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i TFnl 1 Vol. xvm. Astoria, Oregon, Friday Morning, February 23, 1883 No. 124. WASHINGTON TERRITORY. I An Eastern Interview. Governor Newell, of "Washing ton Territory, who is here ns a commissioner, delegated by vari ous municipalities, corporations and prominent citizens, to urge upon congress the early admission of their territory as a state, was seen yesterday by a Post reporter, and asked what claims, other than the one of 125,000 population, he would urge. "I cannot reply better than by stating what our resources are, and thereby demonstrating our ability to sustain ourselves as a state. "Wc consider that we have the ability to asume the functions and bear the expense incidental to stateship, and our people are almost unanimous in the desire that we shall be admitted to the union during the present session of congress." "What is the condition of the matter in congress now?" "Separate bills have been -introduced in the house and senate and reported favorably by the respect ive committees. One bill provides for the annexation of the three most northerly counties of Idaho, lying north of the 4Gth parallel of latitude." "What are these natural re sources upon which you base your olaitn to be self-sustaining?" "Leaving out Alaska, "Washing ton Territory is the extreme north western possession, aud lies be tween the Pacific ocean and Idaho, British Columbia and the Colum bia river. It contains 70,000 square miles, aggregating 450, 000,000 acres. It is divided by the Cascade mountains, an exten sion of the Sierra Neradas, which run nearly north and south into two separate regions, differing es sentially in their characteristics, and called respectively east and west Washington. The latter oc cupies about two-fifths ol the ter ritory, and is known as the Puget Sound basin. The surface is hilly and in some portions mountainous. Four-fifths of this is covered with dense forests, the trees being of great magnitude. They consist of white and yellow fir, cedar, hem lock, spruce and pine, with smaller quantities of ash, alder, oak, pine and maple. The fir tree especi ally reaches, when full grown, are enormous size, the average tree measuring four feet with an alti tude of from 250 to 300 feet. Many monstrous specimens are found, some fourteen feet thick. This variety is found nowhere outside of Vancouver's island, Washing ton Territory and western Oregon. It is highly bituminous, tough, elastic and enduring, and especi ally adapted to the construction of naval vessels in all their parts." "Have you nothing but trees, governor?" "We have other resources equal in value to the wood which I will tell you about after I have told you about the huge cedars we have. We have gold, silver, cop per, zinc, cinnabar, tin, plumbago, mica, soapstone, marble, granite, sandstone and limestone; all these are found within our limits. To utilize our timber sawmills of large capacity are operating on Puget Sound, the largest of which is at Port Ludlow, a new structure, complete, but not yet in opera tion, being 43G feet long and 200 feet wide. -It has a cutting capac ity of 21S feet logs. The amount cut last year was 305,000,000 feet. This is sent to the Pacific coast, Asia, Australia, France, England and the Nile. There are twelve millions of acres of such timber, worth hundreds of millions of dol lars. There are cedars in exist ence of twenty-one feet in dim , tcr in all parts of the territory. ; The bark of the fir trees is used mainly for fuel. The forests are filled with elk, deer, bear, foxes, rabbits, grouse, pheasants, ducks and other game." "Have you any coal deposits?" "General McMicken, the sur veyor general of the territory, in formed me in a recent interview that the entire PugeL Sound Basin is underlaid with coal. The indi cations are apparent everywhere. The varieties are bituminous, lig nite and anthracite. Extensive mines have been opened at Seat tle, Tacoma, and along the line of the Northern Pacific. The mines at Seattle and Tacoma are exten sively operated, each town having facilities for loading vessels at the rate of ,000 tons a day, the mines being located within one hour of rail communication from the bunkers, at which the vessels are laden. Four steamships of 3,000 tons capacity are already establised upon a line which supplies Oregon and California. Five more are to be added." I "What else have you?" "About seven millions of acres of Puget Sound basin is easy con vertible to the best agriculture and , grazing lands. The river bottoms. the beaver dam meadows and other alluvial deposits furnish a soil of inexhaustible fertility. The islands of the Sound are also highly pro ductive, and indeed the entire surface of tho country, when de nuded of its timber, if that day Could arrive, is especially well adapted to grazing and grain rais ing. White clover seems to 'be indigenous to the soil, and is abso lutely irrepressible in its growth wherever the sun shines upon it. But the agricultural and grazing portion lies east of the Cascades, the great plateau of the Coumbia. Here are thirty million acres of land prairie land level, undu lating and mountainous, mainly bare of vegetation, save sage bush and bunch grass. Nearly all of this country is capable of producing under proper cultivation, prodi"-. ious amounts of wheat, rye, barlev oats, flax and cultivated grasses. The census report indicates an averago wheat crop of twenty seveu and one-half bushels to the acre, the largest average yield mentioned there. I have seen a field of 2,300 acres which yelded an average of thirty-five bushels, of these 1,000 acres averaged fifty bushels. The season for seeding extends nearly equally well from October till May, and for harvest ing, from July to December. The straw, being firm and strong, stands, and the hull, being firm, prevents the grain from rattling out. During last season, 250,000 tons of surplus wheat were sent out of the Territory, and the esti mated production for the next three years is 350,000 tons 'per year. Not one acre in a hundred, even then, will be under cultiva tion. The grain is especially adapted for export, not being injured by transportation." "What kinds of fruit grow in your would-be-state?" 'Fruits grow luxuriantly to 0 "at perfection and many native to warmer latitudes, such as prunes, grapes, etc., grow well, vegetables also grow exceedingly well. Stock is raised extensively; beef cattle, of which 25O,U0O head were exported last year,, dairy cows, sheep and swine also thrive and prosper." . "How about your coast line?" "Washington is destined to be a great maritime and comercial center of the Pacific coast. Puget sound, the great Mediterranean of this continent, covers an area of 20,000 square miles, has a shore line of 2,000, an average width of seven miles, and a depth of thirty to two hundred fathoms, which is free from rock, bar or shoals. It ramifies through the main portion of Western Washington, furnish ing easy and safe outlet to tho world for the products I have told you about, and also commit nica- rg tion. The rivers afford inland 4& navigation of 2,000 lineal miles. ' p-, the chief being tho Columbia, j z-K't which runs northwest 200 miles, ! through Eastern Washington bear- ' ing the waters which drain an area of 400,000 square miles. Seven hundred miles of railroad i are already built. The sound is connected with the Columbia, and ' connections will soon bo made with ' the Atlantic and Seaboard by means of the Northern Pacific, which will be completed this fall; ' three hundred miles only having t to be constructed, two hundred i miles of the road-bed for which is( made. These waters arc inhabited J by salmon, halibut, trout, cod and eighty other varieties of fish, and $3,000,000 worth of salmon weroi salmon were the Columbia canned last year on river." "Tho climate is tho most re-' markable feature of Western Washington. The thermometer during tho winter averages forty ! degrees above zero. The sum mers are delightful, being free from heat, thunder shotvers or other evils and inconveniences that at tach to hot climates. Tho scen- ery is grand, the Olympic and! nor a rolling mill in the place. Cascade ranges being 15,000 feet The manufactories are all engaged high, with many others of nearly h, what is known as '-small in equal altitude, covered with eter- dustries." nal snow, present scenes of graiid cur not surpassed elsewhere." "No drawbacks to this Arcadia?" .-t,, . . . ,, , . , ' "lnereare two things that might be considered so. There is a wet j - , e I and a dry season-, the former ex- J tondine- from Janunrv to March. ! rn. . , , , , ! This is considered by some people disagreeable, but it is essential to' flirt. rnnf ttnAtrtUm -r4 st w. e.tu .Cly.v. "w".""a. vrilIplllltaccoinpanIodTrItliadull,Iiea-yi Hifrh winds also nrevail in Eastern 1 setwuion in tlie back part, 'increisir.of taiu "inub.iibu jjru.iuni iabiern aiVaeonsi,iljRinil.i0!,sor meinorv.accom- Washincton. These are the only I o J I complaints I have heard in a resi-1 plaints I have heard in a resi-1 dence of three years. A country plains of marine, nnd debility; he is; J j easily startled; his feet are cold or buni-j more aorreeable in its personal stir- inp, and he complains of a prickly Fonsa , I tion of tho skin; his spirits arc low, and. J roundinfrs has vet to be discovered, i although he isMtisiiedthatecrci-c would 'ilw lxnp!!ri:il to him. vet ho can FCjrclv 1 so far as I have experienced." -anu you want 10 oe a staler ' "The people are especially de sirous of availing themselves of the advantages of statehood, being conscious of being able to sustain themselves and do honor to the Union." Wash. Post. PO Absolutely Pme This powder never Tarics. A marvel of purity, strength and wuolrsonjpncss. More cconondcal than the ord nary Kinds, and cannot be sold incomp titlon ith the mul titude of low test, short weifiht, alum or phosphate itfmdcrs. Sold only in conn. Hoval Baking Powdjui Co., iuc "Waiit., Dressmaking a Plain and Fancy Sewing, Snits Biade in tho best Style and Guaranteed to Pit Mrs. T. S. Jezvett. BOOM OVER MBS. E, 6. WABRSN'S.l 381 i b 4 'i r ' :: Jtii&'W T2i !$' jF'OIw mgm mi. iBvC TP'" Sfi v?j-y& -yJ-2i3fc; mm !:ofm:u Carefully! 1 1 Backache Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, SkoII- t ings ana sprains, aurns ana Scalds. General Bodife Pains. ; Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted J Feet and Ears, and all oikor , Fains and Acnes. ' j ,aro"re,hnPlo end cheap External ! uemoiiy. a trial entails Lut tea cc3pcraiiciy trifllns outlay of 59 Cents, and eTCry one sun"r- Ins with pain can bara cbran ted podtlro proof oi iu claims. Directions ia Keren Languages. BOLD BY ALLDBUGGIBT3 AKDDEALEE3 HI HEDIOIIIB. A.TOGELSR fe CO., Halllmorc,I(l.,TT.S.A.. It is a singular fact that though New York is tho greatest manu facturing city in "America, there is not a cotton mill, a blast furnace ! SYMPTOMS OF A DISEASED LIVER. Tain In the right side, midor le ot -h increasing on procure; some tunc tho i,aIn ls on 1,1C Icft tlde: u,c inticit u nurely nolo to lie on tl.o left side; &oine- tlmc tnc ,mIn ls fclt uuder th0 snon!der "! " sometime taken for Rheum uKiu In the arm. The itomach ls affected with l0.s oruppolItc nisd sickness; the bowels I" general are costive, somerimes alter-! I natlngwlth laxitj-; tho head !. irouWudJ Paflod fllh a painful sensation of haying . left undone hoinethlUK nliich ought to imve been done, a siichr, dry couKh lsj lmve !-' Johc. a slight, dry cough Lsj summon up fortitude enough to try it. j i If yon have nny.of the nlKve symptoms, vou can certainly be cured by the use of tho genuine Ult. C. 3IcIl'S X.IVEK When vou buy3rcluic' PitU, insist on hiving Ii:. C. 3rcLA'E-S CELE BUATED X.IVLJI 1'IIXS, made by ricm iiir Hro., Pittsburgh, Pa. If you mii not cet tho genuine DB. C. SIcIwlXK'S LIYEK 1ILLS, Send US 2.1 cents by mall, and wo will send them -I to you. FLEMING BROS., Piltslmrgli, Pa. lffERs te!ionfenoT terrible exbnuUmn tbnt follows tua attack? ofocnto diea!c, tho tctitnony of thousand who have been raied ps by a niraclo from a similar ttato of prostration by Ho tetter' istomnch Uittc. is a suro ru irantco that by tho Rntno means you, too, may bc'moncth encd and rctored. For salo by all Urucsi'U and Dealers Konoralb. $500 Reward. We will pay the above reward for any case or Liver Complaint. Dj spepsbt. Sick fleml- arhe, mdlRestlon, ConstliMtion r Costne- nesswc cannot cure with AVYsfs Vegetable Liver Pills, whpn the directions are strictly compiled with. Tlievarc iHire'y Vegetable, and never fall to rIvc satisfaction. Sugar coated. LarRe boxes. contaiiilnK rills, 23 cents. For sale by all DruRgkts. Beware of counterfeits and ImiUtions. Tlie Bnuine manufactured only by JoitC FJfr& Co. "The Pill Maker," island 163 "VV. Madison St., Chicago. Free trbd nackase sent by mall prepaid on receipt of a 3 cent stamp, "W S. Domest, sent. ilOSTETTgU nw CELEBRATED iA V M JOHXsOy. C II. 3TICKEL8 I A.M.JOHHBOIT&CO.,! Dealers In T' fi?SMp Chantey anfi Groceriesi CROCKERY & CLASS WARE. JiUo "Wholes ilo Dealers In Pniult. Oils', Varnlslics, Gltibs, Fnltj. Artists' OH and Water Colors. I'nlni and Knlso- niiiic IJruslicH. ('ojuiilly on liaisl a full and choice stock a. of StajiKai.l 1 .'!" Groceries Only tlio I Best i. ' ur sfixk of frorki'ir nnit 21nMS ana most tompieto toria. Consisting ol T.i and rmnr Sets, Toilet Ser. Olass. I.'vorj thing sold at Um est Living Kates. )u:ili(j- Guaranteed. An Examination will nioro than repay you. i Import ant ! ! Hereafter all our ;Tnvn HaiTp will Ka ! Dili 111) UllCier Olll OW11 , V (VXj 1''J,-'i NONE GENUINE Uh!"i5 bought of M. JOHNSON & A. CO. N. B. All goods bearing our label are guaranteed to be strictly Pure and of Best quality, and are sold by no other House. DR.II.KR IX .Hay, Oats, Straw. Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand Viot JJellvcretl to Orilcr. Draying, Teaming and Express Business. Horses ana. Carriages for Hire. men r. i.v WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. Kinvr LASS y VV VV LLbUS 06 r lblliljK, SHIP CHANDLERS. PKAI.KK? I.V ,r(Jnf Steel Coa,? Anchors Chains, TAR, PITCH, OAKUM, WKoraiiT a:;u cut oalvaxized A'nlls. Cpitr IVnilM ami Burrs, Shelf Hardvare, Paints and Oils Rubber and Hrmp PacUina of all Kinds. PROVISSONS. Fr.oric .if: IILI. TKE1. Aueutt forXdem Flouring MHU. CnniiTClifiiaiiiu !id Hamilton Stntiuc AhToi;iA.oiti:aoN. :MA&U-'$ ;. CROSBY, taler m HABBWiBE, IRON, STEEL, Iron Pipe and Fittings, i'Lu mm:rs and steam fitters I Goods and Tools, ! SHEET .LEAD STRIP HEAD IRON TIN AHD'COPPER, Stoves, Tin Ware and House j Furnishing Goods. IjnRRltJn IN SHFFT inrw tiu pop Juati'n ' ntbi I HUN, TIN. LOP OCD a,ni3B,..n . OTr, c-m.m PtR PLUMBING and STEAM FITTING I n. s . :th mi ., d Hionnteh uone wun i.eainass ana aispatcn. xono uut flrst cl tvorkmen employed, r A tLTZQ MSOrtment or, " o ri a t T a W j A 1 1 Fj f OosfUntly tfl Zusd """--"-' WILLIAM HOWE. I DKAXEU Df I lftAKn TilnHnvnn U I vm JUUXB, W 1UU.U W B , OJllIiUS) . AlctliaUULiS, ilUHlUCl. Ail kind of eak: lumber, GLASS, Boat Material, Etc. jlBBBh 1 Boats of all Kinds Mads to Order. j 5 - ! J-Orders from a dbtanco promptly attended fo, and satisfaction guaranteed In all case. . AKNDT & FERCHEN, ASTORIA. - ORKfiON. The Pioneer Machine Shop j Mm, S H o PZMW. Boiler Shop All kinds oi ENGINE, GANNEEY, (STEAMBOAT WOEK Promptly attended to. A specialty made ot repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LATAYKTTE STEEET. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bkxioh Street, Neae Pakkek JIousk. ASTORIA, - OREGON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. j y p mm ENGINES Boiler Work, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a specialty, oa.sT'iisrcs-s- , Of nil DenorlptlonR made to Order at Short Xntlre. A. D. Waps, President. J. G. nusTLKK, Secretary. I. Vi Case, Treasurer. Jonx Fox, Superintendent WM. EDGAR, ASTOIHA, ... OEEGON. Dealer In Xigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes Meerschaum and Brier Pipes, Stationery -and Optical Coods, Joseph Itodgera and Wostenholm GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY Revolvers and Cartridges. TF.H.THA5I AXU EF.OI Gold and Silver Watches and Chains Fine anil Coarse Liverpool SALT. Tin Plate. Block Tin, Cuu.stic Hodn, For sale ex "Warehouso at Portland or Astoria by AiiFocn, Gi'Tnmr. a co. dtf Portland, Or. .Barbour's No. 40 I2-Ply SALMON TWINE 1 CORK MB LEAD LINES, SEINE TWINES. A Full Stock Now on Hand. HENRY DOYLE & CO., ! SU Market Street, San FranclHco Solo Agents for the Pacific Coast. ' t rr 'tnm rritm T -wTsn.m AND Bracket Work A SPECIALTY. I . BUSINESS CARDS. Ef ;. HOLDS'.', UTxVltT PUBLIC, AL'CTIONEl'.It, COMMISSION AM' SUItANCK AGENT. IN- Q.KJLO F. I'AUKEIt. SURVEYOR OF Clataop County, and City or Astoria Otflce :- Chenamus street, Y. M. C. A. hall KuoraNo.s. r . miiii.vRD, Attorney at ISTr. OFFICK AT ST. HELENS, OBEGON. "Will attend terms of Court at Astoria, Kal.tnia.uiu Portland, Attorney and Counselor at Law. se-Offlce in Pythian Building. Booms 11, 12. ASTOKIA, - - - OREGON. TAX TUTTIiE, 31. I. PHYSICIAN AND SUEGEONi Office Kooms 1, 2, and 3. Fythlon Build ing. Kesidknce Over J. E. Thomas' Drug Store. O P. IUCKS, . PENTIST, ASTORIA, - OREGON Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, comer of Ciss mid Sqemocqhe streets. Q. A. BOWLBY. ATTORNEY AT LAW. Chonamus Street. - ASTORIA. OREGON Piano Lessons With Use of Piano. MRS. J. W. RUDDOCK Terms moderate. Adler's book store. Orders may bo left at G. A. STINSON & CO., BLACKSMITHING, At Cnpt. Rogers old stand, comer ot Casg and Court Streets. Ship nnd Cannery work, florseahoeliijr. Wagons mado and repaired. Good work uunranjeed. jr. wektusi$kh. i. TrEirrnEiiTKu M. WERTHEIMER & BR0. M.VNUFACTURERS OF FINE Havana and Domestic Cigars No. 518. Front St. San Francisco i. W. CASE, IMt'ORTKIt AND WHOLESALE ANDRE TAIL DEALER IN &EMBAL HRCHfflSE Corner Chenamus and Cass streets. ASTORIA ... OREGON FOR SALE ! I offer for salo my ranch near Sklpa non in this County; it consists of 160 ACRES, Eljjhly Acres improved, with Reed dwelling House ; Ttrn SnrnM, Out Houses, etc. f A Fine Orchard. Everything is well Improved and In pood condition. A large assortment of Farming: Implements, Throe 1'asscnger Coaches. One RuffgJT, ?iiuc Head Horses, Cattle, Hogs, Etc. This affords a rare chanco for a man to section" in the state. ge' a good home in the oldest settled Terms favorable to ono meaning busi ness. C.A.MAVIH.