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H CHY HERALD
;. A. Unk. (tabliaher H M .IOUPAN, MK UIUAN There's Htlll universal honor for the man who never told a 11c. But how much emulation? A place for a poeketbook Is the new est In ladles' hosiery. This may make 'em self-supporting. Admiral Togo of the Japanese navy should change his tense. He has al ready gone and done it. It 1? about time for the continuous performers to begin warbling "On the banks of the Yalu, far away." If any 1 rouble Is going to be passed around in the old world the sultan of Turkey means to have his share. News C00I6I that the Russians have occupied Ping-Yang, but Ping-Pong hasn't appeared in the dispatches yet. In the United States each year there Is eaten $1 ."n.oiio.ntui worth of candy, and it isn't all the children's doings, either. The world is waiting with interest to see Kipling rhyme Vladivostok and Tsitsihnr with Ishikari and Zuborosk offskiv'tch. Tol t i lays he ll neither for Russia nor Japan, but for tlio men who arc doing the fighting. How utterly un commercial. Before consulting his employer as to whether he may marry or not the average oung man will consult the girl in the case. Nobody will ever know how the pyramids of Egypt felt as a result of finding themselves in the shadow of Joseph Chamberlain. A Harvard professor declares that football is breaking up study. Here tofore it has been content to break up and mutilate students. Naturally it took an American to show tbe czar the advantages of wip ing out the ee&tOfShlp and giving the truth a chance to circulate. The possibilities of the war in the far East, bring prominently to the front the surprising fact that Spain still has a few islands to lose. "It's all right for a man to sympa thisc with the under dog in a tight, remarked the Observer of Events and Things, "but he'd be a fool to bet on him." The Massachusetts Supreme Court has decided that a quart bottle always holds a quart. This decision must have been handed down by a full bench. That Anglo-French agreement is not hard to understand. It is not that the two powers love each other more, but that they like the prospect of lighting far less. The greatest problem of the day for the American navy, say the naval officers, is the recruiting and training of men for the navy. American boys come. high. Champagne pink is the latest and daintiest shade for evening wear, says the young lady who writes about fash ions. It comes in all kinds of fabrics and a few noses. A schoolteacher spent a lot of time the other day whipping 75 boys who stayed ut alter the bell rang to see a fire. Probably he was mad because he hadn't seen It himself. It Is denied as ridiculous that. King Edward never wears the same suit of clothes twice. Instead he never has more than thirty new suits each year. Now you can figure it out for your self. A scientist has found out that a child 2 years old uses a vocabulary of 1.200 words; a 3-year-old, 3,300. and a 4 -year-old 4.i(0 different words. Evi dently only Boetof children were ex amined. The president planted a Xanthoce rus Sorbifolia in the White House grounds on Washington's birthday. This is a fine example for everybody, bet something with less name will do in a pinch. Turkey and Spain are now the only members of the family of nations who have not recognised Panama. The youngest child probably doesn't care very much whether these two speak to her or not. The Baltimore newspaper man who tells how he worked at his desk with the copy paper burning as he wrote ought fcOjpel in a requisition with the business manager for some asbestos paper in the new office. According to the Medical Review, a man exposes himself to sycosis, im lc tigo, seborrheic alopecia and fur nuculosis every time he enters a bar ber shop. hut. think what opportuni ties he has there to Improve his mind! Salaries of baseball pitchers are to be cut from $4,500 to $3,250 per sea Ron. If this sort of thing continue? our Imseball pitchers will have to sav pretty carefully in ordpr to be ablo to go into the saloon business when they retire from the diamond. TYPES OF JAPANESE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SUB JECTS OF THE MIKADO. Eastern People Hold to Beliefs Which in Our Western Eyes Ai5 Ludicrous Toklo a City Which Will Repay the Visit of the Tourist. (Special Correspondence.) Almost everything in Japan is small the people, their houses, the chil dren, the jinrikishas. On every speci men of Japanese art, one time or an other, you will find portrayed their noble mountain, Fujiyama, which Is not small. T8 the people of Japan this mountain is sacred. Approached for the first time, the glllMPSI) of the mountain is a breath catching experience, it is a volcanic mountain, trailing after its last erup- Native tion. in 1707, a fiery page in the hi?tory of the country. The ascent of Fuji necessitates a long, hard climb through lava ashes and loose stones. Proverbial is the violence of the wind on certain portions of the mountain and many are the tales told by climb ers of the dangers. Seen from level ground, the moun tain is a picture of beauty, long to be remembered. There stands, apparent ly arising from the sea to the blue sky, a perfect pyramid, silver-crested. From dawn to sunset the silver crest con stantly changes color, with the most enchanting effect At the base of the mountain more than lo.nno pilgrims gather in religious ardor annually, making the slow ascent of the moun tain. Resthouses have been built at intervals along the upward paths and upon the summit there are several en trances to the crater, which is 100 feet deep, the entrances marked by sacred gateways. Sculptured effigies of protecting dei ties are everywhere, Around the base of these figures are heaps of pebbles, gathered by pilgrims during the pSSl centuries and placed there as offer ings. Various kinds of offerings to ap pease these gods and goddesses are evident; especially about the statue of the BttddiSt god JilO, who is supposed to especially uuurd travellers and lit tle children, do we notice immense piles of stones. The Japanese love and reverence c hildren. The first impression of Tokio is of its enormous size. And it must be, to enclose a population of much over 1,900,000 people. From an elevation Tokio presents a plain of wooden roofs, a limitless expanse meeting the sea on one side and stretching away into gray haze on the other. On an average every 30 years the city has been burned down and rebuilt, strong er and more far-reaching. The houses of the Japanese nobles Hair (n Tokio are varied and as Imposing as such "play houses" can look to foreign eyes. Tho pagodas and tem ples and houses recall school-book days, when our wondering eyes could not reconcile our minds to people Hv intr in these fantastic places. Ono of the peculiarities of Japan ese architecture is an unusual typo of gateway or portal. Sometimes it rises before you in granite, or wood, or bronze, marking the approach to a temple, or shrine, or a gentleman's residence. There ar two theories of tho origin of these portals. The first declares they were Intended orlninal ly for perches, upon which tho birds, always prominent in Japan, might pauso before they took tin Ir heaven ward flight to bear aloft tho prayers of their liberators. The second theory nftirms that these straight columns,) with their curving crosspioces, are forms of the Chinese letter which sig nifies heaven. Pas in" under these arches, toward the tempi", the STSnue will frequently bo lined on either side with rows of lanterns, as tho people call them. They look to us like monuments. Most of then are of stone; some of beautifully decorated bronze; many bear the crests of the family by whom they are placed. On festival days lanterns iro hung within the little monuments, which are about five feet high, in honor of the dead to whom the monu ment was raised. Toklo contains the beautiful Ueno Carriage. Park, where the cherry blossoms abound. Poets have sung the praises of the pink cherry blossoms of Japan; every Japanese screen and vase grows cherry blossoms. Their blooming time is a national festival. Some of the avenues to the Mikado's capital are lined with the magnificent old trees, famous for beautiful coloring. In April the newspapers of Tokio an nounce daily the progress of the color in;; as the trees blossom; maps of the city are sold, on which are indicated the pinkest groves of cherry trees. One fairylike stream winds its way for two miles through banks of pink blooms, and pleasure boats float leis urely along it. Along the banks thou sands of spectator! wander, on foot or In jinrikishas. In August comes the lotus flower in all its glory. The Buddhist writings say: "Although thou be born in a hovel, if thou hast virtue thou art like the lotus mow ing in the slime." Ac cordingly the lotus, with its feet in the mud and ooze and bearing aloft to heaven its pure white blossoms, is the symbol of the Buddhist faith. Bronzo vases usually stand on altars filled with the beautiful flowers. And the statue of Buddha has invariably for its base a smooth lotus flower In stone or orange. One of the most renowned places of resort for natives and tourists in Ja pan alike is Nikko. The mere approach to the sacred city is astonishing, over a road twt nty miles in length, line 1 with the wonderful .lapa n so cedar trees, towering to the height of 200 feet Here is the foaming river of Nikko, spanned by the famous bridge which none but the Emperor may cross. When Gen. Grant visited Japan, tho Mikado paid him the very unusual compliment of ordering this bridge thrown open for his passing. But (Jen. Grant, with tact and thoughtful' Dressers. ness for the beliefs of these people, de clined the honor and took the frequent ed psth. From Nikko tin forest path leads up the sacred mountain. The uses by the people of the native bamboo Is ingenious. The plant grows luxuriantly everywhere throughout tho country, especially in the groves ol Kioto. Bridges are made of bamboo, water pipes and tences, furniture, um brellas, baskets, hats, fans, pipe stemi and walking sticks. Indeed, the list would fill man s ifnc. WHEN NATURE IC REMISG. Seemingly Forgets to Endow Human Beings With Needed Faculties. . Nature nods undoubtedly at times, as in the case of the child born with out a brain whose case has been made public this week. Not long ago an infant was born and lived three weeks with a hole through its heart. Thou sands of us are color blind, others have no musical sense, And there are many Laura Bridgman ;. many Helen Kellers, The quaes of Roumanla has or had at her court in personal at tendance rpon in rseif the daughter of a blind nobleman. She could neither- hear nor speak, and had to be taught to communicate by holding the throat of a speaker and imitating thS vibration produced by the effort. But what a grudge against nature must such a one as Lyon Playfair discovered cg'er feel! here was a girl who was blind, deaf, dumb and could neither taste nor smell. One might be pardoned for asking if such a life was worth living. Yet there was a beautiful lesson in such an existence, the greet warm heart of Playfair discov ered. II,. Scnt her a pretty finger ring and the poor mite replied in this piti fully pretty letter: "Bear Sir Lyon Playfair: Sir Lyon Playfair sent Edith ring In box. Edith thank Sir Lyon Playfair for ring. Sir Lyon Playfair come to see Edith. Good-by. Edith." During his first visit the child had closely examined his hands, wrists, arms and face, her touch being mar velously accurate. A year later he went again to see her. At first she did not recognize him and no one be trayed his Identity. At. length she turned back the cuff of his shirt and touched his wrist. Her face lit up with intense joy. "It is the English man who gavvi me the ring," she rap idly spelled out on her fingers. And Ifl a second she had flung her little arms around his neck and was weep fi ; with delight at the recognition. PAINTS OF THE ANCIENTS. Water Colors Were Invariably Used in the Olden Days. Paints as now employed in the arts, both mechanical and decorative, were not known to the people of ancient times. Pigments they had in abund ance, but the art of mixing them so as to make then enduring had not been discovered. Nowadays when the Srtissn la applying varnish he puts up a sign warning passers by to beware Of paint, which shows that by the average man varnish is regarded as 1 spec ies of paint. The two are. indeed, closely related, but it will surprise most people to learn that, while varnish is a product Known in very remote ages, pain; as used to-day is of comparative recent origin. The paint used in Babylon and Nin eveh and in Pompeii was composed of pigments mixed not with oil but with water, to which had been added a little glue, egg albumen or perhaps sometimes casein, which is albumi nous matter from milk, or the gluten from cereal grains. Glue, however, was the most universal grinding ma terial. Such paints are now known as fres co paints or water colors. They have not gone out of use, as is illustrated by the reported statement that the New York rapid transit subway walls, are to be painted throughout with some of these prepsrations. Seven Wonders of the World. There have been different objects classed as the seven Wonders of the World at different, periods of the world's history. Tho seven wonders of antiquity were; The Pyramids of B im . t in Hanging Oardeni of Baby- Ion, the Tomb of .Viausolos, the Tem ple of Diana at Ephesus. the Colo of Rhodes, the Statue of Zeni (Jupi ter) by Phidias, the Pharos of Egypt, or else the Palace of Cyrus cemented with gold. These have been strung together in the following lines, which CSS be committed to memory without much difficulty: The pyramids first, which in Egypt wore laid ; ext Babylon'i garden, for Amytis made ; Then Me.usolo's tomb of affection and guilt; Fourth, the Temple of Diana, in Ephe sus built; The Colossus of Rhodes, cast in brass, t he sun : Sixth, Jnptteri statue, by Phidias done; The Pharos Of Egypt, last wonder of Old, Or the Palace of Cyrus, cemented with Old. Wake Me a Song. Out of the silences wake mo soap, Beautiful, sad. and soft, sad low: Let the loveliest music soutio' along. And wing each note with a wall of woe i dan : i n i drear As hope's last ten. Out or thp it team i wake me n hymn, Whore sounds art like shadows soli and tfim. Out of the stillness In your heart A thousand .lonns arc sleeping there Wake me a song, thou child Of art! l ie .song of a hope in u last despair. Iark nl low. A chant t woe. Out of the stlllm-vs. tone by tope. Cold as a snowthikr, low a . a moan. Out of the darkness flash me ong, Brightly -dark and darkly bright: Let it sweep M a lne star IWCepi along Tho mystical shadows of tho night. Slug It .-wort. Where nothing is drear, or dark, or dim. And earth-song soars into heavenly h vmn. A bra m JoSCfih Hyan. How They Interpreted i. We are taught not to hi anxious for UM tutors, as the futuro will rome in time We are taught in the Sermon on the Mount not to think of the fu ture. because the evil we do In one day Is sufficient. Answers of London school children. OLD WINDSOR CASTLE i MOST FAMOUS OF ENGLISH KING'S DWELLING PLACES. Erected Centuries Ago as a Home for the Monarchs of the Sea Girt Isle, It Retains Its Middle Age Char acteristics. (Special Corrospoiidoi,, e.) Windsor Castle, as la well known, was Queen Victoria's favorite resi lience. King Edward, however, dOOS not Inherit his mother's fondness ba the castle, but much prefers his Lon don home a Buckingham Windsor, therefore, is used only for an occasion al "weekend" by the present royal family. This seems a pity, for Wind sor Castle is-without doubt one of the finest royal residences In the world. The first Windsor Castle was built Guard In Medieval Costume. by William the Conqueror, but this was afterward d itroyed end the pret out castle dates from Edward III. The last restoration was begun by George IV., and finished under Victoria. This restoration cost 900,000. Notwithstanding the fact thai King ESdward has never really adopted Windsor as a place of residence, one Of his first acts when he came t the throne was to order the complete OV r hauling of the castle. It was fitted throughout with new sanitary and plumbing arrangements, and many of the rooms were redecorated and re furnished. The change is most notice able in the state apartments, which no longer have the gloomy appearance of the "best parlor." The walls of these rooms are now covered with brocades in beautiful colorings, and the furni ture coverings and carpets are of colors to harmonise. The exterior of the castle, however, ll unchanged, and let us hope that it may remain so for centuries to conn' for one must go a long way to find a more imposing mass of stone walls and towers than that which crows tho summit of Castle Hill. On the b ft of the Bret courtyard, or the lower ward, is an archway of old English timberwork, which leads to the main entrance of St. Qcorge'l Chapel. The "chapel" ll In reality a small cathedral of Oothlc architecture built of gray stone. The entrance, with itr, wide stone steps, is dignified and impossing. The stone posts on either side of the steps bear the royal in signia, the lion on tho one and the UniCOrS on the other. The Chapel is open to the public on every afternoon ears one m the week. and services are held dally at 10:80 in the morning and at. in the afternoon. The chapel was built in 1471 by Ed ward IV. on the site of a chapel of Trooper of the Horse Guards Henry I. It was completed by Henry VIII. as a chapel for the knights of the Order of the Garter. The int riot richly adorned in perpendicular Style, and the roof is fan-shaped and vaulted. The choir stalls are richly carved with the coats of arms and banners of the knights of the Qeitl I At the rear or St. George's Chapel s Albert Chapel, which was added to the original building by Queen Vic toria as a memorial to her husband. This chapel is elaborately decorated with colored marbbs, mosaics, sculp ture, stained glass and gilding, and is in itself beautiful, although it must be confessed that Its elaborate decoration Is quite out of harmony with the rest of the bnUdtng. The walls of Albert Chapel are deco rated with pictures of scriptural sub jects inlaid with colored marbles. Thi floor Is of colored marbles, and tho celling is of Venetian enamel BSQStSjQS. Near the west door Is a gjwvtii sarcophagus a recumbent figure in marble of the Duke o,' Albany. Tho sarcophagus of the Duke of Clarence, the eldest son of King Edward, ts also in Albert. Chapel. St. George's Cnapel is surrounded by a most attractive group of buildings. Busing the main entrance to the church are the famous "Horseshoe Cloisters," built by 11 ward IV., iu tho shape of a fetter-lock, one of his badges. The cloisters have been thor oughly restored, and to-day are fine examples of the old English timber work. These houses are the resi dences of the canons and choir of St. George's. Passing Bt. George'l Chapel and con tinuing along the road which leads to the north terrace, one passes a quaint row of stone houses which are tie residences of the military Knlghtl of Windsor. The next object of interest is the great Round Tower. This was originally built for a prison and served as such until 1660, From its battle incuts one may enjoy a most extensive view, parts of no less than twelve counties being distinctly visible. St. George's Hall is an impressive room, its ceiling adorned with the armorial bearings of the Knights of the Garter since 1350 and with the banners of the twenty-six original knights hanging on the walls. Here is the carved oak throne, which is a copy of the coronation chair in West minster Abbey. Then there are the Rubens room and the Zuccanlli room, containing paintings by these masters. The Wa terloo chamber Is a large, SQOSrs room, hung with portraits of Welling' ton, Blucher, Metternish, Rius in. and others associated with Waterloo, it is in this room I hat theatrical per formances are given. The throne room, with walls and carpets and furniture all in "garter blue." and containing the Ivory throne of the Maharajah of Travancore, is well worth seeing. Then there is tho guard chamber, the presence chamber, the audience chamber and tho council chamber, and the king's closet and the Queen'i closet complete the list of apartments, Although there is much to be sceu in Dress and Undress Uniform. at Windsor, there is still more that Ml not be Seeg. More than half of the gTOSjJ castle is given over to the private apartments of the royal fam ily. This part of the castlo is built around the upper ward aMd the pub lic is not admitted even Inside the court yard. A red coated guard with a bearskin hat is stationed at every entrance.