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A SQUARE DEAL
This government is based upon the fundamental idea that each man, no matter whis occupation, his race, or ms religious belief, is en titled <n De treated on his worth as a man, and neither favored nor discriminated against because of any acci dent in his position.—Theo dore Roosevelt. VOL. VII.—NO. 7. DR. R. R. MOTON TELLS NEED OF CO-OPERATION AMONG ALL CHURCHES Nashville, Tenn.—The need of trained ministers and an enlarged program for churches were empha sized by Dr. Robert R. Moton, prin cipal of the Tuskeg'ee Normal and Industrial Institute and president of the National Negro Business League, in addressing the National Baptist convention, which was in session here at the Ryman auditorium, Friday eve ning. Dr. Moton pointed out to the large and appreciative audience which pack ed the auditorium, that in order for any church or denomination to do effective work it must co-operate with other churches and denominations. “Jesus Christ, Himself,” declared Dr. Moton, “put the supreme emphasis upon this point of unity of those who believe in His name. In His last prayer, He used over and over this petition: ‘That they may be as one as we are’ and He gave this reason for desiring fundamental untiy among His believers, that the world might believe that the Father sent Him.” “As long,” said Dr. Moton, “as the believers in Jesus are divided into opposing forces; as long as they find themselves unable to get together for practical purposes; as long as they look on one another with hostility and suspicion; as long as they are en vious of each other and fighting and struggling against the success of one another; so long will the world be un convinced that the kind of Christian ity that they teach is good for the rest of the world.” In referring to the influence which the Baptist church had exerted on the progress of the Negro race, the speaker said: “The fact remains that the Baptist church has been a great tower of strength and opportunity to the Negro race. It is the Baptist church that gave to the race its first opportunity for self direction. The freedom and democracy of the Bap tist church have been the great train ing school for Negro leadership. For nearly one hundred and fifty years Negroes have had in the Baptist church their greatest opportunity to direct their own affairs; to manage their own business; to organize for co-operative effort; to prove their own capabilities. Some of the strong est men and women of our race found their earliest training in leadership through their activities as ministers, as deacons or as laymen in the church. 1 These lessons they have carried into other fields and estbalished a close connection between the church and the life of our people. “Now this connection is a thing that the church itself should be anxious to keep up. To maintain this hold, how- ; ever, it must direct its energies to ward certain definite goals of achieve- 1 ment. In the first place the church must supply the people with strong efficient, upright leadership. All of the other professions are today com-1 peting with the ministry for influence ; as leaders and it is good to have it so. Every side of the life of our j people must be developed and it will take competent leaders to bring this about. There is little danger that our ' preachers will cease to be the lead- i ers among our people, but the import-! ant question is the type of leader-! ship which they represent. In all the ! other fields the influence of definite practical training is being felt. Teach ers, doctors, lawyers, business men are today the product of careful train ing and preparation. The church must set up and maintain the same ideals for its ministry if its influence for good is to remain. "Again, if the church would hold ; its influence among our people it must enlarge its program for service to the race. I am not here to say what this program must be. It will depend upon the circumstances sur rounding the individual church: I can say, however, that that church is ren dering the best service to the king dom of God which finds away in which to put every one of its mem bers at some definite constructive task of making this world a better place in which to live.” Dr. Moton further paid a glowing tribute to the progress which the Na tional Baptist convention had made under the leadership of Dr. L. K. Wil liams of Chicago, and pointed out as one of the indications of this contin ued advancement. Or KOy jp U&ppinQrs #&&&£. NEGRO WINS $40,000 COURT CASE IN STATE OF FLORIDA, AVERS JACKSONVILLE, Fla.—ln June, 1919, A. W. Cockrell, Jr., a promi nc3- white lawyer of Jacksonville, Florida, Instituted suit against S. D. McGill, a recognized colored attorney of the same city. The suit was to recover what was claimed to be a reasonable fee for legal service ren dered in a previous suit Two suits were filed, one on the Law side and one on the Chancery side. Each suit was for twenty thousand dollars. The McGills refused to pay the fee charged, on the grounds that the amount was unreasonable. When the Chancery suit was heard in the Circuit Court, the 'findings were in favor of the white attorney for the fee claimed .twenty thousand dollars. McGill, dissatisfied, ap pealed the case to the Supreme Court which dismissed the bill on the grounds that there was no equity in it—Victory No. 1. The case at Law was next heard in the lower court with the same results as the case in Chancery. The Supreme Court was again appealed to, and the decision of the Circuit Court was reversed on the grounds that it w'as excessive and unreason able. —Victory No. 2. The McGills are to be congratulat ed upon their success in winning this notable case. Many similar cases have been brought by Negroes thru out the South and most of them have closed against the side of fair ness and justice, because no one per sisted as did Attorney McGill.| GEORGIANS SHOOT BLACK, THEN CREMATE HIS BODY IS LATEST VALDOSTO, G a.—Warren Woods, alleged to have shot and killed a white city official, was killed by a mob of white people and his bullet riddled body was carried a short dis tance from the center of the town to a skirt of woods where a funeral pyre was erected by the irate whites and the body cremated while the crowd vented its indignant feeling in a wild exultatiou at the alleged cold blooded murder of the city official. Woods was employed as a house 1 servant at the home of J. L. Horne and it is said that Woods created a sort of disturbance during Sunday morning which attracted the attention j of the city marshal, who threatened |to place Woods under arrest, and then an argument ensued in which Woods is alleged to have taken a | pistol and killed the officer. The shooting attracted a large crowd of | people on their way to church. In i stead of going to church the people | engaged in a wild orgy of killing and cremation. INNOCENT MAN FEIGNS DEATH, ESCAPES KLAN IN WEST VIRGINIA I The attempted murderers of an innocent Negro were traced to St. Louis, where they were arrested a few days ago and sent back to Fair mont, W. Va., to answer a charge of assault with intent to kill. The two are said to have led a group if Klans men who attacked the Negro The victim. Daniel Washington, a colored chef in a Fairmont hotel, ; told how he feigned death with a bullet wound in his side, while a hooded mob conducted a ceremonial over him on a lonely farm. He said he was shot when he attempted to escape the mob„ after he had been enticed to the farm by a white wo man, who _ proved to be Mrs. C. R. Brown. Washington became friendly with Mrs. Brown, who was a waitress at the hotel where he worked. She did not resent the chef’s attention but instead arranged for a tryst at a place that she termed home. Wash ington found the place to be an iso lated old farm house. When he sought admittance, he was suddenly surrounded by a band of hooded and robed men. He tried to escape and was shot. He was then dragged into PHDENIX, ARIZONA, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, 1924 SIOO,OOO IF COLORED BOY GETS A. B. DEGREE FROM U. OF SO. CAL. LOS ANGELES, Calif.—Brice Tay ■ lor, famous athlete of the University , of Southern California, and ranked . as one of the best athletes on the Pacific coast, has been named as i the sole beneficiary in a will left by . a cousin of a SIOO,OOO estate. The ■ will stipulates that Taylor must grad uate from the University of South ern California with the Bachelor of Arts degree and under no other con . dition will he receive the money. At present Taylor is a sophomore 1 at the University and well known on the whole coast in the athletic and social world. The fund is held In trust by Wil liams and Jones, attorneys-at-law. FLAPPER GOT BOBBED HAIR IDEA FROM ZULUS, SAY THOSEWHO KNOW Philadelphia, Pa.—Startling things reveal themselves every day but the latest and most astonishing revela tion has been made by a missionary who claims that the flapper got her i bobbed hair idea from the Zulus, i Paris, the modeshop of the gentle i female, is not always the source of i popular styles for women. The bobbed . hair, short skirt practice was present . in Africa over thirty years ago. Col. J. Alister Smith, a missionary, told of his experience among the Africans. Many modes and characteristics that have recently become the rage of the modern woman, he spoke of as being prevalent in Africa when he first took charge of his mission there ( in 1890. He told of giving a large, fine looking Zulu woman a dress. The waist-band proved too small and she tied the waist part of the dress . around her neck, thu 8 bringing the 1 bottom of the skirt up just below her 1 knees. Like Bobo’s first taste of • burnt pig, the short dress took the ■ fancy of the native belles, and became 1 the mark of good appearance among 1 them just at a time when the long i full bottom skirt was the style in all i of the rest of the world. The eye of 1 some crafty designer fell upon the unusual charm of the fad, and the humble African’s creation became a 1 world’s style under the label “Mod i iste de Paris.” Short trimmed hair has long been another custom among the Africans. The practice is said by Colonel Smith to have originated with the native bride. “I knew a man,” he said, “had forty-two wives and 172 children. Every one of his wives be fore her marriage shaved the front and back of her head and put a large marriage ring around she middle of her hair remaining. This middle hair was then tied and trained to stand upward-and red clay and. pig fat was rubbed in it. The effect was a handsome headdress similar to a modern Billy Burke,” or “shingled,” according to the way that the hair grew.” Short hair, like short skirts, was very becoming to the native girl and finally came to attention of fashion experts, who introduced it to the mo dern girl with tell-tale effects. Col. Smith inferred that the women of the world are obviously unconscious of the indebtedness to the African maid en for many of their most exquisite styles. a nearby ravine, where he feigned death while a ceremonial was held over his body. After the masked men had departed, he crawled to the road and was taken to a hospital by a passing motorist. Mrs. Brown and her husband were indicted for the shooting. Authori ties say they have confessed and revealed the names of the other mem bers of the mob. Seven men were arrested in connection with the shoot ing, including Rev.' Jones, who is a prominent Fairmont minister and who is believed to be an official of the klan. FOTRUNE AWAITB HEIR OF NEGRO WAR VICTIM SAN ANTONIO, Texas —The legal heir of Lewis Raymond, Negro, who died in the army, Is being sought BLACK BALLOTS WITH SEPARATE BOXES FOR NEGROESSUGGESTED CHICAGO —The time of political ideas is on. Louise R. McKay of West Haven, Fla., white and re sourceful, comes forth with an idea of haviGg black and white ballot boxes. She sends a telegram to Re publican National Committee which says: “Let me offer an original sugges tion before the campaign gets too hot Since ballots are on white paper with names of candidates In black lettering, why not make change for colored voters fcv using black ballots with white lettering? Sep arate boxes for ballots require less time in counting, also show how col ored people vote. Have mentioned this to scores. All approve- Am lady who championed soldiers’ priority rights bill through Congress signed by President Harding, April 6th, 1922. Can coin soldier votes for any pai ty.” In reply, Geroge W. Lee makes the following reply: “Reference Is made to your tele gram of August 23. I am sorry to say that I cannot persuade myself as the others you mentioned, to see this question as they see It. I ac knowledge the originality of your suggestion but I doubt Its feasibil ity. I am unable to see any contri bution that such, a plan will make to the success of the party in Novem ber. I would rather think of some plan that would stimulate registra tion among all the people than to think of some cure before the mala dies that you mention have actually set In. The Republican party cannot approve at this time of any plan that smackg of discrimination. The aim in this election is not to deter mine a number of votes cast by each group by a dual system of voting. It would be better to concentrate on some plan that would make impos -1 sible the “burrow systems”—“the 1 shot gun methods” that are used at the polls In preventing good republi cans from casting an honest ballot for Coolidge and Dawes. “America is the home of many races and many tongues- To encour age caste and race discrimination is a dangerous policy. The funda mentals of Republicanism have been maintained by a closed rank forma tion of all the races. In all the wars in defense of our country’s ideals the question of race was sub merged and the only qualification was to be an American citizen. Hand in hand these people of all races march ed forward as American citizens and planted our standard on the foremost frontiers of the enemy. Therefore, in peace there should be but one j •standard in all of our pursuits. The 1 white man needs the colored man. the: Jew needs the Gentile. The spirit of Washington and Lincoln hover 1 over us all. “If we are to maintain In our land a government of Common Sense, dou- 1 ble standards and special privileges 1 must be destroyed. The law In White Haven, Florida, aa In Boston, Mas sachusetts, must be an expression of j the consent of all the people and deal with all the people alike. To adopt white and black ballots, as you suggest, would drive thousands of colored from our standard. The colored man of today is no longer wedded to party; he is thinking In a more liberal vein, and to offend him at this stage of the campaign would mean Indignation meetings everywhere, and a larger number vot ing the democratic ticket.” COLORED WOMAN SAID TO BE WORTH FORTUNE $500,000,000 ESTIMATE PORTLAND, Ore.—Mrs. Ida Pills bury, who is claimed to be the own er of the Pillsbury Flour Mills at the Leray HI,U Minneapolis, is now said to be the richest colored woman In the world. She was recently said to be worth $500,000,000. by the San Antonio Red Cross Chap ter. Raymond took out SIO,OOO insur ance policy when he entered the army. He died of influenza while in the service and hi e legal heir has not BIBLE STUDENT SAYS DEGREE MEN ARE FAKES QUOTES BIBLICAL PROOF PHILADELPHIA, Pa.—Revs. L. L Ds., D. Ds. and Ph. Ds. were denounc ed in glaring terms by William V. Tucker, a high office holder In the International Bible Students’ Associ ation, which ended Its three days’ session here last week. The mass meeting was held in the Dunbar Theatre Sunday afternoon. Mr. Tucker quoted passages from the bible to back his denunciation. He quoted the L. L- Ds. as “Lying, Liv ing Devils," and that followers of the 600 or more denominations were work-horses for the leaders of their flock, who were afraid to preach the real gospel. He also predicted that towards the end of 1925 another carnage, such as the one that happened In 1918 will come to pass. BISHOP CAREY SEES BRIGHT FUTURE FOR WESTERN UNIVERSITY Bishop A. J. Carey, newly appoint ed bishop over the fifth district of the A. M. E. church, which includes Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Colo rado, Montana, Utah and Nevada, at a recent meeting of the trustees of Western University, operated by the African Methodist Episcopal church and the State of Kansas at Quindaro, was unanimously elected president of the Board of Trustees, and outlined plans to make the institution one of the best of the race. “Because our people are coming into this state in ever larger numbers, year by year, more attention must be and will be paid to their education,” said the bish op, “and Western University must do its full part. The institution now gives a good academic college course, but we must give an. even better course. The great state of Kansas will do its part and the great African Methodist Episcopal church, which I have the honor to represent will do its part. Out here in the great new west, with its thriving population of ambitious black people, as well as am bitious white people, we will build one of America’s greatest universities. As we have built a great university at Wilberforce; as we have built great institutions in the south, dotting ev ery state in that section of the coun try, such as Allen University at Co lumbia, S. C.; Morris Brown Univers ity at Aatlanta, Ga.; Edward Waters College at Jacksonville, Fla.; Paul Quinn College at Waco, Tex.; Shor ter University at Little Rock, Ark.; | Campbell University at Jackson, Miss. I Kittrell College at Kittrel, N. C.; Payne College in Alabama, Turner j College at Shelbyville. Tenn., and | others, we will build even greater in stitutes in the west. We must have l the best in equipment, the best in I teachers. Our standard of efficiency at Quindaro is not one whit lower j than at the University of Kansas, and our people are measuring up to i it.” i In his effort the Bishop has been assured the support of the entire board and the people generally, re gardless of denomination. “For,” said the bjshop, “while I am an can Methodist to the manner born, I am a Negro and have the interest of every member of my race at heart, regardless of church affiliation, or even if he has no church affiliation; for when the mob starts after my people it does not ask to what church you belong. And I am an American and have an interest in all Americans, white and black. We must live here-in peace, equal under the constitution, and my people must measure up and do the work and have the rights of true Americans.” Been found. A Negro woman, who lives in Lou isiana, was named by Raymond as beneficiary. She claimed to be Ray mond's aunt, but an investigation dis closed that she was no kin at all, and therefore not eligible to Inherit the money. An attempt was made to trace Ray mond’s relationship. The only defi nite information secured showed that Raymond was born In San Antonio, December 1, 1897, so there is no record of his birth certificate filed In San Antonio. AFRICAN METHODISTS WILL ADOPT BUDGET SYSTEM IN CHURCHES Baltimore, Md.—One of the most ■ important things done at the General • Conference of the African Methodist i Episcopal church held at Louisville, ■ Ky., was in providing for a budget for the church. Budgets for families, bud gets for clubs, budgets for cities and. i for states, and even for the United . States have been discussed so that i the country is pretty generally ac i quainted with what is meant by the term budget; but a budget for a col ! ored church is up to date and an un i heard of thing. The African Meth ■ odists, if they are able to budget their i whole system, which includes 7,000 churches and nearly a million mem i bers with 11 different departments i and 18 bishops will be doing a great I work not only for their church but for their race. The chief criticism of the church is that its methods of fin ance are so haphazard that they do not know what they want and have no definite plans for getting it. Bish op John Hurst of Baltimore, a man with experience in governmental af fairs and diplomatic service, as well as a bishop in the African Methodist church, is at the head of the budget committee, and is in touch with those whose business it is to make budgets and sometime in the near future the budget system will be installed in the African Methodist Episcopal church. Already the budget idea has brought increased confidence and finances will be increased and raised with less difficulty than in the past; for the budget system will put the church on a firm business basis. ZULU SELECTS WIFE FOR HER ABILITY AS A DANCER, SAY REPORTS In Zulu land in Africa, the dance is the first and last consideration when it comes to match-making, courtship, and finally marriage. In fact, dancing is a specific require > ment for a girl who wishes to find a husband. It Is the dance which gives the young native of this country a chance to make up his mind which of the Zulu girls he prefers. The young men, bedecked with feathers and plumes, and the young women, resplendent in all the beads' on which they can lay their hands, 1 line up on two sides, the men on ■ one side and the girls on the other, as for a Virginia reel. WHITE SOUTHERNER LEAVES FORTUNE TO HIS COLORED MAID Lexington, Ky.—Death has disclos- 1 ed another southern romance put up i in the true style of the old South. i Colonel John T. Hughes, aged 83, one of the wealthiest white farmers in central Kentucky, died here last week, leaving the bulk of his $500,000 estate to three colored servants. The servants are Mrs. Ellen Davis, I about 60 years old, his housekeeper, her son Robert Henry Hughes, and Alexander Ranklin, the Colonel”s valet. Important thing to note is that Hughes was a bachelor, according to , his friends and never married and that the son of his housekeeper was given the Colonel’s name. Rumor is that a common law ar rangement existed between the co lple who loved each other dearly, but who never wed on account of the differ ence between their races. The Hughes estate includes about 1,000 acres of the best land in the Blue Grass country. It fro os ‘le Lexington-Paris road. This house to gether with 293 acres of land goes to ' Mrs. Davis who gets also the con tents which include antiques and modern furnishings, the farming 1 utensils wagons, stock, etc. Robert Henry Hughes, the colored son, gets the Sudly farm on another • pike with 160 acres worth S3OO an • acre. t Alexander Ranklin, the Colonel’s , valet, who served the Colonel for. 40 > years was given the Ware farm con- I taining 96 acres worth at least $60,- 000 for his natural life time and at A BTRONG CHARACTER Race prejudice is bound to give way before the Influ ence of character, education ' wealth. These are ne -o *° the growth of our racfc. v A,. ->ut wealth there can be leisure, without leisure there can be no thought, and without thought there can be no progress.— Booker T. Washington. 5 Cents a Copy; $2.50 a Year 808 CHURCH KICKED OUT OF REPUBLICAN PARTY IN TENNESSEE Washington, D. C.—The two out standing announcements of last were the ousting of R. R. (“Bob”) Church of Memphis, Tennessee, by the State Republican party of Tennessee, a pure lily white affair. The other was , that of Attorney Wm. H. Lewis, of Boston, former assistant attorney general under President Taft, that he was through with the Republican party and would support John W. Davis for President. Both of these men are well known nationally, and their actions will have a deal of in fluence with many colored voters. The ousting of Mr. Church and Mr. Fite is a very raw deal for the Re publicans to pull in any state and especially in a state classed as doubt ful. Some of the Republican leaders realize that there is a great deflec tion of the colored voters from the G. O. P. Others figure that if the deflection is not placated, it will be offset by the white women. But they lose sight of the fact that colored women are interested in voting them selves and will cast a big vote in November. The lily whites of Ten nessee made a bold front and have insulted the colored voters of that state. These voters have their op portunity to resent that insult and will give the G. O. P. ticket the black eye in November. Since Mr. Taylor, national com mitteeman of Tennessee and congress man from the 2nd district of that state, has been a frequent visitor at the White House, it appears that this ~ was done with knowledge of the White House. As soon as they ousted Church and Fite the lily whites held a Republican banquet attended by H. B. Lindsey, the Republican candidate for the Senate; T. F. Peek, candidate for governor and J. Will Taylor, can didate for congress, fresh from a visit to the White House. s Every practical politician knows | the Negro is the strongest asset of the Republican party. It is the key stone of the building and with that stone crumbling the collapse of the building may be expected. But for the solidarity and loyalty of the col ored voter, the Republican party would be a minority party in possi bly twenty important states of the north. Hence every Negro vote cast j for the Democrats counts double, i The reasons there is a stronger tendency toward Davis than any other Democrat since the civil war are these: First: It was Davis who knocked out the Oklahoma disfranchisement amendment before the supreme court. Second: Davis threw his weight against the Jim Crow law for West Virginia. Third: Davis declared . strongly • against the Ku- Klux Klan and Cool , idge has kept silent, i Fourth: The indentification in so | many states of the Republican or ganizations with the Klan. Fifth: Failure of the Republican congress to pass anti-lynching law which was promised in the platform of 1920. Sixth: The continuing of the out rageous segregation in the various j departments in Washington. Seventh: : The failure of the Re publicans to enforce the 13th, 14th and 15th amendments, thereby ac quiescent in the disfranchisement of 7,000,000 Negroes. Eighth:: The Negro has become very impatient over promises ■dth out performances. He is realizing his value to the Republican party and will not be the gullible follower of that party as he has been. Ranklin’s death, the farm according to the will, will revert to Robert Hen ry Hughes, whom the Colonel styles in his will as “the son of my old colored servant, Ellen Davis, who has worked for me faithfully for over forty years.” Colonel Hughes never went around about the neighbors. The bluest blood of the South is said to have flowed in his viens. He knew few people although everybody knew him. His colored family is likewise quite reticent. Mrs. Davis is now living in a rather plain home in Chestnut street in the colored section of this town. She refused a photographer permis sion to make a picture of her.