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TfHDNESDAY, JUNE 5, 1918.
f ' SOME COMMON LADY BEETLES Cues Are Among Dett Friend of Plant Grower at They Feed Upon Varl- ' ue Noxloue Insects. Oy W. E. MUTTON, Connecticut BUt &ntomekg1t) The beetles etnnmonly known as lady beetles, "lady birds' Tlady bugs' or plant-louse beetles are among the best friends of the fanner or plant grower, because they feed In both larvul and adult stages upon plant lice, scale In sects and the small larva and eggs of other and larger noxious Insects. With the exception of one species, EpI- A, Beetle; b, Larva; c, Pupa; d, Blos som End of Scale-Infested Pear, Showing Beetles and Their Larva Feeding Upon the Scales. lachna borealls Fabr., known as the squash lady beetle, nil lady beetles oc curring in Connecticut are carnivorous and predatory, feeding on the smaljer insects many of which are pests of cul tivated plants. Hence we call them beneficial. Dr. S. A. Forbes exam lned the stomach contents .of 39 speci mens, and found that one-fourth of their food was composed of plant lice; though they ate some vegetable food such as pollen and spores of fungi, ti greater portion of their food consisted of Insects. Though many persons are more or less familiar with lady beetles, some are not acquainted with their habits oi life histories, and do not, therefore, recognize them as friends. CROPS TO GROW IN ORCHARD Ideal Method Is Not to Grow Any Cul tivated Crop Between Trees Some Can Be Grown. The ideal method of handling the young orchard is not to grow any cul tivated crops between the trees at alL This will allow them to be cultivated both ways all during summer, which is very desirable. Carefully done, however, some of the hoed crops, like potatoes, strawberries, cabbage, etc., can be grown without Injuring the trees to any great extent. These crop more than pay for the expense of cultivat ing the ' trees. Nt more than three rows should be placed between two peach rows. When the trees bein to (tar : r: i 189819081918 Three Signal Years in American History 7593 War with Spain! Humanity and liberty brought by America to oppressed Cuba and Philippines, the United States taking its firm placo as a world power. SOS Peace and prosperity I Ameri ca' battleship fleet, 'Ready for a fight or a frolic,' as Ad miral "Dob Evans remarked, gone on its 45,000-mlU, aroond-the-world cruise, pointing out to all nations the fact that wa had become ji power to be reck oned wltk, and a cruise whtta Kino- Ttumtma It pean experts aald could': not be completed. But It was I JPJ5 America in the Ore at War, throwing ha mjKT into the combat to make the world decant place to lira In. In ltOS, THUMA21 XL Urs of tba Uim-n l.xrt.1 rUseTTaa, Barrel t-ror-'j L Cpanbh war as a Uattr' nt on the Yo a em It wti was manna d by litLana naaarrea. In 1SC3. TJIUMAH II. iisvnriJinY prer4 battltsL:? Ct tor fca fcmbue cmlae aad from uant NEWBERRY-' fV United States Senator Pcliticil Advertising:. Dear frolt, these crops should be left off entirely, except possibly two or three rows of peas between the peach rows. la no case should the trees be stunt ed or neglected In any way by growing crops in the orchard. Such crops as corn and grain should be left off en tirely as they draw, heavily on the soil and rob the trees of both food and moisture. CULTIVATE ALL FRUIT TREES While Young They Should Be Given as Much Attention as Any Other Crop on the Farm. Fruit trees respond as readily and definitely to cultivation as do garden vegetables and grain crops, ami, while yox tixy should be cultivated with as much on re as any other crop. Ex pert raeeta by agricultural scientists hare shown that fruits breathe, and ttat ceid storage delays their ripening by causing them to breathe more slow ly Uian vaen warm. If an orchard Is given as tnach care as grain and other crop If It be carefully pruned and sprayed and the ground properly cul tivated, especially the first year, there will be no disappointment as to yield, both In quantity and quality. SOME SPRAYING 'DO NTS Don't forget to spray. Don't spray Just for th sake of doing something I At best spraying is only precautionary and must be applied in advance of the expected attack of pests. Don't neglect the fertility of the soil. Plants must "eat" to live. Don't expect the plants and trees to take care of themselves ; cultivate, prune and spray. , Trees and plants are easily grown, and will make life brighter. 3 t OAKFIELD Fine growing weather now. Oakfield Center school closed last week. Memorial services at the chapel H'cre well attended although weather wa3 rather gloomy in the forenoon. Mrs. Arthur Rowley and Mrs. Harry Conant of Belding attended the services at the chapel and in the lat ter part of the day visited the latter's mother, Mrs. Stilus. M. Stevens and family went to Nelson Center Sunday and .stayed over Monday to help his father cele brate his birthday. Frank Deal and family of Edmore spent Sunday with his parents, J. Deal and wife. Will Wilson and family of Blanch ard and Mrs. A. Crawford of Battle Creek were here for Memorial day and were guests of their mother, Mrs. Hill. . Mrs. S. A. Havens and Mrs. Stults were dinner guests of Mrs. Sleno last Sunday. In the afternoon they al) visited their neighbor, Mrs. Clark, who is quite feeble. Mrt and Mrs. Thos. Brown were also visitors there. P. J. Peterson is quite ill. Mr. Da vis is also ill. Oakfield Gleaner arbor has a ser vice flag with four stars. Children's day exercises at Ashley church next Sunday. Thomas Anderson and wife of Greenville visited at Jud Wellman's a couple of days last week. The Whole Hole. You cannot buy a doughnut And eat the doughnut whole, Unless you eat the doughnut And leave the doughnut hole. secretary became Secretary of the Navy in the Roose velt cabinet. InI9.TRUMAN H. NEWBERRY, again a volunteer, a Commander in the Ttird,Naval District, libanl New York Ct? and Brooklyn dT7 yard, the most i:pX;.Jant naval di rLLzn in the eemntry. A- man of national AVwterry distinction, et x.zlttr devo tion to til cr-rrt. ti able aer aid war, of fclrh chcxter. encrcter, rtr arrctrtsila aad rrtLCc, 1L NUTC HHY n a man on whom r -V prresxtsUe not of.7 tul Re-aaaa twt all the people ofXJ.!jaa can units. Ia this crlrii, the oQce da mmu&$ tb tUaat and most eretUnaed 3ta arcTtls he? rondncttf r'rali cTiira. TZU2XJLX1 IL UVZZZZXY ia mrr m roan T in r ' - Totrcaer77onl nor!aadon mr:i tltttLtrt .r;r.C:?aca la raicrJ, ?i r" 'Z: ,rj aad his skesssmm PROTECT YOUNG FRUIT TREES Snow Should De Firmly. Packed to Prevent Girdling by Rabbits and Field Mice. Tbe one and two-year old fruit trees, should have the ' snow firmly packed around each tree, grapevine, currant and gooseberry bush. Unless this Is done, the trees may be girdled by rab bits above the snow line and the field mice under the enow. Much the better method Is to hav.e each tree and bush wrapped with a strip of tarred paper from six inches below tbe surface of the ground to 20 inches above the ground. Common brown paper may be used if the bet ter quality cannot be had. It takes but a few minutes to wrap each tree. Where the winters are severe and the snows deep, the tender bark of the large fruiting trees Is often gnawed. The trunk of the tree and often the-branches have the greater part of the burk completely destroyed. Field mice are more destructive than the rabbits, as they work under the snow and are much more numerous. TIME TO PRUNE RASPBERRIES Work Must Be Done at Two Seasons of Year In Order to Accomplish the Best Results. Uecause of Its manner of fruit bear ing, the !)lnck raspberry requires care In Its annual pruning; In fact, pruning must be done at two seasons of the year in order to accomplish the best results. The young shoots as they ap pear from the roots In the spring should be 'tipped or disbudded when they reach the height of IS Inches. It Is better to go over the plantations fre quently, making three or four trips In all, In order to tip the canes when they are about the height mentioned, rather than to delay the .operation until some of them have reached a height of 2 to 2 feet. The early pinching or dis budding Induces the development of more numerous lateral branches. Shoots which have been allowed to harden and to grow to 2 or 3 feet In height will form few lateral branches. If tipped when IS Inches high, n cane should produce four,' five or six lateral branches. If allowed to attain n height of 3 feet and then cut back to 18 Inch es, It Is probable that not more than two or three lateral branches will be formed; and, since these lateral Typical Raspberry After Pruning. branches form the fruit-beariug wood of the succeeding season, It Is very desirable that the greatest possible number of branches be secured to In sure a heavy crop, of fruit. It Is evi dent, therefore, that summer pruning predetermines the crop for the succeed ing year more than does any other sin gle cuflurai factor. The second pruning, which Is also important, consists in removing the canes which bore the last crop of fruit. This work can be done at any time af ter the crop has been harvested, but preferably during the spring following the crop. DISEASES OF ' PEACH TREES Brown Rot and Scab Held Fairly Well In Check by Use of Lime-Sulphur Spray. Brown rot and scab in peaches have been fairly well held in check in New Jersey by the use of the self -boiled lime-sulphur spray, but the best possi ble) results bare not always been ob tained because the spray injured the trcsa In rummer, so that groweri put off the rammer application. Now they hate worked out a new preparation Tttilch has given satisfaction as a sum icxr fungicide without Injuring the trees. It is made by mixing eight poxmds of fine dry sulphur with tour r-idj hydra ted lime, dhssoltlng one cX3 one-half ounces of ground glue In JDree gallons of water, then thorough incorporating the two mixtures and ptutlng the whole with water to make CO gallons. RABBIT DAMAGE IN ORCHARD rCJv Credit for ttora Harm Thzn They Art Catlty of ts Hula Mice Do Most Injury. E&bblts ureal ly do less damage In carfij thsn they are credited with. ttry young orchards or in nurscrisj "C7 ccsflnres cut off the yo;sj fcrzChcj and may occasionally grivf tea fcark, but as a rule they do lcra Crssge than mice. THE DZLD1NG DANNEn-NEVS MM ELS OF HER IP TO CdLIP f.lERRITT MANY TOUCHING SCENES ARE ENACTED IN BIG MILITARY CITY, CAMP MERRITT. N. J. Mrs. Spencer Cowles has written a continuation of her experiences and impressions of Camp Merritt, N. J., to which both herself and Mr. Cowles went some time ago to see their son, Charles, who enlisted early in the war and who, . after being stationed for a long time at Douglas, Arizona, was being sent to France, by way of Camp Merritt, N. J. Mrs. Cowles' letter is as follows: As I stated before Camp Merritt is situated upon the very crest of a steep hill, an ideal site for an army camp but it does not remind one of a camp; it is more like a great city foing up. There was building after uilding that had all been erected since last September so our landlady, Mrs. Beveridge, informed me, that on the first of September there was not a sign of a camp and on Thanks giving day there were already 6,000 men stationed there. At the time of our visit there they were erecting a hospital to accommodate 6,000 wound ed men. We were also told that all odr boys wounded that could pos sibly he brought over would be trans ported there and cared for. This hospital is being built right on the very edge of a cliff where the rocks slope steeply down a distance of about 300 feet and below there used to be a stone quarry; there used to be an observation tower upon thij clift; from where one could look over this ridge into three different states, New York, New Jersey and Connecti cut, a most sightly place, truly an ideal spot for a hospital.. This hos pital is also to bo equipped with sun parlors and X-ray appliances, in fact every conceivable appliance that the medical science has invented nvill be installed here to be used for the ree storation of those bravo' boys and truly it is not too much when we stop to consider the great sacrifice our brave soldiers and sailors are making. But, oh, indeed this was a busy place; we could hear the ham mers from early morning until night and a small army of carpenters at work the morning that we left Camp Merritt there were three coaches of just carpenters who got off at the station. These men all busy on the buildings. The Red Cross is erect ing its building; we never can con ceive the great merciful work this great organization is doing and mo thers and fathers of America, wives and sweethearts, let there not a day pass but what we give a prayer of thanksgiving to think that this great arm of mercy is established that will go among the din of the battle roar to care for our wounded boys and to stand bv them perhaps in their last struggles in life: so let us give all we possibjy can; let's not do our bit but our utmost and indeed we cannot do too much to help support thig grand order. Then there is the Y. M. and Y. W. C. A. which are also doing a great work and worthy of all the support we can give it and the K. of C, this' noble order is also foremost in its zeafcfor the welfare of our men and is not doing its bit but its utmort; also the Jewish and He brew Mission; all these organizations are striving nobly . together for the purpose of helping to bear the bur den or this cruel war to help provide comforts for our brave men and what an inspiration it must be to our fight ing forces. How inviting the Chris tian Science rest cotage looked to us, weary and tired as we were, with the words "Welcome" all over its doorways printed in large letters pre sumably so all could see and take no tice and avail themselves of the op portunity. The sad recollections of the hostess house were so deeply im pressed in our memory .that I think they will always remain; one sweet faced little woman who asked me if I had found my soldier boy told me in her soft southern accent that she had como from southern Kentucky in response to a telegram from her boy that ho could not get a furlough and was leaving for France. She said, I came yesterday; I have had my boy for just two hours; today he is doing guard duty and tomorrow, I must return as I have six other children, a baby of two years among them that she had left for the father to take care of. She stated that when they received this telegram the father says, you g6, mother, you are the nearest to the boy and she smil inglv informed me that she thought the brief time she had spent with her boy was worth it indeed,' faithful lit tle mother.' We wondered how they could have sent 20,000 men from this camp to France the Friday before we reached there on April 3 but that is nothing out f the ordinary when there are troop trains coming in all the while filled with soldiers from all directions to refill the vacancies if any; the government's truck are steadily trucking in supplies to this great cantonment. When our boy, Charles, came from Douglas. Arizona there were two batteries aboard his troop train, Battery B and Battery G of the 10th Field Artillery; each battery consists of 190 men-besides their officers, so there were some thing over 400 men aboard; he said they went along fine until after they left Kansaa City; that as they were making a down grade the brakemen tried to apply the brakes but discov ered that some miserable spies had pulled the brake screws so they were unable to set the brakes and conse quently had to run at the rate of about 87 miles per hour; he thought that this must have been dorib at Kansas City where they ran on an elevation to take water. No one knew how this could possibly, have been done when their troop trains are ' very closely guarded, not even the train crew be ing allowed in the coaches, the M. P. s stationed at every door, no one allowed in or out, yet the spies get in their treacherous work. Well, I asked my son, whatever saved all aboard from death and de struction; well, he smilingly replied that he told some of he boys qe guess ed it was as mother used to say out home that their time hadn't come rf. av4Vo Via ttiaf (Via brake diJiculty was adjusted as soon as possible. It required Ave days and nights for them to make the jour ney from Douglas, Arizona to Camp Merritt, New Jersey, and they had the best of accommodations, Pullman sleepers, their 'own cooks and field kitchen aboard also. Oh, he says, mother, when Battery B of the 10th Feld gets over there the kaiser will sit up and take notice. I couldn't help but smile at his enthusiasm so he replied, well, if he don't we will make him and of coure we all hope that they will make him; but you can see self-confidence pictured on all the faces of our men and determination as well and it is a splendid sight to see troops marching along with the bound-to-win air about them; then it seems that victory must most assur edly be ours. Well my son was lucky to obtain leave of absence to go with us over to New York city, seeking relatives whom I hed not seen in 36 years; -a long time and I couldn't help but notice the changes everywhere. Oh you were scarcely aware of it; we were on Broadway, that wonderful thoroughfare; here certainly spring was budding in all its glory; , now those chic damsels of Broadway cer tainly know how to dress and also how to wear their dress to the best of advantage and it seemed as if the whole of Broadway had budded out in purple; this spring that lovely col or was worn in all its alluring shades from the most delicate and dainty lavender down to the deep rich royal shades of purple and the most won derful knitting bags that the ladies carried; really they have become a general acquisition to my ladies toilet some were leading a pet poodle by a little silver chain or a dainty rib bon with one hand and holding a knitting bag in the other and I won dered which was taking the airing, the poodle or the knitting bag, per haps both. The shop keepers also knew how to arrange their windows to make them so attractive that you can't help but gaze at everything. We also saw the famous Wolworth building 54 stories high and it really looks as if the science of architecture had reached its zenith when it erected that 1 I met my sister in the afternoon and of course words would be inade quate in describing the joy of that meeting.. Her young son fell in love with my' soldier son and he repeated ly old his mothert now mammal, don't you let that soldier boy go away, we will keep him here, but of course all the children love the soldiers; but it was truly astonishing to see the service flags displayed in New York city; there we scarcely can pass a house but what was displaying service flags and 1 some of the tall buildings, 4 and 5, so there must be a vast army gone from New York' city. That evening we went over to the Bronx to see a brother; we traveled by elevated, The Bronx is consid ered to be about the best apartment district in New York. We spent a pleasant evening; returned to my sis ter's for the night at 11 p. m. but it really seems as if New orkers nev er sleep; the cars were about as crowded going as they were coming and when we awakened in the morn ing the elevated, the street cars and taxis were all running so it just look ed to me as if they had not time to sleep in this place and I told my sister that you must certainly have signs up here that say we never sleep and then we both laughed at the joke. On Sunday we visited another sister who resides at All wood,. N. J. On our return from there we saw another troop tain filled with soldiers, soldierg everywhere vou go; solders in abundance, always courteous and chivalrous to the la dies, especially to the aged and in firm, just as we would want our own boys to be. I oouldnlt help but think that this great New York with its millions of lights gleaming at night would certainly be a great tar get for the Boche. airplains; thank goodness there lies 'a vast ocean be tween. My heart also thrilled with pride at the thought that I had two sons who had volunteered to help defend , this beautiful land of my adoption and so the time passed swiftly; my 'Jon often asking me questions about the folks at home. I told him of the erood work the Red Cross had been doing and is still do ing; told him of one patriotic old soul that I thought was doing her bit at knitting and had then knit 37 pairs of socks. He gave a guess and miss ed the name so I told him it was Aunt Jane Showers who has up to date knit 39 pa;rs of socks, 2 pairs of wristlets and is now finishing a sweatercoat. Well he says, good Aunt Jane is sure some soldier. He also want ed me to tell his kind friend. Mrs. M. E: Pamey that he thanked her very much for the soldier's bible she sent him, that he and his good chum; Mike, had spent many hours reading the same so truly our soldier boys remember the many kind acts done them and the dear gifts from home far out weigh everything else of value. The water, supply for Camp Merritt comes from the mountains and they discovered tht poison enough had been placed in these springs to have killed the whole population, soldiers and civilians; so now, Mrs. Beveridge informed me, these ' springs are guarded night and day by the mili tary police. We left Camp Merritt at daybreak Monday morning, April 8. Our bdy accompanied us to the station. His father and Ms lady friend. Miss Ham. ilton and myself; words can never explain how we all had dreaded this last leavetaking that we knew must surely come: he must report to duty that day and his father had contract ed a severe cold so we thought it best to go early: then also Mr. Bev eridge could explain to us which ter minal to take to Jersey City as he makes ho trip each week day morning over to New York to his work. We heard the whistle of the incoming train so I managed to say as a part ing word: "My dear boy, I consign you into the hands of God and I pray that in , His infinite mercy he will re turn you safely to me." 4Yes, mo ther." he says. "I will come back." lie kissed his lady friend and father and the conductor shouts all aboard. I can ever see his lonely figure erect and stern wending ita way in that f ay dawn back to camp to duty and knew as I gazed after hini through my blinding tears that the parting had beci as hard tor him as it had been for us and it must have been more so. He stood between love and duty and duty must prevail especially at this critical time. It is now six long weeks since wo have last hsard from hin so we hope that he is c-fa r.ow in France. Beginning June 2nd., the City Bakery will close until 5 o'clock every Sunday. Get your baked goods Saturdays; t THE CITY BAKERY IbMi 1 . Grand Rapids, ich. ' When you want flowers' for any purpose Largest and best equipped floral establishment in Western Michigan Store on corner of Monroe and Division Ave. Store Phones Bell, 173 Citizens, 517J Fertilizer on your Corn and Beans will give you a better yield and help your crop to mature before the fall frosts. We have a limited supply on hand which we will sell while it lasts, at $29.00 per ton. We have Beech and Maple wood, and a few tons of soft coal that are not sold. E. CHAPPLE CO. r r i IqS iiair IPrioGS n Fairns 120 ACRES in Orleans township, on State reward road, excellent clay loam soil, modern dairy or stock barn, sanitary in every de tail, water in barn, large silo attached, modern C room semi-bungalow, moist air heat, 8 room house with running water and i furnace. One of the best farms in Ionia county., 24 ACRES with fruit inside limits of Celding. 10 ACRES with good house and barn and out building's near Chad wick, soil clay loam, seeded to timothy and clover, stock and tools go with place. 80 ACRES. A bargain-near Kent City, living water, 6 room house, new hip roof barn, 170 bearing apple trees, clover meadow. 35 ACRES at Wood's Comers, on Ionia road, new house, small barn will sell at an attactive price. 50 ACRES within limits of Greenville, 6 room cottage, out building, fruit Can take city property in part. - 30 ACRES 2 1-2 miles from Belding, clay loam soil, good house and small bam; most sell to close an estate, 160 ACRES at Smyrna, good building with running water, good soil, excellent location. 80 ACRES excellent farming and pasture land near Orleans village, good windmill and well, no buildings. If you are looking for a hoiute in Belding at about one-half cost of construction, aee ua, . W. E. LITTLE ' MANAGER REAL ESTATE DEPARTMENT. Phcno70 :: Commercial Dank :-: Re. 301 Pere Marquette train time at Belding Corrected March 1, 1918 To' Greenville ail Big Rapids, 4:23 To Ionia and Detroit, ii:z a. m. To Greenville and Saginaw, 7:66 a. a.; 5:35 p. cu CHo'iiiry mi Farm Phonea Bell, 651 Citizens, 62S1 p. m. To Lowell and Grand Rapids, 10:37 a. m.; .2:00 p. m., and 7:C3 p. m. Daily.