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EDITORIALS THE PHOENIX INDEX I **A Paper With A Purpose " • Slogan, Don’t Spend You / J Money Where Your People Are Not Welcome 9 The PHOENIX INDEX is published weekly at 1214 E. Monroe Street Phoenix, Arizona Phone 4-2? 13 MRS, ALBERTA GIBSON Editor and Publisher t REV. J, W. GRAY Associate Editor c SUBSCRIPTION RATES ( One Year 53.00; By Mail «= Six Montis 11.25; By Malt s l - 50 v Per Copy j $ The PHOENIX INDEX is not connected with any political party or j [ faction and shall at all times, regardless of any set rulings of regula- | g present the news completely, impartially and free from hatred. • j Ail news matter coming to this paper should be In our office Tues day not later than 9 A. M. of each week in order to appear in the current Issue. Ntfws matter must be plainly rvritten on only one side p es the copy sheet otherwise it cannot be used. We reserve the r;ghta «o condense or alter all matter for safety or convenience unless the a same Is paid for. * I * Make ail money orders payable to the INDEX, 1214 East Monroe Street. AH articles or news must be signed by contributors or they r will not be published 1 t ___ I £ PLATFORM _ -J \ 1. To five to the colored people a race paper that, they can reel geo of and in which they may express their views on all political, social. c religious and economic questions which face the race. r 2. To awaken racial conscience, especially in business, to the ext t that we must become jcb makers as -well a® Job seekers. 1 S- To instruct boys and girls in the art of thrift _ £ 4. To promote the Fatherhood of God and the brotherhood or man - L 5 To build a firmer racial foundation for posterity. t To succeed in any business, we of the colored race must oorapete r with those of other races. We must, use the same teehmq «e as oDier race 9 te dealing with our patrons Above all we must render dependable, es- s ficient and courteous service at ail times; in that we alone wilt be able 3 te succeed In any business enterprise. Therefore, realizing these vital points, the INDEX shall at all times give heed and respect to any sug gestions from its readers in regard to rendering a better service. j A weekly forum snail be published each week in which your views may be expressed on any question of local or national scope. Suck J 10*9 are to be presented as personal opinioas and shall not reflect m any way the opinion of Tha PHOENIX INuEX. • < — ~ 1 The World’s Most Careless People < We Americans are the world's most careless people wherl it j ) comes to fire. Nowhere else in the world is the crime ot n ° P A V Simple set of statistics readily proves tins. Fire loss in , tiiis country runs in the neighborhood of $2.00 pet year for eve_y man, woman and child of the population. By co_ P - • j j Sweden is 89 cents per capita; loss m Great Britain is 82 cents loss in Italy is 78 cents; loss m France is 61 cents, and in . Germany is 11 cents. In other words, we destroy more than , twice as much property with fire as is destroyed m the next high- . est country —and close to 20 times as much as m the lowest on , the list. ' Here’s* a case where alibis are no good. For the greater . percentage of all fires, great and small, are the product of human carelessness. Somebody is thoughtless—somebody fOl gets-some body takes a chance. And a home or a factory goes up in smoke. Human failure is the great tire, breeder The record is the more shameful in that we Americans have the best of all chances to fight and lick fire. Organized fire pre vention, supported by insurance companies, fire marshals, civic organizations and others has reached a high peak of excellence m- , tins country. Experts scour the country searching cut hazards— other experts fight arson. 24 hours a day— otliei s examine ma chinery, building materials, electric appliances and similar com modities and draw up five resistant standards of construction— . others keep check on fire departments, water facilities and alarm j facilities. A wealth of invaluable information is ours for the j isking. We can't pass the buck. Fire is our taitjl. And the can be prevented only by the concerted, thinking of us all. Protection For The Poor Those who make a practice of attacking the life insurance in- j duslry often center their fire on industrial insurance. This form of insurance is usually sold in small sums, and is collected week ly or bv-weekly installments Without industrial insurance, which can be paid tor at the rate of twenty-five or fifty cents a week, millions of low income families would be unable to .obtain any protection whatsoever. The death of the wage-earner would leave dependents completely destitute. More often than not, there would be insufficient mon ey on hand to even pay modest funeral expenses- Industrial insurance is naturally somewhat higher m cost, j doe to increased collection and bookkeeping expense- But it is of immense service and it is the only proven, established means of j giving persons of verv small income some measute 01 fin.mcial self-protection against the future. ; * Success On The Farm Successful farming requires a thorough knowledge ot market ing. Realizing tins, the farmers of a generation ago organized marketing cooperatives, whose main job is to see that member farmers get a fair price for their goods. Today problems have arisen affecting a new generation ol farmers. The average young farmer is often woefully lacking in the marketing knowledge so vital to successful farming. The Farm Credit Administration has published a series a pamphlets, entitled “You and Your Co-op.” They explain what marketing cooperation means to the farmer; how marketing co operatives are organized, how they are. financed, how they me managed and how farm products may be merchandised through such organizations. The pamphlets likewise describe how' to “size up” a cooperative in order to decide whether or not you wish to belong. r . r T , Cooperation is rhe key to scienunc farming. Information such as this is invaluable to the progressive farmer. The pamphlet tnav be obtained by dropping a card to the Farm Credit Admini stration, Washington, D. C. The spirit of freedom is not in laws and institutions alone. Tt is expressed in the expansion of the personal experience, in an individual’s’ rather than a nation’s’ room to grow, in the unlocking of human powers and human opportunities. No disaster can black cut a nation which lives in that spirit. —New York limes. Had Gun, Police (Continued from page 1) gun?” “Well,” said Briar, “don’t you j think circumstances demand that I carry a gun?” Without answering, the sleuths took him to jaii where he was lock ed up for two and a half hours. He was released on a signed bond for i SIOO presented by Joseph A- Tol- j bert, white attorney who has ; fought valiantly in behalf of Ne- : groes FIND CLIPPINGS ; Detective Chief L. W Hammond said a number of newspaper clip- j pings was found on Briar dealing with Kian activities and beatings; administered to Negroes in this area, colored registration for the city elections, violators of civil rights and cheap labor. He also i had a copy of the NAACF consti- j tution and by-laws for branches and an appeal xor funds U help defend two men, Jerry Owens and William Anderson. Anaerson, 19, president of the io cal NAACP youth council, several months ago was found guilty on disorderly conduct and breach oi the peace charges for allegedly try ing to make a date with a white girl. He declared it was a frame up as the result of his vote regis tration activities ana filed an ap peal . But last week Anderson was again sentenced this time to $52 or 30 days for stealing an overcoat. It is believed there was no frame-up in this case. Young Methodists | (Continued from Page I) children, while colored parks are 1 valued at only $40,000- SALARY DISPARITY Referring to education, the re port revealed that white teachers have an average of J. 39 years ot college training and-are paid $1,850 , jjev year while colored teachers : have ai. average oS 3*15 years oi college training and receive only $1,275 per year The young people in their find ings stated that only one colored school in Atlanta has a gymnasium and only one has an auditorium and that f’6.11 is spent per per son on books for white children whereas 73 cents per person is spent on books for colored chil dren Referring to health facilities, Methodist youths said they found that two-thirds of the birth ol colored children In Atlanta are at Grady hospital and that mothers are returned to their homes in three days, while white mothers are normally returned seven days after the birth of a child at Grady LOW WAGES REPORTED Duseussing wages paid colored people, the young people found that ; domestic servants with less than i six working hours per day received I xe cents per hour, while the do ; mestics with a working day of more than 12 hours received less than 12 cents* per hour. The young white people declared that “until we are citizens we can do nothing drastic about these i atrocious conditions, still we all | may be more considerate, kind and ' thoughtful of our brothers—the Negroes. Members of the group made it clear that they were not proposing a sudden change of social, economic ana political systems as a solution but that neither were they satis ; fied with a slow change. ‘We are demanding of ourselves "Choosing Among Evils =-Piek©ns By WILLIAM PICKENS The present war in Europe has produced more muddled thinking, or muddled impulses with no thought-process in them, than 3ny other recent «*na large.event. Most people seem to see straight through the situation, but there are a few who gst lK confused; these few are usually anti-British, but arc unwilling to admit that, they are pro-German. Bu, because the British have arid are a Big Bad i owe,, these few jump to a conclusion: Wont it be nice to see the' British licked? Then you can ask them But, do you want to see ihis Biutal German regime lick them,—-do . u want to help Hitler further out into the world? Then they begin to hedge: Well, what difference does it make” ~ls Hitler any worse than the rest ol them’' Aren’t, they all bad? Is one imperialist better than another?—Poor thing: he could easily answer all those questions for himself. In fact, he has already answered them: imper ialists are not as bad a s the others. Under the kaiser the raw German was a master beast in his African Colonies; but under Hitlerism he could, and doubt less would, be ten times worse GERMANS LEAST LIKED No, nobody has to love and approve of England or France, of their past or of their present, in order to choose that Germany should lose this war. Judg ing by facts and contacts, not by fiction and theory, we should say that the French are far more clvi ized than the Germans, especially the Germans now an charge of German destiny, The French are even more civilized, than the British. Among all of these •’bad” people, it is a very lame brain, or a very dishonest pretender, it one does not easily pick out the German outfit, as the most uncivilized, the most dangerous and the most deserving of disaster. If one has not- liked British imperialism (and THE PHueNiX iNDeX, uHuenaX, akizuNa Federal Workers Hear Administrator t John M Carmody, (at ihe microphone) admin istrator o the Federal Works Agency, felicitated Fed '’rai building service empteyees at their annual dance held in the cafeteria of the Interior Department i that we do ’ev fry thing possible ai i the present moment and continue | ; always- to bring better condition;- for every, man as speedily as pos sible,’’ they concluded, E. B. Eleazer was the leader of the race group. ■ Hints Father Divine (Continued from Pace 1) | lief that unless I did so I was i doomed to everlasting misery | and that by giving the money to ' Father Divine, I was depositing it iin his heavenly treasury and in | that was’ was assured of eternal j life.” She said she lost faith in heavenly promises when Divine j .me “too grasping,” demanded mo t of her husband 5. wage yhe is also acting foi everal other former “angsls” with claims j against Divine totaling about, $22,-! 000. Mrs. Brown and former co angels. want a receiver named for , the Divine properties, want him and his followers restrained from ■ disposing of any of the holdings, ! described as follows; about- 25 prop erties in the Manhattan area and 50 rural “heavens”, including 500- i acre Krmn Elbow, elaborate estate across the Hudson river from the Hyde Park home of president Roosevelt Sues For Right (CVmlimied from Page 1> council reportedly declared that : the city has the right to employ whom it chooses for any munici -1 pal position, A decision in the ! -ase is expected in the near In ure HU E OF FREEDMENS l HI!;I SURGEON DIES . i WASHfiNGTON—(A N I'-Mrs. L-eome Annette Jones w so of Dr ; T. Howard Jones, smg >on-in j chi f of Freedmen’s hcspnal. died Tuesday ni&’u at bet borne after 'la brief illness Fiuw .=•! .'rvi.e: were held Friday nrr.m g from t the residence of the decerned ? _ c [ The French govemirent has - restricted the use of the terms for tortoise shell and ivory to articles s containing the genuine materials. .that is easy to understand), one might go so far as j to hope (with Stalin) that the British and the Ger ■ mans will wear each other down; but one cannot I 1 be such a loot (as we hope Stalin is not) as xiot wish thai when the wearing down is over, the Ger mans will be under the bottom, and the British oq : top of them. Those of us who are sane even if anti-Bntisn, i want the British at. least to get up Brsi after the I fracas is over. There is no hope ot liberty or equal j ity in this German thing. STALIN SANE 4s HIIILEF Some of the Communist party small brains, who do not think but jus) follow on, may be saying' j Well, we need not bo concerned about either Hit.ei lor the Allies,—we can go on with Stalin and his j crowd. But we are without vision indeed, if we ; have not already seen, that Stalin is every bit as j imperialistic as “Comrade” Hitler. There is no hope in Russia of any such demoe ; racy as we have aimed at for over lf»0 years in the 1 United States. I could perhaps breathe ioday in i either England or Franco, but in either Germany 1 or Russia I should .smother, or more likely get shot 1 before l could smother There must be something wrong indeed with j any American who cannot see *hai he does not have j to approve of anybody's '’past'’ or present in this ; crisis; and still that be can sanely take sides. When I the fight of these devils is ended, there i* still to Ibe a future We hope that neither Hitler nor his j false-friend Stalin will dominate that future —Mr ! Franklin Delano Roosevelt is no fool, —and he knows that there is a difference between these contending j forces, a difference for Americans, j And Roosevelt is right about it: just as right ; about this war as he was wrong in his attack on the I security of the Supreme Court of the United States. building in Washington Nearly 1,000 employees and their guests attended the dance which was held under the auspices of the Welfare Association of the Off*** of Buildings management. , THROUGH AN OPEN WINDOW TOO BUSY FOE OUR OVr* GOOD By DR. \V. C. HACKFTT Tuesday night I attended the bi monthly meeting of the Parent- Teachers Association. There, I sat ana heard the president make a statement that every time- she had asked certain people to serve on committees they had refused, giv ing as their simeie reason: Too busy to serve Yes, those same per sons had been heard again and again say from the ficor what the Parent-Teachers association should j be Uke and what it should ac- • complish. I am at a lost to explain j how they expect so much to b 3 done with their continuously re- j maining ‘too busy’’ to aid in ths , carrying out oi its program! One of the easiest things in the | world to do is to destructively criticize or tell someone what we | as individuals think is wrong; wiU an organization, but it is difficult for us to constructively criticize or 1 sit down and analyze a given sit- | New 387 Bed Hospital For Negroes lit Va. j PETERSBURG, Ya. CARTI Dr. 1 H. C, Henry, director of State hospitals, declared last Tuesday ihat the opening here of the re cently completed 387 bed ward building at Central state hospital— oldest and largest, of its kind it America, exclusively for Negroes— has 1 educed overcrowding there to the lowest level in 20 years. Built with PWA aid at a cost of 1 $233,781, the new structure said Dr Henry, will solve all congestion problems at Central State except : thosp in the criminal ward. Thor oughly modern both in construc , tion and equipment, the wards in the new are wide, weli ventilated 1 Chemists of a large rubber corn par. / have developed a new plastic j for coating paper to make it re sistant to water oil and many acids. nation, and stare at the bottom and help build it up. We all like to give orders but few of us like to take them. We need a Parent-Teachers as sociation in our city. The parents ar.ti ceachert should cooperate to work toward the permanent ad vancement for our children. A few parents ar.d teachers with the right thing at heart could, in a few years, built up an organization worthy of being called Parent- Teachers association here in Phoe nix, x . _ _ Let us find time to give a few hours a month to the service oi humanity. Bethune Issues Challenge To Youth In Talk WASHINGTON— (A N P>— As principal speaker Sunday on the “Wings Cfrer Jordan” program broadcast over a national hookup, Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune, presi dent and founder of Bethune. I Cookman College and head of the] Negro division, NYA, declared: “As one concerned with the problems of youth, J dare to chal lenge American youth of all races and creeds. Always, T have liked the word ‘challenge. It suggests chivalrous combat, the opportuni ty to fight, to labor and not to count the cost, to give and not to get, to love and yet be veiling to endure hate and resentment, to be a Christian fearlessly walking through a changing world - Dr. Eethune’s address was pre sented in connection with the week-end (Dee. 1-3) Moral Re- Armamet observance, nation-wide : in scope. She concluded: “..Today over half the civilized world has again restored to nate, greed and warfare to solve its : problems. Youth are again march . ing to destruction under banners that carry suffering and destrue . men in a' free and democratic na tion, where peace and quiet reign But our security will be perman ent only when every American realizes the need of a working philosophy that will insure the attainment of lasting world peace and realization of the democratic i ideal. ■ “Will you join me and one nun ! cred million othe s tn rough out the world—black, brown, yellow and white—-in ushering in this awak en! gby i'stening to the living God? That is me program this j week-end of the forces oi Moral j Ke=Armament. This great move ' ment is no respect or of persons, or races, or classes, or creeds 01 Get Joyful Relief From BACKACHE CAUSED Bt SLUGGISH KIDNEYS Slop Getting Up Nights And Feel Younger Here’s one good way to flush excess harmful waste from the Kidneys and relieve bladder irritation that often causes scanty, burning end smarting \sk your drugeiat for a 35 cent box of Hold Medal Haarlem Oil Capsules , splendid safe and harmless diuretic and stimulant for weak kidneys and ! irrifcaited bladder. ... Besides getting up nights, some symptoms of kidney trouble may be backaches, puffy eyes, leg cramps, and moist palms. But. be sure to ge> GOLD MEDAL it’s a genuine medi cine for weak kidneys right from Haarlem in Holland. Don’t accept a j substitute, _ . The Nation Needs Christian Homes By MRS. SONOH HALL The Christen home is the High est product of civilization The Christian home is a Goa-designed institution. Home is the field where love must bear her best fruit. Nc home is at its best until it is trulj Christianized. We read in the great dailies about monetary conditions of the many hold-ups, and all oth er hideous crimes. We discuss the influence of liquor traffic. But we do not read anything in the dailies about the Christian homes. When ever the homes are broken up, the church, the community, and the entire nation suffer because the home is the foundation head. A nation cannot rise higher than ■ its homes. The example and in- j struction of Godly parents are the ' most powerful factors in the pro duction of Christian homes. The family altar is an essential part of every well-ordered home. Where j the old-tim? family altar is neglect ed, even though a high moral | standard is aimed at, the results cannot be other than disappoint ment and failures. Many mothers are shifting the responsibility of child-raising to the public school teacher, the Sun day school, or to some individual who cares nothing about the wel fare of the child. These are only much handicapped assistants. Par ents should be good and modest if they’ would have their children all they ought to be. The influence ol the home is silently but surely fix ing the characters of those who are to fill positions in the church, [ state and nation. It is said, ,!Un , checked in its tendency the home ! life of today is sufficient to ruin ] the world.” The influences of the l home are far-reaching. It reaches ! out through .the school, the com i munity, state and nation. Modern ism cannot produce the needed re sults. Many homes are nothing more than filling stations, a place to park, and take in fuel. “O Abra- President For Langston Still Being Sought OKLHOMA CITY—(A N P)—A letter delivered to Fred A. Hol man, chairman of the board oi regents of Langston University, last, week from F. D, Mioon, principal of the colored schools of the city of Wewcka, asxed thai Moon’s name be removed from consideration as president. of Langston University. Principal Moon makes the third prominent Oklahoman who is reported to have turned the as signment down since the resigna tion of A. W. Turner who served as president only three days and resigned because he discovered he | would be president in name only ideologies. It applies tc all. It ap peals to all. It must become tht common life of aU. * Unique And Unusual Record J«| Hl&nv e:' Y|fY ' eee ■ ‘ i| | INDIANAPOLIS, Ind.— (SNS>— Mrs. Susan Thompson Knox who has lived for the p?-Jt thirty years in Indianapolis, hus a most un usual and unique record among the women ji our group in the city and state. She has always been a Democrat and was active even be- ; fore Woman suffrage was passed. She served in playground work and in the probation department for six years. She was appointed referee in the juvenile department and is now serving her second term upder Judge Wilfred Brad shaw. Because of her unusual j capabilities, and her satisfactory j service, she was appointed the sec- I ond time. She lias three children • Saturday, December ham,” God said, "l know Abraham * that he will keep my command ments and command __ hie v-'hol*’ family after him. The Jewish chii* dren received special care as tc their religious life. The word of God was to be the parents conver sation in the home, on the streets in the bedrooms, and everywhere y they went. Are we to be less faith ful or is the accusation true: “To busy to pray”? * I know people say too busy to do < what is right; too busy to study God’s word and obey, too busy to * walk in its light, too busy in seek ing earthly pleasures so vain to find sweetest joys in God’s love, too busy in seeking seeking its treasures , and gain to lay up any treasure r above. The Holy Writ: “Righteous ness exalteth a nation, but sin is a reproach”, holds adueation alon^ ’ cannot produce the needed results' It has been said, “Ignorance is the * mother of vice. But every day’s ex periences and history teach us that nations have risen to the noblest heights of intellectual greatness while stooping to the lowest depths of moral decay. The only sufficient , solvent of all the questions in America, whether social, individual, economic, industrial, political, race prejudice, financial, moral or reli gious, is to be found in the saviour hood and lordship of Jesus Christ. The earth is girded with electric wires and unreminded with Chris tion civilization. Coordinator j “• •• ** " , , t : y: -f'. ' -.x'X •'£' | Robert Durr, pastor of Birming | ham’s Greater Mixon Tabernacle AME church, who was named co ordinator of the Alabama Social agencies of the AME church Bishop David H. Sims, while pre siding over the recent sessions of the North Alabama conference. Principal E W Woods of Tulsa c and Mayor Letchen A. Hill of Boley, who is also superintendent :of schools in the all-Negro town One of them, Edward Thompson, is a movie actor in Hollywood and has played in some of the vert best Negro pictures produced by the race companies. George Knox is a senior at Fisk University and a athlete, was listed in the Col lege “Who’s Who”. Victoria Knox a recent graduate ol Butler Uni versity, is now working on her Master’s at the Indiana University ! School of Social Work. Mrs. Knox possesses a very charming personality and is be loved by all wno know and come *r> 1 contact with her. She has ac complished many worthwhile things in the city and is highly respected by members of both races.