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Phoenix tribune. [volume] (Phoenix, Ariz.) 1918-193?, December 21, 1918, Image 1

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PHOENIX 4QI tribune
VOLUME I. NUMBER 33
COLORED MEN ATTEND PEACE CONCLAVE
Big Newspaper Pleads for Better Treatment of Black Americans
WAR IMMINENT BETWEEN CHILI-PERU
Editor of the Omaha Daily News
Declares Negroes Americans Now;
Always Were and Always Willi Be
I
(Omaha Daily News)
"There are two words in common j
use in our language that should pass
out of use forever with thD war. They
are “nigger” and “wop.” The first
has been used to describe Americans
citizens of African descent. The sec
ond has come to this country from
foreign lands, where the language
spoken is not the English language.
Both words have been used as ex
pressive of derision and contempt.
There never was good reason or ex
cuse for those words. There is now
every reason why they should never
again be heard from American lips.
The “nigger” ahd the “wop” have
splendidly, heroically attested their
place in the ranks of American citi
zenship. In Omaha, of all places in
the United States, where democracy
and equal rights for all are so well
understood, that old unworthy slur
and distinction should be buried deep
and forever.
We should recall and consider and
never by any chance forget what the
negro, the colored American citizen
of African descent, has done in this
war on the European battlefield,
where his record as a fighting man is
a blaze of glory.
We should recall —and how can we
ever forget i?t—the patriotism of the
Czechs and of the Polish race in
America, first to the front in every
patriotic movement, regardless of
creed, race or politics; first to the
fighting front under the Stars and
Stripes to die for America, for a free
Bohemia and for free Poland.
We must remember the Germans,
Greeks, Italians, Jews, from foreign
lands, Syrians, Swiss, Bulgarians, Slo
vaks, Slavs —men of a score of nation
alities—who pressed forward on the
firßt enlistment and first registration
days that they might be counted
among those who Uncle Sam might
use in his hour of need and of great
ness. We must remember, how su
perbly they answered the call.
. So let those who had the good for
tune to be born in this country be
Just and fair to those who had the
liberty-longing and enterprise to come
, here. Wipe out those two words,
' "nigger” and “wop,” and their kindred
words of scorn and derision, now and
forever. Americans all and Americans
• always!
We have been pretty sore at the
News for something it has published
In the past, but if it lives up to this
sentiment, we forgive and forget.
o
Few Colored People
Die of the Influenza
Health Reports Show
Stamford, Conn., Dec. 19. —Local un
dertakers have been mystified at the
scarcity of deaths among colored
people as a result of influenza. City
Health Officer Costanza says the Ne
gro race is not immune from the dis
ease so far as he knows, but cannot
*
explain the fact that few, if any cases
among them have been fatal.
'■ o
:The Negro's Share
(East Tennessee News, Knoxville)
“Where does the negro race come
in?” This question has arisen in the
minds of thousands of race people.
This question has been foremost in
minds of more than 300,000 race
who have fought so gallantly
W to taake the world safe for democracy.
* Now that the world is safe for democ-
FIFTY PER CERT OF
CHILDREN OF U. S.ARE
PIYSICAUY DEFICIENT
(Special to The Tribune)
Chicago, Dec. 19.—Fifty per cent of
the 25,000,000 boys and girls of school i
age have physical defects that impede
normal development, Willard S. Small
school hygiene specialist of the fed
eral bureau of education, said in an
• address today before the American
Public Health association.
After declaring that the nation's
I need of “physical education” is lm
i perative, the speaker pointed out that
2,500,000 men in the first draft were
disqualified for active military ser
vice because of physical defects and
added:
“Being unfit for military service
they were therefore unfit to render
full service in any capacity. They were
unable to get full returns from life
in work and happiness.”
The physical education needed must
assume physical activity as the basic
thing the speaker added. There must
be wholesome physical environment,
individual physical examination and
record, and medical supervision of
schools.
“It should provide for all persons
between 6 and 18 years of age. It
should extend its benefits to youth
above the compulsory school age. It
should provide federal aid to permit
states to carry on effective systems
of physical education. This federal
' aid should be limited to preparation
1 of teachers for skilled service and pay
-1 nient for skilled service.
“The program proposed will raise
the positive co-efficient of the physl
• cal life of the nation. It will build
morality upon the solid foundation of
physical soundness and vitality. It
will be a powerful influence in Ameri
canization.”
o
MAN 72 YEARS OLD
FATHERJF TWINS
BENTON, 111., Dec. 19.—Rev. David
Sneed has become the father of an
other set of twins, making the third
set coming to his home. Rev. David
Sneed, who is 72, is now living with
hls second wife. Eight children have
been born to this union and fourteen
to the first, making twenty-two in all,
I i most of whom are living.
racy, let us ask our white friends of
the United States is it safe for the
! colored man. When the call to arms
1 was sounded no man proved a truer
friend to his country than did the col
ored man. A race pushed to the wall
to make room for strangers, hearing
the call of war, stepped out, willing
1 and ready to die for the flag, and yet
they are the only victims of the tyr
anny that lives under its Stars and
, Stripes. Now that the war Is over let
our white friends remember that none
carried themselves more like soldiers
or died more like men than did the
s American black soldiers. In wartime
i the white men calls the race man
. "fellow citizen.” Now that the bloody
l business is over, will he treat the
; black man as a “fellow citizen,” al
r lowing him to go anywhere his money
(Continued on page 3)
Minister’s Wife Held
On Bootlegging Charge
(Special to The Tribune)
EVANSVILLE, Ind., Dec. 19.—Wear
ing a hot water bottle as a bustle, the
wife of the Rev. Elijah a
negro preacher, was arrested here
charged with bringing whisky into dry
territory from Kentucky.
o
'WINNER IN DIAMOND CON
TEST
- .-
|| \
THE WINNER
REV. MAJOR JONES OF AJO
The great subscription campaign in
augurated by the management of the
| Tribune in which a big diamond was
the grand prize, closed on the 7th iri
’ stant with Rev. Major Jones of Ajo
’ leading all contestants. This goes to
prove that the size of the town has
r little to do with the amount of busi
ness that may be done. It’s the size
1 of the individual that counts. Rev.
' Jones and all Ajo are rejoicing over
1 his success in pulling down the grand
prize. He deserves much praise for
the noble work he did and the mao
-1 agement of the Tribune extends con
-1 gratulations with a wish for a Merry
1 Xmas and a Happy New Year.
o
FLORENCE
By Wm. Mabry
Arizonans! Florence is on the map.
| Mrs. C. T. Smith of Salt Lake City,
■ Utah, is visiting hep daughter, Mrs.
‘ Lucas Leos, who is convalescing from
a severe attack of the “flu” and pneu
monia. Mrs. Smith is one of the lead
ing society matrons of Salt Lake City
and has a coterie of friends. She is
also very well known in Phoenix, hav
ing visited that city on a former occa
i Blon.
l Mr. L. Leos, leading case owner of
' this city, is shaking bands with him
self and thanking God that his wife,
daughter and son were spared from
* the ravages of the dre&ded "flu,” while
' he was attending to his extensive busi
l ness.
I o
> The Scolding Father
i
' t (Contributed)
A very intelligent youth once said
to me; “If there is anything that
r comes between God and me, it will be
i papa. He is so unreasonable, so harsh
! and cruel. He keeps the whole family
- unhappy. He often bulldozes and
- threatens where he afterward finds
I himself entirely at fault.”
; This father is a noble Christian
[ man. But there is no doubt that he
t needs to take away this little fox that
- spoils his vines, this fly that spoils
1 his ointment. Will he?
t Oh, that we might be childlike and
s learn! "I am meek and lowly of
s heart,” said the Savior. Sometimes
s sternness is necessary to maintain
3 discipline; but it is still true that “the
i soft tongue breaketh the bones.”
y “A soft answer turneth away
e wrath.” We all know that it does.
I- Theb oast has got many a person into
y trouble. The hard word has been re
membered and brought a hard time
and turned away favors.
ARIZONA’S GREATEST WEEKLY
PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1918
Novel System Used |
To Prevent Worry
(Special to the Tribune)
Dayton, 0., Dec. 19.—This city has
been entertaining a man who never
worried about “a single, solitary
thing.” He is Ray D. Lillibridge, of .
New York. Lillibridge says he never ,
wories because he lives every day
by a “card index system.” His walk
ing, sleeping, eating and everything
else he does is governed by the card
index, and he is probably the most
systematic man in the world.
o
| YUMA-SOMERTON |
(By Mrs. E. E. Rainwater)
Influenza has abated and we all look
forward to a great Xmas.
Messrs. Chester Potts and Tuliss of
Somerton left last night for Los An
geles, Cal.
Mr. E. R. Caton of Sommerton was
a Yuma visitor Tuesday.
A big dance wi> : be given in Somer
ton Xmas night.
Industrious men from Oklahoma are
rapidly building up sections about
Somerton and Gadnden. All are much
impressed with Arfzona.
Miss Hallie Martin of Clifton, Ariz.,
is expected to arrive in Yuma Wednes
day evening. A big social affair Is
planned for her .on Thursday night
by Mr. and Mrs. Rainwater and
friends. We shall be delighted to have
such an honored guest during the holi
days.
Mrs. Altonio of Tucson is also ex
pected to be one of Mrs. Rainwater's
guests during the holidays.
Mr. I. C. Cheaves, formerly a resi
dent of Phoenix, has just returned
from a long journey. We understand
that he will leave shortly. We are
glad to see him and wish him a Merry
Xmas.
A delightful dinner party is planned
for Xmas day by Mesdames Caton
and Rainwater. A large number will
be present, including friends and vis
itors. It will be a swell affair as the
young Mrs. W. T. Rainwater of Roch
ester, N. Y., will be present. Her hus
band, who came here several weeks
tigo for the benefit of his health. Is
improving so rapidly they call this
state “wonderful.” At least three big
cars will be chartered for the occa
sion. Mr. Caton’s car will also be in
action. The whole party anticipates
the greatest Xmas ever.
A big dance will be given by the
boys of the 25th Infantry on Thurs
day night. Everyone anticipates a
grand time.
Mrs. Rainwater and Mr. McCrory
put a ' Boston” on Mr. Rainwater and
his nephew. The winners challenge
Yuma Whist club.
Mr. and Mrs. Leon Wilson have de
cided to change homes.
Felix Booster and Bill went hunting
Tuesday. They bagged a hare, sev
eral quail and doves. Booster woke
up lots of game. Guess who shot the
woodchuck?
Miss Bertha Deaver became the
bride of one of the members of the
the 25th Infantry. We extend congrat
ulations.
Mr. Ollle Brown left for El Paso,
Texas, to spend the holidays.
We are still enrolling new subscrib
ers for the Tribune —Arizona’s Great
est Weekly.
o
FLAGSTAFF
Mrs. J. C. Henderson is convales
cing.
Mr. Walter Davis has been slightly
indisposed, suffering with a bilious at
tack.
DeLouis Davis, the five-year-old
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Davis,
suffered a painful accident .last week.
She is much improved at this writing.
Mrs. McGee, wife of Mr. J. M. Me-1
Gee of this city, arrived Saturday, the
14th. They are staying at the resi
dence of Mrs. Mary Davis.
Colored Delegates at Peace Conference Ask for
German African Colonies; Would form Democracy.
And Prove Our Capacity for Self-Government
WAR BETWEEN PERU |
AND CHILI UNLESS I
POWERS INTERVENE
Armies Being Mobilized by Both the
Countries
(Special to The Tribune)
Washington, Dec. 18. —War on the
South American west coast is inevi
table unless the United States or con
certed powers intervene in the Peru-
Chile dispute, according to Latin-Am- t
erican diplomats here today.
Latest advices from Lima and San
tiago verified reports' of moibilization 1
at both capitals. Both the Chilean 1
embassy and the Peruvian legation ad- 1
mitted that undoubtedly a crisis was '
at hand. ' '
The most serious aspect in the opin- >
ion of diplomats was the evidence that !
attempts are being made to form alii- '
ances that Itv the ev'ent that hoatili- '
ties might throw the'entire continent 1
into war. 1
Dispatches announcing the recall of <
the Brazilian minister to Peru were 1
held to be without logical foundation. I
Rumors mentioned a line up of Bra- 1
zil Bolivia and Peru against Chile,
Argentina and Mexico. It was also
suggested by Latin-American diplo- '
mats that Bolivia and Argentina might I
stand by Peru against Chile, owing to 1
Chile’s admitted military and naval
superiority.
The Peruvians contend that “Presi
dent Wilson’s statements in the mat
ter of self-determination of peoples
gives her a feeling of perfect confi
dence in the early realization of jus
tice,” and that “the United States will
not demand justice in middle Europe
and the Balkans and at the same time
permit oppression among the Ameri
cans.”
o
THE NIGHT BEFORE PEACE
’Twas the night before peace in No
Man’s Land, the Americans gained the
uper hand of the beastly Hun, with
saber and guns; ’twas the work of
America’s Brave Black Sons.
The Germans were tucked all snug
In their trench, but they were discov
ered by the brave little French. The
Germans had stopped in a long wood
ed spot, and we had mounted our guns
for a long range shot. Then we were
in ambush so lively and quick, it made
the old kaiser deathly sick. He was
so sure of conquering the world, but
when he looked up our flag was un
furled.
Let’s give thanks to God that Ger
many lost, and donate our money to
the Faithful Red Cross.
Composed by
ROBT. FAMBROUGH.
P. U. H. S., Phoenix, Ariz.
o
Ok Greatest AlotHer in t/te World
Join the
Red Goss
“yill O/ou. is a Jieart
and a "Dollar
PECULIAR JIM CROW 1
COACH CASE AND A ,
NOVELCiRI DECISION
(Special to The Tribune)
Baltimore, Md., Dec. 19. —The ques- I
tion of the carrier’s duty with respect
to the furnishing of separate com
partments in dining cars for the two
races seems to have arisen for the *
first time in the Tennessee case of *
Shelton v. Chicago R. I. & P. R. Co., ‘
201 S. W. 521. The court holds that 1
railroads should provide usual but ’
separate and sufficient accomnyjda- *
tions for white and Negro passengers 1
by furnishing two or more coaches, or ’
even one coach divided by a wooden
partition, did not require the dividing 1
of dining cars into separate compart- ‘
ments by partitions of wood, or the
furnishing of separate dining cars, and 1
that a regulation of the carrier, by 1
which white passengers were served 1
first in the diner, and a reasonable 1
time after they had finished the Ne
gro passengers were served, was reas- 1
onable, wise and fair
o -
PEOPLE WARNED THAT
INFLUENZA IS NOT
YET UNDER CONTROL
(Special to The Tribune)
Washington, Dec. 19. —Warning to
the country that the influenza epi
demic is by no means ended and that
all possible precautions against the
disease should be taken, was issued
tonight by Surgeon General Blue of
the public health service.
Reports received by the service show
a recrudescense of the diseace prac- -
tically from one end of the country
to the other and in his statement Dr.
Blue advised the closing of the pub
lic schools on the first sign of the re
appearance of the epidemic. He said
the disease apparently now tended to
occur more frequently among school
children.
“Our main reliance,” Dr. Blue said,
"must still be the observance of pre
cautions by the individual person. He
should cover up his coughs and
sneezes and insist that others do the
same.”
A Word Abok the “flu”
An exheange says;
There are two ways by which spread
of the “flu” may be avoided; Vac
cination and wearing of gauze masks.
It makes no difference what some fogy
of a doctor may tell you, get vaccinat
ed as quickly as possible, ttnd your
chances of not taking "flu” will be
about ten to one.
When your doctor begins to tell you
that vaccination Is of doubtful value
and that he does not recommend It,
get another doctor. That is the safest
plan and the best for the community
as well as for yourself.
For a woman to keep two devoted
men on the string at the same time
Is a sign of artistry; for a man to
keep two devoted women on the string
at the same time Is a sign of lunacy.
5 Cents a Copy; $2 a Year
DELEGATION REACHES
PARIS FROM AMERICA
Dr. R. R. Moton, Successor to Booker
T. Washington, and W. L. B. Du
Bois Would Give Black Man a
Chance.
(By Louis Selbold)
(Copyright, 1918, by the Press Pub
lishing Co.)
(The New York World)
Brest, France, Dec. 17. —Pleadipg
the privilege of self-government and
self-determination, leading negroes
of the United States will ask the
peace conference to turn back to na--
tlve conference to turn back to na
tive control the German colonies in
fries for national organization by
those now there and by other negroes
who may wish to live under a govern
ment by and of their race In the old
African land.
The transport Orizaba, bringing an
advance guard to the Paris peaoe con
ference, arrived here on Monday, af
ter an uneventful voyage of eight
days,- In addition to fifty representa
tives of the American newspapers, tile
ship had as passengers a delegation
of negroes, commissioned to urge tips
claims of the race on the conference.
The delegation includes W. E. B. pu
Bois, editor of the Crisis, and Dr- R-
R. Moton, head of the Tuskegee Insti
tute.
House Has the Memorial
A memorial has already been sub
mitted to Col. House. It urges the
peace conference to extend the prin
ciple of democracy to the negro race
by recognizing the right of the race -to
self-government under the “self-de
termination” clause of President Wil
son’s peace terms.
The memorial points out that the
transfer of the German colonies In
Africa to the control of other nations
would retard the progress of the ne
gro race, whereas the application of
the self determination principle would
result In the advancement of the race.
There Is a general plan which con
templates an agreement among the
belligerents to set aside not only the
African colonies under previous Ger
man rule, but also those now gov
erned by the French and Portuguese,
and also the Independent African
states, and to make of these lands
an African union, for the reorganiza
tion of a government by native ne
groes and by the negroes who may
elect to emigrate and attach them
selves to the proposed deiflocra£y.
One point the memorial emphasizes
Is that if German Africa were taken
from one imperial master, evep
though a bad one. In order to pass M
over to another, though a better one.
that act would Inevitably rouse sus
picion of selfish alms on the part of
the allies, and would leave open grave
questions concerning the future of
colonial possessions and government.
The conference will be urged to
commemorate the three hundredth
anniversary of the landing of the ne
gro In America, In August, 1919, by
encouraging the present movement tp
hand Africa over to the Africans.
Alms of the British labor party for
the extension of the right of self-gov
ernment and for protection under or
ganized conditions are Indorsed'la the
memorial.
Not a Colonization Scheme
Mr. Du Bois declares that the plan
is not a colonization scheme, but It Is
basically a movement to give 12,000,-
000 negroes in the German colonleß
and In other African states oppor
(Contlnued on page i)

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