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VOLUME L NUMBER 36 PARIS DEMOCRACY ATTRACIS RACE MEN; FAIREST ATTITUDE Spirit of Fair Play Exhibited Toward Negrdes by the French Will Cause Many to Remain There—No Color Line Is Drawn—No Evidence of Race Prejudice Shown. _______ Imagine arriving in one of the largest cities of the world, an utter f stranger, with only a slight knowl edge of the language spoken by its inhabitants; and as if this were not the only handicap enough, to be fur ther burdened with all the natural •timidity of a race that has always . been restrained at home from the en joyment of those liberties and priv ileges vouchsafed the people of all other races. This was my exact situation upon my arival for the first time in Paris. Not the Paris of gloom and mourn ing that we know today, but the gay “Paree” of other days, whose pleas ure-loving, pleasure-seeking reputation penetrated to the uttermost parts of the world. Everything seemed so dif ferent, so new, so wonderful. Magnif icent buildings, great boulevards in the very heart of the city lined wi*h beautiful trees; brillian cases and res taurants filled with laughing crowds within and without where tables were arranged under an awning, directly on the sidewalk, separated from passers by only by rows of large plants set in large wvooden or metal recetpacles or by a lattice work of growing vines. The merry throngs that sat and sipped wine, absinthe or case noir, as-if there never was such a thing as work or care. Then those queer little ki osks where you could buy the most beautiful flowers as well as the latest newspapers from all parts of the world. It is impossible to describe the impressions and sensations that seize upon one in the face of this wonderful new world when he views it for the first time. I had always heard that in Paris such a thing as race discrimination was unknown, but one can hear so much; it was therefore with some hesitation and not a little in word tre pidation that I chose a seat at one of the tables outside of what I later learned was one of the most fashon able cases in the city, and deep down in my heart lay that gnawing, linger ing doubt about being served. Wonder upon wonders. I was ap proached as though I were an Indian nabob. My order taken and executed with such a display of politeness both of speech and gestures as I had dreamed existed only in fiction and fairy tales. The speech, so course, was lost upon me; but the gestures were eloquent enough. The success of this first venture inspired me with new-born courage and I had lost much of my timidity when I sought to secure hotel accom modations. The only question asked me was what price room I desired. I chose a moderate priced room and was Ehown up to it with the same display of courtesy and politeness that had characterized my treatment at the case. “Truly,” I thought, “this is a wonderful place.” I was fortunate enough to arrive in the city while the opera season was on, and strolled up the Avenue de L’Opera to the famous opera house concerning which I had read and heard so much. There also the only inquiry was what priced seat I de sired and how many or whether mon sieur desired a box! I nearly faint ed. After witnessing a splendid op eratic performance, followed by the famous Parisian ballet, I hailed a taxi and was driven to the Mont Marte! The whole world goes to the Mont Marte. By this time I felt as if Par's was mine. Everywhere I went the doors opened wide m welcome. For the first time in mj life I knew what the feeling is to be aole to go any where and do anything you wish and can afford. The crucial test of my courage came, however, when I suddenly real ized that I was sadly in need of a barber. I put on a bold face, how ever, and entered a neat-appearing shop. I was immediately waited upon and as I settled down in the chair 1 said to myself, “If the boys at home could only see me now.” I know that is what the boys over there at the present time are saying daily to themselves when they are enjoying privileges that prejudice would forbid them enjoying at home; and many of them are going to re turn to France if they are mustered ' out here, or if mustered out in France I j are going to remain. Just think of it! To go anywhere 1 you have the means to take you, to do anything any other race can do, to | feel yourself a real man, the only rec ommendation being a neat appearance 'land gentlemanly deportment! Weil, ’ I you must experience it to know the | feeling.—G. Fred Anderson in Detroit I | Leader. ,i 0 NEGRO SHOULD BE TREATED FAIRLY, SAYS ROOSEVELt! ! Colonel Roosevelt paid tribute to i the negro’s part in the war at a meet * ing in New York recently for the ben . I eflt of the Circle of Negro War Relief. “Our soldiers, white and black, the colonel said, “had acted in such a ’ i way that every American could look the citizen of any other country in ■ | the eye without having to bow his I | head. 1 | “It must be remembered that all of us have got to set an example of steering a direct course equally dis tant from kaiserism and Bolshevik ism,” he continued. “I expect that as a result of the war we shall appty the lesson we've been learning and teaching abroad—that we shall work steadily toward securing fairer treat ment for colored people, treating each 1 individual as his or her conduct re- • ' quires you to treat him.” GERMANS MAY DEMAND : EXTRADITION QE KAISER i • i Feeling Is Running High in Berlin Against Him, Krupps and Former j War Party. : WASHINGTON. German factions . may demand extradition of the former kaiser and his trial before a socialist court at Berlin, diplomatic cables re ceived here suggest. Feeling against Wilhelm is declared to be increasing in Berlin and through out Prussia. Strong Bavarian fac i tions are demanding punishment of j the militarists and al others within , the former German empire responsi j Me for the -war, advices state, i The Poste of Munich refers to the : high feeling throughout Bavaria against those who are believed to; i have deliberately planned the world conflict, particularly Ludendorf, the Krupps and Wilhelm. o EXTRADITION OF FORMER KAISER TO BE DISCUSSED AT PEACE CONFERENCE i . ! LONDON—The whole question of I the former kaiser’s possible extradi- I tion will probably be discussed at the peace conference, which is likely to . be held in Versailles before the end of the year. ■ * , A United Press dispatch from Am , sterdam said that Wilhelm arrived last Monday afternoon in Maarsen on a special train, to take up his resi dence at Count von Bentwick’s castle. The conditions on which the Dutch government will permit him to stay in Holalnd cannot be published, out of courtesy, the dispatch said, but they are equal to simple military in ternments. The former kaiser is pot on parole, but is under moral obliga tion to remain in Holland and not db anything contrary to public order, or that would be likely to embarrass Holland with her neighbors or the ' other powers. Wilhelm, whom the United Press correspondent saw alighting from a special train at Maarsen, and enter . ing an automobile, was very pale and . apeared to be nervous and tired. He , was dressed in civilian clothes, as the result of a request by the Dutch mili tary authorities. He was accompa nied by his favorite dachshund. o SOLDIERS DETAILED TO DIG GRAVES IN BALTIMORE BALTIMORE, Md.—During the re cent "flu” epidemic bodies piled up so fast at Mt. Auburn cemetery that the grave diggers were swamped. Af ter futile efforts to secure additional help, the cemetery appealed to the health authorities. As a result several hundred Colored soldiers were sent from Camp Meade last Saturday and dug graves for 160 bodies. Graves for 25 more were dug Sunday. » The women’s section of the Mary land Council of National Defense has i arranged to -establish a course in au : tomobile mechanics for Colored girls. o . A deaf and dumb mute recently went into a bicycle shop and picked I up a hub and spoke. SEVEN PERSONS KILLED IN RIOTING; JAIIJTOfiMED SEVERAL THOUSAND MEN AT TEMPT TO LYNCH NEGRO AC CUSED OF SHOOTING TWO MEN AND ATTACKING WOMAN. WINSTON-SALEM, N. C.—Seven persons are believed to have been killed and probably a score of others injured, several seriously, in a riot here recently which resulted from the efforts of a mob of several thousand men to storm the city jail and lynch a negro accused of shooting J. E. Childress and Sheriff Flynt and at tacking Mrs. Childress. The dead are a girl spectator, a city fireman and three negroes. The police believe a detailed search will show at least seven killed. Upwards of a score are believed to have been injured, five or six seri ously. After the attepipt firing was still going on in different parts of the city, the mob finally having been broken into small groups. Efforts of the home guards and the police to restore order were unavailing and Governor Bickett was asked to intervene. He ordered home guards here from Greensboro and arranged for a company of regu lar soldiers from Camp Polk, near Raleigh. The known dead are Rachael Levi, a bystander, shot through the lungs, and Robert Young, fireman, who was shot. The mob first formed in the after noon and stormed the jail. Three shots were fired and three negroes accused of shooting the two men and attacking Mrs. Childress were seri ously wounded. A white prisoner was hit in the arm by a bullet. The police cleared the crowd out of the building and the mayor called out the home guards. Quiet prevailed for a time, but at night the mob had re formed and started marching to the jail, several thousand strong, after breaking open hardware stores and seizing revolvers and shotguns. The mayor sought to address the crowd, but could not be heard. When the mob broke from the jail firemen turned water on them, but the rioters forced their way into the prison. They did not find the negro they sought, and, leaving the jail, they gradually dispersed. o South Carolina Court Or ders Registration of " “ The Negro Voters Greenwood, S. C. —The Board of Registration for this county absolute ly refused io register any colored cit izen, according to the law. No reason was given other than it would simply not register a colored man. Among those refused were men paying taxes on thousands of dollars worth of prop erty, prominent among them being Drs. C. H. S. Henderson, J. G ; . Stewart and Rev. U. S. Rice. The men were determined however, to be treated as upright citizens and empoyed Attor ney N. J. Frederick of Columbia to take the matter up in the courts. At torney Frederick entered appeals for eighteen of those refused and argued the cases before Judge Gary at Abbe ville Friday last. The result was that the judge sustained the appeal and ordered the Board to immediately register the men. The action of these citizens ought be followed every where. When Ethiopia Stretches Forth Her Hand (Copyright 1918) Boy, stick yo’ head back in dis doah: Now, ain’t I done told yo’ dat before Dat de white trash don’ want ter play wif you' Case yo’ cbmplexshun is too blue. De very first thing dey call yo’ nigger, But I tole yo’ dat don’ cut no figger, f An’-if I kin only learn yo’ seme sense, Yo’ may be de nex' president. De niggers always wins de wars, ’ An’ it’s cause dey have sich praying Mas, An’ dey air de bravest people in de lan’ Case Ethiopia is stretchin’ her han’. An’ when dis awful'war is thru, Dat white trash won’t have nothin” on you Case deir awful sins de Lord despise An’ He's trimming dem all down to one size. An’ yo’ don’ no for what yo’ is born; Yo' may yit set on a king’s throne, Case when dat Ethiopia is done stretched her han’ She is shore gwi’ to make all de niggers grand’. —JEAN CARTER CUFFEE. ARIZONA’S GREATEST WEEKLY PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 30, 1918 THREE NEGROES IN W. VA. LEGISLATURE Largest Number In Any Stati Legr. lature Since Reconstruction I Charleston, W. Va. —Resulting from Tuesday’s election three colored men will have seats in the lower house when West Virginia’s legislature con venes next January, rivaling the rec oqf of any State since the days of I Reconstruction. The successful candidates nominat |ed in primaries and- elected on the Republican ticket are: J. V. Coleman, i of Fayette county, formerly postmas ter at Kimberly, now engaged in the ( production of coal; H. J. Capeheart. of McDowell County, an attorney at j law, and T. G. flutter, former -Grand ) Exalted Ruler of the Elks, at present Grand Chancellor of -the Knights of Pythias. Mr. Nutter is also an attor ney. Both Fayette and McDowell coun ties have had colored legislators be ' fore, the former three and the latter one, but at no time has there been j more than one colored representative in the legislature. The nomination and election of I these men is considered remarkable for the fact that in none of the coun ; ties which they represent is There a majority of colored voters, the per cent in McDowell being 34, Fayette r t 22 and Kanawha 10. I NEGRO ELECTED TO r MISSOURI LEGISLATURE 3 ST. LOUIS, Mo.—William M. Riley, negro optometrist of St. Louis, i 3 to be the first of his race to be elected 3 ] an alderman in the Fourth district by - Republicans over his Democratic white 3 opponent in the recent election, com plete returns show. The district is largely populated by whites. • o- FRENCH MAGNANI MOUS IN VICTORY i t s Willing to Lend Helping Hand To Starving Foe of Forty Years ~7 I Washington, Nov. 26.—France wf t join with the United States in extend ■ ing any possible relief to Germany i that is compatible with justice. This is the stand of Premier Clem enceau on Dr. Solf’s urgent plea to President Wilson, according to cables to the French High Commission to day. “As the situation in Germany is > hopeless we'will do our test to revic tualize her as we can afford,” the French premier stated. “The transport question is a vital one in relation to the food supply. 1 Germany is going to restore all the engines and the 150,000 railway cars ' taken from us. This will not facili tate her own revictualizing. Germany waited until the last moment when ’ exhausted to capitulate. ‘ "She is not in the normal condition ' which would enable her to aid her ' self. From the first hour we must come to her assistance. We do not 1 make war against humanity but on behalf of humanity.” o ' FORMER KAISER NOW A COUNT l AMSTERDAM —The former kaiser ' is using the name Count Wilhelm > Hohenzollern. He probably will buy -a large estate in Holland and remain indefinitely. s i FRENCH AND AMERICAN | GENERALS PRAISE BUR : COLORED TROOPERS 9 l - Cool and Brave Soldiers in Trenches f and Gentlemen at Rest in Towns. e WITH THE AMERICAN ARMIES ' IN FRANCE.—Colored troops from , America already have established themselves in Europe as being cool t and reliable fighters in the front line. * Both American and French commands ' say so, and if the German ever dis f covered who it was that held part of the line through Argonne" forest, when the Bodies failed to get through some time ago, the German command has r decidedly high respect for American l colored infantry. • 3 Up and down the line, after the test of a year’s service, you hear no f doubts expressed regarding the col ored infantry. The colored dough - boys have made good in the line as i well as behind. They have proven r themselves cool and bravo soldiers in ’ the trenches, and gentlemen when back at rest in French towns. You are continually running into units of these colored chaps as you travel up and down the line from Switzerland to Flanders. • Some Snappy Drilling ’ Down in a little town some miles ■ back of Verdun the correspondent en countered a large unit of these col ored chaps, all from Chicago or there abouts. They had just come back to 5 rest, after a long period in the Ar -1 gonne forest trenches. Like their pre r decessors, a negro unit from New , York, they had made a great hit with the French officers in high command of the sector. Unlike the New York ! negroes, these Chicago boys had en countered no big fighting, and they were disappointed at being taken from the trenches before doing big fight - ing. The French officers explained that good soldiers can be recognized just > as well when they are holding the line as when they are fighting, but the colored doughboys were still dis . appointed. Finally, the French gen . eral of the army came down to review , the negro outfit. Down by the creek they went through some of the snap . piest exercise ever seen, and the 5 French general was delighted. When , the review, as it had been planned, . was finished, the general turned to the American colonel: ; “If I were an American general . what would I do now?” asked the 3 Frenchman. “Most anything,” replied the Col -1 onel. “These boys will do anything you wish.” ; “Well, suppose the Germans were , across the creek,” replied the general, . "I’d like to have this nearest com , pany attack them.” i Maneuver Well Executed The captain of the nearest eotn , pany was given the order, and he . marched his men across the meadow, t where they suddenly disappeared, t Pretty soon a whistle and i the company was up and running to ward the creek. Only a minute and then they dropped, waiting, then run ning. always skirmishing in the latest approved French fash'ion. When they -dropped it was with 1 two skirmish lines leading off to the 1 rear, with each man dropping o\er 1 the legs of the chap in front of him. 1 Tin derbies and packs covered the upper portions of their bodies. After a bit of a flank movement by a couple platoons, the supposed Ger man positions along the creek were stormed and taken. The French gen-1 eral was delighted beyond words for | a moment. Finally he said: “My old est veterans could do it no better, even if they were warned it was on the program, and your boys did that extemporaneously.” The general re membered the review, and a few days later these colored chaps from Chi cago received a fine letter from him, congratulating them on their spirit de corps* and their work.—Baltimore American. - —; o WHY SOUT-J OPPOSE ADMITTANCE OF COL ORED WOMEN INTO THE RED CROSS Fred C- Williams, in Recent Issue of The (Omhaha) Speaks of Two Slaves—white Wom an; the Other the Black Man. Much has been written of the cus toms and traditions of the Southland, the lknd'of cotton and of cane. Cus-1 tom has stood sponsor for os many of the crimes enacted against the Negro. I The one that has been the cause of ! more bitterness and prejudice than any other has been the license of the ! white man with the Negro woman I and the protest of the white woman and the black man against it. The liberty granted the Negro woman to freely accept the association of the white male seemed to increase the desire in both parties to consummate this liason to the moral detriment of the black race. For tradition in the South says that the white man can do no wrong. So if there is wrong done, only the black race is held re sponsible. The black man resents this in every conceivable manner that is within his power and sometimes he suffers the loss of liis life when voic ing his objections too loudly. The others of his race pray for the time to come when his women cease to be the filching ground fqr the depraved white man. As to the white woman and her cognizance of this condition it will be found in her attitude and manner when treating with the women of our race. She is ever resentful, vindictive and prejudiced, in all things concern ing the Negro woman. Knowing of these relations of white men and Ne gro women is the one reason why the Southern white women so bitterly op posed the admittance of the Coloned women into the Red Cross. SOUTHERN NEGRO’S STATUS AFTEIT WAR - i THOUGHTFUL AND STATESMAN LIKE ARTICLE FROM PEN OF PROMINENT SOUTHERNER. By J. C. Hemphill Now that the war Is over and after the peace of the world has been re stored, \there will follow inevitably a long period of reconstruction. There must be many readjustments—eco nomic readjustments, affecting the ownership of property, the acquisition of wealth, the ownership and manage ment of public utilities, the regulation of private initiative, constitutional re adjustments, affecting the most cher ished theories of government; legis lative readjustments, affecting the en actment, administration and interpre tation of the laws; political readjust ments, affecting the right of citizen ship and the condition of suffrage. The just solution of all these problems will require the exercise of the wisest and most far-seeing statesmanship, and to sJch solution the genius of the country will be challenged. One of the most difficult of the issues that must be dealt with, frankly and fair ly, will be the status of the negro— not his strictly racial and social rela tions, which he must determine for himself, but his political status in the country at large and particularly In the southern states. The people of the south know what reconstruction means when it is directed by well meaning fanatics, unbalanced Samari tans, and power loving politicians. The horrors of the reconstruction period of the south were burned into the very soul of its people and in the new re construction that will follow the wind ing up of the present struggle the people of the south —and particularly the white people—must j ta'ke the Ini tiative. Sensible of the infamous course of the managers of the first reconstruction and its bitter results hnd adapting the language of the pres ident, they might very well say: “We do not think Mie same thoughts or speak the same language of agree ment.” In round figures there are 11,000,- 000 negroes in the united States, of I whom 9,000,000 live in the south. The | problem belongs to the south and must be settled by the south —the white south and the black south work ing together and in the spirit of ex act justice between the races. The Question Already Up The question is pressing itself for consideration in advance of the time when it must be settled, and many thoughtful men among the leaders of southern public opinion are already giving serious attention to the sub ject. At a recent meeting of the Fortnightly club of Lexington, Va., the question was discussed in a paper read by Col. J. M. Patton, professor of modern languages in the Virginia Military Institute, the great school of the southern soldier, made famous by Stonewall Jackson. Colonel Patton’s address was based largely upon con versations with his brother, the Rev. R. W. Patton, who has made a sym pathetic study of the subpect, contend (Continued on page 2) 5 Cents a Copy; $2 a Year lid WILL II IE mam mn By Lonnie H. Brown, Gainesville, Fla. The American negro has proven to be 100 per cent American ever since his black feet first landed upon the American soil. There has not been a single war but what he was there to do his part, and he is doing it now, both over there and over here. He has been tried, weighed in the balance, and not found wanting. No race or people has been more loyal than he. There is no night too dark nor does the thunder roar too . loud; neither can the rain fall too hard, for him to respond to his coun try’s call. It is as hard to find a pro- German negro as it is to number the sand on the seashore. He is as faith ful as the stars above'. Ready at any ” and all times to save the Stars and Stripes. But in the midst of all this, he is denied his franchise; lynched, mur dered, burned at stakes and Jim Crowed, and yet he takes it smilingly. Will it be the negro after the war, or will it be the Germans? This re mains to be proven. It has been clear ly demonstrated that the Germans love no land or country as they do their fatherland. And to America he has proven to be a traitor, Benedict Arnold, disloyal to the flag under which he lives. They have not only destroyed the lives of Belgium wom en and children over there, but the Americans on land and sea. Over there and over here burning towns and factories right here at our doors. Would the negro be guilty of such a crime? We say no. Will the aristocratic white man car ry such a people in his bosom again? Will they be allowed to sit beside the pure white of America? We as Colored Americans do not want such a people to mingle with our best women or children. That alone Is a demonstration of the fact that the American negro is 100 per cent while if the American white man will allow such, he will be below the 95 per cent mark. Think well, Mr. White Man. Don’t forget our loyalty. Don’t forget that when it came to bonds we were there ; when it came to the front, we were there, and to do whatever you ask of us without a word of protest. Please don’t forget us after this conflict is over, and the Stars and Stripes are waving in Berlin. Don’t forget that no German or pro-German will ever be able to Introduce a policy or plan that will make us forsake the Stars and Stripes. We say America first and America last. ——— —o “SEPARATE AS THE FINGERS OF THE HAND” There are 90 Afro-American secre taries In the ' jim-crow” Y. M. C. A. department in camps and 28 “over seas.” Also 100 Afro-American work ers in the "jim-crow” Y. W. C. A. department whicfi has established “jim-crow” hostess houses even at Camp Sherman, Ohio; Camp Grant* Kansas, as well as at three southern Illinois; Camps Funston and Dodge, camps—Dix, Gordon and Jackson. Thus does the Southern Democratic Wilson administration force color lines and teach separation of the two. races in the North as well as in the South. It is losing no opportunity to do this, apparently. Remember Book er Washington's notorious “separate j as the fingers of the hand,” Atlanta, Ga., speech, many years ago? Well, If you don’t this ought to make you. One will never be able to estimate the harm its deliverance did and con- . tinues to do our people. —The (Ohio) Gazette. o SOLDIERS AND SAILORS IN NEW YORK MOB SOCIALIST PARADERS NEW YORK— Several Socialists were severely injured here the other evening when soldiers and sailors, re inforced by civilians, protested against their parading with red flags and red banners. The Mooney Defense League was marching to Carnegie hall, where they held a meeting in behalf of Tom Mooney, the California labor leader, now under sentence of death for. al leged participation in the San Fran cisco Preparedness day parade bomb plot. ( J. Edward Morgan of San Francis co, who had made several tours of the country in the interest of Mooney, was knocked senseless in the near riot which resulted when the boys in khaki and blue stripped the banners from the marchers and tore down the red flags.