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J.F.'WALLACE, PUBLISHER - AND - PROPRIETOR I'nklifhfd at M’luilow, Aiit mu. Japan coraos to the front with a de falcation of $750,000. And .vet they say that country Isn’t fully civilized! The Memphis Scimitar gays: “Miss Ittye O. Hay me left this morning for California.” Poor girl! Even marriage cannot help that name. While Queen Victoria’s reign has been notable in many respects, it has experienced many things which En glishmen would like to forget. The Houston Post undoubtedly is right in saying that “this is a time for sober second thought.” But why not have such thought first occasionally? A woman in Buffalo wanted to buy the entire police force of that city and have the men shot and cremated. And they actually locked her up as a crazy woman. A New York inventor claims to have d'scovered away to prevent eggs from spoiling and says he caiv keep them fresh forever. This will be glad tid ings to the one-night-stand actors. A New Jersey wife has applied for a divorce on the ground of extreme cruel ty because her husband put a live tur tle in her bed. That woman doesn’t seem to have found matrimony a soft snap. When you have fixed upon a plan, even in trivial matters, do net reverse it, except for good reason. Decision of character will thus in time become habitual—and habit has well been de scribed as second nature. If we struggle to overcome a fault or to resist a temptation, and succeed, the time comes when we lose all desire to commit the wrong; the self-restraint is over, and we enter into the true free dom, where desire and duty are one. Miss Claire Ferguson, of Salt Lake City, has been commissioned a deputy saeriff. Unless Miss Ferguson's news paper pictures flatter her, we are ready to wager that if she ever issues an at tachment for an unmarried man she ill land him. Rockefeller one day gives a million dollars to endow a church or college. The next day with a stroke of the pen he raises the price of some product of o.i for a week and gets it back. This is "business” in partnership with re ligion. The Waller (Texas) Free Press says: “Who wouldn’t be an editor? When he goes to his office he finds that some friend has been there and left melons, fruits and vegetables. And the best part of it is, there being no graveyard here, we have prospects of living al ways.” The Phillipsburg (Pa.) Record says: “Our handsome young friend, Jack Barnes, is spending a few days in town. Jack is all right and a nice boj ; but those rattlesnake pants are cork ers.” Well, the}' might be worse; sup pose they were trousers. An insurance publication in the East has issued “Fire Tables for 1897.” From this series of figures it is seen that in 1896 the losses were $118,000,000, a decrease of $24,000,000 from the losses of 1895, $22,000,000 under those of 1894, $50,000,000 less than 1893, and $34,000,- 000 lower than 1592. Unfortunately ihere is no text with the figures show ing the cause of the encouraging de crease. The editor of the Merkel (Texas) Mall rises to remark that “the editor of the Guide has merely assumed greatness, with no provocation whatever io don such an unbecoming disguise. His puerile attempts at witticisms are ir reducible and proportionately irrele vant. He is about as much of an edi tor—and gentleman—as a sheep is a billy goat.” This ought to help to boom the undertaker’s business a little. Sir Ashmead Bartlett’s information from a "source usually reliable” that Queen Victoria will soon abdicate may be correct. Stories of Victoria's ap proaching abdication have beeu set afloat at least once a year ever since the prince consort’s death in 1861, and the world is at last getting skeptical on this point. There has been no volun tary abdication in the annals of British royalty. Few English sovereigns die and none resign. A genius in Rochester, N. Y., nas dis covered. or thinks he has, the cause of the hard times. He says it is bicycles. There are 30.000 bicycles in that city of 180,000 inhabitants. This wiseacre estimates their cost at $2,100,000. and that the owners do not earn any more wages because they possess the wheels, and therefore concludes that the bulk of the owners economize in the matter of food, boots and shoes, clothing, shaves, drinks, street car rides, lit cr ies, and so on. That genius thinks that the wheel, which lias afforded so much pleasure and brought rosy checks to heretofore pale faces in such large numbers, is destined to keep on main taining hard times. That genius will bring up in a madhouse if lie does not throw over that peculiar phase of the bicycle question. His friends should jiresent him with a bicycle and set him to riding it. That will be the surest way to divert him from suicide or an insane asylum. What the world wants on the bicycle question is information that will lead to the extinction of the scorcher. Chicago Times-Herakl: For many years James Aram resided and pros pered in the pretty village of Delavan, Wis. He was not what might bo term ed a rich man at his death, a few weeks ago. He had taken part in most of the enterprises calculated to ad vance the interests of his town. It is apparent that he wanted to live in the thoughts of the people after he nad crossed the river, for he generously re membered several of the churches and the cemetery association and tlieu di rected that $20,G00 be used in build’ng a home for superannuated Methodist lainlstera and their families, to be k>. eated at Dclaran. That was to be In' memory of his father and mother. He did not stop there, but left another $20,000 to be used in establishing a public library and reading-room. These be monuments that are monuments. They are none the less valuable, none the less prized, because the mau whose memory will be preserved by them builded them himself. Fortunate, in deed, is the village or city that has a James Aram, living or dead. One of the boasts made upon the nc cession of the present czar was that there would be greater religious free dom for the subjects of Russia. Ac cording to information lately received, however, it would appear that, on the contrary, the established church is go ing to greater lengths than ever in its prosecution of dissenters. With the aid of the government extreme meas ures are being resorted to to punish those who refuse to conform to the regulations of the State church. These are being carried on by the chief pro curator of the holy synod, who has al ready made himself notorious by his work against the dissenters. The lat ter are said to number from ten to twelve million, embracing many sects and varieties of belief. The curious thing about the prosecutions is that they are being carried out against some persons who, “owing to the absence of a formulated creed, try to strengthen the basis on which their faith is built 1 by conforming themselves to the moral and practical demands of Christian- 1 ity.” That is certainly strange ground for prosecution, but the procurator! finds it sufficient for the harassing of these people. It will only sow deeper the seeds of the whirlwind which Rus> sia is to reap. The expected has happened and Kai ser William has written a play. The German Emperor was long overdue for something eccentric, and a survey of the field showed that when he finally broke out it would be in the histrionic l'me. There was nothing left. He had performed in music, made faces and ether unpleasant pictures, gone to catch whales (and caught Tartars), end done about everything else from failing to go in when it rained to bluff ing the other powers of Europe. Now it was time for him to rise up and shine again, and naturally he wrote a play. A description of the piece has been pub lished, but it is not material to the epi sode beyond establishing the fact that the dramatic attack is acute. The play will be praised by the critics and possi-1 bly acted, and that will end the matter as far as the public is concerned. But William ought to sustain this latest freak longer than has been his custom with the others. He ought to inject a part for himself and go into the acting line for a season. He needs the train ing in detail. He has been appearing in various star parts in the European theaters of peace and war, but has failed to make a good impression chief ly because the audience has mistaken his heroics for farce-comedy. The play’s •he thing, but William must be in it. A movement is on foot to secure par dons for the notorious Younger broth ers, who have been in prison for the last twenty-one years for complicity in the robbery of the Northfleld, Minn., 1 bank and the murder of two men at that time. The Younger and James boys were the leaders of a desperate gang of bank robbers and murderers of that day at whose door many crimes have been laid, but to whom are at tributed by admirers many of those qualities which distinguish better men. Jesse James went to his bloody ac count many years ago. His brother! Frank is living a life of comparative decency among a community where the James boys were regarded as deities. The Youngers were captured and have since beeu in prison. The warden, who is said to favor their release, speaks of their having given twenty-one years of "honest, manly and faithful service to the State,” and a St. Paul newspaper professes to discover that there is “something fundamentally good and noble in men who preferred capture and probable death to deserting a wounded brother.” It is asserted that during their incarceration they have beeu thoroughly x-eformed, and that no good can be had by their further im prisonment. If this is really the case they might be liberated, but there is no use in becoming mawkish about the matter. Would Larrup the Kids. A Chicago Record correspondent writes: Has the world so progressed in refinement that young people ac quire self-control by intuition? It would seem that that is the belief of the school boar<l of this city. A strau ger visiting the lower-grade room in our public schools sees a refined, well educated young woman placed in charge of fifty or more young children —half of them young “toughs,” gathered off the sti-eets, many of them coming from homes where “rushing the can” and family fights are common occur rences. These children have no re aped for anybody or anything outside of the cuffs and kicks they receive at home and in their daily struggles for supremacy on the streets and in alleys. Now, how can these children, coming under the influence of moral suasion for five hours a day live days out of seven, having no fear of consequences, j learn that most essential element of manhood or womanhood— self-control? Moral suasion is a very good thing, but first we must have something to work upon. We never can expect to have good, law-abiding citizens under the present system of training the young. There ought to be a special room, with a special teacher, who has the jiower to punish. How can a teach er do her best for the good children when all her force is used up in trying to coax the unruly ones to behave well when they know she can’t enforce ol>edleuce? ONLOOKER. Milwaukee, Wis., June 11. Making Him Miserable. She —It was just three years ago to night that you proposed. He—Now, what did you want to bring that up for, on the only night of the week that I have away from business?—lndianapolis Journal. The American Father. “Fa, Mr. Withei’s will ask you for my hand pretty soon.” “Who is Mr. Withers?” “He is the gentleman who has been spending his evenings here for the past three years.”—Life. Pessimism.—Pessimism is a poor in vestment, and when epidemic some times reaches good men.—Rev. G. R. Wallace, Congi'egntionalist, Chicago, 111. Wisdom. —Wisdom is not to be reach ed, but to be aspired to. It is not far off, in some other country. It is that which gladdens the soul and has an in fluence upon the intelligence.—Mrs. Elise Braun, Spiritualist, Minneapolis, Minn. Toil.—The kingliest crown man may wear is jeweled with sweat drops of faithful and honest toil.—Rev. Luther Wilson, Methodist, Washington, D. C. Irreverence.—We live in an irrever ent age, and our people do not possess any too much of the x'espect due the dead.—Rev. Di\ Roseman, Hebrew, Baltimore, Md. Spiritual Suicide.—Many people com mit spiritual suicide. They quarrel with their family or their neighbors, and thus annihilate their own happi ness.—Rev. Warren G. Partridge, Bap tist, Cincinnati, O. Life’s Power.—Great is the power of life. Fungi beneath a heavy paving stone will lift it. An invisible speck of protoplasm that no eye can see will hold up at last the majesty of the oak. i —Rev. George Elliott, Methodist, Phil adelphia, Pa. Knowledge.—There has been a new revelation. It is only within the past 200 or 300 years that we have had glimpses of what our earthly home re ally is. A large part of this revelation has come within our own lives.—Rev. M. J. Savage, Unitarian, New York City. Individuality.—When human beings desire to attract people to themselves they make use of a power which may be termed the power of fascination, the power of their visible presence. Their individuality draws others.—Rev. J. J. Lawlor, Catholic, St. Paul, Minn. Pardon.—The man who is not con scious of having committed any sin for which he needs pardon is like the man who can hold his hand in a hot flame and feel no pain, though the flesh is being burned from the bones.—Rev. W. A. Gardner, Christian, San Francisco, Cal. Perfection.—lt is the aim of true eul i ture to set before every man some ideal or another. The practical and the ideal must go hand in hand, acting upon one another, and by a constant correction and improvement leading the mau on to perfection.—Rabbi Jo seph Silverman, Hebrew, New York City. Wives and Mothers.—We need bet ter homes and better fathers. God be praised for Christian homes and wives who are chaste keepers at home; who are busy nursing their children and | caring for the sick and have no time to come to conventions and read es says that electrify the visiting sistei's. —Rev. W. W. Landrum, Baptist, Gainesville, Ga. Composite Chai’acter.—Character is composite. It is partly hereditary—re sult, gratitude for the good we have received from our parents and care to root out the evil. It is in part Adamic —result, combat with the original sin by which every man finds himself pos sessed.—Rev. Wm. Justin Harsha, Col legiate, New York City. lu Gala Dress. Contrary to widely received opinions, the Indians are of a social nature, and fond of paying friendly visits, says Century. Not much attention is given to the order of their going while in the dust of travel, but when arrived with in a short distance of their destination a halt is called, the ponies are relieved of their burdens, the rawlikle packs are opened, and gala dresses and fine ornaments come to light. The two ' young men selected to be the bearers of gifts of tobacco deck themselves for their mission and ride on in advance. A surprise party is not in the Indian’s list of amusements; he takes his enemy unawares, but not his friend. The young men return with messages of welcome; sometimes members of the family to be visited come with them personally to conduct the party. Mean time, all have been engaged in prink ing, brushing and braiding their locks, painting their faces, and donning their best gear, the wide prairie their dress ing room, tlieir mirror each other’s eyes. When the visiting party is again en route, there is not a man or woman who is not gorgeous with color and the glitter of shell or feather finery. Even the children have daubs of fresh paint on their plump little cheeks, while the dudes are wonderful to behold, re- 1 splendent in necklaces, embroidered leggings, and shirts, and with orna ments Innumerable braided into tlieir scalp-locks. The visit over, the Indians go back’ to their homes pleased and contented, happy if they find, as may not always be the case, that the enemy has not been at work during their absence. Salary of Senators. There is a common impi-esslon in this country that the salaries of the United States Senators are larger than those of the Representatives. As a matter of fact the two classes are paid exact ly the same —$5,000 a year each, with allowance for stationery and mileage. There was formerly a difference in the salaries, the Senators being paid a per diem for attendance, the amount being somewhat greater than that of the Representatives, but many years ago this difference was abolished. Cabinet Ministers receive SB,OOO a year each, and this fact is probably responsible for the popular blunder, many persons supposing that a Senator is paid aa much os a member of the Cabinet. The Latest. rw* Old Lady—You pool', ragged, tatter ed creature! Where did you come from ? Tramp—l fell out of de air-ship dat passed over heer last night.—Judge. We wouldn’t be a prodigal son for the little veal there is in it. 1 SLAPPErn_A se/tATOR. Dtike of Tetaan Who Distinguished Himself in the Spanish Cortes. The Duke of Tetuan, who recently distinguished himself by slapping the face of Senator Comas on the floor of the Spanish cortes, is an Irishman in blood. He is the son of General O’- Donnell who in 1860, during the war with the Moors, invested and captured the town of Tetuan in Morocco and got a title for his bravery. The Duke has a title apart from that which he has inherited from his fighting father in Spain. It is that of Lord Donegal in Ireland. The name of the family is an illustrious one in Irish history, and when the present Duke’s ancestors left their native land to espouse the cause of Spain they also left an estate that had been forcibly taken from them during the time of Elizabeth. Tetuan’s father was a soldier par ex-j ceilence, and a courtier too. The son i has Inherited all of his father’s no bility, axiri to his Celtic wit he has' added the dignity and the gravity of a Spanish don. The Duke is now 63 years olil—So- is Widely known in Eu rope as a diplomat, and he is very proud of his Irish descent. The lineage, although not found in “Burke’s Peer age,” is a notable one. In the reign of James I. Niall Gary O'Donnell was Prince of TyroonneU and Lord of the mountain country of Donegal. He fought against the English and served ' " —» TIIE DUKE OF TETUAN. as a prisoner in the famous Tower of London. It was from a brother of this noted chieftain that the present Span ish Duke descended. One of the Duke’s ancestors was a major in the Austrian army. Tetuan, although on his father’s side an Irishman, belongs on his mother’s side to the l>est Castilian families. Owing to his Irish ances try he has refused the ambassadorship to England. Funny Little Sprigs of Royalty, P The strangely dressed little tots whose pictures appear here are the chil dren of the Princess Marie, of Rou mauia, and their garb is the national or Bayard costume. Prince Caral is 3 years old, and his little sister, Princess Elizabeth Charlotte Josephine Victoria Alexandria, is a year younger. It is hardly neeessai'y to say they are great gx-andchildi-en of Queen Victoria, and Prince Caral is the heir to the Rou manian crown. Armed for Emergencies. When Fridtjof Nansen was a young student he attended a ball and danced with many partners. Returning long after midnight through the streets of his lodgings, lie heard loud outcries from a woman who was struggling i with two ruffians. In another moment the woman broke away from them and ran toward the spot where Nansen was standing. The two men were close be hind her Ln hot pursuit. Nansen was an atlilete full of cour age and vigor, and put himself on guard as the men approached. He al lowed the woman to pass, but called upon the infuriated pursuers to halt, standing directly in their way, and j hitting out first at on<j and then at the | other. The ruffians, angered by this unexpected attack, turned resentfully upon the rescuer, and would have over- j powered him, and possibly have mur- j derod him, if he had not shown presence of mind. Drawing himself i up to his full height and throwing back his coat collar so as to expose the i cotillion favors which he had worn i during the ball, he sternly asked them I if they knew who he was. The two assailants, awed by his manner and supposing him to be a j royal officer, were at once cowed. They apol r'zrd roughly for not recognizing him, aked off in the opposite direction from that which the woman had taken. This incident of Nansen’s youth illus trated at once the fearless courage and the readiness of resource which were to characterize his career as an lu trepid explorer. A Cycle Postal Service. With reference to the utilization of the bicycle for postal service in tlie West Australian gold fields, a cone- , spondent of the St. iir -- --- " L - James’ Budget iu H Sydney, N. S. W„ writes as follows: established in 1594, and ran up to 1896, but is now discon tinued owing to the extension of the government mans to most of the out lying districts. As an interesting me mento of the cycle postal service I beg to inclose for your acceptance one of the stamps used on letters carried by wheelmen.” She Did as She Mas Told. Mistress—l told you half an hour ago to turn on the gas iu the parlor, Brid get. Bridget—Sure an* 1 did, mum; don't ytz smell It?—Tit-Bits. ' DISASTROUS EXPERIMENTS, Trouble Caused by the Importation of Various Pests. Some people out in the States of the far Northwest imported about two years ago a large number of European Dirds of different species and turned them loose. One species, called the blackheaded nightingale, succumbed to its new surround’ugs and has be come extinct. The others have thrived ami multiplied, and now the good peo ple of Oregon and Washington are watching the birds with an Interest boiT of v. desire to see whether they have imported a blessing or a pest. Years ago a cageful of English spar rows was brought to this country and the birds were turned loose in an East ern park. Everybody knows the re sult. The importation of this English pest nas cost the United States millions of dollars, the loss falling principally i upon the cities, where in the great j park systems injurious insects in creased to an extent hitherto unknown, owing to the fact that the sparrow instantly took to a vegetable diet him self and drove away all the native birds who considered noxious insects as rive best possible diet. Dr. Elliot Coues, as far back as 1867, foresaw the result of the sparrow' importation and advised their extermination while extermination was possible. Henry Bergli called Professor Coues a butcher aud wrote a letter against the proposed extermination which was said to be a “model of invective.” Time lias shown that Professor Coues -was in the right, and the day has long since passed when the checking of the spar row pest was a possibility. A few years ago a Massachusetts man imported a few specimens of the beautiful Gypsy moth for “purposes of experiment.” The moth took kindly to the country, and the effort to get rid of him already lias cost the State of Massachusetts $700,000, while the last report of the State Entomologist says that he hopes by the expenditure of SIOO,OOO more to be able to declare that the plague has vanished. Noth ing but the strenuous efforts of the Massachusetts authorities prevented the spread of the insects Into other States. Ten years ago there was imported in to oue of the West India islands, for the purpose of getting rid of the rats, a little animal called the mongoose The mongoose killed a few rats and then ato up all the insect destroying animals, such as toads, frogs, and small, harmless snakes. It also ate all the birds’ eggs and young birds that it could find. The old birds deserted the place in a body The result was that mosquitos, spiders, and flies of the biting kind increased so largely that a great section of the country became uninhabitable. Now the government is spending money to get rid of the mongoose. The truth is that no matter how harmless or even beneficial a bird or a beast may be in its native place its nature may change upon removal to new' surroundings. Once removed they may find food more to their lik ing than that which they ate at home. They instantly change their diet, and their new r provender may be the very thing which th»ir importers wished to save from destruction. Thus the En glish sparrow', largely an insect eater at home, eschewed insects as a staple diet and took to grain during the first year that he w r as given a roosting place in America. Experiments in the line of animal importation for the purposes ; of turning them loose on the country are dangerous. The farmers and hor ticulturists generally w r ill probably have no reason to repine if all the birds recently imported into the Northwest go the way of the dodo. Benedict Arnold’s Horned Horse. A good story comes from Ridgeland, that fine old town in Fairfield County, which lias many residences of wealthy New-Yorkers. The people are proud of the revolutionary history of the place, and one of the residents has a local reputation for his knowledge in that line. The other day some w’ork j men dug up a lot of bones, which were promptly conveyed to the village his torian and “laid on his table.” As the story goes, he adjusted his spectacles, asked as to the precise location where the relics w r ere found, put on his think ing cap and immediately proceeded to remember. After remembering for a few minutes lie distinctly recalled the fact that General Benedict Arnold’s horse was shot under him while the revolutionary war was being fought at that identical spot, and was buried where it fell. The bones now occupy j a showcase in the local museum of liis ; tory in the rear of the village store. But j the horns, which were dug up at the same time, were hurriedly buried again.—Hartford Times. A Pointed Reply. Some little time ago Kaiser Wilhelm ‘vas present at the enrollment of re ; emits for one of his famous regiments of the Guards. He walked along the lines, speaking a w'ord here, asking a ! question there. One recruit was asked: “What would you do if you are on sentry duty aud many people crowd near you?” “I should ask them to go away at j once, your Majesty.” “That’s all well,” said the Kaiser, “but suppose one man stays behind aud makes liiiuself a nuisance to you, what would you say then?” “I should say, ’Don’t make yourself a nuisance,’ your Majesty.” The Emperor roared and said: “Well. I don’t mean to make myself a nui sance,” and so passed on to another isitor.—London Figaro. Turkish Boatmen. The resemblance between the Ven etian gondola aud the Turkish kiak is so stroug as to make it certain that they have a common origin. Take from the gondola the "felse” or hood, and the rostrated stem, and the re- ' tnainder is practically the kiak. It is of all craft of its size the swiftest, the most easy to handle, and the most comfortable, and as a general thing j the Turks are admitted to be the best | oarsmen iu Europe. Plenty of Food. During the present century the food supply of the principal nations has in creased in a much greater ratio than j the population. Improve your time, and you can de pend upon it that time will improve you JTHE FARM AND HOME MATTERS OF INTEREST TO FARM ER AND HOUSEWIFE. Reasons for Objecting to Dehorning Cattle—Care of the Henhouse in Sum mer-Salting the Hay—Use of Ma chinery in Farm Work. Against Dehorning, C. A. M., In Breeder’s Gazette, gives, among seven very good reasons for ob jection to dehorning, the following points: “That dehorned cattle are more troublesome to keep, and wilder, and will gain from 100 to 150 pounds less under otherwise similar conditions than those with horns left on; all of which of the above points he can sub stantiate by actual experiment.” The blood starts from the center (the heart), branches out, similar to a tree, into little brandies, surcharges every part of the body with nutriment, and carries the worn-out matter back, to be ex pelled from the system through the lungs, pores, kidneys, liver and alimen tary tract, the circulation, merging so gradually through the capillaries as to be imperceptible where the arteries end and the veins begin. By mutilating the circulating medium, the normal flow of blood is Interfered with, hampering the process of waste and repair. The forcible dehorning stops the ever com- I ing current of tire blood to that part of the beast which lias been severed, j and keeps thumping, thumping, ever after, during the entire span of life. We may ask anyone that lias had the misfortune of losing a limb, be it only a toe or little finger, and they will tell that they are feeling the limb that has been taken off “10, these many years!” that that feeling has entailed untold suffering, and for which there is but one end, and that is dissolution. To medical men it is well known that the seat of pain is in the brain, the main I nerve center; to them it is known that pain lowers vitality, and lowered vital ! ity lessens the power to resist the In fluence of the pathogenic bacilli. Be cause the dehorned cow eats, drinks and gives some milk, she appears to be in good health, to the superficial ob server; to him the Imperceptible, grad ual deterioration, is not noticed. The Hen House in Summer. In hot weather lice breed very fast and unless they are killed off the hens and young chickens will be covered with lice and lice-eggs, which will pre vent growth. A good method is to take on old iron pot, put a few live coals In the bottom, and set the pot in the mid dle of the hen-house, close the doors and windows, and every large open ing; then pour one pound of sulphur over the coals; smoke the house for two hours; then ventilate it before al lowing the hens to go in. It is best to smoke it in the morning. Strong to bacco smoke will also kill the lice. Af ter smoking, the house should be white washed; add one gill of carbolic acid to every two gallons of wash. If the wash Is strained, it can be put on with the spray-pump. The chicken coops are often filled with lice. Turn them upside down; give them a good spray ing with crude petroleum, and then whitewash the coops inside and out.— The American. Baltins; the Hay. Hay should be hauled in when free from dew; when hay rattles, It Is fit to put into the barn. Clover and timothy hay should be cured In the cock; If left in the swath or windrow too long most all the juices are dried up, ami the liay Is little better than straw. When the hay Is cured so that it feels light upon the fork and rattles In the handling, get It under cover as quick ly as possible. By adding one peck of salt to the ton, sprinkling it evenly over every layer of hay as It is put Into the mow, the hay will cure out very nicely, and when It is fed out, it will come out bright, green and fragrant. The salt not only helps to cure the hay, but it adds weight to It, so that whether the hay Is sold or fed out on the farm, there is economy in salting it. Very weedy hay is much improved by salting It. Pings, rag-weed and weeds of like nature will make very good winter feed for mules, sheep and young stock, by cutting them before the stalk gets woody, curing quickly, and stacking at once, spreading one half bushel of coarse salt to the ton of hay.—The American. Good Corn Crops. I think the corn crop one of the most profitable hoed crops on the farm, but it needs good cultivation. Our method of raising 1s this: We plow our ground in the fall, green sward, and In the spring we cart on a good coat of barn yard manure. Then we spread, and give it a thorough harrowing with a spring tooth harrow. Then we work it with a marker three and one-half feet one way and three feet the other, and use about three hundred pounds super phosphate to the acre in the hills. In this way we have never failed to make a good crop of com, from 125 to 150 baskets to the acre. We follow the corn the next year with oats, and in this way we have not failed to get a | good crop of grass.—Grange Visitor. Machinery in Farm Work. Farm Avork is now everywhere done with much less manual labor than used to be the fact before labor-saving machinery was invented. One man will now do the labor of four or five, and will also generally do it better. Even if it were not so, the difficulty in securing sufficient help AA'ould make the machinery necessary. It Is not certain either that the better care giv en improved Implements on small East ern farms does not make their use pay as well as it does on the large farms of the far West. .Almost all Eastern farmers house their farm Implements | when they are not in use. Even the | grain is not put under shelter at the West, but is rushed from the field to I elevators and stored there. The lack of buildings to shelter improved im plements at the West makes their working life much shorter than it ought j to be.—Mirror and Farmer. Working Butter. The shortest and best direction that I can give is: Don’t. If by working butter you mean working out the but termilk, then I say, don’t take any buttermilk out of the churn with the butter. Wash the buttermilk out be fore the butter is taken from the churn. Stop churning as soon as the butter comes In grains as big as wheat. Draw off all the buttermilk that will drain off. Then wash with cold water, gen tly shaking the churn; draw off this water. Then Avasli again with cold brine. Then finish with cold AA’ater aud let It drain for a feAV minutes. While still in the granular state, re move It to the work table; spread it out and sprinkle salt oA'er it, stirring as you sprinkle. As the salt dissolves, some water will accumulate and run off. Then press the butter Into shape with wooden hands or paddles. Never touch butter with your naked hands. If you use a press for molding, it will ; work out all of the remaining Avater and leave a perfect grain. The Avhole secret lies in stopping the | churn at the right time. Granular but i ter doesn't need to have the buttermilk worked out of it.—Jersey Bulletin. Oatmeal with Water to Drink. The bad effects of drinking clear 1 water in large quantities when the • system is exhausted by heavy work in 1 hot weather may be prevented by put ting a small quantity of sifted oatmeal in the water before drinking it. There Is a great deal of nourishment in the ' oatmeal, and it furnishes something for the stomach to AA'ork on that is quickly digested and soon goes into the circulation. When we AA'ere hard at work in the hay or harvest field A\'e learned to prefer Avater with oatmeal in It to the compounds of lemon juice with water, which, while they AA'ere pleas ing to the palate, did not give the sat isfying feeling in the stomach that a little oatmeal with Avater always gave. This Avas long ago recommended as a mid-day drink for horses ha id at work, and we haA'e found it just as good for people. For a strengthening drink for invalids oatmeal with water is much better than beef tea, whose nutritive value has been greatly exaggerated in popular belief.— American Cultiva -1 tor. Belf-Supportinj; Farm, A farm is self-supporting when enough of the food products are raised for home consumption, and when ■ enough fertilizing material is made and i saved to maintain Its fertility. A eon > dition, which, to us, does not appear to be impossible, of attainment. This - may be done, indirectly, by growing largely for market those crops for which the soli and locality are fitted, and exchanging them for others. At ; present prices, we are able to exchange 5 one acre of potatoes for ninety-three l bushels of com, which as we had an • abundance of coarse fodder in the barn 5 and silo was of more value to us than 1 the same amount of land would have ■ been in corn. We believe such an ex i change is perfectly legitimate, and Is • often to the advantage of the farmer.— • N. E. Fanner. Kill the Plntn Curcnlio. > To destroy the plum curculio is a - difficult task. The common practice • is to Jar the tree suddenly, bringing - the clumsy little insects down upon a i large sheet stretched on light rods, with > a center cross rod. It should be i white, that the insects may be seen at i once and destroyed. Carry it on the left arm and hold It first under one side of the tree and then under the other. To jar the tree without injuring it, many saw off u small limb and strike this projecting stump with a mallet; others pad the mallet, with which the sudden stroke is given Avithout bruis ing the bark. Where but few plum trees are grown, the cheapest AA’ay is to , coop fowls under each tree. Unless the trees stand Avithin a poultry yard hens and chickens will often effectively protect a large plum tree.—Farm Jour nal. Rest the Coavs. It is mot unusual to find a ooav which shows no inclination to dry off at any time after dropping her first oir sec ond calf. Such an animal shows an excellent daily trait—persLsten.ee in the milking habit; but it is doubtful if con tinuous milking Is profitable. Better results are believed to be obtained from ooav's which are inclined to take an an nual rest, if not too long. A month is long enough; three AA'eeks Avill do in most cases, and six AA'eeks should be the longest time encouraged or allowed for a cow to be dry before calving.— Department of Agriculture. Work In the Cornfield, Where there are fifteen to twenty acres In corn and five acres or more in potatoes, or beets, it will pay to have a No. 1 sulky cultivator. The corn can be worked early In the morning, before the de\A T is off the hay, or an ex tra team can be put to work in the barn. Widen out the frame so that the shovels Avill thoroughly stir the soil betAveen the rows at the oue passage, ltun the cultivator teeth shallow and keep the ground mellow and free from crusting over. Durability of Fence Posts. Fence posts of the Avooden kind haA’e least durability in sandy soil which moisture and air alternately penetrate. It might be supposed that very Avet soil, or where the posts stand iu stag nant Avater, AA'ould make them decay more quickly. But In such positions less air comes in contact Avith the wood. When set iu the ground fence posts usually decay first just where tiie post enters the soil, as tills has most changes from Avet to dry, aud gives the air most chance to work on the wood. Charring the surface of the post Avhere it enters the soil greatly increases its durability. Gettin; Rid of Weed*. 1 have foimd it necessary in grass lands to pull or cut out such Aveeds as dock, thistles and the like just about flowering time. __ Land In cultivated crops can be very easily cleared of witch grass and thistles- by the use of the manure fork. This method is very effective and more rapid than one Avould imagine. To reduce the ox-eye daisy, actual experiment shows that frequent plowing, heavy manuring and seeding to grass Avill prove effective. The heavy crop of grass can be cut be fore the Aveed seeds mature—Agricul turist. Cucumber Pickles. The best time to plant cucumbers tc grow pickles is from the Ist to the 15th of July. They Avill make a quick growth, and be much less likely to attacks from the cucumber bug than if planted early. The secret in groiv- Lng cucumber pickles is to keep the vines very closely picked, allowing none to grow much, If any, above two Inches long.