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WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 8, 1917
T7 A T"fc n n r n ivi ORCHARD Fertilize Soil by Keeping Livestock The yield, of Michigan's crops in the future, in tho opinion of Prof, George A. Drown, ot the beef hus bandry department of 'the Michigan Agricultural college, will be great or small only as the number of Michi gan livestock is increased or decreas ed. Therefore, in pushing crop pro duction, he adds, an equal effort should be exerted towards enlarging Michigan's herds of beef cattle and swine and its flocks of sheep. The maintenance of soil fertility and the v extent of the beef supply will both of them, he believes, hinge upon this. "Maintenance of soil fertility ? in Michigan, a fact of much moment if Michigan is to do its best in produc tion, will be possible in the state on ly of our livestock population is in creased," declared the animal hus bandry man. "Yet despite this fact, the extreme prices commanded by grain and provender, and the rela tively poor outlook for the hay crop, are causing the sale of much young stock. In other words, in the face of the call for more livestock, the tendency is towards a decrease of what we have. If there ever was a time in Michigan's agricultural his tory when young stock should be grown out to the limit, it is the present Of course the immediate reason for this may be found in the demand for meat, but there is at the same time a not so immediate but an equally important consideration that of maintaining soil fertility. , liountiful crops in years to come will f only be possible provided livestock is conserved. "To appreciate this fully it is only necessary to consider the immense amount of. fertlity which is sold in the various crops. The importance of feeding out every animal possible can then be realized. "An acre 01 oats' yielding fifty bushels of grain, by way of illustra tion, will remove from the soil in grain alone approximately 31.G8 pounds of nitrogen, 13.9G pounds of phosphoric- acid and 8.96 pounds of potash. To replace this amount of fertility by the use of commercial fertilizer would cost less than $6.84, even at the price prevailing three years ago. .HELPING HIGH SCHOOL Fall mm Jpi I it Offers Fine Complete Courses Leading to Diploma: College Preparatory Course General Course English Course Agricultural Course Commercial Course Domestic Art Course Teacher's Review Course Well Equipped Laboratories Library of 2,000 Volumes ' Teachers who are Specialists Live Stuclent Organizations V A Helpful Atmosphere of Work and Study For Circular of Information Address the Superintendent, J. A. Langston or Secretary Fred L. Warner Later something will be said about the Payment of tuition under the new law ALL STUDENTS SHOULD ENROLL HIID CLASSIFY 0!J OR BEFORE AUGUST 31-SEPTEUBEB 1 A TV. T T i in "Cut an acre of corn yielding 100 baskets, or fifty bushels of shelled corn, removes still greater quanti ties of plant food. The grain alone contains 45.36 pounds of nitrogen, 19.32 pounds of phosphoric acid, and 11.2 pounds of potash, having a fer tilizer value of $6.69. The fertiliz ing ingredients in a ton of clover hay have a value of $9.36. "When these figures are : thought fully considered, every farmer will readily see that he cannot afford to sell all he raises, Rather he should devote only a set area to a cash crop and make it a fixed policy to feed the remainder of his crops. The rea son for this lies in the fact that only a very small percentage of the fer tilizing ingredients of a feed are ex tracted by animals. It is safe to say that where manure , is carefully handled, fully eighty per cent of the fertility value of a feed finds it way back to the soil. Figuring on this basis, an acre of oats would remove from the farm $5.47 worth of fertil ity, an acre of corn $7.75 worth of fertility, and a ton of clover hay $7.84 worth of fertility, if it isn't 'fed to stock. v "When we consider accordingly that for each bushel of oats fed we get back eleven cents worth of fer tility, for each bushel of corn fifteen and one-half cents worth of fertility, and for each ton of clover hay $7.84 worth of fertility in the form of barnyafd manure, the advisability of raising more livestock, becomes ap parenteven though part of the feed must be purchased. "The protein-rich feeds, which are the ones most economical to buy, have a much greater fertility value than the home-grown feeds. The fertilizing value of the manure ob tained from the feeding of a ton of bran is $6.84, from a ton of linseed meal $17.85; and from a ton of cot tonseed meal $23.70. Both of the last named feeds can be fed in com bination with home-grown feeds and a profit obtained on the livestock pro duced, to say nothing of the fact that the manure resulting from their feeding is practically equal in value to a ton of many brands of commer cial fertilizer." .1 ? 1 ' Agricultural 'Departemet Conducted by C. W. Plltt Agricultural Teacher . in BelJing High School The Story of the Guernsey Cow It is to be regretted in attempting to trace the improvement that has been made in Guernsey cattle that space will not allow the portrayal of the many interesting and vital con ditions that have contributed to the settlement and development of the wonderful island Guernsey The Home of the Breed The group to which this island be longs known as the Channel, or at one time called Aldemey Isles, has had a most important place in the history of the civilization of the world. Their insular position, separated as they are from England and the continent by those bits of silvery, sea. danger ous of approach, well fortified, it is no wonder we find there a sturdy and self-reliant race of people. Guernsey points with pride to Jersey that she was never conquered, while Jersey has never forgiven her sister for be ing a few miles nearer the London market.; It is to these two islands that breeders of dairy cattle owe much for the foundation of the two breeds of cattle, so well known as producers of dairy products of the highest quality. The Island of Guernsey is nine by thirteen miles, comprising 15,000 acres, on which there are 45,000 people and practically all dependent on the soil and agricultural work for a living. With the exception of Al derney, the Island of Guernsey lies in the most exposed position, just where the waters of the Atlantic ocean and North sea are vying with each other for supnremacy. Professor Low in writing of the Island cattle in general in the early part of the century, uses the term Al demey and speaks of them as "Orange, fawn and white, with a darker shade of head and neck, with a white switch." Essentially a Guernsey of the modern day. That the cattle of the Islands are much alike orginally is not to be doubted. ' Unquestionably the divergence came when the Jerseymen, skilled and persistent in breeding, sought to give the English fancier a cow to grace the lawns of the English es tate. "He succeeded with rich re ward. The Guernsey man, with his conservation, had faith in the yellow and white cow. To him, hi3 was the 8 ! Us "1 ' THE BELDIIJG DANNEB MAGAZINE SECTION farmer's cow with golden skin anu quiet temper. , It is known that as early as 1789 measures were taken against impor tation of stock to- the Islands. In 1819 more stringent laws were enact ed, and importation of live cattle, ex cept for slaughter, was prohibited. It was then that the Islanders isolat ed themselves from the cattle king dom and began their zealous work o improvement. Under such conditions, what would you- naturally think-you would find the characteristics, of the Guernsey to . be? Nothing but lessons of gentleness milked, cared for, tether ed, and led to drink by women and children. Pasture nearly the entire year, roots, hay, oil cake and oats, little or no heating or heavy foods. These conditions have contributed as a noble foundation for the enlight ened dairymen of succeeding ages to deal with. In 1818 Reuben Haines of German town, Pennsylvania, brought some Guernseys to the United States. - So fas as is known this is the earliest introduction of the breed to America and it is to be regretted, that no re cords of this lot or its descendants were available as foundation stock when th,e herd register was estab lished. In 1833 the captain of a sailing vessel that called at the Island was so much impressed w.;h the fine qual ity of the cattle, that he brought to the port of Doston three head, a bull and two heifers. These were sent to his brother on what is now known as Cow Island, Lake Winnipesaukee, New Hampshire. Through the care fully kept diary records of - an elderly gentleman we were able to trace this importation to the custom records, and there, owing to tho great Boston fire in the 70'sf the record was lost. About 1840 some of the older fam ilies around Philadelphia had Guern seys in their private dairies. These having given such good satisfaction, the Fowlers, about 1865, brought over some for sale in the city. In 1872 Mr. James M. Codman, of Rrookline, Massachusetts, President Emeritus of the American Guernsey Cattle Club, went, to me Channel Is lands with the object of investigating the two leading breeds there. Es pecially admiring the color and char acter of the dairy products of Guern sey, he selected and imported a small herd. This lot and their products so attracted the members of the Massa chusetts Society for Promoting Agriculture that Mr. Codman', one of the members, went and purchased an other lot the following year, and these importations founded the herds of Messrs. 'Codman, Perkins, Bow ditch, Lawrence and others. It is in teresting here to note that the de scendants of these herds are still to be found on the estates of these gentlemen and that the heirs into whose hands the care of the cattle has fallen are all zealous admirers of the breed and actively promoting its welfare. From the work of these cows some Connecticut gentlemen were intro duced to send a party to make a selec tion on the Island. For many years these cattle were jealously guarded on private estates, where the owners did not desire to push their herds from a breeders' standpoint. Having ample opportun ity for selling their surplus, little at tempt was made for public recogni tion. POULTRY CONSULTING DEPARTMENT .J Gapes Can you tell me what to do for my little chick3? I think they have the gapes. They will stretch their necks and open their bills every few min utes. I can hear them make a noise after they go to their sleeping quart ers, like sneezing. Some of them die. Can you tell me what to do? Mrs. A. M. S. In eradicating gapes, it is import ant to isolate all affected birds, so that the worms and eggs coughed up or voided in excrement may not be eaten by other chickens or contamin ate the food and water. All dead birds should be burned, and those not having the disease should be allowed to run on fresh land on which there has been on poultry for several years. The food troughs and water dishes should be frequently scalded and the coop disinfected. ' Potassium perman ganate should be used in the drinking water to sterilize it. One or two tea spoonfuls of a stock solution is suffi cient for ten quarts of water. The individual surgical method seems to be the only euro way of rid ding an infested bird of these para sites. This can be done with a small quill feathef which has been stripped with the exception of a small tuft at the end, and which after moistening with turpentine should be introduced carefully into tho trachea, turned around and withdrawn. This will usu ally displace a large number of worms in the trachea, but care must betaken not to injure tho delicate lining of the air passages. This diease is often fatal in chick ens from one to four weeks old. In older chickens and hens it will not produce fatal results, but such birds aro a source of infection. Wet clay soils are especially favorable to the gape worms, and they thrive best in warm wet weather. To Produce Better Eggs Keep male from hens except during breeding season. Gather eggs carefully in warm weather twice daily. Keep nests free from filth and pro vide plenty of them. ' Market eggs twice a week if pos sible. Never wash eggs, it destroys their keeping qualities. Store away from vegetable cellar, musty grain, oils, etc. "Did you ever notice how every body crowds old Van Grouch when ever he plays golf? Is his game so wonderful?" "No, but hia vocabulary is." St. Louis Post-Dispatch, THE SUNDAY SCHOOL .12 ACCORDING TO THE INTERNATIONAL SERIES Text of the Lesson, II Chron. xxxiv, 1-13 Memory Verses, 2, 3--Golden Text, Eccles. xii, 1 Commentary Prepared by Rev. D. M. Stearns. We have como to tbo record of the last good king who reigned over Judah, and while Isaiah and Mlcah were the prophets during the reign of Ilezekiah, Jeremiah began to prophesy in the thir teenth year of Josiah (Isa. 1, 1; Mlc. LI; Jer. 1, 2). Every good prophet, priest and king points onward to the Lord Jesus who when on earth was the prophet like unto Moses, speaking Just what the Father told him; who is now our great high priest within the veil, ever living to make Intercession for us; and who when He comes again shall bo the, true king of Israel, reigning In righteousness, a priest upon his throne, and wo shall bo Ills associates and Joint heirs, the twelve apostles ruling over the twelve tribes of Israel (Deut xviil, 18, 19; John xll, 49, W; Heb. vii, 21-27; Jer. xxlli, 5, C; Zech. vi, 12, 13; Itev. i, 5, C; v, 0, 10; Luke xxil, 28-30). What a glorious future to keep ever beforo us, to weon us from all present entanglements and enable us to run with patience the race set before us! (Ileb. xil, 12.) As Josiah was power less, even with the help of Jeremiah, to effectually stem tho tldo of ever in creasing iniquity, wo may not expect" to do more than he did in the last years of his age, to which we have come. Jeremiah was a prophet of tho Lord during the last forty years pre ceding tho Judgment upon Judah (the last eighteen of Joslah's reign and the twenty-ttfo of the four bad kings who succeeded him), and. we may bo within a good deal less than forty years of tho end of this evil age, which will end with a time like the days of Noah and Lot (Luko xvil, 20-30). Wo can only do as Josiah and Jeremiah did, and that Is le faithful to God as He gives us time and opportunity. It Is profitable to compare tho reigns of Joash and Josiah (II Chron. xxlv), the two boy kings, but Josiah did better than Joash, thoush he did not reign as long. To do right in the sight of tho Lord, turning neither to the right hand nor to tho left (lesson versos 1, 2), is a good summary of a godly llfo and reminds of the Lord's message to Abram after the thirteen years blank In his history, "I am the Almighty God; walk before Me and bo thou perfect" (Gen. xvl, 10; xvil, 1). In The Churches ST. JOSEPH'S CATHOLIC Mass every other Sunday at 8 a. m., every alternate Sunday at 10:30 a. m. Mass every week day at 7:30 a. m. Rectory residence, 409 South Bridge street. Rev. John M. Zindler, Rector. HOLY TRINITY MISSION (Episcopal) Corner of Congress and Alderman streets. Hours of service Sunday: 10:30, morning service. 12:00, Sunday school. 7:30, evening service. Rev. Robt S. Nash, Priest-in-Charge. Free Methodist Church Sunday school, 10:00. Morning worship, 11:00. Class meeting, 12:00. Mr. Frank Rauch, class leader. Evening service, 7:30. Sermon by Mr. F .A. Puffer. Holiness nutting, Tuehday even ing. 7:30. Prayer service, Thursday evening, 7:30. You are invited. J. Fred Iulg, Pastor. Church of Christ The Church of Christ will hold Sunday school and communion ser vice Sunday at 12:15 o'clock. Morning worship, 11:00 a. m. Class meeting, 12:00 o'clock. Sunday school, 10:00 a. m. METHODIST . Sunday, 10:00, class meeting: 10:30, morning sertice; 11:45, Sunday school; 3:00, Junior League; 6:30 Ep worth League; evening service at 7:30 p. m. Prayer meeting for young women In Philathea room and young men in Raraca room Tuesday evening at 7:30. Thursday evening at 7:30, general prater meeting followed by Bible study. W. E. Doty, Pastor. LATTER DAY SAINTS Sunday school, 10:30 a. m. Preaching service, 11:30 a. m. - Religious service, 7:30 p. m. Prayer meeting, 7:30 p. m, Wed nesday evening. J. D. Aehck, Pastor. CHRISTIAN SCIENCE - Christian Science society, 106 S. Pleasant street. Sunday morning service at 10:45, Sunday school at 11:45. Testimonial meeting every Wednes day evening at 7:30. ' baptist cnuRcn Divine worship, 10 :30 a. ra.j Bible school at noon; B. Y. P. Y; 6:30 to 6:00 p. m.; evening service, 7:00 p. m.; prayer and praiso meeting, Thursday evening, 7:30: covenant meeting, Thursday evening beforo tho first Sunday: communion service, first Sunday of the month. W. A. Biss, Tastor. CHURCH OF CHRIST Regular services on Sunday, 10:30 a. m. Worship and communion. 12:00 noon, Bible school; 6:30 p. m., senior C. E.; 7:30 p. m., evangelistic service. Mid-week Fjaycr meeting and training class Thursday at 7:30 p. m. You are cordially invited to all ser vices of the church. Chas. M. Tease, Pastor. SSO 0 Hi CONGREGATIONAL Morning service at 10:30. Sunday school at 11:45. Y. P. S. C. E. at 6:4.5 and Junior C. E. at 3:00 p. m., evening service and sermon at 7:30. Prayer meeting Thursday evening. A. J. Blair, Pastor. How Dumas Avenged An Insult When Alexander Dumas, the French novelist, was a young man he was grieviously insulted by a man motor vehicles to every mile of road. Everyone expected him to punish the offender severely but, instead he be gan looking out for him with more consideration, and apparent friendli ness than he had ever xhnwn hfnr At length, three years later, when the ersiwnne mend was to be married the novelist was asked to serve as best man and did so. When the ceremony was over and the guests were leaving someone re marked to Dumas: "I have nffpn wondered at your kindness to this man. surely yours is a remarkably forgiving nature for, although he in sulted you grossly, you have assid uously looked out for his happiness ever since and even assisted him in getting married." "Quite right, ansewered Dumas. "I flatetr myself that I have given the fellow the moat furious and Ivrv-ovd mother-in-law to be found in France." Autoist I dreamed last. niVVif. that. the price of gasoline was cut in two. His Friend See a doctor .old man. To get such queer ideas shows your mma is going. unicago Mews. FARMERS We have, 2 Walter A. Wood Mowers; 2 Binders, and 2 Hay Rakes that will be sold at Bargain prices. Don't wait until they are sold. Try'the "LAY or BUST DRY MASH" they don't "Bust" but they LAY. E. CHAPPLE CO. IT IS SPEAKING FOR ITSELF Our work along the. streets of Belding is a good salesman. It is getting us new orders daily. We have been in the concrete construction business all our lives and know how. The Twp Johns John Zuwerink Phone 316 ATTRACTIVE HOMES City and Farm Property We are offering one of the most completely modern homes in Belding", nine rooms, two toilets bath, steam heat, hot and cold water, soft water forced through the house by motor, fireplace in living room. ' This is one of the best locations in the city and but one block from Main streets and the business section of Belding. Garage on lot. 8-ROOM HOUSE on Front street, electric lights, gas, city water, sewer connections, good garage, two lots ex cellent location and a bargain. . 7- ROOM HOUSE near Central High School building, gas, lights, bath room complete, will make a fine home or investment proposition. 8- ROOM HOUSE on the corner of Mary and Front streets, city water, electrics, gas, two fine lots. 8-ROOM HOUSE on Ionia street; furnace heat, city wa terbath, two inside toilets, electric lights, gas, will t sell for part cash. Several fine farms in Mecosta county, fine buildings. Can take city property in part. 80 ACRES IN BENZIE COUNTY. Will exchange for Belding home. UNIMPROVED LAND in Mecosta and Osceola counties. Will sell or exchange. Price sure to advance. W. E. LITTLE Manager Real Estate Department Sandeir Bank - - Belding, Michigan Office Phone 70 Residence 301 . page csvnri. "Charley, dear," exclaimed Mrs. Torkins, "here's a book that says, '.Uneasy lies the head that wears a crown" "It't perfectly true, isn't it?" "Of course. But wasn't it just a trifle silly for any monarch to go to bed with his crown on in the first place?" Washington Star. YEARS TO GOr.lE It will be possible to enjoy life in old age if you look after the wel fare of your teeth while young. By our method of removing old roots and badly de cayed teeth, you need have no fear. Every day we have patients tell us they thought it impossible, but now they know it can be done. We use no drugs to produce unconscious ness and without the bad after ef fects of the old method. For the past five years, we have been mak ing full sets of teeth without cov ering roof of mouth. We need none of the natural teeth for attach ment. Call and see testimonials of those who know. C. D. Owens,' Inc., Dentists. Drs. Jarvis & Jarvis, 106 Monroe, opposite Herpol sheinier's. Open on Tues, and Sat. evenings only. Closed Sun days. Both phones. John Cornilisse 116 S. Bridge St.