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VOLUME 35 OLD HOPI INDIAN MUSIC TO BE SAVED FOR FUTURE DAYS ON PHONOGRAPH RECORDS BY SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION WASHINGTON The wierd strains of Hopi Indian music is to be preserved for future generations by Smithsonian Institute. Dr. J. Walter Fewkes, chief of— he institution’s ethnology bureau, ias gone to Arizona, where live the few surviving members of the ancient tribe of Hopi, to record the Indian music on phonograph rec ords. Few r kes is also studying music from the ethnological standpoint which may disclose valuable infor mation as to the relationship of the Hopis to other peoples who have come down to the modern era from prehistoric days before the dawn of history. For five years between 1890 and 1895, Fewkes lived with the Hopis, studying their language, customs and beliefs. The Smithsonian scien tist holds the distinction of having been the first white man to be in itiated into the famous snake dance of the tribe. Music is an attribute of all na ture, no group of men and women from the lowest savage to the high est civilized man being destitute of the musical sense and a capacity for harmonious expression, accord ing to Fewkes. He pointed out that music differs among the various tribes and therefore occupies a prominent place in the scientific study of man and his work. “The music of the American In dian is worthy of the highest ap preciation as an expression of In dian culture," Fewkes said before leaving for Arizona. ‘‘No tribe of Indians sing a great er variety of songs than those of out southwest and none preserves a more archaic form than the Hopi of Arizona. When we listen to their songs we hear the music of the ancient cliff dwellers trans mitted from generation to genera tion from a remote past to the pres ent time. “The bureau of American ethnol ogy of Smithsonian has been en gaged for many years in rescuing from oblivion the various survivals of Indian life, in the course of which it has recorded much of the native music of aborigines. “It also lends its aid and sym pathy to every effort to preserve the surviving relics as well as the music of the cliff dwellers.” According to Fewkes the Hopi sing on every occasion where they exhibit their natural characteris tics or are NOT hampered by out side influences. The girls who grind their corn on primitive mill stones, sing in rythm to the primi tive music in so doing. The boys have appropriate melodies when they hunt the rabbits and other game. “Mothers sing their lullabies as they put their babies to sleep in the primitive cradles of cliff dweller form,” Fewkes said. “The songs of the war parties have NOW been hushed but they are still known to aged warriors. The canyons of the cliff dwellers NO longer resound to their war cries, although at times these war songs are chanted in wierd rites of ancient peoples.” Fewkes said that the Hopi relig ious ceremonies are marked with beautiful and archaic melodies. Many of their songs are prayers for rain, since the Hopi tribe is agricultural in pursuits, depending for food on the production of arid southwestern farms. “In several of the songs by mask ed dancers called katchinas we listen to ancient melodies of great antiquity, the very origin of which is so remote that it has given them increased power to make the rains fall and the crops grow, according to the Hopi belief,” Fewkes said. “They often recount ancient his tory of the clans and deeds of the gods, w r ho have befriended their an cients. Many songs believed to be born in the mythological under world before man came to the sur face are on that account consid ered sacred and are never sung save in a reverential manner and prayerful attitude. They may often be so old that the meaning of their words is unknown, and we have in them the expression of a remote racial antiquity.” Arizona Delegation Attends Middle West Conference on Roads KANSAS CITY One hundred fifty delegates to the National Old Trails association, a pioneer good roads organization, voted last Fri day to maintain its organization even though the government has taken over the marking of cross country highways. Arousing of public sentiment for improved highways was declared to be the program henceforth. Judge Harry S. Truman, of Kansas City, was elected president, to succeed the late Judge J. M. Lowe, founder of the organization. State vice-presidents elected in cluded: New Mexico lan MacTavish, Magdalena, and Gearge Keith, So corro. Arizona—Tobias Younis, Concho, and J. Patterson, St. Johns. California—J. B. Gill, San Ber nardino, and R. S. Crane, Victor ville. The Winslow Mail OFFICIAL ORGAN OF CITY OF WINSLOW AND ARIZONA LIVE STOCK SANITARY BOARD Auto Registration Shows Big Gain Six Months Period PHOENIX Arizona’s automo bile population is growing by leaps and bounds, it is indicated in a re port made by Secretary of State James H. Kerby, covering the first six months of 1926. The report shows that 64,165 cars had been registered in the state, during the first six months of the present year, as compared to a to tal registration in 1925 of 68,029 autos. As compared to the first six months of 1925, the number of reg istrations during the same period of the present year exceeds by 4,356 cars the 59,809 cars registered dur ing the first six mouths’ period of 1925. Should this ratio of increase continue, the secretary explains, Arizona will, on January 1, 1927, have approximately 10,000 more au tomobiles than last year. As evidence of the prosperity now abounding in Phoenix and the Salt River valley, the figures re leased show that there are now 25,- 680 automobiles registered in Mari copa county, as compared to a total of 24,889 for the entire year of 1925. This is an increase of 791 cars, during the first six months of 1926, or an average of approximate ly 132 cars a month. Fees Are Greater Fees collected during the first six months of 1926, the report shows, total $389,620. During the same period a year ago, the fees amounted to $371,188.. Total fees for 1925 were $402,404. Reports on number of cars, by counties, for the entire year of 1925 as compared to the first six months of 1926, follows: Jan. 1 to Total June 30, 1925 1926 Apache 620 640 Cochise 7,402 6,848 Coconino 1,946 1,768 Gila 5,803 4,137 Graham 1,580 1,412 Greenlee 991 943 Maricopa 24,889 25,680 Mohave 1,117 1,075 Navajo 1,867 1,479 Pima 8,000 7,837 Pinal 2,953 2,468 Santa Cruz 1,363 1,231 Yavapai 5,702 5,206 Yuma 3,796 3,441 Totals 68,029 64,165 Maricopa county with an increase during the first six months of the present year, of 791 automobiles, over the entire year of 1925, and Apache county, with an increase of 20 cars, are the only two counties in the state which have already ex ceeded their 1925 totals. U. S. TO CHECK ARIZONA BIRTH, DEATH RECORDS PHOENIX A survey of vital statistics regulations in Arizona has been inaugurated by the de partment of commerce at Washing ton to ascertain the efficiency of these laws with the view in mind of extending federal co-operation in this state, it was announced from the office of the state super intendent of health this morning To this end the department of commerce is mailing to all persons in the state served by the post office department two cards, one of which is to be used in record ing any deaths occuring within that household during the past 12 months and the second to be used in recording any birth occuring during this period. These cards, it was explained, are to be used as the basis in de termining the efficiency of the existing state regulations. If tab ulated returns show that the state regulations are 90 per cent effect ive, federal co-operation of the di vision of vital statistics will be extended, it was explained. At present, Arizona is one of the three states to which the depart ment of commerce, division of vi tal statistics, has not extended co operation. The other two are Ne vada and South Dakota. Hearing to Decide Rail Abandonment PHOENIX Final hearing of the application of the New Mexico & Arizona railway and the South ern Pacific to abandon 15.661 miles of track, lying between Fairbanks and Benson, will be held before the Arizona Corporation Commission in a few days. :—o A CORRECTION Last week’s issue of The Wins low Mail had an item to the effect that Carrie G. Morris had been granted a divorce from Ed L. Mor ris, by Judge J. E. Crosby, the item should have read that the di vorce was granted on Wednesday, June 23rd, 1926. WINSLOW, NAVAJO COUNTY, ARIZONA, FRIDAY, JULY 30,1926 lllj mi sgi fl|i —NEA, Chicago Bureau The Rev. J. Frank Norris of Fort Worth, Texas, is at liberty under SIO,OOO bond following the slaying of D. E. Chipps, wealthy lumberman. Chipps called at the minister’s study to remonstrate with him for his at tacks on the mayor of Fort Worth. Dr. Norris said he shot when Chipps threatened his life. Drunk Driver Given Extreme Penalty PHOENIX The city’s drunk and-driving ordinance was applied to full effect in City Magistrate Hugh Callahan’s court when it was proved that Jose Anaya operated an automobile while intoxicated and smashed into a new car at the cor ner of Centeral avenue and Madi son street, Sunday. Anaya was sentenced to 30 days in jail, fined SIOO, and his driver’s license re voked. The Hopi Snake Dance A Native Hopi Missionary As the date of the famous Hopi Snake Dance i s drawing near, in terest in that wierd ceremony—as the White Man sees it—is center ing on Northern Arizona. Much has been said and written about the snake dance, which an nually attracts thousands of tour ists to the Hopi reservation, reach ed through higlrways leading out of Winslow. So far, however, there has been nothing said, or written on the Christianized Indian’s side of it, and the following article by a native-born Hopi Indian, bearing on this phase of the ceremony, should prove of more than passing interest to the White Man—espe cially those interested in Chris The time is fast approaching when the Hopi Indian snake dance will take place, and doubtless many of our civilized friends are anticipating visiting the reservation to view the ceremonies. This ceremony has been an annual affair on the reservation since the Snake Clan settled here genera tions ago, the exact date being unknown to the present generation. The annual migration of white tourists to this heathen and paganistic ceremony has been studied by the writer for the past six years quite thoroughly, and it is after this systematic study of the situation that he has been prompted to set down a few of the things which every citizen of the country should think over. First, let us view briefly the Government’s activities in educational lines among In dians. This immense program viewed alone only from the educatonial standpoint has been a tremendous undertaking itself. This great task at first only consisted in getting the Indian to learn to speak the English language. Then the learning of trades fol lowed until at the present time the whole •Government Indian work is so organized that every phase is covered —farming, stock raising, health conditions, land matters, de termination of heirs of deceased Indians and numerous others. All these activities re quire an annual expenditure of thousands and thousands of dollars. Permanent schools throughout the country are functioning effi ciently where the Indian youth is placed in well-trained hands from which he later emerges prepared to take his stand as a citizen of this great country if the conditions which he steps into are favorable. Every true and staunch citizen of our thinking citizen—owes it to him self to take time and think over the Indian problem in which this whole country has a part. Every tax-payer is a permanent con tributor to this work and shares in the eco nomic investment that the Government has in every Indian educated in its schools. Ev ery thinking investor expects some sort of a return from his investment and strain every effort to make the return double-fold. No one can conscientiously deny that the best work among Indians has been done by the Government and missionaries. True, the work is slow, but has proven in the end to be lasting, which proves that anything of a permanent nature is slow in process but its foundation solid which gives it permanency. It has been the experience of those working with Indians on the different reservations that too frequently this constructive work has been torn down out of curiosity by visit ing tourists who apparently come on the reservations with no desire to assist their Government in elevating the race or in get ting the race on an equal level with their standard. Too often, too, these visitors con sist of men high in public life, scientists, politicians and people interested along phil anthropic lines. The majority of them try (and sometimes they succeed) to get the In dians to believe that they are their best and true friends, interested in their welfare and advise them to continue to live their lives in their primitive state. They come on the reservation only to be entertained by In- Slayer of Parker Believed Escaped From Florence Pen TUCSON There is a possibility that the Mexican named Cruz, whose dead body was found by a posse Monday afternoon several miles from the ranch where Lon Parker, U. S. boruer patrolman, was found fatally wounded Sunday afternoon, is an escaped .convict from the state prison at Florence. Walter Miller, of border patrol headquarters here said. The’ finding of the body of the smuggler beside that of his dead horse, loaded with 2o gallons of contraband mescal, leads the offi cers to believe that Parker was shot first by the Mexican and then, returning the fire, killed the rum runner and his mount. After the shooting, it is evident that Parker rode back to the ranch, to collapse there and pass away within a minute after he was found by the returning ranchman. Cruz was known to the officers as a professional smuggler, Miller said. o Arizona Assured of Farm Bureau Meet RENO, Nev. Range livestock questions .state and national trans portation, particularly as it affects the west and taxation problems as farm bureau projects in states, oc cupied the attention of the dele gates to the regional farm bureau conference in this city. Arizona and Utah have both made bids for the 1927 conference but it is likely to go to the former place, as that state has not yet entertain ed' the conference and a majority of the delegates seem to feel it is en titled to the convention, Utah hav ing had it two years. tianizing the Indians and bringing them to the White Man’s ways. The author of the accompanying article was born on the reservation where he remained until he was 14 years of age, attending school on the reservation. At this age he entered the Government Indian College at Grand Junction, Colo rado, where he graduated and for 15 years thereafter he was in gov ernment clerical work. Listening to the call of the need for mission aries to work among his people he went to Bible Institute in Los An geles, preparing for this work, and for the last two years has been de livering lectures on the subject of Christianizing the American Indian. A few months ago the author re dians in their heathen, idolatrous and pag anistic ceremonies and do not hesitate in telling the Indians that their ceremonies are fascinating, full of grandeur and just as rev erent before some being to receive recogni tion. When a seemingly interested tourist so presents himself, or herself, to an unedu cated and ignorant Indian, he knows very well that he has not the genuine, interest of the Indian at heart. All he is interested in is getting the Indian to make a public mon key for the entertainment of such tourist. Genuine interest in any set of people does not ripen overnight. Now, Mr. Taxpayer, just how much inter ested are you in the welfare of your coun ty, state and Government? Without a doubt every time you receive your tax receipt you wonder if the hard-earned money you just paid is going to be spent wisely and for a 'constructive purpose. Just remember that a portion of this goes towards the In 7 dian work of our great nation to “solve,” if possible, the Indian question. You can rest assured that this nation will use this money intrusted to it in a judicious manner. Are you willing to help your own Government in its efforts, or are you just a “mock” citi zen who runs out to the reservation every time the snake dance is on and by'this act retard the efforts of your Government in its best motives? You have a sacred duty to perform in getting the Indian out of Dark ness into Light. Without a question you “kick” every time you are forced to pay your taxes. Well, then, why don’t you overcome this “kick” by discouraging heathenism among Indians and thereby coming that much sooner to having the Indian on your level, paying his taxes just like you are yours. True, occasionally those who are employed in the educational and industrial program of the Indian are the most conspi cuous at these degrading and demoralizing ceremonies, and this may be due to the fact that the Indian himself has thought that his presence is essential for obvious reasons. The present mode of dress of our civiliz ed white female visitors is another new in troduction into civilization as well as bobbed hair and cigarette smoking. I am not a prophet nor a prophet’s son, but it will not surprise me that the time is not far distant when a firm stand against such costume and habits will be taken by the Indians and all females coming in such costume, with cig arettes in their mouths and using language unbecoming that of a lady, will not be per mitted at their dances. And so in the final analysis, much of the constructive work of the Government is be ing retarded by the people who make up this Government. To quote Hon. Hubert Work, Secretary of the Interior, let me say that he said: “I deprecate as ill-advised the atti tude of those who would detain the Indian in his primitive state, and who w f ou!d idly spy on his religious festivals or exhibit his ceremonies to the curious for a fee.” Just how much do you think of your own Government? It is doing a great and an ex cellent work in training its wards, and cer tainly deserves your loyal support. The education we receive at its hands is good, but listen—Education without Christ is a menace. 4*4*4*4 , 4’4*4 , 4 , 4*4‘4• 4* 4* 4* 4* * CROSS CROSSINGS * 4* CAUTIOUSLY * 4* •*« 4* The Atchison, Topeka and 4> 4* Santa Fe Railroad has issued 4* 4* a timely booklet—a booklet of 4* 4* the kind that is always timely 4" 4* —and bears the name, “Be 4* 4* Careful, Cross Crossings Cau- 4 1 4* tiously.” On the first page it 4* 4* gives “Ten Commandments,” 4* 4* which if observed, would re- 4* 4* duce accidents and deaths at 4" 4* railroad crossings. The sec- 4* 4* ond commandment, an import- 4* 4* ant one, is, “Thou shalt look 4* 4* both ways and listen for 4* 4* trains.” The third one is, 4* 4* “Thou shalt be doubly alert if 4* 4° there are two or more tracks.” 4* 4* The observance of these two 4* 4* alone would prevent the great 4" 4* majority of accidents at cross- 4* 4* ings. 4* 4* Each week, for a few weeks, 4* 4* we are going to quote from 4* 4* this booklet, in order to help 4* 4* in the great work of prevent- 4* 4* ing accidents that result pure- 4= 4* ly frfom carelessness, causing 4* death and untold suffering. 4* 4 , 4*4‘4*4 4 4*4*4 , 4*4*4 , 4 , 4 , 4*4* AGED PRESCOTT MAN KILLS SELF PRESCOTT A. F. Fitch, about 65 years of age, and a sufferer with asthma, was found dead in his bed at apartment four, Stoney Point Apartments, on Granite street, at 1 o’clock Tuesday afternoon, the victim of w r hat is believed to be a self-inflicted wound. The deceased, who is said to have lived in this city for several months and in the state about two years, was found by a neighbor, Frank Richter. turned to his home reservation, lo cating at Polacca, north of Wins low, where he is now engaged in independent missionary endeavor among his people. The author, re alizing that the time is rapidly ap proaching when Uncle Sam will be gin to turn loose his Indian wards, to go among other American citi zens and make their own way in the world, has written the accom panying article, which will be dis tributed among the thousands of white people who will attend the Snake dance this year, with the sole purpose in view of helping the White Man to help the Indian to prepare himself for that day when Uncle Sam will no longer be the Red Man’s guardian. PERSONS FISHING WITHOUT A LICENSE HELD BY COUNTY ATTORNEY LIABLE TO ARREST THOUGH NO FISH ARE CAUGHT It is possible to prosecute a per son fishing without a license, or a hunter hunting without a license, although neither of them have caught any fish or killed any game, according to an opinion given to the state game department by Ar thur T. LaPrade, county attorney of Maricopa county. Mr. LaPrade notified the state game warden that he was of the opinion that the fisherman or the hunter without a license could be convicted under the state game laws, although no fish or game were produced in court. “It is a misdemeanor under our state game laws,” Mr. LaPrade stated in his letter to I). E. Pettis, state game warden, “for a person to fish with a hook and line -with out a license, although no fish is caught, and likewise, it is a misde meanor to seek game with a gun without a license, although none is killed, and both offenses are pun ishable by fines.” Following receipt of the opinion, Mr. Pettis announced that the state game department would proceed to arrest all those without licenses who were found to be fishing or hunting. Mr. Pettis also stated that the excuse that the fisherman or hunter had a license at home, but had forgotten it, would not be ac cepted. The law, he said, requires that the hunting and fishing license be carried by its owner, ready to be shown if the occasion demand, and failure to have the license would be considered in the light of fish ing and hunting without a license. He urges all those who fish and hunt to have their licenses with them and thus avoid the unpleas antness of being taken before a justice of the peace for violation of the game and fish laws. MAN KILLED BY LIGHTNING BOLT NEAR PRESCOTT PRESCOTT Jesus Navarte, 30 years old, of Ash Fork, was killed instantly at 2:30 o’clock Saturday afternoon at Cedar Glade when he was struck by a bolt of lightning that followed a barbed wire fence. Salvador Colwell, who was stand ing near Navarte, was knocked to the ground and stunned by the bolt, but he did not suffer serious in juries. Navarte was. climbing through the fence when he was killed. His companion was knocked to the ground an instant before he would have touched the bolt-conducting wire. The fatality resulted during a general electrical storm in north ern Arizona. Sporadic summer showers, which have been coming since July 1 but without effect so far as breaking the heat wave was concerned, de scended in full force on Prescott and vicinity Saturday afternoon, and reduced the temperature to the customary rainy season levels. Re ports of heavy rains with the usual accompaniment of lightning from the mountains for miles around have been received. For an hour the gutters ran curb high with water from the sudden and intense precipitation. A flag pole atop a hotel was struck by lightning and hurled across the street, but no other damage was reported. The Prescott national forest, which has fought and cdnquered 10 small fires this summer, wel comes the rain as a factor in di minishing the fire hazard. PHOENIX CHILD IS DROWNED IN PEORIA CANAL PHOENIX Freddy Merdick, four-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. F. L. Merdick, 2811 North Second street, was drowned Friday after noon about 5 o’clock when he fell into four and one-half feet of wa ter in Lateral 20 near Peoria where his two older sisters and several other children were swimming. The child had been playing on the bank of the canal while the group of older children were en joying the plunge in the w r ater. When he was missed and a search of the nearby grounds proved fruit less, the water flow in the canal was shut off and the body was found more than half a mile down stream, three-quarters of an hour later. Mr. Merdick, who had gone to his apiary nearby to extract honey, and had taken the children to visit friends near Peoria, was called and the child was taken to a physician at Peoria. He did not respond to treatment and was brought to the Arizona Deaconess hospital at 8 o’clock at night, where artificial respiration failed to restore breath to the body. The drowning occurred on Later al 20, one mile east and two and a half miles north of Peoria near the Will Hauser ranch. The flow of water in the lateral is swift and averages about five feet in depth. The children in the swimming party ranged in age from eight to 16 years. TWO SECTIONS Sixteen Pages Section Two NUMBER 31 Receiver of Mayer Bank Appeals From Note Suit Verdict PHOENIX An appeal from a verdict of the Yavapai county su perior court in favor of the de fendant in a suit brought by L. A. Bechtol, as receiver of the Mayer State bank against J. E. O’Brien to collect $3,293.72 on notes, was filed in the Supreme court Saturday by Mr. Bechtol. Bechtol sued to recover on five notes signed by O’Brien, aggregat ing $3,293.72. The trial of the case resulted in a jury verdict in favor of O’Brien. O’Brien, in his answer, alleged that he had never received any money from the bank on the notes, but that he had signed them as receipts for use in the bank for money advanced to another party, it being understood that he would never be called on to pay the notes. Bechtol stated in his complaint that the notes were in the bank w hen he took charge as receiver af ter the institution had been closed. o Railroad Foreman Drowned In Pool While Swimming PHOENIX Coroner Nat T. Mc- Kee decided that no inquest would be heard on the death of Thomas Bardis, 37, foreman of a Santa Fe construction crew, who was drowned about 6 o’clock Sunday evening, July 18th, w'hile swimming at Joint Head. Eye witnesses tes tified, the coroner said, that the drowning was plainly accidental. The death was not reported to the sheriff until Thursday morning. Bardis first asked how deep the water was and, immediately after being told that it was between 15 and 20 feet, jumped in feet fore most. He did not rise. Other swimmers did not notice his disap pearance until a negrees whose name was not learned shouted to them from the bank that there was a man at the bottom of the pool. She had seen him dive, she said, and was sure he had not come up. Divers soon found the body, but attempts at resuscitation failed. Members of the Greek colony here informed the sheriff’s office that Bardis w r as a naturalized Am erican, a member of the Marshfield, Ore., Eagles lodge, and an ex-ser vice men. SURVEY OF VITAL STATISTICS WILL BE MADE IN ARIZONA PHOENIX A survey of vital statistics regulations in Arizona has been inaugurated by the de partment of commerce at Washing ton to ascertain the efficiency of these laws with the view in mind of extending federal cooperation to this state, it was announced from the office of the state superintend ent of public health in this city. To this end, the department of commerce is mailing to all persons in the state served by the postof fice department two cards, one of which is to be used in recording any deaths occurring within that household during the past twelve months and the second to be used in recording any births occurring during this period. These cards, it was explained, are to be used as the basis in de termining the efficiency of the ex isting state regulations. If tabu lated returns show that the state regulations are 90 per cent effec tive, federal cooperation of the di vision of vital statistics will be ex tended, it was explained. At present, Arizona is one of three states to which the depart ment of commerce, division of vital statistics has not extended cooper ation. The other two are Nevada and South Dakota. CATCH MADE OF 30 SCORPIONS CASA GRANDE, Ariz. G. L. Walker, secretary and manager of the Casa Grande Farmer’s associa tion, is displaying an interesting collection of scorpions—interesting because they have been properly drowned and preserved in alcoho', including one extraordinarily largi female and 29 small ones which are not more than a week old. The scorpion and her young were caught near the office of the Farm er’s association while workmen were doing some excavating, an 1 this is one of the first catches made in Casa Grande of scorpions so small. The female scorpion carries he<- young on her back until they ar - ’ about a week old and then cares to~ them until they reach the age of ? days, when they are turned loose te fare for themselves. They have a poisonous barb in the tip of thev * tails that produces most excrutiat ing pain, but is seldom fatal.