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fij Vol. xix. Astoria, Oregon, Friday Homing, April 6, 1883 No. 5. THE RAILROAD MAP. The great mass of humanity that is continually jostling along the busy walks of life may be fully aware of the power that is wielded by railroad corporations. Thous ands of people know that a rail road can revolutionize the entire business of a country and turn a wilderness into a city; yet how few of them understand that a bald-headed general passenger agent can in a few moments move mountains, plains, states and riv ers as easily as if they were figures on a chess-board. Those who have never witnessed a general passenger agent building the out lines of a new map for his road, have missed one of the most sooth ing scenes of life. Let the little school boy stop rubbing his sore nose and glance for a moment at the railroad map, and note how powerful is the brain of man. Let the old and dignified merchant cease thinking about business, take one look and be come enlightened. Here is the map. Do you see that straight red line? Yes? Well, that is the railroad. See how straight it runs, Look here and you will see where San Francisco is situated. If you notice you .will find that it is just across the street from New Or leans, and is looking the latter city square in the eyes. They never knew how close they were to each other until they saw the new map. Now, there is Shreveport. It is about three or four miles from New Orleans and in speaking dis tance ol St. Louis. The general passenger agent next year, if there is such competition, will move Shreveport down a few miles and consolidate it with the upper limits of New Orleans, and make San Francisco walk away from the Pacific ocean and settle down somewhere east of the Rocky mountains. Don't smile, please; you don't know what the general passenger agent can do when he gets started. He can go to work and leave out such a city as Astoria, and in great big letters write Kalama all across the mouth of the Columbia, and fool people that way. He doesn't lie, ho only forgets. Did you ever see the general passenger agent making a map? No? Well he takes a ruler and draws a straight line from one point to another. That point represents his railroad. He then moves a couple of states and dozen towns out of the way so as to make room for his road. Some times he gets Arkansas away down in Florida, but he can't help it. After he has got the states fixed and the towns located, he draws a regular spiral coil all over the map. If it is not crooked enough to suit him he rubs it out and draws amother. This is the op position railroad. This map when completed is given to the passenger agent, who tells the traveler that it is absurd to buy a ticket by the other road when he can make an air line route. He shows the passenger how crooked the other route is and how straight is his own. The passenger buys a ticket, and then is presented with a map. The poor ignorant passenger, deserves sympathy, for the reason that the oftener he studies the map the more thoroughly convinced he is that in his youth he was misin formed concerning the geography of the United States. Ho does not dream for a moment that when an opposition road is a great deal shorter the general passengcj agent draws his line that much straighter, even if ho has to go on and purchase a carpenter's "straight-edge" to do it with. The actual course of the road may be as crooked as an old ram's- horn, and may go winding all over two or three states, but the passenger sits down in the train, looks at his map, and believes Grmly that he is traveling ahead as straight as a rifle barrel. He remembers with satisfaction that when he bought his ticket the man behind the counter smiled at him and said, "As tke arrow darts so do we ran." Lumber. Carson's new steam saw mill has begun operations at New Tacoma, W. T. A new mill is being constructed in Kittitas valley, Yakima county, W. T. A new steam planing mill is being erected in Pomeroy, W. T. The new- mill on Burnt Bridge creek near Vancouver, W. T., is now ready for bubiness. A new saw mill is going up among the fine cedar trees of Brush prairie, Clark county, W. T. A lumber, lath and shingle mill has just been completed in Pleas ant valley. Baker county. The new mill of the Yamhill Lumbering Co. has commenced work and turns out 25,000 feet per day. A saw mill at Canby, Clacka mas county, is working on a con tract for 80,000 railroad ties. The mill at South Bend, Pacific county, W. T., is turning out 50,000 feet per da' and cannot fill orders. St. Helens, Columbia county, Oregon, will have two new mills and a sash and door factory this spring. A new saw mill with a daily capacity of 15,000 feet will soon be completed at Summer, Pierce county, W. T. A saw mill has been built on Assotin creek, W. T., twenty miles from Lewiston, which will be a market for its product. A cedar tree was recently cut on Johns river, W. T., measuring ninety feet in circumference and containing 1G,000 feet of lumber. The Fort Benton Boom and Lumber Co. and the Montana Lumber Co., of Billings, were recently incorporated in Montana. A mill with adailycapacity of 15,000 feet will be built on Elk river, Curry county, in the spring. Port Orford is the shipping point. During, the past season the twenty-six logging camps at Whatcom county, W. T., employed 215 hands, and cut 50,000,000 feet of logs, valued at $300,000. There is a general complaint of the scarcity of lumber for build ing purposes, though new mills are going up on every hand and old ones are running night and day. The New Tacoma Furniture Co. has begun work on its new sash, door and furniture factory at that place. A saw mill will soon be put up by the same parties. Wadhams & Elliott's new steam mill on "the Chehalis river, near Chehalis, W.T.,is 36x120 feet and cost $20,000. TJiey have 1,500, 000 feet of logs in the Newaukum river. A large furniture factory is nearly completed at Sellwood, one of Portland's new suburbs, and a saw mill to utilize timber standing on the town site will soon be built. In 1882, Dean & Co.'s mill at Marshfield, Coos county, ran 301 days, cut up 18,807 logs, and manufactured 13,111,235 feet of lumber, 2,332,000 laths, and 228, 000 broom handles. The Olympia Manufacturing Co. has been incorporated at Olympia, W. T., to build and operate a steam mill in that city for manufacturing laths, shingles, doors, sash, mouldings, etc. The Goldsborough Creek rail road Co. has been incorporated with a capital stock of $50,000, to build a logging railroad in Mason count)', W. T. Two and one-half miles will be built this season. Blackmail Bros. & Co. arc con structing a steam saw mill at Sho homish City with the present ca pacity of 15,000 feet per day. It will soon be enlarged and manu facturing machinery be intro duced. Hanson & Co., of New Tacoma, W. T., have probably the largest gang-saw in the world. It weighs 35 tons and has a capacity of 100, 000 feet of one-inch boards per day. The steel shaft is eleven inches in diameter. The catch boom to be built on the Missouri at Benton will be 275 feet long, and have five piers 1Gx32 and ten feet high. They will be connected by heavy timbers se sured together with chains and wire ropes. The swinging boom will be 350 feet long. A mill to cut 20,000 feet per day will soon be built ten miles south -of Dayton, W. T. Within a radius of sixteen miles from that city there will be running this season twenty saw and shingle mills, which will cut on an average of 135,000 feet per day. The rush for timber land has been very great all through West ern Washington this season and continues unabated. It is esti mated by mill men that the stump age of a good quarter section fa vorably situated is worth $15,000. It costs about 500 to get it from Uncle Sam. E. D. Smith began the first log ging on Snohomish river, W. T., in 1SG3, and has since cleared 1, 900 acres, getting 40,000,000 feet. The best he has averaged is 75, 000 feet to the acre, though the lands vary exceedingly in the amount of merchantable timber standing on them. Two new logging railroads have been completed near Olympia, W. T. One of them is three miles in length and uses horses for motive power. The other is a narrow gauge laid with thirty-pound iron; is equipped with the most improv ed locomotives and cars, and will open up about 5,000,000 feet of the best quality of logging timber. A logging railroad and timber chute are being constructed at Ankeny's landing on the Columbia below Cathlamet. The road will have iron rails and will be operat ed by a fifteen-ton locomotive. It will be extended gradually into the vast timber forests of the riv er, it terminates on the river bank at the top of a bluff 700 feet high, down which a course of re versed railroad iron will be con structed to guide the logs in their decent to the river. From 3.50 per 1000 feet Jin 1S79, the price of logs on Puget sound has advanced steadily sea son by season to $7.00, aud the demand is greater than ever be fore. The number of men engaged in the woods has increased three fold in three years. There is one mill that cuts 180,000 feet of lum ber daily, another 150,000 and an other that will soon handle 250,000 feet. Foreign shipments vary from 3,000,000 to 7,000,000 feet per month, while coast wise ship ments reach 15,000,000 Jeet. The home demand is supplied by about two dozen mills cutting from 2,000 to 50,000 feet per da', and the market is in a chronic state of ex haustion. West Shore. Absolutely Pure. This powder never varies. A marvel of pnmy.sirenjnnanu wnoiesomeness. .More economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannot te sold In comp tltlon with the mul titude of low test, short v eight, alum or imnspiuiie owucrx. aaia omy in can, itOVAl,UAKIoroWDEItCO.. ICC "Wall-St. I. X. ImprovementofChehalis River,W.T. U S. Engineer Office. P rortTLAxi), Oregon, March 24th 1SS3 ROl'OSALS WILL BE RECEIVED LN til 11 A- XL. Anril 21th. 1KK3. fnr winnv Ing drift and snacs from tho Channel of the uneuaus mcr. w. T. Specifications, required forms of bids and necessary Information will bo furnished on application. , CHA8.V. POWELL, ot. - CaptalB ef Engineers. P TT)nvir"f''",, B r All UTJIU t-owet J H 158 POWDER KiLnnAnlf&ii&yL FOB 3 Heuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago, Backache, Soreness of ihe Chest, Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, S wol ings and Sprains, Burns and Scalds, General Bodily Pains, Tooth, Ear and Headacho, Frosted Feet and Ears, and ell other Pains and Aches. No Preparation on c&rth equal! Sr. Jacocs Oil u a an fe, sure, simple and cheap External Remedy. A trial entails but the comparatively trifling outlay of 60 Cent, aad every one uffr ing tilth pain can haro cheap and pciiUro proof of IU claims. Directions in Eleven Language. BOLD BY ALLDSUGGISTS AHD DEALEHB III MEDI0TEE. A. VGGSXJ3R & CO., Haltlmore. 37iL, 77. 5 A. About once in twenty years the doctors re-label all the old com plaints and give them new names. Thirty odd years ago pneumonia was lung fever, sciatica plain rheu matiz. But complaints with these old-fashioned English names are bad for doctors. People get too well acquainted with them, and then they learn to cure themselves. When the doctors find them out the re-christen the whole lot. This is done by charging a gun full of Greek and Latin words and firing- into-"the old complaints. Where the shot hits the name sticks. The sick are frightened when they are told that these words are the matter with them and think something new and aw ful has got them." MOTHERS, HEAD. Gents: Abont nine years .mro I li d a child two years "Id and almost l-nt!. The doctor I had attending her could in,4 tell what ntled her. I asked Lim If he d 1 1 l think It was worms. He said no How ever, this did not jatlsfy me. a I fi i.n vinced in my own mind that -lie h.n!. I obtained a bottle of DU. C. MoLAM;s CULEIIR.VrEDYJniMirUCiKutciiuine. I gave her a teaspoonful in the momim; andanotherntniKhtiftcnvliichshei-wHl seventy-two worms and was a well cJilM. Since then I have never been withe u: it in my family. The health of my ch 1 tren remained s-o good thnt I had i-x tied watching their actions until alntti ti rco Meeks ago, when two of them ;.nriiled the same biokly appearance that fcuiuy did nine years ago. So J thought it must be worms, and m ent to work at on o with a Ix.ttlc Of DK. C. 3IcLA'i:S MXMI FUGE between four of my children, tLIr ages being as follews: Alice, 8 jvir-; ( bar ley, Syears; Emma,6ycarv; Jolin.'.iyemv Nox comes the result: Alice and I'linna came out all right.but Charley pasx-d forty five and Johnny nlxnit sixty worm1. TI.e result was so gratifying that I .pent two days In showing the wonderful oflrct of your Vermifuge around I'tlca, and now hnvethevronnson exhibition in mytore. Yours truly, JOHN PIPER. The cenulne DR. C McLASC-J VER MIFUGE is manufactured only by Fleming Bros., Pittsburgh, Pa., and bear the signatures of C. 3IcI.aiio and riftmng- JSros. it Is ncor made In M. JjOuLs or Wheeling. IV Mire you get the genu'r-c Price, 25 cents iKtttlc. FLE3IDIG BROS., Pilihlmrgh, Pa. iQSTETTElfc W CELEBRATED lg X ifcfc w STOMACH What the weat rcstorativo.Hostetter's Stom ach Bitters, will do, mast be gathered from what it has dono. It has effected radical cures in thousands of caso? of dysperia. bil ious diorders, intermittent fever, nervous af fection, general debility, constipation, sick headache, mental despondency, and tho pe culiar complaints and disabilities to which the fecblo are eo subject For sale by all Drusslsts and Tcalors generally. Millinery, Spring: Stock. "Jl fltS. MALCOLM IIAS Jl'ST P.ECMVED JjJL a splendid new stock of SPRING MILIJNERT, "Which she Is selling at prices o low that la dies will And It to their interest to she her a call before golnjj elsewhere. A large assort ment of HAIR GOODS At reasonable prices. - dtf. SCViV A 31. JOHNSON. C. H. STICKELS. A. M. JOHNSON & Co., Dealers In CROCKERY &. CLASS WARE. Also Wholesale Dealers In Paints, Oils. Varnislics, Glass, Iiitty. Artists Oil and AVatcr Colors, lnint and Kalso- mine IJrnslie.N. Constantly on hand a full and choice stock of Staple and Fancy Groceries Only tno Boat kept. Our stock of Crockery and GlasH Wnrp istheljarzcNtaud most Complete Stock e cr opened iu Astoria. Consisting ot Tea and Dinner Sets, Toilet Sets. Glass. Fruit, and W.itcr 'ets. Bar Fixtures. Ale Mugs. Tonles, Kunlc Bottles Goblets, Tum blers Lpu.on.iile Cups, &c , ic. Everything sold at Low est IJ ving Rates. Quality liunrantccd. An Examination will more than repay you. W. S. DEMENT & CO. ASTORIA, - - - OREGON Carry in Stock, DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET and FANCY ARTICLES. Prescriptions carefully Compounded, LOEB & CO., JOBBEKS TS WINES. LIQUORS, AND CIGARS. AGENTS rOit THE 8sst San Francisco Houses and Eastern. Distilleries. JSAll goods sold at San Francisco Trices. 3IAHJ STREET. Opposite Parker Donne, Astoria, Orccon. MAGNUS C. CROSBY, Dealer In HAMABS, IS, STEEL, Iron Pipe and Fittings, FLU JIBERS AXD STEAM FITTER? Goods and Tools, SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD SHEET IBOR TIN AND COPPER, CaBiiery aiifl Flslermens Supplies Stoves, Tin Ware and House Furnishing Goods. JOBBING W SHEET IRON, TIN, COP PER PLUMBING and STEAM FITTING Done with reatness and dispatch. None nut first cla'u workmen employed. A larue assortment of; SCALER Constantly on hand LOOK HERE S Vie respectfully inform the nubile that c will always keep ou hand the best quality of Fresh and Cured Meats, Choice Pamily Groceries, Fresh Fruits, Vegetables, Crockery and Glass-ware. hips. Hotels and Boarding Houses sup plied on liberal terms. A share of thepublic patronage Is respect- ittity solicited. dtf. WAItREN & THOMPSON. CROCKERY! CROCKERY! Just received at A. M. JOHNSON & CO'S Another large shipment of Crockery. Consisting of Dlauer and Tea Sets, Glass Sets, Water Sets, Toilet Sets Bar Glasses aud Kottles or all kinds. Cigar LIzHtero. Tabic Cutlery, rials, and Plated Castor, Ornamental Hand Lamps ratmt Scir-extlBZHlsblnz Jamp Kuril en., I.aI5atce Lamp Cblninrys, alt sizes, Lamp Kcduccr.s, Lamp fehades, pa- pernml porcrlaln and Illuminators !ean I'ot, and Flower Pot, Stone Jars, all Mzc. CROCKERY Of all kinds and descriptions. It will pay j cu to call and examine, Tne largest stock of CKOfcKEBY In town HANSEN BROS. HAVE REMOVED! From their old quarters to their NEW SHOP And Factory near Kinney's Cannery Notice io Settle. BEING DESIROUS OF CLOSING DP Ac counts all parties indebted to D. 1C "Wakuex will please call at an early date and settle. dtf. CLEAE THE TRACK! .D.Kant Who Before As usual, with a . TREMENDOUS SPRIN& STOCK! OF Man's Wearing JLpparel. iui3iaiiiuiinnntiiiciiu2i2as:siuEfii3iiisEa3S3iiiiuuiiiuiiiii Without n doubt he will be "TheBoss" "TheBoss" in in s Mes, Youths, Boys' Clothing. "THE BOSS' Gents Furnishing Goods, txlini UOOtS, fn "THE BOSS" BLANKET SHIRTS- m Ij CaPs straw and Felt and U; HATS Flannel Wear. In Fine Styles. Bt3BS3I31S33B33l313I3BU33aa83333ai3aiB3BBBI31C31Ea3B3833S3B3a3BB333BB3BBl THE BOSS TAILOK, With an Immense Stock of Cloths, Cassimeres, Tweeds. THREE FACTS TO THE PUBLIC. He will make you Prices Lower than any other house in the city. You can pick front the Largest Yariety of goods in this city. He will give you better value for your money than any other store in this city. Don't fail to call ou "THE BOSS" M. D. KANT. WILLIAM HOWE -DEALER IX- Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber. All kinds of OAK LUMBER, GLASS, Boat Material, Etc. j Boats of all Sinds Made to Order, j 5-Onlcrs from a distance promptly attended to, and satisfaction guaranteed in all cases. S. ARNDT & EEECBEN, ASTORIA. - OREGON. The Pioneer Machine Shop . ,i5smSSS& OlidUAOJUllU BHOP4aBMgfe AND SIPSl'9 c55'SR'J5Bp?Ml Boiler Shop pKlKs "-sfy All kinds of ENGINE, CANNEEY, AXD STEAMBOAT WORK Promptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bkktox Street, Neab Takeer Housf, ASTORIA. - OREGON. CENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LAND ifflARINB BN0INB8 Boiler Work, Steamboat Work, and Cannery Work a specialty. Ofall Descriptions niaile to Order at Short Notice. A. D. "W'AS3, President. -J. G. Hustler, Secretary. I. W. Case, Treasurer. JonrFox, Superinte nden TAILORING, Cleaning Hepaijing. NEAT. CHEAP AND QUICK, BY GEORGE LOVETT. Main Street, opposite N. Loeb's, FOlt "TheBoss." I is Coming the Public Iine Neckwear m Shirts, Collars and Cutis, CO "THE BOSS" TV q Boots, Shoes and Slippers AND , Bracket Work A SPECIALTY. BUSINESS CAUDS. in c. hoijDex, NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN SURANCE AGENT. r el.o i PAitKJin. SURVEYOR OF Clatsop County, and City of Astoria Ottlce :-Chenamus street, Y. M. 0. A. hall Room No. 8. Attorney and Counselor at Law. ea-Ornce In Pythian Building. Rooms 11, 12. ASTORIA, - - - - OREGON. TAY TBTTIiE, 31. I. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Office Rooms 1, 2, and 3. Pythian Build ing. Residence Over J. E. Thomas' Drug Store. Tjl P. HICKS, PENTIST, ASTORIA, - - - OREGON Rooms In Allen's building up stairs, comer of Cass and Sqeraocqhe streets. I Q. A. BOWLBY. ATTORNEY AT LAW. , Chenamus btrcet. - ASTORIA. OREGON GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY. Bills of Exchange on any Part of Europe. AM AOHNT FOR THE FOLLOWING well known and commodious steamship lines : STATE LINE, RED STAR, WHITE STAR, HAMBURG-AMERICAN. DOMINION LINE, NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE. Prepaid Tickets to or from any European port. For fnll Information as to rates of fare, sailing days, etc., apply to I. W. CASE. A Nasal Injector free with each bottle of Shiloh's Catarrh. Remedy. Price 50 cent Sold by W, E. Dement.