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FARMER'S FRIEI1D '
IS PROTECTION i OF MORE THAN A CEN TURY PROVES THIS BEYOND ALL POSSIBLE DOUBT. A HOME MARKET ASSURED Fallacies of Professor Wilson's Argu ment and of Democratic Free Trade Exposed by Facts American Farmers Have Alway Benefited by a Protectee Tariff. The Democratic Tariff bill, J courageously vetoed by President Taft, PLACED CEREALS ON J THE FREE LIST. .A vote for President Taft and Z the Republican ticket Is the safe- J guard of the farmer against the entry Into the United States, duty J free, of the products of the great fields of Canada and other grain- J growing countries. Professor Wilson is telling the far mers over and over again, that they have never been protected that they do not need protection. Then in this connection the professor adds: "Hut everything you use on the farm, ev erything that you wear, and a great deal of what you eat, but do not pro duce yourself, including meats, bears a heavy duty, which brings about the Interesting result that you are paying for the wealth of the United States and getting nothing, or equivalent to w nothing, so far as the tariff is con cerned. Now that hasn't just begun to be true. It has always been true." It is not true. The protective tariff does benefit the farmers. American farmers know this fact, and by their votes have ' helped to maintain the policy of protection. Without their votes the party of protection could not have won a single presidential election Inithe last forty years. Have the farmers been mistaken through all these years? They have not. Has protection been of no value to them? It certainly has. All history and all fact dispute the academic free trade contention that the farmer has no share in the "bene fits of protection. In every period of industrial depression, resulting from the destruction of the tariff duties be low the protective point, the farmers of this country have been heavy losers, because of diminished demand and lower prices for their-products. In the most recent period of Demo cratic free trade legislation 1894-97 the farmers of the United States lost fully five billion dollars in reduced prices of farm products, and dimin ished value of farm property. In every period of restored protection the farmers have reaped the benefits of a greater demand and Increased prices. There has been no exception m to the rule of prosperity for American farmers, when American labor is fully employed. Here are some proofs of that fact. In a recent statement by Senator Smoot printed in the Congressional Record of August 26, 1912, it is shown that in December, 1896, after two years of free trade tariff revision un der the Wilson law of 1894, the price of corn was twenty-three cents a bushel, while in December, 1911, after fourteen years of restored protection, the price of corn was sixty-nine cents a bushel; or an advance over 1896 of 200 per cent. Using 1896 as the basis of com parison with December, 1911, it is found that under a protective tariff: Corn advanced 200 per cent Wheat advanced 67 per cent. Cotton advanced 28 per cent. Oats advanced 166 per cent. Rye advanced 137 per cent. Barley advanced 308 per cent. Hay advanced 138 per cent. Hops advanced 286 per cent. Potatoes advanced 282 per cent. Flaxseed advanced 149 per cent. Fat cattle advanced 62 per cent. I Fat hogs advanced 96 per cent. Dairy Butter advanced 86 per cent. Eggs advanced 90 per cent. While the price of farm products has Increased, the price of articles which the farmer purchases has not Increased in proportion. He can buy more today with the products of his farm than he could in 1896. For ex ample: Ten bushels of corn In 1911 paid for 125 pounds of sugar, and only 56 pounds In 1896. Ten bushels of corn paid for 31 yards of bleached sheeting In 1911, and only 13 yards In 1896. Ten bushels of corn In 1911 paid for two pairs of shoee and only one pair V 1896. Professor WTllson and other Demo cratic speakers and writers assert what Is abolutely untrue when they tay, that the protective tariff robs, and in no way benefits the American farmer. As a matter of fact, there Is probably no class of American pro ducers whose share In the benefits of protection In the past fifteen years, has been so great as the share of the American farmer. If the farmers rightly understand their Interests, they will rote against the party of free trade. They will cast qBIx million votes for President Taft and Vice President Sherman and a tontlnuatlon of the Republican policy of protection, THE.OANGER THAT WAS ESCAPED WHAT WOULD HAVE HAPPENED IF DEMOCRATIC TARIFF BILLS HAD NOT BEEN VETOED. The Disaster Which Threatened One County In Connecticut Would Have Been Experienced In Almost Every County In the United States. Congressman K. J. Hill Is one of the greatest, if not the greatest, tariff ex perts in the United States. He rep resents Fairfield county, Connecticut, in congress, and he has recently pub lished a startling document in which he shows the effect the Democratic tariff bills passed during the recent session of congress and vetoed by President Taft, would have had upon these industries if enacted into law. He. lists the factories In alphabetical order and shows in connection with each one Just the percentage, of re duction In the duty upon the article which it manufactures. The showing fills four pages of a newspaper and It has not only awakened Connecticut to a shuddering realization of the dan ger it has escaped, but it has aroused all New England to the menace of a Democratic victory. Mr. Hill shows beyond question that if these Democratic bills had passed practically every industry in his dis trict and in the entire state of Con necticut would have been put upon a free trade basis and a very large proportion of them would have been obliged to close their doors. Manu facturers from all over the country who have seen this exhibit are writ ing to Mr. Hill to thank him for mak ing It and to tell him that they had no Idea how near to extinction they had been. They had not realized the deadly menace to their industries which was hidden In the Democratic tariff bills and they had not realized the immeasurable debt they owe to President Taft for vetoing them. One correspondent from Delaware writes that Congressman Hill's disclosures had "set the state on fire,- and that is hardly too strong a term to use to describe th Intense interest aroustll. Another article which has recently appeared and which has produced al most as startling an effect upon those to whom It was immediately address ed as that of Congressman Hill, is an editorial in the "American Sheep Breeder." This editorial calls atten tion to the fact that neither Colonel Roosevelt nor Professor Wilson made any reply whatever when asked what their attitude would be on the ques tion of protection to the wool Indus try, while President Taft answered by wire, calling attention to his veto of the wool bill and the expression of opinion which he gave In that veto. The editorial very properly draws the Inference from the silence of the Dull Moose and Democratic candidates that the wool Industry need not hope for any consideration at their hands, and it quotes the message of President Taft to show that he realizes the ab solute necessity of protection In order that the Industry may prosper, and that so long as he Is in the White House no free wool bill can become a law. The "American Sheep Breeder" goes to many thousand men engaged in the sheep industry and it is not in any sense a political newspaper. It is devoted to the Interests of the sheep Industry, however, and Its ex pression of editorial opinion that President Taft and the Republican party alone can be trusted to safe guard that Industry, can hardly fall to concentrate upon the Republican ticket the vote of all those vitally In terested In that Industry. The Democratic managers realize the deep-seated distrust toward their party which exists on account of Its attitude on the tariff question and are trying desperately to make it appear that the tariff plank In their platform does not really mean so very much. They plead that the Democratic pro gram would be to reduce the tariff gradually so as not to disturb bml ness, with the Idea that ultimately the country could reach a free trn-V basis by easy stages which Is II! e the old story about gradually reduc ing the feed which is given to your horses until by dint of habit he learn? to do without any feed at all. But the country will not be doceh ed. The country knows perfectly wr ! that, Democratic victory would mrf a long period of tariff agitation v f nothing certain except that In the ' bills would be passed under wVc there would InevltaWy be enorm r Importations of foreign products will corresponding contraction and stnrni tion of domestic trad and manufar ture. The country did not fail to tafcr note of the tariff revision bills passu r by the present Democratic ronrres under the boast that they did net cm tain a line of protection. The rnnn try knows that but for the cour;p ous vetoes of President Taft ihrc ruinous Democratic measures wotiM now be on the statute-books and In . all probability the Industries affected by them would be languishing and thousands of men out of work. It is the knowledge of these fcts that is responsible for the strong and steady drift toward Taft that Is re ported from all sections of the conn try and that is the forecast of a weeping Republican victory. REMEMBER. W00DR0W WILSON, Democratic Candidate fcr President, being summoned before the bar of the American people as a witness for and in behalf of the Republican party, was examined and testified a follows: Question: Did you or did you not, in your History of the Ameri can People, refer to the years 1893 to 1896, when the Democratic party was in power, as "THOSE FATAL YEARS OF DEPRES SION?" Answer: I did. Question: Did you or did ycu not describe the terrible conditions in those years in the following language, upon pages 2ZS and 236 of Vl'.ume 5: "A great poverty and dtpreiiioa ha 1 o.ne upon the western mining regions and upon the agricultural regions of the west and south," alid "Men of the poorer sort were idle everywhere and ailed with a sort of despair. All of the larger cities and manufactur ing towns teemed with unemployed workingmen, who were WITH THE UTMOST DIFFICULTY KEPT FROM STARVATION by the systematic efforts of organized charity?" Answer: I did. Question: Did you or did you not, after describing this distress in detail and relating that millions of American gold went across the sea o pay foreign creditors, use these words, on page 23: "NOT UNTIL THE YEAR 1897, WHEN THE REPUBLICAN ADMINISTRA TION CAME IN, DID THE CRISIS SEEM TO BE'PAST?" Answer: I did. The Republican party asks no kom sixteen years of Republican Democratic distress than Woodrow lor president. HADLEY IS FOR TAFT Roosevelt's Former Manager Comes Out Square for the President. Gov. Hadley, of Missouri, who was one of Roosevelt's managers at the Re publican national convention, and who had charge of the contest made by Roosevelt delegates, has declined to follow the Third Term candidate out of the Republican party, and has de clared that he will support President Taft. In a speech at Jefferson City. Mo., he said: "I hope that these many hlghmlnd ed but, I believe, mistaken men, who have thought there was a greater In terest to be subserved by Joining In the organization of the new party anrj the nomination of another State tick et, will yet see that by such acVs they are simply doing that which tends to Insure Democratic Buccess. And I hope that they will come back to the party which has stood for decency: that has stood for sane and effective progress In the conduct of public af fairs." After appealing to Republicans to support the Republican nominees, Gov. Hadley pointed out In his ppeecb that the Democrats were pledged to the same kind of tariff legislation as they gave to the country after the Democratic victory of 1802. He said that no Republican could associate himself with those whose efforts tend ed to Insure Democratic success. F0RAKER SUPPORTS TAFT Says All Other Candidates Seek to Destroy Republican Party. By his physclan's orders, former Senator Foraker has been compelled to decline the Invitation to make speeches this campaign. Of course, as a loyal Republican, he Is support ing Taft. For quite a while the former senator was In Maine for his health, and while there he was a keen ob server of the political situation. He declares that the result in Maine was emphatically a victory for the policy of protection. Upon his return home i he gave a highly Interesting state ment to the Cincinnati "Commercial Tribune," from which the following is : excerpted: - I "It Is tle duty of every Republican who want to support the Republican party and Republican principles to re member that there Is no way to sup port the party and Its principles ex Jcept by supporting President Taft. "Nobody else pretends to represent the Republican party. Every other candidate for the presidency is the open and avowed enemy of the Re publican party. All allko are seeking Its defeat and destruction." r ill r .1 rTvv 'i South Bnd fTnd.) Tribune. better witness against a change prosperity to four years more of Wilson, the Democratic candidate MUST VOTE FOR TAFT Roosevelt, Who Cannot Be Elected Says That Wilson's Election Means Nation-Wide Disaster. ' , Col. Roosevelt, the Third Term c m dldate, cannot possibly ' be elected. There Is no way In which he can car ry enough states to give him 2C0 elec toral votes. But by dividing the Republican party, Col. Roosevelt can aid In (Kit ing Woodrow Wilson, the Democratic candidate. Should Wilson be elected ? Roosevelt says that Wilson's election would plunge this country Into nation wide disaster. Here are Roosevelt's own words written In the Outlook of July, 27, 1912: "If Dr. Wilson were elected, he would either have to repudiate the promises made about the tariff in the Democratic platform or else bring ev ery Industry In the country to a crash which would make all panics in our past history seem like child's play In . comparison. In short, were Dr. Wil son elected on this platform, he would ; be obliged at the very outset of his ad ministration to face the alternatives of dishonesty or disaster, the alterna tives or refusing to carry out the ex pressed pledges of the platform, or else of causing such disaster to ev ery worker In the country as would mean nation-wide ruin." As Roosevelt cannot be elected, and as Roosevelt says that Wilson's elec tion would mean disaster It is a log ical conclusion that the vote 'of the country must be given to President Taft. TALKING ABOUT STRAWS. The Billings (Mont.) Dally Gazette, which has been a strong Roosevelt pa per until recently, has come over to Taft, the editor giving his reasons for the change In a double-column article,' declaring that he sees no hope for the success of the Third Term party, and Is convinced that the cause of real re form can be best promoted by con tinuing the Republican party In power. The article particularly emphasizes the danger of bringing about adverse business conditions through a change in administration, and points out the steady advance which has been mad under Republican policies.- It Is a most significant editorial, and as the Gazette is the most important paper In Montana, Its Influence upon the elec tion can hardly be measured. It Is only another one of the Innumerable signs that the Third Term party has col lapsed, that the country realizes the fight Is between the Republican party and the Democratic party, and that no possible benefit could be derived from a change. v - I u a I z w m ' ill .JSP ROOSEVELT HOT A ' GOOD VOTE-GETTER HIS POPULARITY NOT SHOWN CY THE VOTES HE HAS RECEIVED. RECORDWILLSURPR.Sh MANY In New York When He Ran for G.v ernor He Did Not Get Full Prrty Support Presidential Veto When Analyzed Is Net to H's Advantage. Colonel Roosevelt Is regarded every nhere as Uie marvelous vote-rettii. "We are for Teddy because he wi'l elect our county ticket," choru'd th; Roosevelt shouters prior to the re nomlntnatlon of President Taft. Aud even now, when, having failed to get the Republican nomination fcr a third term, he is heading a balling Third Party organization, there aie many Republicans who seem to think that he has a strong hold ui on the people. The fact is the record shows that he Is not a Buccessful vote get ter. The belief which prevai's in some parts of the country that Roose velt has a magic hold upon the peojie is, not supported by the facts. Mr. Roosevelt's own activity in self-advertising is largely responsible for the belief. Take, for instance, his home stato of New York. Here are the figures of the Republican vote cast in the three elections of 1806, 1808 and 1900, the two years before and the two years after Roosevelt was a candidate for governor: 1S96, Black .787,.'1G 1898, Roosevelt CC1.707 1900, Odell :..804r,0 When Roosevelt ran as a candidate for governor he had behind him his prestlgate of service In the war with Spain. He made a spectacular cam paign with a number of uniformed soldiers riding with him upon the rear platform of his special train. Even with this advantage he polled 125,000 less votes than Black and nearly 1 15,000 votes less than Odcll. This shows that in his own state he is not the vote-getter which he claims to be. Polled Less Votes Than Taft. Colonel Roosevelt received an enor raous plurality when he ran for presi dent in 1904, but that was because 1,280,000 Democrats declined to xcU for Judge Alton B. Parker. The real test of Roosevelt's plurality Is the number of Republican votes cast for him. He polled 7,023,486 votes, but even this number was 55,000 less than were cast for Taft In 1908 with Bryan in the field and practical Democratic harmony restored. Do these figures show Roosevelt to be a great vote-getter? The figures as to Illinois are also Interesting and instructive. In 1904 the total Republican vote for Roose velt was 632,645, but this was 1,381 less than were ca6t for Charles S. Deneen for governor. Roosevelt was supposedly the idol of the Republican party while Governor Deneen's nomi nation was secured at the end of a three weeks' convention in which bit ter factional fighting developed. Yet Deneen, as stated, received 1.3SI more votes for Roosevelt. An attempt is made to demonstrate Colonel Roosevelt's popularity by cit ing the fact that his plurality in Illi nois in 1904 was 305,000, while Taft's was only 179,000 in 1908. The fact is that in 1004 Roosevelt received 632,645 votes. In 1008 Taft received 620,029 votes, so that out of about 630,000 votes the only difference between Roosevelt's popularity and Taft's popularity as shown by the total Re publican vote was 2,713. Illinois is cited merely because it is typical of other states. Some Primary Figures. As Republican candidate for presi dent last spring, Colonel Roosevelt polled 61 per cent of the total vote cast at the Illinois primaries, but only 42.37 per cent of the Taft 1908 vote. A majority of the Republicans of Il linois have not expressed a prefer ence for Colonel Roosevelt, for presi dent. In a recent statement Colonel Roosevelt said: "The primary in Illi nois last spring definitely decided that I was the choice of the Illinois Republican voters for president." Colonel Roosevelt should be Informed than 42.37 per cent of the Repub lican vote In Illinois does not decide what 57.63 per cent shall do with a bolter who denounced their party be cause it would not nominate him. Similar conditions prevail In other states. The foregoing record proves that Colonel Roosevelt, without regard to his other essential deficiencies, Is not a powerful vote-getter. The "win-with-Teddy" bumcombe is quite popu lar with Colonel Roosevelt and his supporters with the hope of dragging Into line timid voters and pot-huntlnp politicians. The facts show that as a vote-getter Roosevelt never had been as strong as his party. He was not as strong as Black and Odcll In New York, where he is best. known; although running against a cripple In Judge Parker, he ran more than a million votes behind his party strength; he was not as strong as Taft in the country at large; and he was not as strong as Taft and Deneen in Illinois. The current belief, stimulated by Roosevelt's own expressions, that Roosevelt Is a powerful vote-fetter, I dlsproven by the facta. PRAISE EOR MR. TAFT EDITORIAL COMMENDATION OF HI8 CHARACTER, HIS ACHIEVE MENTS AND HIS WISDOM. ALL SECTIONS REPRESENTED The President Eulogized Because He Is Wise, Honorable, Dignified, Courageous and Safe and His Triumphant Re-election la Predicted. From every section of the country comes editorial commendation of President Taft and of his -administration. Quite a number of papers which, until recently, had remained independ ent, declared their conviction that only the continuance of present poli cies will ensure the stability and pros perity of the agricultural, industrial and financial Interest of the nation. The president is receiving credit for his courageous vetoes of free trade tariff bills, for his efforts to secure economical administration of the gov ernment and for his success in Im proving social conditions through recommending and forcefully advo cating legislation. A page could well be filled with extracts from editorial columns praising the president, but the following will suflee: Friend of Old Soldiers. From the Clay Center, Kan., Republi can: The old soldier vote should help to elect Its friend, William Howard Taft, signer of the Sherwood Pen sion bill, and son of Grant's secre tary of war. Where Mr. Taft Stands. From the Wausau Record-Herald: Taft stands exactly where either of the great martyr presidents would have stood had they lived In his day and occupied his place. He stands for the constitution, for the courts, for the perpetuation of the tried and proved American Institutions, for the principle of protection to American labor, just laws and their Impartial enforcement against rich and poor, high and low, alike. No president ever had higher Ideals, better comprehen sion of the intricacies of government, or more courage In presenting his con victions to the public. Now Outspoken for Taft. 4 From the Clinton, III., Journal: As the Journal up to this point In the campaign has exercised its pre rogative of expressing disinterested comment upon issues and candidates, so now, as an Independent newspaper, It feels that the time Is at hand and the opportunity is ripe to declare its policy on the issues of the day. From now on until November 5, therefore, the Journal will contribute Its efforts to the success of the principles cf the Republican platform and the re-election of William Howard Taft to the presidency. It is convinced that only the continuance of present policies will Insure the stability and pros perity of the agricultural, Industrial and financial Interests of the nation, and It trembles for the future at the thought of the havoc and ruin which the success either of the Democratic party or of the misnamed "Procrcs slve" party would mean. Safe and Sound. From the Cassvllle, Mo., Republican: . The country has a man In the presi dential chair who can be relied upon to uphold the principals of protection and the other doctrines of the plat form on which he was elected. Mr. Taft is standing courageously for the principles in which he and his party believe. Kcur.more years of his ad ministration offers safe and sound protection to labor and to capital. Dignified and Positive. Frdm the Courier d'Alene, Idaho, Press: Compare the dignity, the tact, and the positive stand taken by Mr. Taft with tha bombastic acts and ut terances of his predecessor, and see which measures up to the standard of a president and who has accomplished most for the country. Has Done Much for Labor. From the Bluencld, W. V., Telegraph: The Taft administration can point to a solid record of practical achievements In labor legislation. The Safest Man In Sight. From the Petaluma, Cal., Argus: By November it is likely that the common sense of the country will have found itself so far as to see and say that, for the presidency, Mr. Taft is the safest man in sight. Wise and Prudent. From the Denver, Col., Republican: President Taft's administration has not been one of talk and parade, of sensational assertion and show of au thority. But It has been an adminis tration of hard work in quiet aid unostentatious ways. He has said little. But he has done much. The rising tide of business prosperity tes tifies to the wisdom and prudence of fits administration, and to the confi dence which the business world has in his discretion. Great Achievements. From the Erie, Pa., Dispatch: There is no doubt that the grert achievements of Taft will be acknowl edged by the historian of the future. The voter of the present ought to be Bo less clear eyed to do the same. RAY A. COLWELL . r.-f '1 Republican Candidate Tor Prosecuting Attorney (Political Advertisement)' To Ihe Voters of Ionia County: 1 urn u candidate for the ollice of prosecuting attorney on the Republican ticket. I have been u resident of Ionia County for the past thirty years and have been practicing law for the past eleven years all of the time. I believe that the iirst duty of a prosecuting attorney is to carefully in vestigate every case brought before him before a warrant is issued. No greater wrong can be done an individual than to subject him to the humiliation, ex pense and disgrace ol an arrest without cause. Hasty, ill-advised prosecutions yearly cost the icople thousands of dollars in taxes. I also believe that a prosecuting at torney should fairly and impartially enforce the laws of the -state without fear or favor, and under no circum stances should he allow any self in terest to influence his action. And he should be just as anxious to protect the innocent as to prosecute the guilty. He should give ever ierson a "square deal." If 1 am elected to the ollice of prose cuting attorney 1 fehall carefully inves tigate every case and shall promptly and fearlessly prosecute every violation of the law. lain lully in sympathy with those laws enacted for the purjoxe of enforcing law and order in the county and shall labor untiringly to enforce the same. ResiccUully Yours Ray A. Col well Place a X in front of the name, if you wish to vote for J y4v; JOHN CLARK TAYLOR Democrat Canadidate For Judge Of Probate If elected he will have no other busi ness interests to interfere, and will de vote his entire time to the duties of the ollice. And he will discharge the duties with the sole purpose of the best interests of the estates, the persons directly in terested and the community as a whole. Mr. Taylor is a long-time resident of Ionia county, served from 18151! to close of Civil war in the L'lst Michigan Infan try; has lilled several ollicial positions of trust and responsibility, and has the reputation of doing ellicient and honest service whenever and wherever called uion for duty. In the opinion of those who know him best he has the qualities that would make him a capable and trustworthy Judge of Probate, who could be relied upon to perform the important duties of the cilice with absolute fidelity to the interests involved in matters com ing before the court. adv Sick headache it, caused by a diaordered stomach. Take Clinr.il-erlain's Tablets and correct that and the headaches will disap pear. For sale by all deelers. Real Estate For Sale The Wallace homestead, corner of Front and Washington St Mus be sold to close the estate. See M. A. Reed, Adm, . nere is a woman who speaks from per sonal krowledge and long experience, vis., Mr. P. H. Urogsn.of Wilson, Pa., who mts j ,(I know from experience that Chamberlain's Cough Remedy i far suirior to an? other. f t 1 1. f . i . . i h rorrn)iii uini- ib '.luiuiug Wi&fc excels U. For sale by all dealers,