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Phoenix tribune. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1918-193?, September 07, 1918, Image 1

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VOL. |. NO. 25
IN FRANCE, August.—One regiment j
of negroes in the American army
has had its baptism of fire on the
fighting fields of Fiance and ac
quitted itself so well that the French
commander of the sector has cited
the whole regiment as worthy of re
ceiving the war cross. This regi- j
ment’s repulse of the enemy attack
on the early morning of June 12 (Pos
sibly at Belleau wood or Bouresches)
was briefly referred to in the official (
A later and official report of the
engagement brings out the details and
gives credit to the officers and men
lor fine fighting qualities displayed in !
their initial experience under shell |
and fire. The French commander of
that sector has given the regiment
the highest possible commendation for
the results accomplished and the
splendid fighting spirit shown by the
American negroes.
For several days preceding the at
tack there were evidences that the
enemy was preparing to strike a blow.
Every precaution has been made for
meeting the move.
It was 2:15 on the morning of the
32th that the order to “stand to” was
given and all combat groups and the
machine gun section took their fight
ing position. The enemy artillery now
opened a violent bombardment, engag- 1
ing in a “box barage” five of our main
groups and the special machine-gun
opened a violent bombardment, en
position. The lines of this box bar
rage are well defined on the ground,
showing its outer circuit, with a con
siderable scattering wf 'hits inside.
The shells were mostly 775, with some
1555, gas, shrapnel and hig explosive. 1
The artillery bombardment was ex- j
tremely violent at the start and ta-1
pered off gradually until it stopped i
after thirty minutes.
Meantime, under cover of the artil
lery, the enemy infantry began its op
erations, adopting the infiltering pro
cess by which detached groups are I
sent forward at a number of points
stead of moving in a mass forma
tion. One group came on with two
light machine guns, firing a rather in
tense fire into one of our positions.
Another group was estimated to be
about twenty-five or thirty. At an
other point on our front a stationary
enemy patrol took position, firing with
two small machine guns. Now and
then squads would dart forward from
their gun positions. Eight Germans
got to the wire in front of one of our
positions and four others approached
at another point. Besides these as
sault groups which reached our line,-
there were undoubtedly additional
enemy forces in the assaulting column
and supporting columns which were
unable to enter the field.
The special machine gun group un
der command of Lieutenant L. E.
Shaw, was in one of the most exposed
centers of the fighting, being under
terrific artillery fire and the fire of
two German machine guns. The ene
my barrage was so close that it was
impossible to stand up, and Lieuten
ant Shaw controlled his guns by roll
ing from one to the* other.
His two guns fired 5,000 rounds.
Under this violent onslaught, the
men struck to their posts, carried out
every order without hesitation, often
under galling fire, and showed a high
degree of skill with their weapons
and coolnes sand courage. Each ma
chine gun jammed three times, was
partly disassembled and cleaned un
der fire, continuing in action through
out the engagement.
There were instances of individual
bravery during the action. Private
Howard Gaillard, with a small rapid
fire piece, was unable from his posi
tion to get a good fire to bear upon
the advancing enemy groups, bo he
coolly and with entire disregard of
danger, mounted the parapet, and
while enemy bullets were flying
around him, fired his rapid-fire piece
from the hip, first at one group and
then at the other. Privates Smith
field Jones and George Woods are es
pecially mentioned for' their coolness
ATLANTA, Ga. —A letter has been
i sent to President Wilson from repre
sentative Atlanta Negroes wfth an in
dorsement and expressing deep grati
j tude for the President’s recent ad
-1 dress denouncing mob law as a ‘ dis
! graceful evil.” Many prominent Ne
i groes of Georgia and Alabama signed
! the letter, which said, in part:
"We regard your address as the
! most significant expression emanat
ing from the White House since Lin
| coin wrote his emancipation proclama
‘ We thank you, praise God and take
Notwithstanding Senator Colter's
! father came to this State in its very
| earliest days, and his boy, Senator
j Fred T. Colter, was born in this state
j and lived here all his life; notwith
standing his public career equals, if
not exceeds, that of any man in this
state lor his age; notwithstanding he
began as a poor boy and quickly rose
to be a man of affairs, engaged in
farming, ranching, stock-raising, mer
j chandising and banking; notwith
! standing his splendid record in the
| Constitutional Conventions and two
j terms in the State Senate—that his
j record there shows him to be always
on the side of the people and of right;
notwithstanding he has obtained the
confidence of the Democracy of Ari
, zona to such an extent that he is the
; National Committeeman of Arizona;
‘ notwithstanding that he has served in
many capacities other than those mdh
tioned, as a public man and benefactor
of the state, with all this public career
cf his where he had the eyes of the
public on him for all these years, those
who are seeking to discredit him in
the eyes of the good Democrats of
! Arizona can find no act, no word, not
| even an omission of Fred T. Colter,
i upon which they can hang a criticism,
j Hence, the only thing they can resort
j to is the old, frazzledout one that they
‘attempted to use on Governor Hunt
'wo yearsfago, and now they try it on
: Senator Colter by saying he stands
! for “I. W. W.ism,” being a follower
and protege of Governor Hunt. How
cowardly! How puerile it is! How
i shameful it is!
i Mepliistoplielian practices are
doomed in Arizona! It shall not pass.
| JACKSON, Mich.—Two state boards |
I of examiners are in session here. The j
dental examiners have twenty appli
cants for licenses, among them a col
ored woman, the first in the history j
of the state, and two colored men. 1
The veterinary examiners have twen
ty-one applicants, seven of them being;
colored. The veterinarians expect to
complete their work early Tuesday,
j while the dentists will be in session
until some time Thursday.
o ,
St. Louis is to have a first-class col- j
ored hospital. It is to be located at |
i county superintendent. The extra
amount was declined on the ground
| that the colored people wanted to give
a part of the money needed.
in the face of violent shelling when
l they dismounted the machine guns
and then reassembled them and con
tinued firing until the close of the
action. Lieutenant R. C. Grame was
i in command of the group which re
| ceived the brunt of the enemy fire
which, besides the barrage, added a
heavy fire of large minenwerfers.
There was no flinching; the group al
ways worked under perfect control,
keeping all combat posts manned,
though three men were knocked down
by the explosion of shells. Others
commended for courage in the face of
fire are Corporal Frank Harden, Pri
| vate H. D. Brown, Crporal Bean, Ser
geant G. A. Morton and Private San
! ders.
Whatever may have been the object
: of the attack, it was successfully frus
trated. No enemy party succeeded in
! getting within assaulting distance on
• i any part of the line except at one
■ point, and here they were quickly
: pressed back and then driven off.
One Colored Man Killed, Shot in Back
by Guards Who Fired Without
Provocation or Command—Thirteen
White Men Arrested—Will Be Pun- :
ished If Found Guilty.
NEW YORK CITY, N. Y.—The facts
regarding the race riot at Camp Mer
ritt, N. J., on August 17, in which it
was reported that several men were
killed and wounded, were ascertained
today in an interview with Colonel J. j
A. Marmon, commanding officer of
the camp, by Walter F. White, assist-J
ant secretary of the National Associa- j
tion for the Advancement of Colored
People. The morning papers of Au
gust 20 stated that the camp was
closed to newspaper reporters and
others seeking in formation regarding
the disturbance, but the association, in
keeping with its policy of aiding the
government in allaying suspicion and
preventing friction between the races,
sent Mr. White to obtain the facts In
the case. These were given to him
freely by Colonel Marmon, and show
that the incident was not as serious as
was at first supposed.
On the night when the trouble oc
curred, two colored soldiers were
ejected from the Y. M. C. A. No. 2 byj
two southern white soldiers, when
their presence was resented by
the southern white men, although
there is no discrimination allowed in
any of the Y. M. C. A. buildings and
the colored soldiers had a perfect j
light to be there. As they left thej
I uilding a chair was thrown at them. I
Previous to this incident there had
been one or two minor clashes be
tween soldiers of both races, who
were quartered in adjacent sections of
the camp, which necessitated both
using the same general street. The
white soldiers involved were from
Mississippi, while the colored were
from Camps Dodge, Taylor, Grant and
Sherman. About half an hour after
the ejection of the two soldiers from
Y. M. C. A. Np. 2, a white soldier was
cut by a colored soldier. Contrary to
press accounts, he was not badly cut
nor has he died. Colonel Marmon
j stated that his wounds were so trivial
that it has been unnecessary for the
i wounded man to appear at a hospital
| for treatment. For this reason, they
j have been unable to learn who the
j wounded man is nor has it been pos
sible to learn who is the assailant.
Shortly after this occurrence,
I groups of soldiers of both races gath
ered in one of the camp streets and
! threats were passed. Fearing trouble j
the guard was called out and orders
were given to the men to disperse,
i The guard consisted of between 30
! and 40 men in charge of a sergeant.
! Standing at a short distance from the
I guard, officers of both the white and
colored troops conferred as to the
>est method of preventing trouble. A
group of colored troops were moving
away in obedience to the command of I
the guard, when suddenly, without a
command being give, shots rang out
and five of the colored men fell. The
seregant in command of the guard
rueshed in at once and knocked up
the guns to prevent further firing. One
colored soldier was killed, four wound
ed, none of'them seriously, and hll
will recover. The most seriously
wounded of the four has a bullet
wound in his groin and one of the
fingers of his left hand is shot off,
evidently by the same bullet. The
man killed was shot in the back.
The guns or tne guards were imme
diately examined after the shooting
and thirteen of them were found to
.! have been fired. The thirteen men
to whom these guns belonged were
immediately arrested and placed in
the guard house. Colonel Marmon
: stated that these men would be tried
! for firing without orders and pun
! ished if found guilty.
The camp is now entirely quiet and
no further trouble is anticipated.
GADSDEN, Ala. —A slacker cage
has been erected in Courthouse
square here, with a warning placard j
j “Big Enough for All” placed upon it. j
A notice signed “Ku Klux Klan,” j
i printed in red, gives warning that
\ loafers must go to work and that every
person must do his part to help win
the war or suffer the penalty of the j
cage, accompanied with a coat of tar
and feathers
.] o
; ;• •> •> •>,
♦ •!• v•>4 l •> v - 4* •> I
The colored girls of Ajo are all ,
smiles this week. Why? Because!
Company D, 26tlv infantiy, is here. 1
Yes, they are here and they surely are |
welcome to. our city. We wish they |
■ j could stay here all the time, but then,
[you know, our Uncle Sam has some-1
i thing to say about that. The 25th came
I over from Hawaii.
The church was crowded Sunday
: evening at the baptizing. The first
time in the history of Ajo that there
1 has been a candidate for baptism. The j
! soldiers seemed to enjoy the services !
.very much. The soldiers are welcome
, to our services and we want them to
i know It. The B. Y. P. U. meets on
.Wednesday evening at 8 o’clock.
■ People’s Forum meets Friday even
i ing, 8 p. m. Preaching, Sunday even
ing at 8 o’clock. Come, you are wel
, come.
1 Rev. Vaughn of the 25th, Infantry
will lecture at the Green Lee Baptist i
church Wednesday evening. His sub
ject will be. The Missions of Hawaii.
Remember the date, September 11.
The ladies of the Baptist church
( are planning an entertainment for the
( soldiers in the near future. Watch
t for the date.
I Twenty-four copies of The Tribune
| this week, please. Didn’t have near
| enough to go around last week.
•J* •/ •*« »%
i 4* Rev. Edw. Jones, Representative •!•
4 4* 4* 4* 4' v 4* 4* 4* 4* 4*
. Services at the C. M. E. church on
[ last Sunday were grand. In the ab
, sence of the pastor, the Rev. Edward
Jones conducted services. Two were
! ( added to the church roll, one coming
( to the Baptist and the other to the
Methodist church. We went over the
top financially, raising the sum of
L s
! 15166.78. The people of Douglas are
. hard to beat.
1 We are pleased to have with us Mr.
Nelson Mason of California, who is
here for the purpose of taking an ac
tive part in political affairs. Mr. Ma
son says that if he is successful in
’ landing his candidates in office, he is
going to make his home in Phoenix,
i We wish you success, Mr. Mason.
J i ~
People are coming west every day.
They are leaving the south, where all
1 that race prejudice,- discrimination
and lynching is being practiced. Our
' people are learning of a better place
- to live and they are going to it. Two
1 new families came to Douglas last
week. They were Mr. August and
; wife and two children from Lake j
’! Charles, La., and Mr. and Mrs. Perry j
and son from Oklahoma. Mr. August |
Is a carpenter by trade and should he I
■ find suitable employment he will !
make Douglas his home. We welcome
i all good citizens to our city.
Mrs. Edward Jones always likes to
be at her post Sunday morning in
■ Sunday school, as she is the superin
tendent. The doctor told her to re
, main quiet, but she just would come
Into the church and watch the chil
, dren in their' classes. She could not
stand it very long and went hack to
bed. She is much better now.
’ Mrs. B. Porter, who has been on the
sick list for some time, suffering
with rheumatism, returned this week
from El Paso, where she went to seek
1 relief.
* Next Sunday will be communion
day at both the C. M. E. and Baptist
churches. The pastors of both the
• church request the presence of all
members. (
- Douglas, Arizona,
Sept. 3, 1918.
The Phoenix Tribune, Phoenix.
Dear Editor: I am very proud to
say that the Phoenix Tribune goes
| like hot cakes and I could sell twice
| as many if I received them on Satur
i days. I have on my stand the Phoe
i nix Tribune, Chicago Defender, Indi
, anapolis Freeman, Dallas Express, San
i Antonio Eye Opener and the Crisis,
, but, believe me, the Tribune leads and
i the others follow. Among my cus
! toiners are several white people who
j buy the Tribune every week.
Whenever my deposit for papers is
used up, let me know and there will
be a remittance forthwith. The peo
ple know the Tribune “delivers the
goods” and they are clamoring for it.
Wishing you continued success, I re
‘ main, yours truly,
Proprietor Reedom News Stand.
The Topeka Industrial and Educa
tional Institute will open Tuesday,
September 10, 1918. The school will
as usual have a strong faculty and a
large student body. The dormitories
are being renovated and put into re
pair for the comfort of all.
The Trades Building for young men
will be especially equipped to teach
iron work, wood work and tailoring.
In the Girls’ Trades building will be
taught domestic science and domestic
art .with laboratories and equipment
not surpassed by any institution of
its grade, and where many young
women have been trained as home
makers and teachers.
Agriculture \
Kansas is distinctly an agricultural
state. Any institution that must
serve the people cannot neglect the
agricultural interest. This institution
—with this in mind —has purchased
a farm of 110 acres of land upon
which young men are given farm
practice and young women a splendid I
opportunity to study agriculture, poul- j
try and trucking.
The school has a nice herd of Hol
stein cattle to produce milk for the
school and to supply models for study
of the best dairy breeds. A good herd
of Duroc Jersey hogs are kept for edu
cational purposes and to feed the stu
Academic Department
While this institution gives instruc
tion in the many forms of industrial
education, yet it holds up to the stu
dent the real value of academic
training, and every student has of
fered to him or her the very best aca
demic course.
v An athletic field is being selected
| for football, basketball and track
| meets, as well as for military drill,
j This school may train soldiers for our
I government in the near future.
| For some time the institution has
been considering the training of negro
soidiers as technicians in evarpentry,
painting, blacksmithing and horse
shoeing, automobile mechanics and
the operation of the same.
Important officials are expected at
the Institution to confer with the
trustees and the new principal, Mr
G. R. Bridgeforth, concerning the
Automobile repairing jand
ing will be added as a regular course
for giving men who enter the school
this year special training. A large
enrollment is expected.
Business men of Topeka, interested
in the Industrial and Educational In
The new principal, G. R. Bridgeforth,
has been gratified at the responses to
a request for automobiles to be used
in the school for this year for teaching
the negro boys this trade, now in
such demand to help win the war.
nil Bill
Phoenix Colored Man Addresses Lo
cal Audience on Part the Negro
Race Is Taking in the
World War
(Special to The Phoenix Tribune)
PRESCOTT, Ariz., SepL B.—William
P. Crump, the colored orator from
Phoenix, who was here last Sunday
evening to address a gathering on the
plaza, delivered a talk which (was
pleasing to all of his hearers. The
speaker took for his topic the subject,
"The Negro and the War,” and spoke
along lines of patriotism, detailing the
part which the colored race in Amer
ica was taking in helping to bring
about the downfall of the Hun.
Asserting his belief that the ma
jority of the Americanized Germans
were loyal to the United States, he
recognized, he said, the fact that there
was a certain per cent of them that
was disloyal. His suggestion as to a
good disposition of this disloyal min
ority seemed to find many supporters
in the audience. He said that he
would not send them to detention
camps to be fed and clothed at the
expense of the American people, nor
would he send them to penitentiaries
with balls and chains around their
legs, but that he would gather them
together at some Atlantic sea port,
load them on ships and start them
back to the land of their birth. These
ships should go through the subma
rine danger zone, too, said the speak
er, so that if the devil-divers made a
mistake and sunk a ship which they
believed to be carrying citizens of the
Allied nations, no great harm would
be resultant and only a few more
Huns would be shunted down into
Mr. Crump said that the negro pop
ulation of the United States comprised
about one-tenth of the total inhabit
ants, and that this race had taken
upon itself the burden of carrying one
tenth of the nation’s burden in win
ning the war. The best manner to
use in inoculating the whole popula
tion With patriotism and love of coun
try, he said, was to educate the
masses, both white and colored. He
cited the disrupted and chaotic coin
ditions which are now prevailing in
I Russia and Mexico and attributed such
| conditions almost wholly to the 4ack
of education of the majority of the in
The facilities for educating the col
ored children of Arizona were woe
fully lacking, Mr. Crump said, and to
illustrate his point he told of the un
happy conditions which prevail at
Phoenix in this regard. The colored
children are compelled to get what
Tittle tutoring they receive in a dark
basement and many of them are in
charge of a teacher who is an alien
enemy and whose knowledge of the
English language is remarkably / scant.
Such conditions as these, he said, had
a tendency to drive the colored boys
and girls from school before they had
acquired even the rudiments of an
education. His plea was that the
white citizens open their eyes to the
great, advantage which will follow the
complete education of the colored chil
dren of this state and every other
'state, and instead of having a
population which is lacking in educa
tion and love of country, produce in
stead a race which has been taught to
love and respect the government un
der which it is living. The Negroes
do not seek social equality, but they
I do ask to be treated more like other
-citizens, legally and civilly.
The colored citizens of Mesa will
give a grand war-time entertainment
at Vance Auditorium, Thursday even
ing, Sept. 19. A cordial invitation is
extended the public.
S. L. DANIELS, Mgr., Director.
Mr. Arthur M. Davis, who was den- I
tist to the kaiser for a number of I
years, is writing a series of articles 1
for various publications In Europe, j
in which he comments upon what the 1
kaiser thinks about different prob- J
lems. Davis says that the kaiser is j
much interested in the negro problem 1
and expressed the opinion that this |
problem will always be present in the I
United States because the whites and I
blacks do not mix socially. After the J
war started, the kaiser said: “Now is I
your chance to solve the negro prob- 1
lem; send him across and let us 1
shoot him down.” Os course, we do I
not know if the kaiser ever said such 1
a thing or not, but if he did he ig 8
now having his opportunity to settle I
the negro question once and for all. I
Either he will settle the negro or the I
negro will settle him. I
o 1 — I
NEW ORLENAS, La. —According to I
the records, there are 541 more col- I
ored draftees in camps from the state I
of Louisiana than white draftees. I
Out of 82,820 white men registered E
under the draft law in Louisiana in I
1917, there were 40,245 put in class 1. fl
Out of this 40,245 in class 1, 19,589 fl
have been sent to camp and 20,656 re- I
main. E
Out of 60,714 colored men registered I
under the draft law in Louisiana in I
1917, there were 47,718 put in class 1, ■
and 20,130 have been sent to camp I
1 and 27,588 remain. E
There are 541 more colored men ■
1 in camps from Louisiana than white ■
1 men, although there are 22,106 more ■
white men than colored men regis- H
tered. There are 42,486 whites in I
class 4 and 22,657 negroes in class 4. ■
o I
AMSTERDAM. —Enactment of afl
law in Germany to* prevent widows®
from remarrying so as to leave the®
few available men for single womenl
. is urged in a letter to the Tagu by a®
Munich doctor, Herr Hans von Her-®
. tig. He points out that the widows,®
through re-iqarrying after the
would have a detrimental effect
. the birth rate. H
“On December 1, 1910,” he
“There were in Germany 300,000®
widows between the ages of 18 and
i At a very modest estimate, there
now 800,000.” ®
o •' ■
On next Tuesday, September 10,
Democratic voters of the state will
called on to select a man for governor®|
Fred Sutter, one. of the men who is
candidate for the Democratic
tion of governor of the state,
1 before the people solely upon his
ord. The story of his life, how he
by his own efforts, risen from a poo®|
farmer boy to a position of power
influence among the leading men
the nation, has been given the
Sutter is just a plain,
Democrat, believing in equal
for all and special privileges to
He is a known enemy of 1. W. W.®l
and all the forces of disorder. He iH||
l making the race for governor on ®
: record based on honesty, integrity,
- dustry and independence. If you
s a well qualified, capable and expeiHß
enced man for governor, when you
to the polls Tuesday remember
Sutter. '

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