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Itc gaUg fjtorinn. ASTORIA, OKEGOX: Friday.. ...JULY 31. 1SS5 WHEAT CARRIAGE. The apprehension with which we view the anomalous nature o present wheat shipments from this river is mitigated by the fact that the Ore yonian has taken the matter up, though our confidence in the ingen uity of its exposition of the present situation is shaken by its evident in ability to fully discuss the matter and preserve the admirable consistency for which our contemporary is so justly admired. It argues from a Portland stand point and makes the best of a bad situation. It is to be regretted that our metropolitan contemporary can not or does not throw off the su perficial convolutions of "policy'' and come right out with the little central bulb of truth that Portland wants no ships to enter the Columbia that cannot go to Portland. This is what the Oriyoniaifs arguments amount to, stripped of verbiage. In yester day's issue it says, editerially: '"The Columbia can never become a ton nage market to which ships seeking engagements will come in large num bers, so long as owners are afraid to send ships here, and while port charg es are higher than they are else where." By what right does our "Willamette contemporary assume the authority of such a statement concerning ,:tho Columbia river?"' By what stretch of reason can it imply that because it costs ships exorbitant rates to go to Portland and load that therefore 'the Columbia river' is to be held re sponsible?" The admission that "port charges are higher hero than elsewhere' at Astoria for instance is a saving clause and one that cand or compelled. Tho discussion of a great question like this, in the editorial columns of a great journal like the Oregon tan, should be attended with a broadness of view, a wide scope of judgment, and a disposition to be impartial. The narrowing down of the issue to a specious plea in the nature of a retained attorney for the defendant, poorly meets the expectations of those who expected better things from the Oregon ian. It is, therefore, with a gratification afforded by con trast, that v.e find in some local dis cussion of the subject on the third page, the statement that "lighterage and river expenses" make up tho most of tho increased expense entail ed upon ships that enter the Colum bia river and go to Portland to load grain. This acknowledgment is a little less like the editorial attempt to discuss the play of " Hamlet," with "Hamlef unmentioned, for to try to talk about wheat shipments from the Columbia river withont mentioning Astoria, as the editor of the Ore gonian usually essays, is to the ordinary mind a difficult task. The "lighterage and river expenses" that the more untrammelled local editor talks of are just exactly what makes it so onerous on "the pro ducer" to have his wheat shipped foreign. Just so long as Portland, in an effort to reverse natural laws, keep3 control of Columbia wheat shipments, just so long will the present unsatisfactory condition of things obtain. No assumption of exclusive or su perior knowledge on the part of the Oregonian; no parrot echoes from renegade journalists in proximity to the Mecca of the "Willamette: no at tempt at evasion by those who are in terested in raising false issues can divert public attention from the true condition of affairs. It is alleged upon one occasion Patrick Henry stated that ho had but one lamp by which his feet were guided, and that was the lamp of ex perience. Considerable improvement has taken place in lamps since the renowned Virginian's day, but, as yet, no better lamp can be found in sentiment, business or the daily trans actions of life than "the lamp of ex, perience.' Experience has shown conclusively that the attempt to transport grain in the holds of sea going vessels from Portland through continuous river shallows is expen sive, tedious, dangerous and totally unsatisfactory. Experience has fur ther shown that even under the exist ing difficulties that beset our efforts, a deep sea going vessel can load wheat at Astoria at considerably less cost than she could at Portland. Here lies the true solution cf the problem that the Oregonian attempts to solve in a futile effort to ignore the chief factor in the solution of the problem, and until such time as that journal rises to a higher level of can did courage in the discussion of this and kindred subjects it must expect the contradiction of its statements by thosa who are more sorry than sur pris3d to sea its studied efforts to avoid the publication of the entire truth. From this coast, go this year to England 1,150,000 tons of wlieat; of this great quantity Oregon and "Wash ington will furnish 300,000 tons. Even under tho present disadvantage of existing conditions on tho bar, wo are within the bounds of facts capa ble of demonstration when we say that that wheat could be shipped from Astoria for $120,000 less than it would cost to ship it from Portland. That $120,000 represents what the producers lose, and what tho Portland shippers make by the system that the Orego n ian desires to perpetuate. TAXATION. To an age like the one in which we live, mostly practical, and tho con summation of commercial activity, the esthetic character of the Garden of Eden is not so attractive as the fact that it was improved real estate, wholly exempt from taxation. 'And among all earthly beatitudes lost by that fall of our common parents be cause of the eating of the forbidden fruit, the felicity of living utterly un taxed i3, by so utilitarian an era as this, estimated to be by far the most desirable part of tho lost birthright, and seemingly the most absolutely irrecoverable. So long as there was no sin in the world so long as the rights of the individual to life, liber ty and property were unmolested, there was no need of law, and there fore no need of taxes to maintain and enforce the law. Emerging from a state of barbar ism, our race realized and asserted that each of its members had been born with certain inherent rights the right to protect the person and its liberty, and its earnings and accu mulations. Each man for himself asserted such rights; and finally, by common consent, it was agreed that all should protect the rights of each and so law, civil and criminal, was born into human society. Thus the rights are the cause of the law, and the law a sequence of the rights. To preservo these rights is the function of all law, and the end of it; and the greatest vigilance of a people should be always intelligently alert to pre vent the laws being so formed and so executed as to abridgo or destroy the very rights out of which they were evolved, instead of acknowledg ing those right3 and conserving them. The formation of corporations called governments is solely to pro tect these inherent rights. For tho service which they render by con serving tho life, liberty and property of citizens they make a charge and the citizens pay it, and it is called taxation. The sovereign alone tho government alone has tho right to tax: and tho fathers of this govern ment, recognizing (as the supreme court of the United States has since declared) that the power to tax is the power to destroy, wero exceedingly guarded in conferring and in limiting that power. The annual meeting of the Panama Canal company was held in Paris last "Wednesday. M. De Lesseps pre sided. Delegates from the. Colom bian, French and Spanish govern ments were present, together with other distinguished persons. De Lesseps read the annual report, which was received with applause. The chairman thought the canal com pany had nothing to fear from the United States. He refuted certain assertions made recently regarding tho "Monroe doctrine, which he de clared was perfectly consistent with the company's enterprise. One of the bondholders present questioned the figures in the report, and demanded that a committee of inquiry be ap pointed. Charles De Lesseps op posed the motiou, and the report was unanimously adopted. The old board of directors was re-elected. The meeting unanimously authorized the board to persist in its application to the French government to permit a lottery loan of 00,000,000 francs. Cholera has crossed the Spanish border and is epidemic in France. NEW TO-DAY. Household Furniture! T "WILL SELL AT THE RESIDENCE ON A Benton street next to Frank L. Parker's store, Monday, Ausast 3, at is V 3I the ent rn Furniture if cottnpe. consisting of 3 Bed-room Suits complete. Spring and "Wool top Mattresses, Blankets, Feather Pillows, etc. Also, llu e- and Two- ply Carpets, Chairs, blockers. Sofa, Tables, Crockerv, Cook Stove and Kitchen Furniture. 15. C. JIULDK-V, Auctioneer. Notice. NEITHER THE UNDERSIGNED accnts nor Captain Jenns of the British bark Birmah from Honolulu will be respons Ibletor any debts contracted by the crew while at this port. MEYER, WILSON & C0 Astoria, July 2Rh, 1885. Sjecial ami Sale OF NEW TO-DAY. Will be Enforced. HATING BEEN REQUESTED UT A number of cannerymon to slate what stops would lie taken against persons con templating fishing after Ausust 1st. US), and in answer thereto. 1 will say that my in structions arc to enforce the law in regard to usiung aucr mac uay. ana an persons violat ing any of the provisions of. the general law relative to the protection of salmon, will be prosecuted, and the law strictly enforced. C. J. CURTIS, Den. Dist, Attorney Clatsop County. JUSTEEGEIEB IXXCIilOl'S Easy Lounging Chairs, For Sale Cheap at Auction Rooms. iOMETHlNC NEW! The Genuine Impoitcd Culiiibaclier Lager Beer. Never before in Astoria. Try it once :i.T THE "TELKPIIOSK": And you will drink no oilier. ADLEKS GREAT TO-NIGHT ! SEE SMALL BILLS. Private Boarding House. THE UNDERSIGNED RESPECTFULLY announce-? that she Is prepared to fur nish Indies or Gentlemen with Hoard only, or with Hoard and Furnished Rooms at vers reasonable rates. No extra chargo for use or Parlor or Bath room, and every effort will be made to make her guests feel com fortahle and at home. IHmicr Served from 5 to G;m P. 31. 31 IIS. E. C. IIOLIKX. SE Cor. Main and Jefferson streets. Abstracts of Title. milE UNDERSIGNED HAS COMPILED JL a set of Abstract Iloolcs from the records of Clatsop County and Is now prepared to furnbh complete and correct Abstracts of Title to any Heal Estate In the Connty, at reasonable rates. O. R..TH0MS0N, Attorney at Law. Astoria. Oregon. Omar., Room 5, over tity Book Store. Dissolution of Copartnership. TOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE L undersigned formerly partners doing business under the firm name of KTeason & Andcibon, have this day disolvcd partner ship by mutual consent, Martin Anderson retiring and Chns. Evenson continuing said business. Said Chris Evenson to pay all of the indebtedness of said firm and collect all accounts and moneys due or to become due it. MARTIN ANDERSON. CHRIS. EVENSON. Dated the 2nd day of Julv. 1SS3. M. R. KIPP, PLUMBER AND GAS FITTER. Water Pipes a Specialty. A Full Stock of Material on Hand. Personal attention given all orders, and satisfaction guaranteed. Terms Beuonnbie. Shop and office on Cass street, one door above Frank Fabre's Restaurant, Astoria, Oregon. FOR TILLAMOOK! Sh A. B. Field, Capt. Gabrlelson, Will leave Main street wharf everv Satur day ats a.m., until further notice, during August. September and October. Freight per u. ii.xr. uo. win connect at Astoria. Kale from Portland and Astoria to Hobson villcSGper ton. Passage from Astoria $5. Address KADULLbT & CO.. Astoria. MerfatsMep!fatS.S.Liie BETWEEN Portland and San Francisco. The A l Steel Steamer WILMINGTON Will leave San Franciyjo OX OK ABOUT AUGUST Srcl. (Exact sailing date given soon,) For particulars in regard to freight and passage inquire of Z. J. HATCH. Agent. Portland, or FRANK BARNARD & CO., San Francisco. Sheriff's Sale. STATE OF OREGON, COUNTY OF CLAT sop. ss. By virtue of the written request of Win. Wherry endorsed upon a certifled copy of a certain chattel mortgage dated Mav icth, 1885, and given by T. llelgesonto said Win. Wherry for the sura of $59 50 with interest thereon at the rate of ten per cent per an num, requesting me to foreclose said chattel mortgage, I did upon the 17th day of July, 1885, levy upon tho following described per sonal property, one fishing boat, particular ly described as follows, to-uit;ono fishing boat thirty feet long, eight feet and eight Inches beam, (inside measurement.) three feet deep and painted blun on tho out side, and shall proceed to sell the same at public auction, to the highest bidder for cash at the time of sale, at the foot of Cass street In Astoria, In said couuty and state, on Saturday, the first day of August. 18S5. at the hour of 10 :30 a. it. of said day to sat isfy said sum and interest together with the costs, expenses and accruing costs. W. Q.ROSS. Sheriff of Clatsop County. Astoria, July 2lst,18S5. Auction Sale! mpire Store Wo-beg to direct special attention to our LATEST IM PORTATIONS of NOVELTIES Fine Dress Goods, Parasols, Hoopskirts, Etc, Etc. Which we are selling' according to our motte: The Best Goods at the Lowest Possible Prices. PRxLfSI Dealer at Wholesale ami Retail in Furniture, Bedding, Carpets, batting, Oil Cloth., Wall Paper, Window Shades, Mouldings, Etc. Astoria Furniture Co., Dealers Furniture, Bedding, Wail Paper, Mirrors, PICTURES, Monli, Carpets, Mattii, Picture Frames, fiioi Mm, etc. Cor. Chenamus and Hamilton Sts. WILLAMETTE UNIVERSITY, Thirty Professors and Instructors. 336 Students! Departments of Literature. Lair. SIcdirlnr, Single nud.lrt. Elocution a specialty. Board and home for ladles in the Woman's College, $3.50 per week. Mrs. V. S. Harring ton, Dean. Gentlemen board in clubs for $20 to $3.00 per week. Many board themselves for $1.00 to S1.M per week. The best moral gOYerninetit is maintained. Tuition half price to children of ministers and those preparing for the ministry. First term begins September 7 th. Law Department opens Sept. 15th. Medical Department opens in Portland December 2nd. 1SS5, Dr. K. P. Frascr, Dean. Seud for catalogue and Information to THOS. VAN SCOT, President, Salem, Or J. P. AUSTIN, Seaside - Oregon DEALER IX Groceries, Wines, Liquors, TOBACCO AND CIGARS. S"A FINE BILLIARD TABLE. J. A. WILSON. (Late of San Francisco.) PAINTER, PAPER HANGER -AND- X EOORA TOU. Has located iu Astoria and solicits a share efthe patronage. All work strictly tlrst class. Terms moderate. Order box at Van Dusen's. NOTICE. mixib: depot, FRESH FRUITS, Candy and Notions, Good Cigars and Tobacco, at C. P. WIISOS'S Ecr-COME AND SEE ME. Tkkasuiw Dkparthknt I Washington. D. C. July c, iSSs. J SEALED PROPOSALS WILL BE ItE ceived at this ofllcc untiI2 o'clock p. si. of Thursday, tho 13lh day or August, 18S5. for the construction of a frame cottage at the Shoalwater Bay LIfc-Saving Station, near the light-house. Each bid must be ac companied by a certified check for one hun dred dollars ($100) drawn to the order of the Secretary of theTreasury.as security thatthe bidder will enter into contract without de lay, and give such bonds for the faithful per formance thereof as may bo required if his bid be accepted. Specifications and plans, forms of proposals and full Information can uc outainca oi tne collector oi uustoms, As toria. Oregon ; the Keeper of the Shoalwater Bay Life-Saving Station. North Cove, Pacific county, Washington territory ; and the Su perintendent of the 12th Life-Saving Dist rict, room SI, Appraiser's building, San Francisco, California. All proposals must bo endorsed, "Proposals for constructing a cot tage at Shoalwater Bay Life-Saving Sta tion," and addressed U. S. Life-Saving Ser vice, Washington, D. C. The right to reject any or all bids, or to waive defects. Is re served. S. J. KIMBALL. G cneral Superintendent. Executrix7 Notice. HAVING REEN APPOINTED EXECU triv of the last will and testament of M. JL Gllman, deceased, all persons having claims against said estate are herehy re quired to present the same properly verified to me at my residence In Astoria, Clatsop county, Oregon. FLORAJ.GILJrA.V. Executrix. Astoria, April 2nd, 18S5. ll-3t Executrix7 Notice. TJOTICE IS IIEREBY GIVEN THAT JL! having been appointed executrix of tho last will aud testament of Conrad Boclling. deceased, all persons having claims against the estate or deceased should present the same properlv verified to me at my resi dence In Asto'rla, Oregon, within six months from this date. PIULIPPENA BOELLING. Executrix. Astoria, Clatsop Countv, Oregon, JLnrch 23, 1835. Lawns, Corsets, B, in 11. DuBUJSb'OX, Manager. WILL Cut Faster AND EASIER ! Than any o'h- I prnri mnilt Hundreds of woodmen tes- tlftrtn Ifccmm- riority. It goes Deep and Xerer Sticks. CARNAHAN & CO., Agents Astoria. Price, Sl.50. ASTORIA IRON WORKS. Benton Stiieet, Neau Pakkek House, ASTOKIA, - OREGON. GENERAL MACHINISTS AND BOILER MAKERS. LAMMA&EMES BoilerWork, Steamboat Work and Cannery Work a spe cialty. Of all Descriptions made to Order at Short Xotlcc. A. D. AVass, President. J. (J. II usTLEit, Secretary, I. V. Cask, Treasurer. JonN Fox.Supcrlntendent. Notice. TE IT KNOWN THAT I. GEO. W. TAIt JL dee, of Astoria. Oregon, have this dav pnrcased of M. C. Ilutcbings the right of the said M. C. Ilutchinzs patent process for test ing seaiou cans in tne siaic oi urcgon ami territory of Washington, for the term of 17 years from the Kth day of Jlarcli, 1885. ex cept one right sold to M. J. Kinney and one right sold to the Aberdeen racking Co., at Ihvaco. W. T. GEO.W.PAKDEE. County Treasurer's Notice. THERE IS JIONEY IN TIIE COUNTY Treasury to pay all county orders pre sented orlor to January 1st. 18SI. All such orders will cease to draw Interest after this date. ISAAC BERGMAN. Treasurer Clatsop County Astoria, Or, July 2tth, 1835. G. A. STINSON & CO.. BLACKSftiiTHiNG, At Capt. Rogers old stand, comer of Cay and Court Streets. Slilp and Cannery work. Horseshoeing. Wagons made and repaired. Good work guaranteed. JLXE. I PATOTTCD AU3J3 0 .DSL J.C.TruIlmger From and After gg!i GOODS WILL BE SOLI) FOR A: FRANK L, DBA I isU MSa JbJJufLJ jlLa Hay, Oats, anfl Straw, Line, BrM, Cement, Sana anil Plaster Wood Dcllrercd to Order. Drajlng. Teaming anil Express Business. rEt: .:pply totlu'C.iptaln. orto THE NEW MODEL rZGimi?riix3m--k-?zz!' A FTJil. STOCK tFo&ia A. Tin, Sheet Iron and Copper Wsrt. A General Assortment of HOUSEHOLD GOCD3. Agents for Magec Stoves and Ranges The Best In the market. Piumblng goods of all kinds oa hand. Job work done In a workmanlike manufci DEALElt I PLUMBING, GAS FITTING, AND CANNERY WORK Attended to Promptly on Reasonable Terms. CliennniuH Street. Xext to C Ti. Parker's Store. ikSTORm, - OREGON. Oarnahan & Co. SUCCESSORS TO I. "W. CASE, IMPORTERS AND WHOLESALE AND RbTAIL DEALERS IN GENERAL IERCM1MSE "orner Chenamus and Cass streets. ASTORIA -.- - OREGON INTERNATIONAL HOTEL, Corner Thlnl and II Streets, PORTLAND, - - - OREGON. Our facilities are such that we defy competition. This Is the largest and most respectably kept Hotel In the Northwest. Board and Lodging $ 1 .00 per day MEALS.U cent3. LODGING. 23 and COccn-a Free Buss to and from the House. j-Xo Chinese Employcd.-sxi E. I.cnlston, (Late of Minnesota HouseProp O. CLARK. AGENT. Stockholders Meeting. NOTICE 13 IIEREBY GIVEN THAT there will be a mcctinp of the stock holders of the Odd Fellows Land and Build ing association in the lodgo room of Beaver Lodse No, :. I. O. O. F., bn Monday. August 24th, 1SS3. at two r. sr. A full attendance ii requested. A.J.MEGLER, Secretary. Astoria, Oregon, July 22, lSi. FOR NEW YORK, DIRECT, TH E FINE Al BARK W. II. BESSE, Tills well known and fayorite Clipper will go on berth in July at Portland and Astoria. The attention of SALMON ana WOOIi SHIPPERS Is especially called to tills opportunity of shipping to New York at low rates of f relsht. For particulars apply to TAYLOR, YOl'NG & CO. Ship Brokers, St Front St., Portland, or to A. W. BERRY, Astoria. LIYERPQOL TO PORTLAND! BRITISH BARK . u irtii oi riornocii. U'fl Q?ml1 rtlfn 41iit ftnn lwn dg bark on the berth at Liverpool for August loading. Portland or Astoria shippers can obtain full particulars as to freight and insurance rates by applying to MEYER, WILSON & CO., Portland, or to WILSON, SLEYER &.QO.. 15 Brunswick St., Liverpool. St PABKER. Eli IN NTK.WIF.R CMRJ PMB Ebon P. Par her. Master. For TOWING, FREIGHT nrCHAK- is. h. iwuur.ii. RANGE CAN BE HAD IN A TORIA ONLY OF paw a a. BAWBB. CALL AND EXAMINE IT, V i WILL BE PLEASED. K. U. IIAWES Is also agent I.r t-f M latent Cooliiff Siovr And other first-class Stares. Furnnco Work. Steam Fit tings, etc., a specialty- ALWAYS ON HAND. tgcmey. Hardware and Ship Clanftlerj VAH DUSEN & GO.. DEALERS IX Hardware and Ship Chandlery Pure Oil, Bright Varnish, Binacle Oil, Cotton Canvas, Hemp Sail Twine, Cotton Sail Twine, Lard Oil, Wrought Iron Spikes, Galvanized Cut Nails, Agricultural Implements Sciring IVIuchiucs, Y'nini.s and Oils. Groceries, etc. SoM Hi Jewelry, Scarf Fins, Chains, f atones, Pianos and Orfransof ihe Best malic at the J-owest Prices. The finest stock of Jewelry In Astoria. t5T"All goods warranted as represented. 6USTAV HANSEN, JEWELER. ' T. G. RAWLINGS, Wholesale and Retail Dealer In Tropical, Domestic, Green and Dried Jb'Jbt.TTITS- MJTS. CANDIES, DRIED MEATS, ETC. Fine Cigars and Tobacco. Main street, below Chenamus. FOR RENT. Four Rooms, Centrally Located AND SUITABLE FOR HOUSEKEEPING. APPLY AT ASTORIAN OFFICE. City Taxes. "&TOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE m Tar list of the city of Astoria. Clatsop, connty. Oregon, Is now in ray hands for the collection of said taxes, and will reniatn wilh me for thirty days. J. G. HUSTLER. City Treasurerand Tax Collector. Astoria, July 1st, 1885.