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Charlevoix county herald. (East Jordan, Mich.) 189?-1953, May 22, 1909, Image 2

Image and text provided by Central Michigan University, Clark Historical Library

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn96076839/1909-05-22/ed-1/seq-2/

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(Mil!!! OUT no
O. A. I.1SK. Publisher.
A Battle of Names.
According to a Washington dispatch
In the Tribune 'there is S movement
on foot in Washington ' restore the
use of the term Fxeeutive Mansion'
Instead of White Hons .' which has
been the custom during the Roosevelt
administration;" and many Mlbin
of congress are said to prefer the
longer and more pretentions name,
says the New York Snn. White
BOOM" it is, In the mind and month
of every American; so known across
the water, too. The term, as re
ent researches by I orresnondents of
the Sun have shown, is of respect
able antiquity, it seems to have been
traced as far back as Madison's sec
ond administration. It will soon be
entitled (o its centenary. It is fa
miliar figure, Of hOXMly and cordial
look. It is not to be pat out by a
long trained Intruding trollop like "Ex
ecutive Mansion." That may accom
modate itself well to the legal, formal
and Clerkly style, but the popular and
the flttes" m tne ll and will ba "White
House." President Taft Is no friend
of pomp and Swollen words. We have
no doubt that be pref rS to live in a
"house." As for those members of
congress who iron; fondness for elo
quence or want ,of taste love high
onndlng names, Mr. Taft may tell
them a little jest by which Dr.
William Everett used to teach
Simplicity: "At Vale 'the president's
lady retires;' at Harvard 'the presi
dent's wife goes to bed. "
Barneses n. is dead. He was not
the great ruler of ancient Egypt, as the
name given him might indicate, though
the date of his birth ran well back
into the past. Karneses was a toad,
and mim rs digi-'Jir-: "On !' et below the
surface at BOttS, Mont., found him
there, imbedded in rock. He was
sound asleep, but awoke when brought
Into the light Of day. sad has been de
cidedly lively since. The Bronx zoo
ncquired him as one Of its most not
able curiosities, scientists having de
cided that he must be 1,000 or 1.200
years old, if not more so. And now,
having lived to what was literally a
grew Old age, he has succumbed to the
inevitable. Life under modern con
ditions appears to have been too swift
for a reptile that had passed so long
u period in unbroken stone and
The April dividend and interest pay
ments in this country aggregate con
siderably more than $1L'3,000,000. This
is about $10,000,000 above the pay
ments of the same kind a year ago,
which is convincing proof of the im
provement in conditions. What is espe
cially significant is the advance in in
dustrial dividends, which are nearly
$5,000,000 greater than in 1908. Divi
dends represent actual profits, while
interest is money paid out for loans.
Hut from either point of view the sit
uation is satisfactory. It shows that
Industrial concerns are making more
money and that railroad and other
earnings are sufficient to meet all in
terest demands and in most cases to
provide for distribution of gains to
The next development of the wire
less telegraph idea seems to be the
t-8tablishment of municipal stations in
all principal cities, to the end that, no
matter what storms may sweep the
country, it will be possible to commu
nicate with the outside world so long
as the city hall tower remains stand
ing. Philadelphia is taking the lead,
and Inasmuch as the expense is rela
tively slight, it is likely that other cit
ies will be communicating with each
other in the near future.
Morocco may again become the the
ater of disturbance. There are signs of
the outbreak of a revolt, against the
new sultan which may take the form
of a holy war that is. one In which
the Mohammedans may be summoned
to fight on the pretense of devotion to
heir faith. Hut with Raisuli and sev
eral other former disturbers of the
peace keeping quiet, there is hope that
thing? may simmer down.
The contract has been giver, for
the construction of the Clermont,
which is to be a fac simile of the fa
mous steamer built by Robert Fulton,
and which made the trip to Albany 100
years ago. The craft, like the imita
tion Half moon, typifying Hudson's
craft, will be used in the tercentenary
( elebration this year, and everybody
along the liver will have a chance to
see the boats.
The one survivor of the party of
four Amei leans who started two years
ago t, walk from Buenos Airee, in
louth America, to New York, says he
1I1 finish the Journey If !t takes him
12 years. This is rather a useless am
bition. Pedest Nanism has Its vir
tues, but walks that take years to com
plete are hardly a real need of life.
Lieut. Shackleton's nose may be
put out of joint by Commander Peary,
wot is presumably sledging toward
trf aorth pole, and dining- on dog meat.
NOXIOUS oks Portraying"
r Illicit Conduct
ictiOH re Dangerous
HE home is the basil of everything bee! in our social, ecclesi
istical jtinl civic life. Ji is fundamental to everything thai is
making lor social respectability and wholcsotnencss. Ami
t)te keynote to the hone if matrimony.
This being so. trhatever lends to weaken the matrimonial
bond is inevitably bound t excrl a deleterious influence on
every aspcci of the home rife of to-day an influence which
will he far-reaching in iti infamous effects. Every time matri
monial infidelity -or anvthimr thai lavora of uon ia
spoken lightly of or garbed in an attractive aspect the highest
and truest ideali of marriage are made to mffer in the eyes of all people.
Bui especially in the ease of (he thoughtless and the young is this true.
Anything which gives publicity to departure from the pure simplicity
of marital relatione weakens the life of the home in the eyes of these
people and sows a deadly crop of sin and corruption in its wake. Whether
the medium through which this is den,' be the setting forth of actual in
cidents wherein louse marriage relations arc typified, or whether it he
through fiction, makes no difference -the resuli is exactly the same.
In fact, if anything, fiction is apt to do more harm than an absolute
narration of facta, for the latter is not so liable to dress moral looseness
in an attractive and radiant way- a way which will appeal to those who
do not take the trouble to ,Lr' below the surface. And whereas the youth,
both male and female, often would not care td bother with a newspaper
account of divorce, infidelity and things of thai sort, he will read fiction.
Therefore I say thai the type of fiction which is dealing with illicit OOndttCt
is doing a vast amount of barm.
The tendency to-day is bad enough in that direc
tion anyhow without being fostered by literary repre
sentation. The whole matter is very much in the .air
altogether too much so. it is never to be forgotten
that the leas marriage is respected and revered the less
the home and all that goes with it will mean, the
less the foundations of our social life will mean. It
is really astonishing how easily people will incline
toward and accept what is not nice, and how rapidly
moral tastes, once on the downward track, will deteriorate.
Grocer Is
Man in
Whole City
For no sort of occupation is so tiring
and disconcerting ai keeping a little grocery in some dingy and moist
basement in the Ghetto or in any other congested district. The hours of
work are from four o'clock in the morning until ten o'clock at night. But
this is not the only drawback of the small slum storekeeper. There are
other more plainful situations which confront, him.
Perhaps the worst of these is the necessity of keeping the store ( lean
and the Oods fresh. Both of these are thing! which the hasement grocer
imply cannot do. at least not well. He has no facilities for keeping his
place clean and has no trade large enough to allow his goods to circulate
quickly and to get in a new stock of goods every other week or so.
There are hundreds of little stores in Chicago where the keeper of
the store has only one room hack of his -tore to live in. As the proprietor
of such a store has one and generally more children, the insufficiency of the
'"home" is apparent. So the family encroaches on the business premises
and the home and store become one.
Frequently upon entering such a stoic one will find some of the
family wash drying in the rear of the little room. Children crawl about the
floor, playing with the measures, the scoops, or whatever else they can
lay their hands upon. The woman, the wife of the storekeeper, who acts
as saleswoman while he is away, and Frequently while be is there, too,
has Iter babe in her arm- or lap. When a customer come- in she puts down
the baby and is readv to wait on him.
Facts of
Loco Weed
out apparent cause, a if si nick hv i whip.
The driver always tells you that the horse is locoed, and ai yasj
drive along" the prairie or in many places in the mountains, he will show
you the loco plant by the wayside. It ll I lilver-gray plant of the pea
family, seldom more than sight inches Ugh, and covering a IPOCS of the
size of a very IgfgS dinner plate, often much smaller, hut always appear
ing thrifty and defiant of the midsummer heat.
The stOfy runs that a cow or horse, lading the loco weed the lirsi and
freshest plant on the range in the Spring, is driven by hunger to eat it
The effects Iff. IWppjaed to he after the nature id' opiates and an appetite
is soon created that makes a 'dope Bend" of the animal. It beougaes thin,
loses appetite and enerp . and in all other was rsSSJIlblsS the opium
victim in its symptoms. At last, it refuses to hunt food, and lies down,
to be eovered with flies and picked to death hv magptSS, if in their haunts.
A man who ran horses one winter in Oklahoma stated to me that he lost
60 out of 100 head in six months all from I he effects of loco.
'i'tiere is no cure possible so long as the ictim has opportunity of
getting more loec Death affords the sole relief.
The slum grocer, having his store in an
i ighj by icn fool basement, is the busiest
man in Chicago. He is busy avoiding
Kicks and knocks from customers, from Ifaa
health department, and from many othe
sources. If the kicks -low up occasionally,
he geti busy planning bow to gel out of
basement storeroom and secure better
and more spacious quarters for his little
business. Most probably ha is figuring on
getting out of the grocery huiinats nlto
gether, Of at least out of the slum part
of it.
Wherever von go in Colorado or say
Other part of the cattleman's country, you
will And the word "loeotA" applied both
to animals and to men. to indicate that
something ia wrong with the subject men
tally, allowing thai animals have minds.
Perhaps, you itart from livery with a line
BpSO of four-year-olds, perfect mates, only
to find that one Of them is to he watched
without Ceasing. This one may be afraid
of every calf that looks through a wire
fence, or of rabbits, or the whistle of prai
rie dogS, or sometimes he may holt with-
Trenton, X. J. Trenton has onli
Just recovered from an awful fright,
due to the visitation of the imaginary
Jersey "devil bird," when a BSW scare
is caused by a plague of explosive
rats which has been infesting the Mer
est county workhouse, a lew miles
from this city.
The workhouse warden discovered
that ;i MCI of dynamite, used i :
quarry purposes, had been broken
open and most of its contents carried
away. A thorough investigation
showed that none of the officials at the
Institution had removed the explosive,
A Loud Explosion Took Place.
and the Mercer County Board of Free
holders began to fear that Black Hand- '.
cis plotted to blow up the building.
A loud explosion occurred within a j
few feet of the sd ministration build
ing early the other day. and the noise
brought the terror-stricken officials to
the scene. One of the guards, believ
faff that an attempt was being made j
to blow up the buildings, wanted to re. j
lease the prisoners in order to give i
; them a chance for their lives, but j
j cooler counsel prevailed.
The only thing that could be found;
about the premisei which indicated
the cause of the explosion was the
badly mutilated body of a rat, and ill
dawned on the officials that rodents
might have eaten the dynamite. The
body of the dead rat was examined
gad some unexploded dynamite was
found in the stomach. The discovery
created terror, for it was known that
the simultaneous explosion of a dozen
rats charged with dynamite would de
stroy all the workhouse buildings and
kill the inmates.
Guns were flred off, powder was
burned and other ways to force the
rats to vacate their strongholds were
resorted to, and met with much suc
cess. Thousands were seen running
In the direction of this city, and while
the workhouse people sighed with
great relief this city is now terror
stricken. It is realized that it would be im
possible to drive all the rats out of a
city of 100.000 inhabitants without
risk of something happening that
might cause several of the loaded .ro
dents to explode.
Housewives have unbaited and
locked tip the rat trapB and cats and
logs are being kept under restraint.
It is feared that the rats that left
the workhouse and came to Trenton
will probably remain together, so that
if one should explode the others
would follow suit. Extra firemen and
policemen have been put on duty, but
jus' what part they are to play to
avert a catastrophe will have to be de
termined by developments. Steps will
likely be taken to prevent a rat dis
Watchmen Frightened from Supposed
Treasure Building, Where Woman
Was Burned to Death.
St. Paul. Minn The house in For
sat Street where Mrs. Anna Post, an
aged recluse, was burned to death, is
SQDPQSed to he haunted, and the watch
men who have guarded the house
every night since the death of the
woman, in the belief that a fortune is
hidden somewhere In the ruins, have
all been frightened away.
Early the other morning the third
watchman who ventured to guard the
place heard a noise coming from the
partly burned piano, and sought pro
tection from Policeman Swenson and
Shook, who were on their way home.
The watchman was terrified, and
told the policemen that he distinctly
heard the sound of a funeral dirge
played on the piano. He was assured
that it was imagination on his part,
but he could not be persuaded that
the house was not haunted, and he re
signed his job then and there, leav
ing the premises to the mercy of the
Since the death of Mrs. Post het
relatives have had the house guarded
at night and durlna the day the
ruins are searched for gold supposed
to have been left by the old woman,
but so far none has been unearthed.
Last week the watchman was fright
ened away by noises that he asserted
he heard in the house, and the other
watchman was frightened In a similar
Shipping Facilities Make These Two Cities Principal
Markets tor Sheep Trad; Show Rapid
Growth By W. C. Coffey.
, i i
A Bunch of
If close proximity to the regions
tvhere most of the sheep are produced
were the only factor in determining
the best location for I market, the
largest markets would be still farther
west than they are. because nearly 75
per cent, of the sheep In the United
States Bre wesl of the Mississippi
river, and 57 per cent, are in t ho
Rock? Mountain region and west of
the Pacific coast.
Shipping facilities for getting the
output of the packing houses to the
consumer have an Important bearing:
Still another factor which iias a great
deal of influence is the fact that many
sheep from the west arc fattened in
the Mississippi and Missouri valleys.
.Many of these are handled twice by
the markets, first as feeders, and again
as sheep intended for slaughter. When
sold as feeders, they go only a compar
atively short distance from the mar
ket and this is a factor thai equalizes
the seeming disparity of the market.-,
being too far removed from the re
gions of heaviest, production, and
really makes such places as Chicago
and Omaha the actual centers of the
Sheep trade.
ThS great central sheep markets of
to-day have enjoyed a very large
growth during the last 20 years. The
total number of sheep received at Chi
cago in 1887 was 1.360.8G2; in 1907,
4.218.115. This growth is largely
traceable to the turning of the sheep
husbandry interests in the west from
wool production, as a primary object,
to the production of both mutton and
wool, and to the rise of the sheep feed
ing industry. By liberal infusions of
mutton blood into their flocks, and by
marketing their sheep at a younger
age than formerly, western flockmas
ters supplanted a dry, ill-flavored mut
ton with a wholesome product that
met with ready demand. Almost at
the same time sheep feeding became
popular, and these better bred sheep
of the range were also better fed. A
further Impetus was thus given to
mutton consumption which has now
reached the point, in many of our cit
ies, at least, where the only check to
liberal consumption is the lack of the
ability to buy.
With this increased activity in the
production of better mutton in the
west and in feed lot Operations, the
large markets have not only increased
in volume of business but they have
also improved in their Organisation, as
may be seen In the review of condi
tions past and present at the Chicago
market. Formerly sheep on this mar
ket were not classed and graded, but
they gfCTS sold in mixed bands fast
as they were unloaded from the cars.
Often these mixed shipments were
made up of all ages ami sexes, in
every degree of quality and condition.
The volume of busint ss was small:
ttttOB was not much sought arte!-,
and hence the need of careful discrim
ination was not felt. To the eommis
sion man or the buyer this system per
haps did not offer great Inconvenience,
Perhaps the buyer even counted it to
his advantage as he is inclined to
measure the value of the whole offer
ing by the inferior individuals in it.
Hut to the snippet who occasionally vis
ited the market, little opportunity was
presented by such a system to deter
mine the preference of buyers. This
Ijrateai gave way to one that is more
orderly and definite. The day of the
buyer taking "pot luck" on shipments
as a whole is over. Now they are sort
ed into the differeiik classes and grade
and thus presented for the inspection
of the buyer. The result is an orderly
and definite market by which the man
who follows his shipments to sale may
be enlightened, and from which mar
ket quotations may be made that will
be of aid to those that have sheep to
With respect to control of receipts
so that violent fluctuations in prices
do not occur within a very short space
of time, the Chicago market has great,
ly improved during the last 20 years.
Imt" the sheepmen of the west be
came fully recognized as specialists in
mutton production, treacherous and
violent fluctuations were matters of al
most daily occurrence. There are rec
ords of octiinei of 50 cents per hun
JBF. ytit&'sLi
Pr ime Wethers.
dredweight la prices within an bona
Th-e large western shipper Obliged
to forestall such ruinous conditions.
This was done by establishing feeding
stations on the railway lines tributary
to Chicago from the west. Most of
these are owned and controlled by the
rSH mad companies, although a few ar
owned by private parties. The large
shipper consigns his sheep to some
one of these feeding stations, ami then
awaits the advice of his commission
firm as to the number of sheep and
the time he shall send them to market.
A shipment of say 20.000 sheep is thus
distributed over a period of a week or
ten days, instead of ;11 being damped
on the market on the same day Since
from G5 to 75 per cent, of the sheep
reaching the Chicago market are con
signed first to the feeding stations, it
can readily be seen how much they
aid in preventing market glutting.
The record run of sheep on the (mi
CSgO market for one day is little less
than 60,000. and I run of 40,000 S00H
sldersd very heavy, but were it not for
the feeding stations it is Claimed that
there would frequently be days when
the run would be from 60,000 to L00,
000 head.
How One Can Select Those Thai
Will Withstand Attacks
of Insects.
Prom time to time various author
ties have called attention to the possi
bilities of selecting seed from plants
that have successfully withstood ad
verse conditions, such as drought, poo
soil, fungi, etc, It is left to Dr S. A.
Forbes, Illinois state entomologist, to
suggest, the plan of selecting plants
that have successfully withstood the
attack of insects with the hope of
building up a plant which would be
practically immune from such attack.-.
In a recent address before an associa
tion of entomologists at Madison. Wi.-t..
Dr. Forbes said:
I would like to see die SXpeflmeUt
made of growing corn from seed taken
from the few best stalks of a field
which has been overrun by insects, in
Destructive Polyphemus Moth.
the hope that we might thus gradually
develop varieties of this plant capable
Of withstanding insect attack, ir of se
lecting our seed from the besf grown
and most fruitful plants in field
which has suffered heavily Com
drought of applying, in short, the
method by which rust-resistant varie
ties of wheat and the like are :;w '.
ing formed."
If Doctor Forbes idea of STOSd&ag a
stalk of corn immune from attacks of
insects is unique, it is certainly not
beyond the range of possibility We
bona that sooner or later this snajnns
tion will be acted upon with the BOfS
of developing a plant of sujerinr qual
ity to others of the same kind.
Use of Nitrate of Soda. Fu ,4oils
that are deficient In nitrogen, nitrate
of soda would be very valuable on ac
count of its quick action. Use it as a
top dressing at the rate of 100 pounds
to 200 pounds per acre, ami make
three or four such applications during
the season. The first rain will trash
it Into the soil and it will be iinme
diateiy available. Hut for the general
gardener the nitrogen can be secured
much more cheaply and in more per
manent form by the plowing tin
der of cow peas, clover and w ell ro'led
barn v ard manura.

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