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VOL. |. NO. 25
KAISER COMMENTS ON THE NEGRO AMERICAN NEGRO TROOPS TERROR I TO GERMANS WITH THE AMERICAN ARMIES IN FRANCE, August.—One regiment j of negroes in the American army has had its baptism of fire on the fighting fields of Fiance and ac quitted itself so well that the French commander of the sector has cited the whole regiment as worthy of re ceiving the war cross. This regi- j ment’s repulse of the enemy attack on the early morning of June 12 (Pos sibly at Belleau wood or Bouresches) was briefly referred to in the official ( communique. A later and official report of the engagement brings out the details and gives credit to the officers and men lor fine fighting qualities displayed in ! their initial experience under shell | and fire. The French commander of that sector has given the regiment the highest possible commendation for the results accomplished and the splendid fighting spirit shown by the American negroes. For several days preceding the at tack there were evidences that the enemy was preparing to strike a blow. Every precaution has been made for meeting the move. It was 2:15 on the morning of the 32th that the order to “stand to” was given and all combat groups and the machine gun section took their fight ing position. The enemy artillery now opened a violent bombardment, engag- 1 ing in a “box barage” five of our main groups and the special machine-gun opened a violent bombardment, en position. The lines of this box bar rage are well defined on the ground, showing its outer circuit, with a con siderable scattering wf 'hits inside. The shells were mostly 775, with some 1555, gas, shrapnel and hig explosive. 1 The artillery bombardment was ex- j tremely violent at the start and ta-1 pered off gradually until it stopped i after thirty minutes. Meantime, under cover of the artil lery, the enemy infantry began its op erations, adopting the infiltering pro cess by which detached groups are I sent forward at a number of points stead of moving in a mass forma tion. One group came on with two light machine guns, firing a rather in tense fire into one of our positions. Another group was estimated to be about twenty-five or thirty. At an other point on our front a stationary enemy patrol took position, firing with two small machine guns. Now and then squads would dart forward from their gun positions. Eight Germans got to the wire in front of one of our positions and four others approached at another point. Besides these as sault groups which reached our line,- there were undoubtedly additional enemy forces in the assaulting column and supporting columns which were unable to enter the field. The special machine gun group un der command of Lieutenant L. E. Shaw, was in one of the most exposed centers of the fighting, being under terrific artillery fire and the fire of two German machine guns. The ene my barrage was so close that it was impossible to stand up, and Lieuten ant Shaw controlled his guns by roll ing from one to the* other. His two guns fired 5,000 rounds. Under this violent onslaught, the men struck to their posts, carried out every order without hesitation, often under galling fire, and showed a high degree of skill with their weapons and coolnes sand courage. Each ma chine gun jammed three times, was partly disassembled and cleaned un der fire, continuing in action through out the engagement. There were instances of individual bravery during the action. Private Howard Gaillard, with a small rapid fire piece, was unable from his posi tion to get a good fire to bear upon the advancing enemy groups, bo he coolly and with entire disregard of danger, mounted the parapet, and while enemy bullets were flying around him, fired his rapid-fire piece from the hip, first at one group and then at the other. Privates Smith field Jones and George Woods are es pecially mentioned for' their coolness Hhe PHOENIX TRIBUNE | COLORED RACE THANKS WILSON| ATLANTA, Ga. —A letter has been i sent to President Wilson from repre sentative Atlanta Negroes wfth an in dorsement and expressing deep grati j tude for the President’s recent ad -1 dress denouncing mob law as a ‘ dis ! graceful evil.” Many prominent Ne i groes of Georgia and Alabama signed ! the letter, which said, in part: "We regard your address as the ! most significant expression emanat ing from the White House since Lin | coin wrote his emancipation proclama tion. ‘ We thank you, praise God and take courage.” I o COLTER’S RECORD ! IS ABOVE CRITICISM (Stockman-Farmer) Notwithstanding Senator Colter's ! father came to this State in its very | earliest days, and his boy, Senator j Fred T. Colter, was born in this state j and lived here all his life; notwith standing his public career equals, if not exceeds, that of any man in this state lor his age; notwithstanding he began as a poor boy and quickly rose to be a man of affairs, engaged in farming, ranching, stock-raising, mer j chandising and banking; notwith ! standing his splendid record in the | Constitutional Conventions and two j terms in the State Senate—that his j record there shows him to be always on the side of the people and of right; notwithstanding he has obtained the confidence of the Democracy of Ari , zona to such an extent that he is the ; National Committeeman of Arizona; ‘ notwithstanding that he has served in many capacities other than those mdh tioned, as a public man and benefactor of the state, with all this public career cf his where he had the eyes of the public on him for all these years, those who are seeking to discredit him in the eyes of the good Democrats of ! Arizona can find no act, no word, not | even an omission of Fred T. Colter, i upon which they can hang a criticism, j Hence, the only thing they can resort j to is the old, frazzledout one that they ‘attempted to use on Governor Hunt 'wo yearsfago, and now they try it on : Senator Colter by saying he stands ! for “I. W. W.ism,” being a follower and protege of Governor Hunt. How cowardly! How puerile it is! How i shameful it is! i Mepliistoplielian practices are doomed in Arizona! It shall not pass. MISSISSIPPI COLORED WOMAN APPLIES FOR DENTAL LICENSE | JACKSON, Mich.—Two state boards | I of examiners are in session here. The j dental examiners have twenty appli cants for licenses, among them a col ored woman, the first in the history j of the state, and two colored men. 1 The veterinary examiners have twen ty-one applicants, seven of them being; colored. The veterinarians expect to complete their work early Tuesday, j while the dentists will be in session until some time Thursday. o , St. Louis is to have a first-class col- j ored hospital. It is to be located at | i county superintendent. The extra amount was declined on the ground | that the colored people wanted to give a part of the money needed. in the face of violent shelling when l they dismounted the machine guns and then reassembled them and con tinued firing until the close of the action. Lieutenant R. C. Grame was i in command of the group which re | ceived the brunt of the enemy fire which, besides the barrage, added a heavy fire of large minenwerfers. There was no flinching; the group al ways worked under perfect control, keeping all combat posts manned, though three men were knocked down by the explosion of shells. Others commended for courage in the face of fire are Corporal Frank Harden, Pri | vate H. D. Brown, Crporal Bean, Ser geant G. A. Morton and Private San ! ders. Whatever may have been the object : of the attack, it was successfully frus trated. No enemy party succeeded in ! getting within assaulting distance on • i any part of the line except at one ■ point, and here they were quickly : pressed back and then driven off. FIVE NEGRO SOLDIERS ARE SHOT DOWN BV WHITES IN CAMP PUT OUT OF Y. M. C. A. BY SOUTHERNERS One Colored Man Killed, Shot in Back by Guards Who Fired Without Provocation or Command—Thirteen White Men Arrested—Will Be Pun- : ished If Found Guilty. NEW YORK CITY, N. Y.—The facts regarding the race riot at Camp Mer ritt, N. J., on August 17, in which it was reported that several men were killed and wounded, were ascertained today in an interview with Colonel J. j A. Marmon, commanding officer of the camp, by Walter F. White, assist-J ant secretary of the National Associa- j tion for the Advancement of Colored People. The morning papers of Au gust 20 stated that the camp was closed to newspaper reporters and others seeking in formation regarding the disturbance, but the association, in keeping with its policy of aiding the government in allaying suspicion and preventing friction between the races, sent Mr. White to obtain the facts In the case. These were given to him freely by Colonel Marmon, and show that the incident was not as serious as was at first supposed. On the night when the trouble oc curred, two colored soldiers were ejected from the Y. M. C. A. No. 2 byj two southern white soldiers, when their presence was resented by the southern white men, although there is no discrimination allowed in any of the Y. M. C. A. buildings and the colored soldiers had a perfect j light to be there. As they left thej I uilding a chair was thrown at them. I Previous to this incident there had been one or two minor clashes be tween soldiers of both races, who were quartered in adjacent sections of the camp, which necessitated both using the same general street. The white soldiers involved were from Mississippi, while the colored were from Camps Dodge, Taylor, Grant and Sherman. About half an hour after the ejection of the two soldiers from Y. M. C. A. Np. 2, a white soldier was cut by a colored soldier. Contrary to press accounts, he was not badly cut nor has he died. Colonel Marmon j stated that his wounds were so trivial that it has been unnecessary for the i wounded man to appear at a hospital | for treatment. For this reason, they j have been unable to learn who the j wounded man is nor has it been pos sible to learn who is the assailant. Shortly after this occurrence, I groups of soldiers of both races gath ered in one of the camp streets and ! threats were passed. Fearing trouble j the guard was called out and orders were given to the men to disperse, i The guard consisted of between 30 ! and 40 men in charge of a sergeant. ! Standing at a short distance from the I guard, officers of both the white and colored troops conferred as to the >est method of preventing trouble. A group of colored troops were moving away in obedience to the command of I the guard, when suddenly, without a command being give, shots rang out and five of the colored men fell. The seregant in command of the guard rueshed in at once and knocked up the guns to prevent further firing. One colored soldier was killed, four wound ed, none of'them seriously, and hll will recover. The most seriously wounded of the four has a bullet wound in his groin and one of the fingers of his left hand is shot off, evidently by the same bullet. The man killed was shot in the back. The guns or tne guards were imme diately examined after the shooting and thirteen of them were found to .! have been fired. The thirteen men to whom these guns belonged were immediately arrested and placed in the guard house. Colonel Marmon : stated that these men would be tried ! for firing without orders and pun ! ished if found guilty. The camp is now entirely quiet and no further trouble is anticipated. ARIZONA’S GREATEST WEEKLY PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 7, 1918 ALABAMA TOWN HAS PUBLIC SLACKER CAGE GADSDEN, Ala. —A slacker cage has been erected in Courthouse square here, with a warning placard j j “Big Enough for All” placed upon it. j A notice signed “Ku Klux Klan,” j i printed in red, gives warning that \ loafers must go to work and that every person must do his part to help win the war or suffer the penalty of the j cage, accompanied with a coat of tar and feathers .] o ; ;• •> •> •>, AJO, ARIZONA ♦ •!• v•>4 l •> v - 4* •> I The colored girls of Ajo are all , smiles this week. Why? Because! Company D, 26tlv infantiy, is here. 1 Yes, they are here and they surely are | welcome to. our city. We wish they | ■ j could stay here all the time, but then, [you know, our Uncle Sam has some-1 i thing to say about that. The 25th came I over from Hawaii. I The church was crowded Sunday : evening at the baptizing. The first time in the history of Ajo that there 1 has been a candidate for baptism. The j ! soldiers seemed to enjoy the services ! .very much. The soldiers are welcome , to our services and we want them to i know It. The B. Y. P. U. meets on .Wednesday evening at 8 o’clock. ■ People’s Forum meets Friday even i ing, 8 p. m. Preaching, Sunday even ing at 8 o’clock. Come, you are wel , come. 1 Rev. Vaughn of the 25th, Infantry will lecture at the Green Lee Baptist i church Wednesday evening. His sub ject will be. The Missions of Hawaii. Remember the date, September 11. L The ladies of the Baptist church ( are planning an entertainment for the ( soldiers in the near future. Watch t for the date. •! I Twenty-four copies of The Tribune | this week, please. Didn’t have near | enough to go around last week. o •J* •/ •*« »% I * DOUGLAS. ARIZONA * i 4* Rev. Edw. Jones, Representative •!• 4 4* 4* 4* 4' v 4* 4* 4* 4* 4* i . Services at the C. M. E. church on [ last Sunday were grand. In the ab , sence of the pastor, the Rev. Edward Jones conducted services. Two were ! ( added to the church roll, one coming ( to the Baptist and the other to the Methodist church. We went over the top financially, raising the sum of L s ! 15166.78. The people of Douglas are . hard to beat. 1 We are pleased to have with us Mr. Nelson Mason of California, who is here for the purpose of taking an ac tive part in political affairs. Mr. Ma son says that if he is successful in ’ landing his candidates in office, he is going to make his home in Phoenix, i We wish you success, Mr. Mason. i J i ~ People are coming west every day. They are leaving the south, where all 1 that race prejudice,- discrimination and lynching is being practiced. Our ' people are learning of a better place - to live and they are going to it. Two 1 new families came to Douglas last week. They were Mr. August and ; wife and two children from Lake j ’! Charles, La., and Mr. and Mrs. Perry j and son from Oklahoma. Mr. August | Is a carpenter by trade and should he I ■ find suitable employment he will ! make Douglas his home. We welcome i all good citizens to our city. Mrs. Edward Jones always likes to be at her post Sunday morning in ■ Sunday school, as she is the superin tendent. The doctor told her to re , main quiet, but she just would come Into the church and watch the chil , dren in their' classes. She could not stand it very long and went hack to bed. She is much better now. ’ Mrs. B. Porter, who has been on the sick list for some time, suffering L with rheumatism, returned this week from El Paso, where she went to seek 1 relief. i * Next Sunday will be communion day at both the C. M. E. and Baptist churches. The pastors of both the • church request the presence of all members. ( PHOENIX TRIBUNE FASTEST SELLER ON NEWS STAND I - Douglas, Arizona, Sept. 3, 1918. The Phoenix Tribune, Phoenix. Dear Editor: I am very proud to say that the Phoenix Tribune goes | like hot cakes and I could sell twice | as many if I received them on Satur i days. I have on my stand the Phoe i nix Tribune, Chicago Defender, Indi , anapolis Freeman, Dallas Express, San i Antonio Eye Opener and the Crisis, , but, believe me, the Tribune leads and i the others follow. Among my cus ! toiners are several white people who j buy the Tribune every week. Whenever my deposit for papers is used up, let me know and there will be a remittance forthwith. The peo ple know the Tribune “delivers the goods” and they are clamoring for it. Wishing you continued success, I re ‘ main, yours truly, W. J. REEDOM, Proprietor Reedom News Stand. COLORED SOLDIERS . MAT BE TRAINED AT TOPEKMUTION The Topeka Industrial and Educa tional Institute will open Tuesday, September 10, 1918. The school will as usual have a strong faculty and a large student body. The dormitories are being renovated and put into re pair for the comfort of all. The Trades Building for young men will be especially equipped to teach iron work, wood work and tailoring. In the Girls’ Trades building will be taught domestic science and domestic art .with laboratories and equipment not surpassed by any institution of its grade, and where many young women have been trained as home makers and teachers. Agriculture \ Kansas is distinctly an agricultural state. Any institution that must serve the people cannot neglect the agricultural interest. This institution —with this in mind —has purchased a farm of 110 acres of land upon which young men are given farm practice and young women a splendid I opportunity to study agriculture, poul- j try and trucking. The school has a nice herd of Hol stein cattle to produce milk for the school and to supply models for study of the best dairy breeds. A good herd of Duroc Jersey hogs are kept for edu cational purposes and to feed the stu dents. Academic Department While this institution gives instruc tion in the many forms of industrial education, yet it holds up to the stu dent the real value of academic training, and every student has of fered to him or her the very best aca demic course. Sports v An athletic field is being selected | for football, basketball and track | meets, as well as for military drill, j This school may train soldiers for our I government in the near future. | For some time the institution has been considering the training of negro soidiers as technicians in evarpentry, painting, blacksmithing and horse shoeing, automobile mechanics and the operation of the same. Important officials are expected at the Institution to confer with the trustees and the new principal, Mr G. R. Bridgeforth, concerning the same. Automobile repairing jand ing will be added as a regular course for giving men who enter the school this year special training. A large enrollment is expected. Business men of Topeka, interested in the Industrial and Educational In stitution. The new principal, G. R. Bridgeforth, has been gratified at the responses to a request for automobiles to be used in the school for this year for teaching the negro boys this trade, now in such demand to help win the war. CRUMP DELIVERS nil Bill DISCOURSE ~T~ Phoenix Colored Man Addresses Lo cal Audience on Part the Negro Race Is Taking in the World War (Special to The Phoenix Tribune) PRESCOTT, Ariz., SepL B.—William P. Crump, the colored orator from Phoenix, who was here last Sunday evening to address a gathering on the plaza, delivered a talk which (was pleasing to all of his hearers. The speaker took for his topic the subject, "The Negro and the War,” and spoke along lines of patriotism, detailing the part which the colored race in Amer ica was taking in helping to bring about the downfall of the Hun. Asserting his belief that the ma jority of the Americanized Germans were loyal to the United States, he recognized, he said, the fact that there was a certain per cent of them that was disloyal. His suggestion as to a good disposition of this disloyal min ority seemed to find many supporters in the audience. He said that he would not send them to detention camps to be fed and clothed at the expense of the American people, nor would he send them to penitentiaries with balls and chains around their legs, but that he would gather them together at some Atlantic sea port, load them on ships and start them back to the land of their birth. These ships should go through the subma rine danger zone, too, said the speak er, so that if the devil-divers made a mistake and sunk a ship which they believed to be carrying citizens of the Allied nations, no great harm would be resultant and only a few more Huns would be shunted down into hell. Mr. Crump said that the negro pop ulation of the United States comprised about one-tenth of the total inhabit ants, and that this race had taken upon itself the burden of carrying one tenth of the nation’s burden in win ning the war. The best manner to use in inoculating the whole popula tion With patriotism and love of coun try, he said, was to educate the masses, both white and colored. He cited the disrupted and chaotic coin ditions which are now prevailing in I Russia and Mexico and attributed such | conditions almost wholly to the 4ack of education of the majority of the in habitants. The facilities for educating the col ored children of Arizona were woe fully lacking, Mr. Crump said, and to illustrate his point he told of the un happy conditions which prevail at Phoenix in this regard. The colored children are compelled to get what Tittle tutoring they receive in a dark basement and many of them are in charge of a teacher who is an alien enemy and whose knowledge of the English language is remarkably / scant. Such conditions as these, he said, had a tendency to drive the colored boys and girls from school before they had acquired even the rudiments of an education. His plea was that the white citizens open their eyes to the great, advantage which will follow the complete education of the colored chil dren of this state and every other 'state, and instead of having a population which is lacking in educa tion and love of country, produce in stead a race which has been taught to love and respect the government un der which it is living. The Negroes do not seek social equality, but they I do ask to be treated more like other -citizens, legally and civilly. MESA HA The colored citizens of Mesa will give a grand war-time entertainment at Vance Auditorium, Thursday even ing, Sept. 19. A cordial invitation is extended the public. S. L. DANIELS, Mgr., Director. —Advt 5 CENTS A COPY; $2 A YEAR GERMAN EMPEROR ! WANTS CHANCE TO I KILLALL NEGROES KAISER COMMENTS ON NEGRO Mr. Arthur M. Davis, who was den- I tist to the kaiser for a number of I years, is writing a series of articles 1 for various publications In Europe, j in which he comments upon what the 1 kaiser thinks about different prob- J lems. Davis says that the kaiser is j much interested in the negro problem 1 and expressed the opinion that this | problem will always be present in the I United States because the whites and I blacks do not mix socially. After the J war started, the kaiser said: “Now is I your chance to solve the negro prob- 1 lem; send him across and let us 1 shoot him down.” Os course, we do I not know if the kaiser ever said such 1 a thing or not, but if he did he ig 8 now having his opportunity to settle I the negro question once and for all. I Either he will settle the negro or the I negro will settle him. I o 1 — I LOUISIANA HAS 542 MORE COL- I ORED DRAFTED MEN THAN 1 WHITE. 1 NEW ORLENAS, La. —According to I the records, there are 541 more col- I ored draftees in camps from the state I of Louisiana than white draftees. I Out of 82,820 white men registered E under the draft law in Louisiana in I 1917, there were 40,245 put in class 1. fl Out of this 40,245 in class 1, 19,589 fl have been sent to camp and 20,656 re- I main. E Out of 60,714 colored men registered I under the draft law in Louisiana in I 1917, there were 47,718 put in class 1, ■ and 20,130 have been sent to camp I 1 and 27,588 remain. E There are 541 more colored men ■ 1 in camps from Louisiana than white ■ 1 men, although there are 22,106 more ■ white men than colored men regis- H tered. There are 42,486 whites in I class 4 and 22,657 negroes in class 4. ■ o I §J§ MAY BAR BERMAN I WAR WIDOWS FROM I MARRYING AGAIII AMSTERDAM. —Enactment of afl law in Germany to* prevent widows® from remarrying so as to leave the® few available men for single womenl . is urged in a letter to the Tagu by a® Munich doctor, Herr Hans von Her-® . tig. He points out that the widows,® through re-iqarrying after the would have a detrimental effect . the birth rate. H “On December 1, 1910,” he “There were in Germany 300,000® widows between the ages of 18 and i At a very modest estimate, there now 800,000.” ® o •' ■ FIES SUTTER HE I MllOnillll On next Tuesday, September 10, Democratic voters of the state will called on to select a man for governor®| Fred Sutter, one. of the men who is candidate for the Democratic tion of governor of the state, 1 before the people solely upon his ord. The story of his life, how he by his own efforts, risen from a poo®| farmer boy to a position of power influence among the leading men the nation, has been given the Sutter is just a plain, Democrat, believing in equal for all and special privileges to He is a known enemy of 1. W. W.®l and all the forces of disorder. He iH|| l making the race for governor on ® : record based on honesty, integrity, - dustry and independence. If you s a well qualified, capable and expeiHß enced man for governor, when you to the polls Tuesday remember Sutter. '