Search America's historic newspaper pages from 1777-1963 or use the U.S. Newspaper Directory to find information about American newspapers published between 1690-present. Chronicling America is sponsored jointly by the National Endowment for the Humanities external link and the Library of Congress. Learn more
About El mensajero. (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1925-1945
Phoenix, Ariz. (1925-1945)
- El mensajero. : (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1925-1945
- Place of publication:
- Phoenix, Ariz.
- Geographic coverage:
- J.M. Melendrez
- Dates of publication:
- Began in 1925; ceased in 1945.
- Monthly <Sept. 1943>-
- Arizona--Maricopa County.--fast--(OCoLC)fst01217111
- Hispanic Americans--Arizona--Newspapers.
- Hispanic Americans.--fast--(OCoLC)fst00957523
- Maricopa County (Ariz.)--Newspapers.
- Phoenix (Ariz.)--Newspapers.
- Archived issues are available in digital format from the Library of Congress Chronicling America online collection.
- Available on microfilm from the Dept. of Library, Archives & Public Records, Phoenix, Ariz.
- Description based on: 2da época, v. 10, no. 22 (12 de agosto de 1933).
- Official organ of the C.A.I.S., <1943-1945>.
- Published as 2da época [second series], <1925>-1943; first series published 1900-1916 became English language title The Messenger, 1916-1955.
- Publishers: J.M. Melendrez, <1925>-1939; C.B. Bautista, 1939-<1942>; C.J. Carreon, 1943-
- Text in Spanish, <1925-Aug. 1943>; in English and Spanish, <Sept. 3, 1943-
- sn 96060814
- Related Links:
- View complete holdings information
- First Issue Last Issue
Founded in 1900 by Jesus M. Melendrez, El Mensajero was a Republican Spanish-language newspaper in Phoenix, Arizona. Melendrez was one of the founders of La Liga Protectora Latina, a civil rights organization, and was involved in the Phoenix chapter of Alianza Hispano Americana, a mutual-aid society founded in Tucson a few years earlier by Carlos Velasco, publisher of El Fronterizo.
El Mensajeronews coverage ranged from local issues to international occurrences, including an emphasis on news from Mexico. Under Melendrez, the newspaper's slogan was "Del pueblo y para el pueblo de habla español" ("From the people to the Spanish-speaking people"). A heading near the masthead also declared in English: "The Best Medium to Reach the Spanish Speaking Home." El Mensajero was described by fellow Spanish-language newspaper El Tucsonense as a paper that "siempre ha luchado y sigue luchando en defensa de los de nuestra sangre en cuanto le es possible" ("has always fought and keeps fighting in defense of our people when they can"). The paper included advertisements for local Mexican American businesses, like teatros and carnicerias, and regularly included literature and poetry.
The newspaper was published weekly until 1919, when it was purchased by A. S. Mills and Frank Loveitt and became an English-language newspaper, The Messenger. In 1925, Melendrez revived El Mensajero as a "2nd Epoca" (second era) of the Spanish-language publication with its original name. Melendrez remained at the helm until he stepped down as editor and publisher in July 1939. The front page of the last issue under his editorship was dedicated to Melendrez's farewell column, in which he described his years leading the paper as having difficulties, but also full of enthusiasm and hope. He also thanked the newspaper's readers and some of his colleagues with whom he had worked. Melendrez died a few months later, and his obituary in the Arizona Republic said he was known among colleagues as the "dean of Arizona printers." El Mensanjero was sold to Carlos B. Bautista, who planned to enlarge the paper, according to the Arizona Republic. Bautista had been an editor for Tucson Spanish-language newspapers, El Fronterizo and El Tucsonense. Bautista soon changed the masthead, subtitle, and layout of the newspaper. Under Bautista, the paper frequently covered politics at the local, state, and national levels, especially focusing on elections for city council members.
In September 1943, Conrad James Carreon, who had served in the Arizona State Legislature, took over as publisher and editor. El Mensajero became the "official organ of the Committee for Americanism and Inter-American Solidarity." Carreon was the director of this Committee, whose goals included the formation of "an unbreakable national unity and a permanent inter-American solidarity." The newspaper was now being published monthly and included articles in both Spanish and English. Carreon wrote a weekly column offering his views on politics, always arguing against discrimination and celebrating Pan-American unity. The paper had a special issue dedicated to the C.A.I.A.S.'s convention in April 1944. By 1945, El Mensajero ceased publication.