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1 * J y *■ -- y * * T • j PHOENIX jm TRIBUNE; VOL. 1. NO. 32 EDUCATION IS OUR ONLY SALVATION BLACK MAN IH GEORGIA f OWNER OF WORLD’S j FIST BARBER SHOP; i •A Remarkable Rise of An Industrious , Colored Man From a One-Chair . Shop to Ownership of Twenty five-Chair Shop—Reputed the Finest in the World j, (Special to The Tribune) , • Atlanta, Ga„ Oct. 19—The Atlanta |, Constitution, Georgia’s biggest news- ( paper, devoted a whole page to an article which informed Its readers < "that this city boasts the finest bar- ber shop in the wor’d. This import- ] ant information would be of little in- i terest to the colored people of the 1 United States, were it not for the fact that the owner and manager of ; this shop, Mr. A. F. Herndon, Is a very prominent member of our race. Besides producing a nice big photo of Mr. Herndon, the edition presented the history of such a grand place, which traces back as far as a one- ' chair shop with the "boss” himself in the box. He was always at his post and greeted everyone with a I smile. From one chair, he developed 1 to four and it was then he adopted the motto: "Service First.” The 1 business increased rapidly and it be- i came necessary to make it an eight- 1 1 chair shop. It was then considered : , the pride of the city and every one was delighted to frequent such a>' place. Mr. Herndon catered to the trade and made a big success of the busi ‘ ness. He now operates twenty-five chairs and the shop is termed: "The 1 Palace Barber Shop of the World.” The shop has all colored barbers. 1 cashier girls, bootblacks and atten- ’ dants. All barbers are dressed in : white suits, white shoes and cream bow ties. Fresh suits every day is * ■ the rule. 1 Mr. Herndon is very proud of his employes and at his mansion every 1 New Year, he entertains with a big 1 ball especially for them. His home 1 is unquestionably Ihe finest in the South that is owned by a black man j : and is considered a close rival of Madam Walker's palace in New York City. Other shops have been purchased j by Mr. Herndon, some were right in I the heart of the city, but none of; ; them equaled or anything like com pared with the UNDISPUTED CHAM PION on Peachtree street. o TEXANS FELICITATE GENERAL PERSHING Washington.—On the 14th of Sep tember, the colored people formally 1 took notice that it was the 58lh birth day anniversary of General John J. 1 Pershing. The following telegram, signed by Allen G. Perkins, Thomas H. Love and Cornelius J. Williams, was sent through the office of Emmett J. Scott’s special assistant to Genera! Pershing in France: “As Galveston Negroes, assembled j to rehearse for Liberty Chorus No. 1, under War Community Service, we are reminded that today is the 58th anniversary of the birth of the chief figure in America’s Expeditionary Forces, General John J. Pershing. As ! he commands and leads the soldiers of our country, among whom are members of our race, our prayers as cend for him and his command. We send through you our felicitations to him. and give assurance of our allegi ance in every way in the cause for v liich he is- battling.” o « * COLORED SOLDIERS WRECK POLICE STA. NORFOLK, Va., Oct.—An infuriated crowd of 300 colored soldiers from Camp Morrison last Friday night com pletely wrecked the Second precinct police station here in an attempt to rescue two soldiers who had been ar rested on a frivolous charge. Nearly all the windows were broken by flying bullets, bricks and bottles before the officers could open on them with pis tols. Ten colored soldiers and civilians; were Bhot in the exchange of bullets j before the arrival of police reserves. I NEGRO SELLS THREE AERIAL BOMBS TO U. S. GOVERNMENT COLUMBUS, Ga„ Oct—(Special)— Julius Hart, colored, chauffeur for Dr. W. L. Bullar, has invented three aerial j bombs which promise to net him a ; fortune. Two have already been ac- j cepted by the government, one of them at a price of $15,000, while the price for the other has not yet been an nounced. , The bombs shoot in different direc tions, one 50 times before the chief j explosion comes; another 60 times,! and a third 1000 times before the final I discharge. Hart, who is 25 years old, is a form- | er resident of Union Point, Ga. He j got some of his ideas from Lieutenant i Bentley Chappell, who told him of j various ingenious bombs used on the ! battle front.—Atlanta Constitution. o Looking Ahead By E. J. Moore Are we looking forward to the of the war? Have we begun to plan for the great commercial era that will be ushered in when the roar of the cannon shall have ceased? Let us hope so. If you are receiving good wages now, if you are making more money than you ever did before, re member that this is an abnormal con dition brought on by urgent war need | and the like. But. when the war is j over the re-action is bound to set in, | and as a consequence, wages will take a tumble, jobs will be less plentiful, and somebody will be left out in the cold. Now is the time to exercise fore sight by saving all we can. Every War Savings Stamp we buy is that much saved. Every dollar invested in Liberty Bonds is just that much saved, and will mean much to you when the war is over. This is an opportunity that has come to the door of nearly every one of us. Are we taking advantage' of it? Such an opportunity' seldom comes more than once in a life-time. Shall we let it pass? There are some who are taking full advantage of these opportunities, and who will have something to show when the lean days come. But on tlio other hand, there are those who still say, "easy come, easy go”. Let the j minister talk about it from the pul ! pit; let the teacher tell her pupils j about it in the school room; let the threatres throw it on the screens; let secret societies incouch it in their i proclamations. J i There is much need of a Negro j Welfare Society, whose members 1 would make it a point to visit places j where the careless element of the | race gathers in large numbers, and speak to them from time to time on the necessity of savings their earnings during these prosperous times'. Many of them have had little or no train ing and have no conception of the efficacy of saving. In the pool-room, in the dance hall, in the club, is to bo found an element that is often overlooked in our haste for racial betterment. o COLORED MAN REGISTERED AS A WHITE MUST SERVE CAPE GIRARDEAU, Mo., Oct.—Mr. Rufus C. Burgess, 4145 N. Middle st., who was registered last June by the local draft board, and later classified as a white man because of an error which classed him as a white man, and who later was sent to Camp Dodge, will have to serve in the army through a ruling of the War Depart ment because all the registrants, both white and colored, of his class are ex | pected to be called to the colors this month. Friends of Mr. Burgess here imme diately took up his case with Hon. Emmett J. Scott, who promptly re-; ferred the case to Provost Marshal General Crowder. The War Depart ment had already held that local boards had the power of determining the color of a registrant, and as all men in Class 1, both white and col 'ored, will be called to the colors this month, it did not appear that any In justice had been done in the Burgess | case. Mr. Scott took especial pains to give his immediate attention to the case, which is of unusual importance, because Burgess was called to camp several weeks ahead of time because lof the error. WILSON DISAPPROVES OF DEATH SENTENCE FOR NEGRO SOLDIER i Confessed Murderer Believed by Presi dent to Have Been Insane at Time of Murder Announcement has been made in Washington that President Wilson | had disapproved of death imposed by | a court martial upon Private Layton I James, who confessed to having shot J and killed Mrs. Rose Harrity of Brook | lyn and Private Michael Maloney at | Camp Upton last. May. The Presi | dent’s disapproval of the sentence was ■ based upon his agreement with re ports that showed the murderer was j insane at the time of the crime was I committed. James, a Negro, for several days after the murder escaped suspicion that he had been concerned in the slaying. He was attached to Company C, 367th Infantry. On May 5 Mrs. Har rity, a widow and neighbor of Private Maloney’s family, left her home at 39 Fourth street and went to Camp Upton to visit*Maloney. They were in a small woods toward the edge of the reserva tion when Maloney and the Negro be came involved in an altercation. James shot Maloney and turned his rifle up on Mrs. Harrity when she endeavored to aid her escort. Immediately after the murder James ran out of the woods, crossed an open section of the reservation, and then fell into the ranks of those running toward the scene of the murder. Sen tries who were on duty eventually re , called a Negro known among his fel lows as “Ootmeal” run from the woods just after the shooting. That was James’ nickname in the ramp and a few days later he confessed. James always carried a Bible with him and even read it while the police were questioning him about the slaying. It is understood that the original court-martial will cause James to be committed f io an institution for the insane. NEW BAPTIST CHURCH The colored people of Miami and Lower Miami are taking the prelim inary steps for building a house of worship. They have a Baptist church , organization with a strong member* I ship and are building up on that basis ! while getting in shape to secure them- J selves a church home. One of the copper companie s has offered to donate a vreant lot for the building and the colored people are now starting to secure the money for building operations in the future. Rev. A. Lawrence, pastor of the white Baptist church in Lower Miami, has been chosen by them to act as chairman of their finances committee and aid them in an advisory capacity. Officers of the Colored Baptist i church organization who will have the matter in charge are C. F. Wat kins and T. J. Jorman, deacons; Mrs. W. F. Watkins, clerk; Rev. S. E. New ell, vice moderator. They appeal to the white people of the district to aid them in this church building enterprise, and say | that the colored people are not strong ; enough numerically or financially to accomplish it without the help of the white people. Ti\ey are not expecting to build an elaborate structure, but want a church home where they may be able to do a more successful work for Christ and humanity. They are all sacrificin ga portion of their meager earnings for the months to come to secure this house of worship and ear nestly appeal to the citizens generally . to aid them. No doubt they will and should meet with a hearty and liberal- response to this appeal to the community. o | WHAT INSPIRED STUDENT TO COMPOSE HYMN “ AMERICA' ’ ! i The well-known hymn beginning • “My Country, ’Tis of Thee” and known i! by the name of “America,” was writ - ■ ten by the Rev. Samuel Franciao i j Smith. He was born in Boston, Oc i tober 21, 1806; was educatde at HaP > vard and studied theology at An , ;dover; was for many years a Baptist >; minister and later did other church } j work. In a letter concerning the j poem the author said: “It was writ- ARIZONA’S GREATEST WEEKLY PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1918 COLORED DELEGATION CALLS ON PRESIDENT A colored delegation was received by President Wilson on the first in stant. These men were delegates to [the National race congress, which was then in session in Washington, D. C. The Rev. W. H. Jernagin, who acted as spokesman for this delegation, as sured the President of the loyalty of 12,000,000 members of his race and called his attention to undemocratic practices against our people by cer tain officials of the government. He asked that the principles of democ racy be applied lo our race and that we be given an equal opportunity. NEGRO HAS 12 SONS FIGHTING IN U.S. ARMY Father and Daughter in Red Cross Work—Splendid Record of Loyalty New Orleans, La.—Twelve of his nineteen sons in the army and navy, a thirteenth son eager and ready to go, and of the twelve at war there are two sets of twins, one set of triplets, and the other five just individuals. That’s the record of the Rev. R. H. Windslow’s family living' near Ray ville, La. Rev. Winslow is a race Baptist minister, and besides the rec ord of sons in the service he boasts a single daughter and himself as mem bers of the Richmond Parish Chapter. He cinducts a church auxiliary of the Red Cross. Besides Rev. Windslow owns three Liberty Bonds. News of the record numbers of sons in service and believed an inspiration and note of patriotism for every col ored family in the country came thru the Aemrican Red Cross. A field rep resentative of the Gulf Division, A. R. C., was in Rayville the other clay and heard of the remarkable family. Rev. Winslow in 67 years old, and was born in Montgomery county, Ala. His 12 sons were last heard from at Camp Upton and it is believed they are all overseas now. They are Ben nie, Lee, George and Lafayette, twins Robbins, Williams and James, twins; Matthew, Mark and Luke, triplets, drafted —Jeff, Johnnie and Archie. GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL PEACES JIM CROW SIGN AT U. S. ARSENAL Charge “Jim Crow” Signs Have Been Posted in New Building Claim Cap tain in Charge, Who Recently Came From South is Bitterly Prejudiced. St. Louis, Mo.—Complaint has been made by the Colored laborers in the Quartermaster's Department at the Arsenal, that three-foot “Jim Crow” signs have been placed over or near the doors to toilets designating cer tain ones to be used for Colored. These' signs are in the recently com pleted building, where there are about 200 Colored men employed. They were put up about a week ago, it is stated, and are in no other building at the Arsenal. Prejudiced Captain Blamed Men in the building point to the coming of Captain Daugherty from Arkansas, three weeks ago, to take charge. They claim that Daugherty is bitterly prejudiced against Negroes and the signs l\ave only been put up since he took charge. Dismisses Colored Clerk A Colored clerk, named Short, the only one at the Arsenal, was dis charged about ten days after Captain Daugerty’s arrival. Short came here from Washington. It Is claimed that he was discharged at one time by Daugherty in Arkansas. ten at Andover during my student life there and was first sung public ly at a Sunday school celebration, July 4, at Park Street church, Bos ton. I had in my possession a num ber of song books from which I was selecting such music as pleased me, and finding ‘God Save the King’, I proceeded to give it the ring of Am - erican patriotism." SIOO,OOO EIRE AT IIISKEGEE DESTROYS TRADES BUILDING Estimate Loss of More Than $85,000 Results From Fire of Undetermined Origin.—Members of Army Train ing Corps Assist in Saving Equipment Tuskegee, Ala. —The boys industrial and trades building of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute was destroyed by fire shortly before last midnight, with an estimated loss rang ing between $85,000 and SIOO,OOO. The | origin of the fire was not determined, J the alarm having been turned in by the watchman at 11 o’clock. Students, teachers and members of the student army training corps worked energeti cally anil were able to save a portion of the equipment. TUOSON Bv S. E. Newell Tucson, Ariz., Oct. 23. —The epi demic of influenza is the chief topic of the day. While the ban is on and there is no place to go the people of Tucson are have thd newsy little Tribune to read. They say it is the only paper that brings the news red hot from the fprge. Referring to the article that ap peared in last week’s issue of the Tribune, in regard to the great Ne groes that Texas has produced, I de sire to say that this article struck a responsive chord and sent joy to tho hearts of the colored population of this oily. Yes. indeed, about 95 per cent of the Negroes of Tucson are from the Lone Star State. I can now hear them say the Phoenix Tribune is multum in parvo. We are pleased lo report the con dition of Mrs. Lizzie White as greatly improved. Mrs. Georgia Lee Gaskin was laid to rest on last Friday morning. She died after being ill for only a few days. She leaves a husband, a son, a mother, three sisters, three brothers and a host of friends and other rela tives to mourn her loss. We can all sing; “When we meet beyond the river, where the surges cease to roll.” Mr. and Mrs. R. F. Lewis, their daughter Margaret and son Brakston A. 'bid farewell to Tucson on last Tuesday morning, Oct. 22. The board ed the ast bound train No. 110 for , New Orleans, La. They will remain j I in that city for a while and then jour- 1 I ney further east. The loyal members of Mt. Calvary ! Baptist church are assisting the pas tor in paying what the church ewes to foreign missions. The following are the amounts paid by organizations and individuals: Sunday school, $5; B. Y. P. U„ $5, S. E. Newell, $1; H. Banks, $1; Mrs. Robt. Charles. 50c; H. J. Hayes, $1; Mr. Duckworth, $1: Mrs. Raven, $1; Mr. and Mrs. B. F. Williams, 50c each; Mrs. Maggie Turner, 50c; John H. Moore, 50c; Mrs. M. Noble, 50c; Mrs. Sarah Berkley,! $1; Mrs. Lucile Maclimore, 50c; Mrs.! N. F. Robinson, 50c. Notwithstanding j we are denied the privilege of hold ing services, yet the missionary spir it is so deep in our souls we are de termined to make ourselves felt in our humble way, by doing what our hands find to do towards helping those who are less fortunate than ourselves. Therefore, in the language of Dr. Watts,^ we say: “And are we yet alive to see each other’s face; Glory and praise to Jesus give, for His redeem ing grace.” o : RAY Ray, Ariz., Oct. 23. Mr. and Mrs. I E. A. Henderson of Superior, Ariz.,-are the proud parents of a nine pound girl, born Thursday, Oct. 17. Mother and daughter are doing nicely, but it is not likely the father will recover so soon and should he ever recover, it is thought that he will never look the same. The little girl has been named lone. Mrs. Henderson was formerly Miss Mayme Reed of Ray. Spanish influenza is rapid )y in this section. The latest reports give the number of cases in Ray and Sonora Town as six hundred. Only fifteen deaths have been reported to date. Not a single colored person has been afflicted with the disease as yet. Mose Davis failed to pass the physi cal examination and has been re-class- | COLORED MAN GETS 50 LBS. SUGAR A MONTH FOR HOME j Farmer Who Is Feeding 24 Children Appealed to Food Administra tion and Wins DALLAS, Tex., Oct.—Steve Rose borough, a Negro farmer of Dallas county, has been allowed more sugar in Texas. for table use than any other person Steve is the father and guardian of 24 children, who are now with him, and he complained because grocery men would not sell him more than 10 pounds of sugar a month. Steve ap pealed to the State Food Administra j tion, and showed that he was entitled | to 50 pounds of sugar a month on the i basis of two pounds for each person. He has been given authority to pur chase that amount. Besides the 24 children and wards Steve has three boys on the battle fronts in France. Steve produced 30 bales of cotton this year, and has dis posed of it at around 33 cents. He is 60 years old and has invested in Liberty Bonds, Thrift Stamps and various war fund enterprises. o Take Courage Lift up your heads, ye twelve mil lion persecuted sons of sable hue, hu miliated and heart-broken as you are; be of good Cheer and go forth to do your part in helping make the world safe for Democracy. When real true Democracy comes, it will bring you your rights, liberties, privileges and the protection due you as the noblest citizens of America. o HOW PILF DRIVING RECORDWAS BROKEN “King” Burwell—otherwise Capt. Edward Burwell, Negro leader of a gang of 11 Negro pile drivers —cred- its Robert Bruce with the inspiration which led his crew to break the world’s record in driving piles on shipway No. 46 at Hog Island. “If at first you don’t succeed, try, try again,” reads the placard on the pile-driving machine to which he pointed, smiling, when he was. asked how he and his men had happened to break the record 5 :" “That sign filled our crew with en thusiasm,” he said. "We decided one night that a new world's record would j be made on the morrow, and it was. iOf course, we had some mechanical troubles, but the men, instead of fret ting and fuming, just looked at the sign and started in with renewed vig or. The result was that the record was smashed. . “I ata glad that the record was made at Hog Island. Here, if a man can deliver the goods in getting the ships out on schedule time, he gets the same credit and appreciation, be he white or black. It is a won derful illustration of the spirit with i which-we are all working han,d in hand !to defeat the land-grabbing, cruel , Huns.” WOMEN SECTION HANDS ON THE SOUTHERN R. R. EVANSVILLE, Ind.—The Louisville & Nashville Railroad company has employed Negro women on the Provi dence, Ky., division of the road as section hands to take the places of the Negro men who have been called to the colors. The women work eight hours a day and are doing the same work the men did and are paid the same wages. They are said to be doing satisfactory work, and it is ex pected the railroad company will in stall Negro women on other divis ions, and it is probable that other rail road companies will do the same thing. Many of the Negro women say that they would rather do work on the section than be engaged in housework and that the wages are better. ified and placed in Class A-5. Since he can't go to the front in France,, Mose says he will remain active on the Ray “front.” Frank Smith received a picture of Vernett Stewart, dressed in his army regalia. He is stationed at Camp Funston. 5 CENTS A COPY; $2 A YEAR SIM 111! Mill ItIMHHMHTS Os HOUCK RACE Education Improves the Virtue and Morality of Other Races and Will Do as Much for Negro, Says Maryland Mayor “The proper place for the Negro, and the only place for the Negro, is here in America. Some times the ways of God are dark and inscrutable, but out of the gloom, the uncertainty and the storm, the sun comes forth in all its noonday splendor and the world has become more fit for the coming of the King of Glory. The American nation today realizes it. “And as the Colored race is with us his salvation and our salvation re quires that he be educated, not only in the primary grades, but in secon dary schools and colleges, with men and women of their own race to teach them to think and act upon all public questions themselves and not from prejudice, and to teach their people the duties of citizenship, to teach them to be sober, industrious and thrifty, so that they may be bet ter citizens, and may by their correct living and right living earn for them selves the respect and confidence of their fellow men. “I want to bear witness to the prog ress which the Colored race of Mary land is making, and this exhibition and getting together may prove an object lesson to all our people and a further to youlrselves. I believe the Colored people are becom ing more and more prosperous, see the good which comes from having sanitary homes, are becoming more and more independent in thinking and acting, and are becoming better prepared to exercise the right citizen ship, which, as I say, I have some times thought had been prematurely' placed upon them. “I want the Negroes of Maryland to have every reasonable opportunity for education. I want to see them in more thrifty and better homes. I want to see them the owners of homes of their own, for the man who is proud of his home is a better and more respected citizen. I want to see them with higher ideals of morals. I want to see them with sanitary homes so that the death rate among them may be materially lowered. I want to see them become more inde pendent and enlightened on all public questions, so that, like other races or citizens, they may act and decide upon the questions of politics and govern ment, upon the principles which should govern men and parties, and I believe, to express the honest views of the best men of all political parties when I say by doing so they will be rendering a better service to their race, to their party and to their state. Must Be Potent “Some people have contended that education of the Negro would unfit him for his work. Experienqe teaches nothing of the sort. Education im proves the morality and virtue of other races. "Your race must be patient, and the south must be patient. I believe the whites of the south understand the Negro and are his best friends. They have taxed themselves in order to give you a chance for an education, and while all has not been done that should be done, the nation should help the south, and is going to help. Ignor ance is the most fruitful source of human ills, and the chain is no strong er than its weakest - link. The good results shown in the progress and education of the Negro justifies exten sion of his educational opportunities. No country can fulfill its destiny with one third of its population undevelop ed and inefficient.” NOTHING IN PARTICULAR On and after October 21st If you happen to have to seat at a restaur ant only order meat, and don’t ever think of bacon and eggs, because you won’t get them. There will be no more sugar howls on the tables and only one teaspoonful will be served to a customer and then you will get no double cream in either your coffee or tea. Eat few, if any fried dishes and beware —don’t hold any banquets. The above orders will help our boys to knock the H out of the Hun “Over There.”