Newspaper Page Text
- ~I - ’""
PHOENIX TRIBUNE VOLUME I. NUMBER 40 BLACK SOLDIER MURDERED AT NOGALES GEORGIA FARMERS ! TRY TO KEEP BLACK LABORERS IN SOUTH f Michigan Supreme Court Appeal on Part of Southern State Reveals Browbeating Tactics Where Blacks Have a Scheme to ' Get Away Detriot, Mich., Dec. 24.—A well-or ' ganlzeri plan to get Southern colored laborers to Detroit is revealed in liti gation which also echoes the efforts of the South to counteract the attrac tion of high wages here. The State of Georgia is spending hundreds of dollars in an effort to take back Boas Millbrook, a colored man. charge of forgery which involves sll. The litigation has been taken to the Supreme Court of Michigan. The events leading to the legal bat tle go back a year, when a local “or ganizer” appeared in the South and began the formation of “lodges” on various plantations. The members were negroes only, and the dues were 10 cents a week. When a lodge got $35 or so in the treasury it was expended in sending one of its members to Detroit. This member got work at $5 a day through the Boosters’ Club, or similar colored organizations in this city, which co-op erated with the plantation "lodges”. « His surplus funds he sent back to the South to bring his family and other Negroes. As fast as other colored men ar rived they began saving, and with ■ the money raised by the “lodges" themselves, the whole membership was soon in the North and the par ticular plantation, stripped of all its labor, no longer had even a “lodge.” The drain on the South was so seri ous that an organized campaign was begun by plantation owners to break up the system. The present suit in ' this city is a step in this campaign. Detroit colored men say the suit is an effort to intimidate the southern colored men and disrupt the existing “lodges.” Boas Milbrook was one of the col ored men who came to Detroit from "Plantation Eight” near Bullocks ville, Merriwether County, Georgia. He is said to have withdrawn the I funds of the “lodge” from the bank with two other colored men acting as a “financial committee.” On the back of the check is the name “Rob ert Milbrook” which is that of Boas’ ( < father. Boas claims he does not j know who signed it, and says he can- \ not write. Boas Milbrook reached Detroit , laßt May and obtained employment at $5 a day. The most he ever got be fore was 65 cents. He began send- . ing all his savings South to bring on • other members of the “lodge.” The forgery charge came up a few ! ( weeks ago. Milbrook’s attorney pro- , tested against the extradition papers, and got a writ of habeas corpus. The Wayne County Circuit Court refused ' the writ, which was taken to the Su- j preme Court, which reduced bail from $2,000 to $55, and is reviewing the < case. Milbrook is in jail, tempor arily. o General Receives “Bawling Out” i Spartansburg, S. C. —When General . O’Neill, of Allentown, came here re cently, his train was three hours late. , The Negro escort appointed to re . celve him at the station had been , dismissed, the general walked. Pres ently he was accosted by a sentry. ] “Who is you?” I "General O’Neill.” , “Well, you cut the buck and go up there to headquarters, to beat the , debbill and see my captain and explain j yosself. We’s been waitin’ three hours fer you.” ( Oi ' The five cities in the United States , having the largest Negro population < (1917) are. Washington, D. C., 94,446; i New York, N. Y., 91.709; New Or leans, La., 89,262; Baltimore, Md., 1 84,749, and Philadelphia, Pa., 84,469. i ARGENTINA ACTED HASTILY IK PERU AND CHILI FUSS (Special to the Tribune) Buenos Aires Dec. 24.—The Ameri can ofTer of mediation as between Chile and Peru has caused satisfac tion in Chile, where, according to ad vices from that country, it is inter preted as assurance that the United States will not interfere unless invit ed to do so by both Chile and Peru. Some of the daily papers of Buenos Aires show chagrin, for they say, the Argentine government misinterpreted the original note and went beyond the invitation offering mediation, and now is left alone to act. El Diario says: “The declaration by the United States that it would not ofTer media tion until invited to do so by both re publics leaves the Argentine govern ment in a grave position, because it has already offered to mediate, al though only asked by the United States to study the possibility of a conflict. The invitation was made to all the Latin-American republics, but Argentina thought it was only made to it.” El Diario calls for the publication of all the notes in order to make clear the Argentine position. in nm¥i OLD MISSISSIPPI Jackson, Miss. —“The jury believed the Negro and disbelieved the white man,” said presiding Judge Cook from ! the supreme court bench today, “and ; we find no cause for reversal." This j remark was brought out on a resume of the testimony in the case of R. J. Jennings, Sr., vs. State, the appellant having been convicted in the Tallahat chie County Court on the charge of pointing a pistol at a crowd of Ne groes who were attending a Colored church wedding. o | RAY | (By Archie Lewis) Last week that well known person age “Don Influenza”, invaded the home of the Tribune reporter in Ray and j laid “yours truly” and my three little girls low for a few days. At this writ ing, we’re out of danger and recover ing rapidly. Little Lillie May Bueford and Burt McDonald have also recovered from an attack of the flu. Miss Bird, a charming young lady from New Mexico, is an arrival in camp. She has accepted a position with Mr .and Mrs. McClure of Boyd Heights. Miss Inez Stewart is visiting rela i tives in Phoenix. Mose Davis has resigned his posi tion with the Hercules Copper Co. Lewis Hudson is now working for the Ray Con. Mrs. McWilliams left last week to vist her mother in Los Angeles, Calif. Mose Davis spent last Sunday visit ing in the Smelter city. Mr. B. Moore has resigned his posi tion at the Orange Blossom Case and expects to begin work for the Ray Con. within the next few days. I’m in style now. I have had the “flu.” Mr. F. Smith, the popular clubman and proprietor of Ray’s only amuse ment hall, has been suffering with j neuralgia the past few days. Mrs. William Barnell, who has been indisposed the past few weeks, is Im proving rapidly and expects to be out soon. A delightful surprise party was giv en at Smith’s Hall on the evening of December 20. It was in honor of Mrs. Archie Lewis’ 24th birthday, which occurs every year about that time. The hall was beautifully decorated and a piano was rented for this spe cial occasion. Mrs. Lewis didn't have an inkling of what was going on. Mrs. Bueford Invited her to come over a few minutes. The hall was darkened and everyone had assembled when I'.jf |. ' : 1 ■ Now this great war has ended and soon our boys wifi be Returning to their homes once more from far across the sea. And when the praise is meted out how will the darker skin Boys be treated who fought side by side and helped to win The world’s great democracy and brought victory to our shores? Will theirs be weighed on the same scales or be behind closed doors? In every war that’s been enacted he’s always there to play His part and is always found in the thickest of the fray. Even when he was bound in chains and he was called to go Boldly to the front he went and his answer was not “no.” But gallantly shouldered his gun though submissive and meek; He gave his life for others because not a yellow streak Has been found in him, but is ready to stand by The flag which proves beyond a doubt he’s not afraid to die. Then why not praise him for his being fearless, brave and bold, Which should go down in history, but half has not been told. Students Called on to Serve in Africa Yonkers, N. Y. —Hundreds of colored students In Methodist theological sem inaries throughout the United States were invited by J. N. Ruffin, a mem ber of the London Chamber of Com merce, to volunteer as missionaries for the Christianization of the Hot tentos, Hereros, and other black tribes in former German colonies in south west Africa. Mr. Ruffin, speaking as the guest at the annual conference of the Board of Foreign Missions of the Methodist Episcopal Church in session here, in timated that the British government stopd ready to finance educated Amer ican colored men who would go to Africa and help to enlighten and up lift the blacks there who, he said, were impoverished and weak as the result of white German misrule. | WINSLOW (By Emma Lindeil) Mrs. and Mrs. Lincoln Maynard and daughter, Marguerite, returned Satur day from a trip to Denver, Colo., Kan sas City, Mo„ and Chicago, 111., and Dallas, Texas. They report an enjoy able trip. Mr. Charlie Burkhardt, a former Winslow boy, now in the U. S. N., stationed at Fortress Monroe, West Virginia, has just returned from France with a load of wounded soldiers on board the U. S. S. Illinois. He will sail again on the sixteenth. Mr. Burk hardt enjoys life in the navy and says that he would not take anything for his experience. Mr. T. Simpson left the ninth inst., for Tempe, Texas, to take little John nie Mae Newsome, whose parents both were claimed by the flu, to her grandfather. After the death of Mr. and Mrs. Newsome, Mr. Simpson was appointed administrator of their es tate. He kept the little girl with him until the above date. Mrs. Norman Yeager leaves Tues day for Lawrence, Kans., where she will spend two weeks with her grand mother. Mrs. J. N. Burkhardt is Improving rapidly and expects to be out in a few days. Mi3s C’.eo Wilson, an active worker In the colored church of this city, is endeavoring to have a Christmas pro gram. We heartily wish her much success. It is rumored that we shall have a dance Christmas. Is It true? o Never worry about trlflles. The holes that let the water Into your shoes will let It out again. Mrs. Lewis arrived. As she started to pass through the hall on the way to Mrs. Bueford’s home, the lights were turned on and she was truly sur prised. The evening was spent at whist and dancing. Pork and pemien to sandwiches, hot coffee, salad, cak» and punch were served. Everyone present had a glorious time, and Mrs Lewis was the recipient of many beau tiful and useful gifts. The affair was planned and managed by Mesdames Bueford, F. Smith, Harris and Hudson. These ladies certainly deserve much credit for the splendidly successful manner to which the surprise party was carried out. e . , ( Mr. James Coleman motored over to Hayden last Saturday night, ARIZONA’S GREATEST WEEKLY PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 28, 1918 Sky Scraper Will Be i Erected By Negroes — i — Washington, D. O.—With the re | lease of building materials and the loosening of the tension in the labor market, the erection of John W. Lewis’ , Whitelaw Apartment, House is being speeded up at a rapid rate. This big apartment and hostelry at 13th and ’ T street is sorely needed at this limp by the better class of colored tenants. It is expected that The Whitelaw "Whitelaw” Is Mr. Lewis’ middle name) will be under roof by Christmas day. o bum mnui n COBH Parsons, Kans. —One of the gratify ing results of the recent election in Kansas was the election of Percy Robinson, of this place, as coroner of Labette county. Mr. Robinson received a total vote of 7*607, and was elected by a majority of 4,427, leading the ticket in the county. o 1 TUCSON | (By S. E. Newell) Quite a number of persons heard the interesting lectures delivered by the Rev. R. A. Jackson, one of our returned missionaries from Africa, one who has had 16 years experience among the various tribes in the in terior of south Africa. He is telling the story of missions as can be told only by one who has been permitted to do missionary work right in the Jungles of Africa. Rev. Jackson ar rived in Tucson on the afternoon of Dec. 13th from El Paso. He inquired for the pastor of Mt. Calvary Baptist church, having a desire to speak to the people of Tucson in passing on his way further west. The pastor and members of Mt. Calvary church sought to make the man of God welcome dur ing his sojourn in our little city. We rejoice also to say that Rev. Richard S. Beal, pastor of the First Baptist church, left no stone unturned in help ing to make brother Jackson know that Christian work in Tucson is perhaps unlike that of most places we pause Just a minute to say a word in regard to Rev. Beal. If the congregations among American white people were all being pastored by such men as this Christian minister. There would soon be no race prejudice, at least in Chris tian work. The Saints of God would . all meet upon a level. They would act by the plumb and part upon the square. Therefore we would ever meet, act and part and there would be no division among us. Tucson has three missionary Baptist, ministers pastorlng churches identified with the three different races. The Anglo-Sax on, Spanish and Negro. Yet we know each other only as brothers In the streets, in the homes or in the church. I am sure Rev. Jackson has no re grets that he stopped in Tucson, ar.d the people of the different races here heard him with unlimited pleasure as he told the thrilling story of missions in jthe foreign fields. Quite an appre ciative audience attended the lecture on Monday evening, Dec. 16th, at >the First Baptist church; at i which time White Man Poses as j Negro and Invades i Society at Capitol! Washington, D. C. —"Prof.” Herman Bernelot Moens, a well-known charac ter, said to be a native of Holland, and who has been associating quite Intimately with a number of Washing ton’s leading colored people, has been indicted by the grand jury, charged with having in hs possession a selec tion of obscene pictures. “Prof.” Moen 3”, as he has been called. Is a white man, of rather engaging person ality, and has frequented the social affairs of the colored people to Indi cate his belief in the ultimate unifi cation of the races and to demonstrate his own freedom from race prejudice. “Prof.” Moens is at liberty on a $5,000 bond, awaiting trial in the District courts. The arrest of the “Prof.” caused a stir in many circles and has aroused no end of gossip, and a renew al of the inquiry as to Just what might be his real mission in this country. STUDY OF NEGRO LABOR PROBLEM ISJNDERTAKEN Washington, pec. 24. —Solution of problems seriously affecting the econo mical condition of the negro wage earner has been undertaken by the de partment of labor through the institu tion of state and local organization. Under the direction of the bureau of negro economics with Dr. George E. Haynes as director, co-operative committees of whites and negroes have been formed in seven states and five others are taking up the work. A report on the migration of negro labor from the south is being prepared by Dr. James H. Dillard, president of the Jeanes and Slatter fund for negro education in the south and will be completed soon. With respect to this inquiry. Secretary Wilson says: “Among the circumstances disclosed by Dr. Dillard’s investigation was the fact that the exodus of negro workers has been the largest where lynching? and other forms of race friction had been the greatest. “While the functions of the depart ment do not extend to recommends-1 tions of specific m o ans for dealing with this menace, and while its correc tion lies wholly with the several states it seems proper to point out that it is a constant cause of unrest and that it is making harder the work of the department of labor to increase the efficiency of the negro wage earners by improving their conditions. Rev. Jackson acquitted himself ex ceedingly well. He must have been at his best. A number of questions were propounded by different persons in the audience, both by our own race and the white race. Very logical and satis factory answers were imediately ob tained from Rev. Jackson about the people in Africa and their habits and customs. A word about the A. M. E. church. The presiding elder, Rev. Allen, has recently succeeded in re-organizing the work of the Mite Missionary society. The following are the names of the officers of this auxiliary: Mrs. M. E. Click, president, Mrs. Laura King* vice-president; Mrs. Sa die Gordon, treasurer; Mrs. Opeliah Miles, secretary. A splendid mission ary meeting was held at the residence of Mrs. M. E. Click, 127 E. 6th, on the 16th Inst. Rev. Allen was present and delivered a very timely and encourag ing address to the society. A number of other persons spoke very encourag ingly to the society. IF YOU ARE HUNGRY, come Into the Case. We have an experienced Hotel Chef at the range. We are pre pared to serve any kind of meal your appetite'calls "for. ’Alt hooking, regu lar home style. The waiters In the dining room will spare no pains in giv ing first-class service. This is ‘Every body’s cafie. That meats Y-0-U J . r Call to at 211 North Sixth a*e. - ‘ Adv.j Superior Officer Slew Colored Sergeant Because Latter Saluted With Cigarette in His Mouth Secretary of War May " j Ask for Standing Army ; of Half Million Men : |i Universal Military Training Not to Be Included in Recommendations Universal Training Advocates To Fight For Passage of Measure Washington, Dec. 24.—The War De partment will soon ask congress to authorize a peace time standing army of half a million men, according to present plans. The Department does not now con template recommending universal military training. These two outstanding features of the Department army reorganization plans as they will soon be carried be fore the House Military Committee were learned today from a source close to both Secretary of W’ar Baker and chief of staff March. Other details of the Department’s recommendations, such as the deter mination of whether the National Guard shall be revived or whether some other organization will replace It are not yet fully worked out. That the army reorganization bill will have to come before Congress in the next few weeks was Indicated by the re quest which it is understood has al ready been sent to the House Military Committee to take up and rush thru the reorganization bill before the reg ular army appropriation measure Is considered. If the department’s proposition is sent to Congress without some sop to universal training advocates as the department now plans, a special ses sion of Congress Is regarded as a ne cessity. Universal training backers if not In actual majority In this Congress have sufficient strength .to prevent passage of any measure which does not embrace their p'an. Their inten tion to fight both reorganization and approprlaiton bills until they are given recognition by the department was indicated by several of their leaders today. Assistant Secretary of War Crow ell and Quartermaster General Goe thals appeared before the House Mili tary Committee today but did not en ter into army reorganization plans, confining their testimony to a plea for speedy passage of a bill to allow them to make settlements of contracts ruled illegal by Comptroller Warwick of the Treasury. Many firms might be thrown into bankruptcy unless the bill is passed, the committee was told, because the government could make no compensa tion to firms where contracts had been cancelled with the signing cf the armistice. Thousands of dollars are involved in these contrp.cts, Goe thals said. o A WASHINGTON RUMOR One of the Washington rumors Is that the next congress will pass a bill cutting down to constitutional limits the representation of the Southern States which do not permit Negroes" to vote. That can be done. But it Is expected the President will veto It and, of course, the Republicans will not have the necessary two-thirds vote to pass it over his veto. So the only purpose? of the move will be to put Mr. Wilson on record and see what reason he dare give for abrogating the constitution. His Only effective comeback will be that the Republicans did not pass such legislation when they controlled both houses of congress and the presiden cy. So it will be a case of playing politics alt round. Both parties are equally guilty 1 , though a Republican President never has had to go on rec- i ord on stich a question.—Buffalo Ex- < phesS. ; * . ] 5 Cents a Copy; $2 a Year (Special to The Tribune) Nogales. Arlz., Dec. 24.—Lieutenant Brandon Finney, white, connected with the 25th United Staten Infantry here, has confessed that he killed Sergeant William J. White, colored, because the latter saluted him with a cigarette In his mouth . Sergeant White of Com pany F was shot in the back during the early part of November and his body placed near the plant of the Arizona Gas and Electric Co. Mystery at first surrounded his death and it was not until Major Easton, who was with the lieutenant when he committed the cowardly act, Inlqrmed him that if he did not confess to the crime he (Easton) would tell the whole story to Colonel Carnahan. Here Is a version of the unfortunate affair: “The two officers met the colored sergeant near the gas plant, the ser geant saluting, but at the time had a cigarette in his mouth. Lieutenant Finney began a vigorous reprimand and the sergeant walked on. This seems to have still further angered the lieutenant, who pulled his pistol and fired, after which both officers hur ried away from the spot, going to camp. “At the time the shot was fired the soldier was on the sidewalk, coming toward town, and It is believed that when the bullet struck him he became dazed and wandered Into the vacant lot and laid down behind a large box where his dead body was found.” When Finney admitted that he com mitted the crime the civil authorities refused to put him in the local Jail, declaring that they did not want It torn down. Later the lieutenant was taken to Douglas for incarceration. He will be given a trial by courtmar tial. Such happenings as these and others prove conclusively that white men should not serve as officers ovef colored soldiers, and the War Depart ment will act wisely to change Its pro gram In ths respect. o | DOUGLAS By Rev. G. R. Kirby CARD OF THANKS We wish to thank our many friends for their kindness during the illness and death of our belcvod wife and sister, Carrie McCalister. We also wish to thank you for the beautiful floral offering. Ferdinand McCalllster, husband, Mrs. Bolder, sister, Mrs. Mildred Radford, sister, F. O. Bolder, brother. The following telegram was received by Mrs. Maggie January of this city: Washington, D. C., Dec. 9, 1918. ' Mrs. Maggie January, 927-17th St., Douglas, Ar!z:. Deeply regret to Inform you that Corporal John January, infantry, was severe-y wounded in action on Septem ber 29. Further information when received. HARRIS, The Adjutant-General. o ENCOURAGEMENT What if we are lacking? Can we not improve? Is there not room before us Thru which we still can move? Are there not heights before us Which we must climb to reach? What though the way be toilsome? In climbing we can teach The ones who come behind us The beauty of the way. For we shall call adown the steep, When we’ve come into our day. How sweet, to be progressive Though steep the way and drear. The beauty of perfection Though viewed thru an anxious tear. C. Y. o "Thirteen” is an unlucky age for girls. They are too old to play with dolls, and too young to play with the boys.