SHORT COURSES OPEN YOUNG f.lEN WANTED
i AT U. A. C. MONDAY; FOR ARMY SIGNAL CORPS
Kit for the Navy Lads
tl Abuut OurTnttin AnHlti PODlt
Harold Gais returned home to Dt
Mrs. Amiei Ferrick spent the day
in Lowell Saturday.
Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Bradshaw return
cd from Gowan Saturday.
Miss Doris Mulholland returned
home to Trufant Saturday.
Mrs. Lyle Fox went to Vickeryville
Monday to visit her sister.
Mr. and Mrs. George E. Laws visit
ed in Allegan during the holidays.
' Edward Belding and family were in
Smyrna Saturday to spend the day.
Charles Warden of Carson City was
the guests of friends in this city over
Mrs. Frank Klock and Miss Marvel
Klock spent the day in Grand Rapids
Friday. ' ' 1 '
- Shirley Wright has been spending
the week with relatives in Grand
R. D. Hubbard of Cincinnati spent
Christmas with his father, George
Miss Ruth Smith left Thursday for
a visit with friends and relatives in
Mrs. A. E. Irwin went to Edmore
for a few days' visit with her daugh
Charles Hill of Lake Odessa was
the guest of his mother, Mrs. Kate
Mrs. G. M. Blett returned to Grand
Rapids Saturday. She is residing
there this winter.
Mr. and Mrs. Claude Conant left
Saturday for a short visit with her
people in Lake Odessa.
George Batchelor of Pontiac has
been the guest of his brother, A. B.
Batchelor. He came Thursday.
Mrs. Dainel McMahon and daugh
ter, Ruth, left Friday for a visit In
Big Rapids with her brother, Lee.
Mrs. Flossie Benson and children of
Lansing came Friday, the guests of
her mother, Mrs. Addie Whitford.
Carl Shindorf, who had been visit
ing friends and relatives here for a
few days, returned to Flint Monday.
Mrs. Ray Waldo left Monday to
visit her parents in Alpena, this be
ing her first visit there in two years.
Mrs. Byron Soules left Friday for
Dimondale, where sKe was called on
account of the illness of her husband.
Mrs. Albert Swartz returned to
Hastings Saturday. She had been the
guest of her sister, Mrs. Lem Tower.
Mrs. Allan J. Blair' left Saturday
for Jackson where she will visit a few
days and then go to Chatham, Ont.,
to visit at her old hme. She expects
to be gone ten days.
Mr. and Mrs. Gut II. Smith return
ed Thursday from Carson City where
M. A;C.'s annual mid-winter short 1 Editor Banner:
courses h agriculture and the kindred
indu.Urio will open at the college on
Monday, January 7,and will continue
without! pause until March 2. Usu
ally theff courses are simply a means
whereby individuals who have neither
the time nor the inclination to give
four years to college work can in
eight weeks pick up the practical
points in agriculture, dairying, horti
culture, poultry and a number of oth
er subjects, but they will this winter
serve as well as a training school
where young Michigan, if it chooses,
can learn a number of necessary les
sons about wartime farming.
This department of the college's
work is under the direction of Ashley
M. BerrUge. to whom requests for
in formation can be addressed.
New War Devices Suggested
Since the war began inventors
have beea busy thinking up new de
vices and new methods of making
warfare ore terrible and destructive.
The creation of th naval advisory
board soma time ago for the purpose
of investigating and passing upon
suggestions for making our navy
more formidable and effective has
stimulated their activity materially
Numerous suggestions are being of
fered to the advisory board and to the
navy department and in addition to
these the army board of ordnance and
fortifications receives an average of
about 300 a month.
Most of the plans offered are fan
tastic, freakish and impossible of. be
ing put into practice but there are
many wbicn contain germs oi valu
able ideas and are therefore fully de
serving of investigation and study.
Many such ideas are now being con
sidered and tested.
An interesting suggestion that has
been offered by Bernard MacDonald,
a minine engineer of I'asadena, is to
have the government set an augment
ed U. S. army at work on the con
struction of a concrete military high
way, 50 feet wide, entirely around the
country. He would have it built 50
miles inland in order that it might be
immune from the shells of hostile bat
tleships and at regular intervals
along the road he would have tele
phone stations established, to provide
rapid communication between differ
ent sections and enable forces to be
rapidly and intelligently handled to
defend the country most efficiently.
Another plan, somewhat similar,
proposes the construction of a rail
road along our coasts, with powerful
fortifications built at certain strategic
points and points considered to be
most open to attack. Powerful, long
range guns would be mounted on car
riages designed to run over these
roads. It an enemy fleet menaced
any point on the coast, refense guns
could be rushed there by rail to sup
plement the regular coast-defense
position behind tne
puns. 1-rom a
they were called to attend the funeral defenses built for them, they could b(
of a relative. used with telling effect against the
MUa Tiarron. wlo was the Christ-1 enemv. This plan, it appears, is a
mas guest of her sirter, Mrs. Marion
Case, returned to Grand Rapids
valuable one for it offers a feasible
method for defending our coasts, a
feature of the national defense which
Mrs. Caroline Gxis went to Detroit traugnt witn many cimicuiues any
Friday to remain during the winter which if adequately provided for in
with her son, Fred. Her grandson, the usual way would cost an enormous
Elton Gais, retumd with her and his amount of money. .
father and will g to Niagara Falls, One inventive genius suggests the
New York, where he resides. erection of batteries of great oil tanks
tv ii ' r r n i at various points along the coasts.
Joshua Fuller. of Oakley and his p. y'be laid from these, run
sister, Mrs. L. CMorrow of Walker, underground and along the floor
Minnesota, were n the city Thursday of he a int 10 to 2o miles
on business comected with the es- f ghore Powerfui pumps would
tato of their fatler, the late W illiam l) provided to force 'crude oil through
duller, j the pipes whenever desired. When a
Ray McConneil was home from j hostile fleet appeared in the waters
Custer for a day or two last week, j jn the r.eighborhood of the terminus
He states this vill be his last visit j0f the oil pipe the pumps would be
here for sometime. He also visited i started, and presto! the enemy's ves
ih, Big Rapids, Lakeview and Grand S(is wotld be surrounded by a hcav
Rapids. i film of oil. When all was in readi-
Miss Jessie Verner. who had been ness an aviator floating at a safe dis
home from Bijr Rapids to visit her
parents, Mr. ani Mrs. Henry Werner,
Mrs. A. Ileminger, who had been
here the guest of her daughters, Mrs.
Mary Ward an! Mrs. Ed. Hilton, re
turned home to Howard City, Friday.
Mr. and Mr O. D. Blanchard, who
had been the puest of their daughter,
Mrs. Earl Wison, returned to Cas
Mrs. Tillie Pierson returned to
Grand Rapids Saturday. She had
been here visiting her parents, Mr.
and Mrs. Arbackle.
John Doovin, who had been home
from Camp Custer to spend a day or
two with his father, returned Satur
day. Ho is erthusiastic over his work
in military life and is looking remark
ably well. ,
Master Otto Christensen of Lake
view is visitin? his grandparents, Mr.
and Mrs. M. J. Deitz. He came Sat
urday. Mrs. Lawrence D. Ailing, who had
been visitinr her mother, Mrs. W. H.
Shaw a fev days, returned home to
Grand Rapils Saturday.
Charles Murray, Art Clingensmith j
and Ernest Chase went to Detroit
Friday to' bring back three Dodge
cars for the Murray garage.
tanco above would drop incendiary
bombs into the oil which would be fir
ed. The men in the fdiips would be
scorched and suffocated and sufficient
head mfoht even be generated to ex
plode thu vessel's magazines, the ori
ginator of the idea believes.
Barb-wire entanglements have
been used to a considerable extent in
the present war and they have proved
to be very formidable and effective
for refense purposes. A new form of
shell, loaded with chains and bnlls and
designed primarily to cut through
these entanglements has been propos
ed. Two weights, connected by a
chain, are inclpsed in a shell contain
ing an explosive so timed as to ex
plode a short distance before the
enemy's entanglements, according to
the inventor's plans. The whirling
chain, stretched by the weights, would
strike the wires with tremendous im
petus, cutting and tearing them down
as it went.
A tomedo designed to be automati
cally steered and controlled by the
sounds coming from the enemy ves
sel it is sent out to destroy is another
suggestion. At the forward end of
this torpedo would be placed delicate
receivers, or microphones, sensitive to
sounds nnder water. These would-be
so cTirrted with the mechanism in-
pide the torpedo as to steer and con
Itrol its course to follow changes in
ithe course of the latter. Theoretical
ly, it 'would 'travel Unerringly toward
Mrs. Ahin Harlan and sons, How
ard and Lj!e, who had been here sev-
i ,i.. .u nc I nr..
Frank Har.'an, returned home Friday. I source of the sounds, particularly
I those ff the enemy ships propeller,
v dlard Johnson, who was home jone of the most vulnerable and im-
v.ith his Pvople, "Vlr. and Mrs. U. C. portant possible points of nttack.
Tohnsnn, fr the Christmas week, re
turned to Big Rapids Monday, where
he is taking a course in the Ferris
Fred Squires of Rockford was in
the city Monday a guet of his sister,
Mrs. Fred Beckwith. He was on his
.way to Ionia, having business in the
proba to court.
Miss Mildred Soules, who has been
spending the Christmas vacation with
her people here, returned to her
school in Gaylord. Miss Soules says
she likes the position there very
Ralph Stackus of Manton, who had
been the guest of his brothers, Elmer
and Howard Stackus, left Monday for
Flint. Hi had been visiting his home
in Manton for several weks, since
the laying off of men in the factory
and is returning to work again.
Beautiful, glossy, healthy hair for
those who use Parisian Sage. Get a
bottle of this delightful hair invigor
ator from Wortley & French on guar
antee of satisfaction, or money back.
A submarine suggested by another
inventor would be provided with a
unique kind of a gun, mounted in such
a manner as to shoot a projectile ver
tically upward into the bottom of a
ship of the enemy. Through a tube
in the projectile an anesthetic gas
would be poured into the stricken ves
elt harmlessly rendering her crew insensible.
The roal of life is imminent in each
moment, each thought, word, act, and
does not have to be sought apart from
these. It consists in no specific ac
hievement, but the state of mind in
which everything is done, the quality
infused into existence. The function
of man is not to attain an object, but
to fulfill a purpose; not to accomplish
but to be accomplished. Stephen
Faith in your fellow men implies h
belief that down deep in the heart of
every man, nomewhere, is the germ of
goodncas. Your faith may be a vital
izing ray of sunshine, reaching that
! particluar germ. Elbert Hubbard.
Ihu letter is being ac! ressed to
you in an effort to secuiv your pa
triotic cooperation in the carrying out
of a huge educational campu'gn de
signed to train men who arc regist
ered in the draft for service in the
Signcl Corps branch of the army.
Tho Signal Corps of the United
States crmy is in urgent need of some
twenty thousand telegraphers and in
asmuch as the available supply has
already been practically exhausted, it
has become necessary to institute an
intensive campaign to supply the need
us new armies are being formed. -Western
Michigan's quota has been
set at 425 men. It will be necessary
to enroll a larger number than this
in order to secure the full quota be
cause of the fact that a certain per
centage will not secure placement in
the Signal Corps because of entering
other branches of the army or by be
ing disqualified for some other rea
son. The city of Grand Rapids has been
selected as the center to which regist
ered men likely to be included in
"Class I" of the . draft will be
brought from all over Western Michi
gan to be trained as telegraph operat
ors for service in the Signal Corps.
Grand Rapids being the metropolis
and recruiting headquarters of West
ern Michigan is particularly situated
to carry on this all important work.
An advisory committee of which the
city commissioner is chairman has
been appointed and has arranged a
cooperative plan whereby employ
ment may be secured by men from
outside the city in order that they
may support themselves while taking
advantage of this class of work.
High clas3 young men technically
inclined who are included in the draft
should be thoroughly interested in
this class of work because of the fact
that it will qualify them for "Prefer
red Service in a desirable branch
of the army, which 13 practically free
of trench duty. The. duty of the Sig
nal Corps is the transmission of in
formation between the various operat
ing units of the army by various sig
naling methods, the basis one being
the telegraph. Without an efficient
Signal Corps effective movement of
troops in the field would be practical-
this service should be of a high type
ly impossible. Young men who enter
and technically inclined because of
the confidential and technical nature
of the work. Signcl Corps work
should especially appeal to young
men interested in electical or tele
phone and telegraph industries. It
will afford them a chance to capitalize
the experience they have had and will
give them a line of experience in the
army that will be of material value
to them in after life. Signal Corps
service should be sought by such men
also because of the fact that the work
is largely individual and the number
of officers is larger in proportion to
privates than in most other branche3
of the army.
Verne H. Smiley,
Director U. S. Signal Corps School.
Salt Water and Fish
If a fresh-water creature, like
crawfish, is put into sea water
other water that is strongly saline in
character it dies. If, on the other
hand, an essentially salt-water crea
ture, such as a jellyfish, is put into
fresh water it also dies. Some have !
attributed such deaths to poisoning
by salt but science teaches that the
salt acts only through its "osmotic"
power; it does not really cause death
Creatures adapted and accustomed
to living in fresh water "dry up" or
shrivel when plunged into sea water.
This is particularly true where the
skin is thin and the organs under it
are delicate. The shriveling of the
lungs of course results in death from
asphyxiation. Conversely, when a
marine creature, saturated with salt,
is thrust into fresh water it swells up
so that its organs cannot function
Ticket Agent to War
Howard City. John D. Bailey, for
the past six years head telegraph
operator and ticket agent at the local
f tation, resigned to join the Railway
Battalion for early service in France
which will mobilize next week a
Mr. Bailey leaves Hovard City with
the best wishes of all. He is an ex
pert telegrapher and a capable rail
roader of mature years who leaves n
wife and two children to go to .the.
front. Mn. Bailey and children will
likely make their home with her par-
cnis ai Kiugeviue, Indiana.
When "Jack" Bailey arrives in
France the Huns will know he is on
Boys In Poolrooms
St. Johns. D. L. Hagerman, form
er agricultural teacher, who spent
Sunday in St. Johns said he wanted
to look up one of his boys and found
him in a poolroom. He said he found
a number of students when he was
here in the poolroom and that it seem
ed that the boys either went to col
lege and made a fine success, as many
St Johns boys have, or dropped their
ambitions to loaf around poolrooms.
Chris Was Generous
Greenyille Chris. Anderson bl
Miller's Station walked into the office
of the Greenville Independent a -few
days ago and said to the young ladj
at the desk, "Is this where you pay
money to the Red Cross?" The
young lady didn't know Chris and
was evidently afraid the money would
get away if she sent him down to the
Red Cross headquarters, so she said
"Yes." Chris threw down two dol
lars and the lady said: "A member
ship only costs one dollar." but Chris
grinned and said: "I guess a man can
pay as much as he has a mind to,"
and then he threw down two dollars
more. Chris is 100 per cent pure gold.
Children to Coldwater
Ionia. Mrs. Wallace HmWif nnrl .
Mrs. Lewis Sparks went to Coldwater j
last week to take four children from ,
Ionia county to the state school there. '
One of the children was Hazel i
Vaughn of Portland, six years old. ,
The other three were the children of!
Mr. and Mrs. Harry Peterman. who!
have been living in the city for some
tme past, although they are really
Montcalm charges, and whose fam
ily has formed one of the most con
spicious trials of both counties for a
period of years. There are two older
boys who have not yet been disposed
of. The children taken this morning
were: Laverne. four years old, Caro
line, alomst three, and Edwin, not
quite a year old. The family lived
for a time about two years ago in a
tent on one of the bluffs on East Main
street, and lately have been in a shack
in the Hardendorf addition.
IiOss By Fire
Charlotte. Ninety tons of hay and
2X00 bushels of potatoes were de
stroyed in the fire which burned the
big barn on the Earl Thompson farm .
west oiniellevue to the ground. Five
thousand wiffletrees and a large
ouantity of wagon reaches stored in
the barn were also destroyed. The
origin of the fire is unknown.
. ..: .
.Here Is a compact and comprehen
sive kit, designed to carry all tbe
things needed by our boys in the navy,
to keep them and their belongings fit
and nifty. It Is made of blue denim
and a little red cotton-flannel, stitched
with red thread and bound with a
strong braid. Short lengths of braid
sewed In it serve to hold comb,
brushes, pencils, etc.
This kit carries an unbelievable num
ber of things among them these:
Soap in a soap box, talcum powder,
scrub brush, pencil with eraser, paper,
post cards, black and white thread,
needles, pins, safety pins, tooth brush,
tooth paste, bone buttons, bachelor but
tons, safety pins, corncob pipe, bag of
tobacco and has room to spare for
other things. It rolls up and is tied
with the strong braid or tape used for
binding It One of these kits, fitted
out Is a fine gift along with a gay lit
tle bag of sweets, or something equally
foolish, for Christmas.
Poverty in youth is often a blessing,
but it is a curse in old age. The world
is always looking for men to do the
things that "can't be done." Some peo
ple learn from their experience oth
ers never recover from them.
imk witK only-.. ;
(.-.. iy rs :
;iW f u rn
Corzo in , get Bank BooksK
una putcur unuaren
m the Club
Putting your children into our Christmas Banking
club is the best financial education you can give them.
They can start with 10 cents, 5 cents, 2 cents or 1
cent and increase their deposit the same amount each
In 50 weeks:
10-Cent Club Pays. $127.50
5-Cent Club Pays 63.75
2-Ccnt Club Pays 25.50
1-Cent Club Pays 12.75
Or, they can begin with the largest payment first and
decrease their payments each week.
No charge to join all are welcome.
We add three per cent interest.
A man's wife may lav down the law i
to her husband, but she is always will-j " ' " ' r
ing to let him lay down the carpets, j , THE BANNER WANT COLUMNS TH ATS ALL
properly ond death results.
-If the change from fresh to salt
water or from salt to fresh water is
made gradually the organism is able
to adant itself to the changed condi
Likls Ilia Job
Sumner. Mr. and Mrs. D. J. Ayers
received a letter from their son. El
lis, at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, who ;
has been in the army nearly two
years. He says: "I am well and happy '
I it:. i At- t i t i
nnu vnis is tne oest joo i ever nau. ;
Talk about the hardships of the army
we will find them in every walk of !
life. You can compare a soldier draw-1
ing $38 a month to a civilian getting -$85
to $100 a month the way food and j
clothing and other necessities arc
now. Here they make you save '
money by allotments, deposits and
Liberty bonds. And the last and best!
i of all is the insurance. I will take i
army life for mine every time. It is !
quite cold here seems colder than it
really is not being used to it Water
freezes in the tanks at night." ;
safely leave salt water and why eels i . Tachc a Scrapper
can go from fresh to the sea where I ,f "u,r- ReJ' 9 'L. McAndrews of
their eggs are deposited. Muir . recently brought suit for as-
In passing from fre?h to salt water ; 0?ulk 7' "K"1."81' "J"F"
or vice versa fish adapt themselves
by degrees to the new medium by
passing through water where the de
gree of saltiness is intermediate. If
it is desired to make the transfer ex
perimentally the saltiness of the wa
ter mu?t be increased or decreased
grndually and progressively.
The progeny of many creatures re
sist a changed environemnt better
than the parents. For example, if
fresh water containing danhniidae is
salted progressively the little crea
tures will finally die but the young
hatched a few days later from their
eggs thrive as if the water had not
bon changed. This property by
which resistance is increased in the
progeny explains how a species is of
ten able in time to adapt it?elf to con
ditions which would have been fatal
at an earlier period of its history.
Obituary William Fuller
William Fuller was born in Manvis,
Canada.' June 14. 1811, and died very
suddenly December 21, 1917, of apop
lexy, aged seventy-!"ix years, six
months and seven days. Deceased
was married to Mary Ann Hradley
Julv 4. 18G5, and encaged in farming
in Ionia county, retiring a few years
ago and moving to llelding. Both
were members of the Congregational
church in Belding, His good wife pre
ceded him to the Great Beyond Au
gust 11, 1914.
There are left to mourn their loss
oie daughter. Mrs. Eulalia Jane
O'Morrow of Walker, Minnesota, at
whose home he died, also nine grand
children, two great-grandchildren,
several nieces and nephews and a host
of friends. .
Rev. R. V. Birdsall officiated at the
funeral at the home of Oti.i Fuller in
Easton township Wednesday at ten
o'clock, burial taking place in Easton
Did As He Was Told
Counsel (to plaintiff) At this fin
al interview, when you demanded
payment by the defendant of this
debt, what did he say to you?
PlaintifT Go to the devil.
Counsel What did you do?
PlaintifT I immediately consulted
vin, an instructor in the public
schools, charging that Marvin at
tacked him when he visited the
schoolhouse to complain about the
punishment given his son. The in
structor's purpose seems to have been
to show the reverend gentleman that
he could lick the whole family.
Now Use Them
Sparta has two additions to its
community. First, a new library for,
which Andrew Carnegie has paid; sec
ond, a librarian, Mrs. E. K. Goodhue,
please meet her.
Both are absolutely useless to this
community unless they are apprecit
ed and used. Mrs. Goodhue is placed
in charge to help library patronsin the
selection of books and to suggest uses
for the equipment of the institution.
Mrs. Goodhue's clerical work is only
incidental, her real work is based on
her acquaintance with the community
and its needs. She cannot go to the
community, it is designed that the
community come to her, which it
should do freely. The matter of us
ing a library is more or less of an
art, and intelligent advice bjr a li
brarian is invaluable in directing
choice and selection of books.
' So use your new library, consuli
your new librarian freely, get to feel
at homo in the building and utilize it
to its fullest extent.
Sold Their Church
Pewamo. The members of the Pe
wamo Baptist church, at a recent
meeting, decided it was useless to at
tempt to continue the church as an
active society in the community and
voted to give up the unequal struggle,
dispose of the church property, pay
the few remainng debts and write
"Finis" on the books of one of the
oldest societies in the village, a soc
iety that has had much to do with the
moral and spiritual welfare of the
village almost from the time when
this site was chosen by the pioneers
of those days as an abiding place for
themselves and those that were to fol
low after in the years to come. ,
A Worth while
The best advertising is the cheap
est in the end.
0 Ik, li "'
ir s v
qM 1 .n U
-fir I" i&
Coryriht Ilsrt Schadner U Marx
Success in business depends largely on
winning and holding business. Future pro
gress depends upon the degree of present
satisfaction given. Recognizing this fact, at
the time wo opened our doors a little over a
year ago, we determined to build our success
upon the faithful practice of correct business
principles by giving honest values at right
prices; by earnest, truthful statements; by
sincere advertising. We have preached values
and have backed up all we said. Satisfying
sales are the only kind we have striven to
For these reasons our customers
have naturally been quick to see the
advantages of buying here. They
have come again and again. They
have told their friends to come and
the natural results are that our busi-.
ress has shown a constant and steady
During the past few months we
have told our customers, in advance
of the increased price on many lines
of merchandise which enabled them
to supply their needs before the ad
vance went into effect, thereby sav
ing our friends many dollars.
Undoubtedly the opportunity to get a good
suit or overcoat here this season at the same,
or little more, than last year's cost, has in
fluenced many. The fact that we sell Hart
SchnfTner & Marx and Styleplus clothes has
ro doubt made a strong appeal to many when
they noticed us quoting the old price of $17.00
for Styleplus clothes and $2o.00 for Hart
SchalFncr & Marx high class suits and over
coats. However, good buying opportunities at
this store are not confined to any one line or
time. Careful buying from only the best
houses enables us to give our customers the
right goods at right prices always prices that
often mean a substantial saving to them.
Right now we want our friends to know
that a much greater advance than at any
previous time, will soon go into effect, on
nearly all lines of merchandise, and that it is
to your best interests to get all you 'will need
for this season.
Our stocks are very complete in all lines
and a3 long an they last we will be glad to
supply you with what you may need at the
same low prices now prevailing.
We do not desire to use brass bands but
prefer to tell every ore quietly that now and
m the future the same right principles on
vhich we have builcled the foundation of this
store will be constantly observed; that what
ever you may need in men's wear, this store
will continue to give you your money's worth.
To those whose realization of the reliabil
ity and high business principles of this store
is (hi 2 its success and we extend our hearty
thanks. We shall earnestly endeavor at all
times to strengthen the pleasant relations
existing between us.
The Home of Hart SchafTner & Marx and Styleplus Clothes, Beacon Shoes,
Stetson Hats, and Furnishings that are ood.
FKI2TOE & DIVINE
yie Nsr Stars
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