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wrrrenwraa gte gnifij gVstaciatu ASTORIA. OREGON: paint for his house twenty-five per cent, more, the clothing for himself J and family twenty, thirty or forty I NEW ADVERTISEMENTS. MISCELLANEOUS. MISCELLANEOUS. -Jacfems $8 jper cent. more. Everything is tllsuay on . io, i8si dearor wWch ho has t0 buys wWlo i the wheat which he sells is not nil- j ! vanced in price one penny. For his wheat is not and cannot J. F. HAIXOBAX Editor. The "Protected" Farmer. What is our tariff? Our tariff is a system of duties paid at our Custom houses in money on goods brought into the country fronrforeign countries. The objects of tariff are twofold. (1.) One object is to raise ' money to carry on our government. This is a good object. (2.) The second object is to keep out of our country certain foreign goods, so as to induce men to make them in this country. Let us see in what way this ob ject is attained, and whether the result is good or bad for the American farmer. Of course, says the Free Trade Bulletin, our people who want a certain kind of goods must either buy them abroad or make them at home; and it is an inducement to make and sell them here, if the goods brought in from abroad are taxed by duties, while the goods made here are not taxed. This is a simple statement of what is called the doctrine of protection of home industry. To change that statement a little, the tariff duties which keep out, or tend to keep out, foreign goods, allows our manufacturers to sell their goods without foreign competition, and, therefore, at higher prices; and if the manufacturers can get higher prices from our people, they will, of course, be willing to make the goods for which high prices are. to be paid. Now, who gets the benefit, and who suffers the harm of these high prices? The man who gets the benefit is surely the maker of the goods, who sells them at the high price; and the man who suf fers the harm is the buyer of the high-priped goods. Such a man is the farmer. Let us give a very simple exam ple. A pocketknife could be brought over from Sheffield, in England, and sold in Chicago, if there was no tariff tax, for, say, thirty-five cents. Hut the import er find be "protected." The price of grain is fixed in the world's market and caTinot be ruled by the tariff of any particular country. For whose benefit, then, is the tariff of this country maintained? The manufacturers may profit b such an unjust arrangement, but certainly the farmer does not. Tie is taxed that others may grow rich. This is the whole tariff question in a nutshell, so far as it bears upon our farmers. Is it not about time that the farmers cracked the nut, and got his fair share of the kernel. Wanted. V 1'K Ix. Cannerv in isritt-li Columbia, ben ices required at :ice. Aophretion to he in by lcUer, uirinxinc rrferenriw ami tonus. Address-. TTKNKK KKKTOX A. Co.. iltf Yietonii. SC H W ATK A; -AT LIBERTY JJALLa . . ALLEN. i H. VOK. I eo, ' B"!? . n.m w rsas'x -is. age a Wholesale and Retail Deafer (sweiwsnn i n n. s. j.ai:.-s:n.) WholeMJleaud rMiiH OVjihM-ctii GROCERIES.' TIISBll,0V.15TH.;flrtMrfMf t wlihll titu- ' Lieut. Schuatka, tin- disiiiiKHished evploierj and discoeier will dellwr a lertr.re on i Provisions, TAimber. ' ' A (11 fi JBKsaK KI$jfll8iE5l 'Wi$35W'-- Sc? )iS&?&S-'z7 - -- "Si ontgozneipy III lUlit IN Tin. Sheet Iron and Copper Ware. V C.et iral Assortment of HOUSEHOLD GOODS. Agents f'"r Magcft Stoves and Ranges ETC.. ETC.. KTC. The llest in the niaiket. l'liiiiibinti oods of all kinds on hand. Job work done in a workmanlike manner. COR.NKK OK 3IA1X AXI) JKFFKRSOX STREETS, ASTORIA, - CHESJSC&OMr. Arctic Explorations. AdllllsslOIl. Reserved Seat-., :) veiiK ;. (tents Tickets f (it reseritd Mais eaii In- procured at Adlcr's book Mine. "WhatareyonGoIuetodoAboutit!" Recently a memorial was in troduced in the lower liouso of the Washington Territory, reciting in general terms the fact that there was no present indication that it was the intention of the N. P. II. R. Co. to construct the Cascade branch of that road, and praying congress to vacate the land grant heretofore granted to tin N. P. R. for the purpose of con structing said Cascade branch. The memorial passed the lower house "by a large majority," but was killed in the council. "The only ostensible reason" say: the New Tacoma Ledger, "which we have heard of as having been given, is that the people of Puget Sound are in no condition to make any demands upon the N. P. R. li. Company." We wonder what reason will be given the people of this place that the grant of land from rorest Grove to Astoria should not be declared forfeited. Tt certainly cannot be anything like the inso lent one given the people of the Sound. REAL ESTATE AUCTION SALE. Valuable Building Lots in Shive-j t ly's Astoria. Friflay, Hoy. 18111, at 11 A. I. Instructed by Mt..l..M.snnel. I will offer at Public Aneilnn. al mv Murium rxniis. the following Valuable City Property. Lots 4. 5, 6.7. 8.9. 10.11 and 12. in Block 4; Lot 9 in Block 2; These blocks funil north oh lh- phinked roadway to Upper Astoria. Lots I.r. 1. 1 1 and Iti in hlnvU Hi Same block in which .ln.. . IVliii.l"v fill's his resilience. Lolv, li. tO. IE ami i'-i In bloclt 55. Menu; one block south of the lhmiaii Catholic church. Messr. raiirniaii nn.l Jknle have WsidencM on this block. Vnrniut deed. Tint of iiojHrt can Ik seen at niv ojlh-e. Terms at sak. 1 f. IIOLDIIX. Auctioneer SELBCT PARTY Provisions-, Crockery Glass and Plated Ware.; ! FLshermeiistaiHl (Jamierv SUPPLIES A .SPECIALTY TlMiriCAl AND DnMKSlIC AlJKNT Kni: TilK FRUITS AND VEGETABLES.: weiner wuh jSan Jose Fruit Packing Company. Wines, Lipre, Total Cigars! vx" Tins 'San Francisco Chemical ARTISTIC Tlie lan;isl and niot (Omjlrte stock of : ((nhU In I heir line to be !i:nd hi the. city, j Coiner nfC.i'iK unit S4iieiiiiie.ln Stuvls. AsrouiA, oi:i:con. ASTOKIA - - - DKEGOX. OARL ADLER'S PRXNTI .?. rs UK. i:ii:x i: 'mi: SOCIAL SOIREE fLOB or ASTOCIA. that at the port of New York' he must pay a, tariff duty on the lenifft of, say, fifteen cents. Therefore, to make a profit, a knife must evidently sell for thirty-five dents, plus fifteen cents, that is to say, fifty cents, when it reaches Chicago. Now, seeing this, the American maker of pocket-knives say.s to himself: I can make thy knife at a cost of thirty-five cents. J will then take my knife to Chicago, and as there is a tariff tax of fifteen cents on the Sheffield knife, but not on mine. I can sell my knife for forty live cents, and.still make a profit. He does so, and the farmer who wants to buy :i knife at Chicago finds that lift must do one of the two things, either buy the Shef field knife for fifty cenN or the American knife for forty-five cents. In the first case, the tariff has made the farmer pay fifteen sents extra, which has gone to .support the government; in the cecond case, the farmer has paid ten cents extra, which goes into the pocket of the maker of the American knife. But, presently, the man who brought over the Sheffield knife finds that he cannot pay the tax of fifteen cents and compete with the American knife maker, who pays no tax at all. So he imports few or none of the Sheffield knives, and the American maker is left with a clear field. The govern ment is consequently deprived of revenue, and the poor farmer must pay what prices the American knife maker chooses to exact.'. Now, let the farmer reflect that this American knife, which he has paid so high and unnecessary a price for,- is the symbol of almost all the goods which he buv.s for his firm and housphnlrl $ sUJek e 0A.A Uom Land ami Ruil- iMrm ana uousenota. mng As-soclotion of Astoria. Orecon. h:e thU His hoe costs him thirtv iur " "S?. ". Papwe within thirty das rxn nuc Losis mm tniriy perjjtom date at the ofllce of the Secretin or '- . - - Ji .. i 11 - iiithenvise hn dpnlaroii ioiimiot- cent, more, man it suouia, ms - By rder ol tbeBSM of dYScion plow fifteen per cent, more, the) Astoria, Oct. 2, mu MEGLEK-P'- A Harbor in the Open Sea. Tin: New Orleans Democrat tells of a place in the Gulf of Mexico between the mouth or the Mississippi and Galveston, about ten or fifteen miles to the south west of Sabine Pass, which is commonly called "the Oil Ponds1 by the captains of the small crafts that ply in that iocality. There is no land within fifteen miles, and yet such is the effect of the oil thus cast upon the waters by the lavish hand of nature that even in severest storms the sea in the Oil Ponds is comparatively -smooth, and so well is this known that when the mall vessels that trade between Calcasieu, Orange, Sa bine, Beaumont and Galveston fail to make a harbor at Galveston or Sabine, they run off for th oil wells, let go their anchors and ride out the gale safely. The oil covers the water in a thick scum and ap parently rises from the bed of th gulf, which at that point is not more than fifteen or eighteen led below the surface. A similar 11:1- ! tural phenomenon is obsetvabic off the California coa.t below Point Conception, where oil from sub marine .spring- covers with an iridiscent film the surface of the water, and however rough the weather, keeps a perpetual calm for twelve or fourteen miles. At Liberty Hall. Thanksgiving Ev'ng, Thursday, November 24th. INVirVIIO.V rOMiUITl.l'- 1". I- I'.irl.er." II. V- rerjmsoii it. I". PrcI. IRIS!! FLAX TUBBAD8 Salmon JFet Twine.iBEu:sicsTaHE Cotton Seine Twine. I Pianos and Organs Cork and Lead Lines, Cotton letting, ail sizes. Seines ftlade to Order, Fiax and Cotton Twine, Fishiny Tackle, etc. Of all makes coiist:intl. on liaiel. Also a full .stock of VIOLINS. GUITARS, UAX.TOS, AC ' COllPEONS. CONCERTINAS, HARMONICAS, FLUTES, .vlmi ;i i:irK" siock. oi me nesi 01 j ' VIOLIN AND GUITAR STRINGS, t SHEET MUSIC. lAXP MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, ,s v.ell .is eervthinj: else bclonlm; to a First ('lass Hi!sisl)r(.. THE ASTORIAE" STEAM PRINTING HOUSE HAS TFIE FASTEST AND JEST PfiXSSK.S, AND TYPK OF THE LATEST STYLES. ri.iei: .nMiiTri:i . Thnnus 1!. Cranj:. (S. I. Kiciianlson, Trunk I Parkci. I Z. rergnson. Tickets, - -1 .mi. BEWARE OF Fislit'rmcii j on :ir Eleiu: S-WTlSnVLEI)! Isfitil.ilri.irtifs ;ire hVpii" .".ml M-lllltt; miller FALSE P P. ETEKC S A ctii'.-i(i. n-.isln iimt:t!iiii if Mir Finlayson, Bousficld &. Oo'a SCOTCH TWXJSnST, Wlieti on buy sec that the imine nf fixij.wso.v. norsi'jKi.as v ,. .folin SKuie. Kirntlntttt. BARBOUR BROTHERS ."2 1 llufUot Street. Sa Fiaei.sra HENRY DOYLE & Co.. Mnnnucis. -ASK ron UNION INDIA RUBBER CO'S Pure P.tm iitnii Grails Frof Rubber Boots and Coats. P.lIWAKi: tlF IMITATION' ! IV sine th" Hoots ate st.iiuicil ('HACK l'lidiir on the heels, anil Imethe I'UHK tiCM lil'litXOS on the foot and instep, w hich pri ents their eniekins or breaking. Tliej will l.tst twice as long as an otheis manufactured. FOR S.U.K P.Y ALL W.ALKilS. ALL KINDS UUnP.KU lir.l.TlNC, PAf'K- iNij, iiost:, spi:ix:s, 01.0 nuxc DOOTS .VXD HHOHS. Kte. GOODYEAR RUBBER CO. 1:. 11. pi:Asi:..ir. S.M. Kl'XYOX. Agents, San rranrisio. NEW TO-DAY. Summons. T-N THE ClUCUIT COUP.T OF the Still. defendant To Ida A. Bennett, the aboe named non- resiaem aeienaant : 1 n the name of the State of Oregon, for Clatsou count v. B. B. Beunett, plalntitf. s. Ida A. P.-nnelt, of Oregon ou aie hereby required 10 appear aiiuiiusvver me complaint niea against von In the abo e entitled court. In the alxn e en titled action bv the above named nlnlntifr on or before the first day of the next term of said cpurt, w hich will be on Tuesday, the 3d day of January. ies. If you fall to so ap pear and answer forwant thereof, the plain till will apjily to the court for the relief prayed for in said complaint, which is a de cree dissolving the bonds of matrlinom heretofore and now existing between plain tiff and defendant. This .summons is pub lished by virtue of an order made bvthe Honorable Italelgh Stott. Judge of said court, at Chambers ovember3, 1881. . nt, C FULTON. d-fit-T Attorney for Plaintiff. Assessment Notice. NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AX assessment of fifty percent, on the capi- o- j. ic. j.i:c:H. s. 4'o, UoMtOII. Are 011 e.i'j ra"ka;c. 8 xi: illi: a. i'o.. Agents. San FrsiiK jhco. c J2 - r '. o " Z V -0 7 0 Nk .. - o no 1 -a 2s Z Hw s - J r a C c j. . . w -o - 5 .- 5: - W P2 5 So S t - o : 5 c c o UOLMAN'S PAD. rei: 1111: STOMAGH, LIVER, AND KIDNEYS. Pianos and Organs sold on me monthly In stallment plan, or for rent. Car! Adler's Book Store. "S ? The largest stock of I Vh Blank Books and Stationery lifcan Of e cry description. j TjTp3 School Hooks, Ilibles, I'oetlcal I H t!) x1 orus. Alliums aim JJLwJca Uold Tens. .UilUlia IU'si,li. a full and comniete -gsrr3 stoek of ever tiling iLsiially s2aj kept 111 a well regulated ltook Mire. AImi. news depot and agciic) hir eieij paper and ix-rioilteal puMIslied. CARL ADLER'SVARIETY STORE J "Watches. Clocks and Jewelry, jv r Pocket and Table Cutlery, Vrt Yankee N'otion- and Tojs, UMsVicture Frames and Cluonios. glJaby Carnages, a coini)let -ns-.o"rtmeiit. Arcliprv. ete. csr We pin elms." Paper, Card-". Iuk,:iuil other mateiiulsof Iheiiianufartinen -.t XieoTvrojst O-asla. JELskrt&&, Anil can tht-refoie afford to ie. :m we alv.as do. the best art les. while charging 3!KrX"5r 0MlOX23S2SL.A.91?3EI JK.IOE3S. Cards. Envelopes, Circulars, Bill Heads and Letter Heads. THK KVKUV HAY WAST3 OP THE COUNTINO ROOM AND THK WO UK SHOP AltE SUriMilED AT IMtfOKS "WHICH CAN- NOT BDT 0I7fi SATISFACTION TO ALL. Vjpo, J ' New goods by eery steamer. The public atvimited toeXamlne my stock and prices. C11EXAAHS .ST.. - ASTOUIA. OUKOOX. c. i.FiVKVWFiin:. Ill ham nttow.v. ifcfri:i.isiinn l?- MINT SALOON. OPPOSITE O. It. & X. COMPAXY.s DOCK. None lint the best ll.iiiorsand cigars passed oer the bar. AV..SCIIL'I.1)T. TKUH UACU. Ill all cases of billiuusness and malaria in every foi in. a pre eiitativ e and cure of chills, fever and dumb ague. Dr. Holman'.s Pad is a erfect success. And for dspep3tn, sick headache and ncnoas prostration, as the pad is applied oer the pit of the stomach, the great nervous centei.it annihilates the disease at once. It regulates the Ihcr and stoiu.tcli so suc cessfully that digestion becomes perfect. Prof. 1). A. Loonris says : "It is nearer a imh ersal panacea than anything 111 medi cine." This Is done on the principle of ab sorption, of which Dr. Hohuan's Pad is the only true exponent. For all kidney troubles, tue Dr. HolmauN ltenal or Kidney l'ad, the best remedv In the world and recommended b Ihe niedical faculty. Bevare of Bogus Pads. Each genuine IIolmanN Pad bears the pri vate revenue stamp of the Hohr.au Vail (To., with tho above trade mark printed in green. P.uy none without it. For Sale by all Druggists. Dr. Holman's advice Is free. Full treatise scut free on application. Address : HOLMAX TAD CO. i 7f4 Broadwav. New York r.0.bo2112. Leinemvober & Co., ASTORIA. OIIK(ON, TAfflESS AND CURRIERS, Manufacturers and Importers of A LI. KINDS OF AXD FINDINGS'. Wholesale Dealers In OIL AND TALLOW. MAXCFAOTUKKKS OF BOOTS and SHOES T HE AS TORI AN, ttosrlllghest casii price paid for Hides and Tallow. Wa 2S. JX-gZJMLEll&T ASTOKIA. OllKCOX DRUGS AND CHEfVIlCALS, "All citt7X'iis or Oregon who desire f-J A STrNCJOY Xr TVU form their friend- in the states of "' A" wJ-wwrt W W., BLACKSMITKING. Toilet and Fancy Articles, PATENT MEDICINES, ETC. v2? to inform tho condition and promts of this stale,1 can have iio more comii'ete and compre-! luiiiio vnliiriii" nf I'mcI.-; In nOiiiI tliom ! than by suliscribiim for litis journal, j At ("apt. Rogers old stand, coijier of Cas and haviiis us ltiail it weekly to their 1 and Court Streets. ! -Prescriptions carefully compoundedUt ft tends. c mail tt ns directed, rorj Snil) and Cannen- work Horseshoehi" i a11 uours- OOIiiailvance, ye mail three eopies Wagons made aud' repaired. Good work r-Honicopaihlc Tlnoturcs and Pellets, of The Weekly ASTor.i.vx one year. guaranteed. and Humphrey's Specifics also kept. J guaranteed. 1 DAILY AND WEEKLY. T S RESPKGTED AND COMMKNDED ?.Y ALL FOKJITS Impartiality, Ability, Fairness and Reliability THE PiVrEll FOR THK COIMERCIAIi HAN, FOR THE FARAlEIt, FOR THE MECHANIC, FOK THE MERCHANT, FOR EVERY PERSON 1A1T.Y ASTOKIA' TERMS: BY M.1I1. (rOSTAGK lt:KK TO AU, SCBSTItlUKDI.) DAILY, ONE COPY ONE YEAR 59 00 DAILY. ONE COPY FOUR MONTHS 00 PS-Sample copies of cither edition to cents. Address : J. F. HAL.L.OIIAX & Co. Tublishers, Astoria, Oregon TTosttnasters are authorized to act as agents for The astoriax.