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wvifc &: ZfxG - . .r. .".-rtiBeBBaxK. . A .W'n'OT.A.. -. - '; ": fmMMy " ;" -fefefg Jr J JV 4-Jli' i : h VOL. XX111, BUSINESS CARDS. ASTORIA, OREGON, SITE DAY FKBRrABY 15, 1885. TV1- A. 2,. a:cl .T. A. FUlTOrC. Physicians nml Surgeons. Will cive promnt attention r :tll calls, riom any part of tlip city or country. Office over Allen. Store, corner Cass and Miupiuoqua streets, Astoria, Oregon. Telephone No. 41. DR. Flt.V.VK IAK. l'ftyNlelnn nzid Stirccnn. Office, Cor. Main and Cltcnainiis streets. vricR Heui: : ) to n a. si ;-2 to 3 v.yi. Iteshli'iice, opposite ihe.lohanscn building r.KO. J.OI.AVD . nonius. ATTOUNIJYS AT LAW. Office in Kinnev.-. i'.loi'k. Hall, Astoria. Oregon. pjittsiti City ( w. FULTO.V. U. V. I'L'I.TOy. FUr.TOX It Zl OTHERS. ATTORNEYS AT LAW. Rooms 5 and c. Odd Fellows Building. K7y .fei iil (Si 1 - t 1 :fil " 11 IE r3H'Kr m J- - SECRET "WAR HISTORY. J. II. A. KOWI.Itr. .T. A. OIM- BOVLBY A GILL. Attorneys nml CnutitclIorHM Law, Offirtvon Cheiiainiis Stieel. Astoria. Oregon. P IOIiIKX, " NOTARY TUB LIC, aj'ctu)m:i.k, commission am in SUliANCK AGF.N7. FMUZtl'.K. SURVEYOR OF Clattfop County, und Jity or.Vntorlu Office : Chenamus street. Y, M.C. A. hall IkUUIil AU. (5. QEL t VT -THE SfSTTOHIC. 3 This medicine, combining Iron with pure vegetable tonics, quickly and completely C urea UyBpepHla, IndlRChtion, VeRe Impure Blood, Malaria.CkUIs aad Fctcm, and Neuralgia. It is an unfailing remedy for Diseases of the KIilneyH and Liver. It Is Invaluable for Diseases peculiar to women, and all who lead sedentary lives It does not Injure the teeth, cause beodache.or produce constiiwition other Iron medicines do. It enriches and purifies the blood, stimulates the appetite, aids the assimilation or food. re lieves Heartburn and Belching, and strength ens the muscles and nerves. For Intermittent Fevers. Lassitude, Lack or Lncrgy, &c., it has no equal. 42 The genuine has above trade mark ana roused red lines on wrapper. Take no other Udr.!7bjr.BU0WKClimiClL CO, DALTHtORE, SH REDI.MJTO.V, WOODARD & CO., Portland, Or Wholesale Agent?-. A. V. Allen, Wholesale and lietallJDealer in C. XV. EiKECK. ARCHITECT AND SUPERINTENDENT. Oi'KiPK: Rooms. KinncjMJiIck I.roek, rAY"'IrUTTirK. f,il I). " PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON Oi'i'iOK Rooms 1. 2, aud 3. Pythian Build mg. Rksidknok-Oii Cedar Street, back ol ht. Mary'.s Hospllal. K P. IIIOKS. a. K.sn,uv, EIFOKS & &HAXV DENTISTS. Rooms in Allen' Building, up stairs, cor ner Cass and Squcinoqua stieets. Astoria, Oregon. BANKING AND INSURANCE l. W. CASE, Broker, Banker, and Insur ance Agent, ASTORIA, MILL FEED. Glass and Plated Ware, TROP10AI, AND DOMESTIC FRUITS AND VEGEfABLES. Together with ines, LiquorsJobacco.Cigars OFFICE HOURS From a o'clock A M. until 3 o'clock 1 Bozorth & Johns, Real Estate and Iusnrance Apentsaud Brokers ASTORIA. KOSTETTEtrc I I' n, 41 In 2 Black's Bepo;eis, page Gtio, may ye iouna tne report ot tne "prize cases' arguea ana decided in the su preme court of the United States at the December term of 1862. The opinion of the court, delivered by Air. Justice Grier of Pennsylvania, and the dissenting opinion, delivered by Mr. Justice Nelson of New York, both reported at length, give the history otine Beverai cases and the questions raised and decided in each of them. It "vrill be f ceu by reference to these opinions that the great and vital question, applicable to all the cases was whether the United States had the rights of a belligerent in the war declared and prosecuted agamst them by the southern states, then confed erated in rebelb'on. Littlo did the people of the loral states know, when the court was in private consultation on this question in the early part of the year 1863, that our national exist ence was depending upon the decision of nine judges, and that it was saved by tUbfvoteof one man. That page in the history of the rebellion has never been written, and I propose to write it now. The sunreme court of the TTniffvl States at the December term of 1862, ub composea oi nine judges as r u lows: Chief Justice Kebert T. Tanev. of Maryland; Justices James T. Wayne, of Georgia; John Oatron, of Tennessee; Samuel Nelson, of Now York; Bobert C. Grier, of Pennsyl vania: Nathan Clifford, of Maino- Noah M. Swayne, of Ohio; Samuel F. Miller, of Ohio; David Davis, of -uunois. President Lincoln, as the chief exe cutive or the government - and commander-in-chief of the army and navy, bad declared and notified a blockade of the seceded states in the month of April, 186L Not long uiterwaros, an J&ngiisu hart, a .Mexi can schooner and two vessels owne'd in Biohmond, Va., were severallv cap tured by ships of the United States government and brought into port as prizes. They were libelled together with their respective cargoes on be half of their captors and of the United oiures, ana in eacu case there was a decree of condemnation in the dis trict court. The claimants of the vessels and cargoes appealed to the supreme court, and thus the question was raised impeaching the validity of the blockade and the rights of the government in the war then uendinrr Every judge on the bench knew and appreciated the momentous import ance of those questions. hey knew that a decision adverse to the claims of the government would almost certainly result in the irretrievable ruin of the country. It would be a -. declaration to all the world by the supreme court of the' cision from the country for nearly nine months was finally 'defeated. It only remained now to appoint a member of the court to write and deliver the opinion. The chief No tice assigned Justice "Wayne to that duty. He was an aged man, in verv feeble health, and, whatever might have been the motive that inspired the appointment, it was npitl.r a kind one nor a proper one, Justice Grier came to his rescne. Ho rn-i minded the chief justice that, as lie was not in accord with the mninritv of the court, it was not his nlnee f say who should write the opinien: that Justice Wayne was the senior associate in the majority, and it was for him to say who should perform that duty. By his appointment, the opinion was written and delivered In- Judge Grier, vindicating the course ot .rreaident Liincolu, and confirming the claim of the government to the rights of a belligerent without a for mal declaration of war against the states in rebellion. A HALF-ACRE OF FIREWORKS. PRICE, FIVE CENTS IJ$G01 01 Wmmw K?5&5W ' jcrnY &P0OJ illlfafWKE GREAT J&sO Wilson Fisher Ship Chandlers, HEAVY AND SHELF HARDWARE j?"3-pjt-. aJi-nsr. C U P El S Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago, Backache. Headache.Tcothache, Soro Throat, S7cll!npu "prnlni, Brntics. llnnis KcalJs Fret llltei, """ A5D ILL OTUEU DOOILT PJIS3 Jl.ND ACHES. l It Dronrf.tf ao. Dler everywhere. Fitly CmUa !u!e. Directions ia II lansMj-j. THE CIIAKLES A. YODELUK CO . (SoacM,ituA.ocesCO.) Balllaore,aL,U.S.A All I Offi -MRS. EVA WAM.MA.V, - - Proprietor. ASTORIA, OEEfiON. First Class in Krcrj Respect. NEW 'FURNITURE. I'll toil MI Willi ioner for the every Conren Comflirt of The inauguration preparations are going rapidly on. Ten thousand chairs will probnblv be secured for seats in the ball-room for those who do not wish to dance, and the nron- arations of fitting np the new pension building for use are rapidly iroinz on. The extent of the display of fire- NEW HOUSE. "uiw increases witu everv davs consideration of the subject aud"it is intended to have both night and day fireworks. The day fireworks consist of 526 pieces, to be fired along the avenue while the procession is moving, and the Japanese night fire- woncs win oe grand in the extreme, including shells bursting with vari ous effects, large flights ot from 500 to 5,000 rockets of different colors. iloral fountains and shells, batteries , cf r. vi "D 1 of many colored lights, mines of UXStOria. SjBjKBYTT SaUClSSnns. R Tmmlvor tT aTi;i.:;n.. ! - -t pieces, mcludincr lanre niece renra- sentinga realistic scene of the falls of Niagara, 300 feet long by 65 feet high, making an area of 19,500 square feet of fire. Think of it! Nearly 20,000 square feet of fire- -al most half an aero of flame represent-' mg mo iaus oi xMagera! t it turns Cut one-tenth as well as it is renre- sented, the fireworks of the inaugu ration will be worth coining to Wash ington to see.--Washington Con the Cleveland Herald. Paints, Oils, and Varnish. LOGGERS1 SUPPLIES. PSOYI8IONS AND MILL FEED AGENTS FOB Salem Houring Mills, " Portland "Roller "Mills, Capital Hour and FAIRBANKS' SCALES. ASTORIA, OREGON. THE BEST IS THE ose jSl:f:ssj? ! Royal Brand Flour Manufactured by the OREGON MILLING COMPANY is oi tjuperior Quality, and Is Endorsed asi who i by; use It. THEHOUSEKEEPER'S FAVORITE Of Superior Rising Quality. Guaranteed to Give Satisfaction. WYATT & THOMPSON Sole Agents for Astoria. Transient and Permanent Guests. Comer Squeuioiuia and Wt cth Streets. B. B. Franklin, AND Columbia Candy Factory. IM. Jackson, Proprietor. IHV DIRECTOFTHF. MANUFACTURER ami Hare Money. French Mized Creams. 30 cts per lb .srirtuioanaiesaiiaTauysSO " " ill- ,J!read. I'ies and Cakes delivered every "' iViyti 0rajnc't:iJ work for Weddings anil J Parlies. Rest Ice Cream at reasonaulSprices Untota Mfl CaWnet Maker, SQUEMOQUA STREET, XEXT TO THK ASTORI.OT BUII.IIXO. JS"AII work ilnno in n tlrlirni minnn... short notice at reasonable rats. PaiDlini anfl Paper Hanpf. KALSOMINING ETC. Paint ijhop in rear of premises former!-occupied bj-C. II. Stockton, oppo site the Court Jlouse. All orders promptly ami satisfaetorly execnted. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Bkxtox Strkkt, Neab Parser House, ASTOKIA. - OREGON. Poland's Piteous Plaint. Nf.w York, Feb. 13. A Paris cor respondent has interviewed a Polish prince, who said, after describing the grievances ot his ceuntrymen: "The """re juukh unrK tons; iwen a war prices Don't Cheanest and bo-st iil!ii !n in.r.. forget the placer Chenamu3 St. near the Postoffice. The Seaside Bakery oRccsoar. is Oregon. We write policies in the following well known tire Insurance Companies' rilCEXIX OF HARTFORD. SCOTTISnNION AND NATIONAL OF LION. OF LONDON HOME. OF NEW 10RK. poor AND LANCAS1IIUE. OF LI VEtt- ?.3SSS!' 0F "ROOKLYN. CONNECTICUT. OK II a irrirown OAKLAND HOME. OF OAKLAND, CALA. C m ER Reamjat eRont;lit and Sold on CommlsHlon. J", ci, ROSS ..u. ,ir" :"s represent the WESTERX of alifornia. II AM II URn-nnn ir r v Af V5-VJ any. and AMKTiTnATv TPir'nnir ixsuRAxeEcoT "'""' aKJkJ- BlffERS By the use of Hosfettcr's Stomach Hitter the haggard ajipearance of the counte nance and sallowness of dyspeptics are supplanted by a healthier look, and as the food Is assimilated, the body acquires sub- ai.am.v-. Aipeiiie is restorca , and the nen- United States from whose judgments I beteea Knssia and Germany would Fli ESH BREAD 41 t .i . ... . Tint IPln IK nntr Warn tt-nf Iniln.n.l l ' mere was no anDenL innc .tn rnnrt , : -"" 3I:iin St. Astoria. Oregon. THE LATEST STYLES WALL" PAPER AT B. B. FRANKLIN'S, NEXT DOOR TO ASTORIAN OFFICE. A very large Stock from which to select. Window curtains made to order. EMy patent Trimmer to cut Wall Papei will be loand conveufent to my patrons. Boat Building. THE BEST STOCK AND WORKMANSHIP (5UARANTEED. Boats of Every Description Built. Shop oer Arndi & PerchenV. K. M. LKITHEIW. reireshrri witii mimii nann.i slumber, through the use of this medi cine, which is also beneficial to persons of a rheumatic tendency, and an Inestimable preventive oi fever and ague. For sale by all Druggists and Dealers generally. G. A. STINSON & CO., BLACKSMITHING. U,At Capt. Rogers old stand, corner oi CaM tlll vUUll OIXVCUJ. Ship and Cannery work, norseshoeinir. wagons maae and repaired. Good work guaranteed. Insurance Office OF Geo. P. Wheeler & Co. VIS!TQRSJ0j0RTLAND Should not forget to call at Town o's San Francisco Callery, where mav be ;een pliotogniiihs of all the leading meii and women olOiegon and WashingtonTerr "tor? hkllirm operators always in attendance and the most minute attention paid to icture, of children. Don't forget the location. S. IT prner HrI .and Morrison fctreets, uiiKtaln! ui.i. ..WH...1U-1 pa? me noor everv ten minutes, and this Is the nearest- ihUImv t2 tha Ave principal hotels nearest- gallery to Representing the fpllowlng first-class For eign and Home companies : Royal Norwich-Union and c .1 ., , ncashlre. assets. $36,000,000 South British and National. " 20 000 COO Mremans FunH. ilmooo Union. Fire and Marine l W 000 State, (dwellings only) - Wooo Ami the old and lehable Travelers Life and Accident Insurance Co. of Hartford, Conn. Deposited in Oregon. ?40o,0oo for the security of Policy holders. P0"! Attntlon given to all business, and Satisfaction (.uaranip.-! in ivn- ;.. CtflTlAA " OFFirK-In Hume's New Building. Asto na, Oregon. f W. E. DEMENT & CO. ASTOKIA. - - OREGON Carry in Stock, DRUGS, eHEHIGALS, TOILET and FANCY ARTICLES. Prescriptions'carefully Compounded was on the side of the rebellion, that tlw war was only an insurrection which was to be suppressed "by the application of the necessary force against the individuals concerned in it, and not a.war in the legal or tech nical sense, drawing after it the bel ligerent lights recognized by the law of nations, and that the declara tion of the blockade of the southern ports was an unauthorized and law less acfof President Lincoln which foreign governments were not bound to respect. This was all the south wanted. It was all that anvbodv wanted from the supreme court, who aesireu to see the union finally and lorever uestroyea ana an independ ent empire of slavery and cotton con trolling the commerce and destinv of wnat an English statesman was pleased to designate during the war as "the late United States." When the nine judges met in se cret consultation after the argument of counsel, the fact was developed that Chief Justice Taney, Justice Catron, Justice Nelson and Justice Clifford were prepared to decide the! question against me government They were ready with an opinion, ea aa tue opinion oi the court, without the knowledge of some of their associates, that Presi dent Lincoln bad no power to recog nize the existence of the rebellion ns a war within the meaning of the law of nations; had no power to blockade the southern ports, and that the cap turesfor breach of blockade or as enemies' property were consequently illegal and void, and that the decrees of condemnation should bo reversed and the vessels and cargoes restored to their owners. Justice "Wayne be ing a southern man. thev ernwM him as a matter of conrso, to concur io meir opinion, jtmt ho w&3 a per sonal ana intimate fnend of Jude ciner, ot Pennsylvania, who was a northern Democrat, loyal to the con stitution and. his country. That in timacy saved the nation. Judge Wayne voted with his friend, and the court stood five in favor of the gov ernment, and four against it. Defeated and vexed by this unex pected result, the chief justice sought to secure the final adjournment of the court for the terra without an an nouncement ot its decision. He per suaded Justice Wayne to consent to ih uuu uis Tore in its favor -would carry the scheme through. Put be fore that question was settled Justice Wayno told his friend what he had agreed to do. JuBtiee Grier imme diately denounced the proposed sup pression of the opinion of the oonrt pointed out the fatal results to the national cause whjeh would almost certainly flow from it, and induced Justice Wayne to retract the promise he had made to the chief jnsfioe xnuB inu aevica to withhold the Were wnr (Ipnlniwl to-morrow it would be fought out Delivered in any Part ot the Citv ou our Polish plains, and we should J ",l Ul ",B u,lJ CHRISTMAS CAKES: suffer doubly. Of revolution we dare not dream, and we do our utmost to discourage it What chance would our fowlintr pieces have against tlmsn jvrupps ana (jatlings? The times uii; wrnuiu. kixxx iiuerty ana our lands are gone, our langnage is threatened, onr religion is attacked, our bishops forbidden to make visita tions, and our priests liable to be banished to Siberia at any moment if they hear confession or give abso lution withont the authorization of the police. No fear of a Polish revo lution. AH we ask now is leave to live." Io the Splrltt of the Dead Visit UsI" We don't know. 'But we do know that some people who suffer from in digestion and imboverished blood have strange dreams, in which they see many unpleasant things. Sweet aicup is n messing wnicn comes with sound health and crood dirresKnn. isrowns iron Jaitters drives out in uiycauuu uuu uaa u reams, ana gives ueaun. cooa sieen ana vicorons itfo Life was a burden to Mrs. L. F.Griff en of 37 Walker St Baltimore, be cause of dyspepsia and bad hlnnd but she writes that Brown's Iron Bit ters gave her relief. Home-Made Candy Mads Daily: The Trade Supplied: Pine Pastry: suUthetinSr atoWW. ces to F. B. ELBERS0N, Prop . PARKER HOUSE Shaving anfl Batag Saloon. Ladies' Hair Dresser and Wig Maker ah Kinds or HAIR WORK MADE TO ORDER .w1,,s' "iV.1" culS ami Shampooing a specialty. AH work done in the moVt artis tic manner and In the latest style. li. DhI'ARK, Prep. rarkor House, Main St., Astoria, Or. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS; LAND anfl MARINE EN&INES BoilerWork, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a. specialty. Orall DeMcrlptiens made to Order at Nhert Notice. A. D. Wass, President. .1. G. Hustles, Secretary. I. W. Case. Treasurer. JOHX Fox,Superintendent. J. EL D. aKAY. Wholesale and retail dealer in. GROCERIES, FLOUR, AND FEED Hay, Oats, Straw, Wood, Etc. LIME, SAND AND CEMENT. Oencral Storage and Wharfage on reason- SSwh1 "f Beutoa stnet' A Vm. EDGAR, Dealer in Gigars, Tobacco and Cigarettes Meerschaum and Brier Pipes, GENUINE ENGLISH CUTLERY Revolvers and Cartridges. CORXKlt MAIN AND CHENAMUS STS. The Gem Saloon, The Popular Resort for Astorians. For the 8. ARNDT & FEKOflEN, ASTORIA. - OREGON. The Pioneer Machine Shop BLACKSMITH SHOP J Boiler Shop ''aSiSBBBS' All kinds of The estate of the late President Garrett, of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad is worth 835,000,000. All in the Line of Nature. There is nothing in the line of magic or mystery about that wonderful and popular medicine, Parker's Tonic. It is simply the best and most wientifir combination iiosible of the essential principles of those vegetable curatives which act powerfully and directly on ihc Muuiacn, uver, Kiuneys ana bloed: Hut there neither is, nor will be. anv successful imitation of it It is all the time curing those who had despaired of ever getting well. For yourself, vnur wife and children. CUHARD STEAMSHIP LINE. ITE DEG LEAVE TO Awmtvow great reduction In rates over the above wen known line, l'artles desiring to go to Europe, or wishing to send for friends in iui. viu UlUUUl Mill Iinil It in Ilinll- orlT r. HiS5 ti.ptur?ll?se W3 over thc Cunard part of Europe to Astoria. J ROZORTH&JOnNS. Agents. ENGINE, CANNEEY, AlfD STEAMBOAT . WORK Promptly attended to. A specialty made of repairing CANNERY DIES, FOOT OF LAFAYETTE STREET. According to the decision of a Onin cy debating Clnb there is more pleas ure in seeing a man thread a needle than n woman driving a nail. Mcetl's Emulsion of Xnre Cod Liver Oil, with Hj-pophosphlteri. Has all the virtues of those two most popular remedies. Made into a form that is very palatable and acceptable to the most sensitive stomach, and is with out doubt, unequalled, as a combined food and remedy for lung troubles, and wasting conditions. Englishmen are learning to like American beans, and there is an in creasing exportation to that conntrv. Sm i - b sj5jI- , nj P BvD ".2s;y--.B Ss k i SB i I Finest of Wines and Liquors Go to THE GEM SALOON. ALEX. CAMPBELL. - - PROPRIETOR ASTORIA LIQUOR STORE, auu. uAmELSON. - - Proprietor. Rebuilt and Ilefltted, Thron-hout. TJie Best of WINJ.XilUOI,AXD CIGAIW. Bor a Good Cigar, call for one of "Danielson's Best." Corner West 9th and WaterStreets, Astoria. n9-Cm Sol Mfl Jewelry, BRACELETS, Scarf Pins, Chains, latches, SILVERWARE, Of every description. The finest stock of Jewelry la Astoria. AH goods warrantedasrepresented GUSTAV HANSEN, JEWELER. Columbia Transportation Company. Magnus C. Crosby Dealer in SARDf ARE, IRON, STEEL, Iron Pipe and Fittings, . STOVES, TINWARE AND HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS LEAD SHEET LEAD STRIP SHEET IRON, PjLel akd Copper. It overcomes headaches and. tooth ache St Jacobs Oil, the Pain-Conqueror. FAST TIMEI E03R POHTLaNB THE POPULAR STEA3IER r-pn p"a IrWfSl Y A FAST TIMEI 0 0D Whlcli has been refltted for the comfort or passengers win leave Wilson & Fisher's Dock erery Monday, Wednesday and Friday at 6 A.M. arriving at Portland at 1 P.M. lleturiilng leaves Portland every Tuesday and Thursday at 6 A. M. arrivina at Astoria aiiPu fltw&sidd,,Uo2?1 tTlP w,u De ,nade on Sunday or Each Week leavlno-Pnrfin, & &SS,12Sl. Bnnday 3,ornlB- ftw& 13 thls.roteeCco,i"et ft SS2 For Sale. TheUeantifnl and Favorably Located BAY VIEW RESTAURANT Is for sale at a harRain, on account of the proprietor s desire to go east to jee her par ents Inquire at the restaurant or at this ofllce. "SECURE THE SHADOW" for Sound ports. U. B. SGOTT, President Ere the substance fade, and when you visit Portland, make it a part of j-our business to call on W. ii. towxk, at the San Fran cisco Gallery, S. W.'curner First and Morrison streets, and have vournhotoamnh 1 taken In the highest style of the air.