Newspaper Page Text
THE CLIO MESSENGER 6eieteu (koifei of the PRETTY HOME of six noofjs Comfort and Convenience Inside, Coupled With Most Attrac tive Exterior. line over the entrance give It un artis tic exterior appearance, and at the same time the extra expense that Is re quired for broken wall lines to get a pleasing exterior effect Is eliminated. The house may be of either frame, brick or hollow bulldlng-tlle construc tion, and covered with stucco. The living porch and the terrace walls are of face brick, which add greatly to the beauty of this home. It Is In the interior arrangement that the women members of the family of the prospective builder will be most Interested. The floor plans that ac company the picture of the house show bow well the architect has utilized the space in this comparatively small ROOMS ALL WELL ARRANGED A,.., .til llCSc Are Large, but So Laid Out That the Work of Caring for Them Is Re duced to a Minimum Ideal Kitchen. Mr. William A. Radford will answer questions and give advice FREE OP COST on all nublPota nrt.lnin. TL 9 'I if; 1 of the Loasue of Xntlons-lf there 1 . T TTi Ct'M, V'J 'lTUiil (( -rp is a league of nations. It seems 1- JWJJgl ESI T ; citv a co;nHH,o,itan and has W .iirfW (QWQ) historical, literary and philosophical WiJSSf J ENKVA. Switzerland, Is to be capital of the League, of Nations If there Is a league of nations. It seems rather an appropriate selection. The city is cosmopolitan and has historical, literary and philosophical traditions in keeping with the pur pose of the league. Switzerland has preserved Its neutrality In a way to be rbove suspicion. And finally the Swiss Confederation is In itself n sort ; 'Le.ague of Nations. From the practical view ; '.it the city of (Jeneva is uttructlve, not too large, juid centrally located for Tuuyof the members of .Jhfe' league. In fact, the enthusiasts say that considering Aj.'a pist, its long history full of struggles ''ij id suffering through which It won Its freedom. It i would appear that from all time this city has been vdestined to become the capital of the intangible .gdom of all free peoples, united to defend, not ily their rights and liberty, Dut also tne nguis und liberty of others. The requirements for a location stipulated fifteen hundred meters along the edge of the lake, em bracing large properties; a port fr hydroplanes, fating the Alps and having access by land and water. Within the walls of the small territorial district of Geneva, amid the country adorned with parks and decked with gardens, several estates were available to the representatives of the differ ent 'nations. The parish of Gent hod, about four miles out from the town, perhaps the more readily f ul tills these conditions. Genthod, one of the oldest vil lages, was a part of the bishop of Geneva's prop erty. In 1535 It became the property of the re public and Is Inclosed In the land that the Ilernese took from the duke of Savoy. An unusually beau tiful qot, looking down upon the lake from time Immemorial, It has bevn a chosen place for the Genevans. la the tenth century the noblemen replaced the country house of their forefathers by beautiful estates; gardens were laid out and planted. Two of these estates with the houses intact, rendered all the more beautiful by the passing of time, with avenue and venerable woods, were first chosen. The Creux de Genthod belongs to the family de Saussure and the de 1'ourtales estate. The Bar tbolonl estate adjoining was added; It is occu pied by a large modern house called the Chateau ltouge. On the other side Is the property of El ward Navllle. the Egyptologist, temporary presi dent of the Internal ionnl Ited Cross. Spacious grounds that belonged to the estate of the naturalist and philosopher Churles Bonnet, were also secured. Incldenttilly, one of the eighteenth century houses uu the Itonnet property , waa taken stone by stone to Geneva and scrupu lously reconstructed. Crowning this long hillock with Its gentle slopes is a plateau Inclined toward the Jura mountains, the crest line which fills the hortKon. TJds presents a magnificent panorama for a dis tance of over a mile alonj? the lake Ahore, and a mile and a half Inland, half of the township of Genthod, bounded on the north by the Versolx river and on the south by a road and crossed by the Genera-Berne railroad an the route to Iiasanne. - The most ancient of these estates,' and the most aymmetrical. Is the Creut de GeUhMl. It was built by Ami Lultln, theologian, professor and col lector of rare manuscripts. Blondel. the greut French architect, drew 'the plan. In 1723 he planned the? gardens and park. This house became the property of the naturalist, Horce Benedict de Panssure, who married the granddaughter of Ami Lullin. De Saussure'a house adjoined that of his '2?ZRZAAZJC,, m&&LZAGUZ uncle, Charles Bonnet. . De Saussure, tilled with n passionate love for the high Alps, the outline of which he gazed at every day, went exploring, climbing Mont Blanc, writing his "Voyages dans les Alpes" (1779-1780). His daughter, who be came Madame Necker I Saussure, grew up in this delightful atmosphere. Charles Bonnet continued to carry out his study of nature, and when he lost his sight gave up his time to philosophical prob lems, strengthening his scholars' belief In an after life. Haller used to come from Berne to work with him. Learned men and scholars came from all parts of Europe to visit them. In this way the small circle of Genthod, passion ately Interested In scientific culture and Christian philosophy, became a European center In direct opposition to the one at Ferney, where Voltuire derided the austereness of Geneva and tried his best to destroy It. After the death of Charles Bonnet his property returned to the de Hive family, which was connect ed with Madame de Stael (177C-1817). Her house Is near Genthod, and Corrlnne came often on fine summer days to sit on the terrace of the philoso pher and writer. The tie I'ourtales house was built about 1750 by Jean Louis Saladin, a diplomat of Geneva attached to the court of Louis XV, who as a mark of appre ciation gave him his full-length portrait in oils. The de Saladin house Is on a height and commands a wide view of the lake. It is to be seen in the center of two broad avenues with Its simple gray front, its semicircular outbuildings, all magnificent ly located. Beyond the fields that slope gently are the trees of the Creux de Genthod, the rare spe cies that Ami Lullln had collected at a great cost, chestnuts that were brought from Lyons In carts. Immense vistas of foliage, wonderful tree archi tecture Infolding the old French garden. Along the walks where the two scholars medi tated, around that house of pure lines, the meet ing place of so many distinguished men, a breath of European thought seems to float In this Genevan atmosphere, say the enthusiasts. An Intimate com munion seems to unite all these grand and simple homes to the grand old trees, the gentle distant slopes behind which appear the Alps, the long, clear stretch of lake. To all this vista, at the same time so big and so complete that it would seem Impossible to destroy this Incomparable harmony certainly these homes and historical grounds will remain as they are and the new buildings will be erecte Inland on the plateau. Geneva is nn old, old city. Its origin Is lost In antiquity, but It was of sufficient' Importance In Caesur's time to be mentioned In his "Com mentares." It was early the seat of a bishopric. It was one of the capitals of the Burgundians. In the sixth century It passed to the Franks. In the eleventh century It became Incorporated with the German empire. About that time the temporal was added to the spiritual power of the bishops. The dukes of Savoy began to encroach on the temporal power and at the same time the burghers took a hand In affairs. The struggles between the dukes of Savoy and the citizens ended In favor of the latter In the early days of the sixteenth century. ' Genevn is the capital of the canton of Geneva. It contains possibly 0.H people a little over 100,000 with its suburbs and the canton has a popula tion of about 135.00O. There are 2'J cantons, with a total population of about 3,350,000. The Romans made themselves masters of the country in the first century. B. C. Their do minion lasted about four cen turies. A succession of masters When It became a part of the German followed, (Holy Roman) empire In the eleventh century it was a hodge-podge of petty states ruled by dukes, counts, bishops and abbots, together with little city-states. The beginning of the confederation of cantons was in the thirteenth century. In 127G Rudolph of Ilapsburg, Holy Roman em peror, secured control of the duchy of Austria and threatened the liberties of the Swiss. To re sist Its aggressions the three forest cantons of Url, Schwyz and Untcrwalden in 3201 entered into a league. In the fourteenth century live other can tons Joined. The house of Hapsburg found the mountaineers Invincible. At the close of the mid dle ages the connection of Switzerland with the German empire came virtually to an end. The confederation was enlarged by fresh accessions. In the sixteenth century, as stated, Geneva shook off the authority of the dukes of Savoy and of the Ushops. After the reformation In the peace of Westphalia (1C4S) Switzerland was formally de clared Independent t of the German empire. In 1708 the French occupied the country aud estab lished the Helvetic republic. In 1803 Napoleon re stored the cantonal confederation and new cau tons were added. The congress of Vienna In 1815 decreed the perpetual neutrality of Switzerland. Geneva, of course, at once suggests noted men and famous events John Calvin, Rousseau and others; the Geneva convention, the Alabama claims, etc. Modern Geneva is an exceedingly attractive city. It Is beautifully situated at the southwest end of Lake Geneva, which here narrows and pours out Into the Rhone, which Is shortly Joined by the Arve. The Rhone Is crossed by nine fine bridges which Join the old town on the left bank, with the principal residence quarter of the foreign colony on the right bank. There are many fine structures of Interest. The College de St. Antolne, founded by Calvin, has nearly 2,000 students, over half of whom are foreigners. Geneva Is noted as an edu cational center. The Cathedral of St. I'eter Is Byzantine In character and Is said to have been built In 1124. The botanical gardens are Interest ing. There are several museums, Including the Musee Ratln; the Fol museum, with collections of Greek, Roman and Etruscan antiquities; the Atheneum, devoted to the fine arts, and the Mu seum of Natural History, containing de Saussure'a geological collection. The lie Jean Jauques Rous seau attracts many visitors. Tourists are shown the house of Calvin, on whom the possibly chief historical fame of the city rests. Lake Geneva Is one of the beauty spots of the world. It Is about 45 miles long and Is eight miles wide at Its place of greatest width. Its northern and western shores afford striking views of Mount Btanc and its chain. The lake Is verydeep and u beautiful dark blue. New boulevards encircle Genevn; they are laid out along the lines of the old fortifications which were demolished In 1851. Handsome villas crown the surrounding heights. Altogether the tourist seldom visits a more attractive city and one more Interesting historically. subject of buiMln. for the readers of this paper, ua account or ms wide experience as Editor,, Author and Manufacturer, he Is. without doubt, the highest authority on all these subjects. Address all inquiries to William A. Radford. No. 1827 Prairie avenue. Chicago. 111., and only enclosa two-cent stamp for reply. By WM. A. RADFORD. A house Is a place where we eat and sleep; a home Is the place where we really live, and enjoy living. That expresses the difference between a house rented and a home owned, and supplies the reason why the United States is fast becoming a nation of home owners. Building Is the most satisfactory way of acquiring a home of your own. The design of a house represents the Ideas of the person who built the house, or of what a house should be, or the Investment builder's opinion of what should appeal to the greatest number of prospective purchasers. But when you build your own home It will represent your Ideas and contain those little touches that you want. By far, building is the most satisfactory way of securing a home. The United States has no recog nized school of architecture. It Is a comparatively young nation, and there fore could profit by the development of the arts of other nations. Ameri can architecture represents what Is best In the architecture of the older njitlons, but where the United States excels Is In provldiug conveniences that make n house a home comfort able, efficient and healthful. Archi tects have borrowed from other na tions; the beauties of their architectu ral designs and discarded that which Is not beautiful. In utilizing the space in a home, Dr any other building, the American 1 t J . ILuul I ' 1 U . I 1MLL 3 iSCCOIDfLOOL PLAt i 1l &oor house. The rooms are large, but are so arranged that the work of caring for them will not be arduous. The living porch or sun parlor Is 10 by 11 feet C inches, and Is equipped wltli broad casement windows, so that It is all that the name, sun parlor, Implies. Double doors open Into the porch out of a living room that extends across the whole front of the house. The liv ing room is 20 feet long and lit feet C Inches wide, and has a large fireplace at the end opposite from the porch. Opening off the living room at right angles Is the dining room, also large. It Is 13 by 20 feet. In the L, which is formed by the living and dining rooms, are the kitchen, adjoining the dining room and the wide, open stairway out of the living room. The kitchen Is 0 feet 6 Inches by 12 feet G Inches, large enough to accommodate the needs of the family, but not so large as to make the work performed In it a tire some task. Two doors lead out of the kitchen, ore to the. porch at the side and the other ad.lncoiic to the rear door of the parage, which Is of the same architectural design us the heuse. Upstairs there are three large bedrooms, the bath room, and a good sized sleeping porch, equipped with a space-saving bed, which also makes the room available as a sewing room or upstairs living porch. A study of the floor plans and of the architect Is without a peer. In the American home will be found efficiency accompanied by comfort and conve nience without the sacrifice of either. There are no homes In the world so comfortable and so convenient as the American homes. Couple these ad vantages with exterior beauty, and the owner has a home that comes as near being ideal as possible. Selecting a design for a home Is rare fun. Every normal person has an Idea of what his home should be. He has seen a feature of a home that he wants, and another feature of another home that he will put Into his own when he builds. He unconsciously 35ABA5t T B.0CM IL I kxkjw 1DI1IV3 COCM i3v.rx IttlACf. IIL SV..L J fiTfLOOIll. stores away in his mind the plan for a home and when the time comes for him to build, these ideas will come to the front. That Is why It; Is well to consult an architect about a home de sign. The architect can work out the prospective builder's Ideas, and at the same time protect him from costly mistakes. There are, however, home designs that will suit the Ideas of almost every prospective home builder. Many thou sands of homes have been built that are different In some respects from any other. And It Is by studying these designs that the prospective builder gets good Ideas ideas that appeal to him and Ideas that have proven good In actual construction, A home that will meet with the ap proval of discerning home builders Is shown in the accompanying Illustra tion. Here Is combined economy In cost of construction with beauty ; com fort In the interior arrangement with convenience In room arrangement. This six-room stucco house Is a pop ular one. It Is a rectangular struc ture, 30 by 23 feet. And yet It has not the plain appearance that charac terizes such homes. The hip roof, the living porch, and the break In the roof exterior view will show the prospec tive builder what a fine home can be built from this design. It not. only will provide a place for the owner and his family to eat and sleep,, but will be a real home comfortable and com modious, and one of which the occu pants may well be proud. TOO MUCH FOR TRAIN CALLER to Official Had to Admit That Situation) Was Beyond Best Effort He Could Make. M. F. Lynch, the train caller at the union station, has developed consider able resourcefulness In, asslstfhg strangers in the city to find relatives who fall to meet them at the station,, but Wednesday he admitted defeat. . An elderly woman, obrrously on her first visit In Indianapolis, and whose face reflected increasing anxiety, at tracted his attention. "Are you looking for some one?H he asked In his kindest voice. "Yes, my daughter promised meet me, but I don't see her any where. "Perhaps I can direct you to her home. Where does she live?" The little woman looked more wor ried than ever, as she replied, "I've lost the letter with her address. I know she lives In a green house on the east side of the street, though." "On what street?" Mr. Lynch asked hopefully. s "I don't know. "Well maybe we can fix that all right ; what Is her name?' It was then he gave up the effort, for the astonishing reply was, "Oh, I don't know that, either. You see she was Just married a week ago and I can't remember her husband's name." In dlanapolla News. Help Yourself. Do not exaggerate your faults. The girl who tells herself that she "is the most selfish person in the world" or that she has "the worst disposition of any girl In the school," Is likely to suf-. fer a reaction In the form of discour agement. As you help others by be lieving In them, so help yourself by giving yourself full credit for what Is good In you, and not making too mnch of jour faults. Girls' Compan ion.