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m,hfc -IJIJvJrJlll'JH' Astoria, Oregon, Sunday Morning, May 13, 1883 No. 38. Vol. six. BY MAIL AND TELEGRAPH- Dynamite. Wlioop La! London, May 11. The follow ing programe for the opening of the International Fisheries exhi bition to-morrow has been ar ranged: The diplomatic corps, members of the ministry and exhi bition authorities will assemble in the dais in the building at 11:30 o'clock. The Princess of Wales and her sons will arrive at noon. The royal procession, headed by the exhibition officials and followed by the foreign and colonial com missioners, will pass through the British sea fish galleries and loreitrn courts. After that the national anthem will be given by a chorus of 400 voices and seventy pieces. On reaching the dais, the Duke of Richmond will de liver an address and the Prince of Wales will reply to it, in the name of the Queen. The Archbishop of Canterbury will delivera special prayer, and then, amid the blast of trumpets and firing of salutes, the exhibition will be declared opened. IManl so SIoit. Berlin, May 10. Bismarck is becoming daily more and more emaciated, and physicians have informed him that the worst may happen if he does not abandon all state work for the present. Anti-Monopoly, New York, May 11. The World, under its new manage ment, announces its political plat form. The following is an extract: "To-day we arc confronted by a struggle in different guise. Organ ized privilegists, coveting and possessing exclusive rights under the aegis of chartered monopolism, undermine of political freedom now more than 100 years ago. It is for true democracy to preserve political freedom now as it estab lished political freedom in former days. To this duty the World is pledged.' Still FlsbtiBC San Francisco, May 11. A dispatch this morning from Her mosillo, Mexico, says: Colonel Torres returned last night from Sierra Madrus, where he has been pursuing the Apaches for twenty days. He found them entrenched in a stronghold in the mountains and attacked with 300 troops. The troops flanked the hostiles, charg ing them at the rear at the point of the bayonet. The Indians fled leaving eleven dead. Five sol diers were killed and eight seri ously wounded. Colonel Torres says the Apaches fight savagely; they are armed with repeating rifles. Torres thinks the Indian troubles in Sonora are ended. The troops returned to Guamasa, Montezuma, "with the wounded and to replcuish their rations. A conspicuous illustration of the St. Jacobs Oil as a remedy for rheumatism is found in J. A. Bon ham, the well-known lawyer of Philadelphia, Pa., who thus tells his experience: "About two weeks ago I was seized with what the doctor called muscular rheu matism in my right leg. The leg below the knee was swollen until I could hardly stand upon it. I liad seen St. Jacobs Oil advertised, and I sent to the drug store near my house, on the corner of Nine teenth and Master streets, for a bottle of it. I rubbed my leg with it that night, and in a short time the pain seemed to go away. Next morning the swelling had shifted from under the ankle to the upper part of the knee. Well I applied the Oil again, and the swellinc in a short time went away, leaving a very slight pain. I didn't use any more of the Oil, thinking that the attack was all over. About a week later it ap peared again in the same place. The leg swelled so badly that, af ter coming down and walking sev eral squares, I gave completely out. Well, I went home intend ing to try some French medicine, but I forgot to get it, and having a part of this bottle of St. Jacobs Oil in the house yet, I tried it again, bathing the limb thorough ly. Well, sir, when I got up in the morning the pain and swel ling were both almost gone, and after one more application I was as well as ever, and from that time to this I haven't been troubled." Dynamite is one of the many products or combinations of nitro glycerine, and is about thirteen times as powerful as gunpowder. The discovery of this dangerous and potent explosive was made in 1846 by Ascagne Sobrero, then a pupil in the laboratory of Pelouze, the eminent French chemist, who devoted twenty years of his life to the investigation of the chemistry of oils and fats. Sobrero, having tried a series of experiments, eventually made explosive prep arations from dextrine, mannite, cane sugar, and glycerine. The announcement of the discovery caused a sensation in the scientific world, but for some years, so dan gerous and so treacherous was the new explosive, that few attempted in any way to utilize it. The force and power were there to do almost anything, but then the ma terial was liable to explode pre maturely, and without any appar ent provocation, and for a long time scientific men alone knew of its existence. Sometime about 1863 or 1864: Henry and Alfred Nobel, practical mining engineers, began to experiment with nitro glyceiine as a blasting agent, and found it so effective and so econo mical that they at once took out patents in various countries, claim ing that they were the inventors ef the compound. Their claim to the invention is clearly unfounded, as Sobrero had demonstrated the existence of nitro-sugar, nitro dextrine,and nitro-glycerine nearly a score of years before, but there can be no question that the No bels first applied the patent ex plosive to its legitimate uses. The Nobels were not successful in their earlier efforts, owing to the large number of grave acci dents caused by nitro-glycerine in Norway and Germany, where hun dreds of blasters lost their lives through ignorance or carelessness; so finally they gave up the use of the explosive in its original form. They now confine their trade to a mixture of rotten stone and gly cerine, which formes the com pound so widely known as dyna mite. Dynamite was patented in the United States May 20, 1868, the patent being granted to Alfred Nobel of Hamburg, Irermany, as signor to John Bandmann of San Francisco. It consists of a combi nation of nitro-glycerine with a substance of great absorbent pow er such for instance as fuller's earth or rotten stone. Bv this combination the explosiveness of the nitro-glycerine is controlled, as it were, and the compound is capable of withstanding all the ordinary dangers of transportation, while at the same time its explo sive power is not lessened. Our Northwest Boundary. j The whole of the northwest boun dary of the United States, from Michigan to Alaska, has been dis tinctly marked by the British and American commissioners; and some interesting details have been published of the way in which this difficult task was accomplished. The boundary is marked by stone cairns, iron pillars, wood pillars, earth mounds and timber posts. These structures vary from five feet in height to fifteen feet and there are 385 of them between the Lake of the Woods and the base of the Rocky Mountains. That portion of the boundary that lies east and west of the Red River valley is marked by cast iron pil lars at even mile intervals. The British place one every two miles aud the United States one between each British post. The posts are hollow iron castings. And upon the opposite faces are cast in let ters two inches high, the inscrip tion, "Convention of London," and "October 20. 18S1." The average weight of each pillar when completed is eighty-five pounds. Where the line crosses lakes, mountains of stone have been built, the bases being in some places IS feet under water, and the tops projecting some eight feet above the surface of the lakes at high water mark. In the forests, the line is marked by felling the timber a rod wide and clearing away the underbrush. As might be imagined, the work of cutting through the timbered swamps was very great, but it has all been carefully and thoroughly done. The Dillars are set four feet in the ground in ordinary cases, with their inscription faces to the north and south, and the earth is well settled and stamped about them. The iron posts afford little temptation for dislodgment and conveying away by Indians or others. a llasL'?: si sb A - te - orJl HE H so. m THE5REAT MAN REM FOB EHEUMA A.M. JOHXSOK. C. H. STICKELS. A. M. JOHNSON & Co., Dealers in CROCKERY & CLASS WARE. Also "Wholesale Dealers In Faints, Oils, Vnrnislics, Glass. Piiity. Artist' Oil and "Water Color.,, l'niiit ami Kalso- m i iic Brushes. Constantly on hand a full and choice stock of Staple ami Fancy Croceries Only tho Bost kept. Uir Mock or Croclscry and Glass Ware h the Largest and most Complete Stock ever opened in Astoria. Consisting of Tea and Dinner Sets, Toilet Sets. Glass, Fruit, :md Water Sets. Bar Fixtures. A.e Mus. Ponies, Rustic Bottles Goblets, Tum blers Len onade Cups, &c , c. Everything sold at lowest living Kates. Quality Guaranteed. An Examination will more than repay you. Heuralqia, Sciatica, Lumbago, Backache, Soreness of the Chest, Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell ings and Sprains, Burns and Scafds, General Bodily Pains, Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet and Ears, and all other Pains and Aches. No Preparation en earth equals St. Jacoes Oii. ai a safe, sure, simple and cheap External' Bemedy. A trial entail but the comparative trifllnc outlay of 50 Cents, and every one suffer ing with pain can hare cheap and potitiro proof of iu claims. Directions In Ele-en Languages. BOLD BY ALLDEUGGI8TS AHDDEALEEB IHHEDIOIffE. A. VOGELER &, CO., Baltimore, 2Zd, V. S. A. The largest milk-pan on record has just been made for an Iowa creamery. It will hold 600 gal lons without water. W. S. DEMENT & CO. -a-or Grist's. ASTORIA, - - - OREGON Carry in Stock, DRUGS, CHEMICALS, TOILET and FANGY ARTICLES. Prescriptions carefully Compounded, WILLIAM HOWE "B,1",Mil,M-"'M,l"""""','"l'" DEALER IX Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber. All kinds of OAK LUMBER, GLASS, Boat Material, Etc. AND Bracket Work A SPECIALTY. ! Boats of all Kinds Made to Order, j :, ..........! J-Orders from a distance promptly attended to, and satisfaction guaranteed in all cases Three factories in the United States consume nearly two million eggs a year in making a peculiar kind of paper used by photographers. SYMPTOMS OF A DISEASED LIVER. WB$ i-c tizi T-rv RTTHaii3 Pain in tho right side, under edge ot ribs, Increasing on pressure: sometimes tlio pain is on tho leftside; tue patient is rarely able to lie- on tho left side; some times the pain is felt under the shoulder aud is Eomctimes taken for Rheumatism in the arm. The stomach, is affected with loss or appetite and sickness; the bowels In general are costive, sometimes alter nating with laxity; the head Is troubled with pain, accompanied with adul!,heay sensation in Hie back part. There Is gener ally n considerable loss of memory, accom panied with a painful sensation of having left undone something which ought to have been done. A slight, dry cough is sometimes attendant. The patient com plain"? of weariness and debility; he is easily startled; his feet arc cold or burn ing, and he complains of a prickly scusa- HUH Ul IUV .-lull, ilia opinio mo iuiii.nu, although he is satisfied that exercise would be beneficial to him, yet he can scarcely summon up fortitude enough to try it. LOEB & CO., JOBBERS IN WINES. LIQUORS, AND CIGARS. AGENTS FOU THE Best San Francisco Houses and Eastern Distilleries. Tumblers Decanters, and All Kinds of Saloon Supplies. j-All goods sold at San Francisco Prices. MAIN STREET, Opposite Parker Ilouse. Astoria, Oregon. S. ARKDT & EERCHEN, ASTORIA. - OREGON. The Pioneer Machine Shop BLACKS3nTH SHOP AKD Boiler Shop All kinds of ENGINE, CANNERY, AND STEAMBOAT WORK Promptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing OAJSTNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. -ffi5sg - BUSINESS CARDS. E. C. IIOIiDKN, NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN SURANCE AGENT. p ELO F. F1RKR. SURVEYOR OF ClatHop Couniy.and City of Astoria Office :-Chenamu3 street, Y. M. O. A. hall Room No. S. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bzktok Stbket, Near Parker House, ASTORIA, - OREGON. Attorney and Counselor at Law. jca-Ofnce in Pythian Building. Rooms 1113 ASTORIA, - - OREGON. JAY TUTTIiE, M. . PHYSICIAN AND SUEGEOH Office Rooms 1, 2, and S. Pythian Build ing. RESiDKNca-Oyer J. E. Thomas' Drug Store. A new use has been discovered for oyster shells. For years they have been used for the manufac ture of lime as manure, for deco rative purposes, and in the prepa ration of a cheap imitation of marble; but it is now found that they can be better utilized by being thrown iu quantities into the sea, where they make the best possible foundation for new oyster beds. In July and August next many ship loads of these empty shells will be sunk by English and French oyster farmers in various places suitable for the purpose, and a few healthy living oysters will then be dropped upon the same spots. Experiments have proved that under such conditions the bivalves will shortly multiply to an almost incredible extent; and in so brief a period as two years each empty shell will have from thirty to forty young oysters at tached to it. Tho new generation can then be removed to make room for more, and fattened for market in specially constructed tanks. POWDER Absolutely Pure. This powder never varies. A inarvrl of purity, strenzth and whalesomcnejvs. More economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold In competition with the mul titude of low test snort weight, alum or phosphate powders. Sold only fn can. Rov al Baking Powder Co.. 105 Wall-st. N. Y. Shiloh's Catarrh Remedy a posi tlve cure for Catarrh, Diptheria aud. Cuker Month. Sold by w. E. Dement. The following advertisement ap pears in a Riverina (New South "Wales) jeurnal: "Wanted A cultured gentleman capable of milking goats; a university man preferred. Applications, with testimonials as to. proficiency, to be addressed."-&c. - - FOARD & STOKES, PISTE GROCERIES AND- PROVISIONS. ANCHORS, ROPE AUD CORDAGE. HARNESS AT SAN FRANCISCO PRICES. A Full Line of House Furnishing Goods. AT THE O. R. &. X. DOCK. If von linve any of tho above symptoms. votf can certainly bo cured by the use of the genuine 1U. C. McL.VSE'S I.IVEK 1'ILls. "When you bny3Icaiie Tills, insist on having UK. C. 3IcIA2fl?S CKI.E liltATUD LIVKR VITLLS, made by Flem ing Ilros., Pittsburgh, Pa. jf vou can not get the cenulne 1K. C. 3icLANE'S T-.IVEU 1'IL.LS, send us 5 cents by mail, and wc will send them to you. FLEMING BROS., Pittsburgh, Va. aflSTETTEitv H 1 CELEBRATED 1 A MAGNUS C. CROSBY, Dealer In HARBWAEE, IRON, STEEL, .Iron Pipe and Fittings, PLUMBERS AXD STEAM FITTER0 Goods and Tools, SHEET LEAD STRIP LEAD SHEET IRON TIN AND COPPER, CanBerjaifflemiBDsSffllies Stoves, Tin Ware and House Furnishing Goods. JOBBING IN SHEET IRON, TIN, COP PER PLUMBING and STEAM FITTING Done with, i.eatness and dispatch. None but first class workmen employed. A large assortment ofi SCALE? Vini.iMlv on tanil GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LAPailMlEEMlES BoilerWork, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. OASTIKTG-S , Of all Descriptions made to Order at Short Xotice. A. D.AYXss, Prcsedent. J. G. I1CSTI.KK, Secretary, I. YV. Case, Treasurer. joh" Fox, Superintendent. "Of HANSEN BROS. HA VJS BEMO TED I From their old quarters to their NEW SHOP AND FACTORY XEAR KINNEY'S CAN-NERY. A. V. Allen, (SUCCESSOR TO PAOE it ALT.EJ.'.) Wholesale and retail dealer in Provisions, TCI P. HICKS, PENTIST, ASTORIA, --- - OREGON Rooms In Allen's building up stain, corner of Cass aud Sqemocqhe s tret J. T Q.A.BOWIiBir, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Clienamus Street, - -ASTORIA, OREGON CMH.WILLIAMSOMCO. REAL ESTATE AND General Commission Brokers. Office on Squemoqua street, opposite Asto riax Office. A General Agency business transacted. GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY. Bills of Exchange on any Part oi Europe. T AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING X well lines. known and commodious steamship STATE LINE, RED STAR, WHITE STAR. IIAIIBURG-AMERICAN. DOMINION LINB, NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE. BILLIARDS! BILLIARDS! rnr JAS. SIACOHBEft Has opened a Temperance Billiard Parlor Next to Geo. W. Hume's Store Fresh Eastern and Shoalwater Bay Oysters in every Style FINEST CIGAR3 AND TOBACCO, Tea, Coffee, and Chocolate ; Ties, Cakes Sandwiches, etc., at the Counter. Also in connection wit h the Farlor A Flae Shooting Gallery. . STOMACH 8lTTEfts There has norcr been an instanco in which this sterling mvigorant and anti-fobnlo med icine has failed to want oil tno complaint, when taken duly as a protec ion against ma laria. Hundreds of nhosician? haro aban doned nil the officinal snecifics. and now pro scribe this harmless vegetable tonic for chills and lever, as well as dyspepsia ana nervous affections. Hostcttcr's Bitters is tho speciGc you need, 1 or f ale by nil .Urugguu ana ucaicrs generally. WH. EDGAR, Dealer in Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes Meerschaum and Brier Pipes, GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY Revolvers and Cartridges. "DIDS WILL BE RECEIVED AT THE. OV Notice : RECEr flee of the Clerk of School DlstrictNo. l. Clatsop county, Oregon, until Tuesday, May 15, 1SS3. at noon, for bonds of said district, amounting to $25.(00. Said bonds will be in denominations of one thousand dollars each, to run for ten years. Interest thereon to be paid annually upon presentation of Interest rnnnnn. Xnt less than S5.00D to be taken by any one person. Bidders will please direct communications to tbe undersigued, stating amount bid for. terms, rate, c By orderof the directors. r,NTTX J.O.BOZORTH, Clerk of School Dlst. No. 1, Clatsop Co., Or. Sdtd Cleaning Re-pairing. NEAT, CHEAP AND QUICK, BY GEORGE juOVETTf Main Street, opposite N. Loeb's. NBYILLB & CO. Pacific Net and Twine Co. SaxFkancisco, April llth,lSS3. Dear Suts; For general convenience, we have sent a supply of No. 30, 12-plj- Genuine Scotch Salmon Jfct Twine, to the care of A. 21. JOllXSOX & CO., Astoria, which wit! be sold at low enough figures to make it an object for all net menders to use it for repairs, in place of the more costly No. 40, 12- Ply. Fishermen who have heretofore nsed this grade of twine for repairs, claim that the durability of the patch is equal to the balance of the net, after the latter has had a few weeks use. We think it will be money in j-our pocket to try it. For prices and samples apply to A. M. JOHNSON &CO., Astoria. Neville & Co. Sole Agents, . San FrancIsco. 31 and S California St. f &an roncis:o- TO GAS CONSUMERS. We have received a large supply of CKAXDELIERS, GLOBES, And a General Assortment of Fixtures in Plumbers' Goods. E-Call and examine our Goods. RUDDOCK & ICiEVAKE. Nearly opposite O. R. & N. Co.'s Dock, lw Glass and Plated Ware, TROPICAL AND DOMESTIO FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Together with Wines, LiquorsJobaccoXigars Wilson & Fisher, SHIP CHANDLERS. DEALERS IN Iron, Steel, Coal, Anchors, Chains, TAR, PITCH, OAKUM, WROUGHT AND CUT GALVANIZED SPIKES, Nails. Copper-Sails anil Burrs, Shelf Hardware, Paints and Oils Rubber and Hemp Packing of all Kinds. PROVISIONS. fjlour Ait ami fee. Agents for Salem Flouring Mills. Corner Chenamus and Hamilton Streets ASTORIA. OREGON. Trepaid tickets toorlromany European port. For full information as to rates of far, sailing days, etc, apply to I. W. CASE. CLATSOP MILL COMPANY Successors or GEO. "W. HUME SAW MILL. MANUFACTURERS d DEALERS -IX LUMBER, SALMON BOXES, TRAYS, ETC. Office and Mill COKN'ER OF VTEST 9TH JdCD "VT JLTBB ATS S:. O. L St K B R, LOOK HERE ! We respectfully inform the public that we will always keep on hand the best quality of Fresh, and Cared Meats ALSO Choice Family Groceries, Fresh Fruits, Vegetables, Crockery and Glass-ware. Ships, Hotels and Boarding Houses sup plied on liberal terras. A share of the public patronage is respect fully solicited. dtf, WARREN & THOXITSON. DEALER IK Hay, Oats, Straw. Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand Wood delivered to Order, Draying, Teaming and Express Business. Horses ana Carriages for Hire. DEALER IK WINES, LIQUORS AND.CICAR8. FIRST CLASS FIRST QUALITY LUMBER. THE WESTPOET MILL COMPANY IS IN THE FIELD AND PROPOSES TO remain. We will take orders for lumber from 1C0 to 500 M., at the mill or delivered. We also manufacture lath and shingles of Al quality. Flooring a Specialty. Address all orders YESTPORT MILL CO. 8. C, Bbnxke, Spt.