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VOL I’M Kill. No. 45, DEBATE HELD AT C. M. E. CHURCH WAS INTERESTING “It was a shame to take the money,” said Major Jones and Clarence Lind sey, when on last Friday evening the judges rendered their decision in favor of the negative. It came about iiethe following manner: W. J, Jones, manager of the Palace Tailoring Co , and A. R. Smith, managing editor of the Phoenix Tribune, were arrayed against Clarence Lindsey and Major Jones in a debate. Smith and Jones presenting the affirmative, and Lind sey and Major Jones upholding the negative. The subject for debate was: "Resolved. That Opportunities for the Colored People in Arizona are Better Than in Any Other State in the Union.” Major Jones and Clarence Lindsey selected the state of Mississippi and proved to the satisfaction .of the judges. Prof. P. Landry, Attorney William'E. Watkins and Richard D. Simpson, that Mississippi offered bet ter opportunities to the colored j people than Arizona. W. J. Jones and A. R. Smith tried their best to show that the opportunities for the colored people in Arizona are far superior to j those offered by Mississippi or any other state, but to no avail. In rendering their decision, the judges claimed that not a single point was made by the affirmative, Smith and Jones, to support their contention that .the opportunities for the colored I people in Arizona were better than in any other state in the Union. While presenting the negative side of the debate, Lindsey and Jones were roundly applauded and won the de cison of the audience as well as that of the judges. The debate was held at the C. M. E. j church, Seventh street and Jefferson, j and the edifice was filled to overflow- 1 ing with people who came to hear the j arguments. Preceding the main event, a short program was rendered, i to the delight of all. Mrs. J. F. Hudspeth gave a humorous recital, telling of the qualities of the de- j haters, and she received loud ap-, plause. Mr. J. D. Carter brought down the house with one of his I famous orations. Mr. Chas. Fish, j Mrs. Clarence Hamilton and others rendered seelctions that were highly entertaining and all received much ap plause. For the benefit of those who failed to attend, and to let them know what they missed, we publish herewith the losing argument presented by A. R. Smith of the affirmative, and which the judges. Attorney William E. Wat kins, Prof. P. Landry and Richard D. Simpson decided was of no import ance whatever in supporting the claim that opportunities for the colored people in Arizona are better than in any other state in the Union. The article follows: “Honorable Judges, Ladies and Gen tlemen: Before I begin my argument in support of the affirmative side of this debate, permit me to relate a little story which will show you, as nothing else can, the insecure founda tion upon which our opponents are at tempting to build their structure. “The story is told of an old lawyer whose son was about to enter upon the practice of law and so came to his father for advice. The old man counseled his son thus: “My son, when the law is against you, impress upon the jury the importance of doing justice without regard to law. When justice is against you, sound it into the ears of the jury that the law must be obeyed without regard to justice.’ “ ‘But father,’ broke in the boy, ‘what shall 1 do when both law and justice are against me?’ “ ‘Oh, my son,’ was the reply, ‘in that case, just talk around it!’ “So. honorable judges, in this case, both law and justice are against our opponents and they are trying to talk around the subject. • “We, the affirmative, claim that op portunities for the colored people in Arizona are better than in any other state in the Union. “First: Because of Arizona’s won derful climate. Arizona's climate, aside from being an aid to people who are afflicted with tuberculosis and other diseases, gives those in good health an opportunity to work 313 days in the year and secure top wagts APPEAL TO PASSION ! WAS DETRIMENTAL! TO POLITICIAN (Special to The Tribune) Chicago, 111., Feb. 3. —Thd Farmer- Labor party, a new party, has three members in the legislature of the state of Washington. One of these is J. H. Ryan, a colored man who was elected from the 38th district: Ryan’s opponent was a white woman, who waged a bitter campaign against him because of color. She went up anrl down the district telling the voters that no self-respecting white person would vote for a Negro in preference to a white woman. This evidently proved distasteful to' the voters for Ryan won by a large majority. The returns, as taken from the of ficial records show that the colored people did not elect Ryan as there were only about 100 in his district, and most of them voted for the re publican party. Ryan is a newspaper man, who has taken a k°en interest in the legisla-: tive affairs of the state, having at-i tended every session of the legislature j for several years. One of the ‘leading agencies in the election of Ryan was The New Ma jority, the most influential and widely' circulated Labor paper in America. for their labor. Every day the sun shines in Arizona. We have only two seasons, spring and summer, and sel dom if ever is one forced to remain indoor\ on account of inclement weather. Not another state in the Union can successfully lay claim to similar climatic conditions. “Second: Because it's a privielge to live in Arizona, and that privilege carries with it an opportunity to be j religious in the truest sense of the i word. The Apostle James says: ‘True religion jnd undefiled before God is this, to visit the fatherless and widows sci their affliction and to keep him self unspotted from the world.’ The sick and afflicited come here in large numbers, greater by far than in any' other state in the Union, and we have an excellent opportunity to show our Christianity by administering to them. “Third: Because Arizona,*(he Baby State, last to be admitted to state hood, is an entirely new field, pre senting unlimited opportunities that need only to be developed. Here, we have an opportunity' to initiate things and show originality, prove our worth as 1t were. ' “William Shakespeare defined op portunity when he penned these im mortal lines: ‘There is a tide in the affairs of men, which taken at the flood, leads on to fortune.’ The op portunity is in the man. and unless 'he be prepared to take the tide when iit reaches she flood, his chances for success are nil. “The great trouble most people is, they never go on a voyage of dis covery in their own natures. They are constantly looking for outside help, i outside power, when, as a matter of fact, the only motor power they can ever get hold of is right inside of them. “Arizona is the state that will bring out the best there is in you. True, we may encounter difficulties, but it is the difficult things in life that develop our mental and moral muscle, that build courage and stamina. “Again I say, the secret of your future is all inside of you. Os course,; you cannot uncoil in your nature what was not coiled up there, cannot evolve that which was not first in volved, but much depends on the kind of effort you put in the evolving process. Right here. I want to say with all the*force I can command, that preparedness is the essential thing for success in any line and in any place. If unprepared, you cannot grasp opportunity when it conies. To every man, each opportunity is worth exactly what he is prepared to make of it. “It does not matter what you in tend to do in life, whether you are to be a shoemaker, legislator, teacher, a business man or a farmer, the man that God folded up in you should he unfolded. Education is one of the secret keys that unlocks the door .to opportunity. Its a process of unfold ing. Having decided what you desire to be in life and after backing up that desire with a thorough knowledge of PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1921 MISSOURI ROBBERS j PAINT FACES BROWN AND STAGE HOLD-UP (Special to The Tribune) St. Louis, Mo., Feb. 3. —A new wrinkle in criminology was uncovered Saturday night, January 8, when two supposed "Brown Skip” Negroes held up the Almack dance hall at Pine and ■ Jefferson avenue. According to the j police report the men went to the hall, which is cn the second floor, and J ordered everyone to hold up their: hands. One man gathered about s4'> j while the other held the gun. Joe Davis, the proprietor, states ■ that the men came up the diairs like ' any other Negroes who were going to j the hall, that the first one drew a ! gun .and told him to hold up his hands. : while the other grabbed about $66. the ] night’s receipts, and escaped. When ; the man with the gun started down I the stairs, Davis says he reached for j his gun and began shooting. The first shot hit the robber in the shoulder. J who yelled, “O, Lord! Don't kill me.” Davis says he kept on shooting and ! out of five shots he hit the man three j times. The police report mentions! i only two. the other being a wound on j the right ear and the side of the head. I The wounded robber ran on Jefferson and west on Lawton, pursued by j Davis and Policemen Bauer and Dun don, to Beaumont, where he was cap tured. So deceptive was his makeup that the policemen sent him to Hospital No. '2, for colored, where Dr. Winson, on examination, found that the rob ber’s “brown skin” was only a greased paint of the kind used by theatrical performers and its wearer was a white man. He gave his name as Frank Weber of 1702 Stoddard street. o While we have not had much rea son to love Mr. Wilson aside from our duty to love all men regardless of who or what they may be, let us all tender him our best wishes for a long life, much love and abounding prosperity upon the land which his Lord hath given unto him. the thing you wish to master, Arizona presents the best opportunity for you i to your goal. “Honorable judges, we ask that you also consider the fact that there in Arizona, you are not only permitted to breathe pure air that is healthful and invigorating, hut you may take a deep breath of free air. Freedom, ah, the magical power of the word. In this state,’ freedom has a real mean ing. Aside from being free to go and come as all other citizens, you have an opportunity to fill any position for which you are fitted by training, ex perience and character. “No man who is a citizen is denied the right 'to full enjoyment of the privileges of citizenship in Arizon-a. I challenge my opponents to deny this fact. I defy them to state a single instance where a colored man in Ari zona has. been held back, simply on account of his race or color. State an instance if they dare, and I’ll prove by a statement of facts that it was the man’s lack of intellectual or moral fit ness that held him back and not his color. “Time will not permit me to tell cf the wonderful opportunities that lie in the thousands of acres of fertile farm lands under irrigation from the : great Roosevelt dam, that are beckon | ing to the skilled farmers of our race. The mighty San Carlos project, which jby the election of a republican sena j tor in the person of the Honorable Ralph Cameron is now assured, will mean an even greater, more fertile area of farming lands than we now have. Then picture, if you will; the | large herds of fine.dairy cattle, hogs, I poultry, great fields of alfalfa, won |derful truck gardens that produce (vegetables the year round; numerous ; orange groves, citrus fruits, the rich ! beds of copper, silver and gold for which Arizona is noted. We do not have to go outside of this state for , anything. We need only to let down lour buckets where we are.” The above argument was presented by the losing side, and you may i imagine what the winners presented. The next debate will be held on ‘ February 11th at the A. M. E. church. Don’t fail to come. You will miss it If you miss Jt. WEST‘AFRICA NOW SEEKS HOME RULE SAY LATE REPORTS (By The Associated Negro Press.) London, England, Feb. 3. —British ; West Africa is the latest country to 1 seek home rule. A mission has ar rived to urge a number of reforms in the administration of the four West | African colonies a;id prolectorates, i Sierra Leone, the Gold Coast, Nigeria and the Gambia, says the London Times. The mission seeks the creation of a j legislative council which will be com- j posed of members chosen half by the ; crown ami half elected by the people | and for a house of assembly which; would have complete control of the j revenue and expenditure. The judicial system, in paHicular of Nigeria, is criticized by the mission, which states that “it is the practice to appoint Europeans who have not received any legal training and who are not com petent to exercise judicial functions ” Among other suggested reforms they seek the establishment of a West African university; the removal of tj)e color bar in the medical service and the introduction of immigration laws to prevent the influx of undesir able aliens. o SOME DEBATE Following is a poem composed by Mrs. J. F. Hudspeth. 1342 East Jeffer son street, and which she recited at the C. M. E. church on the evening! of the great debate. The poem fol lows : Well, dey say There’s going to be a debate. And I sho had to hurry To keep from being late. Well, I’m here And so is you. So we all can see What dese speakers going to do. And I wuz a hurrin’ And er cornin' along Jest er talking to myself And er singin' a little song; And I never thought a thing Till I got to the door. Right dar—l had to pay Fer to see dis show. Who ever heard Os such a thing before, Folks just er paying. Fer to get in the door; And everybody’s here And dal you’ll see, But chile—l sho thought . Dis thing was free. All dis talk About de Arizona state Has stirred up a fuss, And caused this debate; Mississippi, Texas, West Virginia—and Arkansas, too. And dese hot deserts Fer to season the stew\ I sho aint in favor Os dis desert land, I sides wid de negative, Dere’s where I stand; If I wuz a judge, De negative would win, Caze livin’ in Arizona Has caused me to sin. But Lindsey and Jones And Smith and Jones, When it comes to speakin, Dey is some High Tones; Dis state may ba great,’ But it sho is late; So argue it out, boys, Dis slio is some debate. DRASTIC RULING BY FLORIDA COURT (Special to The Tribune) Miami, Fla., Feb, 3. —Neither of two I rival Negro Masonic lodges of Florida . is entitled to use the Masonic square 'or compass as emblems, Justice George M. Okell ruled here today, de ciding a suit brought by one of the lodges to prevent the other from using the emblems. RACE PREJUDICE VERY PRONOUNCED IN_CALIFORNIA I (By The Associated Negro Press.) Palo Alto, Calif., Feb. 3. —Southern- | ers who have migrated to California j have brought their racial prejudices (with them, and the effect is being : felt strongly here. Colored citizens !of this city are much concerned be ! cause the Palo Alto chamber of com j inerce directors recently # advocated a j segregated district for tht» Oriental i and Colored people of the city. The colored people have drawn up -a set of resolutions which have j presented to the chamber of com merce and which say among other [things: “Agitation for such an or i dinance will create race prejudice j and cause race friction, and engender strife and discord where* before was peace and harmony. We are amazed that any intelligent citizen would lend himself or herself to the advo cacy of such an ordinance in the face of the decision of the supreme court of the United States in the case of Buchanan vs. Warley.” In discussing the situation, Henry Dodson, president of the Colored Citi i zens’ club, stated that out of. 80 or more colored people in this city, not one of them has been idle; in fact every man and woman of them is a worker. He further announces that 10 of their number possess property here aggregating SIOO,OOO in value, and he points to the fact that none of this property is mortgaged. He said that one of thetr number is a i local bank director. Dodson thinks that the Colored peo ple here have been farsighted in their dealings with the white people in avoiding race animosity. He cites an instance where the Colored people had a chance to buy a religious meet ing house which was valued at S7OOO but could be bought for the sum of S3OOO. Dodson states that because the church building was in a white ; neighborhood, their society would not j consider buying the place even at the reduced figure. Dodson believes that i his people are willing at all times to avoid any race friction, but insists ! that by creating a segregation district for the colored residents, bad feeling is bound to exist between the blacks and whites. o CHARGE OF PEONAGE PLACED AGAINST GEORGIA FARMER (By The Associated Negro Press.) McDonough, Ga., Feb. 3. —Two white farmers and a Negro employee have been held to the federal grand l jury on a charge of peonage here in connection with the beating of a Col ored man and the death of his wife. It is charged that the defendants, together with three other men, ad j ministered a whipping to Jerry Navin, Colored, and then attacked the home of Navin's brother. It is charged that the house was peppered with bullets and that a shot killed Navin's wife. Navin is also said to be in the Jones boro jail, charged by these men with crime. The federal charges arose over the alleged efforts of Morris, with whom Navin had contracted to make a crop on halves in 1920. to keep the Negro in a state of bondage ty refusing to permit him to leave the farm without paying the sum of $115.00. LITERARY SOCIETY IS NOW ORGANIZED The Phoenix Literary and Debating ' Society was formally organized Mon day night at the A. M. E. cjiurch. Hon. William E. Watkins was chosen president, Clarence Lindsey, vice president; Major Jones, secretary, and G. S. Rodgers, treasurer. The next program for the society will be ren dered Friday night. February 11th, at the A. M. E. church, corner Second street and Jefferson, at which time the following subject will be debated: "Should the Negro Emigrate to Mex- KEU KLUX KLAN GETTING BUSY IN NORTH CAROLINA (By The Associated Negro Press.) Greensboro, N. Car., Feb. 3.—The Ku Klux Klan made its first appear ance in Durham when notice was sent the Lincoln case, operated by Greeks for Negroes, advising them to “take heed to this warning and beware.’’ The warning stated that white and black men were meeting loose Negro women at the case for the purpose of taking automobile rides and* declaring that fraternizing between “low” whites and Negro women and traffic between between Negro men and ! women must cease. ; The letter of warning sent the Lin coln case, a copy of which was sup plied the press through the mail, fol lows: “To the Proprietor Lincoln Case, Mangum Street, Durham, N. Car. “Dear Sir—There are forces for good and evil in Durham —you are a force for evil. "Be advised that Anglo-Saxons founded this country—wrote the dec laration of independ*ence and consti tution of the United States, and then invited people of all nations to come in and enjoy life, liberty and the pur suit of happiness. However, these founders expected that all people would become Americans and respect our constitution, laws and customs. “It is not our custom to mix up with the Negroes on social equality. You are fraternizing with the Negroes and allowing a low element of whites to meet Nigger women in your place, and they are known to go out in auto mobiles together. The best white and black people in Durham resent this, and it must stop. “We are, a friend of the good Negroes as well as whites, but the bootleggers and tive lawless element of both had better watch their step. “You and your friends, therefore, take heed to this warning and be- 1 ware! “Yours for law, order and decenc? in Durham and the nation. “KU KLUX.” o MEMBERS OF MOB CANNOT BE FOUND ; (By The Associated Negro Press.) Warrenton, N. C., Feb. 3. —All ef forts to apprehend members of the mob which broke into the jail, re moved two Negroes held there after an’armed clash with whites over 10c worth of apples, and shot them to death, were set aside today in the anxiety of authorities to forestall a recurrence, of violence. The murder ers, therefore, will never be brought to justice. Seven of the nine Negroes left in the jail by the mob were today hur ried to Raleigh for safe keeping, and this afternoon five additional arrests were made and the prisoners also' rushed to Raleigh. Four other Ne groes for whom warrants are out have escaped. The Warrenton Home Guard, or dered out by Governor Morrison last night, was under arms all day, and the Henderson Home Guard also stood in readiness to respond to any call. However, tonight no further outbreak was regarded as probable. The coroner’s jury held an inquest and quickly returned a verdict of “death at the hands of unknown per sons.” All the witnesses testified to their inability to identify any mem bers of the mob. o The Millenium does not begin on the Fourth of March. President-elect j Harding simply takes the oath to | serve all the people on that day. ico?” The affirmative will be pre sented by G. T. Tinsley and C. C. Dotson; the negative will be upheld by Richard D. Simpson and J. D. Car ter. Other vocal and instrumental numbers will also be rendered and this promises to be a worth while entertainment. All Phoenix should turn out on this occasion, for some of the best talent in the city will ap pear on the program. Remember the date, February 11th, and cancel all other engagements. 5 Cents a Copy; $2.50 a Year SOUTH AMERICA IS LOGICAL COUNTRY FOR BLACK PEOPLE Rio De Janiero, Brazil, S. A., Feb. 3. —The Brazilian government has put the official stamp of its approval on the plans of the Brazilian-Ameriean Colonization Syndicate. It has been officially determined that the first colony of American colonists shall be set up in the state of Matto Grosso within a few miles of Cuyaba, the capital of the state. , This situation is in the very center of one of the richest sections in the whole Brazilian Republic. The pres ent value of the land is $3.25 an acre. Under the intensive farming system employed among the greater number of American farmers, in and out of the cotton district, this value, in a short time, should literally jump t« ten times this value. Virgin soil, an equitable climate and the kindly su pervisory interest of the national Bra zilian government combine to make this chance a golden one in every particular. Particular attention lias been given to the housing problems that will naturally arise in the colony for solu tion. Ample provisions have been provided by the national government to meet the demands in this con nection. When a settler has paid his SBOO.OO for his 100 hectares (247 acres), a three-room house will be built for him at a cost of $250.00 which must be paid in advance. This plan insures a high grade of set tlers for the colony and makes it an easy matter to maintain a high degree of community co-operation. The first group of settlers will leave New York City on the 21st of next June. No “color line,” a climate nc for the gods, a soil rich as gold in its productive power, and a government strong in its dispensations of the law, yet kindly in its official super vision of the people’s interests, all go to make Brazil a most desirable “garden spot” for all and any who want to t>reatbe the pure social and industrial air of a true Democracy. “This is the place I have long de sired tcc know about,” 'shouted an enthusiastic prospective colonist not long since. “Here is where I throw my hat in the ring of a new life and proceed to live for God and i humanity.” Enthusiasm has even gripped the natives since the govern ment has given its approval to the plan of the Brazilian-Ameriean Syn dicate. Old residents of Rio Janiero declare that the American Negro is the only kind of emigrant to encour age to come into the country. Be sides ties of blood they possess the tropical nature in a degree that will make them easily assimiable and therefore easily nationalized. In any event Brazilians are very enthusiastic over the prospects of having a good ly number of American Negro colo nists come into the country at this time as settlers. If appearances go for anything it truly looks good for the new colonists. CHAUJHTH PASSES TH REWARD Charles E. Heath, well known in business, civic, fraternal and musical circles here, died suddenly at his home on Indianola avenue last week, i a victim of heart trouble following a second paralytic stroke. Born in Boston, Mr. Heath came to Phoenix about ten years ago from Riverside, Calif. He opened a photo graphic studio soon after his arrival here and has since been engaged in that profession. He held many medals and certificates for the excel lence of his work. His studio was located at First avenue and Adams street. He was a member of the Masonic order, of the Shrine, of the Knights of Pythias, of the Elks and >of the Mod ern Woodmen. Mr. Heath also was , prominent in local musical circles, being a singer of note. He was also a member of several civic organiza tions. He leaves to mourn his loss, the wife, one son, David, and a brother in Boston.