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THE BCLDJTJG DAIinES fJAGAZKlE SEVTiOtl
VEDNESDAY, JUNE 27, 1517 PAG3 ZfZZZ. si 5S X l FARM AND ORCHARD Cultivation Makes Potatoes Thrive Gardeners and farmers who have potato crops coming on will find it to their advantage, say potato specialists of the Michigan Agricultural College, to cultivate thoroughly their gar dens and fields. . "The cultivator should be started as soon as the potatoes are up sufficient ly to show the rows plainly," accord ing to the potato men. - "It is assum ed that harrowing has been done. The first time the cultivator is used it should be run close to the row and deep.- This is for the purpose of loosening up the soil and putting it in a condition suitable for the soil bacteria to work to best advantage. A small amount of sor should oe thrown around the plants to cover and kill any small weeds which may not have been killed by the harrow. "After the first time over, the cul tivator should be run more shallow to avoid breaking off the small root lets. The frequency of cultivation will depend upon the nature f the soil. . the persistency of weed growth and the amunt of rainfall. At least three things shuld be accomplished by cul tivation. The weeds should be kept from growing, the soil moisture from evaporating, and the surface of the soil kept open and porous, than will be the case if it is permitted to be come firm, or baked. "Cultivation should be kept up as long as it is possible to get between the rows without injuring the plants. After the first two or three cultiva tions, only the surface of the soil should be stirred. Much harm is fre- 3uently done, especially when it is ry and hot, by deep cultivation close to the plants. The right use of the cultivator in the potato field is very beneficial, but the wrong use of the cultivator may be harmful to the po tato crop." lirood Sow and Litter The brood sow suckling her litter should be well fed in order to give a maximum milk flow. Gains in live weight made by the pigs at this time are usually the cheapest ones during their whole lives, and any factor which will increase the sow's milk yield or cheapen the cost of her feed during these weeks will increase and cheapen the gains made by the suckl ing littler. After the sow has farrowed it is best for her to be in the open air, say specialists in the United States De partment of Agriculture. Of course, if the pigs are farrowed during the winter months, care will be needed, and it may be necessary to let the pigs reach the age of two weeks be fore turning them out They can, however, get considerable exercise in the piggery or in the lot adjoining the barn that is sunny and sheltered from cold winds, where the sow and pigs may be turned for exercise. Care should be taken, however, not to al low the very young pigs to run out during a cold rain. On - the other hand, if they do not exercise they will get fat and lazy, and the usual re sults is the "thumps." If the moth er does not have plenty of exercise she is apt to become constipated, and in consequence fall off in her yield of milk. Buy Monarch Paint 100 per cent pure Going Higher, Buy it Now Belding Hardware Co. BRIDGE STREET You're Not Men who are tall or snort, line Las models for you all, 18 op BURT CURTIS, Agent, Belding, Mich. Whenever available, green forage meets many of the requirements of a brood sow and her litter. It can be had at any time during the growing season in some form, from early spring pastlre, such as fall-sown rye and wheat, to late fall and winter pasture composed of cereals sown a month before grazing. A pasture gives the sow ample opportunity to exercise in the open air. It also fur nishes an abundance of succulent feed, which is conducive to a good state of health and consequently a large milk flow. If for no other reasons than these, it would be an economical prac tice to supply green forage to the sow at this time, but there is also an add ed advantage in that it saves grain and consequently reduces the cost of feeding. Some grain should always be fed even on the richest pasture. As a rule 2.5 pounds of grain for each hun dred pounds the sow weights will be sufficient when there Is an abundance of pasture; without pasture from three to four pounds of grain per hundred pounds live weight will be required. Of course, if the sow loses much weight in either case her feed should be increased, or if she shows a tendency to put on fat decreased. No set formula can be given, for sows vary to a great extent in their milking tendencies, but the aim should be to keep her at a constant weight and in health. From six to eight sows and their litters can be carried on an acre of pasture for six weeks and the saving in grain is a very material one, ranging from $20 to $30 per acre at the present prices for feed. POULTRY CONSULTING DEPARTMENT ii -aaE z HE "Keep a Hen" "Keep a hen" has been adopted by Michigan's food campaigners as one of their watchwords. "Poultry," according to Prof. C. II. Burgess of the Michigan Agricultural College's poultry department, "offer the quickest possible means for in creasing the meat supply. There is nothing on the farm or about the home which can be developed into a source of meat and food so immedi ately as a flock of hens. Pullets can be brought to a laying condition in four months time, and cockerels can be marketed when four weeks of age. There is no other animal on the farm which is able to convert so much waste material into meat. "If every family living on the out skirts of our larger cities, or in our small towns and villages would keeD a few hens, the food wonld be much lowered through the resulting . in crease in egg production. "Droppincrs from the table, instead of going into the garbage can, would by passing through the hen be con verted into an article of food of the highest quality. A well-bred hen will S reduce on the average about ten ozen eggs a year, and for the small Hard to Fit! Let us Prove Thio to You If you will select a style from our showing of 100 new and different models, and let us tailor the garments for you according to your own mea surements and specifications It's Dollaro to Doughnuts that you will secure a perfect fit the garments will look as if they belong to you they'll FIT. slender or stout the Edesco in top notch style, too. 018 up flock which derives its maintenance from the food left-overs of the family, a clear gain of at least two dollars per head could be realized. Some flocks will do better than this. Ten hens will keep an average family in eggs for a year, and produce a few extra for sale. A hen needs but a 1 sqaure rod of yard space. A back yard three rods by (our rods will keep I ten hens. A piano box will furnish all the necessary shelter, and clip- pings from the lawn mower all the green food required." Good Roads Department Conducted Especially for the Banner by Hon. P. T. Colgrovc, President of the Michigan Good Roads Association. . State Road Legislation (Continued from Last Week) Mr. Cany reipeaenting the attor ney general's office, undertook the task of amending the Covert Bill along the lines suggested by the commissioner and spent much time and effort in its preparation. At a conference held in the Gover nor's office attended by the Governor, State Highway Commissioner, Mr. Carr, of the attorney - general's . de- Eartment, your president, and mem ers of committees of tht House and Senate on roads and bridges, this bill was discussed, as well as a bill which had been prepared and late in the session introduced, known as the Penny-Covert-Bryant bill. The amendments to the Covert Act seemed satisfactory to the state high way commissioner, the attorney gen eral's department, and to both branches of the legislature, and was passed, as amended, unanimously. The bill known as the renny-ov-ert-Byrant Act was brought up the Inst week of the session and failed of passage in the senate by one vote. This latter bill followed the macnin erv nf thft Covert Act. the clan of nsspssmpnts remaininc the same. The most important feature, however, per- . 1 A il. i I 1 1 lainea u ine issuing oi uunus. Under the Covert Act, bonds are issued by the townships. Under the Penney-Covert-Bryant Act, all bonds wfr to ho issued bv the board of supervisors, and assessments collect ed by the county treasurer. Our highways constructed in coun ties nnoVr th countv svstem uDon which the state pays awards are no lnntrpr townshin roads, but under the law are taken over by the counties, properly named and designated, and are maintained, not uy me wwiismj), hnf hv Via rotintv. In other words these roads belong to the county and not to the townships, and no longer remain a township charge for up keep. m It has been urged, in view oi me fact that where bonds are issued to build such highways, they should be ieatifvl hv thp hoard of SUDervisors of the county in which they are lo cated, and thus find a ready market at a low rate of interest. It is to be greatly fegretted that Vonr! issued under the Covert Act have not found a ready market. Dur ing !ia venr 1916 the work of road construction petitioned for under this act was greatly retarded, uur state highway commissioner was embar rassed in riding a market for these bonds and hence was not able to ac complish the work laid out while many petitioners in various counties and townships were greatly disap pointed. . in view oi tne iact, mttt ruuus mo tioned for under this act whose con tmrtinn would cost a million and a half dollars and more, have been filed with the state highway department and are now pending, it was deemed advisable by all concerned to amend the Covert Act and save to the peo ple and to the state the roads so pe- tiuonea ior, u possiDie. Agricultural Department Conducted by C. W. Pellett Agricultural Teacher in Belding High School Effects of Subsoiling When a soil is broken into lumps. lying loosely together, and these be come filled with water, each one be haves in a measure much as if it were standing by itself and much as a lnmn nf sucar would, Dluncred into water and then withdrawn, coming forth with its pores practically filled with water. In short columns' of soil, like the lumps, the surface films. of water which span their capillary pores are strong enougn 10 maintain their whole interior nearlv full of water, drainage being largely confined to these passageways and cavities which have larger capiuary aimen- sions. If a dozen strands of candle-wick- ing, two feet long, are twisted togeth er, saturated in a basin of water, and then held horizontally from the two ends to drain, more water will be re tained than if it is allowed to sag into a loop and drainage from itwill be still more complete when hanging from one end. So it is with long continuous columns of soil; from them tho drainage is more complete than from shorter ones. When large open spaces have been formed in a soil, by any means, as is the cast in subsoiling, every such cav ity cuts off tho capillary connection with the unstirred Soil below and above and inthis way reduces tho number of capillary passageways by which water may rise to the surface. This being true, when rains fall upon subsoiled ground, water travels down ward quite slowly until after it has become capillarly saturated and, if tho rain is not enough to over-saturate the layer, the whole will be re tained. On the other hand, when the sub- The Spitting Habit Do you thoughtlessly or intention ally spit upon the sidewalks and pave ments? If so stop it! It is a filthy and vulgar habit Why should you mutilato the ap pearance of "your town? Besides being a disgusting sight to every passerby, this is one of the most prolific means of spreading dis ease germs. No ono who has a de- State Fair Premium List The Banner is in receipt of a limit ed number of premium lists from the state fair to be held at Detroit Au guest 31 to September 9. If you are interested in getting one of these premium books apply at the Banner office at once, before the supply is exhausted. , It is unwise to judge a man by the criticism of his enemies. Only his friends can properly denounce him. Attorneys representing bonding houses in Detroit have steadfastly maintained the, unconstitutionality of the Covert Act and have refused to recommend the purchase of bonds issued thereunder. This fact .. has greatly embarrassed the department and resulted in the failure to con struct many miles of road petitioned for. - ... , ,. The attorney general's department maintained that all objections to the Covert Act have been removed by amending and that the bill now enact ed into law will serve the purpose for which it was originally placed upon the statute books. Justice Fellows, now on the su preme court bench, but formerly at torney general of the state of'Michi- Sin, filed an opinion, in which he held e Covert Act constitutional before the 1917 amendments were made which fact, together with the opinion of the present attorney general holding the same constitutional, ought to remove any and all objections to the of bonds under the provisions of this law. It is to be hoped that if furth er objections are made a test case will be brought and the supreme court will settle for all time the constitutional ity of this act. The people have demonstrated the fact that this law is the most popular Good Koads law the legislature ever placed upon our statute books. The history of this much talked of law is perhaps not generally understood, even by the Good Koads boosters of Michigan. Seven years ago at our annual meeting, your president suggested the building of roads on the assessment plan, according to benefits following the drain law. He pointed out how districts should be formed, taking in all lands benefited by the improve- The secretary of the Ohio federa tion being present, and one of the speakers on our program had a long conference with your president re garding such a law, suggesting many ways by which it might become a workable law and result in the con struction of many miles of highways that would otherwise remain unim proved. Mr. Taylor returned to Ohio and organized a committee of the Ohio federation to work out the plan. A bill was drafted and passed by the legislature of that state and given immediate effect. Mr. Jesse Taylor, but a few months before his death, informed the writer that more than 25,000 miles of road had beep built in the state of Ohio, under and by virtue of this law. Ohio took from Michigan the basic principles for this statute, and Michi gan made it into a law through the Covert Act, which we believe and hope will be the agency of building as many roads for .Michigan as the Braum law is responsible for in Ohio. This is another illustration of team work, the force and effect of organiza tion. The Michigan State Good Roads federation are the parents of the law, the legislature of each of the states giving it-force and effect (To Be Continued) soiled layer has once become dry, the poor connection with the firmer ground below and its open texture makes it impossible for tne moisture to rise through it to the surface as rapidly as it could through a more compact layer. It is clear, from these relations, that when the root system of a crop once develops through the subsoiled layer it may then act as a mulch of great thickness and increase the yield; but should a crop fail to get its roots below the subsoiled layer before the moisture becomes too scanty then a dimished yield might be the result even with an abundance of water below. When rain enough has fallen upon an earth mulch or upon subsoiled ground to completely saturate th soU the balance of the water is then free to move rapidly downward through the large non-capiflary pores, urged by the strong force of gravity. Not only this, but, since the pores are many of them too large to be filled by the percolating streams, there is left easy egress for the soil-air, which must escape upward before the water can enter, and this does not retard percolation as it does in a compact soil. . x When a soil has been "made more open by subsoiling, and its capacity for holding water thereby increased this extra amount of water retained becomes wholly available to crops. It is known that there is a certain per cent of water in a soil which the roots of plants are unable to remove with sufficient rapidity to meet their needs and as this amount depends upon the size of the soil grains, which subsoiling does not alter, the increas ed percentage held becomes a clear gain to the crop. greo of civic pride, or a right con ception of "personal liberty" will in dulge in this dangerous practice. Many cities of Michigan have an anti-spitting ordinance and policemen are authorized to arrest any person who so offends public decency. It is to bo hoped that in other places tho public conscience may bo aroused to such an extent that offenders may bo brought to a reali7ation of their acts and bo restrained from further offense in this matter. THE SUM SCHOOL FOR LESSDi: JULY 1 SECURED EXCLUSIVELY BY THE BANNER FOR ITS MANY READERS ACCORDING TO THE INTERNATIONAL SERIES Text of the Lesson. Isa. vL 1-13 Memory Verses, 6-8 Golden Text Isa. vi, 8 Commentary Prepared by Rev. D. M. Stearns. This is a hard lesson about a des perately bad man, one of the very worst of the kings of Judah, of whom It Is said, "Thli Is that king Abas' terse 22). Manasseh may hare been worse In soma respects, but he repent ed, while of this man we read of no repentance. There were always some who t tared God, a Godly remnant, cad tha sixteen years of this man's rein cost have been a heartbreaking time for them, but no doubt a tlxna of hu miliation and unceasing prayer to God, and In doe time deliverance came, aa we shall see in our next lesson. . Days of trial are always timed of faith and patience on the part of God'a people, and the terrible days still be fore us, of which we are baring al ready some foretastes, will give great opportunity for the manifestation of such graces (Heb. vl, 12, 13; Iter. xUl, 10). AH life's story as well as all the Bible story Is either a manifestation of God or the devil, and so It will be until a king shall reign in righteous ness and peace and the devil bo shut up in the pit for a thousand years. It is written of Abaz that ho did not right in the sight of the Lord, but walked in the ways of the kings of Israel, and they, without exception, walked In tho steps of Jeroboam, son of Nebat, who made Israel to sin. - What Ahaz did that was wrong and desperately sinful Is qulto fully record ed In our lesson chapter and in II Kings xrl. lie burned Incense to other gods not only In Jerusalem, but in all the cities of JudaU and on the hills and under every green tree. He burn- ed his children In the fire like the heathen whom the Lord had cast out He leaned on the king of Assyria and worshiped the gods of the kings of Syria. He had an altar made like ono he saw in Damascus and put it in place of the brazen altar of the Lord and offered sacrifices upon it He took the great laver from off the brazen oxen which supported it and set it on a pavement of stones. He cut In pieces the vessels of the house of God and shut up the doors of the house of the Lord. It seemed as if he could not do enough to show his hatred of God and nis commandments. Yet ho had a good father, Jotham, who beams mighty because he prepared his ways before the Lord his God (xxvll, 0), and he had a good son, as we shall see in our. next lesson. In The Churches ST. JOSEPH'S CATHOLIC Mass every other Sunday at 8 a. m., every alternate Sunday at 10:30 a. m. Mass every week day at 7:30 a. m. Rectory residence, 409 South Bridge street Rev. John M. Zindler, Rector. nOLY TRINITY MISSION (Episcopal) Corner of Congress and Alderman streets. Hours of service Sunday: 10:30 a. m., morning service and holy communion. 12:00 (noon), Bible class and Sun day school. 7:00 p. m., evening service. Rev. Robt S. Nash, Priest-in-Charge. Free Methodist Church Sunday school, 10:00. Morning worship, 11:00 a. m. Ser mon by F. A. Puffer. Class meeting, 12:00. Frank Rauch's class leader. Evening service; 7:30. Mr. Puffer will also have charge of this service. Holiness meeting Tuesday evening, 7:30. Prayer service, Thursday evening, 7:30. J. Fred Iulg, Fastor. Church of Christ The Church of Christ will hold Sunday school and communion ser vice Sunday at 12:15 o'clock. Morning worship, 11:00 a. m. Class meeting, 12:00 o'clock. ui 00:0I 'looips jCcpung METHODIST Sunday, 10:00, class meeting: 10:30, morning service? 11:45, Sunday school; 3:00, Junior League; 6:30 Ep worth League; evening service at 7:30 p. m. Prayer meeting for young women In Philathca room and young men in Baraca room Tuesday evening at 7:30. Thursday evening at 7:30, general prayer meeting followed by , Bible study. W. E. Doty, Pastor. BAPTIST CHURCH Divine worship, 10:30 a. m.: Bible school at noon; B. Y. P. Y. 6:30 to 6:00 p. m.; evening service, 7:00 p. m.; prayer and praise meeting, Thursday evening, 7:30 covenant meeting, Thursday evening before the first Sunday: communion service, first Sunday of tho month. W, A. Biss, Pastor. LATTER DAY SAINTS Sunday school, 10:30 a. m. Preaching service, 11:30 a. m. Religious service, 7:30 p. m. Prayer meeting, 7:30 p. m., Wed nesday evening. J. D. Aelick, Pastor. CONGREGATIONAL Morning service at 10:30. Sunday school at 11:45. Y. P. S. C. E. at 6:45 and Junior C. E. at 3:00 p. m., evening service and sermon at 7:30. Prayer meeting Thursday evening. A. J. Blair, Pastor. CHURCH OF CHRIST Regular services on Sunday, 10:30 a. m. Worship and communion. 12:00 noon, Bible school; 6:30 p. xn.f senior C. E.; 7:30 p. mM evangelistic service. Mid-week Pjayer meeting and training class Thursday at 7:30 p. m. You are cordially im ited to all ser vices of the church. Chas. M, Pease, Pastor. CHRISTIAN SCIENCE Christian Science society, 106 S. Pleasant street Sunday morning service at 10:45. Sunday school at 11:45. Testimonial meeting every Wednes day evening at 7:30. Women In the War Delegates from fourteen states have come to Washington for a conference with the women's committee of the Council of .National . Defense.. This will be the first of a series of state group meetings for the discussion of organization plans in the work of mobilizing the women of America for war.", . - . . . There come .to us very f recently most, pathetic appeals . from mothers and other interested parties, telling of the shocking conditions around cer tain military camps where drink and licentiousness twin evils-- hold daily and nightly revels, and asking "if something cannot be done about it" As one mother expressed it "I would rather a thousand times that my son went to the bottom of the ocean un warned, but clean and pure, than to have him come back home polluted and tainted from drink and sensual ity." Thia cry from a motherc FARMERS Considering the present scarcity of farm help it be hooves you to use all the labor-saving TOOLS you can. Sulky Plows, Manure Spreaders and Corn and Bean Planters are a few of the tools we are sell ing at last year's prices. Don't wait until we are sold out. E. CHAPPLE CO. Still Bookiinig- Orders Every job of work done by us stands as a monument of-our ability to do concrete work right We are adding new names to our order list constantly. We do anything in the con crete construction line. Tine Two Jolninis John Zuwerink Phone 316 ATTRACTIVE HOMES City and Farm Property , We are offering one of the most completely modern homes in Belding, nine rooms, two toilets, bath, steam, heat, hot and cold water, soft water forced through the house by motor, fireplace in living room. This is one of the best locations in the city and but one block from Main streets and the business section of Belding. Garage on lot. " 8-ROOM HOUSE on Front street, electric lights, gas, city water, sewer connections, good garage, two lots, ex- cellent location and a bargain. 7- ROOM HOUSE near Central High School building, gas, lights, bath room complete, will make a fine home or investment proposition. , 8- ROOM HOUSE on the corner of Mary and Front streets, city water, electrics, gas, two fine lots. 8-ROOM HOUSE on Ionia street, furnace heat, city va-'-ter, bath, two inside toilets, electric lights, gas, will sell for part cash. Several fine farms in-Mecosta county, fine buildings. Can take city property in part. 80 ACRES IN BENZIE COUNTY. Will exchange for Belding home. UNIMPROVED LAND in Mecosta and Osceola counties. Will sell or exchange. Price sure to advance. W. E. LITTLE Manager Real Estate Department ' Sandell's Bank - - Belding, Michigan Office Phono 70 Residence 301 heart finds a ready response in the hearts of other mothers all over this country. We wish to assure our friends that for months we have worked to secure this legislation, the matter having been laid before the members of the Senate and House. When the Army bill was before the Senate amendments were introduced and passed by both houses. in VEAnS TO CODE It will be possible to enjoy life in old age if you look after the wel fare of your teeth while young. By our method of removing old roots and badly de cayed teeth, you need have no fear. Every day we have patients tell us they thought it impossible, but now they know it can be done. We use no drugs to produce unconscious ness and without the bad after ef fects of the old method. For the past five years, we have been mak ing full sets of teeth without cov ering roof of mouth. We need none of the 'natural teeth for attach ment Call and see testimonials of those who know. C. D. Owens, Ine Dentists. Pra. Jarvis & Janria, 106 Monroe, opposite Herpol sheimer's. Open on Tues. and Sat evenings only. " Closed Sun days. Both phones. John Cornilisse 116 S. Bridge St.