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ft " “'*" '"'' l ““''" m '''''"‘ "™-** I—Steam Shovel and Crew in Culebra Cut. 2—One of the Great Emer*- gency Dams Devised to Protect the Locks. Colon, C. Z.—What of the men who have done the actual digging of the Panama canal? Who are they, whence have they come, how do they live? We all have read a lot about Col onel Goethals, Colonel Sibert, Colonel Gaillard, Colonel Hodges, Colonel Gorgas and a few others of the men who hold the “big jobs.” We know that their immediate subordinates are skillful, energetic young engineers and doctors from the states. But what do w® know about the men who handle the pick and shovel, who run the steam drills, who load the borings with dynamite, who help to fill up and empty the interminable dirt trains ? With the very beginning of the French attempt to dig the canal the labor problem bobbed up as serious, especially in view of the horribly in sanitary conditions on the isthmus. White laborers succumbed rapidly to yellow fever and malaria and it was found that only negroes could with stand even fairly well the diseases and the climate. When Uncle Sam took hold of the big job he had the benefit of the ex perience of the French in this as in other respects, and though he tried a few experiments in the labor field on his own account, it was soon de termined that the actual digging could be done best by negroes. Now there are two islands in the West Indies, both British possessions, which are overflowing with workmen—Jamaica and Barbados. To these islands agents were sent, and soon the colored men began to arrive on the isthmus, ship load after shipload. Many of them brought their wives and children and have become a part of the permanent population of Panama. One other source of labor was drawn upon largely, the north of Spain. There the agents of the com mission found a race of men hardy, eager for work and more intelligent than the negroes. A large number of them were brought over, and though for a time they were troublesome by reason of their disposition to engage in bloody quarrels among themselves, after several had been locked up by the Zone police they learned to be have more like civilized beings. These Spaniards do not mix with the negroes, either in work or socially. They have their own camps and messes. The stewards and cooks at these messes are Europeans and the Spaniards get better meals than the negroes. The food is adapted to their national taste and they receive wine several times a week. For this they pay 40 cents a day—lo cents more than the colored men pay. The Spaniards are considered the best common workmen in the zone. The day laborer on the canal, as a general thing, uses the pick and shovel and does work that calls for no especial skill. But this is not true of all of them. There is a higher grade in which the men do such work as the riveting on the great lock gates and the operating of the busy batteries of steam and compressed air drills that bore the holes for the dynamite blasting. Many negroes who have been on the job for years have graduated up to these better positions. Above them are the bosses of gangs, the conductors of dirt trains, the foremen of dynamite crews, men who hold similar jobs, and they are almost invariably white men because such positions require more independ ence, reliability and intelligence. Up another grade and you come to the superintending, drafting and de signing engineers. These are men from the states with technical educa tion, initiative and often great inven tive genius. To the latter are due a number of most ingenious machines designed to cope with new conditions and to expedite the work. The negro laborer from Jamaica or Barbados is a joy forever. He is in ordinately proud of his British citizen ship, and with some reason, for the British government looks carefully after his welfare in such a case as this, the terms of his contract being supervised, his health guarded and his return, if he desires to return, provided for. The Jamaicans are the aiore intelligent of the two classes, i and often have considerable educa tion. The best of them have found positions as clerkp, stewards and the like. The Barbadians are in the main densely ignorant, but they are a happy lot and as they stream away from the canal to their quarters in the evening they sing, frolic and play practical jokes as though they had not Just completed a day of back breaking labor. They receive an aver age of S3O a month, their meals cost them 30 cents a day and their living quarters almost nothing unless they prefer to rent rooms from outsiders. Then they get the worst of it, for rentals for ordinary rooms, without furniture and conveniences, are ex orbitant. The barracks for laborers provided by the commission are fitted with several tiers of bunks made of canvas slung on iron frames. At reg ular intervals these are taken down and boiled, and such other sanitary measures as are necessary are car ried out with regularity and pre cision. If the laborer is injured or falls ill, there is a dispensary and a doctor close at hand, and if the case is at all serious the patient is sent to the hospital at Ancon or Colon. There he receives free as skilful treatment as money could buy, and there he is kept until he recovers or dies. There is intense rivalry between the Jamaican and the “Bajian-,” for each believes firmly that his island is bigger and better than the other’s, and, incidentally, both believe that both Jamaica and Barbados are larger than Cuba. Their looks of dismay when shown a map of the West In dies are comical to behold. Two things these negroes are exv tremely fond of —religion and rum. And both are rather disastrous to many of them. The insane asylum whose buildings straggle up one slope of Ancon hill is full of them, and acording to the doctors most of them have been brought there by either rum or religion. Every evening in the streets of Panama may be en countered large groups of negroes, listening to the exhortations of some leader, often a woman, and singing with fervor the hymns she intones for them. On other corners are de tachments of the Salvation Army, •working with equal enthusiasm. And in the living quarters and the hos pitals groups will surround some amateur pastor who preaches to them and prays for them. In these ways, when they are not drinking, the ne groes spend much of their leisure time, and as they are impressionable and excitable and ignorant, the re sults are not always good. Pay day in the zone furnishes some interesting scenes. The pay car traverses the railway and at each labor camp or town a long line ol negroes files through It. Each man must present his pay check and identification tag with one hand and In the other hold his hat or cap. Into the latter the cashier shoves the sil ver coins that make up the work man’s monthly stipend. The process is extraordinarily rapid, as it must be for there are many thousands oi laborers to be paid. Up near the summit of Ancon hill is a large patch of ground where no vegetation ever grows. According to tho»legend, an Indian maiden sat there centuries ago and wept bitterly for the fate of her countrymen whom she could see far below toiling under the lashes of the cruel Spaniards. Her salt tears flowed down the hillside and so impregnated the soil that henceforth no vegetation could exist there. If any maiden from Jamaica or Barbados ever sits up there, she need not weep over the lot of her fel low-islanders. Indeed, her smiles at their happy condition might well re store that bit of land to its pristine fertility. Her husband, father or brother is earning more than he ever did before, is living better, and when he returns to his island home may have saved up enough to loaf for a long time under the shade of the sheltering palm. So the real diggers of the car.al, though unhonored and - sung, are well paid, well f-d anu well boused. In their degre, --hey are as fortunate as any others who have found em- I ployment in the zona. WESTERN MINING NEWS IN BRIEF Western Newspaper Union News Service. Trend of Metal Values. Silver $ .59% Lead 4.50 Spelter 5.50 Copper 15.25 Colorado. The drift on the Mountain Top at Ouray is ICO feet in from the tunnel, and the ore streak has averaged SSO in value. Between 575 and GOO tons were sent out in July from the Victor Cripple Creek operated under lease by Price and Osberg. Fifty pounds of placer gold was shipped from Breckenridge to the Denver mint. The largest shipper was the Gulch Dredging Company, with a forty-six-pound lot. A six-ton shipment of ore from the Angel mine at Ouray was packed to the Brown Mountain smelter. If re turns are satisfactory, A. G. Paul says the company will order the work con tinued at the mine. The daily output from the Lower Dead Pine mine on Battle mountain, in the Cripple Creek district, which adjoins the Gold Coin, runs about twenty-five tons, while the grade oi ore is satisfactory. The Elkton Consolidated Gold Min ing Company will pay a dividend of 2 cents a share, aggregating $50,000 on August 23, to stockholders of rec ord August 14. The announcement was made on the Mining exchange board at Colorado Springs. A strike of promise is reported at the Wyoming Valley property, situat ed about 2,000 feet to the east of the Newhouse tunnel portal at Idaho Springs. A body of ore has been un covered that is two feet wide showing assay values of $18.73 a ton in gold and silver. The bondholders of the Trilby Mines Company, represented by George Diehl of Pittsburg, Pa., bought in the two properties of the company, the Ben Harrison and Trilby mines on Bull hill at Cripple Creek for $99,5G9, the amount of the bonds with accrued interest. Norman Haskins of the Rustic, on the Poudre river near the old Man hattan mines, was in Fort Collins and rich strike as gold ore on the Poi-y’.e- f.j Uitsiwace The vein is twenty-:.iff e thick and is rich in gold. Samplers, are being taken to the assayer’s office in Denver; July was a dividend month at Crip ple Creek, stockholders of the several companies receiving $161,185.50, in ad dition to the sums paid the stockhold ers of the close corporations includ ing the Cresson and Strong. That figure does not include leasers’ profits which will run into the thousands. At a meeting at Boulder of the stockholders of the Colorado Tung sten Mines Company, which is the largest firm operating in the eastern end of the big tungsten belt of Boul der county, arrangements were made for resuming operations on the big crosscut tunnel through Mineral hill. The Free America mine on Red Ele phant mountain, one of the best pro ducers of early days in the Idaho Springs district, is the scene of a rich mineral discovery. In the bottom of the sixty-foot shaft a streak of solid ore, ten inches wide, has been uncov ered. and assays show values of 381 ounces a ton. Five directors of the Peerless San Juan Mining Company, owning the Tantalion and other mines at SUver ton, are charged with conspiracy to defraud and with grossly mismanaging the affairs of the Company, by Rows na C. Beaton, a stockholder in the con cern, who brought suit in the District Court for SIOO,OOO damages. New Mexico. The Belt Well people at Dayton must have oil or great prospects of securing a supply, for an immense tank for the storage of the fluid will be erected. The Pecos Valley company has been at work for some days repacking the Brown well. The water in this hole has been entirely shut off from the oil formation and therefore caused considerable trouble in pumping. The Socorro Mining and Milling Company, successors to the Socorro Mines Company, is shipping large quantities of gold and silver bullion. At Silver City last week twenty three bars of this bullion, weighing at least one ton, were shipped. The ore body at the 800-foot level on this company’s property is said to aver age from $25 to. S3O per ton in gold and silver as sent to the mill. Wyoming. Searching parties have given up the hunt for the body of George Bennin ger, an oil prospector who disappeared iu the Conant field, twenty miles south of Riverton July G. That Casper will become the oil-pro ducing center of the United States before the end of the year and that within forty-five days its output will approximate the greatest in America, are the assertions of P. E. Caplane, French capitalist, vice president of the Franco-Wvoining company, after an inspection of the Wyoming fields. The new refinery of the French cor poration will give it an output of 25,- 000 barrels a day. A rich copper strike has been made on Mineral mountain, in southern Car bon county. THE WINSLOW MAIL MARKET QUOTATIONS U fcsle-n Newspaper Union News Service. DENVER MARKETS. Cattle. Beef steers, corn fed, good tp choice . firstname.lastname@example.org Beef steers, corn fed, fair to good email@example.com Beet steers, pulp fed, good to choice firstname.lastname@example.org Beef steers, pulp fed, fair to good email@example.com Beef steers, hay fed good to choice firstname.lastname@example.org Beef steers, hay fed, fair to good email@example.com Heifers, prime, pulp fed firstname.lastname@example.orgG Cows and heifers, pulp fed, good to choice email@example.com Cows and heifers, pulp fed, fair to good firstname.lastname@example.org Cows and heifers, corn fed, good to choice email@example.com Cows and heifers, corn fed, fair to good firstname.lastname@example.orgQ Stock cows email@example.com Veal cows \ firstname.lastname@example.org Bulls email@example.com Stags firstname.lastname@example.org Feeders and stockers, good to choice email@example.com Feeders and stockers, fair to good firstname.lastname@example.orgC Feeders and stockers, com mon to fair 6.00@ 6.50 Hogs. Good hogs email@example.com Sheep Lambs firstname.lastname@example.org Ewes (shorn) email@example.com Yearlings (shorn) firstname.lastname@example.org Wethers email@example.com Hay. (Prices Paid by Denver Jobbers F. O B. Track Denver.) Colorado upland, per ton. .firstname.lastname@example.org Nebraska upland, per email@example.comC Second bottom, Colorado and Nebraska, per ton.. 8.50@ 9.00 Timothy, per ton firstname.lastname@example.orgC Alfalfa, per ton email@example.com South Park, choice, per firstname.lastname@example.orgC San Luis Valley, per ton. .email@example.comC Gunnison Valley, per ton. .firstname.lastname@example.org Straw, per ton 3.75@ 4.0 C Grain. Wheat, choice milling, 100 1b5.... 1.22 Rye, Colo., bulk 100 lbs I.OE Nebraska oats, sacked 1.41 Coin chop, sacked 1.3} Corn, in sack 1.31 Bran, Colo., per 100 ibs I.OC Flour. Standard Colorado, net .... $2.2( Dressed Poultry. Turkeys, fancy D. P 20 @22 Turkeys, old toms 17 @lB Turkeys, choice 15 @l7 Hens, large 15 @l6 Hens, small 12 @l3 Broilers, lb 17 @2O Ducks 16 @IS Geese 13 8 @9 Live Poultry. Hens, large 12 @l3 Hens, small 10 Broilers, lb 17 @l9 Springs 16 @l7 Roosters 7 @ 8 Ducks 10 @l2 Turkeys, 8 lbs. or over ....16 @l7 Geese 9 @lO Eggs. Eggs, graded No 1 net F. O. B. Denver 17% Eggs, graded No. 2 net F. O. B. Denver .09 Eggs, ease count email@example.comC Butter. Elgin 26 % Creameries, ex. Colo., lb. . 29 Creameries, ex. East, lb. .. 29 Creameries, 2d grade, 1b... 26 Process 25 @26 Packing stock 22% Fruit. Apples, Colo., box firstname.lastname@example.org Bananas email@example.comG Blackberries, Colo., crate.. .firstname.lastname@example.org Currants, Colo., crate email@example.com Cantaloupes, Coio., crate.... 3.50 Cherries, Colo firstname.lastname@example.org Peaches, Colo., box email@example.com Plume, Colo firstname.lastname@example.org Raspberries, Colo., crate.... " 2.25 Strawberries, Colo., crate ..email@example.com Vegetables. Cabbage, Colo., cwt firstname.lastname@example.org Tomatoes, Colo., H. H. .. 12% MISCELLANEOUS MARKETS. Lead and Spelter. St. Louis. —Lead Firm; $4.40@ 4.45. Spelter—Steady, $5.50. Chicago Grain and Provision Prices. Chicago.—Wheat—No. 2 red, new, 86%@87c; No. 3 red, new, 85%@86%c; No. 2 hard, new, 86%@87%c; No. 3 hard, new, 86@87c; No. 1 Northern, 91%@92c; No. 2 Northern, 90@filc; No. 3 Northern, 88@90c; No. 2 spring, 90@91c; No. 3 spring, 88@90c; No. 4 spring, 80@87c; velvet chaff, 85%@ 91c; durum, 84@90c. Corn—Nor 2,72 3 / 4@73%5; No. 2 white, 73%c; No. 2 yellow, 73@73%c; No. 3, 72%@72%c; No. 3 white, 73@ 73%c; No. 3 yellow, 72%@73c; No. 4, 72@72%c; No. 4 white, 72@72%c; No. 4 yellow, 72@72%c. Oats —No. 2 new, 40c; No. 2 white, 43@43%c; No. 3 white, new, 41%@ 42c; No. 3 white, old, 41%@42c; No. 4 white, new, 41%@41%c; No. 4 white, old, 41%@41%c; standard, new, 42%@42%c; standard, old, 42%@ 43 %c. Rye—No. 2 new, 61%@62%c. Barley—so @ 65c. Timothy—email@example.com. Pork—s22.oo. Lard—sll.3o. Ribs—firstname.lastname@example.org. Cotton Market. New York. —Cotton Spot quiet. Middling uplands, 12.00; gulf, 12.25. GOOD RESULT OF SUGGESTION Chance Phrases and Ideas That Have Been Utilized and Found to „ Have Real Value. Richard Mansfield told me that when he was a lad in London he often nearly starved. There was a certain bakeshop where he would go and feast upon the odors coming from the door. The boyhood notion gave him the idea of putting those lines in his play. “Beau Brummel," about “dining on the names of things”—a suggestion he used with powerful dramatic es ; feet. i This idea of suggestion has done ! many a good deed. About ninety | years ago a thirsty man walked up | Wall street —I understand the habit of j getting a thirst no longer prevails I there, or maybe it is only the manner of allaying it—and pumped a tincup full of water from his own well. “Not so good as I used to get from my fa ther’s well,” or something to that ef fect he remarked to his wife. “A pret ty idea for a song,” said she, and so he sat down and in an hour wrote “The Old Oaken Bucket.”—Philadel phia Ledger. ITCHING TERRIBLE ON LIMB R. F. D. No. 3, Clarkfield, Minn.— “My trouble was of long standing. It started with some small red and yel low spots about the size of a pin head on my leg and every morning there j was a dry scale on top covering the affected part and when those scales were falling off the itching was more than I could stand at times. The first year I did not mind it so much as it was only itching very badly at times, but the second year it advanced all around my leg and the itching was terrible. I had to be very careful to have my clothing around the affected part very loose. At night time I often happened to scratch the sore in my sleep. Then I had to stand up, get out of bed and walk the floor till the spell ■was over. “I bought lots of salves and tried many different kinds of medicine but without any success. I got a cake of Cuticura Soap and a fifty-cent box of Cuticura Ointment and when I had used them I was nearly over the itch ing. But I kept on with the Cuticura Soap for six weeks and the cure was complete.” (Signed) S. O. Gorden, Nov. 20, 1912. Cuticura Soap and Ointment sold throughout the world. Sample of each free,with 32-p. Skin Book. Address post card “Cuticura, Dept. L, Boston.”—Adv. Changes Her Mind. “I used to think Gus Simpson was a nice young man, nm ■ just hrt® him now.” "Why, what has he done?” “Do tr&ated me shamefully.” “In what way?' “Why, the other evening at a party I said to him: ‘Let’s play the old game of “Questions.” If I say “Yes” or “No” to your questions, I owe you a box of gloves; and if you say “Yes” or “No,” you’ll give me a box.’ ” “Then what?” “Well, after the party he took me home, and all the way there he talked as sweetly as could be about love, and that man should not live alone and all that, and when we got to the front gate he said, ‘Fannie, will you marry me?’ I, of course, answered, ‘Yes,’ in a suppressed voice.” “And what did he do then?” inquired her listener, eagerly. “He just chuckled and said, ‘You’ve lost. Fannie. I take No. 9s. Then laughed with all his might —that’s what he did.” No wonder she hated him! Os Course, the Compositor. An Englishman who had been for a tour round the world was much an noyed with a report of his return whrch appeared in a local paper. This report ended: “His numerous friends are surprised that he is unhanged!” He did not know that the offender was the compositor, who, in setting up the report had omitted a letter “c,” thus substituting the word “un hanged” for “unchanged,” which the reporter had written. Smile on wash da?. That’s when you use Red Cross Bag Blue. Clothes whiter than snow. All grocers. Adv. Speech may sometimes be enigma tic, but silence keeps more people guessing. Mrs. Winslow’s Soothing Syrup for Children teething, softens the gums, reduces inflamma tion,allays pain,cures wind colic,2sc a bottie.Atfv All the world looks down on a man who is no such thing. Here’s Walter Johnson Washington “Nationals " (Ameri can League) one of the speediest pitchers of cither of the Iff refect —lie fHe’s got the head, the arm, the S7s! ginger and the endurance. Coca- " ' Jj “VI yCT \d Cola didn’t give him them; but he says //'ll n 1 I it’s the one best beverage for the athlete in 1 The Successful Thirst-Quencher jjw' I || f THE COCA ’ COLA COMPANY. Atlanta, Ga.' Quick Work. Mamma, on hearing that her sister had received a new little girl, said to Lillian, her young daughter, “Lillian, auntie has a new baby, and now mamma is the baby’s aunt, papa Is the baby's uncle, and you are her little cousin.” “Well,” said Lillian, wonderingly, “wasn’t that arranged quick?” WOMAN TOOK FRIEND’S ADVISE And Found Health in Lydia £. Pinkham’s Vegetable Compound. Windom, Kansas. “I had a displace ment which caused bladder trouble and I waj3 so miserable !':T "/v - I didn’t know what '=•" to c *°* * suffered ••• from bearing down Hljiijr" §pji| me, I was nervous, ; A zf, • dizzy and irregular liiliitjll-y - ift|j| and had female I . weakness. I spent money on doctors but got worse all “A friend told me about the Pinkham remedies and I took Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegetable Com pound and was cured. I cannot praise your remedies enough for I know I never would have been well if I had not taken it.”—Miss Mary A. Horner, Route No. 2, Box 41, Windom, Kansas. Consider Well This Advice. ’ No woman suffering from any form of female troubles Bhould lose hope un til she has given Lydia E. Pinkham’a Vegetable Compound a fair trial. This famous remedy, the medicinal in gredients of which are derived from native roots and herbs, has for nearly forty years proved to be a most valua ble tonic and invigorator of the fe male organism. Women everywhere bear willing testimony to the wonderful virtue of Lydia E. Pinkham’s Vegeta ble Compound. If you want special advice write to Lydia E. Pinkham Medicine Co. (confi dential) Lynn, Mass. Yonr letter will be opened, road and answered by a Woman and held in strict confidence. Constipation Vanishes Forever Prompt Relief— * ~ ura CARTER’S LIVER PILI c »X. fail. vegeta- ' ;=P act surely CARTERS j the liver. !Sp mrn I Stop after I dinner dis- || PILLS, j tress—cure I improve the complexion, brighten the eyes. SMALL PILL, SMALL DOSE, SMALL PRICE. Genuine must bear Signature sras 9 HAROLD SOMERS, 150 DeXalb Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. "HAYNOX” The new discovery which has produced remarkable results In ljay l'ever. Gives Instant relief and a lasting cure. Different from anything else ever sold. lIAVNOX has proved that Hay Fever one* cured does not return, not even the least signs of it. By the use of Haynox you can say good-bye to Hay Fever forever. Write for full particulars atones. HAYNOX CO., 115 Main St., Birmingham, Michigan BARNES COMMERCIAL SCHOOL Thorough Business Courses. Over 500 positions filled yearly. Fall term opens Sept. 2nd. For 52 page catalog mailed free, address 1615 CHAMPA ST., DENVER, COLO. PARKER’S zWmMtm HAIR BALSAM toilet preparation of merit. raS Helps to eradicate dandruff. For Restoring Color and - WSsSßeauty to Gray or l aded Hair. 50c. and SI.OO at Druggists. AGENTS WANTED CIE VICCVI Y easily made as our Sales Rep ?«v nCCnLI resentative for automobile supplies and devices. No experience necessary. Exclusive territory to wide awake salesmen. Hconomy Auto Supply House,oosCrilly Bldg.,Chicago W. N. U., DENVER, NO. 33-1913.