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n VOL. XX, NO.45.- r- ASTORIA,. OREGON, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1883. PRICE, FIVE CENTS. THREE FORTUNES IN CALIFORNIA. Colonel Houston's Experience Washing Clothed and Keeping Hotel In the Gold Mines Back From the States The Lost Fortune. "A man can always inako money if be really -wants to," said CoL James Houston in the Inland hotel, as -sve talked of wealth and its uses. "I know what I say," ho continued, "for I have made three fortunes myself, and would start out for a fourth if I had a single incentive: but what difference does it make to a man of my age, without a family, whether he is rich or poor? I am content, but I repeat my original proposition, if a man does not get rich, it is. his own fault. To keep money is far more difficult than to get it" "I think I could manage to keep it if I once got it,,' I replied. "You think so; but its far more of a science than you think. All your friends and enemies conspire to rob you, and a man who holds i$ tight must make up his mind to be a cur mudgeon. The rule for getting rich is easier to learn than the rule for keeping so. There is but one for the former and a dozen for the latter. I'll tell you how I made three fortunes, and you will see for yourself the principle.". To look at the speaker no one would have dreamed that he was a man upon whom the Goddess of For tune was frowning. He puffed a Havana and watched its smoke curl into wreaths. 'When people talk of self-made men they talk of what never existed," ho began. "If ever a man could be called a truly self-made man, I am the one; yet I can see distinctly the combination of circumstances that helped me to my success, and to these I owe thanks just as much as if some one had started me by setting mo up in business. Yes, more; for these helped mo to help myself, while the latter might have made me weak and indolent It is tho man who knows how to use the adverse circumstances of his life that is sure to win on the homestretch. Most boys think work an evil and hate it I was brought up to work, and though it is some time since these hands were soiled by labor" glancing at his well-formed hands "I have never forgotten to be thankful for the farm life that made it a necessity. A box of tools locked up is not half as useless as a man's hands when untrained to labor. Boys hate a flogging, but if I had not had one just when I did I should now be plowing the fields, piling up stones, and living on a farm in the western part of this state. It came just at tho right time, roused every energy into action, and made me leave home at 16 to seek my fortune. I had read of hundreds of boys who had done the same thing. Why should I stay at home, and be the slave of an im patient man? I worked my way to this very city and found myself in the same condition of all I had read about, foot sore, alone, and without a cent "To be in the wilderness among wild animals, alone and unprotected," he continued, "is not a desirable posi tion, but it is delightful compared with that of. being in a crowded city without friends or money. I found myself after a few hours opposite the Astor house. Guests were just leav ing the dining room and sauntering on tho piazza. I was terribly hungry, and the odors from the kitchen drove me wild. I went to the office and asked for work and something to eat I now see -what a small chance I had of being successful, but then I did no know enough to realize my good luck. I stayed there two " years, serving in many capacities, some times as porter, sometimes in the laundry, at others as general help. I learned many things which afterward made me a rich man. Best of all, I learned tliat 1 must save my monev. and a cent never left my hands un less u orougnt a usetui equivalent. "When I saved enough to take me to California I bought a second-class ticket and started. I had no longing for the old home, though my mother's race was ever before me. I knew that she was happy in my freedom and tho knowledge I sent her of my well being. "After a long, tedious voyage we landed in California. San Francisco to-day and San Francisco twenty-nine years ago are two entirely different ernes, xt was tuon a place ol fabu lous possibilities; crude, energetic. undeveloped. It is now a finished city, already having left its first stage of development and far on toward the ripeness that brings art, learning and culture. As 1 walked up from the wharf I was struck with this aspect of newness, .everything had the appear ance of being hastily done until the time might come that the finishing up might be done. No one seemed to stop to speak, but worked as though tho avenging furies were watching, The spirit of tho place suited me. J felt that I had found my proper field, imd already l could see mvself work ing as fast as the rest at the building of a future fortune. Had I been asked how or in what way I could not have told, but I felt my success in my bones. I walked up the street, looked at the new buildings going up, and wondered whether I should not meet anyone I had ever known. No sooner had the thought passed through my mind than I heard my name shouted from a little wooden building in pro cess of erection. Hooked again. A young fellow had stopped hammering and was coming toward me. He was a boy who had left home a year be fore me. I have been glad many times in my life, but never as glad as then. I shook his hand as though I could never stop, until he broke away, saying: 'Over there's my tent Come to-night and -we'll talk. Can't stop now. I get $16 a day for driv ing nails in these boards. Try a handf M Not to-day, Jim. Thanks all tho same, but I never could drive a nail ' "I found my way to his tent that night It was a rude affair, but he iasated on my sharing it with him, and I ' carried my trunk there. '"What's the reason no one wears clean law here?1 1 asked. " 'No one has time to wasTi,' he re plied. 'Do vou know what if costs to have a biled shirt washed, without touching an iron to it: " 'Can't guess. Mebbe twenty-hve cents.' '"A dollar.' " 'Jerusalem!' ' I should say so." " Tin going for a bit of a walk. Til be back presently.' "'All right louredeud broke oi course. Everyone is when he gets here. Take these till you get start ed," and he pushed into my hand five pieces of money that felt like silver dollars. They were twenty-dollar gold pieces. 1 looked at tnem wnen l got under a lamp. Then I wrapped them in a piece of paper, put thorn in my pocket, and said to myself, Til never touch you, rav beauties, except I am starving. Now for business.' "I walked on till I fonnd a little store where household thing3 could be boucht I walked m, picked out a washtub, a washboard, a boiler, and a cake of soap. 'How much for thesor I asked of the man who owned the store. "'Thirty-two dollars.' "'All right; I'll pav for them to morrow;' and I put thorn on my shoulder to carry off. "Not so fast We don't do busi ness that way. Pay as you go is onr mlo. " 'In this case the rule must have an exception. Jot I shall take them, and bring the monej' for them in tho morning. "The man laughed, said lie liked my pluck and let mo carry off my spoils. Before bedtime I had a pile of clothes to wash that amazed me. I made $120 next day, wore my fingers sore, paid for my outfit, aud engaged a Chinaman to help me. Jielore a week was over I had women to iron the clothes, and was running an ex tensive laundrv. Here my experience at the Astor House came'in, and I was known far aud wide .as tho New York man who had started the San Francisco laundry. I built myself a tent, put out a shingle, bottgata don kev and cart, and made money hand over fist At one dollar a piece it did not lake long to wash shirts enough to make a hundred, and then a thou sand dollars. In two years I was carrying on an immense business, and two Vears later sailed for New York a rich man. "I am not telling the story how I lost my money, so I'll merely say that before nine months had passed 1 found mvself acain bound to Califor nia in pursuit of money. To tell the truth I did not feel bad at tho pros pect of going over tho same experi ence again. There is an enjoyment in making money far greater than in spending it I had sold out my old business, so was forced to look for a new -way of getting rich. When I landed the gold fever was at its height Men were leaving ior the diggings by hundreds. I look it into my head to join a company and start ed for the Stanislaus river. The rough journey overland somewhat dam pened my ardor, but I pressed on till I reached tho camp. I found a good claim worked by two men. I he third man had just gone back sick. 'What'll vou take for his share of the claim and let me in?' I asked. " 'Three thousand dollars,' was their reply. "'But I have no money now am dead broke,' I rejoined. '"No matter. We like your looks, and you can soon make enough to pay us. Pitch in. "I took a pick in my hand and went to work. At night the msides of my hands were covered with blisters and so sore I could not move mV fingers but I had had an unusually good day and had made $500 in dust If it had been $5,000 it would have made no difference. I could not sleep my hands hurt me so badlv. Next morn ing I said to my partners: 'I'll give you the dust and claim if you'll call it a square deaL' " You're welcome to the dust; but why not stay and make a fortune?1 " 'Because I can't dig. Never could. If a fortune can't be made in any other way, I shall be poor till I die. Look at my hands. I would not work another day with pick and shovel for ten times as much. You're good fel lows, and I hope to see you again. I'm greatly obliged for tho dust, and will leave you tho claim to divide be tween you ' "So we parted. I found a crowd going back to Sacramento, and joined it Half way there provisions ran out, and we were in a bad fix. Some one said a few miles further wo would find a sort of tavern where we could rest, fill up and take a new start Of all the vile cooking that we found, there was tho worst -Hungry as we were, we could scarcely swallow tho food, that cost us its weight in gold. A happy thought struck me. I would not go on, but would buy out this man and set up a tavern where man and beast could get good food. Ho was glad to sell, took my ticket, and "went on with the crowd. I was a good cook, thanks to my experience in New York, and caravans soon made it a rule to stop both ways and lay in provisions. I was obliged to build larger, and at the end of five years sold out to a man, pocketed half a million, and sailed for home. I often think of those time3 and smile at my life, but it was full of enjoyment, and one of the most peculiar features was my difficulty in hiding my money. There was no banks then, and men were rough. I used my small must ard boxes for packing away all twenty-dollar gold pieces. As fast as I had one filled I would dig a place un der some tree and bury it My brains were constantly kept busy, trying to remember wherfl and how many there were. When I was paid in dust I filled small buckskin bags and did the same. "Again I lost all Again I started for tho old place, where money had come so freely at my bidding. I could not hope to begin a new indus try, for the city had mado giant strides toward perfection. My old laundry was sending its wagons throngh the city by scores, with my name upon them, but the business was now so great that it -was held by a corporation. I knew why I should not try a hotel again, though why I could never have told, and I won dered to myself what next I would turn my hand to. As usual I landed in 'Frisco and looked about me. Banks were insecure. I was well known and honored, and urged to go into banking. This brought me a third and greater fortune than ever. You will see in even' case the same law followed, leading to the same re sult It its now many years since I came back, sought my friends, went to ihe old farm, found father and mother gone where those who had lived before them were laid, had a fine monument placed above them, and then set my two brothers up in busi ness. They failed, and I lost a pile. They feel bitter because I won't re peat tho kindness, and never come near me. Iam poor, comparatively, compelled to go down town daily, do not dare to go back to old Califor nia again, Tor the spirit of luxurv has so taken possession of her that I can better live hero than there. Every one calls me a lucky dog. Suppose I am. But I am freo to own that the happiest day of my life was when I had built a tent for my laundry, bought my donkey and cart, and in the light o'f the setting sun seated my self at the door to meditate on the name I should paint on the cart That was the proudest moment of my life, for it was the first assurance of future success. It was not that I was proud of my establishment, but I saw in the difficulties overcome a certain ty of mastering others, and the pleas ures this gave me words cannot do- scribe." "How many failed where you suc ceeded?' I asked. "Hundreds, probably." "And why?" "Because they did not laiow the law that governs riches." 'To meet a want, and meet it well. To make money and save it" 'Explain." 'Well, when I went to San Fran cisco the first time, I saw at a glance that every one was crazy over gold. As a consequence they did not take tune to be cleanlv There was no one wise enough or sharp enough to seo that money could be made just as rapidly washing clothes as in any other wav. While my old friend was rejoicing in being able to earn $16 a day driving nails, I saw an opportun ity of doing better, and increasingly better, filling a great need, and giv ing -work to others, when started the hotel it was on the same princi ple and with like result With bank ing the same. It has never failed will never fail. Of course in an older country the possibilities are not so great, because fewer needs exist, but always there are niches to fill by those fitted for the place. Another element of success is to know how to work. You smile. It is years since I have been called on to labor, but my hands could do at one time of my life any thing I wished. I have grown .indiff erent to ambition, and am content to live as I do." jY. T. Sun. Absolutely Pure- Tliis powder never varies. A marvel o purity. strer.frth and whjlesomeness. 3Iore economical than the ordinary kinds, and cannot be sold in competition with the mul titude of low test short weight, alum or phosphate powders. Snldonluin cans, ltov jvr. Uakixg rowoEii Co.. loo Wall-st. N. Y. Fife STOSXACH & 81TTERs ThoucnFUakon in every joint and fiber Kith Cover and asruo. or bilious remittent, the sys tem mar ret be freed from the malicnant vi rus with lloslctter'a Stomach Bitters. Pro tect tho system against it with this beneficent anti- spasmodic, which Is furthermore a su preme remedy for liver complaint, constipa tion, dyspepsia, debility, rneumatum. Kidney troubles and other ailments. For salo by all Druggists and Dealers generally. LADIES NOTICE F0R BAKGALV8 Call at MltS. E. A. HULL'S. A Choice selec tion ot FANCY GOODS AND NOTIONS, Pictures atod Mottoes of all Descriptions. Card Sea rd. Sets, a Sheet. Opposite the Astoria Candy Factory. y pot f 0 CElHRATEt 5 HOTELS AND RESTAUKANTS. PARKER HOUSE, II. B. IM.RKK2C. Prop.. ASTORIA. - OREGON E.P. PARKEK. - Manager mid Asi-a:. Al.CROSDY. - - Day Clerk, Phil. BOWERS, - - Night Ulerk. las. DUFFY, has the Bar and Billiard room. First Class in all Sespects. FREE COACn TO THE HOUSE. IT IS A FACT -THAT JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE ox Concomly Street is the Best in Town. THAT lie lias Always on Hand FRKSXI Shonl Water Bay anil East ern Oysters. THAT "JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER. rnAT He has breu Proprietor or the "Aurora Hotel" la KnapptoH seTrnjrarv OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. A New Departure. At Frank Fahre's, is daily set a TABLE D'HOTE from 6 to 7 :30 P M At which A FINE FRENCH DINNER, With Half a Bottle Wine "Will bo furnished for 50 cents. Board by tho Month, - 23 to S30 Lodging? can be procured by the day, week or month. My establishment is fltted newlv throughout, and everything main tained in the best stvle. Jb'KAXK FABOE. A Good Cup of Coffee AND OYSTERS. MRS. TOWEI.L HAS OPENED AN OYS ter stand and Coffee House on Main street next to the Oregou Bakery. Everj attention paid to patrons. COSMOPOLITAN Chop House and Restaurant. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. 3Ieul 25 cents and. upwards. G. UOU&AJID, MAIN" ST1IEET. Proprietor. - ASTORIA. Astoria Restaurant EDWARD YOUNG Announces to the public that he lias located In the rooms formerly occupied by the City Book Store, where he will keep a Restaurant ant Chop Honse Furnishing meals to order at all hours. Ills patrons will find the tables supplied with ten or twelve of the best newspapers. His reputation as former proprietor nf the N-w England ltestaurant is a .sufficient recommendation for his new house. THE BEST Boarding and Lodging House. Chas. "Wallman has ooened a hoardineand lodging house south ot O'Brien's hotel, near me gas woncs. The table Is supplied with the best the market affords ; good food and clean beds wm De iurnisneu at tue regular prices. Give me a call and satisfy Yourselves, CUAS. WALLMAN. CKAS, A, MAY, New Store, New Stock, Toys, Fancy Goods, Tobacco and Cigars. FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC FRUITS A PINE ASSORTMENT. Squcmoo.ua street, next door to the Empire Store. ul7-6m S.ARNDT & FERCHEN, ASTORIA. - OREGON. The Pioneer Machine Shop BLACKSMITH Boiler Shop 5 All kinds ot ENGINE, CANNERY, AND STEAMBOAT WORE Promptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. Croup, Whooping Couch and Bron chitls immediately relieved by Shlloh'i Cure. SoldbyW.E. Dejnent. BUSINESS CARDS. It, THOMSON, Attorney and Counselor at Law. Room No. C, over "White House, ASTOKIA, OREGON. .5. X'AT. HCDiO.V. Attorney r Lair, and Notary Public. Odd Fellows Building, AstorhvOregor C. W. FULTON. O. C. FULTOJf. FVI.TO?S BROTHERS, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Rooms 5 and c.Odd Fellows Building. J BOW LBY. ATTORNEY AT LAW. Cheiiamus trret, - - ASTORIA, OREGON K. MrACIIK AX. Attorney at Haw. Room 4, White House. Q J. CUKTIS, ATT'i AT LAW. Notarv Public. Commissioner of Deeds for California, New York and Washington Ter ritory. Koonu 3 aim uoa teuows uuiiuing, As toria. Oregon. X. B -Claims at Washington. D. C, and collections a specialty. .V. AIjIiK . Astoria AgCHt Hamburg-Magdeburg and German-American FIRK INSURANCE COMPANIES. jg O. HOJjDF.X NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AND IN SURANCE AGENT. Q.KLO Jr PAKKF.R. SURVEYOR OF Clatsop County, and City of Astoria Office :TChenamus street, Y. M. C. A. hall JR. X. C. BO ATM AX. Physician and Surgeon. Rooms 9 aud to. Odd Fellows Building, ASTORIA, OREGON. JAY TUTTIiR, 21. I. PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Omen Rooms 1, 2. and 3. Pythian Build Ing. Residence Over J. E. Thomas' Drui Store. P. MICKS, u PENTIST, ASTORIA, --- - OREGON Rooms in Allen's bulldinz up stairs, corner oi uass ana bqemocque stret . JC. J. E. LaFOIlCf, BE5TIST, Room 11. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or. Gas administered for painless extraction of teeth. MUSIC. PROF. T. T. MEYER. Graduate of Ileldelberg Unlyerslty. Piano Teacher. GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGEHCY. Bills of Exchange on any Part oi Europe. 1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING well known and commodious steanulilo Ines, STATE LINE, RED STAR. WHITE STAR. HAMBURG-AMERICAN. DOMINION LINE, NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE. Prepaid tickets to or from any European port. i-or iuu iniormauon as to rates or iare, sailing days, etc, apply to I. W. CASE. OEO. I WHEELER. Notary Public T T,. F.0UB. WHEELER & R0BB. GENERAL Heal Estate I lung Agents. "We have very desirable property In As toria and Upper Astoria for sale. Abo, fine farms throughout the county. Accounts carefully adjusted and collec tions made. "We represent the Itoyal, Norwich Union and Xiaaea thirc Insurance Co'a., With a combined capital of 830,000,000. THE Traveler Life and Accident Insar anre Co , of Hartford, and the Man hat tan Llf InnBrance Co., of New York. "SVe are agents for the Datfy. and Weekly Xnrt)nccst News, and the Oregon VidetU. All business entrusted to our care will re ceive prompt attention. C. H. BAIN & CO. DEALERS IX Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms Turning, Bracket Work. t'l 1 1 if mi v 1 A specialty, and all work guaranteed. Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumber ; Ore gon and Fort Orford Cedar. All kinds ot boat material on hand. C. H. BA1S dt CO. POSTPONE YOUR PURCHASES! Till I Return. INCREASING BUSINESS DEMAND New TILL MY RETURN FROM SAN FRANCISCO The Following Prices Hold Good: 5 Cents Each. Fireside Companion, N. Y. Weekly Ledger, Saturday Night, Arm Chair, Family Story Paper, Boys of New York, Weeks Doings, Texas Siftings, S. F. Chronicle, Call, Oregonian, News and Astoriax, etc., etc. 8 Cts., 3 for 25 Cts., 13 or $1.00. Police Gazette, Police News, Illustrated Times, Puck, Wasp, and Judge, Harper's Bazaar and Weekly, Leslie's Weekly and Chimney Corner, Argonaut, and many others. I have printed tickets for those papers to make exact change. Back numbers always on hand. QK PynO Leslie's Popular Monthly, AO IS, young Ladies Journal, etc. 30 CeiltS. Harper's Monthly, etc. Having made arrangements with all publishers I am enabled to give the public a benefit of the above named reductions 1 have also REDUCED the price for Subscriptions, which will bo as follows: Harper's Weekly, per year $3.75 not $ 00 " Bazaar, " 3.75 " 4.00 Monthly 18 3.50 " 4.00 All three for 10.00 " 12.00 Leslie's Weekly, per year ... v 3.75 " 4.00 LeslieVChimney Corner, per yoaf ... . . . , 3.75 " 4.00 " Popular Monthly . " " 2.85 3.00 Fireside Companion 2.75 " " 3 00 New York Ledger ' 2.75 " 3.00 Saturday Night 2.75 " 3.00 Family Story Paper 2.75 " 3.00 Arm Chair 2.75 " 3.00 S. F. Argonant 3.75 u 4.00 Puck 4.50 " 5.00 And all others too numerous to mention at the same rates. Now is your time to subscribe for the coming year. Remember Carl Adler's Subscription News Depot. ADLER still holds THE FORT ! Ziools at This ! All the following line cloth hound Books gilt ed;re. Red Line edition, formerly $1.50 at 75 cents. Eulwer Lytton, Campbell, Spencer, Hemans, Tennyson,"1 Hood. Moore, Jean Ingelow. Crabb. Pope, Shakespeare, Goldsmith. Chaucer. Coleridge, Lucile. Dryi' en. Macaulay, Scott. Schiller. Milton. Keats, Kirk, White, Goss.Thouipr-.on, Herbert, Ayton. "Woodworth. Longfellow, Holmes. Bayard Taylor, Shelby, Kodgers, Burns, Cooper, and many, many more. Fine line of Novels and Gift Books, rlcli'y bound, formerly $1.50 .now only 75 cents. Tom Brown's School Days, Tour of the World, The Fur Country, i'lve "Weeks In a Balloon, Anderson's Fairy Tales, Arabian Nichts. Young Crusoe, Tales from Shakespeare, Don Quixote, Gem, Household Stories, Dick Rodney. Aesops Fables. Last Days ot Pompeii, hoblnson Crusoe, Rob Rov, The Midshipman. Darinct Deeds. French Fancy Tales, Th Privateersman. Young Forester, Peter the Whaler, and hundreds more. LOW PH.IOSS. Every article of mr new, fine : Alili COJLPIiTlilOX. Books, Stationery, and Notions in endless variety. A flue display of Gold and Silver Watches. Clocks and Jewelry, Rodger Bros. Silverware, as Knives, Forks and Spoons, Castors, Cups, Tea Sets, etc, etc, will Ibe sold cheaper than anywhere else. PLA.N0S AND ORGANS of the best makers very Low for Cash, er ea Easy Installments. MOSICAL INSTRUMENTS of every description. Sheet Music and Music Instructoia of the latest publications. 100 new Music Books just received from the East. flirXTQ t The finest assortment oi Toys, "Wagons. Velocipedes, Baby Carriages, X J Xu ! etc, etc, can only be found at Adler's well known Crystal Palace. Enabled by many years of experience I succeeded In selecting a stock of coods which will suit young and old. I mean to do a square, honest business, giving full value for every dime received. Polite clerks will be found in attendance and no trouble to show goods. KEMEXBEB X WXLIj XOT BE ILVDEBSOLD. 4 ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bektox Stbeet, Neak Pakkkk House, ASTORIA, - OREGON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LAHD anft HL4EIKE EE&INES Boiler Work, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. Of all Descriptions made to Order at Short Netice. A. D. "VTA38, President. J. G. Hustler, Secretary, I. Vi. Case, Treasurer. 4 JH2TFox,8uprIntendent. ! selected stock will he sold at prices that will DEFY Crystal Palace. Carl Adler, Proprietor. STOHE & DAVIDSON COMMISSION MERCHANTS. Dealers In LUMBER, HAY, GRAIN", POTATOES, AND COUNTRY PRODUCE. Advances made on Consignments. -..X. i v 4?