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PHOENIX A TRIbuNE
VOLUME XI. NO. 17 Baptist Minister Leads Georgia Mob In Recent Outrage (By Associated Negro Press) NEW YORK, N. Y., Aug. I—A stnjj of almost unbelievable brutality and injustice has come to light from Geor - gia In the form of a sworn statement by a Colored clergyman. It tells of the lynching by a Georgia mob of a Colored man 72 years old, his offense being that he defended two Colored girls from attack. The affidavit fol lows: “I wish to inform you of an out rageous lynching which occurred at Milan, Ga., May 14, 1919, Telfair coun ty, Mr. John Williams, sheriff. On May 24, at 1 o’clock at night, John Dandy and Evans, white, went down into the Colored people’s 1 section of the town and wen), to lh° j home of a widow, by tlie name of Em ma McCollers, who had two dattgli -j ters. They knocked, but the occu pants refused to open the door, and j Dandy shot through the organ and thej machine. That frightened the girls! and they ran out to another old lady’s home. “Her name was Emma Tisber; she is a widow with two little children The white men went after these col- j cred girls; the girls ran under the i porch and hid. These white men broke down the door and tore up the floor. The old widow lady got fright ened and ran and jumped in the well, and the children screamed for help. Brother Berry Washington, 72 years old, ran out with his shot gun in his 1 hand. When he got near the hall he met both of the white men. ‘John Dandy, 20 years old, with a 1 wife and two children, asked the old man what he came out for. lie said 'To see what was the matter with the women and children.’ Then John Dan dy fired at him and said: “I will kill you, old man.’ "The old man fired and killed him (John Dandy) first. He fell with his pistol in his right hand and a cigar ette in the other, and a flask of liquor fell out of his pocket. The other white fellow (Lewis Evans) ran. A. Strick lin heard it. "Another Colored man came out and advised Washington to go uptown and wake the chief of police and give him self up. The policeman’s name is Mr. Stuckey. He sent Washington to Mc- Crae jail at 2 o’clock on the night of! the 24th. He stayed in jail until Sat-} urday night, the 25th, at 12 o’clock. “A mob of 75 or 100 took Washington out of jail and brought him back to Milan. They carried him to the same spot where he shot Dandy and lynched him. He was hanged to a post, his body shot into pieces and left hanging there until 2 o’clock Sunday morning, May 26th. lie’ was lynched because he protected his own women in his part of town. White boys came down there late hours of the night and dis turbed the peace and happiness of the colored and white people. “They ordered every colored person to leave town Saturday night. Poor old men, women and children left their homes before dark. Not a colored person spent the night in their homes Saturday night nor Sunday night. Up to May 27th this had not been pub lished in any of the Georgia papers. It was so disgraceful. Please publish that a white Baptist minister directed the mob.” I RAY By Archie Lewis Mrs. Forest Burney of Phoenix ar rived in camp last Sunday and has joined her husband. She is favor ably impressed with Sunny Side. The Burneys will occupy one of Mose Davis’ houses. Mr. Walter McKelvey returned last week from California, where he spent several weeks resting and sightsee ing. Mrs. Reuben Reed, who lias been quite ill is much improved, and hopes to be lierself again in a few days. She is up and about, although she is still very weak. Mrs. E. A. Henderson returned last week from Superior, where she has been the past few days on business. “Yours Truly” received a letter from John Burton, who left here about a year ago for France. John is sta tioned at Brest, France, and Is wait ing for the time to come when he will Bet sail for the dear old U. S. A. John says that France Is alright, but, oh you, Arizona! His last words are; "II be home too sweet; the tooter the sweeter.” An Eye For An Eye Is Doctrine Taught By Radical Leader (By Associated Negro Press) BOSTON, Mass., July 28.—The Rev. j Dr. M. A. N. Shaw of the 12th Baptist ■! church, Shawmut avenue and Madison i street., delivered a fiery address yes terday afternoon from his pulpit on th“ present and future status of his ; Race in America. The gathering was called as an “all fraternal” meeting, delegations from Colored Masons. Odd , Fellows, E ks, Knights of Pythias and ! the Love and Charity lodges being in j vited to attend. The recent lynching at Laurel, Miss., ! gave point to the pastor's discourse, land he described the hanging, burning land disemboweling of Mary Turner, 'because lie said, she had said that if j she knew the names of the lynchers of her husband, she would turn them over to the police. “We have got, as a people,” he said, “to insist that we be lynched no more, that acts attended with savagery that I would put to shame the most atrocious j acts by the Germans in time of war, and practices hv southern aristocrats in time ol' peace, shall cease. The '• Negro who hesitates to stop the whole sale butchery of his race should him self be lynched.’’ The time had come, he declared, to make this understood in the State House on Beacon Hill as well as in laurel, Miss., and asserted that no Negro was safe anywhere in America so long as mob law obtained and that it existed on Boston Common no less than in the Mississippi town. The black men in America, he con tinued, like the serfs of Russia and the oppressed of the Balkans and of Bel gium, must stand up and die, if need be, for their rights. He commented on the statement of the Governor of Mis sissippi that he was powerless in the case of that lynching—that any at tempt on his part to stop it would have occasioned more lynching. This, Ihe preacher said, was true; that thej way to stop lynching was for 10,000 Negroes to die at once, instead of one at a time and to see to it that 10,000 white men died too. That, he de clared, would end lynching once and for all time. “You die one by one on the limbs of the pines of Mississippi, j in the sight of American aristocrats, j who come to witness the ifroceedings | and you die for fun; but let 10,000 i black Trojans die one death and their children will be free forever.” The white people of the South, he thought, must thank their stars that the American Negro is as religious as he is, and spends much of his time on his knees in prayer instead of mak ing bombs. He predicted, however, that the men of his Race would not always be dead to the doctrines that the foreigners are teaching in this country. The slur on his Race that “God had put a curse upon it,” he answered by the declaration that the Almighty had blessed (he African Race above all races on earth. Japan, on its barren reef, had been left alone to fight out its own destinies, until it had devel oped itato a power with which all the nations of the world reckon. Had the ! Negroes been left alone in the won- I derful land that was the spot of their nativity—which he declared was far . richer than the United States — they j would today be the greatest power on earth. The greatest calamity that ever ov j ertook the Race was when it made the ! acquaintance of the white race. He cautioned his hearers against self-de preciation and wanted them to beware of believing that a man had to be a white man in order to »ea great man. The British empire he characterized as “the finest hypocrite in the world,” j which had “pulled the wool over the eyes of every nation on earth”, add ing: “She is going to get hers if God stays on His throne.” Lloyd George, in the peace confer ence, he said, in constructing the League of Nations, took six votes for ! Great Britain and gave the Republic of Hayti and the United States one each, I telling America it was an honor for j her to be on a level with Hayti. “I am a Negro from the heart,” as serted the preacher, “but I want to see justice done to America, whose citi zens burn my people. I only wish to God that America had somebody there to protect its rights. If Mr. Wilson didn’t object to my going at the time I could have done more for America.” ”0, the war is only jU3t beginning,” he continued. "This is ouly an armis tice. There is going to be a tremen dous war when it gets on its way.” He challenged any one to search the court records of the British colonial world for evidence that crimes against Rev. Sir W. J. J. Byers Again Heads Knights and Daughters of Tabor for California^Arizona Jurisdiction The Grand Session of the Sir j Knights and Daughters of Tabor just j closed in this city last Friday, will go I down in history as one of the best j ever held. Elaborate preparations had | been made to entertain the delegates [and everything was carried out with j clock-like precision. Rev. Sir W. J. J. Byers, chief grand mentor, called the session to order Wednesday morning at 9 o’clock. All grand officers answered the roll call. The various committees were appoint ed, Who at once went to work. The annual mesAage of the Chief Grand Mentor showed he had given much time and thought in Ihe past year’s work. His recommendations were all accepted and adopted. The report of the Chief Grand Preceptress was full of information and was adopted. Representatives of the order were present from all over the southwest and coast points. A public reception was held Wed nesday at the church on behalf of the Tabernacle, Temple and citizens of Phoenix, ’at which time the following program was rendered: BAT NELSON SAYS JOE CANS WAS IHE GREATEST EIGHTER (Special to The Tribune) NEW YORK, July 30.—Battling Nel son, former lightweight champion of the world, was asked the other day: “Who was the greatest lightweight?” The tpan who asked the question ex pected Nelson to admit with becoming modesty that lie himself was the great est of them all. But Nelson answered quickly; "Joe Gans was the greatest light weight of them all, and he nearly got jn le in the last fight. Only the bell saved me. He was cleverer than them all and he could hit. Oh, boy, how he could hit!” "Wasn't McFarland cleverer?” was asked. “Listen,” said Nelson, emphatically, “Don’t insult the memory of that poor dead Alored man by comparing Mc- Farland to him. I tell you that Cans was the best and cleverest of them all.” Which goes to show that ring ani mosities do not last. Gans probably punished Nelson more than any man he had ever met, but the old battler liked and admired him more than all the rest'. women are characteristic of the black Race and said that they would search in vain. "The white people of the South must stop lynching Negroes,” he declared. “The white men of the country have the power to tell the white men of the South, ‘You are ruining us’.” He demanded laws that would make it possible for a governor, sheriff or other public official who surrendered a prisoner to a southern mob, to be deposed. If such a law could not be passed, then the whole country sym pathizes with the South, he said, and Massachusetts is just as guilty as Texas. He likened the Negro Race cause with that of Irish Independence, say ing: “We believe in Irish Freedom — in Freedom of every people. We as Negroes will do everything to help the liberation of Ireland.” Urging them to drop their petty jealousies, he told his hearers that they would have to unite their socie ties and clubs to work for the com mon end. This did not mean, he ex plained, submerging the identity of these orders, but uniting their efforts in defense of their rights and liberties. Agitation was all very well, but unless climaxed with a terrible blow it was useless. “Bolshevism is coming to sweep Am erica,” he declared emphatically. "It is as easy to stop the water going over Niagara as to stop Bolshevism sweeping the world. "There is no democracy in America,” shouted the preacher. “This is the most vicious and abominable plutoc racy that encumbers the face of the earth today.” ARIZONA’S GREATEST WEEKLY Song, “America” Audience Invocation Welcome Address Piano solo iMrs, L. A. Walker Welcome on Behalf of Colored Citi zens of Phoenix..Mra. A. C. Caldwell Vocal solo Mrs. E. L. Flewellen Response oil Behalf of the Grand Session I Sir W. J. J. Byers Song, “Battle Hymn of the Repub lic” Audience Benediction. Thursday evening Rev. W. J. J. Byers preached an inspiring sermon at the church after which an offering was collected of $27.10. A portion of this sum was turned over to the church as a testimonial for the work of the congregation in entertaining the delegates. The officers of the Grand lodge elec ted for the ensuing year were: Rev. W. J. J. Byers, San Jose, C. G. M.; Amanda Brown, Los Angeles, G. H. P.; Mabel Gray, Los Angeles, V. G. P.; E. L. Flewellen, Phoenix, V. G. M.; WHITE WOMAN SCORES HER RACE FOR ITS PREJUDICE (By Associated Negro Press) CHICAGO. 111., July 28.—Mrs. Blan denia Albright, a highly respected white lady of this community has is sued a statement in which she des cribes not only the ignorance of white people concerning 'the ideals of Col ored people, but also the folly of color prejudice. For, says Mrs. Al bright: “In reply to your editorial of June 30, ‘Candor Between Races,’ I agree with you that the Colored boys were very anxious to fight for the United States. This was the proper way for them to feel about it, as every citizen should feel that it is his duty to defend and uphold the integrity of his country. They are not asking for any special credit for this demonstration of love for their country. They fought alongside of their white brothers not only for their country, but for principle, de mocracy in its broadest sense, which knows no color or race and gives op portunity and freedom to all alike; it does not discriminate or segregate. "If the United States had curbed democracy and contented herself by allowing her ships to navigate cer tain' waters, thus obeying the wishes of Germany, perhaps, we would not have had war with Germany. But, the United States preferred war to the surrendering of democracy. Let us not make democracy a farce, but a reality. “The white people' as a whole are ignorant of tv>e ideals of Colored people, because they do not meet the thinking class. They usually meet their cook or janitor. The greatest trouble comes from ignor ance on the part of the white people in prejudging their Colored fellow men. If the white people will edu cate themselves to know that the only reality is spirit and matter counts for naught, they will have no trouble in living harmoniously with their Col ored brothers. They will know that race worship is idolatry and will cease being a nation of race worship pers, and will recognize principle as the only reality. If this terrible war has not taught us this lesson, all the lives which have been sacrificed for democracy are in vain and we do not appreciate their supreme sacrifice.” JACK JOHNSOIHS TRAINING GENERALS BOWLIN MEXICO (Special to The Tribune) LOS ANGELES, Calif.,.July 28. Jack Johnson, former heavyweight champion of the world, is in Mexico City acting as athletic trainer for a party of Mexican generals, according to P. N. Snyder, Los Angeles contrac tor, who has just returned from a six months’ tour of Mexico. PHOENIX, ARIZONA, AUGUST 2, 1919 J. E. Walton, Los Angeles, C. G. S.; A. E. Bomar, San Diego, V. C. G. R.; Warren Woods, Los Angeles, C G. T.; Allen Smith, Phoenix, G. P. P.; Mattie Trice, Phoenix, G. Q. M.; E. R. Swain, Los Angeles, C. O ; Emma Cunningham, Los Angeles, C. G. P.; Lottie Prescott, Los Angeles, G. I. S. Following the election a public in stallation was held and- a swell ban quet was served. Chief Grand Mentor, Rev. W. J. J. Byers, left Saturday for Prescott, Ari zona, where he will visit the Chapter before returning to California. The other delegates and visitors also left Saturday evening over the Southern Pacific for their homes in California. The Grand Session was held at the Second Baptist church and all dele gates and visitors expressed them selves as well pleased with the man ner in which Phoenix entertained them. DEMPSEY IS AFRAID CANNOT HOLD TITLE DRAWS COLOR LINE Refuses to Risk His Title to the World Championship by Match With Wills—Safety First—His Sparring Partners Before Willard Fiasco Were Colored Boxers and Jack Knows How Hard They Punched Toledo, 0., July 28. —Jack Dempsey, new heavyweight champion of the world, has announced that he will not make a match with a Negro. He, therefore, has barred Harry Wills from a fight for the big title. Demp sey's sparling partners at Toledo were Bill Tate and Jamaica Kid, both Ne goes, hut Jack hadn’t defeated Willard at that time. Willard drew the color line as soon as the title was handed to him by Jack Johnson in Havana, Cuba, so that he established a prece dent for Dempsey. Corbett, before he conquered John L. Sullivan, boxed sixty-one rounds to a draw with Peter Jackson, the greatest Negro heavy weight that ever came here from a foreign shore. Corbett, Fitzsimmons and Jeffries, as champions, refused to risk the title in bouts with Colored men, but Jeffries finally was forced to come out of retirement in a futile ef fort to regain Ihe championship from Johnson at Rene, the latter having won it- from Tommy Burns in Aus tralia. LEIVES $26,000 111 HOUEIiEPEI USD GAOAfIE SJIOTO NEW YORK, July 28.—A colored housekeeper, for thirty-five years in the service of Oliver B. Wood, a Cam den business man, benefits by his will to the extent of $20,000, his residence, motor car, garage and contents of the home. To the Cooper Hospital, Camden, is left $30,000, while the v<?sidue of an estate valued at more than $150,000 goes to friends and neighbors. The housekeeper, Annie Blackstone, is the chief beneficiary of the will, which was probated today. Wood lived for many years at 312 N. 3rd street, Camden, and held much of the stock of the Hardwick & Magee Carpet Company. He had been re tired for many years. HEAR THIS, O SOUTH! (Charlotte, N. C., News) “The South must conceive of the Colored man as a part of the South calling for its social and racial and religious help and worthy of all it call do to make him a better citizen in every department of his being.” Race Trouble At Washington Started By Service Men (Special to the Tribune) WASHINGTON, D. C„ July 28. A scoi% or more men dead or dying; hundreds injured, many seriously, and the police stations filled with prison ers, is th(* result of four' days and nights of race rioting here. The exact' number casualties is not and prob ably never will b" known. The reign of terror has been principally spread out. in small mobs, throughout tlie entire city and there has been fighting even in front of the White House. The trouble began Saturday night when a crowd of soldiers, sailors and marines started out to find a Negro whom they claim had assaulted the wife of one of their number. Not locat ing their fnan, they proceeded to take revenge upon innocent Colored per sons. This was resented by the resi dents of tlie district and resulted in the raiding party being badly beaten. On Sunday night the service men broke out again. Negroes were dragged from street cars and other vehicles between the Capitol and the Treasury building. One group chased a Negro near the White House. At mithiight a soldier routed a group of three Colored men in front of the Treasury building. One of them was felled by a blow from a rock held in a handkerchief by the soldier. He was taken to the hospital. The others escaped. The rioters operated in the heart of the business district and ran down every Negro they could find. Five men had been attacked and beaten by marines and soldiers by 12:20 o’clock. One was in front of the Raleigh hotel. An ambulance was close by and rushed him to the hospital. A few moments later another was found in front of the Washington “Post” building ana knocked down. He, too, was taken to the hospital. At the same time two marines leaped on a street car ami began heat ing the one Negro they found. Another group of soldiers ran a man down near the Hotel Washington and felled him with a blow. A policeman is said to have seen the action without attempt ing to make an arrest. A Negro was forced to get off a street car in front of the White House soon afterward. Negroes Arm Themselves The rioting continued on Monday and Tuesday, but the Negroes had armed themselves and were getting the best of the clashes, except where the police came on tlj scene, and, as a general rule, accepted the theory that they were the aggressors and sided with the whites. Many Negroes have been severely injured and two are known to have been killed while defending themselves. None have been free from assaults. Employes in gov ernment buildings and chauffeurs for senators, representatives and other high government officials have hefn victims of the mob. Two members of the Home Guard were killed Tuesday night and a dozen or more pther white men were taken to hospitals. There have been more than 200 arrests, mostly Negroes, who are being heavily fined and given long jail sen tences for carrying weapons. The city is now under military con trol. Two thousand soldiers, marines and sailors are on duty with the 700 police and a large force of Home De fense Guards. It is not believed there will be an» further trouble. Looks Like Propaganda It is not only believed by the Col ored people, but is freely expressed by many prominent whites that the rioting is a result of propaganda to discredit the Negro and keep Congress from enacting anti-lynching laws and enforcing the Fourteenth Amendment upon the South. This seems plausible when it is seen that every crime of any sort, thqt has been committed here during the past month is charged up to Negroes, and every time there seems to be a lull in the onslaughts now going on a new cry arises that another Negro has assaulted a white woman. This keeps the desperados inflamed and they attack every Negro found on the street, street cars and in automobiles. Os course, the victims are innocent of doing any wrong, but this matters not with the rioters. In the thickly populated Negro dis tricts the residents seem to he well able to take qa.re of themselves and a great many who must go back and forth to their employment are carry ing weapons for their protection. Wlhenthey are attacked, which is usually by a gang, they attempt to de fend themselves. In nearly every in stance they are blamed for the clash Cents a Copy; $2 a Year N. A. A. C.P. Calls Wilson’s Attention To Recent Outbreaks / (Special to the Tribune) NEW YORK, July 21. —In connec i tion with the race vlots in Washing- ' j ton, D. 0., the National Association for ! the Advancement of Colored People Ljl-oday telegraphed President Wilson | warning of the danger of such out ! breaks elsewhere. The telegram cail ! ed upon him as president to condemn mob violence in the national capital and as commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the nation to enforce military law. The telegram is as fol lows: “July 21, 1919. Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States, i White House, Washington, D. C. In the name of twelve million Ne groes of the United States, the Nation al Association for the Advancement of j Colored People respectfully calls your attention to the shame put upon the I country by the mobs, including Unit jed States soldiers, sailors and mar- I rines, which have assaulted innocent ! and unoffending Negroes in the nation ial capital. Men in uniform have at ! tacked Negroes on the streets and pulled from streets cars to beat them. Crowds are reported by New York Times to have directed attacks against any passing Negro by cries of “there he goes.” The effect of such riots in national capital upon race antagonism will be to increase bitterness and dan ger of outbreaks elsewhere. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People calls upon you as pres ident and commander-in-chief of the armed forces of the nation to make statement condemning mob violence and to enforce such military law as situation demands. JOHN R. SIIILLADY, Sec’y. National Association for the Advance ment of Colored People. and are accused of being the aggress ors. Detectives Taken for Rioters A number of police officers have been injured,' and in two cases report ed killed. This is due to the fact that life officers were in plain clothes ami in rushing upon the Negroes or into their homes were laken by them to lie rioters. 'Wiere has been consider able shooting from automobiles, hut in the darkened streets it is hard to tell whether the occupants are white or Colored. Attack Howard Theatre Patrons A crowd of whites began a new of fensive Monday night against the Col ored people leaving the Howard The atre and (lie result was that a dozen white men were badly beaten up in the melee, and a policeman said to he the crack pistol shot of the metropoli tan force, was severely wounded. “Teach Negroes a Lesson” The opinion was abroad Monday I that tlie police were unable to cope with the condition and it was for this reason lhat scores of young men, j chiefly in the uniform of soldiers, I sailors and marines, took it into their hands to, as they said, “teach a les son” to the Negroes. The center of the conspiracy was at two huts, main tained at the Y. M. C. A. and the Knights of Columbus on Pensylvania avenue. It has been from these huts that groups of white men have sailed forth in search of Negroes. Secret Society Claim So desperate has been the retalia tion of the Negroes who have been attacked that the whites are claiming that the Colored men have a secret society known as the “Boule,” the members of which have agreed to stand out against the white popula tion if occasion arises. Appeal to the Commission In an appeal issued by District Com missioner Brownlow Monday night, he clearly indicates who he considers the aggressors in the trouble. The appeal read as follows: “In common with every good citizen, I am determined to do everything hu manly possible to prevent a recur rence. “I call upon every citizen to exer cise his full influence to this end. “The action of the men who attack ed innocent Negroes cannot he too strongly condemned, and it is the duty of every citizen to express his sup port of law and order by refraining from any inciting conversation or the repetition of inciting rumors and tales.” The balance of the appeal is taken up with notification of the police and military detail and a request that peo ple stay off the streets. .