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HARMON OF OilO COLD MB US. O.-Special. -When the bribery charges agnlust members of the Ohio geuentl assembly exploded with the suddenness and force of a bomb and sent scores on a hunt for lawyers Governor Judson Uarmon took the same view of the personality of guilt that he did wheu he reported to Pres ident Koosevelt that Paul Morton, a member of his cabinet, bad been guilty of granting rebates while an officer of the Santa Fe railroad. "Guilt 1 always personal," said Uarmon to Roosevelt, and he resigned hia com mission to Investigate rebating be cause Teddy was Inclined to shield Morton. A few hours after the bribery charges were filed the Ohio executlvrfent out an order that no mau should be spared In the legislative boodllng Investiga tion. Tarty and even personal friend ships must be set aside, the governor aid. and the entire situation cleaned up. Throughout nineteen years of con tinuous control Republican state ad ministrations, when charges of irreg ularities were made involving members of their party, assumed the attitude, "They are our thieves, and we must defend them." There Is an Ohio stat ute which grant immunity to every HON. JUDSON HARMON, one who testifies before a legislative committee, and this law. together with a whitewash brush, had prevented any Republican law violator from being haled before a court of Justice. Naturally there was a great rush by distraught members for legislative immunity. But Governor Harmon promptly pulled the plug of the im munity bathtub and prevented any one bathing in its soothing waters by insisting that no legislative investigat ing committee be appointed and that the inquest of the grand Jury be the only probe. Indictments were returned against even members of the general assem bly and the sergeant at-arms of the senate, and thee cases will take the ame course as that of the most hum ble citizen who becomes Involved in criminal charges. A coterie of Demo crat who had been fighting the gov ernor's bills were among the members Indicted. in less than three years of his ad ministration Governor Harmon has mde a record of accomplishment un paralleled in the history of Ohio poli tics. He has wrought more progress fot the people than was accomplished in the forty years that preceded him. There has been written into the stat utes legislation . that the enlightened SOME HARMON f' ... In - M Quilt Is always personal. I wtutd vota for a Republican for Unitad 8tataa aanator if the poepU' by thair votaa daclarad for a Republican, and I would ba proud to do M, for I would aimply ba doing the will of the people. The party emblem In municipal clectiona it an aid to the ignorant and thoee who corrupt voters and no help to upright and intelligent eleo tora. Both parties would be better off if they were kept out of purely municipal elections. The people who support the government have to economise. Why ohould their public servants not do the same? It ia not the existence or discovery of wrongdoing that brings eh a me to a state, but failure to put a stop to it. We must make the atate government more broadly useful, for Ha powers are ample to grapple with many things whith have been devel oped by new conditions. There can be no relief ao long as the interests which profit through tariff lawa are allowed to frame them. A tawyer'a honor is his crown, ana crown him. citizens bad been demanding and plead ing for in vain for decades. The supremely imiortant achieve ments of the Ohio Democracy under the leadership of Governor Harmon may be divided into transactions and legislations, tlrst. for the elimination of graft; second, such reform in the tax system as will protect the tax payer from the tax spender and will compel corporations to stop dodging taxes and pay along with all indi vidual property owners; third, the ap plication of business methods and economy in public expenditures, and, fourth, the enactment of purely non partisan laws for the benefit of the entire people, irrespective of political parties, and designed to make rule by interest seeking corporations extreme ly difficult and rule by the people easy. After he became governor two years ago Mr. Harmon quietly began his In vestigation of the methods by which public money had been loaned by Re publican state treasurers. lie learned they put interest earning to their pockets. There followed in rapid order suits against the estate and bondsmen of W. S. McKlnnoa. former state treas urer, for $110,785 and interest thereon; against former State Treasurer 1. B. Cameron and his bondsmen for $211, 721 and interest thereon. They were ? i. I I GOVERNOR OF OHIO. Republicans. Another graft Investi gation brought forth the exposure, prosecution and conviction of Mark Slater, former Republican state print er, on graft charges in lesser degrees; the settlement of an interest claim of over $3,700 on funds carried in the bank for former Republican State Au ditor Walter D. Gullbert and the filing of a claim for over $31,000 with the re ceiver of a defunct bank at Columbus as an interest charge on funds carried in that bank by Mr. Gullbert as au ditor. These revelations during the gover nor's first term awakened the civic conscience and paved the way for his subsequent re-election. The Democrats captured the general assembly at the name time. Then Governor narmon renewed his efforts In behalf of certain bills two Republican general assemblies denied him. The most notable achievement ac complished by the executive during the legislative session was the enactment of the Wyman bill, including the Ore gon plan of nominating and electing United States senators. A conference committee was appoint ed to frame a compromise senatorial nomination and election bill. MI would EPIGRAMS no nana tux his own can over oia- ote for a Republican for United States senator If the people by their votes declared for a Republican." the governor told this committee dur ing the conference. "1 would be proud to do It. I would simply be doing the will of the people." One of the committee Hiiggested the Oregon plan was undemocratic. The executive replied. "It's the very essence of De mocracy to put the government back Into the bands of the people and let them say whom they want for United States senator." Governor Harmon took a new tack and had a similar measure offered in the house, the Wyman bilL That body passed It and sent it to the sen ate, where the governor finally got sufficient Republican votes to save it Ohloans had demonstrations recent ly that their Judiciary, one of the most sacred institutions of a free govern ment, had been Invaded by party boss es in their inordinate thirst for power. Instead of being places where the peo ple could turn to Invoke the penalties of the criminal statutes on those who had offended certain courts were be ing used, in cases where men of vast political power were concerned, to shield violators from the vengeance of the law. BuMhe general assembly took a long step forward from boss domination of the courts by enacting a bill provid ing in the future that all Ohio Judges, from the dignified gowned Justices of the supreme court down to the humble laymen who sit as Justices of the peace, shall bo elected on tickets ab solutely free from party emblem or device. Nominations may be made by conventions, but the power of bosses to control nominations was broken by a clause in the bill which says that nominations may be made by peti tions. There is not another such law In the United States. Ohio has been hampered by the crude, unwieldy machinery of a con stitution which was adopted in 1851. and the subject of making a new or ganic law is the biggest and most Im portant proposition that has come be fore a Buckeye general assembly In many years. Selfish hands were being outstretched to get control of the con stitutional convention to be held in 1912 when Governor Harmon took charge of the arrangements for It and succeeded in getting through the gen eral assembly a bill which will remove the delegates from political Influence and make them responsible to the peo ple only. So well did be manage th campaign that Ohio will set a prece dent for all other states to foBow when they come to rewrite their organic law s. Nominations of delegates wll be made by petition only, and nominees will be elected on ballots absolutely free from party device or emblem or any form of party designation. The liquor question, which has been a sore spot In Ohio for sixty years, will be finally settled when the new constlru tion is adopted. The state when Governor narmon grasped the reins of government had nineteen penal, reformatory and benev olent Institutions, with the responsibil ity of governing them divided among nineteen separate boards of trustees, three members to a board. They were so conducted as to secure neither econ omy nor best results. These trusteeships, all honorable positions and eagerly sought after, had been used as a sort of currency to pur chase nominations and to repay the boys who had delivered votes in con ventlons. The trustees appointed su perlntendents and all subordinates, and these combined to furnish the dynamic power for the steam roller which the late Mark Hanna and Boss George B. Cox used to crush the life out of rebellions against the rule of the G. O. P. machine. Governor Harmon's idea was that "the establishments which a Christian state maintains for charity are sacred and that every selfish purpose should perish at their doors." Acting on this principle, the governor framed and forced through the general assembly u bill pluclng all employees of the institutions rauking below su perintendent under civil s?rvlce rules The nineteen separate boards of trus tees and nineteen stewards under' this law were U'0rLslntd out ot office, and the duties of the fifty-seven trustee K ' s I I v ' - y v -, , - f t: -.v"ij OOTCKMOH HARM OH CATCHES FISH AM WELL AS VOTES. were placed in a single board ot four, whll a single fiscal agent replaced the nlnoteen stewards. The advantage of purchasing sup plies for all Institutions In bulk and t'je reduction in employees will save the state SuOO.OOO a year. This law makes it possible to utilize the work of prisoners and also creates a market for. (heir manufactured products by compelling all Ohio political divisions to purchase such supplies as they need from the penal institutions. Employers and employees locked i a a struggle over a worklngmen's con pensatiou act, and when it seennd there would be uo bill passed Gov ernor Harmon stepped In and acted t arbitrator. A bill was framed 'and drafted that ' has bHn approved by Uth employees and employers. The compulsory provisions which made the New York act unconstitu tional were not ineorporated into the Ohio ret. Instead the employer could elect either to pay into the corapensa tion fund or not to pay. If he should not avail himself of the law, however, the employee may sue for damages for injuries, or his legal representative in case of death may maintain the action. And in such suits the employer is de prived of the common law defenses of V; y , 4 ; 4v , yJ , tZxzuiMu i s-' ; ..tn.;,,.! Mm.iJ: Ur,r.w - . . ''V. tJ v rfc GOVERNOR AND MR! HARMON WITH TWO OF THEIR GRAND- CHILDREN. fellow servant rule, assumed risk ana contributory negligence. The employee cannot resort to the courts for damages when injured in the factory of a corporation which pays into the state compensation fuud . I except wheu the injury is caused by the disregard of a law. ordinance or order issued by nn authorized public oflicer providing for the protection of employees or by the willful wrong of an employer, his officer or agents. The employer contributes 90 per cent of the compensation fund and the em ployees 10 per cent Awards range from $3,400 to $1,500 and are graded on the scale of wages paid employees. TXrll 11 - joke when Mr. Harmon was inducted into office and the taxpayers had uo means to check extravagance of their public officers. These men decid ed on the amount of money they were going to spend in a year and then made a levy to produce that amount Taxpayers could do nothing but pay. "The authority which demands must be curbed," said the executive in a message to the general assembly. That body obeyed and passed the Smith bill which limited the maximum tax rate that could be levied by public officers ba each district to 1 per cent of tax duplicates. That was sufficient, the governor held, for an economical ad ministration. If more money were needed there was incorporated hi the Smith bill a provision for a referen dum vote on a higher rate. There were a large number of taxing boards composed of various state offl- w,lu :vwv " ..7; , other corporate taxation, but different boards were made up of different offi cers so that there could be no uniform . , I. mm rr;, : eighty-eight Ohio counties bad nearly , eighty-eight different rules of apprais ing property, with the result that no one got a square deal. Governor Harmon nad a bill drafted to abolish all these boards and to place the entire taxing machinery of the commonwealth In the hands of a sin gle state commission of three mem bers. Other new tax laws make It possible to chase out of hiding millions of dollars of property and also strength en and broaden the inquisitorial pow ers of the state tax commission. Ohloans expected big things from Judson Harmon when they elected him their governor. The achievements of the Democratic general assembly show the expectations of the people have been realized. He had been a leading attorney for years, but a search of his record disclosed Harmon, while he had corporations among his clients, had never give his talents to appear in a court suit against the people. As an attorney general of the United States he bad proved to be a friend of the people, fighting through court cases which established the foundation of all jurisprudence on the anti-trust sub ject In private life he was recognized as one of the ablest lawyers in Ohio. In February. 1010, ten months before the state election In Ohio, when Jndson narmon would go before the peopl for re-election. Ohio Republicans by or der of I'rexldeut Taft held a harmony meeting In Dayton. The Republicans at Dayton did not talk of helping Pres ident Taft or of restoring the Repub lican party: they talked about the chance of defeating Governor Harmon, and they did not talk hopefully. Un consciously they paid a patent tribute to the real strength of the man. It suddenly revealed the tremendous suc cess of Governor Harmon and his com plete mastery of the political situation la Ohio. The plan of opposition out- lined In Dayton has nevei reaM-d. No governor has ever been opposed iy so strong a force as Governor Harmon During his first term of two years a Republican general assembly to dis credit him reduced the treasury bal ance $2.mV2.S."8 1W by making appropri ations exceed revenues and also creat ed obligations amounting to $2.00.000 more by deciding to build new struc tures for state Institutions. When the revenues were reduced $WX),000 a year by voting out saloons and several hun dred thousands of dollars were added to the wrong column by th abolish ment of prison labor contracts Har mon's arms were apparently tied, aud his enemies laughed at his 'discomfort The governor promptly reduced public expenditures. Then. Instead of a gen eral levy, the proper enforcement of the excise laws provided $.M)0.000 addi tional every year. The establishment of a market for prison manufactured goods and the concentration of author ity over nineteen state Institutions is expected to add another $500,000 to the state revenues. Thus was the slt- uatlon met and the state restored to a nvunJ l, . ... ... . , sound financial basis without any ad ditional burdens being Imposed on the people who are least able to be further taxed. Voters like to support clean and able men, as has been demonstrated in many localities where the electors dis played remarkable discrimination in honoring exceptional men with an ex ceptional vote. This explains why In a strongly Republican state Judson Harmon wan olAotcxI trnvnmnr nf nMn year, ago by . pTuraU.y of J9.372 In the face of a Republican plurality of C9.501 in the vote for president On his record as governor of the state Judson Harmon was prepared to go before the people and ask re-election. With precedent against him. the election machinery against him, with the president of the United States, a citizen of the same state, fighting him for re-election and in the face of a strong Republican sentiment to com bat. Governor Harmon nevertheless was given a majority of 101.000. Ohio repudiated her favorite son. William U. Tuft, president of the United States. Governor Harmon won the greatest Democratic victory in the history of Ohio or of the mid dle, west, it was a crushing blow to the president. There are some things in Ohio more popular than the Taft smile. One of them is the Hon. Judson Harmon. I nrhn nrlll xnnnliiniinti nn -Mlc m.A who alts on the edge of a big tab ,w nri(oa tha that occupies the center of the gov ernor's reception room and chats with visitors. "Common as an old shoe" is the way Ohio farmers size up their nvor.nr aft tho Mm ' governor after they see him perched on that table, swinging his feet, and SOME B16 BILLS A REAL GOVERNOR . OBTAINED FOR PEOPLE III OHIO Tha Oragon plan of nominating and alaeting Unitad States senators by diract veta af tha paopla. Placing tha Ohio judioiary bayand tha olutohaa of party boaaae by alaoting all judgaa on nonpartisan ballota. A worklngman'a cempenaatien act, ao that Injurad employ can gat damagaa without axpanalva and tadioua litigation. A public utility commioaion with authority to rag u I at laau of atock, rate, merger and rvlo. A eorrupt practlo act that will mak vot buying In primaries and olactions a dangarou undertaking. A limited initiative and referendum for Ohio cltl. A central board af control for nineteen atate Institutions to talc tho plac of nineteen separate boarda of truotoos with tholr oor of em ployees. Thia bill placaa aubordinato employ In tho Institution under elvll servlo. A shorter ballot by abollahing boarda of Infirmary director f tkr member aok. A reform of Ohio teotlon law to prvnt corruption and frid. T have delegataa ta tha 1912 Ohi constitutional oonvcton nomi nated by petition only and elected on nonpartisan ballots. To atimulata tho agricultural industry by requiring agricrtuo to bo taught In all Ohio village and country school. Ratification of tho proposed Inoomo tax amendment to Je federal eetitut!on. Memorialising eong ree to call a convention to provide for tko dlroot olootlen of United Statee senatera. Inauring th hnet handling of all stt money by d op J ting In iMsnks under th competitive bidding plan. Creating a fund of 13.000,000 every year by general levy to give Ohio a ytm of Impro'ved rodways equal to the best In the world. A complete reformation of tax law that will put tax dedgero owt of bueineee and will compel oerporatlona and owner of Intangible property that have been dodging taxea to plaea their holdinga on the duplicate the earn as small property owner. Included in this I a 1 per oont tax levy Mmrt bill. Providing for tho eonatruetion of a women'o refermetory and plac ing all girls In the state correctional institutions under th oontrol of a woman. Public utllkiee bill, corrupt praeticee act and the Initiative and refer endum have passed bath hew, but are In the hand of the committee. Theee bill will become lawa in satisfactory form. her him talk straight from the shoul der. When be was attorney general he ar gued many cases before the supreme court argued them well so well that he earned many deserving compliments from bench and bar. Among them, and perhaps the most noted, was that of the United States against the Trans mlssouri Freight association. It was the first test as to tha efficiency of the Sherman anti-trust law when applied to prevent an Illegal combination of railroads. Mr. Harmon won. and the combination went by the boards. Of a similar character were the suits against the Freight Traffic association and the Addyston Pipe company. Har mon was successful in both, aud thus was established the Law as it stands today. There is an odd series of coinci dences in the careers of Governor Har mon and President Taft Always Har mon has followed Taft or Taft has followed Harmon. Harmon resigned as Judge in, Ohio, and Taft took his place. Then Mr. Taft became solicitor general of the United States. Harmon followed him to Washington as a cabi net member. Will he follow Taft to Washington again? Governor Harmon was born In New town. Hamilton county. O.. Feb. 3 1840. aud he therefore Is in bis sixty fifth year. One not acquainted with thls fact would take him to be no more than fifty-five. Ho is just as vigorous as a man of many years under fifty five and as fond of sports and of the out of doors as a schoolboy. He rides with the grace of a regular army cav alryman. plays golf, competes with the erack rifle shots of the O. N. G. annual ly and makes good scores, goes t Michigan every summer for his vaca tion and fishes and fishes, and he is baseball fan of the species that records each play made during a game on score card. ne was for years pitcher in a nine composed of business men who met every Saturday afternoon out In the suburbs of the Queen City to try dla mond conclusions wifh teams from other localities. Judson Harmon nev er missed a game while he was In town. He would go to the ball field shed his coat and collar and wade In and pitch nine straight innings with all the vigor of a big leaguer. Mr. Harmon's father was a Baptist minister, and from him he received his early education. In 1860 he graduated from the Baptist college at Denison, Licking county, and In 1802 the school honored him with the degree of LL. D. He attended the Cincinnati Law school and graduated in 1SC0. Mr. Harmon's Idea of what Democ racy should do can be summed up in the closing words of an Interview which he gave, as follows: "1 take it that the true platform of the Democracy is the preservation to the utmost of the rights of the com mon man the man who has not might or wealth to twist the current of events to suit himself, to observe to the strictest possible degree the limits of authority imposed by the constitu tion, to administer the government eco nomically and in doing that to levy only the amount of taxes, direct or through a tariff, which will meet the expenses of the government "Am I a believer In the Income tax?" said the governor In response to a ques tion. "Most assuredly," he continued. "Without such a tax the expenses of the federal government, which now amount to a billion dollars per year, cannot be fairly distributed. They are now collected by tariff and other taxes ob consumption, and the enormous vested wealth of the country escapes. A few states have undertaken to tax Incomes, but, as 1 am advised, with lit tle success. Changes of legal residence are too easy to make. The efficiency of a federal income tax has been proved. The levying of one would help secure the lowering of tariff taxes, so greatly and generally desired, while the people will watch more closely what la done with their money when they know they are paying taxes and how much." BUSINESS DIREC city orriccuh. ?yor WliliHt I Clerk ..'.' tieaauier, yy Mtrbliai... .... J flies. .Mrfc rri L. W tL City Attorney City Health Oflicer Justices ot ttiu I'eaco E. li. Aldermen-Vim Ward, Henry Glldeim-tnier. k. JC. Hudson; Second Ward, tieorice Crawford, CHUHCHea. riSSat?!?!? 1SC?Z1' UrjKCH-8 Vn .?'ndt7:3P-m- Habbath ctio it ll :46 a. m. Prayer meeting ti Tnursda. evening Kv. Eoais Coluns, 1'ast-r BA1,IST CUBRCH-Services at 10:80 a 7 h n bbaib cLooj ii close ot moraine service. Prayer meeting Ttnmdav day evening, iuv. Fhank 11. IkvTno, I'aVtoi CHURCH OF CHRIST Preaching ma eac Sunday at 10:30 and 7:80. Com munL tJ?i. s. ar5rTLur"ilay evenlu FRKE METHODIST CilUrtCH-Pravtr an Pn? at 7THi ?' Z!VeS 'clock m nt at 7.8U u m i'rayer meeting Frida, evening. RiV. j b. PdIIIIds. Patnr ' hf,?JhYiiTR,iiITY MISSIOX-soiTlcea in the Ch .... . -Aiuifyi kuu Ajueruiau 7 55 u &und tervl.-es 7.au and 10:30 a. in. and Jt wn i . OHKrt'sli auu Aldermau a n Ld1yS; 6,30 ther " lces as announced. th. hM ,rv, V. i wto- Kveryouo welcome. bT, JOSEPH'S (JATicu.iu-servlcea a i:00 a. m and 10;80a. tu. alternately every .undav mornlnK. Rbv. Fh. Zinplik. iarAA1I;,I.l,DAV SAINTS-North Side. Mtl lard Addition, corner of Eaer and Aloulion ktreet-sujiday stnool at 10:3U, aoclal meet inif at 1 1 :i ni T.ro.v,in ... , .... . Pr aver luettin ivo.ir,..,,!,,, '1 7: A. N. Hill Pastor C"R111S'"AN SCIENCE CHURCH - Service are held in Room A over lint Main stret. Sunday rnornin service at lo:5; Sunday school at clo or morning, service. Wednesday evening teati: inony meeting-at 7:;w. Ail are welcome at the servicea. Fred L Warner With Allied Locke Dw lytt C. Sbeldou y iTOKNEV.- AT LAW-4jnice; . , xuic stra Hardware Main St. lieldln. Micii. JAMES E. FERGUSON, M. l. ' practice limited to diseases of the Kye. Kar, Xose and Throat. Oflice (ild Ashton liuilding, Grand Rapid, Mich. Citizens Phone J777. Olliice hours y to 4. Jn Jielding ollice every Satiday af ternoon. ON. Cm. p. SMITH, L.W1 1ST. driiu t ours to : . Leouar Uiock. mcrKutmV bardwart atore. Hl STLOPATH Y. J. T. MOOR. D. O. LOLLIfc . MOOK, D. O. New Hrli!iru ilock, liehWne Mlct. Phone No. 194 F.jjW. DORR, M. D. Successor to Dr. Morris Office Hours hume a.s TLose of lr. Morris Phone Residence 153; Office 19 INSURAINC1 30 Old Line Companies. Firs Insurance a Specialty Adam Wagner & Son Also writes Tornado. Sick, Health Accident Insurance. Omoe-Corrier Main and Bridge Streets. arris Furniture Complin (ji;mtl'i:e and undertaking special attention given to the i-roirhand-linpol rvery Funeral detaiL Day i.uoue 350 Night 71 2r. Heldiug. Mich. I. S. MORRIS M. D. Detroit, Mich. Reaidt-uve l"5 Woodward Ave. Office hours 9 tj 11 a. m. Down town nifi fi I ' ('. . RtA Off ire hours 1 to 4 ,. m. IcIocphoD. Ball h in 4674. 5 CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT 5 and savings books issued by Sandell's liank read this way: "Inteiest will be paid hereon at the following rates per Htmum. 3 per cent if left three months. 4 per cent if left six months. 5 jwr cent if left one year." ouldn't you rather possess one han hae vour monev lvintr mi of drawing less interest? ould like to talk with you about it h. SAKDEIL'S BANK 5 MONEY TO LOAN ,...UY THE.... Holding liulldlne and Loan Association e th ose who wish to hulltl h bouec c pay of your mortgage; or In bnyh, a home already built oi easy terms of monthly Install ments. For particular call at their office. There la uothinp better in HMln.. tor Investment than ctock In the nI diug Duildtntf iri? tiaii. stock of wnich, Series .No. to, Hnowopefinli. A. WAGNER, Sec'y. First Insortlon May 4th, 1911. Notice of Hearing of Claims. Statu ,if MlrhlvHti (mniv tit Innta 'tl 1 hiriiv irl-'i'ii t tiv an urdcr af tin, !r..i. t'ourt for Hie County of Ionia, made on the twt'Btjr ovrnth day f Arll. A. 1. 11)11, four month from that ilatf wtrt al1oiil fur iti .111. ors to iiroscnt iht'lr rlalins n?aln.t the PMtate of Kallirim I Mitt lnt f nalil t'mintr ilmMi.va.1 and that all rrcditor of sn (lffcHxt-d aro re gnini 10 rfs'ni int'ir riaun u sum I Totiate :nit ai Hip iTolmif ortioo. In Hip City of Ionia, for xanlnatloii and allowam e, on or before th twenty eighth day of n crust, npit, and tha such elaiins will r heard tiefore atld Court on Vfunrlar I tio t iruti I v ..Icrli t h il.v i.r ln.n.1 i.1... at ten o'clock in tho forenoon of that day. taieu Apru tjiq. a. i. dki. ( L. H.) MoNTOOMtKY WtRSTIR. Judge ofl'rabau.