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The Winslow mail. (Winslow, Ariz.) 1893-1926, February 06, 1897, Image 2

Image and text provided by Arizona State Library, Archives and Public Records; Phoenix, AZ

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96060765/1897-02-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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®he Ulutslcuu ptrtit.
J. F. WALLACE,
PUBLISHER - AND - PROPRIETOR.
Pabllth«4 nl Wiiulow, Arizona.
A paper devoted to the horseless ve
hicle has been launched in Loudon. It
should run itself.
Says the New York Herald editori
ally: "\Ye pay S9OO a day for chewing
gum/’ How many daughters are
there in your family?
There are colored men in nearly all
branches of the Pittsburg. I'a.. city
government, and it is now announced
that the city will soon have a negro
tire company.
A curious light is thrown on British
sport by tbe following advertisement
whieh recently appeared in the Cork
Constitution: “Red Deer—The Carbery
hunt is anxious to dispose of two red
deer which they have hunted for past
two seasons: must sell, as they know
this country well; no other fault. Ap
ply Secretary of Hunt, Clonakilty.”
A Minneapolis school teacher whom
one of her boy pupils accosted on the
street with “Hello” compelled him to
eat a cake of soap—not the kind that
floats—as a punishment. \Ye doubt
whether soap will succeed as a pro
moter of polite conversation, and the
lad's father could not be blamed if be
compelled the brutal teacher to swallow
a towel.
It is curious that a great nation like
Russia should have most of its money
coined away from home. England and
France have heretofore done this work
for the Czar. Russia is now about to
build a mint in Moscow, in preparation,
It is inferred, for going on tbe gold
basis. Russia lias been accumulating
gold for some years, and is believed
now to have a large sum on hand, prob
ably not far from $T><k),O()0.000 worth.
White servants are soon to replace the
colored men who for many years have
“lieen a characteristic feature at San
Francisco’s famous hotel, the Palace.
There are twcuty-eight of them now
employed, some of whom have held
their positions to what seemed to be
the public’s satisfaction for more than
a score of years, but they are all to go.
No reasons for the change arc given,
ami the local papers seem disposed to
question its need or advisability.
The bogus medical diploma factory
recently discovered in Illinois, an off
shoot of a similar one in Philadelphia,
which flourished like a green bay tree
for many years, distributing its parcli
inents to every ignorant knave and im
postor able to pay the price demand
ed, invites tbe attention of the police
and magistracy. Illinois should set
about the purgation from her territories
of this roost of unclean birds with as
little delay as possible.
A meeting of publishers was held in
Boston the other day to protest against
the Inequality of the present postal
laws relating to second and fourth class
matter. The publisher of “Donohoe’s
Magazine” said that it cost two cents
to send liis magazine to any point in
Boston and only half a cent to send it
to San Francisco. A book publisher
said that his firm sent many hooks by
express because it was cheaper. Sen
ator Lodge made an address, in which |
he said that the present law l:> grossly
unjust to tbe publishers of low-priced
or light-weight periodicals.
The appointment of Li Hung Chang
ns Minister of Foreign Affairs in Pe
king is regarded in the English Foreign
Office as a disagreeable surprise, to say
nothing of its being a personal mortifi
cation to Lord Salisbury, for it is an
other signification that Russian influ
ence in China is still predominant. At
this moment the journals of France are
saying that it serves England right for
not joining herself to France and Rus
sia In a triple league, while they con
gratulate the republic that French en
gineers and material will be used In
the construction of the Imperial arsenal
in Foo-Cliow.
A man at Narboune, France, lost a
100-franc note in a funny way recently.
He was in a restaurant and took tiie
note from bis pocket to pay for his din
ner, when, as tlie note lay uj>ou the
table, a gust of wind flopped it into tlie
soup. Fishing it out, he placed it upon
the edge of the table to dry, whence it
slipped to the floor. Just then along
came a hungry little poodle, and. sniff
ing at the note, he got a good whiff of
the soup, snatched up tlie note and
swallowed it. The owner of tlie note
then sued the owner of the poodle for
the 100 francs, and tlie courts have de-‘
cided that the latter must pay.
In Vienna a man and his wife have
been arraigned, charged with the mur
der of an unknown number of persons
for tlie purpose of selling their bodies
for the dissection table. The evidence
Is so far incomplete, though it strongly
points to tlie guilt of the culprits. A
year or two ago, in tlie same city, a
similarly unobtrusive domestic couple
were found to have been engaged in
enticing to their home servant girls in
search of a place and murdering them
for their clothes and the little money
they might have about them. These
latter persons were convicted an.l exe
cuted. How it may fare with th3 for
mer remains yet to be decided. The
introduction upon the banks of tlie blue
rulliug Danube of tlie crime which
Burke and Hare made so appallingly
celebrated in Edinburgh three-quarters
of a century ago is calculated to give
pause to the merry, pleasure-loving
Viennese, and make them look as wa
rily about them as tlie Edinburghers
were enforced to do i:i the period men
tioned, when they were brooded over
by a terror greater than any ever in
spired by the Old Man of the Moun
tain.
There are about 2,000 persons In
France who are set down as anarchists,
and are under the constant watch of
the police of the various European
countries. They are of many nation
alities, nearly tliree-fourtlis being for
eigners. and the remainder of native
birth. Italy has the largest number,
.. * —«*v „.-.a
k Russia following. Austria and Belgium
are lowest on tlie list, their joint tribute
, to it being only .1 little over 100. Ex
! eept in the case of the Russian coutii.'-
. ! gout, most of them are artisans and
: | day laborers and persons of no occu
-1 j pation, but the majority of the Museo
j vite malcontents are educated persons,
30 per cent, being students, a like num
ber professional men, and only a frac
tion of them pursue occupations requir
ing no educational training.
The Transvaal Government has a
double object in view in demanding £L
-o*oo,ooo indemnity from the British
j South African Company to cover the
damage done by Jameson’s raid. The
expense caused to the Boers by that
I expedition probably did not reach a
' tenth of that sum, but they are a thrif
j ty folk and see in the event a chance
| for profit, besides which they aim to
pnnisli tlie company for its unwarrant
!ed interference in their affairs. The
j company's prompt disclaimer of Janie
• son’s enterprise did not avail with
public opinion at the time, since its
responsibility was dearly proven, nor
will it carry weight with tlie Boers,
but it will probably need all of Presi
dent Krueger’s sagacity to collect the
tine without involving his state in fresh
complications with the British Gov
ernment.
That ingenious gentleman. Prince
Philippe Robert Due d'Orleaus. Bour
bon pretender to the throne of France,
has lately discovered another way to
have his name brought to the attention
of the French people with peculiar and
suggestive significance. When his en
gagement to Archduchess Marie Doro
tbee of Austria, which terminated on
Thursday in the Vienna wedding, was
first announced, the women of the no
blesse along the Faubourg Saint Ger
main, Paris, started a subscription to
raise a fund which should purchase a
fitting wedding gift for the wife of the
head of tlie Bourbon-Orleans family.
More than 400,000 francs were collected
and an order was lodged with M. Chau
met, the well-known jeweler of tlie Rue
Richelieu, for a diadem of diamonds.
It was tlie intention of those interested
to expose the diadem in the shop-win
dow of the Rue Richelieu jeweler, but
as it was finished only the day before
the wedding it had to be sent at once to
Vienna. The diadem, however, like
any racing cup or prize-fighter's belt,
will be returned to the Rue Richelieu,
where Parisians may feast their eyes
upon it as they read the accompanying
card: “A Gift from the Women of
France,” etc. The design of the dia
dem is that of tlie ancient Bourbon
crown of France.
In the many inventions connected
with torpedo boats and torpedo catch
ers the question of invisibility seems to
be yet unsolved. In proportion as the
sea-going qualities of this type of ves
sel are improved by increased size, so
does the essential quality of a torpedo
boat—the power of remaining
disappear. Paints of various tints have
been tried, but no particular one lias
been declared the best. The United
States navy lias adopted a greenish
shade, to correspond with tlie sea; Ger
many has adopted a muddy yellow;
and France, after experimenting with
gray, has finally decided upon black.
It is admitted by experts that a black
boat can be perceived with glasses at
a greater distance than one painted
gray; that a gray boat can be distin
guished under the electric light much
more easily than a black one; and that
one painted green can be seen at a
great distance by a practised observer
stationed in a good position. But when
(he question of paint lias been solved,
the great enemy to invisibility, smoke,
remains. In the daytime the line of
smoke from the pipe may be distin
guished above the horizon before tlie
outlines of tbe bull of tlie boat are seen,
while at uiglit the amokepipe of a tor
pedo boat under way will flame like a
chimney on tire. These are problems
yet to be solved by naval experts.
Queer Accident to a Freight Car.
A very peculiar mishap to a freight
train has just come to the attention of
the motive power department of the
Panhandle in this city, and in its de
tails it assumes the nature of a miracle
as strange as those of old. The train
was running at a rapid rate between
Xenia and Trebeins, a distance of four
miles, when the trucks of one of the
care gave way and jumped on to the
tracks of the Cincinnati Hamilton and
Dayton road, which runs parallel with
the Pennsylvania at that point. The
trucks light.*/ squarely on the rails,
and continued running until they
smashed into :i pilot of the Cincinnati,
Hamilton and Dayton engine running
in the opposite direction. The Pan
handle train evidently did not suffer
any inconvenience owing to the loss of
trucks, as it was not discovered until
. Trebeins was reached, and then it was
found that the body of the freight ear
was held in position by the couplings
and had ran two miles without any
wheels. The accident is perhaps with
out a parallel in annals of railways.—
Columbus (Ohio) Press.
Does Wales Scratch His Head?
Some one has been protesting against
tlie ciuematoscoping of royalty and the
i subsequent exhibitions of the photo
graphs. on the ground that in one of
the series tlie Prince of Wales is repre
sented as scratching his royal head. The
einematoseoper has hastened to explain
that “the movement referred to is sim
ply a momentary placing of the hand to
the ear, probably to brush away an iu
, trusive fly.” Loyal subjects of the
„ crown will now be able to sleep peace
fully iu their beds without being haunt
• ed by the liorrid thought that the heir
; apparent could, under any circumstan
. ces whatever, descend to such a plebe
: iau action as scratching liis head.—
London Figaro.
Politely Intended.
“What do you think of my work with
the camera?” asked the young man
who is an enthusiastic amateur photog
rapher.
“It's splendid in its way,” replied tlie
girl who means well. “It's better than
1 any of the professional caricaturists
* can do.”—Washington Star.
f
i She —And now. Charlie, I suppose
- to-morrow you will have to speak to
papa about our engagement? He—
j Yes, dearest, I suppose I must. (After
.j a pause) “Has your father got a tele
-1 \ nhono')—QAmnrrllla Tniirdfll.
; j TOPICS FOR FARMERS
'A DEPARTMENT PREPARED FOR
OUR RURAL FRIENDS.
; i
Money in Winter Fattening of Sheep
—Handline Corn in the Stalk -Clover
u Profitable Crop—Buy Only the Best
Stock—Odds and Ends.
Fattening Sheep and Lambs.
There is always money to be made In
winter fattening of sheep, and still
| more in the fattening of lambs, whieh
jin this case are yearlings. But to make
the money requires experience in buy
ing the right class of stock to feed, and
still more in feeding so as to keep the
animal always from becoming cloyed.
This is very difficult, and requires lx>th
' close attention and practical discrimi
nation in the kinds and amounts of
feed to he given. A thrifty growing
animal is always preferable to one that
is scrawny and poor. If digestion in
either sheep or lamb is once injured,
the animal never fully recovers. Hence
the beginning of feeding ought always
to be very light, and part of It should be
of bran and a teaspoonful of oil meal
mixed with it for each animal at a feed
ing. After a week’s feeding on this a !
few oats, whole, may be a added, les
sening the amount of bran at the same
time. As the weather grows colder,
whole corn may be substituted for one
tliird and finally one-half of the oats.
With this mixed feed, bran, oil meal,
oats and corn sheep will seldom get off
their feed if it is limited to what will
be eaten clean each day.
Handling Corn in the Stalk.
Well-eared corn is very heavy to han
dle. It takes thirty to thirty-five hills
of corn to make a stook, and even after
it has dried out as much as it will be- ]
fore winter, such a stook is pretty
heavy lifting on a high wagon. When
ever it is desired to clear a field of com,
low-wheeled wagons with low racks
should be used. Two men can work to
much better advantage than one, the
one oil the ground cutting the hill
against which the stook is built and lift
ing the stook from the bottom, while
the one on the load grasps the top, plac
ing it where he wishes on the load, and
keeping each stook separate as far as
possible. This makes it much easier to
unload. With a low wagon and two
men not afraid of work, a large clear
ing can be made in a corn field by one
day’s labor, and the corn be drawn un
der shelter, where it can be husked dur
ing weather too stormy or cold to per
mit comfortable husking in the field.
Raise Clover.
Clover will go a long way toward
making a farm profitable. Think how
many ways it can be utilized —for pas
ture. for hay, for feediug the stock or
feeding the land; sometimes serving
tlie double purpose of feeding the stock
and then going back to the soil in the
manurial product. Fear not raising
too much; it will always find a mar
ket. q
Begin with the Best Stock.
It is very difficult for a farmer who
is just beginning in this business, and
who finds all sorts of expenses accumu
lating, to make up his mind to secure
only the best stock, no matter what it
cost. Yet if lie really understands his
business this is what he will do if Ills
purchase lias to be restricted to a sin
gle animal. Breeding from this he can
soon stock up to the extent that his
farm requires, and his profits on his live
stock increase will be'generally greater
than from the growing and sale of
crops. It is tlie advantage of the live
stock on the farm that if managed as
it should be, that It will make the farm
pay Avhile it is being all the time made
richer, and that thus it will make the
growing of crops ultimately profitable.
Manuring in the Fall.
There is much less waste by fall ma
! nuring than is commonly supposed. If
* fresh manure from stables is drawn
j out as made and spread over the sur
! face, tlie winter snows and rains leacii
through it, and whatever soluble fer
| tility it contains slowly soaks into the
i soil. Unless the surfaee is frozen or
the land is flooded from running water
coming from above, there is never any
washing of the surface soil to carry off
its fertility. On the contrary, the ma
nure is much better mixed with the
soil than it could be if left until spring,
when if plowed under the rains seldom
j come heavy enough to thoroughly soak
I tlie manure in the soil.
Forest Leaves.
It is very often advised by agricul
tural writers to go into the forests and
secure leaves for bedding for horses
and other stock. There is no objection
to this if other bedding cannot be easily
obtained. But the leaves are procured
with tlie idea that they are a valuable
addition to tlie manure heap. On the
contrary they are of very little value
there, as when rotted down a very large
heap of leaves will make only an in
significant amount of leaf mould,
whose chief value is in the potash it
contains. But in the forest the leaves
serve an important purpose, keeping
the soil moist under them.
Great Corn State.
lowa is the best corn producing
State. There are about 31,000,000 acres
of farm land in the State, of which 20,-
000,000 are improved, and 16,000,000
cultivated. The average farm con
sists of 153 acres; 141,979 farmers work
their own farms, and 58.987 are ten
ants. Farm value is $1,088,003,978.
with mortgages amounting to $138,-
585,000. Only 83.552 farms have mort
gages of less than 42 per cent, of their
value. The corn crop of lowa amounts
to more than all its other agricultural
products combined.—Rural World.
Weeds as Fertilizers.
The University of Virginia has been
! xxperimeuting with weeds in order to
determine their value as fertilizers, tak
ing their proportion of nitrogen, phos
phoric acid and potash as the criterion
, of commercial value. Fifty species of
weeds were taken for the experiment,
, and of these fifty the highest in value
! per dry ton was the common poke berry
, (phytolocca deeandar), which indicated
that a dry ton of this would equal as ma
nure what would cost $21.93 if the
chemical matters above named had
’ been bought for manure. The lowest
in value of the fifty thus used for ma
nure would be common panic grass
(panicuin virgatura), which would be
worth only $3.40 per ton, estimated iu !
the same way. Strange to say, some
closely allied species of grass showed
high manurial value. The common
c-rab grass (panicum sanguinale), stands
third on the list, with a value of $13.39
per ton. One very remarkable fact is
the exceptional value of the poke berry.
This is given as $21.93, while the next
on the list, bitter dock (the common
runnex obtuslfolius) is but $16.26; all
the others down to tlie panic grass fol
lowing each other iu fractions of the
dollar only between them.
Best Pies from Old Sows.
In looking out for young breeding
| sows, the farmer jsrtoo apt to overlook
I the sow that has borne one or two good
i litters of pigs, and is now worth more
\ as a breeder than at any former time of
I her life. So long as the sow is herself
growing she cannot do full justice to
furnishing tlie framework of tlie grow
ing litter which she carries. Hence
there are always one or more runts in
litters from immature sows. The pigs
from an old sow will l>e larger framed
and more vigorous in every way. They
will also make better breeders than pigs
from small, immature sows can be,
however well they may be fed. i
Manures for Onions.
Onions need rich land, but it must be
land made rich by previous manuring
rather than by application of fresh or
even composted manure. In other
words, the fertility must be diffused
through the soil, so that it can make a
solid seed bed. Fresh manure makes
the soil too light, so that the roots of
onions run down, and the crop becomes
very largely scullions. In all cases
where the soil is not naturally rich
enough to produce the largest crops of
onions the deficiency must be made up
with nitrogenous and mineral commer
cial fertilizers, which will compact the
i soil rather than loosen it. •
. ; f
The Poultry House.
A flock of fifty hens is as large as is j
profitable in one pen. A house Bx2o
or 25 feet, with liberal yard room, is
about right. The hens should be con
fined each day until they are through
laying, so that none but absolutely
fresh eggs will always be secured, and
an honest man’s reputation is thus sav
ed from question.
To Break Up a Sitting: Hen.
I use a light frame two feet square j
and two feet high. I cover the top with
a board, and around the four sides I
have wire netting, about two-inch
mesh. I put this frame in the yard
among the other hens and enclose the I
criminal iu it. She can see the flock,
and while endeavoring to gain her lib
erty she forgets her broody habit. A
day or two in the box is enough.—Ex.
Drainage.
When water stands in pools in a
field, drainage is necessary. If the land
is uneven and the subsoil of stiff clay,
pools will be formed, and remain until
late in the spring. Tile drainage is
best, as it removes tlie surface water
by drawing off that below, thus male- ;
ing the soil more porous, and permit
ting the land to come into condition
for plowing earlier in the spring. (
Have Windbreaks.
Windbreaks are appreciated in win
ter. To grow them set out a row oi
two of arbor vitae or Norway spruce,
keeping the young plants trimmed the >
first year or two, and then permit them
to grow undisturbed. Placed on the [
north side of a barn or house, the thick
hedge (for that is what it will he), will
add greatly to the protection of the
buildings.
Bulldog Stops a Runaway.
Councilman Bungay, of Spokane,
Wash., has a bulldog that is worth
owuiug. Outside of keeping trouble
some dogs away from the store anti
fighting worthless curs it developed a
new power the other day. It stopped
a runaway horse. Every one going
out on East Sprague street knows the
dog. He lies in front of Mr. Bungay’s f
store, and is friendly to all who treat
him kindly, but a terror to others. He
was having a nice nap when he was
awakened by a cry of “runaway.” A
delivery horse had broken the weight
from the hitching strap and was com
ing down Sprague street at a lively 1
gait. The dog saw what was up, and
at once located the strap dragging on
the ground. He made a jump for one
end, getting his teeth firmly fastened
in it the first time. The speed of the
horse was sufficient to jerk the dog
into the air, but he held on to the strap
all the time, and when he could brace
himself for a moment would set his
feet into the earth and jerk back. The
horse could stand this only a short dis
tance, finally being brought to a stand
still.
A number of men ran out and took
the animal by the bridle, and as soon
as they did so the dog let go of the j
strap, and shaking tlie dust off him
self, sauntered back to the store, go
ing to sleep in the same old spot.
Gen. Lew Wallace’s Stepmother.
The finest quality of a great soul is.
perhaps, that of being unconscious of
its altitude, and many who think of
others so much that they have time
to think of self but little, would l>e j
surprised to hear their virtues set.
forth. | i
“Speaking of great men with greitt | ;
mothers,” said a well-known orator,' 4
“I think Gen. Lew Wallace was t;lie .
most fortunate of all the famous raen j ]
I know in stepmothers. His stepm.oth- f
er was a woman of jreat intellect, and ,
of superior talent. In regard to their 1,
affection for each otler there is ... good j ]
story. It was just after the public.*! ,
tion of ‘Ben Hur.’ And what do you , j
think of my book?’ the author asked i :
of his stepmother. Mrs. ZereJda Wal- ]
lace. . t
“ ‘Oh, it is a grard book, my son,’:
said Mrs. Wallace, ‘tut where did you ‘
get that beautiful fliaraeteu of uie ij ,
mother of “Ben Hurt” ’
“ ‘Why, my dear nDther. I thouglrt of ;
you every line whit* I wrote it/ re- \,
plied the general, as he put bis arm
around her.”
Monkeys Compreaend Pictures.
The monkeys of Soith America seem *
to comprehend the meaning of pic
tures. for they often grin with merri
ment, it is said, at a •omic design. ,
Cholly—Do you thiik it very wic-ked
in me to bet on the rices? Ethel—No— f
not if yon patronize .-sum* poor book
maker who really nedS- the money.—
Puck.
± I l’’
SOUTH POLE SHAKEN.
EARTHQUAKE BREAKS BERGS
FROM ANTARCTIC ICE CAP.
Floating Ice in the Southern Sea Gives
Information of the Convulsion of
Nature—ls the Third Time the
Event Has Been Recorded.
Big Bergs Afloat.
HE south pole
* ias cen shaken
- l|J by an earthquake;
under the vast
iSjlj” s * :ret^e ' s ' ce
been a mighty
convulsion of na-
I ~ ture, and the fact
ft i.Alla 1 has been made
V known by the im
■ mense icebergs
J dislodged by the
shock.
The strange messengers have brought
their news slowly. Five years ago, ac
cording to the computations of the Hy
drographic Office of the Navy Depart
ment, the earthquake took place. Since
that time the southern sea has been
tilled with great bergs, slowly drifting
northward into navigable waters* until
at last their size and numbers have
proved beyond doubt that their origin
can be found only in some disturbance
of the bed upon whicih the antarctic ice
cap rests. The information has just
been given out in tine official statement
prepared by the Hydrographic Office
for the use of those who gotdown to
the sea in ships.
This is the third and greatest of the
recorded upheavals of the ice' regions
about the south pole. The first took
place in 1832, the second in 1854, and
the recent one, it is believed, intlß9l.
It has covered the southern sea with
bergs greater than the city of Chicago
and rendered navigation to the far
south unsafe for years to come, forftlie
bergs melt slowly. Large masses of
ice have been met with before by ves
sels in the South Atlantic, but never
in such great numbers.
Capt. Doan of the /American. ship
Francis in February, 1893, when the
number of bergs iirst began to increase
noticeably, passed close-to six icebergs,
each several miles in length, and from
300 to 400 feet high, wfithin twenty-four
hours, and after a nijghit of peril from
floating ice found himself at daybreak
■confronted by an immense. barrier of
rice stretching as far as he could see
from aloft. This was'in latitude 51
degrees 1 minute south,, longitude 49
■degrees 15 minutes west.
In December of the same year the!
British bark Beech wood,, met with a
monster berg in latitudel47 degrees 7
minutes south, longitude 41 degrees 44
minutes west. Officers.of the\Beecli
wood estimated that the mass* of ice
was twenty miles long and between 300
•and 400 feet high. During the same
month the captain of the Drumcralg
'■sighted a berg twenty-live or thirty
miles‘long and 300 feet high in latitude
•49 degrees 34 minutes south, longitude
•45 degrees 53 minutes west.
The average size of the bergs
■off by the recent earthquake is o. thing
hard to determine, for they are reported
as varying greatly. The average, how
ever, is greater than in, the previous
cases of 1832 and 1854. . The'immense
isize of the masses of ice dislodged by
•the shock will be appreciated when it
is remembered that only' about one
ninth of the berg appears' l above the
(surface of the water.
The occurrence of an earthquake
alone is sufficient to |account for lee-'
' SOUTH POLAR ICE CAP IS BROKEN.
bergs of this size. There are other the
ories i advanced to account for the dis
lodgin T of masses of ice from the ice
cap, bl t all the features of the appear
ance ot the icebergs in the South At
lantic, l heir number, size, shape and
general . nature go to prove the recent
occurred *e of an earthquake at the
pole, by 4 *vhicli the edge of the ice cap
has beenri broken loose. The entire re
gion in- tl» ‘ neighborhood of the south
pole appeal rs to be covered by this ice
mantle, w.ii bout, any inlet to its interior
for the cute nice of warm water to dis
solve a mil bt eak it up. The bergs from
the antarctic continent do not begin to
melt untill they have drifted four hun
dred miles toward South America or
Africa. So the force necessary to
break pieces' thirty miles long from the
■solid mass of tB e-antarctic ice cap may
be appnaciated.
fiimest in the world.
The New' Female Prison at Joliet,
111., Bears Tta&» Distinction.
The ne w Joliet, IQ., female peniten
tiary been completed, and the
women <cnviets transferred to their
pew quarters. The building is 50 by
100 feet, iigirt three s':ories high. It is
built of Joliet stone, most of which j
came from .the penitentiary quarry. On
;each side, of the en trance stand two
SENATOR JOHN SHERMAN,
Man Wlio, According to Some Political Wiseacres, la Slated for Secretary
of State in McKinley’s Cabinet.
large columns of masonry reaching to
the top of the building, and the four
corners of the structure are adorned
with turrets. At the right of the first
floor as one enters are the matron’s
parlor and sleeping apartments. On
the left is the deputy warden’s room.
At the northeast corner of the building
Is the dining-room, connected with the
kitchen on the third floor by a dumb
waiter. This floor is also supplied
with bathrooms. On the second floor,
west side, Is the hospital, a beautiful
room for convalescents, and two rooms
designed for isolated wards in cases
of contagious diseases, which can also
be used for sleeping apartments. On
the third floor, east side, is the kitchen.
On the west side, four solitary con
finement cells, bathrooms, etc. On the
first floor of the cellhouse are the chap
el, knitting-rooms, ironing-room, laun
ry and dry-room, bathrooms, kitchen
and the fanroom for heating and ven
tilating the building. The air in all
I departments is changed every fifteen
minutes. Heat and electricity are con-
NEW FEMALE PBISON AT JOLIET.
ducted from the power-house of the
prison proper in a conduit. A mas
sive iron stairway leads to the second
story, where there are 100 cells, ar
ranged in two rows along each side
of the spacious corridor, with a small
gallery between the upper and lower
tiers. Each cell is 7 by 8 by 10 feet,
and is provided with a window, an
exhaust flue, hot air duct, water, in
candescent light, etc. The building is
absolutely fireproof. The roof Is so
attached to the building that it can
he raised if another story be needed.
The building was begun last April,
and 100 convicts have been working on
it all summer, under the supervision of
Warden Allen and his assistants. The
total cost is within the appropriation,
which was 575,000. Prison experts
who have inspected it say it is the
finest female prison in the world.
There are sixty-eight female convicts,
and Miss Madden, the matron, has
made a good record.
Instinct.
‘Can you lend me $10?” asked the
two-headed girl of the fat lady.
“Guess I can,” said the fat lady,
“but you don't meau to tell me you
have spent all your salary already?”
“I—l didn't mean to,” replied the
two-headed girl, almost in tears, “but
there was such a lovely vase put up
at auction, and I got to bidding against
myself before I thought.”— Cincinnati
Enquirer.
He— ‘‘Madam, you have my assur
ance that lam a gentleman!” She—“l
have no reason to doubt your assur
-1 ance.”—Harlem Life.

If it is proper to give a supper, and
! call it a tea, why isn't it proper to call
! a breakfast a pancake?
■ A STORY OF GEN. WALLACE.
An Agent’s Amusing Mistake in Con
founding Burro with Bureau.
. When Gen. Lew Wallace was serv
t ing as Territorial Governor of New
Mexico a few years ago he shipped
Sliome to Indiana a
carload of curios
for his friends. The
collection for the
most part consisted
of boxes of miner
als, furs, Indian
blankets and bead
work, and with
them was included
« a diminutive Mexl
t can burro or donkey
« intended for a
gen. Wallace, neighbor’s child as
a pet.
When the car reached its destina
tion the freight agent in checking up
I the contents of the ear misunderstood
the word “burro,” and, thinking that
it was the phonetic attempt of some
illiterate railroader to spell “bureau,”
was unable to find any piece of furni
ture to fit the bill of lading. On the
other hand, he found in the car a long
eared donkey, not included in the bill.
According to custom, whenever ir
regularities are discovered, he prompt
ly telegraphed back to tfie snipping
point: “Car No. 27,390, Albuquerque,
consigned Wallace, arrived minus one
bureau, plus one jackass. Please trace
and notify.” Gen. Wallace himself
dictated the answer: “Change places
with the jackass.”
THE CYCLE SKATE.
Bicycle and Roller Skate the Latest
Pneumatic Tire Locomotion.
The latest idea in pneumatic tire lo
comotion is a machine which the in
ventor calls the “cycle skate.” The men
responsible for the curious affair took
for their model the safety bicycle and
the ordinary roller skate, the result be
ing a mongrel which, like all other in
ventions, is “going to revolutionize cy
cling.” It consists of a steel frame,
light but strong, which clamps on to
the sole and heel of the shoe, and to
this, directly beneath the heel and toe,
are fastened two large wheels. They,
are made of either wood or steel, and
are equipped with either solid rubber or
small pneumatic tires. The skates,
having only two wheels each, are even
more difficult to manage than a bicy
cle, and an additional charm will be
had in spinning over the highways and
byways in that it will be a trick to
master the cycle skate. The wheels
are about three inches in diameter.
The new invention is intended as much
for the road as the rink. Os course,
the cycle skate can lie of little use ex
cept where the roads are hard and
smooth. Asphalt, macadam or a well
rolled dirt road will serve the purpose
nn\\V
cycle skating.
admirably. The same exhilaration
which skimming over the ice produces
is felt when mounted on a pair of cycle
skates.
Animals and Earthquakes.
Inhabitants of lands subject to eaivii
»iuakes believe that they can tell when
a shock is going to happen by feeling
unusually depressed and languid. But
the effect of a coming quake is even
more marked in animals. In Caracas,
the capital of Venezuela, dogs, eats and
jerboas get very restless. Just before
the first shock in the Riviera in Feb
ruary, 1887, a groom noticed how
fidgety his horses were, laying back
their ears and declining to be calmed.
Sea birds have been seen flying inland
before a severe shock in Chill, while
dogs have bolted in hot haste from a
Mexican town, as if eager to escape
from falling ruins and a too early grave.
It Is only hungry fish that snap at
bait.

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