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??r 5 U3 ULaUL!JMJ-.M nu Sfte gailoj stasfcro. ASTORIA, OREGON : B. C. IREIiAXB .EDITOR FRIDAY .May 5, 1S7G. A VAST UNDERTAKING. The New Panama Transit Company and its ims. From the Philadelphia North American. The Panama Transit Company, the formation of -which we recently an nounced, is proving to be a substantial reality, and threatens to inaugurate a contest upon two oceans for the com mand of a world-wide traffic. Of course the point on which the whole affair turns, is the Panama Railroad. When the speculators concerned in the Union and Central Pacific Railrod monopory bought up the control of the Pacific Mail steamship Company for the pur pose of abolishing competition, they neglected to buy the Panama Railroad, fancying tljat with the withdrawal of the steamships the "railroad would be obtained when wanted at a mere song. But instead of this, the railroad w;is held firmly by shrewd men, who saw that it was really the key of the whole situation. When, at length, the mon opolists saw tliis the'- took out an injunction to prevent the railroad company running a through line of steamers between New York and San Francisco. The injunction business is a specialty of the New York courts. But the consequence was the organ ization of a new corporation called the Panama Transit Company, against which no injunction can work, and to this company has been transferred all the business of the companies connect ing with the Panama Kailroad at Aspin wall, as well as the local business of the Isthmus, both hitherto monopolized by the Pacific Mail steamers, to which tlity will now be lost. The charter of the company names so many ports to be connected by steamers that it is evident the contest is intended to be a great one. The only ports named in the Atlantic in the western hemis phere arc Havana and Matanzas, in the island of Cuba. But on the west coast of South America are named Callao, Pisco, Islay, Arica, Ico, in Peru ; Cobiga, in Bolivia ; Copiapo, Caldera, Coquimbo and Valparaiso, in Chili, and some other ports which we cannot fix, from which it is evident that "the lines running from New York to Havana, Matanzas and Aspinwall will connect with lines running along the 'west coast south from Panama to Val paraiso. No ports arc named in Mexico or Central America, but San Luis Obispo and Santa Barbara, in Califor nia, are named, and Portland, in Ore gon, Victoria, in British Columbia, "Sitka, in Alaska, Honolulu, in the Sandwich Islands, Melbourne and Sidney, in Australia, Yokohama, Hiogo and Nagasaki in Japan, the British Islands of Hong Kong, Shanghai, in China, Liverpool, London and South ampton, in England, St. Nazaire and Havre, in France, and Hamburg in 'Germany. No statement is made as to how "these lines are to be run. The European Jines may be run either direct to and -from Aspinwall or from New York, and the Asiatic, Australia and Honol 'ulu lines either direct from Panama or via San Francisco. To run them all direct to end from the Isthmus would require the command of great capital and a much larger fleet of veseels'than the Pacific Mail possesses. Neverthe less such a project is an ultimate pos sibility. The true basis of trade for the Panama route does not seem to have occurred to the projectors of the Transit Company. We refer to the business that might be gathered up at Boston, Philadelphia, Baltimore and New Orleans. These cities all maintan a regular trade with Havana and Matanzas, to which ports the steamers of the Transit Company will ply. 'They would also zealously co-operate in any enterprise looking to the devel opment -of the South American trade. The Australian steamship business --is in the hands of the Pacific Mail Company, under a subsidy from the Australian government, and also tlm lines to Japan, China, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska. Nevertheless the Transit Company has opened the ball in earnest, the steamship South' . Carolina having sailed from New York forP'inama via the Straits of Magellan. kcZ JUT T A -- -v-vv A - -J J.1. X 1 ?1 1 .se j.u la rtimuuiiueu. uiau sue win go- irther than Panama, wa infrvf!uif lewill open -the line down the west coast of South America. Steamers 'will be run -eemi-monthly from New York to Aspinxrall.to connect with this line, the first boat leaving New York -April 7th. The South Carolina has a -capacity of ilOO tons cargo, one hun 'dred cabin passengers and two hundred steerage -passengers, and there will be :five-uch ships on the -lme. JBut the company is to build .within a year five new steamers, of 4,000 tons burthen each, and when they are ready the trips will be weekly. Thomas Clyde, of Philadelphia, is President of the company, and William P. Clyde, general manager. None of the stock is for sale. It is idle to spec ulate upon the probable result of a contest upon so vast a scale and where so much is at stake. If both companies could become permanent and develop American maritime enterprise as the Peninsular and Oriental Steamship Company of England has done,"it woidd beagood thing for American commerce. That the result will be to break the monopoly of the through business between San Francisco imd New York we think certain. If the new com pany shall be conductedupon true mercantile principles it will be a great aicl to American commerce with South Amer ica, Australia and Asia. South Amer ican trade has been so largely controlled by British steamship lines that any effort at American competition is most desirable. Telegraphic News. Continuation of Press Dispatches Dom Pedro Detained by a bovine. The Bull that bucked the train off the track found at Last. San Francisco News. Chinese Quarters Destroyed by Fire. The Degraded race Removed J from Antioch. Tne Chinese Abominetion "in British Columbia. Doni Pedro -was stopped on the route eastward at Promontory point, C.P.R., by a mad bull that had wrecken a freight train which 'blockad up the road. Two men on me wrecked tram were killed. The burning of Chinatown, at Antioch California, on Monday last, and the driving out of every last Chinese inhabitant, was based upon the fact several boys had vis ited a Chinese house of prostitution in the den-row, and were in conse quence under medical treatment. Not a Chinese tenement was left standing, and Antioch is now free from the degraded class. The autorities at San Francis co have at last lost faith in prom ises oi tne Unmese companies, to care for their paupers, and will turn the heathens out of the -nest- 'house to-da3r, except where the dis ease consists ol leprosy. These will be forced to return to China, as soon as possible.- In the Victoria house, on the 2d a resolution was passed consid ering the exi)ediency of taking steps ior preventing the country TYEALER IN PAINTS, OILS, VAR iroin being flooded with Chinese. I J nishes, Brushes, It Was "ifchrmo-Tltr fhff. flin rmnuiln-n I . must soon assume a serious form in British Columbia. A large as semblage of citizens at the Thea tre, the Mayor presiding, consid ered the question also, and endors ed a petition to the legislature to I impose a tax on each Chinaman! entering the gold diggings. One of the speakers was greetyd by groaning and hicses for dof ending the Chinese. An eminent French physi cian thinks that tho decrease of dyspepsia and'billious affections in Paris is owing to the increased i consumption of apples, which fruit, he maintains, Js admirably . prophylactic and tonic, as well as ' a very nourishing and easily digest ! ed article of food. ; "White Pine has turned out 2,607,000 billion the past four years; 1872 S7:i8,5061874 $508,000 . 1873 4U3,fe(M)lb75 SiS.liOO -ToteLfounyeaH $2H)7,000 B. HAMBURGER MERCHANDISE 1876. spring 1876. Received ex-Steamer a larre o t Assortment of Clothing, Hats and Caps, Boots and Shoes. Matting, Oil Cloths, All -of the Latest Styles and low price. Call and see. B. HAMBURGER, Main street, Astoria, Oregon. MISCELLANEOUS. Globe Hotel N. KOEFCED Proprietor. Cor. Concomly and Alain Sts, ASTORIA OREGON. TIIS OLD AND WELL KNOWN STAND is ono of tho best and most convenient llotels for .Mechanics, and has excellent facili ties for tho accommodation of tho traveling public, in connection with tho Hotel is A First Class Restaurant, .Where meals can -bo had at all hours. There 'is also a MILLIARD AND BAR ROOaE Attached to the Hotel, whore tho choicest qualities of Wines, Liquors and Cigars may bo obtained. Farm for Sale. 320 Acres Partly Under Cultiva tion, about half of the tract tide land. SITUATED IN .PACIFIC COUNTY, NEAR UNITY, Will bo sold cheap fortjasb, with or without stock. Good houso and out buildings and orchard, Eor full description and. further par ticulars apply to or address .JOHN lllLXTER. Unity, W, T. p II. PAGE --CO., DEALERS IN General Merchandise, FARMERS WHARF, ASTORIA OREGON. iW All kinds of country produce, wanted ic exchange for goods. W. E. DEMENT, DRUGGIST. CIIEXAIMX'S STREET, ASTORIA. NEXT DOOR TO 1. W. CASE'S PATENT MEDICINES, TOILET AND FANCY ARTICLES. Wines and Liquors SSal Prescriptions Carefully Compounded. RARE OPPORTUNITY For Profitablelnvestment I offer for sale all my real etatin Clatsop Lonnty,'Consitinsdf my original Donation claim, on Lewis and Clarke river,-consisting pf live hundred acres tid eland meadow, ac knowledged'to be the'-faest stock claim in tho county. Also, a .largo interest -in tho- Upper lown of Astoria, a portion of John Adair's do nation claim. inquire of tho subscriber. T. 1 POWERS. BILLS OF LADING, WAY BILLS, cial FIELD, -FLOWER -AND GARDEN seedy, Oregon ana California, in :full supply, fresh and nice-ftt WVtCase1. mmwmm Printinc dono sif. fh AcHrlun nmnn CALL, EXAMINE, ORDER MISCELLANEOUS. Occident Hotel, Astoria, Oregon. Tho Proprietors aro happy to announce that tho above Hotel has been Repainted and Refurnished, Adding greatly to tho comfort of its guests- AN! IS NOW THE BEST HOTEL NORTH OF SAN FRANCISCO. A. J. MEGLER, C. S". WEIGHT, Proprietors. S. KINSEY, ONTHE ROADWAY, NEAR HUME & Co's. CANNERY, Astoria, Oregon, DEALER DT Building Materials OF EVERY KIND. Nails of All' Descriptions. DOORS AND WINDOWS, RUSTIC, FLOORING, BLINDS, MOULDING, SASH, ETC. j Wines and Liquors BY THE BOTTLE OR THE GALLON Custom made boots and Shoes. i . t Tobacco of Fine Quality. 1 X3j This stock is in every respect Al, and will be sold at the lowest prices for cash, Give rao a call at tho new store, on tho Roadway. S. KIXSEY, Astoria, Oregon. N 4 THE MOST EXTENSIVE .p . AND n Best Assorted Stock . "fWv 'an Ic foimrt at fE.S. LARSEN'S LJ Main Street, Q iC Between Chenamus and 0 3Pifc Squomoqha streets, Mls ASTORIA, OREG ON. NSiSt Large Invoice . i just rece'ved f t Ex-Steamer. Jk Call ? & an PETER RUNEY, ASTORIA, OREGON, BHICK LAYER, jiL- And Plain and ORNAMENTAL PLASTERER, Orders left at the Occident Hotel Promptly Attended to. REFERENCES: J. Ii. Knapp, Knapptmi ; Capt. J. West, West Prt;ll. JJ. Parker, S. X. Arrigoni, Ilobum ,fc awn, J. Budollet t Co. Axtoria; J. jr. fc T'. Conk, Clifton; Jo. II time. Eureka; Ii. Watson tfc Co. Manhattan; J. L. Hep mm, Glen Ella; J. G. Majler ,t- Co. Lrookfield, and numerous others for xchoin I have Built Furnaces, set Ranees, and Kettles, and "Spread the Mort!" During my 12 years Residence in Oregon, LIME, SAXD, BRICK, :PLASTER, Lath, Cement, and all materials in my line, furnished to order. '"Special attention paid to Furnaco work and Ranges. Cistern vrork warranted pood, or no pay. 1ETJEB KUNJEl", Astoria, Oregon. WM. EDGAU, . rS&JPCT Main and Chenamus StreotK, ASTORIA OREGON. DEALER IX THE CHOICEST BRANDS OF Tobacco and Cigars, and the G-eiMrine Wo s ten holm, and other English Cutlery. Fairchilds Gold Pens. And all sort" of STATIONERY, NOTIONS ETC. ASTORIA LAUNDRY, Cor. of Chenamus and'Polkts. T m T.T-&T0iA OREGON. J. T. EORCHERS, Proprietor. Nusnin,sr and Ironing,. Fluiting.ic.,dono ai mis xiaunuri' oy clean, wiiito libor. ,- f3J T.Borchors still manufactures and has for sale -gg place rtfffitfb If. T. BOBCHKRS, IiniltljjprjQL -TTSrfi, GENT'S FURNISHING GOODS. MENDLES0N BROS., Having Concluded to Remain in Business AT ASTORIA, HAVE LAID IN - A SPLENDID STOCK OF SPBIjYG ; s UMMER GOODS! DESIGNED ESPECIALLY FOR THE ASTORIA TRADE. A complete assortment OF FISHERMEN'S OUTFITTING GOODS JUST OPENED E&"Tho nilblm In fnnrnl rt-rn -rnmnnffn'Mr. invited to call at tho old stand, on Coxcoaily oniKET, next door to I'nrkcr House. MFXI)Li:SO. BROS. MISCELLANEOUS. ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, Xotnry Pnblic and Coniini.ssiouer r 1EEDS5 For California and Washington Territory. OFFICE. Case's Building, comer Cass and Chenamus streets, Astoria, Oregon. F. CRANG, M. D. Surgeon, Etc., ASTORIA, 0REG0X. At tho solicitation of numerous friends, has consented to practico medicine, and tenders his services to tho public. Dr. Crang brings many years experience in the practice of his profession. T W. ROBB, Attorney at Law, " ASTORIA, OREGON. KSOffico in Warren & McGuiro'a building, opposite Occident Hotel, Chenamus street. Mrs. Pangbiom, Masonic Hall Building, Astoria, DEALER IN Fancy -Goods, Ladies Dress and Cloak Trimmings of the Lastest Style. WILL ATTEND to ORDERS for DRESS and Cloak matting. ork will bo done in a satisfactory manner. i!57 Agent for tho sale of Dr."VarnerTs Sani tary Corsets, andvilso Children's Waists with patent elastic buckles. ISP !W AND ELEGANT STOCK OF Latest Styles of Millinery Goods, JUST RECEIVED BY THE LAST STEAMER, At tho Rooms of Mrs. A. D. WASS, (Up Stairs, Brown's Building,) Corner Main and Chenamus Streets, Astoria, JRST This stock consists of tho latest style Hats, for Ladies and Children; Dress Trim mings and Fancy Goods for Ladio3, which will be sold at very low prices. DRESS UD CLOAK ualrom,,tly attcnded NEW MILLINERY STORE. Mrs. H. A. Derby, (Late of CLEVELAND, OHIO,') WISHES TO ANNOUNCE TO THE PUB lic of Astoria and surrounding country, thutsho hasiust received a full and rnumlntf Llino of .HATS, TKIMMSNGS. And all kinds of MILLINERY GOODS1 At the stand recently occupied by Miss Mor rison on MAIN STREET, Astoria, And will bo prepared to fill all orders for first class goods'in this lino atrca-onablo prices. KSNew goods will borecoived overy month. "jyEAV FURNITURE STORE. Cor. Main and Chemocqha Sts., CHASSTOLL.t x w (Successor tc Gist & StolJ ASTORIA OREGON PARLOR SETTS BED-ROOM SETTS, DINING-ROOM SETTS, KITCHEN SETTS, OFFICE FURNITURE, ETC., BSr Of the very best quality, supplied to order at prices that will justify the patronago of this home institution. Persons wishing any article in the furniture lino will find itto their advantage to give mo a call, and inspect my stock and prices before purchasing elsewhere. B55 Undertaker's Work promptly attended to, at reasonable rates. ONE HALLS FTRE PROOF SAFE, with Combination Lock, in good o tier, for saleeheap, at I. "WvJpa&e,i. - . -. j. a.