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The diamond drill. (Crystal Falls, Iron County, Mich.) 1887-1996, June 18, 1887, Image 5

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96076817/1887-06-18/ed-1/seq-5/

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Com to the Tood.
Come to the woods, for tho wlM ttrii ar
Tho nnnj t aro nil gnvn and the flower ar
Come wLtTe the birch all Its tasncU are piuzn
In. And irt'h looking cowslips oh come, come
Come to the wood, thero Is hfalth In the
Of fresh scented breezes that tint the chock
Come whro tho trco boujrhs alovo you are
Iown through their coverts oh come, come
Come to the woodii.como kneel on the motrs,
And aeo how the nun old l.urth's bottom
turn Kuy ;
Como whero tho ferns tho fc'rajr rocki are
Come to tho wooda oh come, oomo away!
Mrs. Harry Ixm, la Good Housekeeping.
Costly Cut-Clam.
Cut-glass comes high, and It it no
wonder. Down at Corning tho other
day I saw them making It, and though
tho hill-girded village, of tho southern
tier i a very dilllcult place to reach
from Syracuse, I felt repaid for tho
hardship. of travel in wnat I had tho
privilege of seeing. Corning, New
York, i getting bold advertisement
tho world over for thin industry. Until
tho manufacture of cut glass wa bo
gun thero several years ago by James
Iloaro it wa thought to bo as much a
secret of foreign art as tho making of
hair-springs for watches. Thomas
Webb, of London, was tho master of
crystal-cutting, ami on tho tables of
half tho monarch. of tho old worm
his wares have an honorable place.
Nowadays connoisseur in these things
conccdo that as lino cutting is dono at
Corning as abroad. Tho importation
of glass in this form has ceased al
most entirely. Corning happened to
have a glass-work where a prime ar
ticle in transparency was - made.
'That's what took me so far out of
tho world' said Mr. Hoare, a ho
stood in tho midst of his treasures,
clad In a frowsy working blouse, with
his sleeves rolled up. It is tho great
est prido of the celebrated cutter that
no man in tho shop can do so good a
job a ho can himself. All Id riches
will not take him out of tho realm of
tho buzzing wheels, whero tho glass Is
going through tho cutting process.
There aro seven of these, all of which
require skilled labor of a high order,
and at none of which can hurry bo
indulged. Tho prismatic Intricacies
of tho waro aro completed on a variety
of wheel supplied with sea sand and
dripping water. Tho most delicate
figure aro produced by tho employ
ment of wheels of various sizes. While
I stood by an artisan was cutting in
relief tho" crest of tho prince of Wales
upon a set of goblets ordered by a
wealthy Anglomatuac. The three wavy
plumes In .this heraldic sign were
brought out with all tho effectiveness
of a cameobndcr tho dainty touch of
tho workman. Mr. Hoaro told mo
that tho lead glass used for cutting
cost him CO cents a pound. Thero is
a loss of over 60 per cent, in weight
in producing the finished piece from
the uncut vessel. Tho manufacture of
this trlass is in itself very interesting.
The establishment is entirely distinct.
All tho bulbs used in tho millions of
electric- lami of the Edison plants
throughout tho world are made at
these work. A small army of men
were iillinC orders of this kind tho day
I went through. At tho Corning
works tho crucibles in which the glass
is smelted aro now being made. For
years it was thought necessary to im
port them, and as it is their manufac
ture is a trade by itself. Talk about
the mud pies of our childhood, hero is
where you see the wonderful pranks
of the gutter applied to a valuable in
dustry. Tho wet clay is kneaded and
mixed in troughs by men in bare feet,
who give it the required consistency
by repetitions of the process carried
on for whole days. Then tho clay is
lolled into strips of about tho diam
eter of bologna sausage, and in tho
hand of modelers built little by little
into the desired forms. Kach crucible
represents labor worth over $100. They
aro left to dry in a store-room for
eighteen months before being put to
the fearful test In the furnaccs.Syra
cuse titan J art I.
Georjro Wa Inside.
Tho son of a well-known New
Yorker left tho city last summer and
w ent to India to make his homo with
an uncle who had grown rich in the
Orient. Several months ago the family
received a letter from tho uncle saying
that' his nephew was dead, and tho
luidv had been embalmed and sent
homo by a sailing ship. Last week tho
vessel arrived here, and the young
mau's parents, attired in deep mourn
ing, went to receive tho remains. A
peculiarly-shaped box was delivered to
them and was removed to their home.
Wlmn the undertaker opened the chest
to five tho parents a last look at the
body it was found to contain a large
llcngal tiger. Tho surprised father at
niieo cabled to his brother in lmna:
Some mistake. George's body not
nrrlved. Collin contained llcngal
Last night this answer was received:
"No' mistake;' George insitlo tiger.
New York Mail.-
T - " 111
A most Industrious cla of people
nre the Finlamlcr in hlikatat count',
Washington Territory. Tho commune
prevail among them to a largo ex
tent. A late arrival comes from Fin
land and the settler come together
mid in a few days build a house ami
fence a farm for him. There is no sea
arm in which thev are idle. During
the run of salmon they will bo fount.
nt the canneries and hh-.ieels. When
winter come they are In the timber,
cutting rails, pons, and fuel.
Cow IX VTm
Drafted and IUMfl4 by U.
Finally It was decided that tho Fed
eral Constitution, a now completed,
should bo presented to tho Continental
Congress, and then referred to special
conventions in all tho States for ratifi
cation; and that when nine States, or
two-thirds of tho whole number.should
have ratified, it should at once go Into
operation a between such ratifying
When tho great document wa at
last draftetl by Gouverneur Morris,
ami was all ready for the signatures. the
aged Franklin jfrodueed a paper, w hich
was read for him, as his voice wa
weak. Some parts of this Constitu
tion, lie said, he did not approve, but
he was astonished to find it so nearly
perfect. Whatever opinion ho had of
Its errors he would .sacrifice to tho pub
lic good, and ho hoped' that every'
member of tho convention who still
had objection would on this occasion
doubt a llttlo of his own infallibility,
and for tho sako of unanimity put his
name to this instrument. Hamilton
added his plea. A few members, he
said, by refusing to sign, might do in
finite mischief. No man's idea could
be more remote from tho plan than his
were known to be; but was it possible
for a true patriot to deliberate between
anarchy and convulsion, on the ono
side, and tho chance of good to bo ex
pected from this plan, on tho other?
From these appeals, as well as from
Washington's solemn warning at tho
outset, wo see how distinctly it wa
realized that the country was on the
verge of civil war. Most of tho mem
bers felt so, but tt some the new gov
ernment seemed far too strong, and
therowere three who dreaded despotism
even more than anarchy. Mason,
Randolph, and Gerry refused to sign,
though Kandolph sought to qualify id
refusal by explaining that he could not
vet make up his mind whether to op
pose or defend the Constitution, when
it should be laid before tho people of
Virginia. He wished to reserve to
himself full liberty of action in tho
matter. That Mason and (Jerry, valua
ble a their services had been in tho
making of tho Constitution, would
now go homo and vigorously oppose
it, there was no doubt. Of the dele
gates who were present on the last
day of tho convention, all but these
threw signed the Constitution. In tho
signatures the twelvo States which had
taken part in the work were all repre
sented, Hamilton signing alone for
New York.
Thus after four month of anxious
toil, through the whole of a scorching
1'hiladclpliia summer, after earnest but
sometimes bitter discussion, in which
more than once the meeting had scorned
on tho point of breaking up, a colossal
work had at last been accomplished,
the results of which were most power
fully to affect tho whole future career
of the human race so long as it shall
dwell upon the earth. In spite of tho
high-wrought Intensity of feeling which
had been now ami then displayed,
grave decorum had ruled the proceed
Fngs; ami now, though few were really
satisfied, the approach to unanimity
was remarkable. When all was over,
it is said that many of tho members
seemed awe-struck. Washington sat
with his head bowed in solemn medita
tion. The scene was ended by a char
acteristic bit of homely pleasantry
from Franklin. Thirty-three year
ago, in tho days of Georgo II., before
tho first muttering of tho Revolution j
had been heard, ami when tho lrenen i
dominion in America was still un-
touched, before tho banishment of tho j
Acadian or tho route of Ilraddock, j
while Washington wa still surviving
land in tho wilderness, while Madison
was playing in tho nursery ami Hamil
ton was not yet born, lranklin had
endeavored to bring together the thir
teen colonic in a federal union. Of
the famous Albany plan of 1751, the
first outline of a federal constitution
for America that ever wa made, h
was the principal if not the solo au
thor. U hen he signed his name to tht
Declaration of Independence in this
very room, his years had rounded the
full period of threescore ami ten.
F.leven years more had passed, and ho
had been spared to see tho noble aim
of his life accomplished. There wa
still, no doubt, a chance of failure, but
hope now reigned in tho old man's
breast. On the back of the President .
quaint black arm chair there was em
blazoned a half-sun, brilliant with its
gilded rays. As the meeting was
breaking up ami Washington arose,
Franklin pointed to the chair, ami
made it the text for prophecy. "As I
have been sitting here all theno weeks,"
he said, "I have often wondered wheth
er yonder sun is rising or setting. Hut
now I know that it is a rising sunt"
John j'ikc in Atlantic.
Shoe for Ladles' Wear.
A laco boot or shoe comes nearer
fitting tho foot than any other. They
clasp tho instep, keeping the sole of
tho shot well up to the arch beneath,
and stay tho ankle, 'both of which will
enable the weaker to walk better ami
with far more ease than when, as is
always the case more or less with h
buttoned shoe, there Is too much room
given the foot to feel tho support of the
shoe. Ladies who walk a great deal,
especially those having high Insteps
hollowed out underneath, will certainly
find more ease in a laco short than in a
buttoned one. Dealers will often tell
us that they are not in fashion but
they can always bo had or made.
Skater need a laced hhoe for the same
reasons. Gentlemen nre wiser than
we in this respect. Tho majority of
men hao learned to appreciate tho
merits of a laco boot and now wear
Hr'HUnt Hoiton Cats.
Looking out in the street on day r
saw some cruel boy kicking a Tellov?
kitten, says LvdiaVery in tho fcoston
Transcript. SVo rescued It, and bring
ing It Into tho house it put its little paws
around my neck and licked my face,
thus showing its gratitude. Cats are
naitl to be less sagacious than dop. I
remember one we had when children
which would ftdlow us out into tha
street, walk behind us to tho houso
where wo spent the evening, sit on the
doorstep till wo came out. and then
follow us home. We have had several
which could open different fastening
with east. W e had ono that would
fetch ami carry like a dog, run after a
ball or irreen apple at any distance,
bring it back in its mouth, and, do this
a often as required. It has been said
that dog have been taught to say
several words. Wo have had cats
which could say "No," "I don't," and
"Now" as distinctly a persons. I
have not tho least doubt that almost
any animal could bo taught some word
if continually In tho socuty of ono per
son and petted. An Invalid lady who
lived not far from u had a canary
which would say: "I'm so, pretty. '
This bird died soon after its mistress.
A gentleman in Salem had a tame robin
which, constantly hearing tho phrase.
"It's timo for William to wash," would
say it after his wife. A stray cat,
dropped by some unfeeling person,
became the mother of four kittens,
which she lodged in a neighbor hen's
nest. These were drowned. Tho cat
found food in our yard. Tho next
brood of kittens were brought by her
and put into a box under the porch.
The box, lined with carpeting, was
put thero for any stray cat and she
found it,
Cats aro sometime accused of being
treacherous; this appearance is wholly
owing to timidity. Whatever faults
they may have may bo traced generally
to tho way they are treated. If a cat
is kept hungry she will be a thief, and
1 do not blame her. If she i struck
and kicked she will use her claws, and
who can blame her? If she Is left out
in tho cold shivering sho will visit and
often take up her abode with another
which is kind to her. It does not be
come man to accuse her of treaehery.for
man is tho most treacherous of all ani
mals. Hut whoever may neglect or ill
treat them they have more friends than
They are tho companion of tho sick
anil lonely, tho pet of childhood ami
age, and tho faithful servants of the
man. I have a friend who, when Sambo
Is asleep in her arm-chair, will take a
less comfortable ono for fear of dis
turbing him, like tho caliph who cut
off the corner of hi costly robe to rise
without awakening his favorite pet. I
have another friend who all winter
puts her cat, James Garfield, to bed In
Ids barrel with a hot soapstone. Some
may laugh at this, but is not extreme
kimlucs far better than extreme
cruelty. An artist friend has a cat
called" Diogenes, which has far better
lodgings than a tub. Another cat re
joices m tho name of I'otiinoiLs Hal
four. Jay Gould's; Outlawry.
It begin to bo noised about that
Jay (iotihl will astonish New York
next winter with some magnificent
receptions with which ho hopcu to
take the social world by storm. Ho
has found society unwilling to recog
nize him In ordinary channels. Sev
eral prominent clubs have declined to
admit him to mciuhcrship, and even
the Stock Exchange declines the hon
or of his company. Hut tho old man
has his money and his family, and
does not mimf it for himself. It is
I only on account of his boys that ho
desires to break through the wall of
prejudice. He had set Ids heart on his
sou Georgo marrying into society, and
it was a great disappointment when ho
took up with a penniless actress. Hut
he forgave him rendily, and tho two
aro inseparable. They go up and
down town together ami walk the
street arm in arm, ami it is plain that
the father would make any sacrifice to
gratify tho son. So, if money will do
it, tho boys will get into soefcty, ami
in this case money is pretty certain to
accomplish it. Society shut its door
grimly against the elder Vanderbilt
ami Astor, but opened them readily to
the millions of their sons. It may not
receive Jay GouldI question if ho
care a ducat about it but when the
boy shall come knocking for admis
sion with f0,0XUH) jingling in their
pockets, the golden knocking at tho
door will bo found to be irresistible.
Money alone can keep in tho social
race. It used not to bo so, but it is
undeniably so now. A. Y, Litter to
I 'h ilulc I ih ia llcrord.
Thero aro two brother living In
Hlddcford, Maine, who bear tho name
of John Weslie. Tim elder, when a
boy, was stolen by Indian, and after
a time lriven no for dead, ami a tomb
stone was set up to his memory. In
the meantime another son was born to
the family ami named after the first
John, who some years after was re
turned to his famfly. In the family tho
two boys are known a "Our John
anil "Indian John."
Esquimaux Joe, who acted a guide
ami interpreter to so many Arctic ex
petlitions, is supposed to have been
drowned near Marble Island. Joe,
his father-in-law, and his two brothers-
in-law, left Captain Jalebert late last
autumn in a whaleboat with deer meat
to trade with some whalers anchored
off Marble Island. No titling have
ever been received of the lat or its
occupants, and hence it Is concluded
that all were lost In ono of tho Arctic
hurricanes that sweep across the north
crn seas.
Fanertla on r,trt Cars.
Y7hen tho street car was first opened
In Mexico, an enterprising stockholder,
Senor Gayosso, bought up all the
hearse in the city. He then had
funeral cars built for tho tracks, and
procured the sole right to prepare
passengers and haul them to their lat
resting place. He is today one of the
wealthiest men in Mexico. Tho first
class funeral cars for adult aro built
of fine black wood. A raised part is in
the center of the car on which the coffin
Is placed. A canopy, exquisitely
finished, cover the entire car. the
sides being artistically draped. From
four to eight beautiful black horses,
with long plumes on their heads, haul
this strange car.
The two drivers aro dressed in fine
black suits, gloves ami high silk hat
bound with wide crape bantls. lno
colli n is placed on the rest prepared
for it, ami all around and over llowers
are placed. Following thl come a
train of cars with the friend. The
window are drained with white craps
and the door with black. A funeral
train will average twenty car and
more, if it is a person of wealth who
has died, but in tho hundred who fol
low a body to tho grave cannot be
found a woman or child.
I hive asked the reason why no
women ever attend funerals in Mexico.
It is against tho rules of society. Mr.
Gayosso says women are not allowed to
go to funerals because they cry too
much. However, a wife cannot go to
her husband's funeral, nor can a mother
follow its babe to the grave.
There is a similarity in all tho funeral
cars. Those for children are white,
drawn by white horses. Those for
tho poor are, like other things in this
world for the poor, cheap ami shabby.
Tho poor Indian can have a funeral
car and two passage ticket for oO cent
by applying to the police. Ho can even
idre a plain, unpainted collln to carry
tho dead to the grave. Once there,
the hotly is wrapped In a serapo and
consigned to a grave which has been
rented for from two to llvo years,
at tho end of that timo the grave is
opened and the bleaching bone aro
'ast. Into a corner kept lor that pur
oso, whero they lay bleaching in tho
lot Southern sun, exposed to tho gaze
of the public.
Funerals cost from 50 cent to f 2,000.
Ono of the prettiest custom in Mexico
Is tho universal respect which greets a
passing funeral. Every man, from tho
millionaire to the poor half-clad peon,
take off his hat until tho sad train has
assed. Well-dressed senoras bow
the heads and silently cross themselves.
while tho Indian women kneel In
prayer. City of Mexico Letter,
An lloneat Portrait of Victoria.
None of the published picture of tho
queen give a correct idea of her sho
is so much shorter than her photo
graphs represent her. Tim pictures
aro production of a photographic
trick. In all full-length photographic
portraits of the queen she is posed
standing on a raised platform. The
train of her tires is then brought
around in front so a to conceal tho
step on wlflch sho is standing, and by
this means sho is made to appear fully
four inches taller than sho is. Sho doe
not look to be much over live feet two
inches in height. Tho effect of even
this height is lessoned by her stout
ness. She is very stout, and when sho
stood up tho other afternoon to receive
Uetl Shirt at tho Wild West entertain
ment sho way anything but an impos
ing looking iigurc. I had a good ojh
portunity then for fifteen or twenty
minutes of seeing the chief ruler of En
gland. There was no visitor to the
Wild West show this year who was
more plainly dressed than the queen.
Sho rigidly adhere to black cashmere
dresses and plain cloth capes except
upon state occasions. It is said that
hIio wears these soft cloth on account
of her stoutness. Although sho is so
stout she does not look at all apoplec
tic. Her flesh look a hard as Iron.
Indeed there is something very stolid
and wooden-like in her figure and face.
Tho photograph of courso flatter her
greatly. I have not seen a photograph
of her in London which shows a
wrinkle in her face. Sho has but few
lines In her face, but theso are very
pronounced. Sho is very full under
the eyes. Sho has tho "pop eyes" of a
voluble talker. This fullness under
tho eyes is criss-crossed with wrinkles.
Her eye aro very largo. On each side
of her noso aro two marked lines.
Thero is not a wrinkle In her forehead
and only a faint lino at tho corner of
each of "her eyes. Her face show no
sign of care, annoyance, or anxiety.
It is a very cold face and has but llttlo
expression when she smiles. Ac w York
J. W. Seallen. one of the youngest
of tho New York florists, I also one ol
the most enterprising. He recently
made a center-piece for Augustin Daly
w hich was nineteen feet in diametcl
ami contained 12,000 llowcr.
A Genuine Magnetic Girl.
A Heaver Falls (Fa.) voting woman
of Third avenue is so full of electricity
that at a recent experiment with a
steel hairpin worn in her hair all day
tho pin was so thoroughly magnetized
that it held up sixty-nine needle when
attached to It by tho point. When
tho hair of the young woman is
stroked in tho dark it emits sparks,
ami when she walk In a quiet room a
queer crackling noise rati be heard, a
tf some one wa crushing nutshells.
To touch her I to receive a shtx-k a
from a magnetic battery, and It Is said
that recently a young man put hi
arm around her waist ami was
knocked llat and almost paralyzed.
The Countrj fJchool, atjd the rend
er's Boy.
Tha country school Is preeminently
the farmer's school. In it tho gre:
majority of tho farmers of to-day re
ceived their education, ami in it tha
great majority of those of tho next
generation will receive tho whole of
their schooling.
I the country school dolug what It
should for tho farmer's boy? la It giv
ing to the boy who w ill remain on the
farm that kind of an education which
will be the best preparation for life's
What is an education for? Why
should a boy spend so much timo in
tho school-room? Tho purpose of a
boys' education I to fit him for hi
work, whatever tiiat may be. Tho
education given In a country school
ought then to tit tho boy to bo a suc
cessful farmer, for that is to be th
1rofesion of most country school
ovs. What education does tho farmer!
profession demand? Tho ability to
read, write, and understand the En
glish language and to make readily all
.no ordinary numerical calculations
connected with his business this I
all, some say, that a fcirmer needs, and
this is practically all that many of tho
schools supply. Hut is this enough?
Shall wo set the standard of education
for tho farmer at tho very lowest
notch? Shall wo in this way say that
tho poorest education I sullclent for
the farmer? Wo certainly do not
think that farming i the occupation
for which tho poorest education is
sufllclenU Give the bov opportunity
to become acquainted with tho thing
around him. l'ut tho study of soils,
plants, animals, etc., into your school.
Ask your school-teachers to glvo in
struction of this kind. Demand of
them that they know enough to give
such instruction in the riaht way. If
you will demand only the best of teach
ers for your children, you can have
these tilings taught to them; but if
you aro willing to take, year by year,
tho young and ttoorly prepared teach
ers, tho work will not and can not bo
dono. You will have to pay roundly
for such etlleient teachers; but will it
not be tho best economy in tho long
run, for aro they not to instruct your
children for their whole life' work?
American Agriculturist. . . .
Bored by Ant. --
Tho most dreaded insect Invader I
tho white ant. In Africa their house
are dome-shaped mound often eighteen
feet high. These insects erect
pyramid ono thousand time higher
than themselves! Tho ants on their
travels so conceal their approach that
their presence is not suspected until
tho damage i done. 'I hey usually
tunnel into any object which they
attack, often reducing It to a mero
shell. In this way they have been
known to ascend within tho leg of a
table, devour the contents of a box
upon It, and descend through a tunnel
bored in another leg, all in one night,
an officer of the Knglish crmy while
calling upon some ladle in Ceylon wa
startled by a rumbling sound.
The ladle started with affright,
ami tho next instant they stood witk
only the sky above them; tho roof had
fallen in ami lay all about, leaving
them miraculously unharmed! Tho
ants had made their way up through
tho beams, hollowing them out until
a great part of tho framework of
the house was ready to fall at the
slightest shock. . Nicholas.
A harRO City.
If any ono were to walk one way
through all tho streets of London, ho
would be obliged to go a distance of
two thousand six hundred, miles, or a
far a it i across the American conti
nent from New York to San Francisco.
This will give an idea of what would
have to bo done in order to see even
the greater part of Loudon.
In our approach to this city, a well
a in our rambles through it streets,
we shall not bo struck so much by it
splendid and Imposing appearance a
by its immensity. Go whero wo may,
there seems to be no end to tho town.
It is fourteen miles one way, and eight
miles the other, and contains a popu
lation of nearly four million'' people,
which is greater, indeed, than that of
Switzerland or tho kingdoms of Den
mark and Greece combined. Wo are
told on gootl authority that there are
more Scotchmen in London than in
Ktlinburgh. more Irishmen than in
Dublin, and more Jew than In Pales
tine, with foreigner from "all part of
the world. Including a great number
of Americans. Yet there aro so many
Knglishmen In London, that one I not
likely to notice tho presence of theso
people of other nations.
This vast body of citizen, some so
rich that they never can count their
money, ami some so poor that they
never have any to count, eat every
year four hundred thousand oxen, ono
and a half million sheen, eight million
chickens and game biros, not to speak
of calves, hogs, ami different kind of
fish. They consume five hundred mil
lion oyster, which, although it seem
like a large number, would only give.
If equally divided among all the peo
ple, onu oyster every third day to each
jHTson. Thero are three hundred
thousand servants in London, enough
people to make a large city; but as this
give only one servant to each tloen
citizen,' It is quite evident that a great
many of tho people must wait on them
selves. Thing aro very unequally di
vided in Lomlon; and 1 have no doubt
that Instead of there being one servant
to twelve persons, homo of the rich
lord ami ladies have twelve scrvan:
apiece. Frank U. Stockton in tit,

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