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"rf -f af-y --f'H-jrV fc-s s $wsTpaKrp' iTV4 sP-sn?ft5i"rvs xgp$z't- t" nr r- jiBp-fs.- r-y---$---1 & jf -'' 0) u Vol. XTI. A.storia, Oregon, Sunday Morning, February 19, 1882 No. 119. I 1m1 Ln fc r$ - ?F CLATSOP COtTNTT. It3 Past, Present, and Futuro-Hls-tdrioal, Statistical and Topo graphical. Continued from yesterday's Astoki an.1 A short time prior" to the cap ture o the post by the British, the agent of Mr. Astor' had, by virtue of a violently-presumed authority, sold the whole right, title and interest of the Pa cific Fur Company, to its rivals the N. "W. Company of Canada, for the sum of $40,000, by which means this company, under color of title, for a time succeeded to the sole occupancy of the whole northwest coast, south of the Rus sian possessions. This state of affairs lasted until 1817, when, in pursuance of the provisions and stipulations of the treaty, of Ghent, Capt. Biddle of the sloop-of-war Ontario, oearing Hon. J. B. Provost, U. S. Commissioner, entered the Columbia and took possession ot Fort George, in the name of the United States, rein stating the flag of the' Union, and reinvesting it with the namo of Aatoria. October C, 181S, the property of the Astoria Fur Com pany was restored to its legitimate owners, but Mr. Astor never re newed his operations here. A joint occupancy by the various fur companies was allowed by the gov ernments, out of which sprang the vexed boundary question, that for years kept the two nations on the verge of war, and finally resulted in giving to the United States the TESt territory between the forty second and forty-ninth parallels, north latitude, and west of the Rocky mountains; that country now denominated the great North west' and which just at this time is, perhaps attracting the attention Of the world more than any other section. To "give minutely all the details of events that have trans pired since the settlement of this country commenced, and in which the Columbia river has figured, to create discussion, air. tlumo would involve 'the publication of ajcama to the Columbia and having Volume. jSatified himsolf that neither the -It is' sufficient to assert here, ' quantity nor quality of the Chi that neither of the contending na-1 nook ajimaa l,atl been exagger tions fully understood the great' ated t0 Wm, ha at once put up a importance of this bone of con-.can ESle Cliff hear the tention, or the grand future of mouth of the river, on the Wash that inland empire to which the ington Territory side, and in I860 m;,,tl, nf th Hnlnmbift is the kev PUt UP 4000 CdSQt f fUr d,Zen and gateway. And oven now, it is doubtful if the great nation that has been so fortunate as to draw "this immense prize, is yet fully awake to the importance of the acquisition. When the whole immense country known as Ore gon, Washington and -Idaho, has become peopled as thickly as its undeveloped resources will justify," there will spring up, in spite of all opposition, at the mouth of the Columbia, a city worthy of so magnificent a position. It is so destined by fate, and no accumu lation of capital, no combination ' of monopoly, can prevent it. Then Clatsop county will be under tho drippings of the santuary of this great inland empire of magnifi cence and wealth. Astoria has now a population of about 4,000 people, and is in every sense a stirring, bustling, growing little city. Here the immense salmon canning business of the Columbia, which astonishes tho world, had its birth, and hero it now has its head quarters, giving, employment and a livelihood to thousands ot people annually. . Hero large saw-mills are in operation, and in the inex haustible supply of the very finest . timber found in this country, in vitel tho establishment of more mills and more extensive ship building, while much of tho soil Offers homes to thousands when the timber has been removed from it. ' Coal has also been discovered in different -places," but not suf- fiaiently prospected to determine its extent or value. AH the larger vessels entering the river are J forced to have part of their cargo brought down to Astoria on barges and there loaded, as the river will not admit of the passage of deep water vessels between Portland and this point if loaded to their full capacity, hence the necessity of a railroad that shall connect, in a more practical and economi cal way, the inland country with this ocean gateway. Appiopna tions by Congress may succeed in bringing about such improve ment of the bar as ma' in a de gree remove the dangers encoun tered by the commerce of the great interior, now assuming such immense proportions. In conclud ing this article, wo will dwell at somo length on the great industry which has been fully doveloped in Clatsop county and at other points on the river. Prior to 1866, the salmon fish ing along the Columbia was only engaged in by individuals for their own use, or in a petty trading way by Indians, a few Italians, and stragglers of no means and little energy. A few barrels of salt salmon were yearly brought to Portland or wherever eke a market could be found. The In dians along the Columbia and its tributaries, and in the neighbor hood of other streams furnishing the luxury, subsisted to a great extent upon salmon. In 1SG4, Mr. Wm. Hume established a sal mon cannery on the Sacramento j river in California and found his venture reasonably successful. The Columbia river salmon known as the Chinook salmon $50,000. The positions of respoir had attracted some attention and sibility ilbout the canneries are were," by those who professed filled by white men whose salaries knowledge in that direction, dc- range from $50 to 150 per month, clared to possess a finer flavor j The salmon canning interest, next than those of any otlior portion of the globe, and being so plentiful ( cans each, tho first salmon ever canned on the Columbia. His force that year consisted of ten expo- rienced fishermen and thirty other assistants, Mr. Hume was not alono in the enterprise, a Mr. Hapgood, of California, was asso ciated with him, and so en couraged were they with tho suc cess of their venture and the stupendous and apparently inex haustible supply of fish, that they doubled their facilities for the suc ceeding year's run and put up 8,000 cases. 'Mr. George Hume, Wm. Hume's brother, had also an interest in tho venture, but in 1867 drew out of the firm and established a cannery of his own and that year put up 10,000 cases. In 18C8, Captain John West, see ing tho fortunes made so easily, established a cannery and together with tho two other firms, drew tho grand total of 28,000 cases from the bluo waves of the great river. In 1860 the threo first named gentlemen established a fishery and cannery at Cathlamet on the W. T. side, from which time the Columbia river has been renowned the world over for its salmon. The industry has continued to grow, until now more salmon aro taken, canned and shipped at tho Columbia establishments than from all the world besides. So great has become tho trade, that in ve.ntive" genius has been called to the aid of the fisherman, and now "a salmon cannery" is the synonym" for an iamsuse outlay of money, in machinery and all the " varied appliances made necessary by the immensity of the traffic. A higher price must now be paid for fish by the proprietors, than formerly, while in the markets of the world, the price of canned salmon is con stantly coming down, the natural result of competition, and im proved facilities by which the pro cess of preparation is carried on with so much less expense. In 1806, the cost of" fish delivered at the canneries was 15 cents each, which increased with each suc ceeding year until 1881', when the price exacted- by the fishermen was CO cents for each fish. The pack of 1866 brought the eanners ?1(5 per case, which price has been gradually reduced year by year, until 1879, salmon were sold at S4 GO per case, and in 1881, $3. The total product of 186G was 4,000 cases, which has been in creased year by year, until 1881, when . the largest catch was re ported, reaching for the year, the enormous amount of 550,000 cases or 20,400,000 cans of one pound each, from which a revenue to the various establishments of the river was realized in the sum of $'!, 750,000. The business employs about 4,000 Chinamen and 3,500 white men, and the fishing season lasts from April to August. The total value of the property employed in the business is about $2,000,000. There are about 1,400 boats and nets used, besides steam tenders and so on. The cost of a cannery with all its various paraphernalia, not in Icludin - r steam tenders, is about to agriculture, is perhaps the most important on the coast. The largest and most important of the canneries aro at Astoria, which, together with tho largo lumhering establishments, shipping, etc., com prise tho principal business of that city, and during certain seasons of the year, the streets are thronged with thousands of horny handed, hard visuged men. The river at this point is about eight miles in width. Knappton, in W. T., stands on tho bank op j pos;te to Astoria, while at Baker's bay, some fifteen miles from As toria, is Ilwaco. Fort Canby stands on a promontory, north of the mouth of the river, and Fort Stevens guards the Oregon shore and is -situated on a low, sandy plain, just out of tho roach of tho angry breakers of the bar. Steam ing in from the ocean on one of the O. R. & N. Go's fine steamers, on a quiet day, tho scenery is grand and impressive, and to the sea sick traveler, tho prospect of once more reaching tho calm, placid waters of the Columbia, a sensation of pleasure pervades the whole being. Looking across tho angry, surging billows, that break with fury and ominous roar upon tho dangerous rocks and reefs that lie hidden beneath them, the still, quiet surface of the river presents a picture so strong in contrast, as to. furnish tho most striking illustration of tho varied experiences of man, plunged al most in a moment, from the seren ity of peaco and quiet, into the angry waves of adversity and all the toils and turmoils of life; or emerging from the storms, rocks, reefs and surging billows of a faithful and unhappy career, the careworn traveler on the wild sea of life, sees just beyond him, the end of his toils, a calm, quiet, peaceful haven of rest. Hesotrcea of Oregon and Washington. 8aa-3iokneg3. This is caused in .great -part by the confusing effect which the tossing on tlio water has upon the brain, and multitudes of ways have been pursued for avoiding or at least mitigating this annoy ance. The best plan is to let it have its course and rid tho system of that excess of bilo which is most always present in this overeating age; the general health rarely fails to be greatly improved by it, although in very rare cases, per haps not more thin one in a mil lion, the patient dies under tho ef fects of the long continued and exhausting retching. If a person will lie down with the eyes cloed, and not allow trie head for an instant to be laised from the pillow, there is an almost entiro exemption from u tu-ie.i and other discomforts, but the ro-iuit of this courst- is that it will be necessary to keep abed during the entiro voyage. The effort should be to shorten the sickness and get ridofitassoon as possible, and this is best done by not lying down at all, but resolutely keep ing on the feet on deck, in the open air if ths weather permits, that is, if it be not raining; this requires moral courage and con siderable force of will and charac ter, but it seldom fails to abridge the period of sea-sickness, some times to confine it to a few hour's duration, and then the remainder of the voyage can be enjoyed as it ought to be. Tho tendency toj nausea on shipboard is abated somewhat by any stimuluswhich acts decidedly on the nervous system, -such as chloroform, brandy, opiates etc. Irritants, such ,astno strongest 'ontrtua nhitD nQllcAt 9.. mi 1 1 if.vio f iJUIfrO, 4fchW I.MtAklMM, fc -, VQ 1 C i V mental emotions, in short, any thing tiiat draws off tho attention of the mind. No per-ou can be sea-sick if the ship be on fire, nor will a person who is drunk. A brisk purgative just beforo going on board, or a dose of medicine taken the night bofore, is good. Still, the wisest, most healthful and most expeditious method of meeting sea-sickness is to avoid all preventives, all medicines, and manfully determine to keep upon your feet and let it do its worst. Furnished Rooms to Let At Mrs. Munson's lodging house. Arrlsonl JLodsin-c House, land. Orciron. Port- New house and first class in its a K nointments. Third street, in K. 'TKnitncnii'li lIiV nnnnclfii Pmr Ainu worth. Rooms by the day, week or month. " Mrs. E. Arbiqom. Xotiee. Just received per steamer Columbia; a fine lot of eastern oysters, which will besorvodup in first class at 1 at Uo-i-cood, Occident block. Take Kotlre. On after this date an additional 10 cents per cord will be charged on all orders for sawed wood not accompanied uvtnecasii, nturajs wooa yaru. July lst.ISSl. Sherman ttrov. i'xiireN Will receive orders at the store of J. W. Case for upper Astoria or any other part of the city. Leave your orders en the slato and they will be promptly at tended to. A large consignment of the lest brand Ited Cross coal oil just received t Jno. Kodjer"s, Cuitral ifarlcet. The Peruvian syrup has cured thou sands who were sufferm;' frum dvspep sia. debility, liver complaint, boils, Im mors, female complaints, etc. Pamph lets free to any address. Seth V. Fowl &Sons.I5oston. I hai e just received the finest assort ment of faucy Roods in my line ever brought to Astoria, consisting of ner fumery cases, toilet sets, toilet cases line perfumeries, fancy soaps, coinbsl brushes, hand glasses, and toilet articles nf all kinds splendid presents for the holidays. Call and examine goods aud prires before purchasing elsewhere, at .1. w. Conn's drug store, opposite Occi dent Hold, Astoria. Oregon. Mr. John lingers of the Central Iar ket, has made arrangements to keep al the finest fresh fish, etc in their season For handsome holiday mesents. such as toiletcases, cologne sets, per- mraery cases, n.iu soaps, eta, go 10 Conn's drurr- store. oduosUh Occident tiHoteL aatera Oysters. Another fine lot of Eastern Oysters lust received at Roscoes, per steamer Orecon. Occident block. The Wm!1 .Uturun Is a mammoth sheet, nearly double the size of the Daily. It is juit the 11a 1H.T for the fireside, containinj ill addi tiou to all the current news, choice mis cellany, agricultural matter, marktt re iMirti, etc. It K furnished to single sul---ribcr- at S2 at er j ear in advance. War! 'War! War! Water front offered free to any person th.it will build a .nv mill in the city of WiUi.unsvorr. Lumber we must have t-i'lmiid this cit Wc have one store in ninniii'' order at nrvfcenL Quite a nuin- 1ut have already located liuiucs in this city, anil yet tiieie 13 loom. ioltl 011 time to Miit purchasers. Located one mile south of Astoria, on tho sunny side of tho hill, on VoiiimS bay. J Williamson, Si:. Hall's Vi:hTAnr.i: Sicilian Hair Rkm'WKK "11 a scientific combination of some ot the most powerful restoratise agent- in the egetible kingdom. It ic stores gray hair to ib original color. It makes the scalp white and clean. It cures dandruff anil .humors, and falling out of the hair. It furnishes the nutri tive principle by w hlch tho hair is notir-isheu-and supported. It makes the hair moist, soft and ijloisy, and is uiisin pased as a hair dressing. It is this most economical precaution ever ottered to the public, as its effects remain a long time, making only an occasional appli cation necessary. It is recommended and used by eminent medical men, "and officially endorsed by the. State Assayer of Massachusetts. The popularity of Halls llairlteneuer has incrcrsed with the test of many jears, both in this country and in foreign lands, and it is now known and used 111 all the civilized countries of the woild. Kon Sale hy all Dkaleks. A cough, cold or sore throat should be stopped. Xeglect frequently results in an incurable lung disease or consump tion. Brown's lirouchial troches do not disorder the stomach like coulisjrnps and balsams, but act directly on the in U.ur.ed parts, allaying irritation, give relief in asthma, bronchitis, coughs, catarrh, and the throat troubles which singers and public speakers aro siitiiect to. Forthiity years Krown's bionchial troches have been lecommended by physicians, and always give perfect satisfaction. Haing oeen tested by wide and constant tws for nearly an en tire generation, tjiey have attained well merited rank among the few staple remei'ies of the age. Sold at 25 cents a oox everywhere. Get your legal blanks at Tuu Astoiuajt office. A full hue of over two hundred .styles. MEZLztTls!& Sr'AII cltizens'oi' Oregon who desire" to mtorm their friends in the states of the condition and progress of this state. can nae no more complete anilcompre- ueiisixe luiu-iie ot (acts to send tnera than by subscribing fpr this Journal, and having us mail it weekly to their friends. We mail it as directed. For 5 00 in advance, we mail three copies if Tin: Wkeklv AsToitiAXone year. MISCELLANEOUS. C LKI.VKN Wril.El:. II. I'.UOU'S E-f-'ABUSUCD 1S05. Leiuenweber & Co., ASTOB1A, OKKUON, TAMERS AND CDEEIEHS, Manufacturers and Importers of I A LL KINDS OF 31iE3a.-2?:s:E33El AND FINDINGS', Wholesale Dealers In OIL AND TALLOW. arlustji-s! cash price paid for Xlifies and Tallcw. G. A. STrNSON & CO., BLACKSMITHING, ' At dpi. Rogers oi-1 stand, comer of Ca's and Court streets. Ship and Cannery work. Ilorseshoelnp. Va5011s mail" :inl Pjpaired. Cooil work guaranteed. x.. b:. Gc s b& x t s: Importer an 1 Wholesale dealer U Cigars -and Tobacco, Smokcr'9 Ar ticles, riayuig- tiaras, cut lery, Etc., Etc., TIib liuwt and finest stock of Meerschaum and Amber sot Is In the cit j . Particular at tention p ild to ordiTs Irom the couutry and 1 easels. Clienamus utrcet. Astoria, Oregon. TIIEO. 15RACICEK. Mraiaser. Painter and Ruffner, DK.vi.r.ns ix 3PXXX3S!"Gr, OLNEY, - - - OREGON 0LEAKIWG and REPAIRING NEVT. CIIEA1 AND QUICK. BV (i-onus: 1.0VETT. Main Street, opposite N. Lncb's, BlaiiKs. Promissory notes, bond for deed, quit claim fleeus, mortgage and warranty deeds, at this office. MISCELLANEOUS. S. ARNDT & JFERUHE, ASTORIA. - OKEGOX. The Pioneer Machine. Shop HLACKSMITH SHOP ,-' 3sy'm-eyr Shop -ig&8&& Boiler ' &-jr All kinds el ENGINE, CAOTERY, AM) STEAMBOAT WOES Promptly attended to. AspecJaltj route of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT Or LAIAnrTE STREET. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bextos Steeet, Ncau Paekeb IIovse. ASTORIA. OREGON". GENERAL I MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS, all cm m ft Boiler Work, Steamboat Work, and Cannery Work a specialty. A. D. TVAS3. President. " J. a. Hl'stleu, Secretary. l.W. Case, Treasurer. Joiix Fox, Superintendent WILLIAM EBGAE, Corner -Main and Chonuaus Stroets, ASTOKIA. .... OKEQO DSALRR IB W CIGARS AND TOBACCO. Tho Celebrated .mecou fsnrsocDC x enuc liJLffifftiElrffli&HloRli AND THE GENUINE" WOSTEHHOU and other nnslish Cutlery. FAIRCHILD'S GOLD PENS Genuino Heershaum Pipes, etc. A fine stock of WntehcH nnd .Towel ry, Slnzzle u Breech T.omliinj Miot Guns nnd ftiar-ft, ReoIver. Pistols, nnd Ammunition marisj: SP?J GIuHSlS. ALSO A TIH3L Assortment of fine S1TCTACLE3 aud El'fc OLASSUS. I. W. CASE, IMPORTER AND WHOLLSALBAND lt& TAIL DHALEH IN G1ERAL MEBCHADISE Corner Chenainus aud Cass streets. ASTORIA - OrvEGON MAGOTS C. CROSBY, Dealer la HARD? ABE, IM, STEIL, iron Pipe and Fittings, ftaters aiul Steam Fitters Goods and Tools, SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD SHEET IRONS TIN-AHM-PER. Stoves, Tin Ware and House Furnishing Goads. JOBBING )N SHEET IRON, TIN, COP PER, PLUMBING and STEAM FITTFNG Done with neatness and dispatch. None bat Hist class workmen employed. A largo assortment of SCALES Constantly en hand jgmXr, w- BUSINESS OABDS: E. EOLDUX,"- v fr NOTARY PUBLIC,. AUCTIONEEK, COMMISSION AND SUIIAXCE AGENT. T A. 3IcI.TOSIl, MERCHANT TAILOR, t Occident Hotel Building. ASTORIA - - - OREGON Tfl I. IlISTOS, Attorney and Counselor at Law. Office in C.U rarker's-buildine, on Benton sttcet, opposite Custom House,. ASTORIA, - - - OREGON. JAY TUTTL.E. 31. . PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON OrpicK-Over tho White House Stori 1.ESIDKNITE At MlN. Mtt"nni""q hnnri"lnp- house, Chen.tmus street, Astoria, Oregon. j, CRAXU, 31. I PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, lloora X11. 3, Aatorlnn Bulldlne. (up STAIBS.) ItEsiDENcis-Conier ol Beuton and Court streets, Astoria, Oregon. P. HICKS. fc PENTIST, ASTOKIA, .... OKKOOJS. Rooms In Allen's building up stairs, cornc of Cass and Hqemocqhe streets. J.Q- A. BOWLBY. ATTORNEY Cheuamas Street. - AT LA"W. ASTORIA. OREGOii n n. baix &, co., DEALE11IN . Doom. Windows, BHndft. Trail HoniH, Lnmbrr, Etc. All kinds of Oak Lumber, Glass, Boat Ma terial, etc. Steam Jfllt near Weston hotel, Cor. Gi evtve and Astor streets. J. H. D. GRAY, Wholesale and retail dealer In. JLL KINDS OF FEED, U-.. li-5i55S3-MiaPSWr-r' t'd, 3zmg liener inle Jr. John'fej Has received a large Invoice of BARRELS AND HALF BARRELS ot tho best quality, rcadv to suddItBuI And Is nor ready to supply Butchers Can- nerie and nil others, cheap for cash. IVES. Z3E3El'03r. NEALF.E IN New and Choice MILLINERY, Desires to call the attention of the Ladles of Astoria to the fact that she has received a larsje assortmont of the LATEST STYLES OF. Hats, Bonnets, - Trimmings, AND ' K-'.fis.CTCS" GOODS.' Corner Mala and Squemoqhe Streets. CITY BOOK STORE. We are constantly receiving new additions to tfur stock and havo the finest and largest assortment of variety Roods In the city. Combs, Brushes, Stationery, Frames, Celluloid Goods. All our goods are marked In plain figures Call and examine quality and note prices. CHAS. STEVENS & SON . E.Detrick&Co.,- Solo sgents on in? Taclfic Coast for Toper's celebrated OILED CLOfEIJfG, (oend for price list) Importers, manufacturers and dealers to Twines, Tents, Hose, Cotton Sail - DuckBelting, WaterproofTar-1 paulins. Waterproof Covers, Patent Solid' Cotton Belting. Xos. 5, 7 and a Calfornla, and 10S, 110 and 113 Market Streets, 8AN FRANCISCO. - GAIFOItMA. Ulm ' '"" ii i -1 - J.-P 0- . S th ",.,.- zMs& -;- .