The Diamond Drill.
M. H. MOIUARTY, Iubl!hor.
CRYSTAL FALLS, ; MICHIGAN.
Pay by day and year by year
We are growing old, my dear.
Drifting toward the shorties sea
Hounded by eternity.
In the far-off by and by
When tho dawn shall f lid the sky
Yet our eyta shall still beholl
Jlldnlght miracles of fold.
When the city of. tho-uoad
And the dark, clay-curtained bed
Hold our dust. In noma Klad way
X shall know you tii to-day.
I shall pee your smile and hear
Word like honey to my ear.
I ahull know your heart Is filled
With the Joy that mine has thrilled.
We have woven all our years.
In a wreath of smiles and tears.
And the heaven were a hell
Where but one of us might dwell.
Hotter that our souls should sleep
With our dust where roots shall creep
And within the rose combine
Color from your heart and mine.
Nixon Waterman, In A. W. Dullctln.
A GIRL WOltTII HAYING.
ii v ai'xt 1 1 on:.
ii v vyOUU father Is bet-
rr ',, ., f ter now, Miss Alar
V W it & A I ...
V V eia, ana im going
T ""A to let you Kit with
l?-', !sSJ9 no that vour moth-
er can rett. jiui
be careful that you
don't let him talk
ti: -"Ij- too much, won't
VtC:rAv4''v; "Yes, doctor. Hut
V S v- S do you think iu pa
jijjjj will ever bo well
grain, just ns well as he used tole?"
"It will be a long time before he will
be, und he may never be, but I hope he
jnny be quite strong, and able to gef
much enjoyment out of life, even If ho
xnust upend the rest of his days na a
Marcia winced u little at that word,
nnd the tear filled her eyes, but she
bravely forced them back. She did not
intend that the doctor should see her
crying; bIic was afraid he would think
she was not womanly enough to help
tuke care of her father.
"It will be hard for him to be a crlp
rJe, and hard for us to see him helpless,
but it Is bo much better than for us not
to have him nt all, that l can't feel any
other way than thankful alout it."
Kven as Mnrcta spoke, her voice trem
bled with suppressed feeling, but her
lips Mnilcd as pleasantly as usual, and
that was very plca&ant.
"Papa," she wild, cheerily, a minute
later, "I've beaten them nil; they just
had to let me take care of you. They
couldn't hatch up another excuse to pre
vent it. That's what comes of persist
ence. The doctor Raid you mustn't talk.
but he didn't say 1 mustn't; neither did
he forbid my kissing you, just once
"She'll do," said the doctor to himself,
s he started olT. He had been playing
eavesdropper, to llnd out if it were real
lv safe to leave a 10-year-old rirl in
charge of his very sick patient. Marcia
had only Been her father onw before,
id nee he had fallen from the high build
ing on which he was helping to build a
chimney, and she had been hastily sum
moned from Fchool, because t be
thought he was dying. The old doctor
had feared that she would "make a
i-cene," when Rhe did pee him. Hut the
wife was tired, the sick man would have
no strange nurse, and he had been call
ing for Marcia, so it had been thought
best to try her.
"If that bright-eyed girl had only
been a boy, there would be a little
brighter outlook for poor Morris,"
mused the doctor, as he rode towards
the next patient's house, "for then there
would be a prospect of help nt some
future time; but now it certainly looks
very dark for him."
It surely did look dark, and the sick
man, in spitu of the related injunction
not to worry, could not help wondering
over and over again what wan to become
of them all, and how they were to keep
out of the poorhou.se. A workingmun,
with a family to feed and clothe and edu
cate, and who has only his own hands to
deiend on, can generally manage to lay
ip but little for the proverbial "rainy
day." Hut when the rainy day has not
only put In its appearance, but has ren
dered the head of the house forever unfit
for labor, the outlook' is far from pleas
ant. The Morris family were fortu
nate in having their little home all paid
for, and enough money to help them
through the first weeks of their great
trouble; but, in the eyes of their neigh
bors, they were unfortunate in having
tin boys in the family. "If Marcia had
only been n boy, and could go to work!"
bad been said in her presence over and
over again, when sympathetic friends
had dropped in with well-meant advice
and suggestions na to the best way for
the troubled family to earn their dally
V,. rnn't T v..-l.- IN lv.t
"Why, you can, of course," was the
answer, "but what will It amount to?
(llrls get so little for their work; but
with a boy it is different. A biy of 10
Jk capable of earning ery good wages
"Neer mind, girls," Marcia would
sav, tinning to her three younger sis
ters, "we won't cry because we're girls
till we're very sure that girls are no
vood, will we? I believe we can help
papa and mamma Just as much as if w
w ere boys.'
"So do I," answered each one of the
sister", who alw ays believed everything
' Hut let us go back to the sick room
mid see how Mnrci.i Is getting along in
her new rale of nurse.
A I aid before, papa, you mustn't
talk, but there is no reason why you
shouldn't-listen. At least the doctor
didn't say vou ' shouldn't. I've been
thinking of somt'thing for two or three
days, und now my mind Is made up to
try It. if you are w illing. That is one
reason why I was so determined to take
care of you all by myself. I haven t
said a word about it to mamma yet, for
the is so perfectly distracted that she
can't think of anything else but Juat
you. Hut I'm more heartless thank for
tune! I speculated on what you were
thinking nbout, and was sure it was
money. You've been worrying about
bow we were going to live, haven't you?
Wink your eyes fast, this way, if I've
guessed right. There, I knew it ell the
time. Are you tired? Just shake yevr
head, but don't speak. Oh, papa, don't
laugh! don't, for anything! for that
will excite you, and then I'll get
scolded, and they won't let me see you
"You're most too careful," said the
sick man. "I have been allowed to talk
a little all along, and I guess it won't
hurt me to say yes nnd no now."
"Oh, won't it?" I'm awfully glad, for
it was almost too much for my gravity
to sec you lying there, blinking like a
sleepy owl. Hut I know you mustn't
talk much, or the doctor wouldn't luive
laid such fearful commands "on me.
Well, what I wanted to say is this: I
believe I've thought of something I can
do to help support th- family. I'm go
ing to be traveling salesman for a gro
Mr. Morris looked at his daughter in
amazement nnd opened his mouth to
echo her last remarkable statement, but
a plump band instantly covered it and a
merry laugh sounded in his ear.
"Oh, papa, don't speak, please don't!
I suspect I have spoiled everything by
giggling cut In that wny, but you did
look so funny! Actually, papa, you did
look too horrified for anything. Do you
ru noose anvone heard me laughing? I
hor! not, for I haven't got half through
with you yet. Now be patient, and I'll
explain. I was thinking how easily Mr.
Ilailev made it living. You know he is
traveling salesman for a grocery store;
and I came pretty near wishing that
I was a boy ho that I could 'go and do
likewise, (iuess I should have wished
it, if I hadn't been taken with the Idea
that I could do it nnywny: so I called
cn Mr. Allen nt once your look of hor
ror grows more intense, but don't you
dare utter a syllable and laid the plan
liefore him with many mhgivings, much
trembling, and n few tears on my stub
by eyelashes. Honestly, pajm, I was
pretty nearly frightened to death; but
Mr. Allen says he will give me ten per
cent, commission on all the groceries
I can sell, and I am to deliver everything
but Hour and heavy things of that sort.
I thought if I could make Dobbin use
ful, then wo shouldn't be obliged to
sell him, and you will need him when
you are able to ride out. J here, s
great many people in this city, and it
seems as if I could persuade a few of
them to buy their groceries of me.
doesn't it? What do you think of the
plan? Are you willing I should try?
Mr. Morris nodded assent. There was
no need this time for his daughter to
w arn him not to speak, for he couldn't
have said a word hod he tried.
"All right, papa," answered Marcia,
"I'll begin to-morrow, and oh, how I do
hope I shall succeed! I might go out as
a child-nurse or housework girl, but I
couldn't earn much, and I don't want to
go away from home. I w ant to tarn just
is much money us a loy would, nnd stay
at home, too. Ami, you see, u t can
work up in this, (lertic can help me after
Mamnvicame in just then, and was in
formed that papa was much hotter, for
YOU AUK MOST TOO CAKEFUL.
he had been receding treatment from
an excellent mind-cure physician, w liose
K'rviei he wouldn t exchange for a
dozen Mr. Wilsons.
Marcia went nt her new work ener
getically, just as she did everything
else. She. found many disagreeable
things alxut It, and met many impolito
people, and experienced not a few di-
couragements, but she would not, givo
un. and she finally succeeded In earn
ing a very gool living for her family.
P.very foreman Is hpent In taking or
ders for groceries; every afternoon in
delivering them. She is prompt, busi
ncsslike nnd pleasant, and is welcomed
In many homes where a man would not
be tolerated. As fast as she got regular
customers whose patronage she was
sure of, he put them on her list to bo
vi'ited on crtaln days of the week.
and gradually (iertie was brought to
be of use In taking their orders, w hile
in r-i:i. went into new ouarters to
"drum up new trade," ns she delighted
in ..'ailing it.
Mr. Morris is not able tr work, nnd
never will lo again, but their pretty
little home has not been mortgaged.
ns the neighbors said it would have to
be; the horse and buggy have not been
sold the family is not In debt, nor do
they depend on their neighbors fur help,
rml evcrvnne s obliged to confess that
tbfy get nlong fpiite as well as they
lou'id have done had Marcia been a boy.
While the men of Wichita county,
Kan., are talking reform the women ate
, marketing 500 dozen eggs ji week.
to Mart Out on
The old colored man, who stepped
cautiously into the depot, appeared to
be dressed for un important occasion.
His long broadcloth coat was rather
rusty, and hi silk hat did not si-cm
toed to being brushed the right way.
He stood just inside the door, ami. henu
ingover, w ith his umbrella behind him,
iH-ered cautiously around through the
. -. . . , . . : i
spectacles w hich lie hail ncen pouMiuiK
with trreat care. His manner seemed so
diffident that one of the men employed
in the place was moved to come to his
Anything we can do fur you? he
Vessuh, I reckon iar is. was iur
.. 1 . -.1 . .. .1.. l-..n,u
answer. is on ue pjaic v hum tic .
stahts away f'um to whah's dey's
You mean, is tins the place where tne
trains go out?
"Vassuh," was the answer, with n
Yes, this is it. Where are you oouna
No place in particklar. 1 jes wants
Hut you must have some destina
"I didn't know 'bout dat. Hut mcbln
de ol' lady was posted an packed it up
foh me. Duh's er pow'ful sight o col
vittles an tlxiu's in dat kyahpetbag. '
"Hut where do you w ish to go?'
"Jes' travelin I ain't nebler been
away r um nome. ne uum-
money saved up an ue iu.muu 't"
dat 1 orter celebrate my birfday by
takin er 'scursion an' seein de sights
er dis grvvnt country. I sgot twenty-ion
dollars an eight cents. How much is
half er dat?"
"Twelve dollars nnd four cents."
"I reckoned I'd git on de kyahs an'
travil dat much worf one way an den
git tie conductor ter staht me back foh
d balance o' de money."
Haven't you any idea about the train
you w ant to take?"
"When do one go .
"There's a !:::( train."
"An' ef 1 doan git dat I reckons I'll
haftcr wait tell teriaorrer."
No. There are lots of trains; the
10:H train, the ll:., the 11 tne
12:15, the 1:03"
Hem all soun's good. Hut, honey.
and he leaned oerconfidentially,"dah's
one t'ing I'd like ter ax yer."
What is it?"
Yoh see, dishere's a kin' er frolic
foh me, an', while yo wus nnmm em
over, 11 jes nappeneu icr siiiixr on.
Yoh isn't got er 7:11 train, is yer?
ItnltlfH, Itllilmiift mi I.nees Have
(Iteti Tlirm That Xnm.
The new gowns for early spring are
called cloud gowns. This word "cloud"
Is a general term, and applies quite as
well to the new goods, laces, rihlsms.
parasols, gloves, veils and even hand
kerchiefs, as to frocks. For some tune
past the lighter materials for wear, as
far im it was ltossible. have been in tho
thine, Dresden, Mikado, Punjab, Man
darin, pluinetis, cheeked, hair-lined.
plaided and ilotted designs. This was u
relief from the plain colors, and also
from the conventional effects.
The splash, dash, shadow, beam, glint.
dazle and delicacy of the chine and
lu-oden silks have made them almost
the most attractive materials ever put
upon the market, bast year it seemed
as though they could not be improved
upon, but this year the designs have
yrown even more delicate nnd dainty.
They are masses of color, streaks of
hues, and just the faintest intimations
of lines, llovvers, leaves and moons, in
fact they have developed into clouded
The organdies, dimities, batUtes, In
dia and ( hina silks, taffetas, French
inghams, Swiss mulls, satincttcs and
crejM cloths are now hcing manuiae-
tu red In the most fascinating patterns.
Changeable silks will he very popular.
ns poplins, watered silks and brocaded
In one new line of fancy surahs, the
patterns appliipieil or woven in are the
wings of different birds. TJw-se wings
and feathers, plumes ami heads, which
have been ornamenting the spring and
winter hats, are beautifully copied and
nre embroidered or woven into the Mlk
surfaces with such skill as to almost
tquul in color and shape the originals.
N, Y. Mail and Fxprcss.
(prluK AN rip.
Tho spring Jacket has not evolved It
self Into any fl.vd special shape, for
there are w raps and w raps this season
very short, medium, three-quarters,
it ml reaching the skirt hem in redingote
form and they are made for every pos
sible occasion, from a walk in a drench
ing 1 1 n storm to a walk up the church
aisle at a grand wedding; of all ma
terials, from Tge and Harris home
spun to a white satin velvet or cloth
lndcro lined with satin brocade. There
are also very elegant dress jackets
made of the palest shades of ladies'
cloth or light-weight Melton, lined w ith
satin of a m.itching or delicately-con
trasting tint, ami trimmed cither with
elaborate appliques in cut work or w ith
simple silk stitching and expensive but
ton'. These Imported jackets cost quite
ns mucii as nn eiaoorateiv-oeconiieu.
velvet garment of the best quality. The
exhibit also contains oddly-fashioned
Iiiissian coats, KnglUh walking styles,
in severest tailor trim, ami French crea
tions displaying many coquetries. The
varied spring shapes shov collars, both
hi'h and low, and are both single and
double-breasted. Conspicuous anwwg
the new garments olTetv.l are Polish
coats of vlv'd red tailor riot u, showily
braided in black. X. Y. Po-t.
Tin I'olUn Dot ):nlu.
Hed foulards led dimities and red
law n arc lib.-rally sprinkled thiouuh the
Hock of summer materials, ami the
large w hite poll a dot o:i blue ground
i ne of the newest pattern. Chicago
STORY OF "FIRST CLSPHmNTS.
i;rllrnee to Show That Jen tictte Win
Mot the r.tirlteat in ,u:.orlea.
The Africa n elephant. Jennet to, w h ic h
died recently at Peru, ImU while un
doubtedly "one of the linst" elephant
to be ltniorted to this country, was not
"the" first to reach these chores. Ac
cording to reliable accounts, Jeanette
did not reuch New York until 1S24.
There Is indisputable evidence to show
another elephant arrived, from Hen gal
nearly 20 years earlier, and that tstill
another was brought here as early as
1801. The first elephant to reach this
country arrived in New York in lTOflon
Ixjard the ship America, of which Capt,
Jacob Crowiniishicld. uf Salem. Maes.,
was master. This animal was sold ujsju
its arrival in New York for $10,000. and
was extensively exhibited throughout
the east. The Hoston Gazette adver
tised Its second npinMranee in that city
o i Christinas day, 17'J7. It w as a female,
and then about three years old.
Another elephant arrived hero In ISO!
and was extensively exhibited during
the next dozen, years. This animal was
also a female, and was known as "Old
Het." Sho was maliciously killed In
Khodo Island in 1S1G. There w as a cur
tent reiort that tho animal's hide was
bullet proof, and to tost the truth of t his
statement a boy w as instigated to con
ceal himself beside the road along
which the elephant was to pass and
fire when it came within range. He
did so. The bullet struck the rnimal In
the eye, causing Instant death. Tlw
hide of this elephant wan stuffed and
mounted, and was for many years one
of the attractions of the American mu
seum in New York, being part of the
collection which afterward came into
the possession of the late P. T. Harnum.
Old Het" was brought to thi.i country
bv a sea captain named Ilailey, nnd was
sold to his brother, llackeriah Hallcy,
of Somcrs, X. Y., one of the earliest
American showmen. When he retired
from tho show business, nlsmt 1S-1, he
opened a public house In the little town
of Somers. He called it the l.Icphant
hotel. In front of the. house he creeled
a monument of "Old Hot," which was
i till to be seen withiik a few years. 1 he
image of "Old Het" was carved in wood,
f.ome t hree feet high and almut four feet
long. This figure was originally gilded,
but after a few years' exposure tho
gilding worse off, and It was then
painted a nrt of drab, not unlike the
animal's natural color.
Another elephant which was brought
to this country early in the present cen
tury developed a bad temper, and after
it had killed several keepers it broke
away while traveling through South
Carolina in 1827, r.nd after being pur
sued for many miles was finally shot
to death by its followers. This latt-r
auinxal has often been confounded In
showmen's traditions with "Old Het,"
but there is reasonably good evidence
that this one wa.s a male and was
brought to this country about 1814.
A pair of elephants brought to this
country some timo about 130, and
Known as Pi.arro and Virgin in, were
drowned in 1917 while endeavoring to
swim the Delaware river. Hannibal,
a large elephant, which w as brought to
this country nunc time In the 'i'.Os, was
exhibited until the .summer of IstiS,
when he. died of lung fever in Conter
ville, Md. Columbus, another large nnd
an extremely vicious elephant, fell
through a bridge, in Xorth Adams,
Mass., in October, ISM, and was fatally
Another vicious brute among the
earlier elephants brought to thia coun
trv was the. animal Known v.a Hoineo,
wlio Killed -several keepers, and finally
uioii in i nieago in i-i. .i we
of his death Homeo was owned by tho
late Adam Forcpaugh, ami was saiI
to be the oldest and largest elephant
then owned in this country. Chicago
WOLVES IN RUSSIA.
They Are I'rrncloim nml Destroy
Many Domestic Arilinnln.
W hen they cry wolf in the government
of S.-ratolT, Kussia, It means something.
During the last two years w olvcs t hvre
have devoured, according to the otticial
ret urns, 1 l.OnO horses, lo.cou horned cat
tle, r.n.OOO sheep, .1.MM mv inc. l.C'") d:gs
and l.M't) fowl. They have aboduring
the same period attacked C,s pcrsonr, de
vouring two on tho spot ami inflicting
fatal wounds on V2 other. In France it
is estimated that .V)'),ii;) of the.se ani
mals exist and the damage inflicted by
them b set down at about 50,;no,n!:t)
francs annually. A regular body of
men, numbering over l.ooo, called the
louveterie, is maintained to keep down
wild beasts, and the force has a certain
cflicicncy, but Is unequal to Keeping the
country clear of them. From time to
time high luntios for wolf sea'.p have
U-en paid, as much as 200 franca In the
case of a known man-en.ter, dreaded
therei as the man-eating tiger is in the
Hindoo v illages; but the animal is never
extirpated. In some years his ravage
is greater and In others less, but he is
always in evidence. In this country he
has lx-on pretty well put down in the.
inhabited parts. A few days ago a pro
digious wolf drive was set on foot in
Atchison county, Kan., the square miles
Wing eovorod and 700 persons partini
pat.imr. Thev rounded up 200 jack rab
bits, but not a kinglewolf. Cors'uleHug
KU fiorei. and nrodatory character
abroad and his resistance to a!l cuYrts
to destroy him. the American animal
must be set down as n rather meritori
ous creature, easily aim -liable tr. extinc
tion nnd not so drp ratcly destructive,
even, where it continues to maintain n
frothohh N. Y. Tribune.
I.lftle Itnnlwoou There :oit.
There vva ; a time not long "?ro when
the "h:" woods" of Minnesota v i red it
te,1 brie and there bv lnriivoo.l mil's
t !iat were a cor.f'drrabh' ujf, of it
,., ,!,(., To-day ti:r t. of th"e mills nre
"one. Th" gre.it belt of timber in ont'i
central Minnesota. Krown ns the "b'ir
woods." is fat pn'-tirc ." e. 'i.v ?r.d it v.lU
b but a short time befi . e farmers !n a
Tcrv large territory will be udrr? co.il
fv- fuel. -Ch-ca jo Tribune.
GOOD TIMES COMING.
Panics Are t'nLiiowii Wherever lot
proved Honda Are Introduced.
That gcod roads will bring prosperity
Is no Idle dream. Through all the panic
and depression of the last three years
the farmers in the few good-roads dis
tricts of the country have gone on mak
ing money aud Improving 'their farms,
and they have not troubled themselves
much about politics or finance.
It Is enforced Idleness that makes
farmera poor, and no farmer need b
idle a day on account of bad weather or
wet ilehls if only his roads are good. On
a good road there Is always paying
work of some kind, nnd wet weather la
just the time to go on the road. The
French farmer never loses a good day
in his fields, for he can do all his market
ing and hauling of fertilizers in rainy
What prosperity would burst upon
this country if every farmer and farm
er's boy, not at school, and every farm
hand nnd team could earn a full day's
wages every day in the year, rain or
When you have convinced your neigh
bors in the cities, and especially those
of them who are candidates for public
life, that the Interests of the city popu
lation demand that they shall come to
the relief of the farmers, you can go to
the farmers with this assurance of help
and ask them to take Into careful con
sideration the practical measures by
which this relief can be brought alout.
and especially the measures for provid
ing state aid and for the use of convict
labor. It is only through state and
county aid that the cities and villages
can licit). II vou mm uie iarmers
, v m rt 1 At... M
clinging to the old ways, say to them
that these ways are mainly an unfor
tunate inheritance from the mother
country, which we brought away with
us and failed to shake off when the sys
A itODKL COUNTHY ItOAD.
ter.i was abandoned there; and that to
day in lireat Hritain not only nre the
roads maintained at the gen oral cost of
the jH'ople, but government loans are
made for any specially heavy improve
ments that are de-sired. Two hundred
years ago the great highways of that
ct untry were kept up, so far ns they were
kept up at all, just as they are in this
state to-day, by local taxation, wane
they actually served the people of the
I'pon the convict labor question, let
them understand that 1,000 idle men are
being marched about in Sing Sing pris
on to-day for exercise, whose labor, If
properly directed, could provide the
material for thousands of miles of good
roads every year, ami that tne nonesi
industry of the country pays for main
taining these criminals in Idleness.
These things would be Incredible if told
in 1'ngland to-d ay. They would be a
bitter reproach to our republican Insti
tutions. And they would add another
argument, and a most powerful one, for
t hose w ho claim that our system of gov
ernment cannot care for the economic
interests of the people as well as a mon
archy. It would be a fata! indictment,
against our b.stiUitions, if It must le
truly said, that a free people, in a rich
country, cannot fecure for themselves
the blessing of good roads. (Jen. Hoy
PLANTING THE LAWN.
Vnliuthle ifiuuH( Ioiim for Settlnu; O'lt
Tree mill Sli rulter y,
"When planting trees jn the lawn,"
writes F.v an I'. Jiexford, in the Ladies'
Home .Journal, "we must remember
that the tree of to-day is only a hint of
what the tree of ten or 20 years to come
will be. The trees we plant to-day, per
haps five or six feet tall, nnd with a
spread of branches riot more than two
fcej across, should In n dozen years from
Iiovv, stand . icei nign, ami nave n
spread of 13 or 20 feet. If w e plant them
but ten or twelve feet apirt now we
will have, lit the stnge of development
they are expected to reach In n doen
years, a perfect thicket of branches
overhead and dense shade beneath.
N'e.er plant with regard to 'regularity,'
that Is, 'so many feet apart each way,'
as the rule has been laid down for orch
ards. "If you want several shrubs on a
small lawn, and the space Is too smnll
to allow you to set them as far apart ns
they .-.;jght to be, In order to give them
the benefit of space Individually, group
them, that Is plant them In a clump.
The idea is to mnke the three, or four,
or fiv! shrubs which you plant in the
pro up produce a unit of effect w hich will
give much the same impression Hint one
well-developed specimen would. 15 y
selecting v arh ti s in which there is
contrast of color as to foliage, ns well
as llovvers, satisfactory results may be
secured. In Hie Irregularity which
produce charming effects there Is al
ways a method and a plan."
Never buy trees and plants at any
price that have been unduly mutilated
at the n ot, and the roots being fairly
supplied, never cut away more of the top
tba:i just suflleieut to bring the tree
into r.s synmietric.il shape hs possible.
Dig when ilje, ard not until lij.e.
1'otatoes are not ripe or fit for market
wUeu the kiu will rough in hauclliog.
l'nle All Patrons Work Toaether It
Cnnnot Ue Achieved.
If creamery butter U better than aver
age dairy butter it Is because the man
agement at the creamery is upon a high
er scale than in the average private
dairy. There is no gain in taking the
milk of a doen or more second or third
class farmers and handing It over to an
unskilled creamery man to make into
butter. Two inferiors do not make on
superior. Two ciphers cannot by any
arrangement be made into a ' whole
numlKT. A successful creamery must
have not only a skillful manager and
butter maker, but a guaranteed supply
of gxd, sound milk or cream in fcut'l
cient quantity to utilize the capacity of
the concern. The more cows the greater
will be the percentage of profit. Nor
can the butter-maker alone control the
character of the butter product.
Poor, dirty milk cannot appear later
In form of first-class butter. The skill
and Intelligence, indispensable at a
creamery, must extend out among the
milk producers. Poor cows yielding
but little milk can never pay their keep
ing, nnd no number of them, howevet
great, can render a creamery profitable
to its patrons. lor the highest nie
ces tinder a cooperative system each
individual must put forth the same elTort
that would be required for success in
private management. Dairymen who
jcln a creamery association expecting
to gain more than they give are hardly
deserving of pity when they discover
Xo one has any business to ask for
anything beyond w hat he Is w illing to
give an equivalent for. Ien join in rais
ing the heavy frame of a building be
cause they can accomplish in that way
what they could never do singly. A man
who on such an occasion does nothing
but "holler" is a sneak and when found
out Is alw ays despised. Not less mean
is It to join a creamer association and
then carry poor milk, expecting to di
vide the profits of those who furnish
the best they know how. Cooperation
is a success only when each works for
all and r 11 for each, nnd this idea lies at
the bottom of all tonus ot associated
effort whether In the factory, tln
grange, the municipality or the church.
D UTTER-MAKING RULES.
VnluaUle Hints from the Cornell
The Instructor at Cornell agricultur
al college, Ithaca, N. Y., has sent out a
list of rules about butter-making- and
ripening cream. He says:
The practical part of cream ripening
is this: Keep your vessel so that It
may all ripen evenly nnd thus avoid loss
in churning. Ualse the temperature to
C2 or OS degrees and keep it as near that
temperature as possible until ripe, and
then cool before churning. Well rljHMiotl
cream should be coagulated or thick
ened. It should run from a height In a
smooth stream like oil. When a ind
die Is dipped into it and held in the
hand, it should stick all over In a
thick even coat, not running off In
streaks nnd showing the surface of the
paddle. When the last drops run oft the
paddle back into the vat they shouhl
leave little dents or depressions on tho
surface, which do not close up for an
Instant. The cream should have asatir
gloss or fro'sh surface. Churn until thn
granules are the size of wheat l:rnela;
then draw olT the buttermilk m wash
through two or three waters, whirling
the churn a few times around. Use from
a pint to a quart of water per pound of
butter. Have the water nt n tempera
ture of 10 to -13 degrees In hot w eather
and from SO to 02 degrees In winter, al
ways dopending-upon the season, natur
al .solidity of the butter, warmth of the
room ami size or grannies, jr you no
not care about feeding the washings, I
would put some salt in my first wash
water. It will help to float the granules
better, and perhaps dissolve out the
casein to some extent. I would genernl
! salt the butter in the churn.
KEEPING COWS CLEAN.
Arm ti. 'lenient Which lias Ileen
Tried Willi Xucee-.
The illustration shows a device tint
has been tried successfully for keeping'
cows clean in the stable. The frame
that Is Fhuwn comes from Iowa and
now to Ki:i:r cov clkan.
stands an Inch above tb "ow' backs,
just forward of the rump. When drop
ping manure, the cow must step back
Into the gutter as she c annot round up
her back when the frame is In place.
Have the side pieces screwed .o tightly
to the lieains overhead that Ibe frm
will stay at any angle It Is put. It can
thus be swung up out of the way when
the cows are out of the stable. Ameri
1l.r Deliornloir of t'nttle.
The tiroeess of dehorning cows
nil now. Some object to It
on ti e grounds of cruelty. That the oj-
eration of taking oj the horns Is pain
ful to the animal is self-evident to any
one w ho w itnewscs the operation. When
one sees how peaceable the cattle be
come, when there Is no more goring1
each other, and he observes other
fuvorable nsuitf. the feeling of eiuelty
pusses away and he b very apt to be
converted to the practice. Wfceth-r
there I nn.v thing in the coincidence or
not, it is tl'ie testimony of some of the
let dairymen that the Uow of milk U
iucrca-td and the quality inijuuud.
Htlt l .
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