A.storia, Oregon. Saturdav Morning, May 7, 1881.
FROM MICHIGAN TO ALASKA.
I10W THE BOVXDARY LIXE BE
TWEEN AMERICA AND BRIT
ISH TERRITORY IS MARKED.
New York lici-aiti.
Xot one in a thousand, perhaps,
of the fifty millions of people
living in the United States knows
how their country is bounded ori
the line between the United States
and the British territory. It will
be interesting, therefore, to know
how the northern boundary has
been traced and marked. The
work is now completed, except as
to the territory of Alaska, ceded
by Russia to us under the treaty
of ISO?. Ever since the treaty of
Ghent we have been establishing
our northern boundary with Brit
ain until a year or two ago, when
the work was finally completed by
a joint commission, consisting of
Maj. Donald R. Cameron, Royal
artillery: Capt. S. Anderson, Koyal
engineers, and Capt. A. 0. Ward,
Royal engineer.'-, for Great Britain,
and Archibald Campbell and Capt.
V. J. Twining, United States
army, for our government. The
commission experienced consider
able difficulty in discharging their
duties from the errors committed
by former commissioners. In
April, . 1870, while engaged in
locating a military reservation for
A I'ost .iar i'ciiib!ii:i
Our engineers discoveied that the
commonly received boundary line
between the British possessions
and the United States at that
place was 4,700 feet south of the
forty-ninth parallel, and if run on
west from such an initial point,
would throw the fort of the Hud
sons bay company at Pembina
into the United States. Here was
indeed a difficulty, and the officers
at once communicated the facts to
the government. The President,
Gen. Grant, sent the information
to the British government, and
Great Britain requested the con
sent of the United States to occupy
the fort of the Hudsons bay com
pany until the matter could be
determined. Of course, such a
reasonable request was at once
granted. The President then sent
a message to congress recommend
ing ihe establishment of a joint
commission to fix the true boundary-line
between the two coun
tries, and congress assented, ap
propriating $100,000 by joint
resolution to carry out the work.
The appropriation was not availa
ble until 1S72, when the. work was
begun, as above stated, by a joint
commission of the two govern
ments. The Northern Kiciudury
Is marked by stone cairns, iron pil
lars, wood piljars, earth mounds
and timber posts. A stone cairn
is seven and one-half feet by eight
feet, an earth mound seven feet by
fourteen feet, an iron pillar ejght
feet high, eight inches square at
the bottom and four inches at the
top, timber posts eight feet high
and eight inches square. There
are 328 of these marks between
the Lake of the "Woods and the
base of the Rocky mountains.
That portion of the boundary that
lies east and west of the Red river
valley, is marked by cast-iron pil
lars at even mile intervals. The
British placed one every two miles
and the United States one between
each British post. Our pillars are
hollow iron castings, three eights
of an inch in thickness, in the form
of a truncated pyramid, eight feet
high, eight inches square at the
bottom and four inches at the top.
They have at the top a solid pyra
midal cap, and at the bottom an
octagonal flange one inch in thick
ness, ijpon the opposite faces are
cast in letters two inches high the
inscriptions, "Convention of Lon
don," and "October 20, 1818."
The inscriptions begin about four
feet six inches above the base and
read upward. The interiors of
The Hollow Posls
Are filled with well seasoned cedar
posts, sawed to fit and securely
spiked through spike holes cast in
the pillars for the purpose. The
average weight of eaclfpillar when
completed is eighty-five pounds.
The pillars are it four feet in the
ground, with tleii inscription faces
to the north and south, and the
earth well settled and tamped
about them. For the wooden
posts, well seasoned logs are
selected and the portion above the
ground painted red. to prevent
swelling and shrinking. These
posts do very well, but the
Indians cut them down for fuel,
and nothing but iron will last very
long. Where the line crosses
lakes, monuments of stone have
been built, the base being in some
places eighteen feet under water,
and the top pi ejecting eight feet
above the lake surface at high
water maik. In forests the line is
marked by felling the timber a rod
wide and clearing away the under
brush. The work of cutting
through the timbered swamps was
very great, but it has been well
done and the boundary distinctly
marked by the commissioners the
whole distance from Michigan to
The Nation inserts the following
edifying paragraph from Karl
Faulimums Ulustrirte Cultur-Ges-chichte.
Tin column headed
Amerikunitich is given in all
earnestness ., a .specimen of the
English spoken in America, while
opposite is placed what the author
considers the correct English
equivalent. The italics are eurs:
I Iihi on liuuiy lecdly n
Vol mues sImt to my'kuce.
Dor qiieeiesl sehaj). ilerVreati'st rojjuc,
Asofex on Iit.ee;
lie runs and sclnuup-. ami xHiihksIn's
J all harts ofl'der Imnse
Hal vot oil dot V In vos in- mii,
"Miwleedle Yawcoh Strauss.
I have out' funny little boy
What yumes jnt to inykwv.
The queerest shape, the jnetct iojjhc.
Aft ever you did see:
lie runs and 'limits and summits thins;-.
In all parts of the house.
IJut what of that.' lie icrnt my son.
My little .Jacob Strauss.
News or Not
In its brags that in regard to
news Seattle is ahead of Walla
walla twenty-four hours the Post
makes? what is known to be a mis
take. The Statesman publishes all
the dispatches which are of any ac
count the same day as the Oregon
ian. Trash we leave out. What
docs it interest the people to know
that a horse fell into the Missouri
river at New Orleans and was
nearly drowned? Yet such is the
stuff that the Post and Oregonian
boast so much and attempt metro
politan airs about. Make a news
paper, gentlemen, by giving your
readers plenty of home news, etc.,
and you need not care for dispatch
es so much.
A celebrated German physician
has advocated a new theory, and
that is that all food should be
eaten raw instead of being cooked,
and he claims that if his instruc
tions are carried out, and meat and
vegetables are eaten in their natu
ral state, there will be no more
sickness, and that people will die
of old age rather than disease.
The thing looks feasible, but we
should like to see the German doc
tor trying his own theory, for in
stance on bologna sausage, and
have to catch his dog:.
Peruvian Hit tern.
The Count Cinchon was the .Spanish
Viceroj in Pern in HBO. The ('ountct.s.
his wile, was prostrated Ji an intermit
tent fever, from a hich she was freed by
the use of the native remedy, the Peru
vian bark, or. as it was called in the
language r the country, "Quinquina."
Grateful for her reeoerj, on her return
to Euroj-e in lft:2. she introduced tiie
remedy in Spain, where it was known
under ariou names, until Juuneus
called it Cinchona, in honor of the lady
w ho had brought them that which was
more precious than the gold of thelncas.
To this day. after a lapse of two ban
died and lifty years, science 1ku given
us nothing to take its place. It effectu
ally cures a morbid appetite for stimu
lants, by restoring the natural tone of
the stomach. It attacks excessive love
of liquor as it does a fever, and destroys
both alike. The powerful tonic virtue
of the Cinchona is preserved in the
Peruvian Bitters, which are as effective
against malarial fever to-day as thev
were in the das of the olil Spanish
Viceroys. We guarantee the ingredi
ents of these bitters to be absolutely
pure, and of the best known quality.
A trial will satisfy you that this is the
best bitter in the world. 'The proof of
the pudding is in the eating,' aud we
willingly abide this test. For sale by
all druggists, grocers and liquor dealers.
Have Wistar's balsam of wild cherry
alwa3s at hand. It cures coughs, colds,
bronchitis, whooping cough, croup, in
fluenza, consumption, and all throat and
luug complaints. 30 cents andSl a bottle.
A EOLD SPECULATOR.
How a Fortune Was Acquired in
Thirty Days in the Oil Region.
Titu-rillPi Pa.) Herald.
During the first oil excitement a
young man came to Oil city with
25 ; but he wore pood clothes,
had a good education and plenty
of cheek. After surveying the
situation for a day or two he con
cluded to speculate, aud finding a
fanner who had not yet leased or
sold his land, he represented him
self as an nsrent for a wealthy
company, with instructions to buy
up land. The farmer was rather
reluctant about selling, but finally
terms were agreed upon and the
papers were drawn up and signed.
Twenty dollars were paid down to
bind the bargain; 5,000 more
were to be paid in thirty days, and
85,000 more in six months. lie
had but 5 to meet an obligation
of $10,000, but not despairing, he
quietly awaited the completion of
a well that was being drilled near
his new purchase. The well was
finished in five days after the sale
and proved to be a good one. He
was offered $20,000 for the farm;
but 10.000 clear gain in five days
did not tempt him to sell, for an
other well was being drilled on
the adioiuinjr farm, and should it
nrnvn tn ln i Win- nrnducpp hi!
proe to be a Dig producer nib
land would be very valuable. Un
the other hand, should it be a
duster, he could not even get as'
much for the farm as he had agreed
, . r, .,, , ,. , ,i 1
to pay for it. Still, he did not sell,
and the time passed rapidly away.
Only a few days remained before
he would have to pay 5,000,
or the sale would he canceled.
Twenty-eight days had passed and j
tne wen was not uown yet, ai-;
though thc' expected to reach the ;
oil rock every hour. On thenight
of the 20th dav he sat up in the )
derrick with the drillers, for thev;
knew they were within a few feet
of the sand. Midnight came and
the hands were relieved by another
force. His last day had come and
was wearing away, and he knew
that the farmer would not wait one
minute lonjjcr than the law re
quired him, for he had several j N,At ,,,,or tu cs & vh store.
times been ofTcred a larger amount j oppvdtr the Kelt Tower.
for the land. At two o'clock the O PILES.
sand was reached, and the well! Tlie un.IeiMKueOU prepare.! to farnub
n roved to bo the largest nroducer a,lar number of Spiles aud Spars at his
proeu to ou uit, urgiL prouueer. jreon .short notice, at reasonable rate.
yet struck in the new field. The Wto 'umbffot-.
news of the new well rapidly " " ""
spread, aud by noon the next day ' jIRb. H. A. DERBx;,
a number of wealthy oil men wore
on the ground, anxious to secure Isoxichau. - ASTOi:iA.oi:Kf;ox.
the adjacent territory. That day' wm upcu hrr neii snick
the young man sold his farm of n mi. 2 tr ri mm
110,crc5 for 1,000 per acre,' Oil TuBAy, Infy 5tll, 1881.
clearing in thirty days 100,000, cuusLmii.b .f
with a capital of 23 to start on. j
i , A FINK ASSOIJTMKNT OF
Mr. choirs work. j The Josephine Seamless Kid Gloves
A want wanted is a perfect word
photograph of Clatsop county,! Warranted to be the best in the market.
thoroughly circulated broadcast as ! Also, a large assortment of
a people's letter to an enquiring!
world. AVe believe that Mr. M. ! Infants Wear and Ladies Dres-
Choir of Seattle, who is now inter-'
viewing our city, has the very best s,n9 Saques.
method, everything considered,
that can be adopted. lie has 1 - lan; variet of
choseu as a life task the publica-
tion of a perpetual serial in uni- NEW MILLINERY GOODS
form book style, of a fresh, new
volume every year, at $1 per copy.
His scope of travel embraces Ore
gon, Washington, Idaho, Untish
vuiuuiuia unu niushu, ui which nis
-Year-book" will be currently!
recognized as standard authority;
time, money and proficiency will j
be liberally expended to acquire
and retain that distinction. His
plan is to contract, by individual j
cooperation with each subscriber,
f1. U:.. I A l-.l.. ...! I. t-
anu tuus tne entire county, to ,
write up a pamphlet, under "their J
immeuiaie directions ana personal
orders, which will be joined with
all the other counties in the same
book, free of charge. The bulk,
artistic qualities, eta. of said chap
ter, to be regulated according to
the number of books engaged,
singly and aggregated in a single
locality. A "room" will be an
nually set olf for the exclusive c-
cupany of our firemen of all the.
different towns, who are expected j
to engage a satisfactory represen-.
tation therein, as the prices of J
photo-portraits printing, etc., is
less than cost of production. He
will also establish an incorporated!
,.,.., . . - r.. , y J
historical society for Clatsop coun-
tv. Everybody can join that'
wishes to; no loss of valuable time
or money required! He has se
cured the services of tho finest
photo-steel plate engravers in the
world, and will get up and add to
the book any size and modern
style of picture work at less than
original cost. We heaitily recom
mend this enterprise, and think
that every thinking person will do
the same, as it will btand the tei-t
of scrutiny and probity. Any
further information can he had
from the publisher, by leaving
word at this office.
Notice to the Public.
The poor, unfortunate young man
that lost Iils leg last summer in the
Fishermens cannery has now, with the
help of friends, started a small store,
where he keeps tobacco, cigars, pipes,
cutlery, etc. He is unable to do hard
wok, and must make out the best he
can. Give him a call, boys, he keeps
the best brands of tobacco and cigars.
Water street, opposite O. R. & X.
Co. s Dock.
Offlres to Kent.
Single or in suites of two, iu The
Astokiax building. Prices reasonable.
.Mothers! Mother ! ! Mother ! !,
Are you disturbed at night and broken
of your re)t by a .siek child .suffering
and crying with the excruciating pain
of cutting teeth? If o, go at once and
get a Iwttleof Mrs. Winslow'.s Soothing
Syrup, it will relieve the ioor Httlo suf
ferer immediately depend upon it;
there is no mistake about it. There is
not a mother on earth who has ever
ibed it. who will not tll jou at once
that it will regulate the bowels, and
give reMt to the mother, and relief and
health to the child. operating like magic.
It is perfectly &afe to use in all eases
and pleasant to the taste, and is the pre
scription of one ot the olde.-t and het
female physicians and nurse in the
United States. Sold everywhere. i5
j cents a bottle.
1'reniature I,os or Unit
Nowadays may be entirely prevented
bj tne US of ijurncirs (Voainc. It
has been used in thousands of cases
where the hair wa coming out ix hand
fuls, and has never failed to arrest its
decay: it promotes a healthy and igor-
nn rrmurlli. nml it ic nt flu e"iirr fim
un rival ed as a soft ami gIosy dres-ing
for the hair,
Burnett's flavoring extracts are the
SSS. iniiu. .om
y jg ARE HERE
K COlftjyPO STAY.
11 A V
Our beginning is -.mail, but by inakiu,
ginning is Miinll. but by innkin al
ia and of the purest aim best mate
rim. MeaskaMinreof jour natrMiaseat the
Asioria Ganfly Factory,
rurvbawri by herself
- -r,l. , I . 1 V .J,
g Ribbons, Rnchings.
tt-"i UUUUU3' ttUt,uuos'
nn ru tu
llarS' EtC" EtC"
aix STKKCT. - astokia.okkkox.
prnr AX1 RFF, TT . , t
BOTTLE BEER DEPOT.
TieJiest of lMgei'.l CI a. a Glass
Orders for the
Celeliratefl ColnMa Brewery
lIt at thLs place will be promptly attend
E-No cheap SanFrancUco Beer sold at
W3I. BOCK. Proprietor.
Contractors and Builders,
ceitXEi: astei: and cass stkeets.
v- r- .11.
Near Congregational Church,
-u-"c '"" r"auJ uirecmi- mmior an
Contracts taken to build and repair
smrs, norsEs, boats, etc..
at mhyest eates.
SDoors and Wlndow'Trames made to
I THE NEWS! I
WELCOME TO ALL !
TI1K FISHING SEASON HAS OPENED AND SO HAS THE POPULAR
I CLOTHING STORE I
: OpeneU the largest and le:t :
selected stock of :
Genis furnishing Goods,
BOOTS AND SHOES,
TRUNKS AND VALISES, HATS AND CAPS,
-AND THE BEST-
KUBBER BOOTS, ETC.,
IVIIfCII Wir.I, BE SOLD AT SAX FKAXCISCO WHOLESALE PRICES.
REMEMBER THIS IS HO HUMBUG.
HAVING MADE ARRANGEMENTS IN NEW YOU K AND SAN FRAN
CISCO FOR THE PURCHASE OF ALL MY GOODS, 3IY
FACIL1TIES FOR BUYING ARE SUCH
AS TO ENABLE ME TO
Undersell all Others. I Defy Competition.
GREAT SURPRISE AT TnE
v a :
! San Francisco Store ! !
UKRE ARE PRICES OF GOODS THAT WILL SURPRISE ALL.
MENS AND BOYS
CASIMERE SUITS FROM- $ 8 00 TO 15 00
EXTRA BEST SUITS 12 00 "20 00
FINE BLACK SUITS is 00 "25 00
DIAGONAL SUITS 15 00 22 00
CASIMERE PANTS ..2 50 "4 00
EXTRxV BEST PANTS" 4 00 "5 50
BOYS SUITS. ALL SORTS, FROM GOO "12 00
OVERALLS FROM CO CTS. TO Si 00
JUMPERS " CO " "1 00
ALL WOOL SOCKS 20 " " 25
CHECKER SOCKS. SIX PAIR FOR 1 00
COTTON SOCKS, THREE PAIR FOR - 25
WHITE SHIRTS FROM 90 " " 175
COLORED " " 75 " " I 50
CASDIERE" " SI 50 - " :j 00
FLANNEL u - 1 00 - " 1 75
BLUE NAVY - 2 00 - -2 50
FLANNEL UNDERSHIRTS AND DRAWERS FROM 125 ' - 2 25
COTTON.FLAXNEL SHIRTS AND DRAWERS CO -
MARINO SHIRTS AND DRAWERS 50
LONG OIL COATS FROM 3 50 TO 4 50
OIL JUMPERS - 2 75 " 3 00
BOOTS AND SHOES.
MENS CALF BOOTS FROM S3 CO TO 4 50
MENS KIT BOOTS - 2 75 - 4 00
ELASTIC GAITERS - 175 2 50
BUCKLE SHOES - 2 25 ' 3 -J5
MENS SLIPPERS - 50 " 100
BOYS BOOTS - 125 u 175
I HAVE THIS SPRING STRAINED EVERY XERVE AND USED MY
ENTIRE ENERGY AND BEST JUDGMENT IN PLACING IN OUR AS
TORLV HOUSE THE LARGEST AND MOST COMPLETE ASSORTMENT
OF THE ABOVE LINE OF GOODS.
CALL AND INSPECT FOR YOURSELF. YOU ARE WELCOME.
I WILL GLADLY SHOW MY GOODS, 2HO MATTER WHETHER YOU
BUY OR NOT. NEW GOODS BY' EVERY' STEAMER.
- San Francisco Store. Squcraocqha street, next door to Taga Allen's store, north of
Walla-walla Kpstauranr, Astoria Oregon.
j Q. A. BOWLBY.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Chenanuu Street. - ASTOKIA.. OREGOr
p W FUIiTON".
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
AhTOIHA --- OREGON
Ofllce over Page & Allen'a store, Cass street
"P C. HOLDEX.I
AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN
A VAN DUSEN.
Cbenamus Street, near Occident Hotel.
Agent Wells, Fargo & Co.
Tjl P. HICKS.
ASTORIA. ---- OREGON.
Rooms In Allen's building up stairs, cornr
of Cass and Sqemocqhe streets.
TK. St. O. JEXXIXGS.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
Graduate University of Virginia, 186S
Physician to Bay View hospital, Baltimore
OKFiCE-In Page & Allen's building, up
TxVY TL'TTLE, M. I.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
Ofkick Over the White House Store.
Re-sidkxck Next door to Mrs. irunsons
boardins; hous Chenamus street. Astort
T . OltCIIABI),
T" A. XcIXTOSII.
Occident Hotel liuilding.
ASTORIA .-- OREGON
n. baitv & co..
Doorn, WiiulowH, Blinds. Tran
horih. liumbor, Ete.
All kinds of Oak Lumber, Glass, Boat Ma
Steam Mill near Weston hotel. Cor. Gen
erive and Astor streets.
J G. FAIRFOWL & SON,
STEVEDORES AND RIGGERS
Portland and Astoria. Orotron.
Rofer by periniwionto Kosen.MeyeraACo,
Allen & Lewia.CorbittiMaalaay,
IJHIiEXJIAJtT Jk. SCIIOEXE.
Occident Hotel Hair Dressing Saloon
ASTORIA - OREGON.
Hot, Cold, Shower,
Meant and Salphnr
jySpecial attention given toladles'anfl
children's hair cutting,
rriyate Eutrance for Ladies.
BOOT AM) S1IOK
CiiKXAMUtt Stkkkt. opposite Adler's Book
store, - Astoiua. OREOOX.
Brprfect fin guarautced. All wort
warranted. Give me .1 trial. All orders
VT. U 31'CARK,
J. A. BROYTN
KROWX &. MeCAJBE,
STEVEDORES AND RIGGERS.
A-storia offlcc At K. C. Holden's Auction
store. Portland offlce--24 B street. 13-tt
T. F. CULLEN and C E. BARNES
VIOLIN, PIANO, GUITAR, COR
NET AND BANJO,
Would like .1 few pupils on either of thu
Terms Eight lessons fr live dollars.
SS'-Orders left at Stevens & Sons book
store will be promptly attended to-
AT MUSIC HALL,
3E3. u.. QTJIKnNr.
x Airs, aou. FEED A2I HAY
Cash paid for country produce. Small
prollts on cash sales. Astona, Oregon, cor
ner of Main and Squemocohe streets.
I. W. CASE,
IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE AND RE
TAIL DEALER IN
Corner Chenamus and Cass streets.
ASTORIA - - - OREGON.
Wm. Houseman of Portland
ECS LEAVE TO NOTIFY HIS friends
and customers that he has opened
A FISHERMAN'S CLOTHING
AND FURNISHING GOODS STORE
Xet to G. VT. Hume's grocery store.
F. HOUSEMAN, Agent
THE DEW DROP INH !
Oh, fishermen, all hear the good netvs !
A fine saloon is .started with best of
Liquors, Wines and Beer,
AND FINE FREE LUNCH UNGUARDED.
The liranfletit Caviar and Cheese,
IN SANDWICH THICK AND THIN
And will yon spend a pleasant hour, drop in
at the DEW DROP INN on Concomly street.
J. T. B0B0HEB3,
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