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0- t h' ZZS Vi UI fort A Tower ipTTIIE structure of Bourges is In teresting to study, because it offers several peculiarities ! 21 'nIcn distinguish it from other Gothic cathedrals, says a French writer. Though it has no trarept, there are two aisles on each idjf the nave, and a double row of lateral chapels. The columns of the nave are the highest in the world. .In no fewer than one hundred and thirty-six lancet windows and forty five rose windows, the original thir teenth century glass is still to be een, and some of the finest examples of fifteenth century glass-painting are in the chapels. But it i3 the fabric of stone that must be first considered; and, whether you admire the portals and external buttresses, or count the forest of pillars within, that fabric impresses itself on your imagination as the product of a definite style, as distinctive, as personal, a3 n picture or a poem. No style (in architecture or anything else) that is worthy of that honorable name was ever sud denly evolved either by an individual artist or even by an individual school. Styles, like decorative patterns, are not made; they grow, and are modi fied; and by the differences that suit ono age after another they survive, changed, but the same, as the fruit follows the flowering of the tree. "Without going further back than the iirhiediately preceding Romanesque, witch survives in so many details of thoj early Gothic, wo can realize that the imperative need for vast stonc roofed churches, in which aisles were a constructive necessity, was the starting-point for the new develop ment. This necessitated the art of vaulting over an oblong space, and since the square space with all Its t-Mde equal could easily be vaulted lJr round arches, while the oblong Trold only be vaulted by the use of pointed arches, tho pointed arch be came tho symbol of the new style. Many other differences appeared, nil of them essentially constructive. Instead of huge walls with holes "bored in them for windows, and the solid and inert principle of stablo gra vity as the chief foundation of the building's strength, you now get a structure which is supported by an articulated framework, a frankly ex pressed' anatomy of bone and muscle, 1n which piers, arches, buttresses are linked together in a perfect equili brium of balanced thrust and counter thirst. Tho old, thick walls, being novongcr essential, are entirely re pUtf;M by vast wlndowi of stamed glass, except for a few feet from the jground whero they are necessary for mere enclosure. The window-apertures All 'ko whole apace laterally be tween the piers, which rise from the pavement In slender shafts up to the nave-cornice. There piers contain several members, to support the rib3 of the vaults, tho arches of tho trl tforiurn, and tho buttressea of tho clerestory; but they need only be massive enough to bear the weight of-the vaults, because tho side-pressures are carried off by buttresses to tho aiiea, and by flylng-buttressea cga'-n beyond them. All thU elaborate ,ystc:n was only begun and rendered possible because the pointed area was not a Liero decorative device, but was' B the definitely practical solution of a definite problem. That nolutlon gave us Beauvais choir, "the Kubla Khan of architecture," like a great hymn in terrupted, in which the Gothic spirit, pushed to its logical conclusion, has striven to utter the unutttrable. That solution also gave us the triumph of Hourges or the perfection of Amiens. IJke all things which partakeof the quality of organic growth, the fabric of the Gothic cathedrals needs con stunt repair, as a plant needs rain ani sunshine. Of the master-masons who built these mighty structures we know lit tle, and there is very little trace. On the right-hand door of the western facade of Chartres is a figure of geometry, or architecture, holding a square and compass, while Archi medes writes beneath. On the north porch of the same cathedral tho arch itect with his square appears again. In all these cases it is not the arch itect, as we know him now, who i3 represented, but a "master of tho work" who had charge of the whole building from its foundations to its furniture, and was as capable of plan ning out an octagonal apse as of carving a saint upon the doorway or a sinner beneath tho seat of an ec clesiastic. It was under tho protection of the church that the first schools of Charle magne arose, and under the shelter of the church alone could the quiet and security necessary to artistic edu cation be then discovered. Thi3 is typified by the fact that the Abbey of Cluny was tho real bulwark against a barbarism which had, previous to Its foundation, been practically perma nent for many hundred years. It had branches from Spain to Poland, and was as active in politics and letters as in art. The thirteenth century cathedral is almost unintelligible to tho most cul tured of its visitors of today without tho assistance of a guido-book. Hut no amount of books and no amount of '"art-trahr'ng" would educato the workmen of today Into producing sim ilar cathedrals under modern condi tions. For even In those Greek tem ples, which look eo comparatively sim ple, there are mysteries which the modern builder never knew. You have but to look at the Madeleine in raris and compare It with its gra clous prototype. The original Greek work is full of subtlo curves and slight but essential differences which make it a thing of beauty. The same reasoning hold3 for the Gothic cathe drals. They are not good because they are old. Reauty is not a mat ter of lime, for "age cannot wither her nor custom stale her infinite variety. These buildings are old because they are good, which is a very different matter. And any new building In spired by the same genius and car ried out with the same enthusiasm would bo good in spite of any youth Hut both the genius and tho enthusl asm are dead. The great cathedrals aro a part of the world's Inheritance that we their temporary guardians have to hand on undiminished to out heirs. Let us see to It, each In hit own measure and In his own strength that we bear our part and Justify ou; trust. USEFUL HOUSE AIDS AMMONIA, SODA AND TURPEN TINE GOOD CLEANING AGENTS. Pour Hot Water and Ammonia Down a Greaey Sink Bathing in Scda Will Reduce Temperature Nu merous Other Hints. - Ammonia, turpentine, soda and a couple of clean cloths do not sound much, but they aro the thrifty house wife's good, reliable friends. If one washes cut glass and discolored sil ver with clean hot water and a little ammonia the change Is wonderful. Pour hot water and ammonia down a greasy sink and at night cover the drain with either baking or 'washing soda. Throw washing soda in the basin of tho toilet occasionally, wheth er you think it needs it or not. Use ammonia lavishly in the scrub water, especially during house clean ing times, for paint, bed slats or stained windows; It makes them shine beautifully with little labor. Sweep carpets and matting thorough ly, then go over them with a soft cloth and a weak solution of am monia water, and they will be much improved. Change the water fre quently. Nothing cleans hair brushes like ammonia water and a tiny lump of soda. Vinegar bottles may be cleared of stains instantly by dropping into them an egg shell broken fine, a lump of soda, a few drops of ammonia; fill partly with warm water, shake, then behold the result! If bitten by an insect put a few drops of ammonia in cold water, and apply the solution with absorbent cot ton; keep the part wet until the sore ness disappears. Hathing In a weak warm solution of soda will reduce the temperature; a little soda added to the water in which vegetables are cooked will make them much sweeter and more tender In a shorter time than when not used. Soda and ammonia softens the wa ter for all purposes; use soda freely to cleanse all milk vessels, and espe cially infants' nursing bottles. How moths dislike turpentine! If you put a little on wool articles, wrap them in newspapers, lay them in a dark place, you need have no anxiety about moths; they will keep away. . Turpentine and soap will remove fresh paint from almost any fabric; turpentine alone applied to grease or old paint spots will usually remove them without trouble; turpentine will take dried paint from glas3. A few drops of turpentine added to a boiler of clothes will whiten them, but remember It is inflammable, so do not be reckless. A little turpentine on flannel well rubbed removes dirt from patent leather, and if not too far gone re stores the shine. Ivory articles, dark and discolored, will be restored to their former beauty if rubbed with turpentine on flannel or absorbent cotton. Furniture which has been water stained or scratched may be much Im proved if rubbed with turpentine and oil in equal proportions; linseed oil is preferable; apply it with a piece of absorbent cotton, then polish with a clean piece of soft chamois. Celery Jelly. The flavor of celery is missed in fruit salads, yet it Is not desirable to order the vegetable. Its place may be supplied as follows: Cover two cups celery cut in pieces with one pint hot water, add few slices of onion, two sprigs of parsley, and season to taste. Let simmer about an hour and strain through cheesecloth. Add to tho li quid two tablespoons of gelatin, soft ened In one-fourth cup cold water and the juico of one large lemon. Strain again into large platter wet in cold water. When cold cut into squares and add to the salad. Creamed Peach Tapioca. Ccok one heaping tablespoon of tapi oca (tho kind that requires no soak ing) in one pint of milk in double boil er about fifteen minutes. Take four or five peaches, peel and cut in pieces. Put into buttered pudding dish, add the stones to give better flavor. Heat one egg, add two heaping tablespoons of sugar, one quarter teaspoon of salt and stir into the milk. Remove at once from the fire and pour over the peach es. Hake in moderate oven till peaches are done (about one-half hour). Good hot or cold. Cracker Pudding. Eighteen crackers soaked In ono quart milk until soft and baked three fourths of an hour. Serve with sauce made as follows: One pint water thickened with two tablespoons flour or cornstarch, one cup sugar, small piece of butter, flavoring. Cook in double boiler. Remove from stove and stir In one beaten egg. Plum Marmalade. Cover well with cold water and cook plums until tender; then rub through a sieve; add three-quarters of a pound of sugar to a pound or plums, simmer slowly, stirring occa sionally and carefully; cook for 30 minutes or until thici. Put into Jars and seal. Dainty Dessert. Take a glass, half fill with crushed and sweetened raspberries, then fill with whipped cream, sweetened and flavored, If desired- MINNESOTA STALLION BARN FOR BREEDING PURPOSES Sale Harbor of Refuge Is Provided for Boy3 and Timid People With Mares Also Aids ia Se curing Patronage. The following description of a Min nesota stallion barn is given by M. T. Grattan in Hreeder's Gazette: The stallion barn fronts to the south and after passing office and carriage space comes the stallion boxes with stout plank doors opening in and double doors opening out. The stallions stand with their heads out at liberty, and as they never bite mares. NORJHVYALLOF BARN 2' 5 8 OA PLANK O Zx. ... ui j 2 i ! r j -J g ;$ z X - 2 a N IP SLIDING OOOt A Minnesota trying Is done by leading the mare to the stallion's door. If found in season she is led to the northwest corner of the barn, off from the plank, onto a space 21x10 feet with cinder and earth floor and 14 feet to ceiling. A solid slide door 10x14 feet shuts this space off from the rest of the barn except a big box stall in which mares can be tied. For the breeding pen or chute proper the north wall of barn pro vides one side and the west wall of barn the end toward which the mare is led. Sink a couple of solid posts bo as to have a pen 8 feet long from west wall and 4 feec wide inside. Lay sound 2 inch plank from the ground to a height of 3 feet 3 inches. Have the two posts outsido of plank sawed to their height and edges smoothly round ed, as well as edges of planks at ends and on top. Sink another post from middle of pen south 4 feet. Just In front of this wins make a couple of holes to run a pair of 5 feet 6 inch gas pipe bars through and mako a ORCHARD TREE PEST KILLED San Jose ScaIo Controlled by Nat ural Enemy tn Form of Diaeaa of Fungus Growth Checks Its Spread. (By C. E. BANBORN, Entomologist, Ok lahoma Agricultural Experiment Sta tion.) During the last two or three years this department has been experiment ing with a natural enemy of the San Jose Scale. This enemy is a disease in the nature of a fungous growth. In southern latitudes it has been used even to a commercial extent for con trolling the scale, but on account of the weather conditions of this state It has been supposed that such a disease would either fail to propagate itself during the summer or be entirely too delicate to withstand the low winter temperature. Careful experimentation, however, has proved tho disease is very hardy and capable of propagation to a very beneficial extent in our in fested orchards. Oftentimes diseases of a serious na ture are introduced and scattered by insects and other agencies in general. This disease, however, is not capable of doing any damage to anything ex cept the San Jose Scale and allied forms. It3 use in orchards, groves, and public parks, as shown by our ex periments, will be of a very great ad vantage in checking the local spread of the San Jose Scale. It is of the same nature as the HEREFORD OF Tho Hereford shown in the Illustra tion has the true beef form, straight back, good under line, well filled quar couple of holes In north side of wall to receive them. The wine affords a safo place for party with mare. The bars make a pen for foal go the mare may keep her head to it. The bars also keep the mare from being shoved ahead and cramped. The top one will be at her breast and the bottom one ai her knees. These bars should be strong, say 2 inches, and work easy. Stallion Darn. Mares are bred in this pen or stall, those for the trotter always being hop pled, but rarely for the draft horse. The dimensions given may be varied and the part of stall back of winff hinged if desired Hewever, the hinges are not much of an advantage; the stall is wide enough so a mare's heels, by a sharp turn of her head, may be turned into tho wall. Often boys, or timid people, bring mares and the safe harbor of refuge behind the wing is much appreciated. It will help a stallion's patronage where competition i3 sharp. The floor of the entire space should be covered with short stuff and chaff and kept scrupulously clean, wet straw and droppings being wheeled out after each visit. This arrangement is ad mirable also for handling a bull with safety. Up to this date this year August 22 74 mares have been bred to the brother, 98 to the draft horse and 62 cows to a Ited Poll bull without Injury to man or beast. chinch bug disease but its appearance on infected insects Is not nearly as conspicuous as the latter.. To an or dinary observer it appears to be no more than the mold which Is common ly present on damp bread a few days' old. It will live and propagate on bread and is apparently Just as harm less to the higher animal life, but the microscopic examination of an infect ed San Jose Scale reveals It to be fatal to the latter. Our experiments have been so con clusive in regard to the practicability of checking the San Jose Scale with this disease that we arc now propagat ing it to an extent sufficient to enable us to supply gratis all Interested citi zens of this state who may request it. The conditions under which wo shall send it,out are that the party request ing it shall first submit specimens of scale to us for identification. If tho submitted specimens prove to be the San Jose Scale we will send a small package by mall. No directions for application other than those following will be given unless especially re quested. Directions The fungus is grown on a jelly-like material which is of amber color in appsarance. The color of the fungus or disease is white. This ma terial may become more or loss disar ranged in transit through the mail, but its vitality will not be lessened. Upon its receipt the applicant should paste small portions of it to hi3 In fested trees. The Jelly-like substance will adhere nicely. The fungus will gradually scatter from one tree to an other of Its own accord, but will ac complish better results If artificially well scattered when first applied. APPROVED TYPE ters and compact barrel. Cattle of this build are money-maker3 for their owners. . UNABLE TO MOV. Helpless With Kidney Trouble Dut Cured by Doan's Kidney Pills. M. C. Walker, 933 Grand Ave., Con cersville, Ind., says: "For ten years I suffered from kidney complaint and was on the verge of Hrlght's disease. I was often so helpless I could not move and neighbors two blocks away heard mo scream with pain. I had no control over the kidney secretions and tho pain In my back; was almost un bearable. After sev eral physicians had failed to help me, I began takirig Doan's Kidney Pills and was soon relieved. I havo had no return of kidney trouble in five years." Remember tho name Doan's. For sale by all dealers. 50 cents a box. Foster-Milburn Co., Huffalo, N. Y. THOUGHT ONLY OF THE GAME Filial Affection Lost Sight of by the Small but Enthusiastic Lover of Football. Among the spectators at a match between the Hlackburn Rovers and the Olympic was a little lad about nine years of age. Though the boy's knowledge of the game may have been limited, his notion of correct play was extremely robust. "Go it, 'Lympic," ho yelled. "Rush 'em off their pins. Clatter 'em. Jump on their chests. Howl 'em over. Good for yer. Mow 'em down. Scatter 'em, 'Lympic"; When his parent neatly "grassed" one of the opposing forwards, the youngster expressed approval by bawling, "Good fer yer, owd 'en," add ing proudly to tho spectors, "Feyther 'ad 'im sweet." "Yes," said a hearer, "but he'll get killed before the game's finished." "I don't care a carrot if ho does," said the boy. London Tit-Hits. BABY WASTED TO SKELETON "My little son, when about a year and a half old, began to have sores come out on his face. I had a physi cian treat him, but the sores grew worse. Then they began to come out on his arms, then on other parts ot his body, and then one came on his chest, worse than the others. Then I called another physician. Still he grew worse. At the end of about a year and a half of suffering he grew eo bad that I had to tie his hands in cloths at night to keep him from scratching the sores and tearing the flesh. He got to be a mere skeleton, and was hardly able to walk. "My aunt advised me to try Cuti cura Soap and Cuticura Ointment. I sent to a drug store and get a cake ot Cuticura Soap and a box of the Oint ment and followed directions. At tho end of two months the sores were all well. He has never had any sores of any kind since. I can sincerely say that only for Cuticura my child would have died. I used only one cake of Cuticura Soap and about three boxes of Ointment. "I am a nurse and my profession brings me into many different fam ilies and it Is always a pleasure for me to tell my story and recoimend Cuticura Remedies. Mrs. Egbert Shel don, Litchfield. Conn., Oct. -23, 1909." What's in a Name? "See here, waiter," said Mr. Grouch, growling deeply over his plate, "I or dered turtle soup. There is not even a morsel of turtle flavor in this." "Of course not, sir" returned tho waiter. "What do you expect? Shake speare said there was nothing in a name. If you ordered college pudding would you expect a college in it? In Manchester pudding would you look for a ship canal or a cotton exchange? And tea, sir?" Tit-Hits. How's This? TTe offer One Hundred Dollars Rpward for any etw ot Catarrh that cannot bo cured by llaU'a Catarrh Cure. F. J. CTTKN'EY A CO.. Toledo. O. W. th und?ral2iicI, h:ive known F. J. Chrnry for the last IS year hdA brileve hlia perfectly hon orable in all business tr.iiiMartlons and ItnAiiclally able to carry out any obligations made by hit firm. Waldi.no, Ki.nnav A Marvin. Wholrwilo Drucnl.iM. Tolodo. O. TTall'S Catarrh Oiro Is takon Internally, acting dlrortly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free. Trice 7 J ccnu pef bottle. Pold by all Drueihts. 'lake Hall's Family Fills for constipation. No Place to Put It. Knobby What makes you so sure, that tho old Roman senators were honest? Lobby Simple enough. Togas didn't have pockets. Puck. Important to Mothers Examine carefully CASTOIUA, a safe and Infants and children, Bears the every bottle of sure remedy for and see that it Signature rtC&a& In Uso For Over SO Tho Kind You Have Years. Always Bought. A Very Good Guess. Foote LIghte I understand there were several dozen bad eggs in tk possession of persons in the audleaco last night and not one was throws. Miss Sue Brette Because the au thor of the pieco refused to show him self, I guess. Stiff neck! Doesn't amount t much, but mighty diiRrrcall You've no ide how fjuickly a little llimlins Wizard Oil will lubricate the corda unci make 3-011 comfortablo ngain. The Number. "I hear your now auo made a good record cn its trip." "Yes; ran over In about an hour." "How many?" A girl Is worth all It costs to raise her and It always costs It.