Newspaper Page Text
No. 113. A
Vol. xix. Astoria, Oregon, Friday Morning, August 10, 1883 NOTHUfG NEW UNDER THE SUN." Many of the political problems which are now up for considera tion are as "old as the hills." But for all that they are often treated as if they were they latest revela tions to mankind. The tariff ground has been gone over again and again. All parties have tramped along it-backwards and forwards. One of them, at least, cannot very clearly tell the route it pursued. There was incidental protection under the first tariff. But it was not the result of mere accident by my means. In J 824, what is known as the American system, of which Henry Claj' was the putative father, had its birth. In the first tariff the object was revenue, and protection the presumable inci dent. In the year Stated, on a proposed revision of the tariff, it was sought to make protection the object and revenue the incident, or, in other words, to candidly lay down the proposition. The bill was carried mainly by the votes of the states directly ben ifited. Illinois and Missouri ob tained greater protection for lead, Kentucky for hemp, Pennsylvania for iron and New York and Ohio for wool. The bill, therefore, re ceived their support. General Jackson favored the measure for the reason that it would be the means of giving us a home supply of war material. The New Eng land states were inclined at that period to free trade. The reason was, that their foreign commerce had grown to be the dominant in terest. But at the start thejr were very much in favor of protection. In the first tariff the' managed to keep the duty on rum at high fig ures, while molasses was taxed very low. These "old statesmen held that molasses was necessary food for the poor man. But that did not prevent at the same time the manufacture of an excetlent article of New England rum, which has since held the market agcinst the Jamaica distillation. There is a great deal of humanity in tariffs The appeal to supposed immutable principles is usually nothing more than a pretense. No community is going to throw itself away on an abstraction. It was not a love for Adam Smith that induced England to repeal the corn laws. It was not in a burst of scientific enthu siam that it reduced the price of bread, but to escape a revolution. Similarly, we are upholding a pro tective tariff, because we find that it is good for us. In this matter, if we have not a great many imita tors, we have at least a great many nations which are following the same policy. It is an old and profound remark that, though the "Whig party has died, its doctrines survive. On the other hand the Democratic party holds its own, but. its doc trines have been mostly iound to be wrong. This must be regarded as one of the strangest anomlies of politics. The "Whigs always championed what is known as the American system in connection with the tariff. The system is now in full operation, but there are no more "Whigs. The Whigs early took ground in favor of in ternal improvements. The Dem ocrats upon that proposition made issue with them, The Whigs have disappeared, and the Demo crats are now most active around the.national "grab bag," known officially as the River and Harbor Appropriation bill. Several other instances tending to establish the persistence of "Whig ideas can also be produced. It would seem, therefore, that the opposition to Democracy, by whatever name it is known, dies in giving birth to tho great ideas which the Demo cratic party first antagonizes and then adopts. Of course when a party dies, nothing, in fact, dies but the name. The same men are found operating, but on new lines. They do not for that reason, aban don their cherished ideas on other subjects, and when they find themselves in power the give ef fectftbvthem.. Some issues do die or are destroyed. One of them is the secession notion of the Demo- craoy, which grew up naturally, in the form of States' rights, from the Opposition to the centralizing and monarchial tendencies of the Federalists. The notion finally attained a rank growth, and pro duced one of the most stupend ous civil wars of this or any other ajre. But reverting to the original subject it must hv said that the problems of protection, incidental protection, and a revenue tariff, were much more ably handled i" I the old time than thev ire now, j though the fathers had not the ex- perimental knowledge which has fallen to ttie lot of the present generation. Of a like character with the discussion on the tariff is . the supposed new Pennsylvania "idea,' which has found expres sion in the platform of the Repub lican party of that state, viz., the distribution of the surplus revenue of the general government among the states. The notion is now being treated as a new contribu tion to our stock of knowledge. But that is the way wc have al ways been dealing with surpluses. In 1S38 the surplus in the treasury was distributed among the states. But the conditions were verv dif ferent then. The debt of the United States had been liquidated and there was no use for the money. If any surplus is now found in the treasury it ought to be applied to that purpose. In this way the general taxation can be reduced. If the question is raised that the people cannot stand the payment of so large a portion of the debt, relief can be found in the abohtionof the In ternal Revenue, which is not brother suited to our svstem, and is in somerespectsarelicof thewar.l But it survives because of its great j efficiency in politics. The periods i of surpluses in the treasury, how-! e.ver, i,o,r flin..c mm1.,M.-,. i ones with us. There was a sur plus before the war which our statesmen did not know what to do with, and there was a general smash up in 1S3S. The Roman Catholic bishop of! Para and Amazonas, whose dio cese includes the valley of the Amazon, has devised a plan for evangelizing the wild tribes along j the mighty river. He proposes to j construct a large ship. It will be superbly decorated, and so con trived as to serve as a church. The most precious woods with which j the Amazon region abounds will 1 wainscot the interior. This float ing cathedral will possess its pul pit and confessional, its organ and baptismal font, and and all the ! church furniture requisite for a splendid exorcise of Catholic rites. The bishop hopes to make it, by reason of its elegance and splen dor, "an object of just pride and glory to the Amazonas and of edi fication to the whole Christian world." Propelled by steam, and drawing but little water, it will carry the zealous missionaries along the natural highway to the most distant parts of the county, as far as Bolivia and Peru, Ecua dor and Colombia and Venezuela, and even to the most distant Eu ropean colonies of Guiana. The foreign immigration into the United States in the last fiscal year shows a gratifying decrease in volume as compared with 1882. Gratifying because the addition in a single 3rear of over three-quarters of a million of people who are strangers to our laws and customs is a severe task on the digestive and assimilating power of our body politic. In any other country than the United States such a large addition to the labor popula tion in so short a time would have produced great confusion and dis tress. The United States was able to dispose of this multitude with little disturbance, but no one will regard it as a misfortune that this flood-tide of immigration shows some abatement for the year just closed. A still further diniinution next year would not be cause for lamentation. Press. The President's Mules. When the announcement was made that 1S5 horses had been provided for the use of the Presi dential party in the Yellowstone Park, the country was naturally astonished. It will be delighted to learn that the statement was a blunder of the official who commu nicated it or of the telegraph in strument that transmitted it. It should have been 1S5 "mules," not "horses.5 This makes all the difference in the- world. The mule is an obligitii; animal and may be depended upon to carry the President, the Lieutenant- General am! their friends safely through all the perils of the park. The substitution of the mule lor the fiery steed of the War De- J partmcnt cannot fail to gratify the millions who believe in Republi can simplicity and who are appre hensive that the introduction of foreign manners will overthrow our Democratic liberties. Despot ism in the United States need not be dreaded as long as the Presi dent rides a very tough mule and wears a blue flannel shirt. The Assistant Secretary of the Treasury has received telegrams from the collector of customs at T&coma, W. T., stating that offi cers with the assistance of the rev enue steamer Wofontt had cap tured a sloop engaged in running Chinese across the line from Brit ish Columbia. Two smugglers were arrested, but nine Chinese passengers escaped. The collector also stated that nearly 100 Chi namen had landed at various points along the northern frontier in boats and Indian canoes within al-;the last few days and that he is j powerless to prevent this unless ms Iorce largely increases n was expiaineu oy me custom nicers th:lt the law provides that " Chinese laborers will be per- mmeu 10 enter me i nucu flaxes by land without producing to the officials the custom certificate re quired by Chinese laborers. ER Absolutejy Pure. Tills powder never varies. A marvel o purity. Mremrth and wholesomeness. Mom economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold in coinnetiiion with the himI- titude of low test short weight, alum or phosphate powders. Sold only hi eanx. Hov- AT, JiAKIXC rOWOEK UO.. 10C W all-SU N. Y. King of the Blood Is not a "cure all," It Is a Wood-purifier and tonic. Impurity of the blood poisons thesvs tem, deranges tho circulation, and thus in duces many disorders, known bv different names to distinguish them according to ef fects, but being really branches or phases of that great generic disorder. Impurity ot Itlootl. Such arc Dyspepsia, liilllowmtxs, Liter Complaint, ContUpalUm, A'crrwiM J nnlcrf. Headache, Backache, General Weal: cr. cartDleac,Dropy. Kidney Dieac, Piles, RhcumatUm, Catarrh, Scrofula, Skin Dkorderr, Pimple. Ulcer. Swellings, Jtc. Ac. Kins: of the Blood prevents and cures these by attacking the cnic. Impurity of the blood. Chemists and physicians agree in calling It "the most genuine and efficient preparation for the purpose." Sold by Drug gists, SI per bottle. See testimonials, direc tions, &c. In pamphlet, "Treatise on DLseasea oi the. Blood." wrapped around each bonle. D. BAXSOM. SON & Co.. Props Buffalo. N. Y. BLACKSMITH AND Horseshoeing Establishment. I II AVE LATELY SECURED TIIE SER vices of a competent horseshoer from Il linois, and will guarantee satisfaction in that work. Cannery work and general black smithing dono at reasonable rates. Shop near Kinney's cannerv. JOHN FKELY. SlIILOll's CURE will immediatelv relieve Croup, wbooplnjr cougb. ami Bronchitis. Sold by Wr. E. Dement. W ROYAL PSo? TRAfr Ma:;1", Hi IPOTt RHEUMATISM Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago. Backache, Soreness of the Chest, Gout, Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swell ings and Sprains, Burns and Scalds, Genera Bodily Pains, Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet and Ears, and all other Pains and Aches. No Preparation oa earth equals Sr. Jacobs Oil ej a safe, sure, simple end cheap External Bemedy. A trial entefls bet the comparatively trifllsg outlay of SO Cntft. and ererj one Buffer ing with pain can bare cheap and pouitiTo proof cf iU claims. Directions in IHeren Languages. SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS AND DEALHE3 IN HEDIOINIL A. VOGELER & CO., Baltimore. AW., IT. S. A. Little five-year-old Annie, who was suffering from a had cold, went to pay a visit to Auntie;. During the day she related her various successes at school, and ended by declaring that she could read.a great deal better than Sa brina, who was S years old. " Well." questioned Auritic, "wouldn't it ! sound better if somebody else said ; it?" "Yes," answered Annie, with i a sober countenance. H think it j would; 1 have such a bad cold ij can't sa- it very well." Jnt'tfr Jiazai SYMPTOMS OF A DISEASED LRQL ! liilu in the right hle, und.-r i-.li;.. ot ! rlLK, incrcjislr.i; on pressure; sometimes the pnlti is on the leftside; the jwtii-r.t is mrely able to lie o:i tho left side; .some times the pain is felt under the shoulder and is sometimes taken for Rheumatism In the arm. The stomach is affected with loss of appetite and sickness; the Ixtwcls in general are costive, sometimes tilicr iintingwllh laxity; thu head 1 troubled with p:tin, accompanied withndull.hcnvy M'nsaiinu in the Imck part. There is gener ally a considerable loss of memory, accom panied with a painful cn.-ation of having tinvi lmti ilmii' A slldit- ilri fini'li i i icii iinuouu someuunK wiiicn otignt -k sometimes attendant. The patient com- i plains of weariness and debility; he is easily Mnrtled ; his feet are cold or burn- I inu, and lie complains of a prickly sensa- : tiou of the skin; his spirits arc low, and. j althoiu;h he is satisfied that exercise would I lie beneJleinl to him, yet he can scarcely ! summon up fortitude enough to try it. : If you have any of the alove symptoms, you can certainly be cured by the use of the genuine UK. C. ZIrL.Y 'hVS X.IVUK 1'Il.l.s. When von buy IctinoK Pills:, insist on having IK. C. McLANi-rS CELE KK ATEI) LIVKIl PILLS, made liyFlem. ins tiros., Pittsburgh, Pa. If you can not cet the ceuulnc IK. V. aieLANE'S LIVEK PILLS, send us cents by mail, and we will send them to you. FLEMING BK0S.. Pittshiircli, Pa. TO THE TRADE! I Messrs. Wm. E. Hooper & Sons BALTIMORE, MD., Have given as the EXCLUSIVE SALE for Pacific Coat of their Celebrated "W00DBEREY TWINES I ROPE, luclU'lmg a Full Line of COTTON SEINE TWINES WRAPPIHG TWINES, SAIL TWINES, ETC. In addition to above, we have on hand a Complete Assortment or Needle Brand Seine Twines. Palmetto Seine and Wrapping Twines. HENRY DOYLE & CO. 517 and 519 Market Street. SAN FRANCISCO. GERMANIA BEER HALL AKD BOTTLE BEER DKI'OT. Cskxaucs Strret. Astobm. The Best or Lager ii Cts. a. Glass Orders lor the ia Brewery BEER Left at this plare will bo promptly attend ed to. F-Xo cheap Maa Francisco fleer sold at uLnMAHREMbUf. tnra place WM. BOCK. Proprietor. H(JELS AND KESTATJKAlfTS. PARKER HOUSE, A. A SMELL. lUnnaser. I ASTORIA, - - - OREGON. FTKST CLASS HOTEL. AM. MODERN IMPROVEMENTS. HOT AM) COIYD BATHS. None But White Help Employed. J erFt:KE COACH TO THE HOUSE.-W IT IS A FACT -Tli.'T JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE ON Concomly Street is the Best in Town. -THAT liV hurt Always on IIhikI FKESH Shoal "Water Uny ami East ern Oyster. THAT " JEFF' IS THE BOSS CATERER. -THAT He has Iirru Proprietor of the "Aurora Hotel" In Knnpptoa seven year. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. PIONEER RESTAURANT AND LODGING HOUSE. Refitted throuchout : tueiTable supplied with the bo-.t : the beds clean and comfort able. A rirsi:class House. Hoard by the week. - S5.00 Meals to order. J. O. ROSS. Proprietor. COSMOPOLITAN Chop House and Restaurant. OPEN DAY AND NIQI1T. nieal Z cents and upwanls. UOULAKD, mx iv stueet. - - Proprietor. . - ASTOBIA. NEYILLE & 00. Pacific Net aild Twine Co. s.vx Fkan.-.s,,,, April Uth, 1883. duaumus: For KMieral convenience, t we have sent a supply oC No. 30. 12- i . - - i. c l ... -yc. jJStaltairjSSSSS X- CO.. Astoria, which will be sold at lw enou"" figures to mace it an object for all net menders to use it for repairs, in place of the more costly Xo. 40, 12- i'iy. Fishermen who have heretofore nsed this grade of twine for repairs, claim that the durability of the patch is equal In the balance or the net, after the latter has had a few weeks use. We think it will be money in your pocket to try It. For prices and samples apply to A.M. .IOIINSOX &CO., Astoria. Neville & . Sole Agents, ' San Francisco, 31 and .-rsralifonduSt. f r u"- A.M. Johnson &Co. DEALERS IN A FULL LINE OF DKAI.RU IX Hay, Oats, Straw. Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand YTootl Delivered to Order, Draying, Teaming and Express Business. Horses ana Carriages for Hire. DKALKIt TX WIMES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. FIRST CL.AS8 20 BOATS AND CANNERY SITE FOR SALE. milK PKOPEKTY KXOWX AS A. P. CO.'S X Xet Itacks. ad ioinlnir Fort Canbr. MiSv; foot boats, good for Baker's Bay or up river fishing ; ii net racks complete ; frontage 200 xeet running to ueep water; one uiock on shore with mess honse. This Is the most convenient place for salmon nets, traps and seines and decidedly me Dest location on tue coiuniDia river ior a salmon cannerv- AVIU sell for cash or will take stock with &roGer GrocKery Artists Materials satisfactory Fishermen's Packing Co. EOZORTH &JOHX3 WILLIAM HOWE -DEALER Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms, Lumber. All kind-i of OAK LUMBER, gzass. Boat Material, Etc. Boats of all Kinds, Made to Order, j fOrders from a distance promptly attended S. ARNDT & EERCHEN, ASTORIA. - OREGOX. The Pioneer Machine Shop BLACKSMITH and jmmM: Boiler Shop All kinds of ENGINE, CANNERY, AND . STEAMBOAT WORK Promptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bektox Street, Near Parker House, ASTORIA. - OREGON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LMM MAM ENGINES BoilerWork, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. Of all Descriptions made to Order at Short Notice. A. D. Wash, President. J. G. Hustler, Secretary, I. V. Cask, Treasurer. J oux Fox, Superintendent. LOEB & CO., JOBBERS IX WINES. LIQUORS, AND CIGARS. AGENTS FOR THE Best San Francisco Houses and Eastern Distilleries. Tumblers Decanters, and All Kinds of Saloon Supplies. -All goods sold at San Francisco Prices. MAIN STREET, Opposite Parker House, Astoria, Oreson. BUY THE BEST ! BARBOUR'S Irish Flax Salmon Net Threads Woodberry, and Needle Brands, SEINE TWINES. AND CORK AND LEAD LINES Fish I'OHHdg, Seines, and XctH Imported, to Order. A Lane Stoctof NBttiDi, HsliLines AND FISH HOOKS. CONSTANTLY ON HAND. HENRY DOYLE & CO., 5 1 7 and 3 1 9, MARKET STREET SAN FRANCISCO. XSF"Agents for the Pacific Coast. F0AED & STOKES, WE HAVE OPENED AGAIN In Hume's Jev Building, And are Eeady to Supply the Wants of Our Customers; A FULL STOCK OF Fresh Groceries. 33 IJf AND Bracket Work A SPECIALTY. to, and satisfaction guaranteed In all cases BUSINESS OABDS. Q W. FU1.TOX, ATTORNEY AT LAW. KoomsSand c. Odd Fellows Building jg C. IIOLDEX, NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMOTSSION AND IN SURANCE AGENT. JAY TCTTIiE, 21. I. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Okfick Rooms l, 2, and 3. Pythian Build ing. REsiDK.vcK-Ovor .1. E. Thomas' Drug Store. Q.ELO F. I'AltKER. SURVEYOR OF Clatsop County, and City or Astoria Office :-Chenamus street, Y. SI. C. A. hall Room No. 8. "P P. HICKS, PENTIST, ASTORIA, --- - OREGON Rooms in Allen's building up stairs, corner i liass ami sqeiuocqne sirei . J Q.A.BOWIiBY, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Chenamusi'treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON J .I..IOXES, STAIR BUILDER, Ship and Steamboat Joiner. B-HXTIST, Room n.Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or. (Jas administered for rainless extraction of teetlt. Q J. CUilTIH t ATT'Ir AT LAW. Notary rublie. Commissioner of Deeds for California, New York and "Washington Ter ritory. Kooms 3 and 4. Odd Fellows Building, As toria. Oregon. N.R. -Claims at Washington. D. C, and collections a specialty. GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGEHOY. Bills of Exchange on any Part oi Europe. 1AM AO EXT FOR TIE FOLLOWING well known and commodious steamship ines. STATE LINE, RED STAR, WHITE STAR. HAMBUEG-AMER ICAN, DOMINION LINE. NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE. Prepaid tickets to or from any European port. For full information as to rates of fare, sailing days, etc, apply to 1. W.UASC B0Z0RTH & JOHNS. Real Estate and General Insurance Agents. ASTORIA, Oregon. WE WRITE POLICIES IN THE WEST ern. State Investment. Hambunr. Bre men and North German Fire Insurance Com panies, and represent the Travellers Life and Accident of, Hartford, and the New xuriv i.m-, in . l. We have tho only complete set of township maps in the county, and liave made arrange ments to receive applications, filings, and final proofs on Homesteads, Preemptions, Timber Lands, etc.. having all the official uianKs mereior. uur maps can De exam ined in the office, upon the payment of a reasonable fee. We also have for sale city property in As toria and additions, and farms and tide land property. Rents, and other collections made, and loans negotiated. BOZORTn & JOHNS, WM. EDGAR, Dealer in Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes Meerschaum and Bqer Pipes, GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY Revolvers and Cartridges. Grace Church Parish School. Rear of Church Building. milLS SCHOOL WILL RE-OPEN M0N X day, .September 3.188.'?. The moral train ing of the children will be carefully watched, and made a special point. In addition to the ordinary course of study there will be instruction In the elements of Vocal 3Iu Hir, Drawins: and. Calisthenics. If found desirable or expedient, classes will be formed in Higher Mathematics, Botany, As tronomy, Advanced Music and Drawing, for which light extra charges will be made. Terms $2 a month, strictly in advance. OFFICERS. REV. M.D. "WILSON. - - Rector MISS ANNA W.CURTIS, - Principal MISS M. C. TRENCHARD, - Assistant For further patticulars apply to REV. M. D. WILSON.