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'If & VOL. XX, NO. 61. ASTORIA, OREGON, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1883. PRICE, FIYE CENTS. BILL NYE'S RESIGN. The following ia the only exact copy of Bill Nye's official letter in which he resigned the post office at Laramie City, W. T.: Post Office Divas, Labamie City, Oct 1, 1883. J To the President of the United States: Sir I beg leave at this time to officially tender my resignation as postmaster at this place and in due form to deliver the great seal and key to the front door of the office. The safe combination is set on the num bers 33, 66 and 99, though I do not re member at this moment which comes first, or how many times you revolve the knob, or which direction you should turn it at first in order to make it operate. There is some mining stock in my private drawer in the safe, which I have not yet removed. This stock you may have, if you desire it. It is a luxury, but you may have it I have decided to keep a horse instead of this mining stock The horse may not be so pretty, but it will cost less to keep him. You will find the iostal cards that have not been used under the dis tributing table, and the coal down in the cellar. It the stove draws too hard close the damper in the pipe, and shut the general delivery win dow. Looking over my stormy and event ful administration as postmaster here I find abundant cause for thanksgiv ing. At the time I entered upon the dutie3 of my office the department was not j'cfc on a paying basis. It was not even self-sustaining. Since that time, with the active co-operation of the chief executive and the heads of the department, I have been able to make our postal system a paying one, and on top of that I am now able to reduce the tariff on average-sized letters from three cents to two. I might add that this is rather too too, but I will not say anything that might seem undignified in an official resignation which is to beaome a matter of history. Through all the vicissitudes of a tempestuous term of office I have safely passed. I am able to turn over the office to-day in a highly im proved condition, and to present a purified and renovated institution to my successor. Acting under the advice pf Geuernl Hatton a year ago, I removed the feather bed with which my prede cessor, Deacon Hayford, had bolstered up his administration by stuffing the window, and substituted glass. Find ing nothing in the book of instruc tions to postmasters which made the feather bed a part of my official duties, I filed it away in an obscure place and burned it in effigy, also, in the gloaming. This .act maddened my predecessor to such a degree that he then and there became a candidate for justice of the peace on the Demo cratic ticket The Democratic party was able, however, with what aid it secured from the Republicans, to plow the old man under to a great de gree. It was not long after I had taken my official oath before an era of un exampled prosperity opened for the American people. The price of beef rose to a remarkable altitude, and other vegetables commanded a good figure and a ready market "We then began to make active preparations for the introduction of the straw berry, roan two-cent stamps, anC the black-and-tan postal note. One re form has crowded upon the heels of another until the country is to-day upon the foam crested wave of a per manent prosperity. 3Ir. President, I cannot close this letter without thaukingyourself and the heads of the departments at Washington for your active, cheery and prompt co-operation in these matters. You can do as you see fit, of course, about incorporating this idea into your Thanksgiving procla mation, but rest assured it would not be ill-timed or inopportune. It is not alone a credit to myself. It re flects credit upon the administration also. I need not say that I herewith transmit my resignation with great sorrow and genuine regret Wo have toiled on together month after month asking for no reward except the in nate consciousness of recitude and the salary' "was fixed by law. Now wo are to separate. Here the roads seem to fork, as it were, and you and I and the cabinet must leave each other at this point You will find the key under tho door mat, and you had better turn tho cat out at night when you close the office. If she does not go readly you can make it clearer to her mind by throwing the canceling stamp at her. If Deacon Hayford does not pay up his box rent, you might as well put his mail in the general delivery, , and when Bob Head gets drunk and insists on a letter from one of his wives every day in the week, you can salute him through tho box delivery with an old Queen Anne tomahawk which you will find near the Etrus can water pail. This will not in any manner surprise either of these parties. Tears are unavailing. I once more become a private cjtizen, clothed only with tho right to read such postal cards as may be addressed to me per sonally, and to curse the inefficiency of the postoffico department I may bo in error as to the attributes of ail American citizen, but I believe the nboveto be the most prominent it believe the voting class to be divided into two parties, viz.: those who are fn the postal service and those who are mad because they cannot receive registered letter every fifteen min utes of each day, including Sunday. 3Ir. President, as an official of this government I now retire. My term of office would not expire until 1886. I must therefore beg pardon for my eccentricity in resigning. It will be best, perhaps, to keep the heart breaking news from the ears of European powers -until the dangers of a financial panic are fully past .Thenhnrl it broadcast with a sick . r. fining thud. ' -Very respectfully youra, Bn.1 Nxe. Non-Resitleiit and Alien Land Grabber. The rapid concentration of land in to the hands of a few, in the new States and Territories will before very long be a great obstacle in.the way of their future prosperity, besides a great injustice to the landless working man. However we may differ in reference to the question of fee-simple titles in land, agrananism or monopoly, no right thinking man can fail to see the bad policy of allowing the titles of land to pass into the hands of the few. The land is the only source or sustenance, directly and indirectly for human be ings. For this reason many very able writers have denied the right of any governmeut,monarchial or republican, to convev fee-simple titles absolute to any lands. Wliaiever doubt wo may have on that proposition there can be no doubt that there should be a limit placed to the ownership of lands in large quantities either by individuals or corporations. It is infinitely safer and more just to permit monoiwly in anything and everything else than lands. Human beings, without money, without rail roads, without anything but muscle, can wrest a livelihood from mother earth. But when the ownership and control of land has passed into the hands of monopolists the average cit izen, without capital, is reduced to a condition of peonage. He is at the mercy of the owners of the soiL Not only have wc alienated vast amounts of land to railroad corpora tions, but now foreign syndicates are being formed and are buying up im mense tracts of land. Bad as has been our policy of alieiiating large quantities of our lands to our own citizens, this permitting alien capital lo come hero and speculate in our lands is certainly short-sighted and suicidal. If the present system of fee-simple titles in land is to con tinue, at least should bo some regu lation to prevent foreign residents ac quiring title to our lands. The owner of the soil should be a citizen on the soil. Indeed there should be some means adopted to prevent the ownership by any man or firm of any large amount of land. We have been so prodigal of our public lands that within the next gen eration there will be no chance for the enterprising worker to obtain any interest in the soil except by purchase at second hands, and at largely in creased prices. We of this generation may not suffer much. But the coming gener ations, in looking back and learning of our wasteful and reckless disposi tion of tho public domain, will do anything but call us "blessed." We can at least prevent any further mon opoly in the soil, and pass laws for bidding, in the future, the purchase. by any one, of more than a limited amount of land. This, with the ab sence, in our country, of the law of entail, will in time partially right the wrong we have done to the coming citizens. Wise statesmanship looks not only to the interests of to-dav, but tho well-beiug and natural rights of the millions to come after us. There are just as vital and pressing questions of politics demanding solu tion to-day and in the near future as any which have agitated tho public mind in the past, not even excepting the one of slavery. We cannot shirk our responsibility in these matters without-endangering the peace of the future any more than our forefathers did in reference to that "sura of all villainies" chattel slavery. The right time to solve knotty ques tions and abate evils, is before they attain colossal proportions. If post poned too long, nothing but convul sion and revolution will do the work. A FULL LIKE OF Fancy Groceries. WINES AND LIQUORS HARDWARE AND Ship Chandlery: Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. In Hume's 2s'ew Building A. V. Allen, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in 'Pravlsions, MILL FEED. Glass and Plated Ware, TROFICAL AND DOMESTIC FRUITS AND VEGETABLES. Together with Wines, Liquors,Tobacco,Cigars BOAT BUILDING, B. M. LEATHERS ILis reopened his boat shop, over Arndt & Ferchen's, foot of LaFayette street, utid Is prepared to turn out FIRST-CLASS BOATS. AU WORK GUARANTEED. FOABD TIE THE GREAT GERMAH REMEDY FOR PAIN. Rlires tni cum BHEUXATISH, Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago, BACKACnE, EI1D1CS2, rOOTHiCS. SORE THROAT, QCIN3T, STTXLL1XG3, SrKAINS, Sxtzus, Cits, 3n&s, FROSTBITES, nenxs. SCALDS, Xcl all other boilly ukH and palu. run enrs i bottix SoIJ bj all Dnsrftw a&l Dealer.. Directive, la II Tis Chitlci A.7etls: C:. B.hlaort, Ml, C.S.A. gBi flU ,WL fciffifts Though fhnken in every joint Mid fiber with fever and ague, or bilious remittent, tho sys tem mav yet be freed from tho malignant vi rus with IJojtctter'i Stomach Hitters. Pro tcct the system against it with this beneficent anti-spasmodic, which is furthermore a su preme remedy for liver complaint, constipa tion, dyspepsia, debility, rheumatism, kidnoy troubles and other ailments. For sale by all Druggists and Dealers generally. S. ARNDT & FEROREN, ASTORIA. - 0 KEG ON. The Pioneer Machine Shop BLACKSMITH SHOP AND Boiler Shop All kinds of ENGINE, CANNERY, AND STEAMBOAT WORE Promptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. Mrs. R. QTJTNN, GROCERIES AND PROVISIONS, Crockery ami Glassware, j&u DFTXXX Stools.. NEW GOODS CONSTANTLY RECEIVED. Northwest corner Squcmoqun and Main Streets. M7-3m Mrs T.W. Eaton. Miss Florence Camahan. EATON a CARNAHAN, PKALKIW JJT Fine Millinery .xn Fancy Goods. Cass Street, next door to Odd Fellows Buildinj:. . J. HESS. A. M. JOHNSON. Astoria Sail Loft, MANUFACTURERS OF SAILS, TENTS. AWNINGS, TARPAULINS, And everytliinji else pertaining to our Business. Lowes tPrice and Best "Work For your Money, At the Old Stand. Leave your orders and get your work done at once. .1. HESS & CO. Astoria, - Oregon. The Portland and Astoria STEVEDORE COMPANY Is prepared to contract with mastors and consignees of rcssels for the Loading and Unloading of Vessels AT EITHER PORT. Promptness and satisfaction guaranteed In all cases. Reatty for Business M. D. KANT, Great Knock Down ! AND GIFT SALE!! Immense Success! Remember this is no lottery, nor have I any favorites to draw the prizes, every thing is fair and square. On New Year's Eve I will put up for raffle three prizes. FIRST: I Suit of Clothing, $25. SECOND: I Overcoat; Worth $20. THIRD: I Hat. Worth $5.00. To any person purchasing at my store $2 wor f gods ! $2 OR MORE FOR CASH ! I will give a number for said- raffle, I offer my goods at the lowest market pi ices, marked in plain figures. - I do this to rednce my enormous fall and winter stock of clothing and furnishing goods M. D. KANT, The Boss Merchant Tailor and Clothier t The Gem Saloon. The Popular Resort for Astorians. FOK T1IK Finest of Wines and Liquors Co to the GEM SALOON. ALEX.CAMPREL1., - PROPRIETOR. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. BkntoxStheet, Nrar Paukkk Housk, ASTORIA. - OREGON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LAND anfl MARINE EKfilUES BoilerWork, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. CASTINGS , Of all UeHcrlptlouH made to Order at Short Notice. A. D. W'ass, President. .1. G. Hdstlkk, Secretary, I. W. Cask, Treasurer. John Fox.Superintendent. C. H. BAIN & CO. DEALERS IX Doors, Windows, Blinds, Transoms Turning, Bracket Work. Sliop W oris. A specialty, and all work guaranteed. Oak, Ash, Bay, and Walnut lumber ; Ore gon and Port Orford Cedar. All kinds of boat material on hand. C. II. BAIX fc CO. THE LATEST STYLES WALL PAPER AT . B. B. FRANKLIN'S, NEXT DOOR TO ASTORIAN OFFICE. A very large Stock from which to select. "Window curtains made to order. "My patent Trimmer to cut Wall Papr wui De iouna conTenisni 10 my patrons. HOTELS AND RESTAURANTS. PARKER HOUSE, II, B. PAHKF.lt. Prop.. ASTORIA, - - . - OREGON. E. P. PARKER. - Manager and Agent. Al. CROSBY. - - Day Clerk Phil. BOWERS, - - Night Clek. Jas. DUFFY has the Bar and Billiard room. First Class in all Eespects, FREE COACH TO THE HOUSE. IT IS A PACT -TILAT JEFF'S CHOP HOUSE OX Concomiy Street is the Best in Town. THAT il; has Always on Hand FRESH Shoal "Water Bay and East ern Oysters. THAT "JEFF" IS THE BOSS CATERER. THAT He ha been Proprietor or the "Aurora 110101" In KnapptoH bcych years. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. A Good Cup of Coffee AND OYSTERS. MRS. POWELL HAS OPENED AN OYS ter stand and Coflee House on Main street next to the Oregon Bakery., Every attention paid to patrons. COSMOPOLITAN Chop House and Restaurant. OPEN DAY AND NIGHT. HeitlB 23 centM and nptvarils. G. BOULAKD, - - Proprietor. 3IAI.V STKEET, ASTORIA. Campi Restaurant. NEW AXI) AVELTj EQUIPPED THROUGHOUT, L. Serra has rebuilt his establishment and is prepared to accommodate the traveling public. A good meal furnished1 at anyihoar.of the day or night. The finest Liquors and Cigars at the bar. Two doors west of Ike Foster's. n2S-Ctn LUIGI SERRA. Astoria Restaurant. EDWARD YOUNG Announces to the public that he has located In the rooms formerly occupied by the City Book Store, where he will keep a Restaurant and Clop House Furnishing meals to order at all hours. Ills patrons will find the tables supplied with ten or twelve of the best newspapers. Ills reputation as former proprietor of the New England Restaurant is a sufficient recommendation for Ills new house. THE BEST Boarding and Lodging House. fhas. Wallman has opened a boarding and lodging house south of O'Brien's hotel, near the gas works. The table Is supplied with the best the market affords : good food and clean beds will be furnished at the regular prices. Give me a call and satisfy yourselves. CHAS. "WALLMAN. H. B, PARKER, - DEALER Kf Hay, .Oats, Straw. Lime, Brick, Cement and Sand Weed Delivered to Order. Draying, Teaming and Express Business. Horses ana Carriages for Hire. DEALER IK WINES, LIQUORS AND CIGARS. FIRST CLASS J. H. D. GRAY. Wholesale and retail dealer In. GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc. LIME, SAND, AND CEMENT. General storage and Wharfage on reason able terms. Foot of Benton street. Astoria Oregon. RE&D1AR STEAM PACKET "Daisy," and Barge. Will leave Astoria, from Gray's Dock, For Olney, and Head of Youngs Elver, Daily, at 8 A.M., (except Wednesdays and Sundays.) Eeturnlng same day. For Landings on Lewis & Clark's River, On Wednesdays, at 8 A. M., Returning same day. "For Freight or Passage, apply on board or at Gray's Dock, where Freight will be r . 3i H. D. 6BAY. TRANSPORTATION LINES. Oregon Railway & Navigation OCEAX MVISIOX. Durinjr the month of December, 1833, San Francisco every Tuesday and Friday. auu uuui oau crancjsco ior i'oruana every Wednesday and Saturday, leaving Alns worth Dock. Portland, at Midnight, and Spear Street Wharf, San Francisco, at 10 a.m. ThpnnIi Tlnkaru cnM tn .11 nijnnliwl cities in the United States, Canada and RAIL DIVISION. .Passenger Trains leave Portland for East em points, at 9 :00 P. M. daily. RIVER DITISIOX (Middle Columbia). Boats leave Portland for Dalles at 7 :O0 A M. ALSO : Leave Port-l land for !Mbn Tu. lwe.lThu.lFrl. Is Sil Astoria ndl lnmbla....l6AMlfi AM RAM S AM RAM Drton. Or. 7 AM ',7AM 17 AM S3u;::MSAai 6AM Victori&.BClfi AM6 AMSAM fi AMI AM CAM Leaves A tori a for Portland at 6 a. m. dailj ex cept Sunday. Pnllmnn Tlia ra nnninr Kilnai. P.. land, aad St. Paul, C. H. PRKSCOTT. JOHN MDTR, Sup't of Trattlc E. P. ROGERS, General Agent Passenger Dep't. Manager. A. L. STOKES, AsaUt- Sup't. of Traffic. Oregon & California R. R. OREGON & TRANSCONTINENTAL .COMPANY, LESSEE. On and after Dec. 2d, 1SS3, trains will ran as follows : DAILY (Except Sundays). KASTSinr. Divisiojr. Between PORTLAXD anil 12 CAST'S PASS MAIL THAIX. LEAVE. ARRIVE, Portland 7:30 A. M .Grant's Passl:20 a. m. Grant'sFasslOawr.MlPortland . 4i25 r. m. ALBANY EXPRESS TRAIN. LEAVE. ARRIVE. Portland 4 :00 r. MjLcbanoti 9 50 r. m Lebanon 4 :45 a. M.'Portland... 10 :Q5 a. m The Oregon and California Railroad Ferrv makes connection with all Regular Trains on Eastslde Division. WEST8IDE DIV 3SI BfitwecH Portland ami Corvnllm MAIL. TRAIX LEAVE. ARRIVE. Portland 9 aTO a. M.iCorvalll- 4 -JM p. m. Corvallis 8 :30 A. m. Portland 3 50 r.sr. EXPRESS TKAIX LEAVE. ARRIVE. Portland 5 :00 p MlMcMInnvllIe.8 :00 pm 3IcMinnville5:45 A Ml Port land 8 :S0am Close connections made at Grant's Pass with the Stages of the Oreeon and Califor nia Stage Company. a-TIckets for sale at all the principal pojnts In California, at Company's Ofilce, Corner F and Front Sts., fortland, Or. Freight will not be received for shipment afterjo'clock.p.i. on either the East or West Bide Division. R. KOEHLER, Gen'l Mana?or. JOHN MUIB. Sup't. of Traffic. E. P. ROGERS, General Ajt't Passenger Dep't. A. tu STOKES. ASSt Sup't. ot frafflc. liwaco StwmHayigatipn Go.'s WINTER SCHEDULE. Astoria to Fort Stevens, Fort Canby, and liwaco. Connecting by stages for Oystervllle and Olympla. Until further notice the liwaco Steam Navigation Co.'s .steamers "Gen. Miles," or "Gen. Canby" Will leave Astoria On Mondays and Thursdays, at 7 A. M. FOR Ft.Stevens, Ft. Canby and liwaco OK Tuesdays, Wednesdays, Fridays and Saturdays. The steamer will leave Astoria at 9 a.m.. as formerly, not being confined strictly to schedule time. Fare to Fort Stevens 50cts " " Canby and liwaco SI 00 tIlwaco frelcht. by the ton. In lots one ton or over, $2 per ton. i37For Tickets, Towage or cnarter ap ply at tho ofilce of the company. Gray's wharf, foot of Benton street. ,J. il. 11. liitAX, Agent. Shoalwater Bay Transportation Co. SUMMER ROUTE. Astoria to Olympia, Touching at Fort SteveiiM. Fort Canby, II warn North Beach, OyHtervillc. Xortl Cove, PetersonH I'olnl. Ho qnlnrn, JIotatCM&no, And all points on Shoalwater Bay, and Gr ITarbor. GEN. MILES.) Strs. or y On Columbia Rive i GEN. CANBY. J GEN. GARFIELD " Shoalwater Ba " MONTESANO " Cray's IIar!o Connecting with Stage over Portage. Leave Astoria for Olynipia, at - - 7 A. 31. On Mondays, Thursdays and Saturdays, arriving at Montesano the day after leaving Astoria through trip In GO hours. Leave Olympla for Astoria on same days. Columbia Transportation Co. FOR PORTLAND. (FAST TIME.) The popular steamer FLEETWOOD, Which has been refitted for the comfort o passengers will leave Wilson and Fisher's dock every Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6 AM. arriving at Portland at 7 P. M. Returning leaves Portland every Tuesdays and Thursdays at 6 A. M. Arriving at Astoria at 1 P. M. An additional trip will be made on Sunday of Each Week, Leaving Portland at O e'cleelc Sunday SlerniBsr. Passengers by this routs connect at Kalama ior souna ports. u. a. bwit, President BUSINESS CAHD3. Q IS. THOMSON, Aticrney and Counselor at Law. Room No. c, over "White House, ASTORIA, OREUON. C. W . FULTOX. O. C. FULTOJC FUiTTOX BROTHERS, ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Rooms 5 and c. Odd Fellows Building. J U.A.BOWLBY, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Chenamus treet, - - ASTORIA, OREGON Q K.:lrACITKAX, Attorney atravr.. Room 4, White House. J. CURTIS, ATT'Jf AT LAW. California, New York and Washington Ter- Rooms 3 mill J Dilil TTAltniva Ttnll.Uno- Ac. toria. Oregon. collections aspeclalty. Astoria Agent Hamburg-Magdeburg and German-American FIRE INSURANCE COMPANIES. J C. OM)EX, NOTARY PUBLIC, AUCTIONEER, COMMISSION AN!) IN SURANCE AGENT. Q.EI.O F. PARItEK. SURVEYOR OF Clatnop County, uiid City of Astoria Office :-CIienamus street, Y. M.C. A. hall Room No. 8. It. X. C JBOAT3IAX, Physician and Surgeon. Rooms 9 and 10, Odd Fellows Building, ASTORLV, OREGON. JAY TUTTXiE, 31. . PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Office Rooms l. 2. anil a "Pvthf.-m Tiniii RESIDENCE Over .T. E. Thorn' TJritir Store. -p P. HICKS, PENTIST, ASTORIA, --- - OREGON Rooms in Allen's bnildlnir un stairs, corner of Cass and Snemocqhe stret . JQB. J. E. JLaFOKCE, Room il. Odd Fellows Building, Astoria, Or. Gas administered for niUnle.sq rtr!uMnn of teeth. CABAXISS, Late of Fort Stevens, has come to Astoria ior tnc purpose of practicing MEDICINE AND SURGERY. Will visit patients In the country and city. Oflke in Odd Fellows Building. Residenco aDove uatnouc unurcn. GENERAL STEAMSHIP AGENCY. Bills of Exchange on any Part ol Europe. 1AM AGENT FOR TIE FOLLOWING well known and commodious stcamslitu Incs, STATE LINE, RED STAR. "WHITE STAR. HAMBURG- AMER ICAN, DOMINION LINE, NATIONAL, and AMERICAN LINE. Prepaid tickets to or from any European port. For full Information as to rates of fare, sailing days, etc, apply to 1. OEO. P. WHEELER. W. l. Bonn. Notary Public. WHEELER & HOBB. GENERAL Seal Estate"! Iisnrw Apnts. We have very desirable property In As toria and Upper Astoria for safe. Also, line farms throughout the county. Accounts carefully adjusted and collec tions made. We represent the Koynl, Norwich Union and Jjanca Hiurc insurance jo'8., With a combined capital of S30.000.000. THE Travelers Lite and Accident Insur ance Co, of Hartford, and the Man hnttan lAfe Insurance Co.. of New York. We are agents for the Daily and Weekly Xorthicest iYcira, and the Oregon Vidette. All business entrusted to our care will re ceive prompt attention. STQI&DAMII COMMISSION MERCHANTS. Dealers In LUMBER, HAY, GRAIN", POTATOES, AND COUNTRY PRODUCE. Advances made on Consignments.