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VOLUME 111. No.-57 CALVIN (MIDGE IN BAD WITH HIS BLACK BRETHREN (By The Associated Negro Press) Chicago, Feb. 17. —Vice-President- elect Calvin Ooolidge, according to authentic reports, felt a chill go up his spine when the statement he made about white southerners being the best friends of the Negroes, was met with rigid and frigid indifference. The psychology of this notable event is very peculiar, and is worthy of ex planation. There is no American who has been more admired for his hon esty of purpose and fearlessness in the cause of justice than Governor Coolidge, so far as Colored Americans are concerned. The silence of that great Atlanta audience was not scorn, hatred, nor indifference. The silence was due to disappointment, pity and thoughtful ness. All the records go to prove that ninety-nine out of every hundred northern white people who go south, and come under the hypnotical in fluences of the crafty southerners, who cleverly and designedly seek to impress their point of view on the visitor, come away “sold.” The Associated Negro Press could enumerate hundreds of instances, and there is in mind the case of a nation ally prominent white editor who tut recently was there, and who was i brought under the same influence, but refused to be “sold.” * How delighted the white south is over compromising statements like Governor Coolidge made is expressed typically in an editorial from the Charlotte, N. C., Observer, daily. It says: “The day before he departed from Atlanta for Asheville, Vice-President elect Coolidge was invited to make an address in a Negro church. The in vitation was accepted and the visitor delivered himself of a pointed piece of advice. Tde told the Negroes that “the white people of the North have done much in money and educators sent them." but the people of the south have done even more than that. He advised the Negroes to bear this fact in mind and to “appreciate*.the work of their white neighbors in* their be half.” Doing that and making “con scientious effort on their own part to j letter their condition,” was Mr. Cool idge’s idea of the best thing for the Negroes of the South. The Vice- President-elect appears to have a fine sense of the opportunity at hand to say something of real benefit to the Negroes, and now that they have had this advice from a man they know must be their friend, they should be inclined to give it serious thought. Mr. Coolidge's words were few, but they encompassed a mighty truth.” “Presient-eleet Harding has come under that same influence, but he has made, thus far, no break that would , indicate that he has been “sold,” j albeit 15,000,000 American Colored people have been nervously watching every turn up the bends of the Indian river, so to speak. Those who know President-elect Harding best, and their name is legion, give the most earnest assur ance that he will countenance no un fair advantages. As an editor and United States senator. Mr. Harding is a well informed man on American problems. Senator Harding is no stranger to the south, for years be fore he was a senator he spent his winters in Florida. The Coolidge incident shows that American Colored people are not being carried away with honied words, regardless of the source, and that they have their own ideas about “best friends,” and why such should be en titled to that appelation. o Memphis, Tenn., Feb. 17.—Samuel Moore, a Negro, started a panic last Wednesday night out in Neptune ave nue, by running through the street and shooting off an old Springfield rifle. When arrested he said lse meant no harm, but merely was discharging the gun to show a cer tain crowd of whites, who -were hos tile to him, that he could protect himself against their attacks. He was held by the police on a charge of shooting with intent to kill. ICHICAGO PUZZLED BT GIRL BANDIT’S i clever Schemes (By The Associated Negro Press) Chicago, Feb. 17.—Lure of Chicago i cabarets that called a 19-year-old i white girl "away from ,the home where she was the protege of a Detroit mil • lionaire, and made her a bandit queen in the Vincennes hotel, culminated in a police search for "Peggy Reed." Thomas Jones. Colored, arrested as . he was looting the home of Mrs. Dora , Levine, told the police th<* story. “Peggy Reed,” he said, “is 19 years old and very good looking. She was . reared by a Detroit millionaire, who took her from an orphanage when she was 10 years old. She lived in Detroit until two years ago, when she came i to Chicago to visit friends. Jones said he did not know the name of the Detroit millionaire, who j had been “Peggy’s” guardian. The j name Reed is believed ficticious. One | night, Jones said, the girl told him ■ she and her friends visited the “black j j and tan" cases and caberets of the: j South Side. “Peggy” became dazzled j by the bright lights. Shortly after i returning to Detroit she ran away and came back to Chicago. Since that time, Jones continued, she has been living on the South Side, residing in the places that lured her j into their midst, and a leader in a j series of robberies in which the total loot was valued at between $69,000 ] and $75,000. Jones confessed to being the girl j bandit's first lieutenant. He named | and pointed out more than 100 places i robbed by him, he says, at her orders. I To the Summerdale police he is j known as the “bedroom burglar,” be cause he stole clothing and jewelry | from sleeping apartments while their l owners were in other rooms. Usually j the robbery took place during the sup per hour while they were at table. A part of the loot—that in Jones’ j possession—has been recovered, and most of it identified by its owners. Jones said that the girl took most of the proceeds of his robberies, pawned the booty and kept the money. “She said she had the money in a safe deposit vault, and we’d divide when we had a pile.” REFORM IN CRIMINAL PROCEDURE BECOMES VERYNECESSARY Chicago, 111., Feb. 17. —"The cry for public hangings, for more numerous executions, for more drastic shoot-to kill police orders is a much more cow- j ardly mob spirit than that which in- ! spires lynchings in the South,” said i Dr. William J. Hickson, speaking at the Y. M. C. A. business men’s lunch- 1 , eon. “At least the lynchers go out 1 and do the job themselves. But here the howl for more legal murders, in spired by the same mob fear and by nothing more constructive or remedial than mob fear, results in the hysteri cal ones regaining in their sw r ivel 1 chairs and paying somebody else to do the job. “The time is dawning, however, 1 when our present attitude toward our | criminals will be considered as 1 grew'somely farcial as we now regard ! the ideas that inspired the burning of witches and the hanging of animals, j The world is slowly entering upon an approach to scientific sanity concern ing its own ills. The mob fear is going to find it harder and harder to rule the state. • “The time is also coming when the reform hysteria produced by the em bittered desire of incompetents and impotents to prevent their neighbors from enjoying things which they them selves are incapable of enjoying, w'ill I receive its true psycopathic rating and I be laughed out of court, instead of - incorporated into laws." o I .Sylvester, Ga., Feb. 17.—Ed Smith, ! a well known Negro of this place, i shot and seribusly wounded J. E. - Bryant and Wait Garrett, two white - farmers about four miles northeast t of here. Smith was captured later i and taken to another county for safe ! keeping. Garrett is not expected to live. PHOENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1921. COLORED MINISTERS FIND IT DIFFICULT l[ TO SECURE PASSES i (By The Associated Negro Press.) j i j Chattanooga. Tenn., Feb. 17.—Rec- j I j ognized ministers are in protest at j I I the ruling of the railroad clergy bu j reau recently in limiting their privi leges in the way of reduced rate i j tickets over the various lines and i j forcing all to submit to stringent! : j regulations in applying for and se- j j curing permits for such tickets. Col-i i ored Ministers’ Interdenominational | , j alliance of this city had the matter j ; before the organization. > j Railroad authorities have ruled that I j a colored preacher applying for a per- j ; mit for reduced fare must present j some evidence that lie is in reality an I | authorized minister of the gospel and I i represents some genuine religious or jganization. This ruling was made be j cause of discovery that numbers of i Negro men have been adopting the [ calling of a preacher on their own j account and using the title of “Rev j erend,” thus self-bestowed, as a | means to secure the privileges 6f I genuine ministers when desiring to J travel on the railroad. | The regular pastors of Colored i churches have taken this ruling as a i reflection upon them all and they are j | seeking to have the order rescinded, j SUPERIORITY NOT ! A MATTER OF COLOR I SAYS WHITE TUTOR (By The Associated Negro Press) Pittsburgh. Pa., Feb. 17—What is ; | superiority? Is it a matter of color?! j A woman professor in an eastern j j school thinks not, and she proceeded i ] to tell her class and the Leader com-! ments most interestingly on her point j of view- and what happened following her expressions. “She said that a physically perfect, well educated, intelligent Negro, of sterling moral character, undoubtedly is superior to a physically imperfect, unintelligent, uneducated, low-moraled white man. This byway of emphasis of her biological point that the claims of the individual, plant, or animal, cannot be submerged or lost in the claims of the mass, whether plant ( species or human races. The point i she stressed was that the question in j such cases is not of the race in its totality, but individual specimens of the race. “This was not in Mississippi county, | Arkansas, but in a large medical col | lege in a large, and by courtesy, in- I telligent, educated and civilized city jof the Atlantic seaboard. It might be i supposed that medical students con- I cerned exclusively with the study of biological factors would listen to such a verbal illustration and grasp its pur- \ pose and point. It might be supposed | I that medical students would have in- j telligence enough to sieze the essen tials of this illustration—merely to drive home the scientific point—and make it available to more advanced knowledge and thought. “The supposition would be all wrong. The class—sophomore be it noted —could not at first believe it , had heard the professor right. But | the more her words were recalled and ! pondered the more convinced the ■ j students became that they had re- J membered correctly. She had de i dared in perfect excellence that as a biological conclusion a good Negro is ! better than a bad white man. The • students held a meeting. They de- II cided they could not in justice to ; ! themselves listen to any more in - structing of that kind. They pro -11 tested. They demanded that the as -1 sistant professor retract the teaching, f apologize to the class or resign. Thomasville, Ga., Feb. 17.—Bishop , H. Flipper was a'guest of honor at , a public reception last Tuesday night, j . at which Mayor Mclntyre extended > the welcome in behalf of the city.! t Bishops W. A. Fountain and William I r D. Johnson were among the speakers[ son this occasion. Bishop Flipper ) spent most of his early life in Thom asville. , NOTED SINGER WILL APPEAR AT | THE HIGH SCHOOL! ANITA PATTI BROWN The National Association for the j Advancement of Colored People pro- j j rents Anita Patti Brown, known 1 ! throughout both North and South | | America as the “Bronze Tettrazzini.” S .This noted singer is by no means a j i stranger as her soft, sweet sopranoi | voice is heard in many American i j homos, singing “Villanelle” and many j ! other popular selections for the j j Columbia records. This rare treat will be presented i March 10th at. the High school attdi-- torium at 8:00 o’clock. Admission,! j 50c, 75c and SI.OO. DISCRIMINATION IS CHARGED AGAINST BLACKS BY BLACKS (By The Associated Negro Press.) | Springfield, Mass., Feb. 17—Charges I of race discrimination by Negroes | against Negroes were made here with the 'filing of four suits for S4OO each against John Hall, proprietor of a barber shop. The plaintiffs alleged that Hall declined to serve them for the reason that he might injure his i white trade. CRIMINALS SHOULD NOT BE CLASSED BY APPELLATION, AVERS (By The Associated Negro Press.) Washington, D. C.. Feb! 17. —An ap peal to the newspapers of the coun try to guard against designating as i “ex-service men” burglars, holdup , men and other criminals without ! proper investigation, was issued by: Secretary Baker. He. declared that the expression was beconjing increasingly common and that in many cases investigation would prove that the persons referred to had never been identified with the nation’s armed forces. “It is popular just now for crimin-] als to plead that they served in the! army or navy in the war in the hope 1 of gaining sympathy,” Mr. Baker said, j “When these people are so styled! there is a great injustice done of men j who may properly pride themselves ] in being ‘ex-service men.’ ” Colored Americans throughout the j country are interested in .this appeal! from Secretary Baker for the reason 1 that it eminently the objec- • tionable psychology of always label ! mg everything with which a Colored i person is connected as “Negro” just J as the “ex-service man” newspaper statement brings reproach upon thej soldiers, the other brings, sometimes] 1 unwittingly, but more frequently in-] ] tentionally, reproach upon all colored! people. o I Anything, ANYTHING, Lord, but] I what we’ve got, ANYTHING! o ! March 4th, —tess than a mpntn j away. GEORGIA ATTORNEY GOMES BACK WITH STRONGER WORDS (By The Associated Negro Press.) Atlanta, Ga., Feb. 17.—Hooper Alex ander. United States district attorney for the northern district of Georgia, has stirred the entire state, and at tracted the attention or the enire nation. He has recently been mak ing a series of statements in language that cannot be misunderstood, deplor ing and denouncing the lawlessness in certain sections of Georgia. Because of these statements, re gardless of the fact that they are filled with truth, a number of news papers of the south have taken Mr. Alexander to task. They have ac cused him of playing to get favor with the Republicans, so as to retain his office. He has come back with j a statement that the position is not ] “lucrative” as money goes these days, i and that he has only withheld his | I resignation for the last year through I loyalty. He retorts with the state ] ment that if those Who criticize him ] will “let me tell them a few of the j ] things that are going on, they also j | would be horrified, and instead of ! throwing the weight of their paper I in favor of the disgraceful things that j are going on, unwhipped of justice, I they will join in my protest.” The Macon News, daily, comes I back with a reply, which plainly j shows that there are sections of the ! white South where it is not desired : that the truth bd known, regardless ]of how horrible conditions may be, I there are those who wish to shut their eyes to the terrible lawlessness, ] and even when a brave official and | respected white citizen like District ; Attorney Alexander comes to the [front, they wish to put “cotton in i his mouth.” After paying this • high tribute to Mr. Alexander: “Mr. Alexander holds a high office and when he speaks a great deal of importance is attached to what he j says. He is a man of culture and j intelligence. He does not belong to | the ‘radical’ school.” The Macon News makes this wail: ] j “If Mr. Alexander could have seen ! the two column headlines on the I front page of the New York Tribune which featured the publication of the story in New York city he would have had a rather different idea, and it was just such a course which led to the comments made in the Macon News. “The New' York Tribune has many merits, but it is one of the most viru lent and unreasoning critics of the South we have in this day and time.: It has a tradition behind it which! makes it the principal lair of the old time abolitionists and it never over [ looks an opportunity to lambaste the South. ATROCIOUS CRIME EAID AT DOOR OF KLUJLUX KEAN! (By The Associated Negro Press.) j Monroe, La., Feb. 17. —An unidenti- 1 fied white man, nude and dying, his j ] skull crushed and his flesh burned j from his waist down, was found in 1 ! the w'oods. The man, believed to i 1 have come here from Houston, died ] ] without regaining consciousness. Evidence that coal oil had been I | poured on his body was found and a \ ■ smouldering fire near by indicated | the man had been thrown on it. ] Tattoo marks, “W. L.” and the ] name cf “L. Coleman,” a Houston ] ! firm, in the hat band, were the only I ! marks of identification. Some think j ! the Klu Klux committed the deed. I 0 I . It won’t bring Heaven, but it may ; bring a change. o Perhaps if we begin to stand on our feet, that will help some. o Cotton is King. Cotton has been; our best friend. How about a cotton ! harvester? o K The best section in the country for j the Negro is where he makes the most. [of his opportunities. [ NEGLECT TO HANG PRISONER RAISES MOOTED QUESTION Baton Rouge, La., Feb. 17. —Lonnie Eaton, colored man the sheriff forgot to hang may be dead, legaliy. Attorney General Coco frankiy ad mitted he didn’t know; but reports from Ouachita parish prison, where Lonnie has been taking in, legally or illegally, his regular “three squares” a day ever since his execution was mislaid by Sheriff Grant, February Ith, do not indicate that his appetite has suffered because of his possible demise. Sheriff Grant wrote the governor that in the press of “civil and crim inal matters” he utterly forgot the mandate to put Eaton, convicted of the murder of a white man, to death oh that day. The sheriff didn’t know what fro do about it. He had no war- I rant to execute his prisoner on any other day, and asked for instructions. The governor turned the matter over to Attorney General Coco, who ]is raking the law books for prece i dents. It was said the once-in-jeop j ardy principle of law might prevent any execution. In the meantime, Eaton is physical ly alive, and the board of pardons still has before it an application for clemency in his case. The attorney general issued a state ment that from investigation of the case as a member of the board of pardons he believed that Eaton “should not be hanged.” He added that had he known the date of execu tion hau been set he would have called Governor Parker’s attention to a request for reprieve and commuta tion of sentence made by Sheriff Grant, who had asserted that to hang Eaton would be “a travesty on jus tice.” o GARVEY’S FLANS ■ UNKNOWN IN AFRICA SAYS NOTED AFRICAN (By The Associated Negro Press.) Chicago, Feb. 17.—Charles W. Chap pelle, president of the African Union j company, Secondi, West Africa—the j "Gold Coast”—is in the United States I and spent several days in Chicago recently, accompanied by Joseph L. Jones of Cincinnati, Ohio, secretary of the African Union company. This (Company has been formed since 1914, ] and besides engaging in general con tracting, ships mahogany, cocoa and other products of Africa to American consumers. Mr. Chappelle is a native Ameri can, and a man of intelligence and interesting fierscnality. * In an inter view for the Associated Negro Press he declared: “Africa is the land of promise. The people of the United States are always agreeably surprised when they actually know what we are accom plishing in Africa. We have every thing along the ‘gold coast’ that you ihave in America, and with that we have freedom without reservation.” Mr. Chappelle then produced the | “African Red Book,” published for ; the purpose of showing just what is 1 going ou there, and the information jin commercial achievement, and the j illustrations of the men and women lof success, their places of business ] and homes are really amazing. “We hear talk here about heathen, cannibals, deserts wild animals, jail of these may be there but we ' hear more of it in America than j there where we live.” | Asked whether the people of the j “Gold Coast” were enthusiastic about ; any kind of “universal movement, |Mr. Chappelle replied: ‘lt may be a ]good thing, but we know nothing of it there.” o Tampa, Flat, Feb. 17. —Colored peo ple cf this city are making an active campaign for appointments of a city -physician, a sanitary inspector and a city policeman from among their number. There seems tjp be a gen eral feeling that v they will be suc cessful. These officials are to serve 'among the colored population i’s ap pointed. 5 Cents a Copy; $2.50 a Year 'TEXAS BLACKS ON TO DEMOCRATS IN PRIMARY ELECTION (By The Associated Negro Press) Houston, Texas,, Feb. 17. —There are signs which point to the danger of the Colored voters, in this city, capturing the machinery of the local Democratic party. The present pri mary election is the innocent cause of the situation. And so acute is the probability that local Democratic leaders have taken serious steps to ■bring about annulment of the law. This fact was brought to light last Monday morning in the court room of Judge Charles E. Ashe, where eminent counsel contended that the city had no legal right to bear the expenses of the scheduled primary election for the ninth of February. Ordinarily the primary law would have been allowed to go its way. But recently local colored leaders have been shown a marked disposi t! on to forsake the Republican ranks and affiliate- with the Democratic organi zation. Lily-Whitism is said to be at the bottom of the desire. This fact was pushed out Into the limelight at last Monday’s hearing before Judge Ashe. Several colored men confessed that they were bent on going into the primaries to make a fight for recog nition and a voice in government by throwing their support to such Demo cratic candidates as had shown a dis position to give the Negro a fair chance. The democratic primary has been heretofore .purely a white man’s pri mary and as it operates here and in other -Southern slates, has been prac tically the real election day, all actual , issues being fought out in the pri ! mary. Colored voters sought an in junction seeking to restrain any in terference in their voting in the pri mary and the democrats moved to annul the law, claiming that the pri mary was illegal. Messrs. J. B, Grigs by, C. F. Richardson, Jr., C. N. Love, I VV. L. Davis, Wm. Nickerson, Jr., ; Norman Dudley, Jr., and Perry Mack | were leaders in the movement. ; Not a few Democratic, leaders would be glad of Negro support if it were not for the fear that the col ored leaders ’ would finally take ad vantage of the power of a majority vote and thereby capture the Demo j cratic organization. This is too bitter j a pill (o swallow even by inference. Hence there has been a cry sent out from Macedonia and Judge Ashe has been called upon to come f - trd with help to hold back the im, rtng “nigger flood.” It is expected that he will render a decision which will determine the present primary law unconstitutional and therefore inoperative. If he has the “nerve” to do this the state su preme court will uphold the decision on “for the public good” grounds and thus save, for the passing moment, the already besmeared face of "white supremacy” in the city of Boston. The colored citizens were repre sented at the hearing by R. D. Evans, a.colored lawyer of Waco. COMED PRISONER PROMISED A FAIR ■ IRIALJN GEORGIA Sylvester, Ga., Feb. 17.—A resolu tion addressed to Governor McCray of Indiana pledging every protection and impartial trial for Mace Giddens, held in Indiana for murder of a deputy sheriff of this country, was adopted here by a citizens’ mass meeting. Governor McCray had sent a repre sentative, W. A. Guthrie, to the coun ty to investigate conditions before acting on an extradition application in the case. Guthrie was given a copy of the resolution to carry back to the governor. Attorneys for Giddens*in Indiana opposed extradition on the plea that he would be in danger of lynch law if sent back. The citizens of Georgia are anxious to have Giddens re turned, but it is said the opinion in Indiana is that even if the colored man is given a trial it will be prac tically a legal lynching.