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J. F. WALLACE, PI'BLIbUBK - aSD - PROPRIETOR. at Wiiiioa, * _ ■„ 11 ■ —w The Kansas City Star is of the opin ion that Uussell Sage lias probably more money and less fun than any man Os his class in America. If It be true that diamonds can be manufactured Inexpensively, what is to binder the average citizen of the future from rising to the supreme level of the hotel clerk. In Lexington, Ky., there is a club tbe youngest member of which Is 89 years old. All the others are over 90. The club meets regularly for purposes of mutual improvement and social pleas ure. Florists and gardeners have found a simple aud what is said to be an effec tive means of ridding their greenhouses of devastating insects. Tobacco stems are placed on the heating pipes, and the heat brings out the odor of the tobacco, which destroys the pests. Street cars can !>e ventilated by means of a new device consisting of a rotary fan run by the motion of the car. placed in the car roof and connected with an exhaust fan placed in the end of a pipe running to the interior of the car, the Intention being to exhaust the foul air iu the upper part of the car, so that pure air can enter from the out side. A quick piece of engineering work was carried out one Saturday night re cently on the Great Eastern Railway near Ely. An old bridge of one hun dred and thirty feet span over the Itiver Ouse was taken down in six hours, and a new’ single-span bridge that had been erected alongside was lifted up on a Bet of trolleys and put in its place in two hours more, only one regular Sun day train having been delayed. In the heart of San Francisco is the city’s principal cemetery, where aro buried the bodies of her famous dead, and where loom up in the sky the grand mausoleums of her millionaire mining and railroad kings. A movement to bisect this cemetery with a new street has aroused much opposition, yet it is by no means certain that sooner or ! later the whole cemetery will not be j moved to a quarter where the dead | would cost loss in real estate aud taxes, j As surely as bread Is the staff of life, so surely is America feeding the world. From the wheat tields of the West three streams of grain are flowing— ; one toward the I’acilic coast, for ship- > meat to India and tlie far East, one ' down the Mississippi to New Orleans, i and another toward the Atlantic sea- ; board, the last two for transportation ! to Europe. This demand is a factor j lu producing the better times that are ; dawning for the T'uited States. Once, and not very long ago. the pub lic let ter writers of Paris made comfort able livings by inditing epistles, senti mental or business like, as the case j might require, for people to whom the ' mysteries of the spellingbook had \ never been explained. Compulsory ed ucation has ruined the craft, and the few representatives of it that survive only avoid starvation by getting occa sionally the task of correcting the grammar and heightening the Qloqence of some Socialistic Deputy whose abil- j ity to write is not backed up by the i possession of very much to write about. ■. . A blacksmith iu Kansas has hit upon j a novel plan to induce his debtors to ; pay up. He has published iu the local j papers the following card: "As I aui obliged to meet the payment of a note I am compelled to call upon all of those who are indebted to me to help me out as much as they can. I have decided to select a day. 1 request your presence j at my shop to pay the amount herein stated. You will receive a special treat. Lunch and refreshments will he served from 1 p. m. to 0 p. ni. in my basement, and a very good time is assured. Please present this card when you call aud show the amount of your account, which is dollars and cents.” Mark Twain is between 50 aud 00, thin, medium height, with prominent features. His face is Jewish aud gen erally wears a wrinkled and grave ex pression. His small, sparkling eyes are utmost entirely hidden in great bushy eyebrows. A lawyer was once talking to him with his hands iu his pockets. "Isn't it a strange sight." cried Twain, "to see a lawyer put his hands into his pockets—his own?" On another occa sion he was making a speech at a din ner in New York. "I myself have fought a little," he said, “for a fort night. 1 was on the stronger side aud 1 retired —to make the sides equal.” A San Francisco carpenter who used to he a miner lias discovered in one of the streets of that city a vein of quartz containing both gold and silver in quan tities that indicate the presence of a large deposit of rich ore. He refuses to reveal the position of this ledge, be cause the only outcropping of it about which he knows is on municipal prop erty. and. as all the land in the viciuity is covered with houses, lie does not see how he is going to get any profit out of his find. He has, however, obtained a few specimens from the vein, aud has had them assayed, with the result of showing that the ore, if it runs as well, contains $12.40 in gold and s2d>o in sil ver to the ton. The carpenter is trying to think out some method of deriving advantage from his inconveniently sii uated mine, and meantime is worrying because people are walking over it every day and somebody with more money than himself may notice the quarts vein, buy the adjacent property and make a fortune. A novel ease in rhe law of habeas cor pus lias recently been decided by the Supreme Judicial Court of Massachu setts. The writ was applied for by a prisoner who had been sen tensed to Im prisonment at hard labor for two years aud six months. The sentence was er roneous In that it did not go further and direct that the imprisonment should be solitary. For this reason the petitioner claimed that he was entitled j of the Supreme Court denied the mo -1 j tion, saving that ‘lie judgment was cor j rect as far as it went, and there was I nothing to prevent an amendment of | the sentence, which would add the fur ther penalty which the prisoner said i should have been imposed upon him. George \V. Smalley lias been com paring the postal service of London to that of New York, to the decided dis advantage of the latter city. He is now living in 75th street, near Fifth avenue, aud letters are delivered there four times a day, between the hours of Biu the morning and Bat night. This is better than the service in San Fran cisco, but it is not what Mr. Smalley has been used to. In London, occupy -1 lug a house in a similar location, Mr. Smalley got his first letters at ten min utes to 8 iu the morning, and from 10 in the morning till 10 at night the de liveries were hourly. He says that it Is no uncommon thing in London to mail a letter aud get an answer by post within three or four hours. Daniel Mayer, the English musical ' agent, says America is the only country besides England where “great money" is made by musicians. On the conti- i uent charges for admission are small, and there are not so many big halls, j consequently artists have to be content | with lesser receipts. A fee of £SO is > considered as something very high in deed for a single performance “across the water." The musical life is a very uncertain one. It seems. Only those who have made really big names make big incomes. A great many “big” vocal ists and instrumentalists receive pupils, even while at the height of their popu larity. Musical suns are apt to set j very suddenly. Singers go out of fash ion quickly and do not get into fashion again. Ex-Cabinet Minister Baihaut. recent ly liberated at the conclusion of the term of imprisonment for which he was sentenced for fraud and corruption, of which he had, while Minister of Public Works, rendered himself guilty In con nection with the defunct Panama Com pany. has, to the astonishment of ev erybody, just becu rearrested. It ap pears that he Is still liable to the Gov ernment to the extent of 891,000 francs for fines, costs, and legal expenses. The courts recently decided that the unfor- j rnuate man, who is completely ruined, should either pay this sum at once or be j imprisoned for another year. Natural | ly. he chose the latter, and has now’ the j consolation of knowing that every min ; ute spent in the penitentiary is wiping off. roughly speaking, about three cents of his debt to the state. The last piece of property owned by ex-Senator Tabor, of Denver, was fore- i • closed a few days ago under a tnort , gage for SBOO,OOO. Fifteen years ago ! lie possessed a fortune of over $0,000,- ! 000. The year 1877 found him with his i family on the site where Leadville now ! stands. Here, with two other men, Tn , bor began mining iu a small way and !on an apparently poor prospect. In i the course of a few months he sold his half interest for $1,000,000. En- j couraged by this nuexpected success, he went on selling and lnvestttag in new mining property until in 1880 he had a i daily income greater than that of any ] man between Xetv York City and Ne- I vada. He built a residence that cost $1,000,000. Unfortunate investments, betrayed friendship, and political am bition, united with the stringency of the times, have wrought the ex-Senat or’s financial ruin. Though past his prime and deserted by summer friends, j who owe all they have to him, he has, : with true American pluck, act about re ! trieving his lost fortunes. i Chicago Tribune: Edward Stanley, j of Williamsburg, has tired of doiug j housework and seeks a respite from taking care of the chilrren. This en tirely commendable desire, however, lias landed Mr. Stanley in jail, because lie so far forget his customary meek- . ness as to inform Mrs. Stanley that he ’ would cut her throat. It appears that Mr. Stanley had no intention of com mitting any act of violence and referred to Mrs. Stanley's throat entirely in a Pickwickian sense, merely "to have something to say.” He had reached the "last feather" stage and chose an in felicitous method of expressing his dec laration of independence. There was something pathetic lu his explanation to the Judge. “Other married men go around with the boys,” said he, “but I’ve been compelled to mind my own children. I've washed and dressed them; kept them always looking neat. Then I’ve done all the cooking for the whole family, besides the cleaning. Not until everythin}* was finished, every thing looking fFlm and neat, and the children having their afternoon nap, did 1 get a chance to read a novel and smoke my pipe." Mr. Stanley does not ask for much. All he wants is a chance to work in a manner befitting his sex and his aspirations to renew his con vivial association with “the boys.” Great loe Avalanche. A mass of ice comprising 4.000,000 cubic feet broke away on the 11th of September. 1890, from the lower part of the Altols Glacier ou the Gemini Pass, in Switzerland. With the veloc ity acquired in its descent this river of ice rushed across the pasturage and up the western slope of the valley to a height of 1.300 feet along the rocky wall of the Weissflugrat. Nor being able to completely surmount this barrier, tlie main mass came surging back—like a vast sea wave recoiling from the cliffs—with such force that some of it returned to a height of 100 feet up the eastern side. Isolated blocks of ice were hurled clear over the ridge into the adjoining valley. This aval anche was preceded by a terrific blast of wind, which swept away chalets, trees, men and cattle, as though they had been feathers. These sudden aval anches of ice or snow form one of the special dangers of Alpine climbing. Onrlons Marriage Custom. A very peculiar custom Is prevalent - in Lithuania. On the occasion of the • celebration of a marriage the mother i of the bride, in the presence of numer • ous witnesses, administers to her ; daughter a vigorous box on the ears. Iu ease of dispute between the husband • and wife at any later period this blow t may be cited as a plea for divorce, she ( contending that she was constrained to I enter the bonds of matrimony by phy- THE FARM AND HOME MATTERS OF INTEREST TO FARM ER AND HOUSEWIFE. How Beau# ami Potatoes Should He Planted —Hints on the Care of Horses —Sure Mark of a Good Gardener— Sulphur for Sheep Scab, Planting Beans and Potatoes. The rule to plant beaus with the eye down may answer with very late plant ing, but is not to be recommended while the soil is cool and moist early in spring. The bean is very impatient of wet or cold, aud is more likely to rot with its eye turned down than when the eye is turned toward light, air and warmth. On the other hand, potatoes which somebody has advised to be planted with the cut side down ought always to be planted exactly the other way. The potato likes cool and moist soil, and its roots grow all the stronger while the shoot starts from under the cut piece, and then turns upward to the light. Twenty years or more ago we made a careful experiment iu planting potatoes, having four rows, two of which were planted cut side up and the i other two the reverse. The rows were [ close together, aud the potatoes which had to start and turn iu the soil before coming to the surface had all the sea- i son stronger vines aud in the fall yield ed more marketable potatoes than did the other. The vines also kept green longer, because the roots starting under the potato set got firmer hold on the soil than when they started near the surface.—America u Cultivator. Care of Horses. The annoying sores made by the har ness can be almost entirely prevented by intelligent care. The pressure of the harness and collar upon parts not accustomed to it, if long continued, so compresses the blood vessels that the normal flow of blood is checked, the vessel walls are bruised and partially paralyzed, and the muscles are also bruised and weakened. It is an excel lent plan to have an old cloth attach ed to the harness to use to wipe the per spiration from tlie shoulder. On re moving the harness bathe with cold wa ter the parts upon which the harness has rested heavily. This contracts the muscles and tends to prevent inflam mation aud swelling of the parts. Should an injury appear bathe the part with cold water, or apply ice so long as there Is any inflammation or fe ver. Fads kept wet with cold water are beneficial. After the fever has sub sided use warm water to hasten tlie re pair of the parts. Whenever the skin is broken from any cause, bathe with a two or five per cent, solution of ereo iine. It should be used where the skin is badly bruised, as it prevents infec tion of the parts. —Agriculturist. Keeping Up Fertility. One of the surest marks of a good gardener is that he always is on the lookout to have ou hand au ample sup ply of fertilizing matter for the soil. How reasonable that is. and yet strange to say one meets with persons who, judging onjy by their acts, seem to think that plants do not need food. They need it quite as much as do ani mals; both grow from that on which they feed. It is true all cultivated soil contains some plant food in the shape of vegetable humus, deposited there in one way or another, in the past. But the good gardener looks upon present tertility as a sort of revenue, and sees to it that enough manure is applied to tiie soil each year to meet the needs of the current crops. It would be a lesson to some amateur gardeners to visit the successful mar ket gardens of our large cities and see how, year after year, thick coats of manure, thirty or forty tons to the acre, are applied.—American Gardening. Dormant Budding. Prof. Price says the method of dor mant budding, as practiced at the Tex ns station, consists of cutting a slip of bark, with some wood attached, down the tree about one Inch, leaving it attached at the lower end. About ‘ half of ibis slip is then cut off, leaving | the other half still attached to the tree. Cut off a bud, leaving some wood also attached to it to prevent injury, and then carefully place it between the slip and tree, so that it will fit nicely, and the cambium of the bud and tree come in contact. Tie tight with some mate rial, such as raffia. In five or six days the bud will be found to have knit firm ly. Treat them as those budded in the usual way. Draught Horses on the Road. The strength of the draught horse enables him to make good time for a short sprint, despite the excess of j weight he carries. But unless on soft dirt roads fast driving of draught horses should not be attempted, be cause the excess of weight makes tlie pounding of the horses' feet on the hard surface all the more severe. It is well known that heavy horses are quite apt to have defective feet. This we believe to be the cause. Kept to their appro priate pace on the road aud on the farm draught horses will live and do good service years after they are 20 years old. It is nervous worry that shortens life, rather than hard, muscular toil, both in horses and in men. —Exchange. Fattening Pigs in Winter. There is very rarely much profit in keeping pigs through the winter, and in the meantime fitting them for sale for spring porkers. The trouble is in keep ing the pig warm enough to make the host use of his food, and secondly, in giving him the material to make growth as well as fat. Milk is scarcer in winter than at any other time of year. In fact, it cannot be had on most farms. Yet by cooking some fine wheat mid dlings. to which a tnblespoonful of lin seed meal for each quart of porridge lias been added, a very satisfactory substitute for skim milk may be made. It will be really richer in nutritive val ue than is skim milk, and if pigs so fed have warm quarters, they will thrive just as well as they will in summer. Specific for Sheep Scab. Hot baths made by putting sulphur in water are a specific for scab iu sheep. It is very Infectious, and any sheep having it should be kept by itself. The bath will need to be repeated at inter vals of one or two days, for at least three times, in order to destroy germs that were not advanced enough for the l lian sheep growers have succeeded 1n eradicating scab from that country. Now every sheep brought to Australia has to submit to the bath once to de stroy possible germs rbat have not be come visible. Sweet Corn. There is a popular idea that sweet corn is richer than common field corn. In fact, they are chemically just the same, the carbon in the sweet corn ap pearing as sugar and starch and lu the field corn as starch alone. Tlie sweet ; corn is most palatable, therefore prob ably most digestible. As the sweet ] corn will not yield in either stalks or : grain as much as field corn, it would ! seem to be a good plan to grow field | corn for the main feed and enough i sweet corn to use as a change, or when i the appetite for starchy food has been cloyed. But oats or wheat middlings would be better for this even than would sweet corn. The Barn Cistern. Every barn will 9hed from its roof enough water for all the stock that can be kept on the feed It contains or the cattle it will shelter. If this water is duly conducted into a cistern in the barn basement and filtered before us ing, it is much tlie bqpft water the stock j can have for drink. In the basement l the water will never be down to freez j ing temperature, which au important I matter, as every degree of cold has to ! be warmed to animal heat by the car j bouaceous food that the animal has di gested. If it is a milch cow that has its water thus warmed, it detracts just so much from the butter fats which the milk will contain. That is about as expensive warmth, even at low prices for butter, as the farmer ever pays for. Good Clover Hay. Clover liay is much better appreci ated than it used to he. While most horsemen in cities are still shy of it, the farmers know as they always have done that in nutritious value it far surpasses timothy or other grasses. It contains more nitrogenous nutrition than the grasses. This is what makes it hard to cure without turning dark colored, but tlie late clover crop, which is always nearly black when got into the barn, is for sheep, cows and calves the best hay of all. Farm Notes. A Wisconsin farmer, who had some Canada thistles on his farm, says he ex terminated them by cutting them off an Inch under ground and giving them a' dose of common salt. A sheep should be caught by the hind leg or by placing the arm under its neck and never by the wool. To carry the sheep, stand at its left, pass right arm over, with hand resting under brisket just back of fore legs, lift and grasp left hind leg with left hand as you lift. When snow is on the ground rabbits have a hard time securing food and will eat anything that will prevent starva tion. It is then that they girdle trees and do damage which is not within the power of the farmer to repair. Smear ing the trunk with blood or wrapping the trees with tarred paper or mosquito netting two feet from the ground serves as a protection. On many farms early lambs have al ready appeared, and the object should be to force them iu growth as much as possible. One of the best foods for them, as soon as they are old enough to eat, is ground oats. Tbe ewes should he fed not only grain and hay, but also carrots, turnips and other succulent food, so as to induce a full supply of milk. The piles of stalks and straw which go to waste can be made to do good service in providing shelter if it is not considered fit for feeding. With a few posts and poles the stalks and straw will furnish a warm refuge for animals that cannot be accommodated in the barn or stable. With plenty of straw on the ground, under the covering so form ed, no better place could be arranged for sheep, and with care in making the roof only a heavy storm will cause it to leak. When putting down drain tile it is bet ter to take time and do it properly than • to slight the work, as any defect after ! the tile is covered cannot lie remedied without incurring an extra expense, and an obstruction is not easily located. The tile should be so laid that the joints will not be displaced and the bed on which the tile rests should be firm. If the work is done intelligently, and in a manner to provide perfect drainage, the tile should do service for many years without getting out of order. Saved by a Hatchet. Golden Days tells a story of a pros pector in Alaska, who, in company with eight other men. was walking across a I great ice-field. At one place a thin sheet of Ice hid from view a crack about three feet wide. The party approached the crevasse diagonally, the prospector iu advance, when suddenly he and the next man lu the line slipped through the thin coat ing of ice and disappeared in the chasm below. Their cries narrowly prevented some of the others from meeting a simi lar fate. The second man carried a gun, and as he held on to it, the weapon lodged crossways in the crevice, and enabled him to be rescued; hut the prospector went down at least seventy-five feet, and was tightly jammed between the walls of ice. He could not be seen, but his voice could be distinctly heard directing the movements of his rescuers. Blankets were torn into strips and tied into a rope. This was lowered to the impris oned man. who fastened one end around his body. When the rope was pulled, however, it was found that he was jammed in so tightly that lie could not be moved without tearing him asun der. The rescuers were in a quandary, but the imprisoned man suggested that they lower him a hatchet, and when this was done he chopped himself loose in short order. Altogether he was thir ty minutes in the icy tomb, aud it was a week before he recovered from th</ shock. XVhat a Question. His New Mamma-in-Law —1 trust, my dear sou, that you never iudulge in the pernicious habit of going out between the acts for a drink of intoxi cants'’ The Bridegroom Why, my dear mamma, you didn’t think I had it brought iu, did you?—Cleveland Plain ! r\~,, .... I ■ ■—— ■ - - I , , „ : J ' Oxygen in Surgery. Remarkable results are reported to have been obtained In England by treating wounds with oxygen gas. Two kinds of micro-organisms are found In i wounds, one kind being beneficent and the other injurious in Its effects. Oxy gen causes an increase of the former and a decrease of the latter, so that, , according to a writer in the British Medical Journal, wounds treated with oxygen heal more rapidly and with less pain than by any other form of treat ment. Tl»e Earliest Men. Dr. Ranke, of the German Anthrop ological Society, recently undertook to describe the physical characteristics of the earliest men, as ascertained from the examination of prehistoric graves. They w*ere of a yellowish color, he said, and had coarse hair. Their heads were peculiarly shaped, the part of the skull which coutains the brain being large relatively to the face, while the face was small. They had other pecu liarities, among which was the rudi mentary or undeveloped condition of i the third molar, or back grinder tooth. The Doctor believes that the first men originated in Asia. Strawberries as Food. In an address on "Horticulture and I Health,” before the American Associa tion for the Advancement of Science, Prof. W. R. Lazenhy discussed the nu tritive value of various fruits, and showed that an average man who should undertake to live on strawber ries alone would have to consume eighty-eight pounds of them in a day in order to obtain a sufficient quantity of one of the most important elements of food, protein. But while he was get ting the proper amount of protein from the strawberries, they would give him j seven times too much of another neces sary compound, namely, carbohydrates. Forty-four pounds of tomatoes a day would supply nearly the right quantity and proportion of protein, carbohy drates and fat, the three most essential constituents of food. The chief value of fruit consists in its acids, which are Important to health. Stranjre Things on Mars. The planet Mars has recently (Decem ber 11) been again in apposition to the sun and consequently favorably situ ated for telescopic observation. In fact, astronomers have been studying it for some months as it approached appo sition, and have once more discerned those curious lines on its surface called “canals.” They have also seen again the round, or oval, spots that appear at points where many canals meet, and to which Mr. Lowell has given the name of “oases.” One of the latest and most interesting observations relates to an “oasis” called “Tritium Charontis.” On November 10 this spot, at which nine “canals” meet, was seen, at Monsieur Flamtnarion’s observatory near Paris, to be double, or cut in two. Five days earlier, at the same observatory, the I spot had appeared dark, broad and single. v The Lost Arts. If Wendell Phillips were living to-day he would find many fresh illustrations of ancient ingenuity for his celebrated lecture on the “Lost Arts.” Mrs. Le Plogeon lately showed in Appleton’s Popular Science Monthly that the old Peruvians must have understood the laws of atmospherelc pressure in order to construct the very curious jars aud vases that they have left. One of these pieces of pottery was ornamented with , the figures of two monkeys, and when water was poured into, or out of, the vessel, sounds like the screeching of monkeys were heard. Another similar vessel had the figure of a bird which uttered appropriate notes; another was ornamented with a cat which mewed, and another with snakes which hissed. A most ingenious water-jar bore the form of an aged woman upon whose cheeks tears were seen to trickle, while sobs were heard, when water was pour ed from the jar. Worn by the Sea. Astonishing effects are sometimes produced by storm billows tearing away beaches and bluffs on the sea coast. But, upon the whole, the steady wearing effect of the ordinary sea waves striking, or sweeping along, a shore-line exposed to in-driving winds is even greater, although, beiug distrib uted over a comparatively long interval of time, it attracts less attention. Some statistics recently published show that on the eastern coast of England, be tween Flamborough Head and Spurn Head, along a distance of .hirty or forty miles, the beach has been retreat ing before the onslaught of the ocean, for the last thirty-seven years, at the average rate of nearly six feet’a year. The same publication shows that man sometimes unintentionally assists the sea in destroying the bulwarks of the land. This has occurred at the great chalk cliffs near Dover, which have suf fered from the withdrawal of a part of the drifting sand accumulating at their feet and shielding them from the direct assault of the waves. Long piers con structed at Dover and Folkestone have diverted the sand and it lias been found necessary to construct heavy sea-walls to protect the cliffs. Freaks of Two Cats. In a Philadelphia store there is a cat known as Jim. The other day a young woman entered the store for the pur- ' pose of paying a bill. She was given a 1 seat on a large settee while the office 1 hoy obtained the receipt. Now, the 1 hack of this settee rests against a rail- 5 ing which incloses the office. This rail- 1 ng is very much like a back yard fence,, and for that reason is a favorite place 1 for Jim. He was in this place when the ’ lady took the seat and he cast admir ing glances at her. She was neatly at tired in black and had i aige stuffed , bird in her hat. Everything went well until Jim spied this bird, and with a ; jump he was on her hat, much to the alarm and fright of the lady, who in sprang to her feet, screaming f loudly. Jim was quickly removed, but could not be driven awny while tko lady remained in the store. The clerks are golug to give Jim a stuffed bird for a Christmas present, James Hell, also a resident of the Quaker City, owns a pretty malteso cat, whose only fault is kleptomania. Madge Is the cat’s name. While Mr. Bell was eating his supper a few even ings ago he was startled by a funny noise on the stairs. Running In the direction of the racket he beheld the thieving eat coming down the stairs with his gold chain In her mouth, while the watch was bumping each step, evi dently much to the delight of the cat. Quickly seizing his timepiece, Mr. Bell made a lunge for the cat, but Madge escaped. Lately the family had been at a loss to know what Madge had done with her kittens. Their whereabouts 1 were discovered by Mr. Bell, who found the tiny creatures cozily nestled in his new silk hat. i “Mrs. Lincoln’s Zouaves.” Julia Taft Bayne, in St. Nicholas, de scribes the pranks of “Willie and Tad Lincoln” in the White House. The President’s sous were playmates of her brother “Budd.” Mrs. Bayne writes: About this time they formed a mili tary company called “Mrs. Lincoln’s Zouaves.” She gave them a flag, and they were reviewed by the President from the portico. The Secretary of War promised to furnish light (eon- ! demned) rifles, but I do not remember whether they were ever armed or not, for the company dwindled until it was like Artemus Ward’s—“all officers.” Willie was colonel, Budd major, and Hally captain, while Tad refused every rank but that of drum major. The offi cers had old-fashioned swords, given them either by the Secretary of W T ar or by Gen. McClellan. They spent a great deal of time on the flat copper roof of the White House. It was surrounded by a stone balustrade, and here they built a cabin. The roof was by turns a “fort” and a “quarter-deck.” They used to raise and lower the flag with due ceremony, and look for “strange sail” through a spy glass. I remember once, when “Budd’s sis ter” ascended to the stronghold with a stern demand for the scissors, she was received at the “side” with naval eti quette. They showed me a Confeder ate flag at Munson’s Hill, I think, and Tad said some boats on the river were “pirates.” Tbe Demagogue’s Bill of Fare. A certain candidate for a city office— so the story goes—made it a rule that callers should be admitted to see him at any moment, even if he were at table. This rule, it is needless to say, applied only before election. The candidate was fond of the pleas ures of the table, and was aware that this was not counted to his d'se-dvant age among a certain class of his sup porters. Therefore, when he was seat ed one day at a meal of canvas-back duck and champagne, and his maid servant announced that a deputation of men from the ward was waiting in the hall to see him, he did not order j these articles removed until he had found out who the men were. "They looks like workiu’men, sir,” said the maid. “Then, quick, Bridget! Take off the duck and the wine, and bring me some cold chicken and a cup of coffee.” The servant did as she was bid. She had gone out of the room after exe- i cutiug the order, and the politician was devoting himself in a somewhat gin gerly way to the cold chicken, when the girl came rushing in again. “I’ve just found out, sir,” she said, “that they’s a dilegatiou of poor, half starved, shtrikin’ tailors from the sweat-shops!” The politician gave a long whistle. “Ah, then, if that’s the case, Bridget, take off the chicken aud the coffee, and just hand me a cold potato and a glass of water, and show them in!” The Death of Willie Lincoln. In the St. Nicholas Mrs. Julia Taft Bayne gives an interesting glimpse of “Willie and Tad Lincoln,” who were playmates of her brother, “Budd.” Mrs. Bayne gives the following account of the death of Willie Lincoln: On Feb. 1 Budd had a severe cold and was kept In for a few days, and Tad reported that “Willie bad a cold, too.” When Budd returned from a visit, he said, “Willie is dreadfully sick; he talks about me and the pony all the time.” My mother went to inquire, and Mrs. j Lincoln told her they feared typhoid fever. Sometimes the President would come in, stand awhile at the foot of the bed, and go out without speaking. Once he laid his arms on Budd's neck as he sat at the bedside, and leaning over, smoothed Willie’s hair. Although on Ftb. 20, at noon, my mother brought news from the White House that Willie was better, saying that he had held Budd’s hand and j knew ldm, Willie died at 5 o’clock of that day. Tad was overcome with grief, and was ill for some time after. A Tough Mushroom. While traveling in Switzerland the elder Dumas one day arrived in a lone ly village with only one inn, at which the famous novelist was compelled to put up for the night. When the landlord, who only spoke German, came to inquire what bo would take for supper, Dumas tried, but in vain, to make him understand that he wanted some mushrooms, and was on the point or giving up with a bad grace all hope of enjoying bis fa- 1 vorite dish, when he hit upon the idea of takiug a piece of charcoal and trac ing on the wall what purported to be the correct outline of a mushroom. The landlord went out, and Dumas was congratulating himself on the suc cess of his happy expedient, when a i few moments afterward he heard the < Swiss coming up the stairs. The mush- t rooms could hardly have been prepared in so short a time, but this thought did . not occur to our great novelist. , The footsteps came nearer, there was \ a knock, and in walked the landlord— with an umbrella!—Boston Traveler. It Was. Dobson—That was a somewhat pre- ' vious joke Witticus got off, wasn’t It? Smiley— Yes; previous to the flood.— New York Herald. A woman knows as little about a man n as she knows about a horse. 1 Cs&rn&r The Von Bulow letters will shortly he published in London. The title of the new novel written by Conan Doyle for serial publication la the Loudon Queen is “Uncle Bernac: A Memory of the Empire.” The Bodley Head issues “In the Dor ian Mood,” by Victor Plarr, a book of verse which does not justify its title and hardly its publication. It amuses little and instructs not at all. Louise Imogen Guiney has in press a volume of short essays of a whimsical and desultory character to which she gives the gypsy name, “Patrins.” A • patrin, Miss Guiney says, is a gypsy trail made by casting handfuls of leaves oa the road to show which way j they have taken. The Bookman expresses a desire to have Henry T. Finck write a paper on “The Probable Knowledge of Quater nions Among the Pre-Confueian Chi nose,” the motive being to see “whether j he would be able to get beyond the first page without bringing In the beloved name of Herr Anton Seidl.” In “Echoes from the Mountain,” C. j E. D. Tlielps touches now the lyric chord of Greece, now the modern lyre of society verse. Both are wholesome aud the latter especially welcome. Mr. Phelps Is not of the number of those versifiers who have apparently been trying to convince the public that the sense of fun is dead in the world. Vrof. William M. Sloane is now in Europe arranging for the simultaneous publication in French and German of liis “Life of Napoleon Bonaparte.” Tim Bookman, commenting on his change from Princeton to Columbia, says: “It is uo secret that on the death of Dr. McCosh Prof. Sloane would have suc ceeded him in the presidency of Prinee ; ton had not the traditions of that insti tution required the iueumbent of the office to be a clergyman of the Presby j terian faith.” American Men anti Women. An elevator iii the American Tract Society Building in New York City broke the other day, and the platform | fell from the tenth story to the ground. There were nine men and one woman on it at the time of the accident. The I leg of one ma n was broken; the arm of another; and all were injured more or less by the terrible shock. The woman I escaped unhurt, it is said, because the men all stood close together, and lift ing her above them in the air 3aved her from any concussion more severe than a jar. Each man there must have felt | that there was a chance of his deatu in the next minute. The prompting in I these men that led them with one im ; pulse to save her was not because she I was especially pretty, or young, or old, | but simply because she was a woman, j Nor did the act receive any marked no i tice from the newspapers. It's natural and usual for American men to protect j any helpless woman. A chamber in the British Museum filled with relics of far-aivay centuries offers a picture which indicates the dif ference in the position of women of former days and now. Huge friezes an,l tlie bas-reliefs carved upon the famous Harpy tomb show glimpses of : the habits and customs of nations so long extinct. In these the harpies, the vicious friends and the wlcucd prison ers, are all females; while the gods and heroes who are trampling aud thrust ing them down inro torture, are all men. Xo race, ancient or modern, has ever I given to the weaker sex the universal honor paid to it by the American man. A witty woman with quick-seeing eyes and keen perceptions, who had traveled much, said, “An Englishman is not rude to a woman, if she belongs to a higher class than his own; a Frenchman compliments her if she is young and pretty; but an American takes care of her, though she be old and ugly and poor, because he believes lier to be gentler and better than himself.” The American woman should con sider long, before she risks the losing of this prerogative by becoming a loud, boastful, weak imitation of a man. Personated the Queen. There i.s an old lady lying in the Pennsylvania hospital at Philadelphia with a broken leg who once sat as the figure of a life-size painting of Queen Victoria. She is Miss Blanche Sully, and her father was Thomas Sully, iu his time a famous painter of portraits. In 1837 lie went to England with a com mission from the St. George Society* to paint the portrait of young Queen Victoria. He took his daughter with him, and as she was very nearly of the same stature as the Queen she sat for tlie figure in her father’s picture of Vic toria, thus saving the latter the annoy ance of long sittings. During the sit tings Miss Sully became quite intimate with her Majesty, and brought back with her to this country many delight ful memoirs of her royal friend. Worked Both Ways. The police of San Francisco have re cently been enforcing the law prohibit ing w ork on Sunday, especially against Chinese lnundryineu. Last Sunday, as a large load of these offenders was be ing carted to jail in the police ambu lance a resident of t lie western addi tion asked the reason aud was informed by a policeman. “Yep,” grunted a dis gusted Chinese, who stood near, “man workee Sunday, lie go jail—’gainst law workee Sunday. Man no workee, he go jail—vajf. America heap hell of coun- Hy.” Close Relationship. “The Bluvvingtons keep up a very imposing establishment,” remarked the gossipy man who had just moved into the neighborhood. “They do that, indeed,” replied tbe corner grocer; “and my store's the one that's mostly been imposed upon.”— Washington Star. A Decided Chance. Lady—And you escaped from the wreck? Indigent Seaman—Yes, mum. Lady—How did you feel when the waves broke over you? Seaman—Wet, mum; werry wet; but now. mum, I feels dry; werry dry.— Tit-Bits.