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Phoenix tribune. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1918-193?, October 26, 1918, Image 1

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PHOENIX jm TRIBUNE;
VOL. 1. NO. 32
EDUCATION IS OUR ONLY SALVATION
BLACK MAN IH GEORGIA f
OWNER OF WORLD’S j
FIST BARBER SHOP;
i
•A Remarkable Rise of An Industrious ,
Colored Man From a One-Chair .
Shop to Ownership of Twenty
five-Chair Shop—Reputed the
Finest in the World
j,
(Special to The Tribune) ,
• Atlanta, Ga„ Oct. 19—The Atlanta |,
Constitution, Georgia’s biggest news- (
paper, devoted a whole page to an
article which informed Its readers <
"that this city boasts the finest bar-
ber shop in the wor’d. This import- ]
ant information would be of little in- i
terest to the colored people of the 1
United States, were it not for the
fact that the owner and manager of ;
this shop, Mr. A. F. Herndon, Is a
very prominent member of our race.
Besides producing a nice big photo
of Mr. Herndon, the edition presented
the history of such a grand place,
which traces back as far as a one- '
chair shop with the "boss” himself
in the box. He was always at his
post and greeted everyone with a I
smile. From one chair, he developed 1
to four and it was then he adopted
the motto: "Service First.” The 1
business increased rapidly and it be- i
came necessary to make it an eight- 1 1
chair shop. It was then considered :
, the pride of the city and every one
was delighted to frequent such a>'
place.
Mr. Herndon catered to the trade
and made a big success of the busi
‘ ness. He now operates twenty-five
chairs and the shop is termed: "The 1
Palace Barber Shop of the World.”
The shop has all colored barbers. 1
cashier girls, bootblacks and atten- ’
dants. All barbers are dressed in :
white suits, white shoes and cream
bow ties. Fresh suits every day is *
■ the rule. 1
Mr. Herndon is very proud of his
employes and at his mansion every 1
New Year, he entertains with a big 1
ball especially for them. His home 1
is unquestionably Ihe finest in the
South that is owned by a black man j :
and is considered a close rival of
Madam Walker's palace in New York
City.
Other shops have been purchased j
by Mr. Herndon, some were right in I
the heart of the city, but none of;
;
them equaled or anything like com
pared with the UNDISPUTED CHAM
PION on Peachtree street.
o
TEXANS FELICITATE
GENERAL PERSHING
Washington.—On the 14th of Sep
tember, the colored people formally 1
took notice that it was the 58lh birth
day anniversary of General John J. 1
Pershing. The following telegram,
signed by Allen G. Perkins, Thomas H.
Love and Cornelius J. Williams, was
sent through the office of Emmett J.
Scott’s special assistant to Genera!
Pershing in France:
“As Galveston Negroes, assembled j
to rehearse for Liberty Chorus No. 1,
under War Community Service, we
are reminded that today is the 58th
anniversary of the birth of the chief
figure in America’s Expeditionary
Forces, General John J. Pershing. As !
he commands and leads the soldiers
of our country, among whom are
members of our race, our prayers as
cend for him and his command. We
send through you our felicitations to
him. and give assurance of our allegi
ance in every way in the cause for
v liich he is- battling.”
o
« *
COLORED SOLDIERS
WRECK POLICE STA.
NORFOLK, Va., Oct.—An infuriated
crowd of 300 colored soldiers from
Camp Morrison last Friday night com
pletely wrecked the Second precinct
police station here in an attempt to
rescue two soldiers who had been ar
rested on a frivolous charge. Nearly
all the windows were broken by flying
bullets, bricks and bottles before the
officers could open on them with pis
tols.
Ten colored soldiers and civilians;
were Bhot in the exchange of bullets j
before the arrival of police reserves. I
NEGRO SELLS THREE
AERIAL BOMBS TO
U. S. GOVERNMENT
COLUMBUS, Ga„ Oct—(Special)—
Julius Hart, colored, chauffeur for Dr.
W. L. Bullar, has invented three aerial j
bombs which promise to net him a ;
fortune. Two have already been ac- j
cepted by the government, one of them
at a price of $15,000, while the price
for the other has not yet been an
nounced. ,
The bombs shoot in different direc
tions, one 50 times before the chief j
explosion comes; another 60 times,!
and a third 1000 times before the final I
discharge.
Hart, who is 25 years old, is a form- |
er resident of Union Point, Ga. He j
got some of his ideas from Lieutenant i
Bentley Chappell, who told him of j
various ingenious bombs used on the !
battle front.—Atlanta Constitution.
o
Looking Ahead
By E. J. Moore
Are we looking forward to the
of the war? Have we begun to plan
for the great commercial era that
will be ushered in when the roar of
the cannon shall have ceased? Let
us hope so. If you are receiving good
wages now, if you are making more
money than you ever did before, re
member that this is an abnormal con
dition brought on by urgent war need
| and the like. But. when the war is
j over the re-action is bound to set in,
| and as a consequence, wages will take
a tumble, jobs will be less plentiful,
and somebody will be left out in the
cold.
Now is the time to exercise fore
sight by saving all we can. Every
War Savings Stamp we buy is that
much saved. Every dollar invested
in Liberty Bonds is just that much
saved, and will mean much to you
when the war is over. This is an
opportunity that has come to the door
of nearly every one of us. Are we
taking advantage' of it? Such an
opportunity' seldom comes more than
once in a life-time. Shall we let it
pass?
There are some who are taking full
advantage of these opportunities, and
who will have something to show
when the lean days come. But on tlio
other hand, there are those who still
say, "easy come, easy go”. Let the
j minister talk about it from the pul
! pit; let the teacher tell her pupils
j about it in the school room; let the
threatres throw it on the screens; let
secret societies incouch it in their
i proclamations. J
i There is much need of a Negro
j Welfare Society, whose members
1 would make it a point to visit places
j where the careless element of the
| race gathers in large numbers, and
speak to them from time to time on
the necessity of savings their earnings
during these prosperous times'. Many
of them have had little or no train
ing and have no conception of the
efficacy of saving. In the pool-room,
in the dance hall, in the club, is to
bo found an element that is often
overlooked in our haste for racial
betterment.
o
COLORED MAN
REGISTERED AS A
WHITE MUST SERVE
CAPE GIRARDEAU, Mo., Oct.—Mr.
Rufus C. Burgess, 4145 N. Middle st.,
who was registered last June by the
local draft board, and later classified
as a white man because of an error
which classed him as a white man,
and who later was sent to Camp
Dodge, will have to serve in the army
through a ruling of the War Depart
ment because all the registrants, both
white and colored, of his class are ex
| pected to be called to the colors this
month.
Friends of Mr. Burgess here imme
diately took up his case with Hon.
Emmett J. Scott, who promptly re-;
ferred the case to Provost Marshal
General Crowder. The War Depart
ment had already held that local
boards had the power of determining
the color of a registrant, and as all
men in Class 1, both white and col
'ored, will be called to the colors this
month, it did not appear that any In
justice had been done in the Burgess
| case. Mr. Scott took especial pains
to give his immediate attention to the
case, which is of unusual importance,
because Burgess was called to camp
several weeks ahead of time because
lof the error.
WILSON DISAPPROVES
OF DEATH SENTENCE
FOR NEGRO SOLDIER
i Confessed Murderer Believed by Presi
dent to Have Been Insane at
Time of Murder
Announcement has been made in
Washington that President Wilson
| had disapproved of death imposed by
| a court martial upon Private Layton
I James, who confessed to having shot
J and killed Mrs. Rose Harrity of Brook
| lyn and Private Michael Maloney at
| Camp Upton last. May. The Presi
| dent’s disapproval of the sentence was
■ based upon his agreement with re
ports that showed the murderer was j
insane at the time of the crime was I
committed.
James, a Negro, for several days
after the murder escaped suspicion
that he had been concerned in the
slaying. He was attached to Company
C, 367th Infantry. On May 5 Mrs. Har
rity, a widow and neighbor of Private
Maloney’s family, left her home at 39
Fourth street and went to Camp Upton
to visit*Maloney. They were in a small
woods toward the edge of the reserva
tion when Maloney and the Negro be
came involved in an altercation. James
shot Maloney and turned his rifle up
on Mrs. Harrity when she endeavored
to aid her escort.
Immediately after the murder James
ran out of the woods, crossed an open
section of the reservation, and then
fell into the ranks of those running
toward the scene of the murder. Sen
tries who were on duty eventually re
, called a Negro known among his fel
lows as “Ootmeal” run from the woods
just after the shooting. That was
James’ nickname in the ramp and a
few days later he confessed. James
always carried a Bible with him and
even read it while the police were
questioning him about the slaying.
It is understood that the original
court-martial will cause James to be
committed f io an institution for the
insane.
NEW BAPTIST CHURCH
The colored people of Miami and
Lower Miami are taking the prelim
inary steps for building a house of
worship. They have a Baptist church
, organization with a strong member*
I ship and are building up on that basis
! while getting in shape to secure them-
J selves a church home.
One of the copper companie s has
offered to donate a vreant lot for the
building and the colored people are
now starting to secure the money for
building operations in the future.
Rev. A. Lawrence, pastor of the
white Baptist church in Lower Miami,
has been chosen by them to act as
chairman of their finances committee
and aid them in an advisory capacity.
Officers of the Colored Baptist
i church organization who will have
the matter in charge are C. F. Wat
kins and T. J. Jorman, deacons; Mrs.
W. F. Watkins, clerk; Rev. S. E. New
ell, vice moderator.
They appeal to the white people of
the district to aid them in this
church building enterprise, and say
| that the colored people are not strong
; enough numerically or financially to
accomplish it without the help of the
white people. Ti\ey are not expecting
to build an elaborate structure, but
want a church home where they may
be able to do a more successful work
for Christ and humanity. They are all
sacrificin ga portion of their meager
earnings for the months to come to
secure this house of worship and ear
nestly appeal to the citizens generally
. to aid them.
No doubt they will and should meet
with a hearty and liberal- response to
this appeal to the community.
o
| WHAT INSPIRED
STUDENT TO COMPOSE
HYMN “ AMERICA' ’
! i The well-known hymn beginning
• “My Country, ’Tis of Thee” and known
i! by the name of “America,” was writ
- ■ ten by the Rev. Samuel Franciao
i j Smith. He was born in Boston, Oc
i tober 21, 1806; was educatde at HaP
> vard and studied theology at An
, ;dover; was for many years a Baptist
>; minister and later did other church
} j work. In a letter concerning the
j poem the author said: “It was writ-
ARIZONA’S GREATEST WEEKLY
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1918
COLORED DELEGATION
CALLS ON PRESIDENT
A colored delegation was received
by President Wilson on the first in
stant. These men were delegates to
[the National race congress, which was
then in session in Washington, D. C.
The Rev. W. H. Jernagin, who acted
as spokesman for this delegation, as
sured the President of the loyalty of
12,000,000 members of his race and
called his attention to undemocratic
practices against our people by cer
tain officials of the government. He
asked that the principles of democ
racy be applied lo our race and that
we be given an equal opportunity.
NEGRO HAS 12 SONS
FIGHTING IN U.S. ARMY
Father and Daughter in Red Cross
Work—Splendid Record of Loyalty
New Orleans, La.—Twelve of his
nineteen sons in the army and navy,
a thirteenth son eager and ready to
go, and of the twelve at war there are
two sets of twins, one set of triplets,
and the other five just individuals.
That’s the record of the Rev. R. H.
Windslow’s family living' near Ray
ville, La. Rev. Winslow is a race
Baptist minister, and besides the rec
ord of sons in the service he boasts a
single daughter and himself as mem
bers of the Richmond Parish Chapter.
He cinducts a church auxiliary of the
Red Cross. Besides Rev. Windslow
owns three Liberty Bonds.
News of the record numbers of sons
in service and believed an inspiration
and note of patriotism for every col
ored family in the country came thru
the Aemrican Red Cross. A field rep
resentative of the Gulf Division, A.
R. C., was in Rayville the other clay
and heard of the remarkable family.
Rev. Winslow in 67 years old, and
was born in Montgomery county, Ala.
His 12 sons were last heard from at
Camp Upton and it is believed they
are all overseas now. They are Ben
nie, Lee, George and Lafayette, twins
Robbins, Williams and James, twins;
Matthew, Mark and Luke, triplets,
drafted —Jeff, Johnnie and Archie.
GOVERNMENT OFFICIAL
PEACES JIM CROW SIGN
AT U. S. ARSENAL
Charge “Jim Crow” Signs Have Been
Posted in New Building Claim Cap
tain in Charge, Who Recently Came
From South is Bitterly Prejudiced.
St. Louis, Mo.—Complaint has been
made by the Colored laborers in the
Quartermaster's Department at the
Arsenal, that three-foot “Jim Crow”
signs have been placed over or near
the doors to toilets designating cer
tain ones to be used for Colored.
These' signs are in the recently com
pleted building, where there are about
200 Colored men employed. They
were put up about a week ago, it is
stated, and are in no other building
at the Arsenal.
Prejudiced Captain Blamed
Men in the building point to the
coming of Captain Daugherty from
Arkansas, three weeks ago, to take
charge. They claim that Daugherty
is bitterly prejudiced against Negroes
and the signs l\ave only been put up
since he took charge.
Dismisses Colored Clerk
A Colored clerk, named Short, the
only one at the Arsenal, was dis
charged about ten days after Captain
Daugerty’s arrival. Short came here
from Washington. It Is claimed that
he was discharged at one time by
Daugherty in Arkansas.
ten at Andover during my student
life there and was first sung public
ly at a Sunday school celebration,
July 4, at Park Street church, Bos
ton. I had in my possession a num
ber of song books from which I was
selecting such music as pleased me,
and finding ‘God Save the King’, I
proceeded to give it the ring of Am
- erican patriotism."
SIOO,OOO EIRE AT
IIISKEGEE DESTROYS
TRADES BUILDING
Estimate Loss of More Than $85,000
Results From Fire of Undetermined
Origin.—Members of Army Train
ing Corps Assist in Saving
Equipment
Tuskegee, Ala. —The boys industrial
and trades building of the Tuskegee
Normal and Industrial Institute was
destroyed by fire shortly before last
midnight, with an estimated loss rang
ing between $85,000 and SIOO,OOO. The |
origin of the fire was not determined, J
the alarm having been turned in by
the watchman at 11 o’clock. Students,
teachers and members of the student
army training corps worked energeti
cally anil were able to save a portion
of the equipment.
TUOSON
Bv S. E. Newell
Tucson, Ariz., Oct. 23. —The epi
demic of influenza is the chief topic
of the day. While the ban is on and
there is no place to go the people of
Tucson are have thd
newsy little Tribune to read. They
say it is the only paper that brings
the news red hot from the fprge.
Referring to the article that ap
peared in last week’s issue of the
Tribune, in regard to the great Ne
groes that Texas has produced, I de
sire to say that this article struck
a responsive chord and sent joy to
tho hearts of the colored population
of this oily. Yes. indeed, about 95
per cent of the Negroes of Tucson are
from the Lone Star State. I can now
hear them say the Phoenix Tribune
is multum in parvo.
We are pleased lo report the con
dition of Mrs. Lizzie White as greatly
improved.
Mrs. Georgia Lee Gaskin was laid
to rest on last Friday morning. She
died after being ill for only a few
days. She leaves a husband, a son,
a mother, three sisters, three brothers
and a host of friends and other rela
tives to mourn her loss. We can all
sing; “When we meet beyond the
river, where the surges cease to roll.”
Mr. and Mrs. R. F. Lewis, their
daughter Margaret and son Brakston
A. 'bid farewell to Tucson on last
Tuesday morning, Oct. 22. The board
ed the ast bound train No. 110 for
, New Orleans, La. They will remain j
I in that city for a while and then jour- 1
I ney further east.
The loyal members of Mt. Calvary
! Baptist church are assisting the pas
tor in paying what the church ewes
to foreign missions. The following
are the amounts paid by organizations
and individuals: Sunday school, $5;
B. Y. P. U„ $5, S. E. Newell, $1; H.
Banks, $1; Mrs. Robt. Charles. 50c;
H. J. Hayes, $1; Mr. Duckworth, $1:
Mrs. Raven, $1; Mr. and Mrs. B. F.
Williams, 50c each; Mrs. Maggie
Turner, 50c; John H. Moore, 50c; Mrs.
M. Noble, 50c; Mrs. Sarah Berkley,!
$1; Mrs. Lucile Maclimore, 50c; Mrs.!
N. F. Robinson, 50c. Notwithstanding j
we are denied the privilege of hold
ing services, yet the missionary spir
it is so deep in our souls we are de
termined to make ourselves felt in
our humble way, by doing what our
hands find to do towards helping those
who are less fortunate than ourselves.
Therefore, in the language of Dr.
Watts,^ we say: “And are we yet alive
to see each other’s face; Glory and
praise to Jesus give, for His redeem
ing grace.”
o :
RAY
Ray, Ariz., Oct. 23. Mr. and Mrs. I
E. A. Henderson of Superior, Ariz.,-are
the proud parents of a nine pound girl,
born Thursday, Oct. 17. Mother and
daughter are doing nicely, but it is
not likely the father will recover so
soon and should he ever recover, it is
thought that he will never look the
same. The little girl has been named
lone. Mrs. Henderson was formerly
Miss Mayme Reed of Ray.
Spanish influenza is rapid
)y in this section. The latest reports
give the number of cases in Ray and
Sonora Town as six hundred. Only
fifteen deaths have been reported to
date. Not a single colored person has
been afflicted with the disease as yet.
Mose Davis failed to pass the physi
cal examination and has been re-class-
| COLORED MAN GETS
50 LBS. SUGAR A
MONTH FOR HOME
j Farmer Who Is Feeding 24 Children
Appealed to Food Administra
tion and Wins
DALLAS, Tex., Oct.—Steve Rose
borough, a Negro farmer of Dallas
county, has been allowed more sugar
in Texas.
for table use than any other person
Steve is the father and guardian of
24 children, who are now with him,
and he complained because grocery
men would not sell him more than 10
pounds of sugar a month. Steve ap
pealed to the State Food Administra
j tion, and showed that he was entitled
| to 50 pounds of sugar a month on the
i basis of two pounds for each person.
He has been given authority to pur
chase that amount.
Besides the 24 children and wards
Steve has three boys on the battle
fronts in France. Steve produced 30
bales of cotton this year, and has dis
posed of it at around 33 cents. He
is 60 years old and has invested in
Liberty Bonds, Thrift Stamps and
various war fund enterprises.
o
Take Courage
Lift up your heads, ye twelve mil
lion persecuted sons of sable hue, hu
miliated and heart-broken as you are;
be of good Cheer and go forth to do
your part in helping make the world
safe for Democracy. When real true
Democracy comes, it will bring you
your rights, liberties, privileges and
the protection due you as the noblest
citizens of America.
o
HOW PILF DRIVING
RECORDWAS BROKEN
“King” Burwell—otherwise Capt.
Edward Burwell, Negro leader of a
gang of 11 Negro pile drivers —cred-
its Robert Bruce with the inspiration
which led his crew to break the
world’s record in driving piles on
shipway No. 46 at Hog Island.
“If at first you don’t succeed, try,
try again,” reads the placard on the
pile-driving machine to which he
pointed, smiling, when he was. asked
how he and his men had happened to
break the record 5 :"
“That sign filled our crew with en
thusiasm,” he said. "We decided one
night that a new world's record would
j be made on the morrow, and it was.
iOf course, we had some mechanical
troubles, but the men, instead of fret
ting and fuming, just looked at the
sign and started in with renewed vig
or. The result was that the record
was smashed.
. “I ata glad that the record was
made at Hog Island. Here, if a man
can deliver the goods in getting the
ships out on schedule time, he gets
the same credit and appreciation, be
he white or black. It is a won
derful illustration of the spirit with
i which-we are all working han,d in hand
!to defeat the land-grabbing, cruel
, Huns.”
WOMEN SECTION
HANDS ON THE
SOUTHERN R. R.
EVANSVILLE, Ind.—The Louisville
& Nashville Railroad company has
employed Negro women on the Provi
dence, Ky., division of the road as
section hands to take the places of
the Negro men who have been called
to the colors. The women work eight
hours a day and are doing the same
work the men did and are paid the
same wages. They are said to be
doing satisfactory work, and it is ex
pected the railroad company will in
stall Negro women on other divis
ions, and it is probable that other rail
road companies will do the same thing.
Many of the Negro women say that
they would rather do work on the
section than be engaged in housework
and that the wages are better.
ified and placed in Class A-5. Since
he can't go to the front in France,,
Mose says he will remain active on
the Ray “front.”
Frank Smith received a picture of
Vernett Stewart, dressed in his army
regalia. He is stationed at Camp
Funston.
5 CENTS A COPY; $2 A YEAR
SIM 111! Mill
ItIMHHMHTS
Os HOUCK RACE
Education Improves the Virtue and
Morality of Other Races and
Will Do as Much for Negro,
Says Maryland Mayor
“The proper place for the Negro,
and the only place for the Negro, is
here in America. Some times the
ways of God are dark and inscrutable,
but out of the gloom, the uncertainty
and the storm, the sun comes forth
in all its noonday splendor and the
world has become more fit for the
coming of the King of Glory. The
American nation today realizes it.
“And as the Colored race is with us
his salvation and our salvation re
quires that he be educated, not only
in the primary grades, but in secon
dary schools and colleges, with men
and women of their own race to
teach them to think and act upon all
public questions themselves and not
from prejudice, and to teach their
people the duties of citizenship, to
teach them to be sober, industrious
and thrifty, so that they may be bet
ter citizens, and may by their correct
living and right living earn for them
selves the respect and confidence of
their fellow men.
“I want to bear witness to the prog
ress which the Colored race of Mary
land is making, and this exhibition
and getting together may prove an
object lesson to all our people and a
further to youlrselves. I
believe the Colored people are becom
ing more and more prosperous, see
the good which comes from having
sanitary homes, are becoming more
and more independent in thinking
and acting, and are becoming better
prepared to exercise the right citizen
ship, which, as I say, I have some
times thought had been prematurely'
placed upon them.
“I want the Negroes of Maryland
to have every reasonable opportunity
for education. I want to see them in
more thrifty and better homes. I
want to see them the owners of homes
of their own, for the man who is
proud of his home is a better and
more respected citizen. I want to
see them with higher ideals of morals.
I want to see them with sanitary
homes so that the death rate among
them may be materially lowered. I
want to see them become more inde
pendent and enlightened on all public
questions, so that, like other races or
citizens, they may act and decide upon
the questions of politics and govern
ment, upon the principles which
should govern men and parties, and
I believe, to express the honest views
of the best men of all political parties
when I say by doing so they will be
rendering a better service to their
race, to their party and to their state.
Must Be Potent
“Some people have contended that
education of the Negro would unfit
him for his work. Experienqe teaches
nothing of the sort. Education im
proves the morality and virtue of
other races.
"Your race must be patient, and the
south must be patient. I believe the
whites of the south understand the
Negro and are his best friends. They
have taxed themselves in order to
give you a chance for an education,
and while all has not been done that
should be done, the nation should help
the south, and is going to help. Ignor
ance is the most fruitful source of
human ills, and the chain is no strong
er than its weakest - link. The good
results shown in the progress and
education of the Negro justifies exten
sion of his educational opportunities.
No country can fulfill its destiny with
one third of its population undevelop
ed and inefficient.”
NOTHING IN PARTICULAR
On and after October 21st If you
happen to have to seat at a restaur
ant only order meat, and don’t ever
think of bacon and eggs, because you
won’t get them. There will be no
more sugar howls on the tables and
only one teaspoonful will be served to
a customer and then you will get no
double cream in either your coffee or
tea. Eat few, if any fried dishes and
beware —don’t hold any banquets.
The above orders will help our boys
to knock the H out of the Hun
“Over There.”

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