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EXCLUSIVE TBLKGKAPHIC PRESS REPORT.
VOL. XLV. ASTORIA, OREGON, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 13, WM. NO. 205 ...JUST ARRIVED... Johnston & Murphy Hen's Fine Shoes COLUMBIA Successors to COPELAND & THORSEN These are the Days We Celebrate We have prepared for the Im provement in trade. Our ntock 1b Complete. Books, Stationery, Newspapers, Periodicals Notions, Novelties GRIFFIN & REED CITY BOOK STORE Did You Ever SEE OUi) NEW H EATING gTOVES? Built on Entirely New Principals. oi AIR-TIGHT HEATERS A SUCCESS You Are Invited FOARD & STOKES COMPANY. HARDWARE, S5K PI IIMRINfi TIN WORK EE" L000ER5' JOB WORK AT PRICES THAT DEFY COMPETITION Call and Be Convinced Clarkson & Vclrvin LONG FIR PILING Promptly Furnished Astoria Asphalt and Roofing Co. ? All Work Roof fulntlnu and H.p.Mng U.ky Koof. J. A FAST ABEND, GENERAL CONTRACTOR, HOUSE, BRIDGE AND BHARF BUILDER HOUWt MOVER. Houm Moving Tool lor Rant. ASTORIA OEKOON Emil Schacht ARGjJITEGT GEO. NIC0LL, Assistant. OFFICE): Kopp's f4ew Brewerg ASTORIA IRON WORKS Coarorab St, foot of Jackaoa. Aatorla. General Machinists and Boiler Makesr Land ana Marin Engines, Bollar work, Steaa boat and Canmry Work a Spaclilty. Cuttaca of All Dacrlptlrn Mad to Ord.r oa Sborl Nolle. John Foz....Prldantnd Buptrlntondant A- L. Fox..; Vice President O. B. Prl Secretary Flrt National Bank, Trenaurec SHOE CO. 523 Commercial Street to Inspect Them (1KANITE WAKE. ROPE. , IKON PIPE, TEK- KA COTTA PIPES, BAR IKON, STEEL, CANNERY SOL OPPENHEIMER Trustee for the late M. C. CROSBY Boom Company 216 and 217 Chamber of Commerce Portland. Oregon I.EAVK OHIKKH AT (IS OMMKH- IAL HTKKKT Guaranteed N. JEN5EN and R. 0. HANSEN J. B. WYATT, Phont No. OS Aatorla, Onfon Hardware, Ship Chandlery, Groceries, Provisions, PAINTS and OILS. Special Attention Paid to Supplying Ship. SEASIDE SAWMILL. A complete atock of lumbar on hand In th rough or drained. Flooring, rua- tlu, celling, and all klnda of finish mouldlnga and (hlnglea; alao brack! work don to order. Term raaaonablc and price at bedrock. All order promptly attended to. Office and yard at mill. H. F. I LOGAN, Prop'r. Beaalde, Oregon. ROSS HIGGINb & CO Qrocers, : and : Butchers Aatorla and Upper Aatorla Flee TM and Coffrta, Table Dalfcadaa, Doatetlk an i roptcai i-nirta, vttMi, but ar Cured Hae, Bacon, Etc. Choke Fresh and Salt Meats. PRACTICAL SIDE OF FLAX CROWING Interesting Fact for the runners ami Merchant of Clatsop. will c.kow in i;vi:ry soil Oreajwn Ortalnly Meet All Require ment, but Ureal Care Necse sary for Success. The oldest of all book-the Bible refer In numruua Instance to flax cultivation and to the spinning and weaving of linen; and other ancient writing, and the vat 111 more remote testimony of ancient Egypt. In the monument and tomb how, nut only the drgre of perfection the cultivation of the fibre had attained, but the aklll with which It waa worked up In the manufacture of flne linen fur the cloth ing of prleata and king. Hut. to con fine the aubjret to what Immediately relate to the present time, further ref erence to ancient history muat be omit ted. The propoaltlon to establish In thla county the growing and aplnnlng of flax ha led to aome Inveatlgallun upon the aubject. the reault of which can not fall to be of Internet to every farmer and bualneaa man In the community. The great Htewart factorle of Llahurn, Ireland, have aent aome flax aeed to Meaara. Foard A Stoke, of thla city, for the purjx'ae of having It planted In thla and other countlra In Oregon, with a view to aacertalng whether Oregon ran grow flax. Should the experiment prove aueceaaful, Mr. Porter, the man ager of the Hlewarl' Inatltutlnn, write that they will put a branch establish ment In Astoria. The following moat Intereatlng facta have been reprinted from the Irish Trxtile Journal: SUITABILITY OF BOIL. There l probably no plant which grow Hint thrive ao well under ao many varying condition and In ao many countries a tl.ix. The temperate zone la best suited to Ita growth a a Mire, producer, but It may be almoin regarded Indlglnous from the equator to the (3rd degree of latitude In the northern hemlaphere. Speaking geiiernlly. Mux will grow In n greet variety of soil, but If the most itultnble la pointed out and a wont of warning given as to what nhould be avoided, and the grower realises that the general principle, "the better the Innd the better the crop," I apecl&lly applicable here. It w ill be a suttlclently broad guide to anyone of average In telligence. Loamy oll, If deep and dry, la im'Ht excellent, and heavy land, when properly prepared, will give rich crops f flax; but a stiff clay subsoil Is un suitable and peaty, or sandy soil, with a poor bottom, will produce a very poor yield. Knots go deep down Into the ground, and aubsolllng and draining must also be attended to, on both are essential to a good result. Water rest ing either on the ground or under It, particularly If stagnant. Is fatal to a good crop- An old writer on the sub ject aaya: "Wet, spewey lands, or hot, scorching ground, will never yield a good crop of flux; but loamy or clayey ground the latter needing more prep aration will yield u suitable one." ROTATION. Flux growing cannot be taken up at random. It required careful fore thought, though not greuier. perhaps, than should be bestowed upon the se lection of ground fur any particular crop, ajul flux la In this respect almost a accommodating as any other crop. It will succeed so many dllTerent kinds: According to the best authorities, It will follow potatoes, wheat, oats, rap", car rots and rye. In one Instance abroad, It is noted as being put In lifter tur nips (In very strong soil) which as a general rule, Is very objectionable in this country, the most favorable posi tions being after potatoes, wheat or oats. But the practical farmer looks beyond one or two years' crops, and has other to think of as well ns flux, and systematic attempts are made to util ize all the plant-sustaining constituent of the soil by putting In such crops In succession a will consume, the one af ter the other, all the different plant food elements contined In the earth; In other words, what one plant leaves In the soil this year Is taken up by a plant of a different order next year, and the application of this principle In connec tion with the skilful manuring, plays a very Important part In Judicious farm ing. We have not extended the rotutlon In vestigation to show how soon flax could be repeated In the same ground, and the Intervening years most profit ably occupied. We have simply exhib ited a few of tho crops which generally precede flax. Seven to ten years Is the shortest time thut should elapse be tween two crops of flax In the same field; and a safo rule Is, the longer the Interval, the better the chance for the second crop. PREPARATION OF SOIL. The preparation of tho soil must be very carefully attended to, and the greatest troublo taken In this respect will be amply 'repaid. Weed allowed to grow up with the fla.- greatly Inter fere with the subsequent handling and scutching', and lower It value so that the duty of having tho ground very clean, and free from weed must lie kept In view from tint beginning, a well a at every tag of the prepara tion. After potat'xei or wheat, one plowing on light or medium land will be eulllcli.nl, and tht I recommended to be deferred till early spring; but In heavy soil two plowing are necessary one, pretty deep, In the autumn, and the other well, before Sowing time come around, but not o deep. Three plowing are seldom reaorted to, though on stiff, heavy soil they may be rnjulred; but, as reinarked before, no expense should be n-d to secure the best reault. Harrowing will be very essential, but Independent of that, be fore sowing time It will be beneficial to have all the weed removed (which can be done by chlldron or adulta where necessary) end the al left perfectly clean. After the last harrowing rolling precede the sowing: but there 1 some difference of opinion a to whether It la better to depoell tho seed un a rolled surface or have It gently broken up to re-Hve the wed. We are Inclined to think that the rolled surface is the best and for this reason that there I less chance of seed getting burled or cov ered to a depth which might prevent vegetation: Much good seed of all klnda Is often lost In this way, to the detriment of flax growing and the dis credit of the seedsman or vender, w hen the blame Justly lies at the door of mis management. Itoth aystema have doubtless succeeded, or they would not be recommended, and we would be slow to condemn either. lcmoor, writing on this point, says: "In agriculture, a much ir not more than In any other In dustry It I necessary to use a wise caution, and we ought also to break away from the dominion of prejudice or Ida." SEED, A great deal has been written about electing eed. We would say, select your seedsman, for It I an open secret that In this a?" ot many commercial shams, an old or Inferior article can lie made to look almost equal to new. Heed buying must be. to a great extent a matter of good faith, and the channel through which seed Is procured. Is of the chief Importance. With very little Ingenuity Indeed, a very suierior finish can be put upon the worthless article. and In addition to this really excellent , seed ns regards geminating quality, may have tx-en saved from a very i rthless stix k. Everything considered It is advisable to pay the utmost atten- I tlon to the quarter from which the j seed reaches the hand of the sower. Less reliance thun form illy is placed on the nominal title of the various kinds as describing the country from which they are derived. The rule waa Hutch seed for heavy or heavy In clined soils, and Riga for light or me dium. Hut for various reasons this rule Is less adhered to than formerly, and It Is to be feared that some of the practices abroad as well as at home, render It practically Inoperative. Riga seed one year In Holland is perhaps the most desirable strain for Irish soil; but It Is asserted that a large portion of the seed is "run out" In Holland. Russian Is frequently passed through Hollund without ever touching the soil or seeing the light In that country, be yond Ix-lng changed from one covering to another. In this way the name Is made of little value unless the seed can be traced to a worthy source. Sound Kngllsh seisl has produced good crops. Too often the failure of a crop arises from the poor seed which has been bought on the penny wise and pound foolish policy; huckstering for n low priced article and taking chance of the result Is courting failure. If the farr iner' would aim at obtaining the best results, he must find the best article In the market and be willing to pay the price It commnuds. CLATSOP COUNTY'S WEALTH. Roll showing Taxable Property Com piled by Clerk Dunbar. County Clerk Dunbar has completed the work of copying' the assessment roll of lSlifi. A copy bus been furnished Sheriff Hare and another has been for warded to the seci-etory of state, for the use of the state hoard of equalisa tion at Its meeting in January- The dllllcult work of compiling this roll has been carefully done and reflects great credit upon Mr. Dunbar and his effi cient assistants, Messrs. Wherlty ahd Smith. The taxable property In this county In 1895 was I-4,230.1SW. w hile this year it is but J4.006.3S9, a decrease of $2SB,77. The summary Is as follows: Acres til lable land, 7(174, r,6.ir3; acres non-tilla-blo land, 303.475, $957,426; Improvements on deeded lands, $1:19,311: town and city lots, S1.S11.775; Improvements on town and city lots, $498,640; Imporvements on lands not deeded or patented, $3",370; railroad bed, telegraph, telephone and electric lines, $45,340: merchandise and Implements, $337,491; money, $51,292; notes and accounts, $1,040; shares of stock, $53,000; household furniture, etc., $90,118; horses and mules, 674, $10,295; cattle, 3170, $28,285; sheep and goats, 509, $512; swine. 609, $982; gross value of all property, $4,116,930; exemptions. $110,531; total taxable property as equalized by county board, $4,006,399; number of polls, 774. Meany Is the leading tailor, and pays the highest cash price for fur skins. COMPLEXION OF NEXTCOXCRESS Republicans Elected a ISiy Majority in the Kecent Election. M'KINLEV IS CONGRATULATED Ex-Governor Campbell, of Ohio, Wishes the Victor Well-Cabinet Talk I Mere Conjecture. Canton, Ohio, November 12. Among the thousand of message received by Major Mi Klnley the most lmp. it'1-t among today's was one from Hon. J. W. Habeock. chairman of the national con gressional committee, Washington, say ing: "I hve tb c )iigri.lonal campaign wound up; the bill is all paid, and a Utile balance Is left In tho hanN of the treasurer. We nave elected 101 sound Money Republicans, two sound money Democrata, Hi Democrats and Populists and six free allver Hepubli- can. with three district In Jo-.ibt, one from Wyoming and two from South Dakota." Hon. Jamea F. Campbell, ex-Democratic governor of Ohii, whom Majcr McKlnley defeated In Ukl. said: "Inasmuch as Chairman Jones g'.vei It up. I presume a Democrat may now present hi most cordial congratula tions without fear of party discipline. Both Mrs. Campbell and mys.-lf Ji.in our many personal friends in winning you a happy sojourn In the White, House and long life and prosperity thereafter." STILL VISITING McKIXLEY. Canton, November IS. M.tjor Mc Klnley had hundreds of eaii'ers today. The town waa crowded with neople. The postponement of the run to Cleveland until next week will not al low Major McKlnley to be at the ban quet tendered Chairman Hanna on Monday. Numerous report which hae In en sent out from Canton about ap pointments to cabinet positions and secretaryships are said to be entirely conjectural. It Is not believed a sin gle decisive step has been taken on any Important matter of that' nature. THE WHEAT MARKETS. Price Falls at the Opening, but Jumps at the Close. Chicago, November 12. Wheat open ed with much stronger prices than H was exhibiting at the close of the mar ket yesterday and for more than an hour It kept edging upward. The bet ter tone with which the market opened was In part because of the first Liver pool quotations showing no change In the face of the 1T4 decline which took place here yesterday. It was likewise due In part to small receipts of wheat here. The start for December was rather Ir regular at from 7ST to 79'i, but princi pally at 79. yesterday's closing prices. It gradually worked up to 79'S. and then got scared. Cablegrams from the Liver pool Corn Trade News estimated the itusslun wheat crop at only 12.000,000 less than last year. This was 50.000.0'N) bushels more than the previous esti mates, and had a decided effect, De cember sliding down to 7Sli in short order. Subsequently, however, the lieerbohm estimate of the shortage of wheat In Kussia. which differed ma terially from that of the Liverpool Corn Trade News, sent the price upward again, and once more it went to 79'i. In the afternoon the bull feeling was com pletely re-established. Liverpool clos ed i higher. New York reported three cargoes of wheat sold for export and San Francisco reported that the Aus tralian demand was more urgent than ever. The enect was soon seen in me rush of buyers Into the pit and the an imated competition for offerings which took December to SXQ S0Tj, the closing price being 80 hid. THE MARKETS. Liverpool, November 12. Wheat- spot, steady; demand, poor; No. 2 red spring 7s IMsd; No. 1 California, 7s 6V:d. Futures opened steady, 7s VA. London, November 12. Hops, Pacific coast, 3 5s. Portland, November 12. Wheat Wal la Walla. 78(079; Valley, 81S82. HORSELESS WAGONS. Will Be Used In New York In the Post- office Department. New York, November 12. It was an nounced today at the postofflce that In a week or two the first horseless mall wagons ever used In the United States will be put upon the streets of this city. They will be employed In the collection of mall from letter boxes about the city and the letters thus collected are to be sorted, stamped and sent to their proper railway station without going to the general or any branch postofflce. KILLED BY FALLING TIMBERS. Storm Does Much Damage In the South ern Portion of Oregon. Eugene, Or., November 12. The stage driver from Lower Sluslsw who arriv ed last night reports that a heavy storm was raging along the coast when he left, doing considerable damage to property. The wind and rain storm Saturday night wa the moat severe storm known for year and water wa Jrlven Into the bay, flooding the ad jacent low land. At the mouth of In dian Creek Wm. Abbott, hi wife and two children and hi brother, with five children, took refuge In a vacant cabin for the night. At 4 o'clock Sunday morning the cabin collapsed, burying the entire party under the debris. Sev eral timbers fell upon Mrs. Abbott, fracturing her skull, and she died al most Instantly. The other of the fam ily were more or less Injured. AMERICAN APPLES IN GERMANY. First Shipment to Hamburg Brings an Extraordinarily High Price. Boston. November 12. A private ca blegram received In this city from Hamburg states that the first ship ment of apple received there from Boston had Just been disposed of and netted from $2.50 to $2.40 per barrel, ac cording to quality. These are consid ered remarkably high prices, especially aa there has been a determined effort in ome quarters of Germany to keep out the American product by circulat ing absurd stories about the apples confining the germs of disease. JAPAN'S BOOM. Plain Truths About Asiatic Labor In the Island Kingdom. Hon. John Barrett. United States minister to Slam, gives aome plain truths about Asiatic labor In Japan In the North American Review. "There la a boom In Japan," he writes "a boom In floating and establishing num berless varieties of manufacturing planta from Nagasaki to Hakodate. This may lead to overproduction and financial disaster. Let us hope not, for the proud little kingdom deserves a better fate. But some of Japan's ablest business men acknowledge the boom and fear the consequences. Coming right after the war with China, It bears some resemblance to the remarkable American Industrial development fol lowing the civil war. - "The ate arid effort to make large profits have resulted oftentimes In pro ducing a poor quality of goods and the consequent loss of markets. The Japanese manufacturers, as a whole, have not yet learned to maintain a permanent high standard. It Is claimed that they do not plan for the future. They think too much of the present This is used as an argument against their competitive ability and may prove valid if a change is not accomplished, but it would seem that time would remedy the defect 'The Japanese and Chinese home de mand Is today different from that of America and Europe, and it may be some time before Japan and China can provide goods, especially for the for eign market, which can compete with the home supply of those foreign coun tries. The visitor to Yokohama Is con tinually reminded, moreover, that he should buy his clothing there, especially shirts, because prices are apparently so much less than in San Francisco or New York. If the enterprising trav eler will go to half the trouble In Amer ica to read the advertisements in local papers he will find that he can obtain shirts of equal quality at the same or a less price. Perhaps a man can pur chase a dress suit in Yokohama for $30, gold, but he will get a $20 fit, and the first evening he wears It at the club or theatre or at home will also be the lost one. Nor can a Japanese tailor make an American laboring man's suit for $10, gold, that con equal in wear what can be purchased for that sum in a hundred Chicago clothing stores. If large wholesale clothing manufac turing plants are established In pluce of the present small back rooms. It is possible that cheap clothing may be extensively exported." DOG SAVES A FIREMAN. Times-Herald. Captain Heany, of Engine Company No. 75, of the West Pullman, has a dog he prizes as he does his life. Its name is Fanny and it saved Its master's dwelling place from being destroyed by Are last Saturday night. During the absence of Captain and Mrs.Heany a kerosene lamp left burning on the table exploded and a rug near by Its was Ignited. When Captain and Mrs. Heanp returned home they found the house tilled with smoke, and the partly burned rug had been torn Into shreds by the dog. The dog's mouth was badly burned, and Captain Heanp does not doubt that the animal fought the blaze and extinguished It. Fanny Is bred from a famous Are dog, reared and trained by Captain McCormlck of En gine Company No. 2. The flagpole on the Odd Fellows' block was blown down by the wind last night. Highest of all in Leavening Power. Latest U. S. Gov't Report. f 1 - ABSOLUTELY PURE HOW THE NEWS WAS SUPPRESSED Silly Ctarges Against the Associated Press Successfully Refuted. THANKS FROM BOTH PARTIES Major McKlnley and Mr. Bryan Grate ful for the Excellent News Servii Rendered the ePople. New York, November 12. The general manager of the Associated Press has received the fbllowing- letters: 'Canton. Ohio. My Dear 81r: It gives me pleasure to acknowledge (and I sin cerely thank you for) the enterprise) displayed by your great association In reporting and transmitting so fully tho newa from Canton during the campaign Just closed. I desire to thank you es pecially for the falthgul and efficient service of Mr. Geo. B. Freas, whom yost detailed to take charge of this arduous and exacting work. Yours very truly. "WILLIAM McKINLEY, To Mr. Melville E. Stone, general manager of the Associated Press, New York." Lincoln, Neb. Melville E. Stone, General Vanaffer of the Associated Press. Chicago My Dear Sir: Now that the campaign is over, I dealre to thank you for the fairnes and thor oughnesa with which you have reporte my ipeechea and also to express my appreciation of the correspondents w horn you have detailed to travel with our party. Yours truly. "WILLIAM J. BRYAN." DISPLEASED WITH GIBBONS. The Cardinal Said to Have Incurred the Displeasure of the Pope. New York, November 13. According to a private dispatch Cardinal Gibbons, as well as Archbishop Ireland, has In curred the displeasure of Rome. The cardinal has always shown himself a staunch friend of Archbishop Ireland and is known to sympathize warmly with the views of the St Pr.ul prelate. For this reason it is alleged he has he come persona non grata at the Vatican. How the cardinal will be disciplined is not definitely known, although It Is believed that being cardinal, he will not be removed from bis See. This much, however, U certain, that it has been decided to impose upon the car dinal a coadjutor decidedly of tke con servative school. In this connection the names of the rector of the New York cathedral and the well known professor of the Catholic University at Washington are mentioned. ARTFULLY BUNCOED, Fakir Brings a Large Portion of Texas to Washington State. Seattle, Wn., November 12. What looks like the greatest land swindle ever perpetrated In Washington came to light today. Fifteen men, five of them with their families, have come to Seattle from Bremond. Texas, to take up homesteads which Mr. Makowski, manager of the so-called "Washington Farming Land Company," said await ed them here. These people have found that the land company Is a fake, and that Makowski has vanished. He se sured $600 from this party and their friends, yet expecting to come to live on their homestead "reserved" for them. The families now here sold all their possessions in Texas to get money to pay their expenses in reaching Seat tle, about $1,000 being paid out In rail road fares. Four of them started back for Texas tonight and another lot will leave tomorrow. CHINESE RAILROADS. Forty Million Taels Will Be Expended In the Construction. Peking, November 12. The Tsung-Li-Yamen has received a secret edict ap pointing Sheng Taotal director-general of railways and granting him permis sion to construct the Hankow-Canton-Fouchow Jines. It also authorizes him to borrow 20,000.000 taels. Altogether 40.000,000 taels ($28,720,000) will be re quired for the construction of the lines. Native material must be employed as far as possible on the Hankow line, but foreign engineers may be engaged. It Is rumored that the American syndi cate tenders for this work have not been accepted. Among the damage done by the wind last night was the blowing down of the railing and bill board just east of En gine House No. 2. The doors of the Estes-Coun Bond street drugstore and the Star saloon were blown open, and numerous signboards were demolished. it