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SBsersssEsQSBa Vol. xyiii. Astoria, Oregon. Wednesday Morning, March 7, 1883. No. 134 THE MEN WHO ? NEVER PAY. Deadheads of all Sorts and Qualities -From the Chicago Times. The rise, progress, and develop ment of the noble art of traveling without paying for it is so broad and comprehensive, and there is associated with it such a wreath of poetic coloring, romantic fancy, and dull, cold actuality, that the experiences of a famous railway "beat," as related to a reporter of the limes, cannot fail to be inter esting. A well-dressed young man, who has become a famous deadhead on many of our railroad lines, thus told the story of his wandering over the ceuntry: "I've passed through it all; have felt the exhilerating influence of various kinds of rebuffs. You &ee, the more obstacles a man, meets the loftier his soul soars, and sometimes it gets pretty sore, I can assure 3-ou. Probably the lowest form of free travelling is on the trucks of a freight car. It certainly is the vilest. I've seen fellows work that 'racket' for thousands of miles, though. Down south it's a great snap with the I pickaninnies. The 'fakir' who wants to travel badly enough to do this throws himself under the car while standing, and then seeks an easy position on the cross-bar of the brake. Experts don't care whether the car is moving or not, and where the trainmen are 'onto you' it is usually useless to get on while the train is standing as you are mighty sure to get fired befoi c starting. I've seen fly travellers who happened to stand near the track when a train was leaving a station at the rate of eighteen miles an hour suddenly turn, catch the side ladder, and in an instant throw themselves under the car and take a seat on the brake. This is dangerous work, however. A single miscalculation would re sult in instant death, as the train would pass over the body and make sausage meat of the ambi tious youth. This class of parasites it is hard to clear from a train, though I've seen a long freight train stopped in California and all hands engage in an attempt to rid it of these barnacles. Stones would be used freely, and probes, but when the train started, nine chances out of ten some one would catch on. Of course this scheme is worked on passenger as well as freight cars. A year or two ago I saw a couple of fellows get off of a Michigan Central express who had come to Chicago from Michigan City. At that time the Michigan Central had in use an apparatus for con fining the dust under the cars. Well, sir, when those fellows got off and stood up, the dust and sand rattled down their pantaloon legs until they could with difficulty wade out of the hill of Indiana and Michigan soil. In Montana the trainmen sometimes shoot salt into these train crabs, and in Ari zona I am informed that "trains "are robbed so often that little discre tion is used in discrimating be tween the various kinds of travellers, and cold lead is poured into all alike. Another plebeian way of travelling is on the bumpers between the cars. This is particularly hazard ous, and if an accident happens to the train almost sure death. You will remember how seven 'tramps' were killed on a derailed freight train in Iowa last summer. No tramp vrho has a spark of pride in his profession will adopt this mode of traveling except as a last resort. One of the greatest 'snaps,' how ever, is the blind baggage and mail cars on passenger and express trains. These cars have no end doors, and once seated on the platform after'the train is started you are sure to go until the next stop. It is especially easy to work this on a dark night. " The method is to jump off at every station 'and run ahead or hide behind some thing, and just as the train starts spring quickly and noiselessly on agrain. For several months in the summer, several years ago, I traveled tiiis wa' exclusively. I became pretty skillful and could work, on an average, 150 miles in a night. Sometimes I would make, a bad break and get left, but not often. Occasionally I have failed to make connections in getting to my seat on the blind mail car, owing to the rapid movement of the train. In those cars I would catch the railing of the last sleeper on the passenger, and if the train man was standing there I would walk on through the train and take nry chances of getting to the next station. If no one was present, as is usually the case, I would quickly mount the back railing and climb on top of the car, where I would Ho flat on my back and study astronomy until the next station was reached. In this way 1 was always invisible and rarely got caught. This method is worked extensively in the north in the summer atfd fall, but in the winter it is too cold, and mostly confined to the south, California,and the southwestern territories. Any man who has nerve can work it at all seasons, however. I once made 500 miles on the Central Pacific from Ogdcn west, on the emigrant train. The conductor only goes through the train once, and gives back no checks. Well, I got on at Corinne, about 15 miles west of Ogdcn, and watched the conductor. He began to look at the tickets of the passengers at the front end of the train. Well, I watched him until we came to a heavy grade and the train was running very slow. I simply jumped to the ground and ran a car, getting on behind the conductor. For the next twelve hours I had no more trouble. When the next conduc tor came I repeated the running act. This game I kept up until I got to Reno, Nov., on the Utah and Northern Oregon and Colorado roads. A great scheme is to sugar the yardmaster and have him seal you up in a freight car. The part' must have a sharp knife. With this he cuts a round hole nearly through in the vicinity of the lock while on his journey, and when he arrives he knocks a hole through the door and pulls out the plug or breaks the seal fastening to the door, and walks away. On the Louisville and Nashville, Illi nois Central, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe, and many other roads, 'empties' arc run with open doors, affording ample facilities to travelers, though sometimes the tables are turned by a trainman, who slyly locks the door which the traveler has closed in order to be more solitary. I rember coming over the Iron mountain once in a box car filled with cotton bales. Some officious meddler shoved the end door together, and I remained in that car four days, finally gaz ing upon God's glorious sunlight once more in the city of Cincin nati." . "Did you ever get caught?" "Not often, though I cannot tell La lie. 1 do not wholly deny the soft impeachment. Years ago it was a common thing for twenty or thirty toughs to board a train in California and ride as far as they wanted. It was a strange sight to see the old miners, each with a blanket, riding on top of the freight cars. The central Pacific, however, succeded in getting some very stringent legislation through, and when fellows in small numbers accepted the courtesy ot a ride without pay, they were suddenly, severely, and heavily sat down on. The- scheme there among the knowinir ones was for the three or four, or as many a& happened to i be captured, to swear that tluy had each paid some trainman half ; a dollar, and the justice usually dismissed the case, for if the alle gation came to the ears of the general officers of the Central Pa cific they forthwith dismissed ev ery man on that train. The doors of loaded freight cars are fre quently 'sprung' with fist plates. The 'fakir' gets in, taking his fist plate with him, and an outside party springs the door back. When the traveler has gone far enough he springs the door open with his fist plate, and walks forth. The interiors of mail cars, too, it is said, furnish excellent facilities for free riding if the mail agent is properly feed. The emigrant trains are all easy to work, and a man who can't work his way in a high-toned emigrant car from Chi cago to San Francisco in ten days has not the stuff in him out of which millionaires are made. If a fellow has a little money with which to tip the conductor, his journey will he as smooth and pleasant as the absence of rude remarks and unpleasant forebod ings can make it. The last and highest form of traveling is on passes. T usually go to the gen eral managers of the roads direct. Sometimes I'm a missionary, at other times I'm on my way to lo cate huge paper mills on the line, and again I am the editor of a leading metropolitan paper. Very often I approach a man, represent ing myself as the general manager of the Sitka, Panama and Cape Horn route, or some other line. Sometimes I boldly announce that my name is the same as that of the general manager whom I ad dress, and then suggest that I have forgotten his name. The freight departments can usually be worked in case of failure, with the general manager. I quietly say to the general freight agent that I have one hundred cars of string beans that I want to ship in a week, but must arrange for their reception at destination. Will he give me a pass over his line and connections to Yokahama and re turn? To be sure he will. Well, its getting late. Give ray compli ments to the railroad men of Chi cago. Adios' "Adios." Speaking with a general Super intendent of one of the lead ing Western roads yesterday, he told the reporter that a freight train had not left Chicago for ten years that did not carry a dead head either under the trucks, in some freight car, on the engine, in front of the engine, or jast back of and behind the cowcatcher, in a vacant place in which if a tramp once gets snugly stowed, he is safe for a ride until the train stops. The number of passes issued by the railroads has of late 3'cars grown -to enormous numbers. Some of the great Western roads, it is stated, issue as high as five thousand annual passes, while trip passes are munificently handed over to almost anybody who has the assurance to apply. iood Tor Babies, With a baby nt breast nothing is so useful for quieting tny own and baby's nerves as Parker's Ginger Tonic It prevents bowel complaints, and is bet ter than any stimulant to give strength and appetite. A Newark Mother. Ladies and all sufferers from neu ralgia, hysteria and kindred com plaintswill find without a rival Brown's Iron Bitters. ifPf ill Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago, Backache, Soreness of the Chest, Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell- ings and Spraihs, Burns and Scalds, General Bodily Pains, Toofh, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet and Ears, and all other Pains and Aches. No Preparation on earth equals St. Jacoes Oil as a safe, sure, simple and cheap External Bemrdy. A trial entails but tha conpaialirely triflifls outlay of 50 (Ynt and erery one suffer ing with pain can haTO cheap and fciitive proof of iti claims. Irtrcctlons In Eleven Languages. B0LDBYALLDBUQGISTSANDDEALEH3 IN HEDIOIKE. A. VOG-EIiSR &, CQM Baltimore, 2ud., XT. S. A. People who are wintering in the sunnv clime of Florida resort to odd ways of amusement in the evening. One of these is to go in large numbers, with bright lanterns into the woods where the suspen ded moss peculiar to that locality hangs thickes-. The clTcct with the lighted lantern is weird and impressive in the extreme, the forest resembles a vast cave, from the roof of which hangs down all these mossv banners. MOTHERS, READ. Ghnts: About nine years r.Ro I 1: l :i child two year- oltl and almost U.mjiI. Tl.e dot-tor I hud attending her eouid im' tiI 7hht ailed her. 1 asked him if he d'-i ? ot think it was worms, lie said no. how ever, this did not satisfy me, as 1 fe'i oi vinccd in my own mind Hint Mi h .d. I obtained a bottle or IK. C. 3IeUX!.S CELKimATKDVKIlMXFURKlgcr.liilio). I gave, her a teaspoon ful in the morning andanotheratnight.afterwhu-ht-hei n sed seventy-two worms and was a well eh Id. Since then I have never been witl.c.u? it in my family. The health of my eh I .:t u remained m uood that I had isotrlr ted watching tiieir actions until about it r weeks ago, when two of them nnii.:rl the same Mckly appearance that I . n did nine years as;o. So I thought ii must he worms and went to work at o:n with a bottle of ik. c. :hci,am;v; w: .i- FUGI between tour of my children. i.. r aj;ej being as follews: Alice, tf yi miv; i imr loy, lyeors; Kmma.Uyetr-; .lolin.'.'.a:s Kor comes the result: Alice and i.:i.i:in came out all iight,but Charley pr.st d f.ri -live and Johnny about Mxty worms. 1 1 e result was so gratifying that I sn!s two days in showing the wondrrful 1Kti t your Vermifuge around rticii. i.nd now have the worms on exhibition iii mv store. Your, truly, JOHN PIPER. The Genuine 1IC C 3IrI.Ai:S VEIt MirUGi: is manufactured only by Fleming Bros., Pittsburgh, Pa., an I Ifcar the signatures of C. Mrlmo anil riemlnjr Urns, it i. never made in St. Isolds or Wheeling.. H aure you get the gcMiire Price. 25 cents Iwttle. FLK3IDIG HKOS., ritblmrgii, Pa. DflWPlS! l1 WW 1E& Absolutely Pure. This powder never varies. A man-el of purity. strength and v.holesomcness. Mote economical than the ordinary Kinds and cannot be sold in comp tition with the mul titude of low test, short weight, alum or phosphate lKinders. Sold oulji in emu, korAi. Baking 1'owdik Co.. ice "WalJ-it. N.Y. Shiloh's Catarrh lleincdy a posi tive cure for Catarrh, Diptficria and Canker 3Iouth. Sold by W.E.Dement 7"i zr v.l3Esj?5a BURlTMATTSHir Ltus ui V fi'u us id CsnATia? bifl Sail C1. II. STICKEI.S A. 31. JOHNSON & Co., Dealers in SMfl Ctaillery and Groceries CROCKERY & CLASS WARE. Aho "Wholesale Dealers in Fuiiiis. Oils. VnrnLsIies, Glass, I'ntly. Artists' Oil and Water t'oIoi'H. I"aint anil Kalno- mine IJruslie.s. Constautlv on hand n full and choice stock of Staple and Fanev Groceries Only tho Best Kept. Our stock ot t'roekery and Glass Ware is the larsst and most Compjete stock eeropftied in Astoria. Consisting of Te.t and Dinner Sets, Toilet Sets. Glass, l-nut. ami tor sets, jjar fixtures. A.e Mu;sj. Ponies. Uit'stie Bottles Goblets, Tum blers Leii.onnde Cups, &c , AC. Every thins said ar lowest Living Rates. Quality Guaranteed. An Examination will more than repay you. HC- S. .SXEEX. DKVLKK IX Hay, Oats, Straw. Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand Yl'oort Delivered, to Order, Draying, Teaming and Express Business. Horses ana Carriages for Hire. DEALEB IX WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. F1KST CkASS H V CELEBRATED Q A STOMACH TTEBS Invalid who are recorcrins vital stamina, declare in grateful terms thoir appreciation of the merits asn tonic, of Hostcttcr's Stom ach Bitter'. Not only doca it impart strength to tho weak, but it also corrects an irregular acid stato of tho stomach, makes tho bowels act at proper interval, jnves ease to those who suffer lruai rheumatic and kidnoy troub les and conquers as well as prevents fever an I acuo. tor sale by all Drugiiats and Dealers generally. Important ! ! Rend Cnrefally! ! I Hereafter all our Pure Coffees will be put up under our own private label NONE GENUINE Unless bought of A. M. JOHNSON & CO. N. J3. All :ooJs bearing: our label are guaranteed to be strictly Pure and of Best quality, and are sold by no other House. KAGNU8 G. 0ROSBY, Dealer in HARDWAEE, IRON, STEEL, Iron Pipe and Fittings, " PLUMBERS AKD STEAM FITTERS Goods and Tools, SHEET LEAD STRIP 1EAD SHEET IRON TIN AND'GOPPER, Caflnery ana FlshermGns SnpDlies Stoves, Tin Ware and House Furnishing Goods. J03BING IN SHEET IRON, TIN, COP PER PLUMBING and STEAM FITTING Done with rcatness and dispatch. None out tlrt dais workmen employed. A large assortment of; SCALE? Constantly on hand t. .IOHXSOX. WILLIAM HOWE DEALER IX Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber. All kinds of OAK LUMBER, i GLASS, Boat Material, Etc. I'lr5 t Tiiiws j Boats of aU Kinds Made to Order, j asaaaa"a"aaaBa'aaiaaaaaasai'iiaaaaaaaaaaiBtaaa"aiJ ""Orders from a distance promptly atteuded to, and satisfaction guaranteed In all cases. S. AENDT & EERCHEN, ASTORIA. - OREGON. The Pioneer Machine Shop l?5i BLACKSMITH STI CkT y-f JUL. W ju .ifJJJJJJJlJJJjr5&2'C. l3Fr and tffafiiKirffHfe; Boiler Shop wiypg AU kinds of ENGINE, CANNERY, AND STEAMBOAT WORK Promptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bkstox Stiiket, Near Parker House, ASTORIA. - OREGON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. - LAiDiMMH(i Boiler Work, Steamboat Work, and Cannery Work a specialty. Or all Descriptions made to Orrtcx at Short Xotlce. A. D. Wass, President. J. (J. Hostler, Secretary. I.Vf. Case, Treasurer. JOHX Fox, Superintendent WM. EDGAR, ASTORIA, --- OREGON. Dealer In Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes Meerschaum and Brier Pipes, Stationery and Optical Goods, Joseph Rodgers and Wostenholm GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLER Revolvers and Cartridges. WAI.TIIAM AND EI.GIJ Gold and Silver Watches and Chain Fine and Coarse Liverpool SALT. Tin Plate, Block Tin, 4aiiHtic Soda, For sale ex Warehouse at Portland or Astoria by B AliFOUIt, GUTHRIE & CO. dtf Portlaiid, Or. Barbour's No. 40 I2-Ply SALMON TWINE! CORK Mil LEAD LINES, SEINE TWINES. A Full Stock Now on Hand. HENRY DOYLE' & CO., Sll Market Street. Saa Francisco Solo Agents for the Pacific Coast. AND Bracket Work A SPECIALTY. BUSINESS CARDS. XI C. IK01iX. NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN SURANCE AGENT. r EliO F. PAIULBS. SURVEYOR OF Clatsop County, and City of Astorlu Office :-Chenamus street, Y.M. C. A. hall Room No. 8. "P B. WIXTON, Attorney and Counselor at Law. es-Offlce in Pjthian Building. Rooms 11, 12. ASTORIA, - - - OREGON. JAY TCTTIiE. 31. B. PHYSICIAN AND SUEGEON. Offick Rooms 1, 2, and 3. Pythian Build ing. Rksidknce Over J. E. Thomas' Drug Store. TJX P. HICKS, PENTIST, ASTORIA, - - - OREGON Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, corner of Cass and Sqemocqhe streets. J. Q. A. BOWLBY. ATTORNEY AT LAY. Cneuamus Street. - ASTORIA, ORKGOt1 M. WEKTIIKIMEn. I. VrKRTnElMFK fil. WERTHElPdER & BRO. MANUFACTURERS OF FINE Havana and Domestic Cigars No. 5 18, Front St. San Francisco Dressmaking. Plain and Fancy Sewing, Suits made in tho Lest Stylo and Guaranteed to Fit Mrs. T. S; Jewett. ROOMS OVER MRS. E. S. "WARREN'S.! G. A. STINSON & CO., BLACKSMITH1NG, At Capt. Rogers old stand, corner ol Cass and Court Streets. Ship and Cannery work. Horseshoeing. Wagons made and repaired. Good work guaranteed. L W. CASE, IMPORTER AND WHOLESALE ANDRE TAIL DEALER IN &EEEAL MERCHANDISE 'orner Cuenamus and Cass streets. ASTORIA - -. - OREGON Ml SALE ! I offer for sale my ranch near Skipa non in this County; it consists of 160 ACRES, Eighty Acres improved, with good dwelling Souse : Two Barns, Out Houses, etc.; A Fine Orchard. Everything is well improved and in good condition. A large assortment of Farming Implements, Three X'nsscnger Coaches. One Kuggy, Nine Head Horses, Cattle, Hogs, Etc. This affords a rare chance for a man to get a good home in the oldest settled section in the state. Terms favorable to one meaning busi ness. C. A. MAC.VIJITI. Notice. STATE AND COUNTY TAXES FOR THE year 1882, are now due and can be paid at my ofllce at the Court House, d-wtf A. M, TWOMBLY, Sheriff.