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An Advertisement in the Tribune is a 'Direct PersSnaf AppeaTto fHe Colored People
PHOENIX |§| TRIBUNE VOLUME 2. NO. 54 SHIP TO BE NAMED AFTER BLACK HERO MI ACHIEVEMENTS OF BLACK AMERICANS IN PACE FIFTH YEARS (Associated Negro Press) Washington. D. 0. —An address of more than passing interest was deliv ered in the House of Representatives on Lincoln’s birthday anniversary by Congressman Emerson of Ohio. It is of special value to the country at this time, as it forces the attention of the public upon an array of facts which | show the remarkable progress made by the Race during the brief period*of! freedom. Statistics are not generally ; interesting. These as a revelation of astonishing racial progress will prove an exception to the rule. Congressman Emerson said: “On this, the 12lh day of February, the anniversary of the birth of Abra ham Lincoln, it is very interesting to consider for a few moments the prog ress of the Colored people in this coun try who feel greatly indebted to him for his efforts in seucring for them freedom and opportunity. “On September 22, 1862, President Lincoln issued his emancipation proc lamation wherein he stated that on January 1, 1863, all persons held as slaves within certain states were to be free. The close of the civil war found the Colored man free —not only free, but he was invested with all rights and responsibilities of citizen ship. How he has progressed since that time is now a matter of history, re duced to figures and facts, and it is well for us to consider them, bearing in mind that the civilization and prog- j ress and accomplishments of this race have taken place in the last half of a century. “In 1915 the races of the world were in about the following proportions: Yellow, 703,000,000; white, 560,000.000; Colored, 258,000,000. “To give an idea of the great in crease in the efficiency of the ('olore.l race, I desire to submit the following figures: Homes owned, 1860, 12,000; 1916, 600,000. Farm.; operated; 1860, 20,000; 1916, 981,000. Business conducted, 1866, 2,100; 1916, 45,000. Wealth accumulated, 18C6, $20,000,- 000; 1916, $1,000,000,000. “Now let us turn to the educational statistics: Percentage literate, 1806, 10 per cent; 1916, 75 per cent. College and normal school, 1866, 15; 1916, 500. Teachers in public school, 1866, 600; 1916, 36,900. Students in public schools, 1866, 100,- 000; 1916, 1,736,000. Property for higher education, 1566, $60,000; 1916, $21,500,000. Expenditures for education, 1866. $700,000; 1916, 14,600,000. The religious progress of the Col ored race has been wonderful, but j here are figures: Number of churches, 1866, 700; 1916, 42,000. Number of Sunday schools, 1866, 1,000; 1916. 43,000. Number of Sunday school pupils 1866, 50,000; 1916, 2,400,000. Value of church property, 1866, sl,- 500,000; 1916, $76,000,000. "In 1914 in the State of Georgia, Colored citizens made returns upon $38,63,307 worth cf property and owned 1,592,555 acres of land. "In North Carolina Colored citizens made returns upon $32,197,8010 worth of property. “In Virginia Colored people owned 1.674.973 acres of land and had $37.- 851.973 worth of real and personal property. "In 1900 Colored people were inter ested in 61 banks and insurance com panies and held policies to the amount of $25,800,000. “Colored people have interested themselves in playgrounds for chil dren, social improvement, Negro up lift, civil improvement and health im provement. “They have won prizes in raising com, pigs, potatoes and other vege tables. “They have noted preachers, inven tors, teachers, sculptors, actors, art ists, singers and musicians. “Tho Colored man in the war of Southern Woman Says Her Testimony Sent Innocent Man to Pen Writes Governor That She Lied And Wants Man Pardoned (Associated Negro Press) Columbia, S. C. —Governor Cooper has started an investigation of facts related in a letter he received recent ly from a woman in the eastern part of the state, in which it is said that testimony the woman gave in a case against a man some years ago, which resulted in his being sent to the peni tentiary, was false, and that it was given through spite. She says her conscience has troubled her a great deal and that she wants the man par doned. The man in the case was con victed of rape and was given a long term in the state prison. He is there now. Governor Cooper referred the let ter to the solicitor in the circuit for investigation, and if the facts related by the woman are true the man will be pardoned. The governor is not willing to make public any names or places until he ascertains the correct ness of the woman’s allegation. o President Wilson Hires Big Hotel (Associated Negro Press) Chicago, 111., April I.—The latest news from Paris brings the word that President Wilson, on his second so journ to the French capitol, will oc cupy the forty rooms of 'the Hotel Bischoffseira, a structure built at a cost of $1,000,000,000. Evidently the Murat Palace did not prove, good enough for the traveling president. Also ordinary but comfortable furn ishings do not seem to be adequate. The $2,000,000,000 “gorgeous appoint ments, furniture and art works” which were removed from this newest White House, on account of air raids, are being brought for Mr. and Mrs. Wilson by eleven trucks, probably manned by.soldiers most anxious to quit fighting democracy. We are won dering how far Mr. Lincoln would have allowed such gorgeous prepara tions to proceed, if one’s imagination can wander far enough to see Abra ham Lincoln leaving his country dur ing the most trying times in its his tory. o 20TH CENTURY PROD DIGY FOUND IN COLORED ARTIST (Associated Negro Press) New Orleans, La.—Arthur Edwin Johnson, of this city, is the name of the new Negro artist who has been discovered in the last few days. He has never taken a lesson in art, but his productions are regarded as marvel ous, and hundreds of people of both races flock to his humble gallery ev ery day to see his handiwork. the United States has always shown himself loyal, patriotic and ready to fight—never flinching from duty. “The blood of the Colored men has been shed upon every battlefield from the Boston massacre to the time of the signing of the armistice last Novem ber. “Crispus Attucks, a Colored man, was the firs,t to fall in the Boston mas sacre, March 5, 1770. “Samuel Lawrence led a company of Colored soldiers at Bunker Hill. “Peter Salem fired the shot that killed Major Pitcairn. “The Black Legion in 1779 covered themselves with glory at the seige of Savannah. "Over 3,000 served in the Revolu tionary war and fought for independ ence of this Nation. “In the present world war thousands of Colored soldiers went over the top for freedom and democracy. ."Over 33 Colored people have re ceived Carnegie medals, 3 graduated from West Point, and they have for eign races that come to this country.” “WE DON’T EAT COT TON, WE BANK IT,” SAY COLORED FARMERS (Associated Negro Press) Tuskegee, Ala. At the annual Farmers’ conference at Tuskegee In stitute prosperous Negroes are called to the platform to tell how they dug success from their fields. Having told their story they must meet a fire of questions on whatever line the ques tioners elect. One strapping farmer had just ex plained how Dr. Bradford Knapp's farming plan panned out for him. He had produced family supplies in abun dance for the entire year—pork, vege tables, corn, eggs, chickens, milk and butter, and had sold the surplus of these commodities for more than enough to meet alt other needs. “Me and my /oiks,” he declared, “live well every day of the year”; and he looked it. His cotton crop, which netted $1,200, he had put in the bank. “We don’t eat cotton at my house,” he said; “we bank it.” “What sort o’ school you got?” asked one of the crowd. A good school, it appeared. Ques tions showed that a good house, a trained teacher and a lengthened term -were provided, and that the man who didn’t eat cotton had done more than his share toward securing them. “What you doin’ so much for?” some one asked at last. The farmer scratched his head a minute, and faced the crowd with a grin. “I own my land.” he said, “but I’ve got a boy, too. If lie’s taughi right, he’ll know how to work, and what good work can do for him. I can leave him my farm, and he’ll make it pay. But if he can’t get a good school to go to, he’ll grow up a fool, an’ marry another one. An’ him an - ’ his wife—an’ a raft of cliil den, like tnough—will come an’ set down on me to support ’em. One way or the other that boy'll get everything I’ve got; an’ I don't want him to gor 't by lrm an’ me boih bein’ fools. That’s why I put my money into a school.” < 330 DEGREE MASON WILL LECTORE HERE TUESDAY EVENING t J. C. Scott, special deputy grand master of Masons of Texas and juris diction, who has held spell bound hun dreds of audiences through Oklahoma. New Mexico, Arizona and Texas, will lecture Tuesday evening, April 8. 8 p. m., at the Second Baptist church, corner Fifth street and Jefferson. Mr. Scott is a thirty-third degree Mason and among the noted orators and lecturers of the race. His lec tures are illustrated with seventy-five pictures on canvas and he has never failed to interest his audience. He will peak on three subjects: “The Tran sition of the Negro”; “Our People i’l the War”; and “The Relation of Ma sonry to Christianity.” The educated, uneducated, women, children all learn something from this brilliant man. There will be no»a,dmission fee. You will be privileged to contribute ac cording to your feelings. Don’t for get the place and date. Everybody welcome. THIRTEEN YEAR OLD GIRI. ASSAULTED (Associated Negro Press) Annapolis, Md., March 31. Arthur M. McCuolgan, a white man, living near Gambrils, this country, and em ployed at Camp Meade, was committed to jail today without bail to answer to the Grand Jury at the April term of court on the charge of criminal as sault upon Essie Thomas, a colored girl, said to be 13 years old. The girl was employed in McCrvl gan’s family. The arrest was made this morning and the hearing was be fore Police Justice Welch. The of fense is alleged to have occurred Mon day. ARIZONA’S GREATEST. WEEKLY PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, APRIL 5, 1919 INDUSTRIAL EDUGATION VS. HIGIER EDUCATION (By E. J. Moore, Tampa, Fla.) I listened to a heated debate on this question recently which proved to be very entertaining so far as discussion is concerned. But to differentiate be tween the essentiality of industrial and higher education is a problem so intricate as to be practically unsolv oble. Take the higher education away from the industrial and it becomes a drudgery, and every one wants to get away from it. Indeed it is the higher education that has dignified the indus trial and given it a finishing touch. Industrial education left to itself is nothing more than common labor. One of the speakers glibly quoted scripture by stating 1 that the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ was a carpenter, but he neglected to say that the good Master stuck to that trade all through life. As soon as the carpenter mas tered sufficient knowledge about his trade he is ready to become a contrac tor and let the other fellow do the drudgery. He is content in drawing plans and figuring how much labor he can get out of the other fellow. The man who plans and directs, the man who develops an idea, it matters not whether he is in college or in the shop, is pursuing a course of higher education. , The man who operates a Linotype machine is as much an exponent of the high school as the man who teach es geometry. It took more than mere manual training to fit him for this work. He had to Jo some thinking and quick thinking, at that. Any de partment of labor that is directed by a trained mind is in substance higher education. Let us come a little closer. Higher education lifts labor out of the drudgery and puts it on a plane, makes the strongest argument in favor of industrial education i.; usually the one who is trying hardest to keep out of the drudgery, if indeed he is noi al ready away from it. The fellow who is in the gutter is not at all particular about homesteading there. He has dreams that he, too, may be the con tractor some day. Lincoln did not split any more rails when he got io practicing law', although they say he was first-class in that line of industry. It lias been contended that only one tenth of the people will ever take ad vantage of higher education. But if there were no highly educated people to formulate plans for the masses, the masses would be groping in the dark. The industrial world is directed by the hands of the educated and thinking elements. Mr. Edison has doubtless formulated more electrical devices than any other man living or dead. But Mr. Edison spends nearly two thirds of his time in earnest applica tion and study. If this is not higher education we would like to be informed just how hard a fellow has to study to reach such a stage. Mathematics, music, grammar, his tory, mechanics, sculpture and various others are examples of higher educa tion when cultivated and developed. A person cannot he a finished car penter unless he has considerable knowledge of mathematics. Music may have a natural flow, but some one must put it in form and arrangement that it may be sung by others and so live from generation to generation. A study of grammar is necessary wheth er a fellow desires to be a farmer or a school teacher. In' the study of me chanics it is necessary to know some thing of geometry to measure up to the required standard. Industrial edu cation is the biggest humbug for the lazy fellow who wants to get out of studying a little that has ever been perpetrated upon the colored people of this country. Os courSe there are lots of white people who encourage it among Negroes, but they usually get all the higher education than can be afforded by the common schools. Higher education not only trains the mind but helps the appearance as well. It is time to stop such nonsen sical talk that the Negro does not need higher education. He needs just what any other race needs, and the sooner he gets it the better. If a man is going to dig ditches for a liv ing that is no reason why he should not cultivate his mind and fit himself for the highest state of society. As a parting word, we would say INSIDE INFORMATION ABOUT BLACK SOLDIERS NOWIN FRANCE (Associated Negro Press) St. Louis, Mo., April I.—Several let ters have been received in St. Louis, from the boys in France, telling of discriminations attributed to Ameri cans. One particularly unfortunate case is the attitude of the Y. M. C. A. Oversea Force. In a letter just re ceived from a member of the Medical Department, the writer says: "The Y. M. C. A. secretaries have segregated the Colored soldiers at the U. S. Army Camp in Morseille, France. It is only a part of the strife, hate, suspicion, envy and embarrassment some of our boys experienced over here. On my arrival last November, at this camp, the Y. M. C. A. canteen was opened in a small tent with a counter separating the Colored soldiers from the white. If any of the Colored boys tried to purchase any articles on the opopsite side, he would be requested to buy articles at the Colored counter next time. The majority of the pa trons were Colored, but their space was only one third. This caused a congestion. After a building was con structed they refused to sell to any Colored soldier. A “Colored Y. M. C. A” was then established. When I tried to purchase a block of chocolate candy at the “White Canteen” I was told ‘ you know we do not sell to you Colored boys at this canteen.” I was told it was the camp commander’s or ders, hut when I said I would inter view him, the secretary said “Well, I will serve you this time.” During the next fifteen days, a memorandum was sent to all organization commanders instructing them to encourage the Col ored, under their command, not to patronize the “White canteen.” Some of them were, wearing a serv ice and wound stripe,-who had given a good account of themselves in the thick of battle. They had fought in the muck and mire of the trenches and where shell fire was the fiercest. We shall expect, on our return to the States to note the growth of De mocracy, a Democracy that will he broad enough to overlap the bounds of color. A Young Boy’s Plea A pitiful plea comes from a young hoy belonging to the 809th Pioneer regiment still in France. The Pion eers are labor regiments to which most of the Colored drafted boys w r ere sent. The writer well remem bers the young man in question was so anxious to go to France that he appealed to Washington to hurry him along. He finally was drafted in the August Twenty-one-year old class. Now he writes the following to his mother: "Before the armistice was signed tho white people over here were real kind to the Colored beys, hut now they are as mean to us as possible. Some of the boys from my company were sent on a “detail” to a neighboring hospital to build some latrines. They were built by the boys, yet they w’ere not allowed to use them. One of the boys in the hospital now in a dying condition because he used one of the latrines. His skull' was fractured by one of the white soldiers. The next day one of the boys was shot at be cause he refused to “double time” (trot). The man who did the shoot ing was a major. The above is a mild sample of the treatment we are forced to put up with over here. Yet, we are still loyal to America, otherwise, still slaving for Uncle Sam. Please try to get me out of this prison country. I have heard that the white soldiers in a little German town turned a ma chine gun on some of the boys from my regiment while they were up there caring for some horses. These boys did not get the chance fp fight the Hun, but they are now fighting for existence. I can not get to town. I am issued that if the Negro is sitting on that industrial school, content with the merest smattering of learning, when the world is calling for the trained mind in order that the hand might be better- trained, his case is indeed a hopeless one. a four hour pass, it takes two hours Dm CURRENT IIU. S. GOVERNMENT IE HONOR ONE OF OUR BUCK HEROES FIGHT ON SEGREGA TION TO BE STARTED IN 66TH CONGRESS (Associated Negro Press) Washington, D. C. —A bill was of fered in the House of Representatives by the Hon. Martin B. Madden, en titled “A bill to regulate commerce, providing for etpial and identical rights, accoprthodations and privileges for all persons applying for interstate transportation, and prohibiting dis crim inniion on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, and for other purposes,” which is practi cally a movement to abolish the so called “jim-crow” car wherever this form of proscription is practiced. A strong committee is back of this bill, and it is the plan of the colored peo ple to make a national effort to have the, measure enacted into law by the Sixty-sixth Congress. Some of the prime movers in this work are Messrs. Henry Lassiter, W. J. Singleton, L. M. Hershaw, A. H. Grimke, and Judge Robert 11. Terrell. FEDERATION OF NEGRO CLUBS MET IN N. Y. \ (Associated Negro Press) Nev York.—Delegates from more than 150 Negro organizations in New York and New Jersey assembled in esnvention this morning in ttie first session of a two day conference at Zion church in West 136th street. The meeting will be political in na ture and will take up the problem of elections in the South, discussing measures for insuring the ballot to all Negroes entitled to vote. The forma tion or organizations through the North is looked upon as the first work in paving the way for effective action in the South. OHIO BLACKS MAKE WONDERFUL PROGRESS (Associated Negro Press) Cincinnati, Ohio. —The City Club, at, its weekly meeting at the Hotel Sinton, listened to an addiess by J. H. Rebinson, colored graduate of Yale and post-graduate of Columbia University, on conditions governing the Cincinnati Negro population. The speaker said two years ago he began to represent the Negro Civic Welfare Committee of the Council of Social ’ Agencies. “It has been diffi cult work,” he said. “Twenty thousand telephone calls were made during the survey, which had the co-operation of Dr. Condon, superintendent of the public schools; the Public Library oi (Continued on page 3) to walk to town and two to return to camp; the rest of the time I am al lowed down town. lam well but sick at heart.” Can’t Use Bath Tubs Another well educated young man, who has been attached to the 804th Pioneer Infantry, writes: “We are lo cated in a little town between Verdun and Metz, on the Orne River. The following order was issued on Febru ary 6: “Headquarters 3 Bn, 304 P. I. February 6, 1919. “Memo.—Men of the_, 3rd Battalion will use the showers only. Tub baths are reserved for the use of officers and white soldiers stationed here. All men will be notified of this arrange ment. “By order of Major Garrett.” The young man writes that, “al though there was a light snow on the ground I went to the river and took a bath.” 5 Cents a Copy; $2 a Year (Associated Negro Press) New York. —The United States gov ernment, through Secretary of tho Navy Daniels, will name one of tho big battleships now in construction after a colored hero, according to in formation recently received here. Tracona Williams, a prominent col ored citizen who has been in Wash ington, says that the colored people of the State will be greatly pleased. He adds that the government tv ill name a battleship only on consent of the colored people and when they pick a suitable name by vote. To this purpose Mr. Williams has called a mass meeting for Thursday to be held at Smith Hall, No. 321 S. State street at 8 P. M. Mayor Stone and Mr. Williams will address the meeting. Then voting will begin on a name for the man-of-war. This meet ing will be the start to a nation-wide campaign to get the opinion of the colored people on the project. Mr. Williams Das announced his in tion of touring New York State in support of the movement which was started here. BIG BASEBALL GAME SUNDAY AFTERNOON AT EASTLAKE PARK The Phoenix Base Ball Club, an aggregation of semi-professional play ers, will meet the soldier team from Fort Whipple Sunday afternoon at East Lake Park. The soldiers will ar rive on a special train Sunday morn ing at 10 o’clock and will be met with a big brass band. They will be taken to the Adams hotel for lunch and af terwards be given a ride through the principal streets of the city. The big game will be called prompt ly at 3 p. m., and U. S. Captain Van Horn, manager of the Fort Whipple team, says that his boys will be there with the "big stick.” Paul Steince is manager of the Phoenix team, Ros 3 Lyall, captain, and Mickey McQuire secretary. Steince says that his boys | are unbeatable and when the soldiers go ufi against Westfall’s famous cprves, they too, will say the Phoe nix boys are in a class by themselves. Admission fee is 50 cents, but a season ticket may be purchased for sl. The Phoenix Base Ball Club in tends to give this city a full season of first class base ball and will use East Lake Park for this sport. Every Sunday afternoon there will be an interestig game of baseball at this park between the Phoenix boys and some team from another section of the state, "fhey intend to bring k team from Globe, one from Hayden, another from Ray, and so on until every town in the state will have had an opportunity to go down in defeat before this wonderful aggregation cf Phoenix players. No fence has been placed around the park as yet, but city manager Thomas has promised to furnish the material for one and Paul Steince of the Phoenix team has agreed to fur nish the labor for the erection of said fence. This Sunday, April 6, the pub lic is asked to bear with the boys and by the next Sunday there will be a high-board fence around the base ball park. Everybody is invited to East Lake Park Sunday afternoon. The only re quirement is that you have the price and that you “root” for your home team. o New Orleans, La.—Miss Flavia Col lins, 16, was angry at her stepfather because of his treatment of her moth er. So she set fire to his theater, she confessed, endangering hundreds. Paris, 111. —A young woman’s three cent check paid the smallest income tax recorded, in Illinois.