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Ihvr Tariff Law Stimulates Our ExpGrt Trade. jTle Old Worltl AVIIIintr to Take YaM Quantities nt I'rlcea Initial to Tlietac l'ald la This Coanlr)', LouU Halle is beck from England with JJl.O'JO.WO worth of orders for American jnaelc goods us a result of ten weeks' work. He says that the selling of Yan kee products in the mother country is ns eusy u.h the showing of the goods, ind that the prices current in the United States arc from 10 to 15 per cent, lower than in England, despite the fact that American wages are much higher. "It seems to me that one of the main reasons for the improvement in the times is due to the vast increase of im portations," Kuid Mr. Halle. "I was liniazcd at t lie success I hail in belling poods made in Chicago and the east. The English ure crazy after our wares. The manufacturers there are quickly learning they cannot compete with United States shops. We can undersell them on the very things they have been shipping h"re for half a century. The Jnglisli buyers Insist on having Amer ican goods, and there are many signs that the I'nited States is rapidly becom ing master of the world in matters of Commerce. This is the reason for much of the foreign legislation which is aimed against American industry and 3 in port at ions from America. "This demand for American goods is 3iot confined to any one line. My orders embrace at least a dozen varieties and include leather goods, carriages and wagons, hardware, brassbedsteads, f ur Tiiture, essential oils, iron and brass riv ets and buttons, and canned fruits. The exjM)rtatiou business of this coun try Is only in its Infancy, and the tide of Kales nbroad has just set in. This is to be the salvation of the countrj'. We Lave been manufacturing more tliau we could consume. The creation of n great outlet into England and the continent "Will open all the mills and put all the idle at work. "England Is looking more and more to America for its largest supplies in food products. I am planning to ship a load of fresh fruit next month the first consignment of the kind tei Liv erpool. The ship will b loaded with bananas, oranges, pineapples and the like. I visited Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham, 'tilasgow and other ports of importance, ami I want to tell the manufacturers of the United Statesthat all they have to do to well their goods ion the other side is to show them. They can get the same prices that they lo at home and still beat the. English competitors by a good margin. The same feeling concerning American g-ood.s is spreading through Paris and France. We can beat them in the cost jriee Wcausc we have, the best ma chinery on the. globe and our labor is r.iore intelligent and works underhigh er inspiration. The bulk of the exporta tion orders which I brought home will be rilled right here In Chicago." THE ANTI-TRUST LAW. It Mmitlft it nn I'mliirlnir Monument of II eputtl Ion n l.ouUla t Ion An Important Decision. An important decision has been made "by the United States circuit court of appeals for the Sixth circuit, applying the broad interpretation of the anti trust net of ls'jo, which interpretation was established by the United States supreme court last year in the trans itu sou ri case. The court hold that contracts as mil as combinations in re straint of trade are forbidden by the act of If-Hf). Heretofore only combinations for the regulation of trnfiic or of trade have "been brought to the nttenliou e;f t In courts. Tin court now holds that con tracts' which were in unreasonable re straint of trad' were at common law not unlawful, in the sense- of being criminal, but wire simply voiel and were not enforceable by the courts be fore the passage of the federal anti trust law. The c licet of the act of iS'.to Mas to render such contracts unlawful in ini niVinnative or positive sense, to make them punishable as a misde meanor and to create a right, of civil action for damages. Every case which is brought before the circuit court or the appellate courts of the I'nited States, on complaint of violation of the federal law of IS'.iO, must, of course, !)( adjudicated upon its own merit"'. Hut the rulings of these courts seem to be gradually growing broader, and they now appear to pro hibit nery conceivable form of contract which can be construed a j a lolation of the Anti-trust law of ISOrt. This act is now found to be even more comprehensive in Its provisions, under the Interpretation of the supreme court decision, than was probably contem plated by its author, Senator, now Sec retary Shermrn. It stands as on en during monument of republican legis lation; It has withstood the ordeal of examination by the highest. court in the land, and it can be cited as evidence of the attitude of the republican' party re garding trusts. Alllternllte and Olijnricatorr. The "dead and damned Wilson bill" 5s the alliterative and objurgatory man lier in which the St. Louis Star-Say Ings alludes to a law that was chiefly Xio'.able for its fecundity In respect of Import?, deficits and bond issues. As a tariff measure this law was in other rc apects quite rotable. It secured the ad miring regard of all foreign countries and the commercial wreck of It own country In about equal proportions. In many ways- It wos a remarkable law. jS'ot the least among its peculiarities v;is the fact that It was, o far as the people of the United States were con cerned, quite generally damned before tt was dead. LACK kHCOURAGEMENT. What tlie Dimcultr la with Afneil. ran Milnplnic Fi-rlght Hates and Subtllea. A writer in the Nineteenth Century complains of the Germans that by sub sidizing' the North German Lloyds they have made it possible for that steam ship company to cut the rates on East Indian freight in two, and to reduce the passenger rates nearly as much. He also wails that the German manu factures ure sold at til Knit half the rates of English goods. Of course he claims that the German goods are poorer than the English, and intimates that if the subsidy to the North German Lloyds was withdrawn the line would have to go out of business. This is very good considering the Im mense subsidy the Peninsular and Ori ental line has been receiving from Eng land since 1837. Germany understand this fully, and has decided to increase her subsidy rather than withdraw it. Experience has proved that this sub tidy Increases German trade. The gen eral public has cheaper communication and cheaper freights. All the world gains through the payment of the (Her man subsidy except J.ritish interests. In railroad transportation, whether we take for our standard speed, luxury or cost to the public, this country Is ahead of all the rest of the world. The machinery of our railroads has been pro tected by our tariff, the roads' them selves have, until the Canadian Pacific wns built, been protected by position, and we have nearly half the railroad mileage of the w orld. Our oversea shipping has been unpro tected and unsubsidized, while the sub jidies to Hritish ships have averaged if.l.OOO a day. The result Is that Great Hritain has over half the shjpplng of the world, and they never reduce freight or passenger rates on sea ony more linn they have their railway rates on land. Mr. Ackworth, the great English ex pert, says In a late letter to the London Times: "In the last .10 years our English methods of operation have remained practically stationary, and our English railway rates have fallen so little that the outside public doubts whether they have fallen at all. During the same period the average receipts of the Penn sylvania (railroad) have fallen from Id. per 1on per mile to only a fraction over Vid." And the result Is that when they want either good locomotives or locomotives in a hurry, they come to this country for them. Whatever our fierce nnglomaniacs may make, the whole world, as well as this country, loses by the lack of en couragement which keeps us off the. sea. TRUE STATESMANSHIP. The American People Have a 1'remt dent of. Whom Thejr May Well He l'roud. GOOD LUCK AND MANAGEMENT. Wliereliy America Trnile llnlnnoe for 1M7 Is Nearly jt IOO,oM),oM An Knifllali Complaint. The fact that Great Hritain's foreign trade for 1S'.7 shows an increase of but 0.51 per cent., as against an increase of 7.39 in lS'll, G.CG in 1 '.).". and 5. .10 in IS'jC, impresses the London Economist as a very unfavorable showing. It is unite of expansion less than the growth of population in the United Kingdom. On this subject the Economist remarks: "Hut the causes of the comparative unex panpivenoss of our foreign trade last year are not far to seek. For one thlritf, many of our best customers were stifferinK from barl harvests, ami were consequently un able to buy from us us much as they other wlse would have done. It Is true that this worked to the advantage of the United Slates, where abundant crops were reaped, which, owing to the Hearelly elsewhere, !t was euay to el peso of at relatively hlRh price s. Hut there w.i.h no eorrcupondlntf In creao in the imports of foreign products by the states, because of tho prohibitive effec t of the new Dinley tariff, and our trade, consequently, did not obtain In that elin t-tion any apprr luble e oinpi iis.i Hon for the cunt racttun in othe r eium tern." From the Eritish view point this is a saei state of things which would not hae -isted, but lor the Dinglcy law. I'mler the Wilson-Gorman law the case would have been altogether diiicrent. Then the United Slate s, being exce p tionally f.ivorcd in an alninelanee ejf crops which. were marketable nbroad at unusually good prices, woulel lmtu frittered away its advantage by spend ing all the surplus money in the pur chase ef foreign goods, and the traele which Great Hritain lost in conse quence of bad harvests in other parts ef the world woulel have bee n made goed by larger purchase's by the I'nited States. It was not so under the Dinglcy law. As the result of that eminently sound enactment the I'nited States was abb; to expand its foreign traele' by an enor mous increase in exports, while at the same time' diminishing its imports in nn almost equal ratie, so that our favor able trade balance for the seven months cmling January 'Jl was about $.'177,000, 0(10. Americans will be unable to share the sorrowful regrets of the London Economist in this eemnectiem. They are rather disposed to congratulate themselves upon n commercial comli tion which is the result of good luck and goexl management In about equal proportions. I.ocemtotlve for lnrope. The Ha Id win loeoumtive works, of Philalelphia,haveju.it receiveel an order from Eirypt for 1.1 heavy locomotives. It Is noticeable that the Egyptian state railway is under Hritlsh control, butour locomotives are not only superior In and cheaper than those built in England, but our builders' can furnish them on shorter notice. The free traele plan was to have all such things as locomotives built in England, but our oliey of prev tretion has changed all that, to the great advantage of locomotive users. The president of the United State doeu not represent nor exercise the full power of the government of the United States. Vet this opinion is entertained by many persons who should know bet ter, and the president is sharply criti cised because ho has not plunged th'e country into war. Even if he possessed the power to de clare war, which he does not, he might well hesitate to take that step. War always is terrible, but with modem en gines it is appalling. Who can predict what would follow an encounter be tween the cruisers New York and Viz caya? How many of the crew of either would survive? Would either ship sur vive the battle? In such war as will be conducted hereafter, for what will Indi vidual valor count? Merciless engines dexterously and promptly operated will decide lights and the fate of nations. Therefere, even though Mr. MeKin ley possessed the power to declare war, he might well hesitate before taking the final step, lint he does not possess that power, and In calling upon cen gress to net he brings the country to a realizing sense of the fact that the ex ecutive is but a coordinate branch of the government. The encroachment of the executive upon the legislative branch of the gov ernment constantly practiced during the administration of Grover Cleveland caused a large portion of the American people to lose sight of the constitution al prerogatives of the legislative branch, which in some respects arc su perior ami greater than those of the ex ecutive. Mr. CItveland derided that branch ami sought In many ways to bring it into disrepute. Mr. McKInley, a trained nnd experienced statesman, who has studied the constitution of his country with care and Intelligence, de fers to the legislative branch of the gov ernment. lie has written a message which will be read with admiration and approval by all generations to come that uphold nnd support republican Institutions. He has brought the country back to Its moorings. lit-, moves In accordance with the constitution he has sworn to support. lie has prodneeel n document which may be criticised to-day by many who have been leel astray by the usurpations of a democratic executive, or by emotional Impulse in plunge into war, regardless of what may follow, but that same document will be regardeel hereafter ns one of the wisest of Amer ican state papers. The American people have on execu tive of whom they should be proud. This Is recognized by his political op ponents, even if it cannot be seen by all who once called themselves his friends. Rome one Is reported to have said to Kiehard Crokcr the other day that "un less McKInley does so and so he will lose the support of the republican par ty." Thereupon Mr. Crokcr replied that the republican party cannot make any issue with McKInley. for he Is to-day really stronger than his party, ond he so thoroughly represents the American people that if he were deserted by his party he could be elected as a candi date standing upon the issue which he now represents. This embodies sound Judgment, os events will prove. Albany Journal. PRESS OPINIONS. TO INVADE CUBA. rrepuratlona lie Inv Made, to Lajnd Illtf Force of I'nited States Troops. Tally One! The customs receipts for the last month were larger than for any Febru ary since President Cbvelanel war. in augurated. Tally one for the Dinglcy law. Scranton Ilepubllcan. CThc people of the United States certainly displayed their w isdom when In 1S'.)G a republican presielcnt was elect ed. Albany Journal. ?Thcre is rrnson to fear that Mr. P.ryan will Ioek upon the talk about Gen. l'it.hugh Lee as a candidate for the presiileney in 11)00 as only a revival of the rebellion of IfcGl on a new line Chicago Tribune. C VJhn'S Mr. Jiryan really think the people of this country are deeply inter ested in the question of bimetallism just nt present, or is he just sitting up with the corpse out of respect fer tho memory of the ile e e-ased ? Hostoti ller uld. f'.Mr. Eryan is beginning te compre hend that he will not be nominated by ae'clamation in HUH). The enemy's coun try is after him, and perhaps his his tory will he finished two years from now with the femtliote that he "also ran." St. Louis Globe-Democrat. BPresident McKInley need not ex pect exemption from criticism. Which ever conric he fedlems the jackals of so-called public opinion will follow nt his heels. That is inevitable. Hut the president is u patriot and a Christian. Let the cowards insinuate and the jack als bark. Iowa State L'egister. CIn view of the way President Mc KInley is acting just now, our convic tion is that very few of those peopleout side the republican party who voted for Mr. McKInley are disposed to regret their action. We hue no doubt that the pevscssion of the presUlency would have sobered and steadied Mr. I'ryan to a considerable degree, but, in the face of what has occurred since the elet Mem, we are inclined to believe that there are a good many who voteel for him and yet congratulate themselves that the country did not take the risk of his election. Huston Herahl (Ind.). Throughout all this excitement the coolest and the busiest head in the country has been the president's. With n full knowledge of the country's needs ami knowing from actual experience what war means he lifts endcavorcel to prevent premature action and to secure time for putting the country on a war footing. The same clamor that has been raised against him in some quarter was raised ogalnst Lincoln in t lie early days of the rebellion. In the present crisis it reepiires greater moral courage to take the stand that the president has taken than it would to bow to the senti ment of the radical clement nnd adopt a policy that his knowledge of the situ ation ond his own good Judgment tell him is an unwise one- Albany JaurnaL Washington, April 27. Gen. Miles will leave Washington on Thursday. The first important lauding on Cuban soil will be made early next week. The attack is planned for two grand di visions. Gen. Merritt will be in com mand of the first of these columns, not withstanding reports to the contrary. With the second column Gen. Miles will go. He cannot lead the first, because he is in command of the entire army, much of which will be unorganized when the first column lands. Hefore he goes to Cuba he will Inspect the four Important military stations Chicka mauga. New Orleans, Mobile and Tampa bay. The embarkation will be made from the last named point be cause of the scarcity of gooel water at Kej' West. Kingston, Jamaica, April 27. Gen. Garcia, commanding the Cuban forces In the eastern end of the Island, Is now In full possession of rtie United State military plan of campaign. He re ceived his Information from Lieut. Itowan.of the Nineteenth Infantry, who has succeeded in landing on the coast of Cuba and reaching the insurgent forces. Lieut. Howan was ordered by the secret service bureau to go on a secret mission in behalf of the war dejwrt ment. It was at first thought that his destination was Puerto Rico. Then definite orelers were Issued for him to proceed to Jamaica, and thence cross to Cuba ami endeavor to reach Gen. Calix to Garcia's camp, to communicate to the general the plans of the Uniteel States government. lie was also to ask the rebel leader to make arrangements for effecting a Junction of the Insurgents in south eastern Cuba with a probable American expedition. Lieut. Howan was told to obtain information of the character of the country and to make maps and plans for the use of the information bureau as soon as he made a landing. He sailed for Jamaica April 9 by the Atlas steamer, and reached Kingston April 15. He put himself at once in cbmmunlcation with Mr. Dent, the United States consul here, and per fecteel his plans to cross over the line. As he went to eastern Cuba, it is in ferred that a blow will be struck there before one is struck at Puerto Hlco. With him he took an oftlclal Spanish map of eastern Cuba, with emendations made by the war department hydro graph ers. It is expected that Gen. Garcia will cover a landing of the United States troops. Washington, April 27. Conditions in Washington are rapidly settling down to those of actual war. Notices came to the state department from the four quarters of the globe Tuesday showing that the nations as a rule arc prepared to assume an attitude of strict neu trality as between the United States and Spain in the present struggle. In most cases they were in answer to the identical note sent out Monday by the state department to all United States embassies and legations instructing them to inform the governments to which they were accredited that war lms existed since April 21. Great Hritain always has taken an ad vance stand in the principles of neu trality, so that it was with great in terest that the news was receiveel here of the terms of the neutrality procla mation issued in London. On the whole ollieials are disposed to take the view thut the strict aelherence by Great Hrit ain to these rule? will be rather more advantageous to the United States than to Spain, particularly ns we now are operating in the na a! sense close to oifr ow n base of supplies nnel in all proba bility seion will cut Spain off from the two baes that sh- now has In the neigh borhood of Cuba. The preshlent issued a proclamation during the I a y laying down rules ns to the seizure of prizes nnd the result.it is believed, will be t lie rele ase of some of the ships already wptureel, though it w ill be fer the pri.c courts to de'termine in each case w lie-ther the conditions un der which the ship was captured arc such as to warrant release'. The im pression prevails that the Huena Ven tura, the first on the1 list of prizes, will be declared no prize. The case of the Panama, whose seizure was reported Tuc?elay, is more complicated, owing to the fact that, while otherwise exempt, the ship w as reported to have contained Kiipplics for the Sp.rnish army In Cuba, which are contraband. However, it may be saiel that wlrile the settlement ef these questions' will be left to the courts, the administration believes the greatest liberality should be shown in the application of the laws where a ve M'l is not ceuitrabaud or attempting to run the blockade. It is noted aUo that the administra tion has not been deterred by any ciitl cism in congress from again formally pledging itself to the nations of the world to refrain from privateering and abide by the declaration of Paris of 1S5G. Se far as Is known all the United States consuls have made their way safely out of Spall Consul Fay, nt I'ttuia, has reported to the department from Lisbon; Consul Ilowen, at Harcc bma, from Paris, and Consul Carrol, at Cadi, nnd Consul Hartelam, at Malaga, from Gibraltar. The department has assured itself that the others are safe. liar He ke Heal riuMlnir. lionelon, April 27. The Washington correspondent of the Dally News fays: President McKlnluy thinks Cuba can be reduced by hunger, w hen ; the powers will intervene to compel Spain torreog nlre the loss of the Island nnd to aban don the war. There is a growing lin pTesslem that there will be no real fight ing, especially since the Spanish fleet seems disposed to remain on the European side of the Atlantic. lit llenomlnateil. Freepoxt, 111., April 27. Kobert 1L Hltt his been renominated for congresa by acclamation. A ROYAL DECREE. fly It Spain Itecocalses Existence af War with I'nited StalesTreaties Arc Declared Void. Madrid, April 23. The Spanish gov ernment has formally recognized the state of war that exists between Spain and the United States. A royal decree was gazetted here Sunday announcing that diplomatic relations between the two nations had been broken off and a state of war begun. The decree is as follows: "Diplomatic relations ara broken off be tween Fpaln and the t'nlteel States, and the state of war having begun between the two countries, numerous questions of Inter national law arise which must be pre cisely defined chiefly because the Injustice and provocation come from our adver saries, and It Is they who. by their de teatablo conduct, have caused this grave conflict. "We have observed with strictest fidelity the principles of International law and have shown the most scrupulous respect for morality and the right of government. There Is an opinion that the fact that we have not adhered to tho declaration of Paris docs not exempt us from the duty of respecting the principles therein enunci ated. Tho principle Spain uneiucstlonaMy refused to admit then was the abolition of privateering. The government now con siders it most Indispensable to muke abso lute reserve on thla point In order to main tain our liberty of action and uncontested rljmt to have recourse to privateering when we consider It expedient, tlrst by or ganizing immediately a forco of cruisers auxiliary to the navy, which will be com posed of vessels of our mercantile marine and with e-iiual distinction In the work of our navy." Following Is a summary of the more Im portant of the live clauses outlining the rules Spain will observe during the war: "Clause 1. The state of war existing be tween Spain and the United States annuls the treaty of peace and amity of October 27. 17.C, and the protocol of January 12, 1877, and all other agreements, treaties or conventions In forco betwe-vn the two coun tries. "Clause 2. From the publication of these presents 30 tTays are granted to all ships of the United States anchored In our har bors to take their departure free of hin drance. "Clause 3. Notwithstanding that Spain has not adhered to the declaration of Parts, the government, respecting the principles of the law of nations, proposes to observe, and hereby orders to be observed, tho fol lowing regulations of maritime law; "1. Neutral flags cover tho enemy's mer chandise except contraband of war. "2. Neutral merchandise, except contra band of war, is not eelzable under the ene my's flag. "3. A blockade to be obligatory must be effective viz.: It muat be maintained with sufficient force to prevent access to the enemy's littoral. "i. The Spanish government, upholding Its right to grant letters of marque, will at present confine Itself to organizing, with the vessels of the mercantile marine, a force of auxiliary erulsera which will co operate with the navy according to the needs of the campaign and will be under naval control. "6. In order to capture the enemy's ships and confiscate the enemy's merchandise and contraband of war, under whatever form, the auxiliary cruisers will exercise the right of search on the high seas and In the waters under the enemy's Jurisdiction, In accordance with International law and tho regulations which will be published. "6. Defines what is included In contra band of war, naming weapems, ammuni tion, equipments, engines, and, in general, all the appliances used In war. 7. To be! regarded and Judged as pirates with all the rigor of tho luw are captAlna, masters, ofllcers and two-thirds of the crews of vessels which, not being Ameri can, hall commit act of war against Spain, even If provided with letters of marque issued by the United States." JOHN SHERMAN RESIGNS. Venerable Secretary of State Steps Out of Cabinet After l.onic l'ublla Service. POWDER WORKS BLOWN UP. Seven Lives Known to Have Ileen Luit br Citilutluii of a I'lanf at tiauta. Crus, t'al. Washington, April 20. Another res ignation from the cabinet occurred Monday, w hen the venerable secretary of state, Mr. John Sherman, handed hi Y HON. JOHN SHERMAN. resignation to the president. Mr. Sher man retires from public life after a service of over 40 years, embracing the house of representatives, the United .States senate, the secretaryship of the treasury ami the secretaryship of state. The reason for the resignation Is the condition of the secretary's health, which Is oonv impaired as the result of years of devotion to the public serv ice and tlhe arduous lalors of a life time, added to age, the venerable sec retary now being within a few days of 73 years of nge. Canton, ()., April 2o. William 11. Day came to Canton Monday ns assistant secretory of state. He Is-now secretary of state, by action of the president, and will accept the place tendered him. May Tight nt Manilla. Hong Kong, April 20. The Ameri can squadron is speeding on Its way to the Philippines and should be almost half way there. A big fcjrtnlsh fleet is waiting for Admiral Dewey's ships, expecting and looking forward to a fbght. liat Overboard. l'hilndvlphia, April 25. The ltritisfo hlp Alghburth, Capt, John Jones, which arrived, here Sunday evening from Java, reports having lost over boarel Chief Ollicer Uvan Richards and John Miller, a seaman, during a ty phoon in the Indian ocean on Decem ber 7. lilt: Shipment nt I'tmeler. Santa Cruz, Cnl., April 25. The pov der works here shipped east Sunday night IDO.nnf) pounds of brown powder. The consignment will be rushed through, the runtoChlcngobelnjj made in 03 hours. Santa Cruz, Cal., April 27. Three ex plosions about 2:15 Tuesday afternoon at the California powder works caused a greater loss of life than any of the previous accident in the history of these works. The wildest rumors are prevalent regarding the number of killed and injured, the exact number of which cannot be ascertained now. It is known that seven were killed and four seriously injured. The first heavy shock from the explo sion was felt for many miles around and was separately followed by two lighter shocks. The smoke from the works arose in such dense volume that it was impossible for a time to perceive the extent of the damage that had been caused by the explosion. It was said that the fire was spreading and tho main magazine was in imminent dan ger. Xot only the smokeless powder plant, but the nitroglycerin and gun cotton, works were destroyed. The force of the explosion was so great that tho shingles from the roofs of buildings were blown Into Santa Cruz, over two miles away. The worst feature of tho disaster is that this was one of two smokeless powder works in the country and the government is anxious to get nil of this powder possible. Only last week a big shipment of 100 tons was made to the east. It will take several months to rebulhl the works. The explosion was followed by Are, which spread to the surrounding shrub bery and timber on the hillside. force of 100 employes was immediately called out to fight the fire, which waa extinguished. The part of the works destroyed was situated on the opposite side of San Lorenzo river from the main plant. No powder, except that in proc ess of making, is known to have been destroyed. There was probably about COO pounds of that in the buildings. No doubt is entertained among tho ofllcials of the works that the explosion was due to an accident. Extraordinary precaution had been taken to prevent treachery, and no well-informed man entertains the opinion that the accident was the work of a Spanish spy, as waa at first suggested. It is not thought tho explosion will interfere with the manu facture of smokeless powder for tho government While it is said there is no reason to believe that a SpanlsJi spy had anything to do with the fire and explosion, it is significant that precautions were im mediately taken to guard the powder works at Point Pinole, across the bay from San Francisco. The Santa Cruz powder works arc tho largest In this country next to the big Dupont factories, and the largest by far for the manufacture of the brown pris matic powder for coast-defense gun and the smokeless for the guns on tho warships. Since the war scare began such heavy orders have been receiveel from the government for both theso powders that the works have been more than crowded. The works were estab lished In 1861 on the present site, on tho line of the South Pacific Coast railroad. They comprise 21 powder mills, ten shops, six magazines and stores and 35 other buildings. ANSWER THE CALL. Patriots from ISvery State Hespontt to the I'resltlent'a llequeat fur Volunteers. Washington, April 27. At the close of oflice hours Monday Adjt. (Sen. Corbln had received dispatches from the gov ernor ef nearly every state and terri tory In response to Secretary Alger'a call for information as to the tretopa the states and territories will be ex pecteel to furnish under the president's call for 125,000 men. The tenor of these replies shows there is no mistak ing the patriotism of the pcep!c ef this country in the present emergency. On every hand there was expressed a will ingness tei come te the government's rhl and the ofTers were In excess of the present demands. The body of the tele grams was made up for the greater part of an enumeration of what the national guard had on hand, and for this reason the reports of the governors were not made public. llecruiting for the regular army un der the Hull army reorganization will be begun at once. A circular has been prepared giving direction for this werk, nnel this will be issued probably to-day. The recruiting will be carrieel on In tho regiments where they are now located by regimental recruiting boards nnd nt the various army pests throughout tho country. TRAINS COLlTdE. One llniclnrrr Killed nnel Two Others Hurt by n Hallway DUaater Near I'onel tin I.ac, VU, Milwaukee, April 27. A special to the 1'vening Wisconsin from Fond dm Lac, Wis., says: A special double header freight train and the (Ireen Hay pasAtnger train collided on n bridge half a mile north nt here Tuesday. Kn glncer Dola:i, eif the first freight engine, was killed, and Fnglreer Nelson, of the second engine, w- badly hurt. Pas senger Engineer Acl.rrr.ian was badly bruised. Firemen escaped by Jumping In the river. No passengers were in jured. An Alliance 1'rolialtle. I'.crlln, April 27. The New York cor respondent of the Cologne Oazetto cables his paper that he learns from "an especially trustworthy source," that agreements already exist between the Uniteel States and (Ireat Hritain which, If the present Ilrltlsh cabinet continues In office, must lead, In the fur ther court-e of events, to an alliance.H Vt I lTM eet In St. 1'a u I. Chicago, April 27. An Invitation to hold the next national W. C. T. U. con vention in St. Paul was accepted Tues day. The dates of the convention a to, November 11 to IS.