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I WOMAN' PA'0 ANSWER. S(D1 '- A TV LIFE WdDMl v.:: z4y mr?AACf ro rr l5 ptrrnrorrc: ONGRESS is Just now being urgca to provide for the erection of a new building for the uso of the United States patent office, and this plea for better facilities for taking care of the business of tho inventors of tho country ha3 brought out come interesting facts in connection with this unlquo branch of our national government. And, it may bo added, for all that tho ueonle of tho republic take a keen interest in invention as be comes tho greatest inventive nation on the globe, very few of our citizens have nny intimate knowl edge of the machinery which the federal govern ment maintain for examining inventions and granting patents. This comparative ignoranco of tho facilities and methods of tho government Institution that devotes Itself to inventions extends even to a majority of inventors themselves the hundreds of thousands of men and women who are either engaged in inventive work today or have, at some time in the past, exercised their nimble brains in an effort to devise something that would bo an improvement upon the existing state of things. That even interested parties are thus in Ihn dark is duo to tho fact that the patent busi ness of the country is largely in tho hands of attorneys special lawyers who devote them selves exclusively to this line of practice. Nino men out of ten who evolve an invention and desire to have it patented soon come to realize that the operation Is an intricate one, requiring special knowledge, and so they turn tho work over to tome ono of these go-betweens und have nothing more to do with tho matter until they get the coveted parchment a year or two years hence and pay the bill, which may be $73 or $100, if circum stances warrant, for you know getting a patent Is not exactly a cheap operation. But to get back to the proposal for a new bulld- "'u.tkii ' . ... . -; ; il r'TSrw ' ' - f----i !ng for tho patent office. This Institution has for many years past occupied a portion of the build ng of the department of the interior at Washing :on and since the volume of inventions pouring n to be considered as candidates for patents has itcadily increased year by year it has naturally ollowed that the present quarters areopelessly nadequate. In order to make room the authorl les a few years ago arranged to get rid of tho hourands of original models of old inventions vhlch had accummulated in the days when it vas necessary to send a working model as well .8 drawings with an application for a patent. Hut his was by no means a complete solution tor he problems. The patent office must needs ille nd keep on permanent rcccrd tho papers in every atent case, and these have been piling up at uch a rate In recent years that it is a grave prob ;m how end where to store them in such fashion Hat they can readily be brought to light when ceded for reference as in the case of the law jlts that are always growing out of patents on lventions. However, there are other branches of our na onal government that need new buildings Just as uch as dees the patent office, and this brings us the novel argument that is being advanced in ?half of the patent office being granted a new imo in advance of all others. It is being pointed it to congress that the patent office is ono gov nment institution, and almost the only one, that self-sustaining. For other activities Uncle Sam is to go down In his pocket, or rather the people through the medium of taxes. In maintaining e patent office, however, the inventors and they one "pay the freight." What is more, not only this bureau for inventors self-supporting, but actually returns a profit, or in other words, it s on hand a surplus at the end of each year ter all expenses have been paid. This net sur is ha been pillng.up In the United States treas y ur.tll it now amounts to about $7,000,000, and Is this money, or such part of it as may be nec 3ary, that it is desired to have expended fcr a w building for the patent office. As Is well known, we Americans are the great . nation of inventors Ln tho world. Alout a llion United States patents have been granted, ereas the aggregate number of foreign patents inted by all foreign countries combined has ounted to date to only about two million pat 's. The fever of Invention in tho United States j waned temporarily in "panic year," and It mped at ono time during the Civil war, but erwlse thsre has been a steady Increase in the Tiber of patents issued, and from 35,000 to )00 new patents are now Issued each year. In 'portion to population, more patents are issued citizens of Connecticut than to resident of any other state, thus holding up the long established reputation of the "Connecticut Yankees." Next comes tho District of Columbia and then Cali fornia, Washington, Nevada, Colorado and other western states. The present commissioner of patents, Mr. Kd ward II. Moore, is one of the ablest administrators who has ever been at tho head of)thls branch of the government. It has been his aim and ambi tion to expedite in every manner possible the ex aminations of all applications for patents pre sented thereby enabling tho quick issuance of patents whose novelty if not validity can in time be guaranteed by the government. This wi'j do away with the criticisms of the patent office for its "slowness" in pasting upon patents, and it will also do away with a large amount of the litigation which now devolves upon inventors by being drawn Into suits for Infringmenta, etc. In line with these Improved methods there is now in progress a "classification" of all the material in the patent office. This means the systematic classification of all the material through which the patent office's expert examiners have to search when they are passing upon the applications of Inventors. When thl3 vast accummulatlon of data is arranged for ready reference it will enable the Issuing of patents more quickly after applica tions are received than has ever heretofore been possible and, more important yet, it will give to every patent issued a greater guarantee of validity than Is possible now when such a document Is issued following what may eventually be proven to have been an Incomplete "search," In which the examiner Inadvertantly overlooked or failed to find an earlier patent on a similar invention. The work of the patent office is carried on through tho medium of some half hundred difTer ent divisions, each devoted to tome ono class ot Inventions, such as carriage nnd wagons, or lire arms, or harvesters, or typewriters. At the head of each of these divisions Is a principal examiner who Is a specialist In his particular field, and ho is assisted by one or moro experts who have made a life study of the particular section of the inventlvo field to which they are assigned. Many of these men have been in their present positions for twenty or thirty years and have at their finder tips everything connected, with the history and development of invention in their c?pcctlve Kpheres, and yet Uncle Sam gets the services of these experienced authorities for falarlea that in most cases do not exceed $1,800 to $2,000 per year. In each division there is a force of clerical workers who file the drawings which must be presented with every patent application In lieu of the small working models which were once required. These clerical workers also have to tamp the date and hour cf te receipt of every patent application, raid tlihi little detail often becomes a matter of the greatest importance when two or more men discover tho tame Inven tion at about the same time. Indeed, in the case of certain of our most valuable inventions, such ns the te'.ophone, moro than one man hit on tho Moa simultaneously, but the wraith that lay in wait for the lucky inventor went to tho man who won in tho rnce to the patent office. It is because of this keen rivalry that inventors all over tba country are wek-oming the present movement t: Itsue patents more quickly. In days gone, by Inventors have in some instances had to "mark time" lor yrars before they could get their pat ents, and this not only did an injustice, to tho inventor and to the workmen who might have been employed meanwhile In manufacturing tho new product, but It also deprived the public at large of the benefit of new discoveries designed to benefit it in one 'way or another. In an average year there are upward cf twico as many applications for patents as are granted. Some of the things upon which patents are sought are not patentable, and in many instances it is a case of "another fellow found it first." The patent office officials tell many really pathetic stories of men In isolated localities who have devoted years of hard work to working out some invention ignorant all the while that some other person had gone over the same ground, worked out the in vention and secured a patent, perhaps many years before. Tho number of new patents keeps well ahead of tho number of patents that expire, the latter totaling in the ordinary year not more than two-thirds .as many as there are new patents issued. One hundred to two hundred patents are also reissued each year. Uach applicant for a patent must pay to the government a fixed fee of $35, but If his applica tion is made through an attorney as is the case in most instances as above explained tho total expense ere an inventor secures his coveted pro tection on his brain-child is likely to be at least double the amount of the fee. It is sometimes said that our American patent system is not so effective as Is that in vogue in Germany, but cer tain it is that Uncle Sam's patent machinery has been the indirect means of returning greater wealth to inventors than has been attained by the patrons of any foreign patent establishment. Incidcntly it may be noted that there is a disposi tion on the part of all the leading nations of the world to get together on patent matters and to work in harmony in the issuance of patents. In deed, in late years, one of the most Important duties of the United States commissioner of pat ents has been that represented by negotiations in connection with international treaties on this subject, and seldom a year goes by that he does not visit one or more foreign countries In tho effort to bring about a better understanding be tween nations on this score. X I Mendelssohn in a Rage 4 1 1 4 4 4 1 4 H 4- Mendelssohn in a ragn was a fine sight; for Ihen his eyes simply blazed out from under the long lashes. This was not rare with him. The orchestra at Dusseldorf was responsible for much of his Irritation. He gives a humorous description of their lack of time and tune: "Every allegro leaves off twice as fast as it began, and the oboe plays E-natural In C-mlnor, and they carry their fiddles under their coata when it rains, and when It Is fine they do pot cover them at all; and If you onco heard me conduct this orchestra, not even four horses could bring you there a iccond tline." Dole, "Famous Composers." 'What is an indeterminate sentence, pa?" "Matrimony, my son." IS EPILEPSY CONQUERED? New York Physicians Havo Many Cures to Their Credit. New York, April 4. Advices from every direction fully confirm previous reports that the remarkable treatment for epilepsy being administered by the consulting physicians of the Dr. Water man Institute Is achieving wonderful results. Old and stubborn cases have been greatly benefited and many pa tients claim to have been entirely cured. Persons suffering from epilepsy should write at once to Dr. Waterman Institute, 122 East 25th st.. Branch C3, New Vork. for a supply of the remedy, which is being distributed gratuitously. A Preaching Cross Restored. The preaching cross ln the village of Durrlngton, situated amid romantic surroundings on the northern side of the Mendlp hills, has, by tho generos ity of Col. Evan II. Llewellyn, been restored. It is recorded that early in 1S05 tho handsome fifteenth century base of the cros3 all that then re mained of it was removed and uti lized in building a new house for the then parish clerk. Happily, the orna mental dial stone did not share the same fate, and this has been incor porated into its original position in the new cross. Three broad and mas sive steps carry the old Socket upon which rest3 a tall monolith 6haft, which is crowned by one of those lantern-shaped canopies so peculiar to the west country. From tho London Standard. BETTER TEETH FEWER DENTIST'S BILLS Your teeth decay because particles of food get into crevices between and around tho teeth and- create germs of decay. Ordinary tcoth powders and washes are entirely inadequate to prevent It. Try Paxtine Toilet Antiseptic, a de licious, harmless germicide. Just a little ln a glass cf water, and rlnso tho mouth and brush the teeth thoroughly. It will whiten tho teeth, prevent and remove tartar, destroy all germa of decay and savo you dentist's bills. Paxtlno thoroughly cleanses, de odorizes and keeps pure and odorless false teeth and brldgework. Paxtlne is far superior to liquid antiseptics and peroxide for all toilet and hy gienic uses. At Druggists 23 and 50c, or sent postpaid upon receipt of price by The Paxton Toilet Co., Boston, Mass, Send for a freo sample. Accounting for It. Wedderly They say that a man and his wife grow to look alike after they have been married a few years. Now, my wife and I have been mar ried ten years; do you think we- look alike? Singleton Yes, indeed! You both seem to have the same sad expression. Stray Stories. TSE ALLEN'S FOOT-KASE tb Jlotlaeptlo powdr to b ahaken Into the tboa for tired, aching faet. Ittakestb sting out of oorna and bnnlnns and makes walking delight. Sold rerrnher. lie. lltfut lubititvfs. For FUBB trial package, address A. S. Olnistod. Lo Eoy, N.TV Rightly employed, the reason Is not a check to piety, but is its regulator. It chastens, and refines the flames of devotion Id the human heart, but does not put it. out. C. W.vWendte. Garfield Tea. purifies tha blcod, eradi cates rheumatism, gout and other diseases. It's no use a church advertising the Bible when It is dodging Its bills. Made Safe by Lydia E. Plnkliam's Vegetable Compound. rir?TtfATtllA. Vt "I was msslnff through theChangeof Life and Buttered I r o m nervousness and other annoying symptoms, ana a can truly Bay tnac Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com pound has prqyed worth mountains of gold to me, as it restored my health and strength. I never forget to tell my friends whac Lvdla E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound has dona f onino during this trying period. Complete restoration to health means so much to me that for the eake of other suffer ing women I am willing to make my trouble public bo you may publish this letter." Mns. Citas. JJaiiculy; K.F.D., Granite ville, Vt. !N"o other medicine for -woman's ills has received such -wide-spread and un qualified endorsement, o other med icine we know of has such a record of cures as has Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. Tor more than 30 years it has been curing woman's ills such as inflamma tion, ulcerationflbroid tumors, irreg ularities, periodic pains and nervous prostration, and it is unequalled for carrying women safely through th period of change of life. Mrs. Pinkhara, at Iynn, Mass., InvitcH all sick women to writo her for advice. Her advice is free, and always liclpf uL mnmwn 44 Bu. to i!i3 Acre H a heavy yield, bat that's what John Kennedy of 4mouton, AlDerta, Western Can ad. ot from 40 acres or FtpnnK WDnattn mu. lleports irout cuier districts in TuaiproY noe showed ottit-r ejtcel- Jntreuh--iuch as 4.- 000 bushrl of wheat from 120 acre, or 83 l-.S bu. por acre. i&SOand 40 bushel yield n were num erous. As hlgb'as 11 bushels of onu to the acre. w'retbivfched from Alborta fields ln 1'jlO. The Silver Gup i recent Ppokn as awarded to the a Goyerniuentfor Itgeihlbitof Kmlcs.era.iM'saDd vecftAbl8. Reports of excellent TteM for 1W10 con; alH front Baskatcbewan and M&nilob&ln YVelern Canada. Fre IjoiiieMerwln of 10O lirrvs, nnd uiljolnlntr iir-(-Miptinna of lOI) HcrrH (ut t&.l mr ncr) are to l bud tii tlio lioJ est diittrrcttt. School CDDvouJent, -ll-mutw cijcelloii t, oll tho very beftt, rallw tivs -loo at haii'l, bulldlnir luiiil.or t'ht'Hp. f uelf :3.y to pre t. and r u:iinllt la price, witter ohhIIv procured, uiixfd fii'iiilnc ii tMicrcan. Yni' ua to best placo for tol tV.nent. settlers' low railway ratfs, oVsortptlYe Illustrated "Lat Beat West" (sent frre on application land other Informa tion, to Mup't of Inirrnsrntlen. (ttta wn. C:m. .or to tbo Canadltn Go re row tut AeuU (&) M. V. Ketones, 176 Jeffsrcon Art., Ootroit; tf-& 7;J or C. . laurtr, Suit Jls. Maris, Kich.1 iTivl.TVr V I (Use addrobs ncureat you.) B IV: V'i 1 Muddled Brains result from an overloaded stomach, sluggish liver, in active bowels, or impure blood. Clear thinking fol lows the use of JRI1UU3 SoU Everywhere. In boxaa 10c and 25c Don'tBuya GommonRefrigerator It will soon become vile tmetlinr, diseate breeding lain r. Our Ire ll oooajci i eus woy. Asaiortl. Buy the Leonard Cleanable Lined with real porcelain enamel on tbeet steel, all one piece. Not iTaiior ctcticw lor jenns to bide. Voo can 'f break, (cratch or mar il'teuly cleaned' ea a china Hith niiUK i. a.w Im. iJm. .rst, iinJlary and" durable, cheapest umiecna. y e leiiairect wnera we have no dealer. Write today for catalor. booklet and free tan nlea of the Dorcelainlinlnr. CRAND RAPIDS RLFRJCERATOR. CO. 153 Ode Park Arem - Grand Rapida. Mich, H3 I I KB V W,; J iuu tiakj vim ill cuici tniri fat ffBAimt wm fclfc IfiVVIlU From BaSde to Shoe iouge Rex Shoes Are 'Best U0t REVS rA v: y shoes rSA Our say so does not make them so, but our shoes back up our say so. Let us tell you why they are best. FIRST. The leather is tanned riijht. We tan it ourselves, and as we make it expressly for. Rouge Rex Shoes, and on their quality we rest our reputation; every precaution is used to avoid anything de teriorating entering into this product. SECOND. Nothintr hut IrntW J nc r. vsu may 1 1 UUU U I OUT shoes to pieces and examine it carefully, and you will find no pasteboard iDsoies, counters, or neeis in mem. insoles, outsoles, counters and heels are all solid leather. THIRD. They are made right. The workmanship is of the best, and they are made over comfortable, welUfitting lasts. ' These features are absolutely requisite to good shoes: Good leather, all leather riehtl made. Rortge Rex Shdgstand the test Bat don't take our word for it Ask vour dealer for a pair, wrfar them, watch their wear-reistioj qualities, and vtm will. lLmJL kuow what kind of shoes to ask foe in the future. . 1 WwV Hirlh-Kransc Co. , . TB4DC-M4IK Tils A a aiars i Calert fiery tot You may rin ono nf nnr Grand Rapids, Clicb. 0.