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Chemistry In Relation To Health and Disease (By LOIS GARVER) For many centuries the import ance of medicine has been realized. Even the savage, limited as his knowledge is, sets store in some thing which takes the place of our medicine. Scientific medicine had its beginning among the Greeks during the fifth and sixth centur ies. From them came down the first conception of medicine. Later on, the Arabians began to develop this science. They established a new pharmacy, and their work re sulted in what we recognize now as chemical processes. In this crude science of theirs, the first ■seeds were sown for modern chemistry. .But how inaequate was the knowledge of chemistry then, and how inadequate it continued to be, until the chemistry of today was placed in the foreground of our rc ; ent : fic world. Today, physio* all over the world are looking with increased attention to this wondei’- ful science. They are regarding it as the solution or the tremend ous problems which are constant ly confronting them. The chemist alone, however, can do very little. When it be-, came known during the recent war that poisonous gas was to constitute an important munition, our country called to its service a great group of its ablest re search chemists to provide effici ent means of defense and to solve those problems of production which would provide our field forces with an ample supply of this new weapon. But these chemists found that they alone were inadequate for the task. To their staff was added pharmacol ogists and experimental patholo gists. Through the combined ef forts of these groups, working in closest association, and pi*o vided with ample facilities for research, results were accomplish ed with a speed and certainty that amazed all. The paths to agencies for both defense and of fense were clearly pointed out and large scale production quick ly followed. Is there no valuable lesson for peace in the mighty and success ful effort in the making of war? Is there not another battle con santly to be fought—the battle against disease ? While war claims its sacrifice in millions of lives, disease each year claims its tens of millions. And what a host of wounded do we have in this destructive war of peace— men, women, and children who suffer, often longing for death as a relief, their efficiency crippled, and their future on earth becloud ed.. Is net the battle against dis- There is one thing at a party Always makes the guests eat hearty. In the center of the spread, Put a stack of Fruit-Ola-Nut bread. IDEAL BAKERY For Sale At 615 Kinsley Avenue Dwelling House and In come Court Property, consisting of sleeping room cot tages on lot 60 x 142 feet. Dwel ling and cottages completely furnished. Large rooms and closets; built-in lavatory and toilet in each room. Property individual estate; clear deed given. $4,000 WILL HANDLE Balance $2,000; total $6,000, or $5,000 less than cost of proprty and improvements three years ago when new. Take off your hat and walk in. Cause for sale: Am unable to handle, as my home is broken up by divorce and I want to get away. For inspection of property call room 4, 615 Kinsley avenue, or write, H. A. COBLE Box 281, Winslow, Arizona Hall’s Catarrh MArii/'infi Will do what we IYICUIUIIC claim for it __ rld /our system of Catarrh or Deaf ness caused by Catarrh. Sold by druggists for over 40 years. F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, Ohio ease much more imperative in its call than -the battle of man to man ? Several centuries ago, the chem ist and the physician cooperated closely for the alleviation of suf fering; the chief aim of chemistry in these days was the providing of medicinals for the use of the physician. Then for a while, the chemist and the physician sep arated each turning his attention in different directions. Later the physician turned back somewhat to his former aid, and found some useful substances awaiting him. For instance, ether had been discovered in the thirteenth century, but its value as an an aesthetic was not definitely recog nized until 1846. During the in tervening five or six hundred vears, untold suffering resulted from lack of knowledge of its ap plication in ni’oducing insensitive j ness to pain. Thus was the case | in so many instances, i There has been a return to the ; earlier views as to the relation of ■ chemistry to medicine. Each hu man body is now recognized to be a chemical factory in which the most complicated chemical and physical changes are contin ually taking place. When these reactions are normal from day to day, we are in good health. When they are not normal, dis ease is the direct result. It is not surprising that lead ing medical schools are increas ing two and three fold the pre paration in these fundamental sciences and especially in chemis try, demanded in students for ad mission to their classes; it is not surprising that pioneer medical, men, engaged in research, are returning in numbers to the uni versities to study more chemistry and physics as they find them absolutely essential to the proper development of their investiga tions. It is simply the recogni tion of the fact that life has its abode in a highly complex labor atory, controlled by chemistry and physics. Let us now turn to the way in which chemistry tackles the prob lem of disease. There are three lines of attack. First, the pre paration of the specific medica ment for the cure or relief of the specific disease. Secondly, the isolation, study, and if necessary, the artificial prepai’ation of pure organic principles of secretions of the body organs, of which a deficiency or excess would cause disease. And thirdly, the com plete analysis of the constituents of our body cells, together with the analysis of the components of our foods, so that we may have complete knowledge of the body in health and of what it needs to presei*ve health. Now we shall turn to the pro mise contained in many substanc es discovered by the scientist. Take for instance cocaine, a white crystalline substance like salt or solution on the tongue, eyelid, or injected unde# the skin, was found to suppress locally all sen sation of pain. But it has three defects; its rareness, the difficul- ■ ty in sterilizing it andd the fact that it is deadly poison. Several fatalities resulted fr m the use of cocaine, whereupon the chemist began to analyze it to determine the specific content of a mole cule of cocaine. He found that only a third of the molecule of cocaine was effective, whereupon he set to work to improve on na ture. As a result we have a number of artificial local anaes thetics such as procaine, beta-en raine, apothesine, etc., all better t’ an cocaine, because they are less poisonous. The extent to which they are being used in sur gery is growing very rapidly, and they hold out to man the possibil ity of some of the greatest ad vances in the future of this field, even to their use i n major oper ations. We have here, a real tri umph in the chemical world. Al ready this successful effort has been the greatest blessing to thousands of sufferers. Another rather recent, and in many respects a most important instance of this kind, is the spe cific remedy used with much suc cess in the treatment of leprosy. This remedy is derived from chaulmoogra oil, which is an ir ritating nauseating natural pro duct, used for perhaps sixty years in India in the treatment of lep rosy. Even in those days of un certain quality and uncertain method of administration the oil proved its usefulness, but a pos itive advance in the successful treatment of the disease was made chemistry from the nauseating na tural product of clean, pure acids which were combined with ethyl alcohol, and thus formed a new drug which could be used hypo dermically. In a recent publica tion, seventy-eight cases of ap parent cure by this improved drug have been reported. While even greater improvement in the medicament is looked for, we have already an effective remedy for one of the most hopeless of cooperation of medicine and chem istry. Improvements of other natural drugs have similarly been ac complished. Atropine as used by the oculist, puts the eyes out of commission for two or three days —the chemist has supplied hom otronine for the busy man, reduc ing the effect to two or three hours. Morphine with its blessed power of pain alleviation, carries the curse of a habit forming drug. Chemistry found with morphine, th® drufr codeine, also in opium whose effects resemble those of morphine extent that it is very ™’wh less likely to produce habit There is little codeine in opium. b’it acain r l '“mistry easily con- morphine into codeine giving: mankind an ample sunplv +v.o Vlessed sedative shorn of its curse. c+nrlir nf r>Hior natur al medicaments should be pursued with great intensity. There is every reason to believ e that a modification of quinine can ulti mately be prepared which will be a specific cure of pneumonia. One modification, optochin, is already known to be a specific factor for killing pneumococcus germs in a glass vessel, and is used success fully in • external pneumococcus infections as of the eye, but it is still too poisonous to be used in sufficient strength in the blood to combat the hosts of invading germs in pneumonia itself. No greater blessing could be granted mankind than the discovery of such a specific, as pneumonia is one of the two diseases responsi ble for the greatest loss of life in the world. The tragedy of the situation is the tremendous waste of life, whilo the preparation of such a specific is being looked for. In the field of hypnotics, used to produce sleep, and allay nerv ous excitement constructive chem istry has advanced for its cam paign toward complete conquest. The advance has been made from the earlier and cometimes dan gerous hypnotics, chloral and its derivatives, which are very close ly related to products formed na turally in the body, and produce sleep with a minimum of disturb ance and risk to the system. Lu minal is claimed to be a specific to relieve, indeed to prevent, the seizures of epilepsy. The im portance of this invention of mod ern chemistry was revealed dur ing the war years when exhaus tion of our supplies of the drug brought in its wake, pathetic ap peals from nerve specialists, hos pitals, patients, and parents. An other disease for which a speci fic chemical cure has been found is that caused by the hookworm, affecting over a hundred millions throughout the world, and wide spread in our own Southern States. It is one of the most weakening of diseases. The chem ical thymal, in conjunction with chenopodium has been found to be a very effective agent in the cure of hookworm, but again it is confidently expected that some modification of thymal could be elaborated by synthetic chemistry which could be even more effi cient, and would lead ultimately to the complete elimination of this disease from our country. Angina pectoris is a dreadful disease of the heart. For many years, the victims of this disease suffered untold agony. Near the end of the nineteenth century, it was discovered that amyl nitrate furnished instant and practically complete relief. There are tens of thousands of people in the Here It Comes! Here Starting Tomorrow for 5 Days Five days of entertainment —afternoon and evening programs featuring all-star tal ent in a wide variety of offerings; musical comedy, comedy-drama, lectures, musical novelties and concerts. DON'T MISS A ONE OF THESE BIG PRESENTATIONS A saving of more than one half is offered to holders of season tickets Single Admission 50c -75 c - SI.OO Get A Season Ticket NOW! THE WINSLOW MAIL United States alone, afflicted with this dread disease of the heart, to whom amyl nitrate is a bless ing indeed. Adrenalin is another drug pos sessing extraordinary value. In ! jected hypodermically it allays ; within a few minutes the spasms jof acute bronchial asthma. It Is | also used for a quick arrest of | hemorrhage of a capillary or small arterial character. Its ac tion upon the heart is also re markable. Injected in away as to provide for slow and gradual absorption, it is a great factor in successfully preparing old or weakened patients for operations, fortifying the heart against the danger of shock and failure. Os equally great value is the injec tion of adrenalin (Epinephrine) in this manner in the treatment of pneumonia. Used from the earliest stages, it reduces the danger of death from heart fail ure to such an extent that emi nent physicians with its aid, feel safe in depending on the normal resistence of the body to effect a cure of this dangerous disease, thus avoiding the dangers of an titoxin injections. These discov eries of today emphasize the vi tal importance of exhaustive in vestigation by the joint efforts of the chemist, and the physician. More recently Dr. E. C. Kendall, of the Mayo Foundation, has iso lated thyroxin, the crystalline ac tive principle of the thyroid gland, which regulated the meta bolism (th e combustion of our food) of the body. This princi ple is so tremendously active that an occasional dose of a fraction of a milligram (a minute frac tion of a grain) is able to cure cretinism, a condition of stunted growth of body and mind, and myxedema, a similar condition de velopng in adults. Th e artificial preparation of thyroxin is only a question of time and effort, and one more outpost of the bulwarks of life will have been conquered by the chemist. The accomplishments of chem ists and physicians in combination have been great, but there is yet a large field to cover. May the day come w’hen the lesson of the power of cooperative scientific endeavor, so effectively utilized in the Chemical Warfare Service or ganization, may be applied with equal success to the solution of the problems of disease and health. If such work is to be successfully earned on in our midst, it must be through the practical idealism of America, -which can here find abundant outlet in providing such condi tions as will direct the future en ergies of chemistry in America t The Barn Dance * * —— 4* + By D. MAITLAND BUSHBY * “The Desert Poet” •*■ Can’t yo head dem banjoes strum min’ Don’t yo feet jes shivah t’ go? Well, cleahs Brothah Rasmus clap pin’. An’ heah cums dat ol’ fiddlin’ Jo. Oh Hon, jes let yo feet prance ’roun’, How cum yo stan’ deah lookin’ ’bout When de bes music in dis heah town Is playin’ de bes jazz dats out? Yah, ah reckoned yo’d change yo min’ Jes put yo little ban’ in min’, An’ put yo feet rite on dat line. All set, cum on les step her fine. Dats de stuff, now ain’t it jes gran’? Roun’ we goes, yo bettah hoi’ tight, Kin yo dance, say, ah’d tell a man. Gal, ah sbo am feelin’ jes rite. Shaw now, wudn’t dat beat yo huh, Dey says it am time to go hum, Ah’s jes a’warmin’ up, yes suh, We sho been struttin’ Sugar Plum, An’ ah don’t crave to stop a’tall. Deah, Ol’ Jo hes stop, we’s all done. Say! Listen to dat roostah squall, An’ look! Sho nus, deah cums de sun. to this greatest blessing to man kind —a blessing which will not be confined to its own borders, but which will stretch out its helping hands to all suffering humanity. —An essay, which won second prize in the contest, offered by the Amer can Chemical Society. Miss Garver is a student of the Winslow High School and she will receive as a prize a Certificate of Merit and two volumes of “Chemistry and Indus try,” to be presented to her at com mencement. Renew Your Health By Purification Any physician will tell you that “Perfect Purification of the Sys tem is Nature’s Foundation of Perfect Health.” Why not rid yourself of chronic ailments that are undermining your vitality? Purify your entire system by tak ing a thorough course of Calotab3, —once or twice a week for several weeks—and see how Nature re wards you with health. Calotabs are the greatest of all system purifiers. Get a family package with full directions. On ly 35 cts. at drugstores. (Adv). BOULDER DAM BILL AMENDMENTS O. K’D. BY UPPER STATES SANTA FE, New Mex.—Amend ments to the Boulder Dam bill, now pending in congress, which are be lieved to fully protect the interests of the upper states, were adopted at the upper states conference at Denver, said Attorney General Fred E. Wilson, when he returned. The object of several amendments is to provide that the Colorado compact will control the distribut ing of water if the bill passes. Appropriation of $250,000 out of the $125,000,000 Colorado river fund is provided also to enable the sec retary of the interior to make in vestigations to determine the feasi bility of irrigation and power pro jects in New Mexico, Colorado, Wy oming and Utah, the upper states. The use of water for power is made subservient to irrigation. The conferees go to Washington next week to lay their amendments before congress. INSURANCE A Watch Dog Over Your Financial Destiny A Life Saver When Help is Needed Most It is useless to lock the stable door after the horse is stolen. And it is too late to insure after the dis aster has happened. “It might not happen to you”—but the se curity and peace of mind offered by Insur ance is worth much more than its nominal cost. “All The Time Is Insurance Time—But When You Buy Insurance, Buy The Best.” FIRST NATIONAL INSURANCE AGENCY R. C. KAUFMAN, Manager FRIDAY, APRIL 9, 1926 Coming April 21-22 Dr. H. W. Swigert, Arizona’s Opto metrist will be in Winslow on his return trip Wednesday and Thurs day, April 21st and 22nd. Your prospects of getting good glasses are never better than when we examine your eyes. For a quar ter of a century we have been rend ering conscientious optical service to the people of Arizona. It "will pay you to have us examine your eyes, the modern scientific way and your glasses ground by experts. Winslow Hotel WEDNESDAY AND THURSDAY April 21st and 22nd The Swigert Bros. Optical Co. Estab. in Arizona 1902 1550 California St., Denver COI9.