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TOL. XX, XO.38.
PRICE, FIVE CENTS. HOW FORESTS CHANGE. It is only in novel-writers call "the depths of the primeval forest" that a fair opportunity is afforded of studying the mixed growth of our woodlands, and of observing the changes which take place as one generation of forest trees succeeds another. Such opportunities are comparatively rare m the JLastern States at present. Much of the most valuable standing timber in New England to-day is to be found upon land that has one or more times been cleared or cut off. It is there fore generally of few varieties and nearly uniform age. But if we pen etrate a virgin forest beyond the devastations of the woodman's ax and the fire which follows his track, we shall find it made up of trees in every stage of growth and of even variety indigenous to that section of the country. Ave will hud hemlocks and spruce centuries old, their branches veiled with pendants of gray moss, lowering high above the hazel and moosewood. Rarely is there the monotony of a single growth. Evergreen trees mingle with deciduous. Sunshine and shadow al ternate. Now we are in a coinparn tivelj' clear spot, where the leaves overhead are only thick enough to Heck the ground beneath with shad ow; a moment later and hardly a ray of light can penetrate the curtain overhead. Alike on the dry, stony ridges and on the soft, moist earth of the valleys the growth is mixed. Hemlock, spruce, pine, birch, wil low, inaple, poplar, oak and many other varieties are intermingled with ;i seeming irregularity that leads us to wonder how all these varieties, with so widely diverse requirements as to soil and other conditions, can flourish in so close proximity. Yet all is easily explained ir we but understand the unfailing care with which nature provides for the wants of all her children. All through such forests we will find at intervals the prostrate wrecks of what were once monarchs of the forest Sometimes they have abdi cated their sway by reason of their own weight and the decay of old age, sometimes their lofty heads have been laid low before the power of the nihilist wind. The latter catas trophe occurrs mosl'frequently where a tliin layer two or three feet of rich vegetable mould overlays a course, loose gravel. The roots of the trees which spring upon the rich soil above are repelled by the cold moisture of the gravel beneath and spread out for some distance around without striking deeply in. Then comes a tremendons storm and the; tall hemlock or pine is overthrown J literally torn up by the roots, bring-: ing with them several square rods of dark, rich earth with which they were covered. The gravelly subsoil is thus left exposed, and there the seeds of birch, willow and maple, carried by the wind, bird, or squirrel, will flourish. The dirt carried by the roots will sink down as the tree decays, into a knoll that will mark the death of the monarch for ages, and on it will spring up cherry, pop lar and sumach. Thus side by side, will be a marked variation in types. Not only this, but where the tree fell it swept down f-maller trees and mx derbrush along with it, admitting warmth and light to soil which the sunbeams had not, perhaps, touched for centuries. In this manner the climate of that particular spot would be as mucli altered as the soil, and the final result might be an almost complete alteration of the character of the forest at that point. All this, too, would bo accomplished by the orderly working of natural laws. Again, on sandy plains, where the fire that destroyed the forest growth at the same time consumed the vege table mould that gave the soil its fertility, it is curious to note nature's method of recuperating from the in jury. The first step toward re-establishing a forest is made by the pitch pine or similar trees which require but little moisture. These send down their long roots, ten, twenty or thirty feet, through the loose, barren gravel, to find and bring to the surfaco the potash and other soluble salts that are required. These elements arc taken up by the tree for its own nu trition, and then returned to the sur face soil by the falling leaves. Thus the earth is gradually enriched and in the course of time becomes capa ble of supporting beech, poplar and oak again, and thus nature herself repairs the damage that the ignor ance or carelessness of man inflicts upon her. On the other hand equal provision is made for those trees winch do not Jove the black loamy soil, but prosper upon a poor and sandy home. Just cs the surface of the plains are grad ualh enriched b the elements brought up from a depth; so is silici ons sand from some distance below deposited upon the surface of bogs and swamps, and enables trees to thrive there which could not other wise find a home. Everyone who has noticed- with care the cultivated lands of New England, has observed that where hemlock trees havo fallen and decayed, the soil is exceptionally poor so much so that often, after several plowmgs the outhne of the tree can be traced by the poorer growth of the grass or grain, and the sorrel and coreopsis, which abhor a rertile sou, thrive there. If the de caying wood be pulverised it will be found gritty, and grains of sand can be detected with the naked eye. There are-crystals of silex taken up in solution into the circulation of the tree, and on its death reverting to their crystaline form. They are evident to workers of wood because they dull the edge or tneir tools. Jow just this silici ous matter is what is wanted bv vari ous deciduous trees, some of which cannot live upon a wet. neattv soil. Therefore, if a liemlock, spruce, or pine be uprooted from such a soil, its very trunk decaying will supply a foothold for hazel, willow and yellow and white birch. As these grow in strength they will send down roots inside the bark of the fast decaying evergreen; which, piercing the damp xnosid will lay firm hold upon the mdy sub-soil. Finally, the trunk of the fallen tree will waste onlirely away, and the observer will find the birches growing on soil so wet and rich that they could never have taken root there but for the death of the tree that gave them birth.- -Lumber World. NEWS OF THE SOUTHWEST. Judge Siott, of Portland, will re sign his olhce January lsl. 33. A. Scaborg put up G000 cases of salmon at his (3 ray's Jiarlwr cannery this season. Citptiiin Mitchell will soon engage in shipbuilding at some point on bhoalwaler bay. The contract for building and planking the extension to the lhvaco wharf has been let to l'angles and Ivenpon. Iiast week the Northern Pacific Company sold $8,000 worth of town lots at the new railroad city, Drnm lnond, M. T. "When a freshet comes on the Na sel, many thousand logs that have been cut during the season will be run down the river, finding their way to market. Capt. George AVhilconlb recently ran the South Jietid from the head of the bav to South Uend, a distance of forty miles, in three hours, and challenges any steamer on the bay to beat it A remonstrance h;is been drawn up and numerously signed in Pacific county, against moving the United States court from Kalama to Van couver, and will be forwarded to the capital. . In attempting to raise the wrecked steamer Mississippi at Seattle, it was discovered that she could never be made seaworthy again, so she will be raised in pieces and the iron used for other purposes. The new bar tug Hunter arrived at South Bend on the 5th, after an eleven days passage from San Fran cisco, including stoppages at several way ports and two stoppages at sea to make slight repairs to machinery. Old residents on llogue river in form the Tidiuus that the railroad track now being graded along the river is several feci below high water mark, and thai, the freshets will be sure to greatly damage the road bed. E. Lorrance, who has been in the employ of the Northern Pacific sur vey for the last two months in "Wash ington Territory, gathering geological specimens and fossils, has about com pleted his work and is preparing them for shipment They will be sent to Newport It L, to undergo a geological examination this winter. The "Witchery of Leve. And do you know that it is a splen did thing that the woman you really love will never grow old" to you"? Though the wrinkles of time, through the march of years, it yon really love her, you will always sec the face vou have loved and won. And a woman who really loves a man does not see that he grows old; he is not decrepit to her; he does not tremble: ho is not old: ho seems to be the same gallant gentleman who won her heart and hand. I like to think that love is eternal, and to lovo in that way, and then go down the lull of life together. and as you go down nerliar hear the laughter of grandchildren, while the birds or joy and Jove sing once more in the leafless branches of the troe of age. If ob Inytrsoll. The Ihiy Orstwr. Chief Walking related in answer to inquries concerning his trip to Texas tne hoy had been creating quite si sensation in that stale. At one little town he had delivered a series of lectures on Oregon- netting for the church m whose behalf he had labor ed, the snug little sum of one thous and dollars. "When the chief told his mission, the people seemed incredul ous and could hardly believe that their brilliant orator was a funrmve from justice. It seems to us equally incredulous that one so favored by nature should prove so unworthy the confidence his genius won for him. Hesperian. A Home-Made Fountain IVn. Take two ordinary slvl iwns nf f lip same pattern and insert them in the common holder. The inner pen will be the writing pen. Between this and uie outer pen will be held a supply of ink, when they arc once dipped into the inlcstand, that will last to write several pages of manu script It is not necessary that the points of the two pens should be very near together, but it the Jlow of ink is not rapid enough the points may be brought nearer by a bit of thread "ora minute rubber band. SOVtlXU AM) ItSAPINC. A wonderful thing is seed; The one thin" doatbless forever Forever old and forever new, Utterly faithful and utterly new Fickle and faithless never. Plant lilies and lilies will bloom: Plant roses and roses will grow; Plant hate and hate to life will spring, Plant love and lovo to vou will bring The fruit of the seed yon now. Kotice to the Thirties. Switches made from combings or cut hair; new switches made to order from the best imported hnir, in any shade de sired. Old switches repaired. All work warranted. Hates reasonable Call or address UnXEXIIAHT & ScHoxir Occident hair dressing saloon, Astoria, Oregon. The Peruvian syrup nas cured thou sands who were suffering from dyspep sia, debility, liver complaint, boils, hu mors, female complaints, etc Pamph lets free to any address. Seta W. Fowl t &Sohc Boston. A Nasal Injector free with each bottle of Shilolr's Catarrh Itemedy Price 50 cents. old by W. E. Dement Brace up the whole system with King of the Bloods See Advertisement III 1 Sr. lis a, Absolutely Pure. This iovder never varies. A marvel o purity. strength and whalesomencs. Jlore economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannol be sold In competition with the mul titude of low test Miort weight, alum or phosphate powders. Sohltnilii in can. Kov Aij IJakino Powoku Co.. 1 Wall-st. X. Y. Wilson & Fisher, SHIP CHANDLERS. DKAI.EU3 IJf Iron, Steel, Coal, Anchors, Chains, TAR, PITCH, OAKUM, NAILS AND SPIKES, Shelf Hardvare, Paints and Oils STEAM PACKING. PROVISIONS. FJ.OUIt AXD IH5XT. FEEI. Agents for Salem Flouring Mills, and Capital Flour. FAIRBANKS STANDARD SCALES. All sizes, at Portland Trices, In Stock. Oorner Chenamus and Hamilton Streets ASTORIA, OREGON. LOEB & 00. .TOnKKltS IX WINES, LIQUOKS, AND CIGA&S. AGENTS FOlt THE Eest San Francisco Houses and Eastern Distilleries. Tumblers Decanters, and All Kinds cf Saloon Supplies. i2P""AJJ goods sold at San Francisco 1'riees. MAIN STKEET, Opjx)ilte Parker ITouse. Astoria, Oregon. King of the Blood Is not a "cure all," it i: a blood-purifier and tonic. Impurity of the blood jKibous tliesys tem, deranges the circulation, and thus 1u duccs many disorders, known by diderctit names to distinguish them j-.ccoruin to ef fects, but beins really brandies or phases of that great generic disorder. Impurity oi ItloosL Such are Dsigpejtuia, lilllimtmaif, Liver Comjtlalnt, Contllpatlim, JYerwu Db artlcnt. Headache, Backache, General Weak ness. Heart Disease, Dropsy. Kidney Dicac, Pila, Iihcvmattem, Catarrh, Scrofula, Skin Dixurdem, Pimple. Ulcer. Sicclling, Sc.. Sc. ILInir oi the itlooil prevents and cures these by attacking the caiue. Impurity of the blood. ChcmlsLsnnd physicians auree in caning it "the mast genuine and efficient preparation for the purpose." Sold by Drug gists, SI per bottle. See testimonials, direc tions, &.,iu pamphlet, "Treat Lse on Diseases of th Blood." wrapped around each lwUIe. D. ItANSOM. SOX & Co.. l'nips Buffalo. N. Y. WH, EDGAR, Dealer in Cigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes Meerschaum and Brier Pipes, GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY Revolvers and Cartridges. Leinenweber & Co., C X.KIXKN W EBEU. ,1 . BROW ESTABLISHED ASTORIA. OREUON, TIMERS kM COMES, tManufacturers and Importers of LL KINDS OF AND FINDINGS Wholesale Dealers In OIL AND TALLOW. twllighest cash price paid for Hides and lauow. Xj. X. JoTi son, Has re-opened his CIGAR AND TOBACCO STORE, On the Eoadwav. near Ids old location. He will keep the stock of the choicest Cigars, and Tobaccos, and a full line of smokerv ar ticles. Including the finest meerschaum pipes. Hetrill bo pleased to see his old menus at his new stana. A. V. Allen,! Wholesale and lteiEti Dealer in MILL FEED. Glass and P&iso Ware. TltOPICAL AND DOMESTIC FRUITS AND VEGEfAHLfS Together wltSi Wines, LiqaorsJobacco.Cigai's PIANOS -AND- OSGA SMALL MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS SPREADS AND STOOLS ISLOQ-fc Music, Piano, and Organ Instructors. CEIjEIJKATED STEGK & KNABE PIANOS ! USED BY "President of United States'-" "Governor of Oregon' And other prominent persons. I'ianos and Organs of many leraline makes, wholesale and ictali, including CELEBRATED TABER ORGANS. Largest House on This Coast. Instruments of All Kinds Tuned and Repaired. GrAKDNEBr Bros., 165 First St., Portland, Oregon. S. ARNBT & FEROilEN, ASTORIA. - OKEGO?:. The Pioneer Machine Shop BLACKSMITH .5 " AND Boiler Shop -f' All kinds of AJiC STEAMBOAT WQEE Promptly atteuded to. A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE ST BRET. I. W. CASE, I11P0RTEB AND WHOLKSALX AND BK TAIL DSALKIc IN GEKEBAL MEECEA113P onser Chenamus and O.ss stm-lf. ASTORIA Astoria Oil Works. J. IT. DKFOBGE. Proprietor, V. . Box 2TI. Astoria, orepn:. liluuufariurer and Ie)tir i.i FISH OIL and SKID GREASE. Loggers will P.nd my Skid Grease to Ik good and cheap. PERUVIAN BITTERS !, Wilmerding & Co., San Francisco. Loeb & Co., Agents, Astoria. FOR SALE. IX LOTS TO SUIT. FB0M 5 ACRE TO 40 acre tract in S. W. corner of Chas. Stevens D.C. Title perfect. For particu lars inqiure ai oiuce ox ji. u. xiaymonu. Ultv Hall ; or on the premises of O. D. Young. Astoria, Nov. sd, 1SS3. "BUSINESS CAJtDS. Attorney and Counselor at Law. Nimhr No. o, over "White House, ASTOKIA. OBEGON, 7 XA VT. HUDSON. Attorney at Law, and STotary Odd Feliows Building, Astoria, Oregon, :. vr. koltox. 6. c. fultox. FULTOS KISOTHERS. ATTORNEYS AT LAV. Booms 5 and C. Odd Fellows Building. ATTUBNEY AT LAW, Chomtmus trect, - - ASTOBIA, OREGON K.JeACII51AX, Attorijoj- at La;r, Boom , Wnlic Howe. J. CFRTCJ. ATT'V AT LAW. Notary Public. Commissioner of Deeds for California, New York and Washington Ter ritory. Booms 3 and -1. Odd Follows Building, As toria. Oregon. N.B -Claims at Washington. D. C, and collections a specialty. Astoria Asent Hamburg-Magdeburg and German-American FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. NOTARY PUBLIC, AUOTlONKfcK, COHMISSIOH AND IN SUBANCK AGENT. 1 ?:!. J- lAK2KIi. SURVEYOR OF C'luit:ip Couiity.aiid City of Astoria OMlcc : -Chcaamus street, Y. M. C. A. Itall Room No. S. JQR. X. C. i OAT3IAX, Phssician and Surgeon. Roams o ami w, (xh Fellows Building, ASTORLV, OREGON. PUYSICIAK AJND SURGEON Owii'K Rooms 1 , 2, and S. Pythian Buihl- Bkminknch Oyer J. E. Tiiomas' Drug Store. v. mem?. . DENTIST, AI-noatA, - - - OREGON Uonms 5a Allen's lwl Idlnfc Bp stairs, comer of Ga&!j and StCiu)ilie stret . f H. .r. K. JLaFttltUE, I5omi li. O.Id Fellows Building, Astoria, Or. G.-k atminis!ered for iminlcss extraction of teeih. MUSIC. Graduate of Heidelberg University. Fisno '.readier. GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY. Bills cf Exchange or. any Pari oi Europe. "? AV. AGENT FOB TIK FOLLOWING X wel. known aud uommodions steauuihio !es, STATE LINE, BED STAB. TV KITS STAR. 1IAMBUKC-.UIERIC.VN. DOMINION LINE, NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE. Proimkl tickt ts lo'o: from any European lort. Kor tun iiiiormauon as 10 rates or tare, -jthi uyi, etc, apply to i. W.UASK. avjn. V. WHXKLKi:. vr. BOBB. No:arv I'uWie. WHSELEB t& EOBB. OENERAL M Estate S insurance Apnis. We hitve very deairahle nroDcrtv in As toria and Upper Astoria for sale. Also. Hue farms throughout the county. Accounts eareiuuy aujustcu ant collec tions made. We represent the Iloyn!. rVoiT. lcli Union and Xi.inca. Hhixe Insnrsuce Co's., Wiihaeombiiietl capital of 830,000,000. THE Traveler I.if nnd Accident Insur ance . oi iiaitioni. anutue Jian imt a:i l.fe Inwuranrc Co., of New York. We are aeents for the Dailu and Weckht ?rorlhtc8l A'cuw, and the Oregon Yidclte. All business entrusted to our care will re ceive prompt attention. C. H. BAIN & GO. DKAI.EBS IX Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms Turning, Bracket Vork. A specialty, and all work guaranteed. Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumber ; Ore con and Port Orford Cedar. All kinds of bait material on hand. C. II. HATS & CO. Lead tat lever Follow REVOLUT ON Is herewith declared. From and after the 1st o November all News papers and Periodicals will be sold at the following prices: 5 Cents Each. Fireside Companion, N. Y. Weekly Ledger, Saturday Night, Arm Chair, Family Story Paper, Boys of New York, Weeks Doings, Texas Siftings, S. F. Chronicle, Call, Oregonian, News and Astorian, e'tc.-j- etc. 8 Cls., 3 for 25 Cts.. !3 for $1.00. - Police Gazette, Police News,. Illustrated Times, Puck, Waspi and Judge, Harper's Bazaar and Weekly, Leslie's Weekly and Chimney Corner, Argonaut, and many others. I have printed tickets for those papers to make exact change. Back numbers always on hand. O K jPor "f CI Leslie's Popular Monthly, QzJ IJOAikS. Young Ladies Journal, etc. SO 82lt8. Harper's Monthly, etc. Having made arrangements with all publishers I am enabled to give the public a benefit of the above named reductions 1 have also REDUCED the price for Subscriptions, which will be as follows: Harper's Weekly, per year $3.75 not $ 00 " Bazaar l- 3.75 " 4.00 " Monthly t: 3.50 " 4.00 All three for ... 10.00 " 12.00 Leslie's Weekly, per year 3.75 " 4.00 Leslie's Chimney Corner, per vear 3.75 " 4.00 " Popular Monthly " 2.85 " 3.00 Fireside Companion 2.75 " 3.00 New York Ledger 2.75 " 3.00 Saturday Night 2.75 " 3.00 Family Story Paper 2.75 " 3.00 Arm Chair 2.75 " 3.00 S. F. Argon ant 3.75 " 4.00 Puck 4.50 " 5.00 And all others too numerous to mention at the same rates. Now is your time to subscribe for the coming year. Remember Carl Adler's Subscription News Depot. Dry en.MacaHlay, Scott, Kchiller. Milton, Keats, Kirk, White. Goss. Thompson, Herbert, Avion. Woodworth, Longfellow, Holmes. Itayard Taylor, Shelby, Kodgers, Barns, Cooper, and many, manv more. LOW Kverv article of inv imw, line selected stock will he sold at prices that will .DEFY Hooks, Stationer', and Notions in endless variety. A fine display of Gold and Silver "Watches. Clocks and Jewelry, itodjrer Bros. Silverware, as Knives, Forks and Spoons, Castors, Cups, Tea Sets, etc., etc, will be sold cheaper than anywhere else. PLVNOS AND ORGANS of the best makers very JiOiv for Cash, or on Easy InKial taicnts. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS of every description. Sbeet Music and Music Instructors of tho latest iniblicatlons. lto) new Music Books Just received from the East. nn-flST'G f Tlie finest assortment of Toys, "Wagons. "Velocipedes, Baby Carriages, JL s J.U I etc., etc., can only be found at Adler's well known Crystal Palace. Enahlcd by many years of experience T succeeded in selecting a stock of goods which will suit young and olo. I mean to do a square, honest business, giving full value for every dime received. Polite clerks will be found in attendance and no trouble to show goods. J:S232K3:BI:R X IVIIiIj xot jjk U.VDKItSOL.I. Th. Crystal Palace. Car! Adler, ASTORIA IRON WORKS. RCCTOK STRECT, NKAIt PAI1KKR n.CSE, ASTOKIA. - OREGON." GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS-. LAM antt MAMHE EN&DTES Boiler Work, Steamboat Vork and Cannery Work a spe cialty. Of all Iesci-iptions made to Order at SUort STotlce. A. D. "Wass, President. J. (J.JIUSTLEB, Secretary, I. W. Case, Treasurer. JOHN'Fox.Suporintendent. Pa ace HOLDS" THE FORT line edition, formerly $1.50 at iiemans, Tennyson, Mooa, only 75 cents. eeks in a Balloon, Shakespeare. Don Last Days of Pompeii. iancy xaies, xne PB.IOBS. Proprietor. ST0NE&DAT1S0N COMMISSION MERCHANTS. Dealers In LUMBER, HAY, GRAIN, POTATOES, AND OOUxNTRT PRODUCE. Advances made on Consignments. j - " : X . - r - rt