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rtTVr I- Old Taylor House Will Be Made a Museum. SIGNER M 1115 II . I t Sv ry 7lfe 14 fill ' IV :f t " f in the south. This era of better condl- LJ fc- V ' UTj S5S' C&V 1 ditions have not been uniformly Bat- V--:tI l I V try. Good crops are at the bottom of t i " irJ HINGS are unmistakably "looking up" in the south. This era of better condi tions and better feeling is all the more noticeable because it has made Itself manifest at a time when business con ditions have not been uniformly sat isfactory in other sections of the coun try. Good crops are at the bottom of of the Improvement in Dixie, as, in deed, they are usually at the bottom f every widespread change of business conditions in any part of the country. That the yield of the fields erves as the mainspring of the whole scheme of Existence below the Mason and Dixon line is by no Imeans strange, for in this territory, to a degree not 'true of any other equal area in the United States, 'la the chief industry embraced in the tilling of the oil. Although an era of more diversified farming Is dawning In the south, that good old stand-by, cotton, Us still the chief staple crop and Is likely to continue euch for many years to come. It is the satisfactory condition of tho cotton growing industry, then, that COLCWAL MA WON XttTOAFD ANP 70?ZfP sB& i w?M?m I I M)' j53- '-4v JyTi I C MMMMMW ' Ilium IIIIMMMMMMMMMMMiMMIIMMVtl1 I Sffelf or or ms old rysr or mtnim -oJ i ivXv&r - - -h - - J Jrr iJW Is largely responsible for tho satisfactory state of things in tho "warm belt." Last year's cotton crop was thoroughly satisfactory in quantity and brought gratifying prices. Indeed, the returns were so satisfactory to tho planters that this year has found a heavy Increase in the acreage put out in cotton always a sure indication of the senti ments of the growers. And for all that the skeptical folk have been wont to declare that such a run of luck cannot be expected to continue for more than one season thero is every indication at this writing that this 'year's crop conditions will measure up well with the showing of twelve months ago. The yield is 'liable to bo about as good as that of last year, or at least is almost certain to be above the ten 'year average, and even If the prices that rule are not quite so high as last year (owing possibly to the increased acreage) tho returns will yet be sufficient to give the cotton growers a very sat isfactory return upon their Investment and labor. A few years of rich cotton' yield will do more than anything else to help the south along toward ti par with other prosperous sections of the coun jtry. Particularly is this the case in rural Dixie, for although the country residents of the south are gradually adopting an agricultural policy jwhereby all their eggs will not be in one basket jthe fact remains that they are relying upon cot ton for the funds that will beget better things nd permit, shall we call it experiments, in other means of deriving a livelihood from the soil. The first and most significant evidence of better things in the south is seen in the measures taken ;to restore or sustain the productive qualities of .the soil. Land has been abused in the south, jjust as it has been in other section of prodigal America, but in few cases has the damage gone beyond repair except, mayhap, in some of the land devoted to tobacco culture. Now efforts are being made to rejuvenate it either by means of rotation of crops, or where that is not prac .ticable, through the instrumentality of the scien tific methods prescribed by experts. ( However, this soil improvement is, of course, more real than apparent. The evidence of better things in Dixie that forces itself most emphatic ally upon the notice of the traveler or stranger I Is found in the better houses that now shelter the .Inhabitants. The change that has taken place in this respect is especially Impressive to the out balder who visits today a representative' district with the conditions in which he was familiar ten years, or even five years ago. It is not necessary to compare the state of affairs with the status Just after the Civil war, or even as late as twenty Tears ago. The pace of improvement has been eo rapid that it may be gauged within a much more recent interval. ' That there was need of improvement in the bousing conditions prevelant throughout most parts of the south has been all too manifest for I these many years past Indeed, the wretched con ditions in which many of the poorer inhabitants ,-dwelt has invarlbly been a shock to persons from ithe north or west visiting the south for the first Jtime. Log cabins or the most crudely constructed frame houses, with mud chimneys and like as not J earth for a floor have been too numerous to be 'considered exception. Moreover, such habitations 'have by no means been restricted to the colored Inhabitants. Indeed, in many Instances the pov erty-stricken folk known as the "poor whites" have been found living in squalor and discomfort, to say nothing of unsanitary conditions, that par alleled anything In tho negro cabins. No wonder so many of this class of tho inhabitants fell vic tims to "hook worm" and other diseases. As has been said, the coming of material pros perity has proven the chief spur to the era of better homes in rural Dixie, but it Is only fair to say that the Improvement set in before the record-breaking cotton crops of the past lew years were even in prospect, and have found in spiration from sources quite apart from business activity. For a number of years past a number of individuals and humanitarian organizations have been doing "missionary work" of the best kind in the south. Under the guise of medical at tendance they have carried health and hygiene to many Isolated families, who had remalnned In Ignorance of modern ideas on such matters; they have sought to educate the children of these poor folk particularly in the remote moun tain districts where regular schools are a rarity; and finally they have exerted influence in every possible way to secure the provision of better homes. Efforts have been made to arouse the ambitions of the men to provide better, more commodious and thoroughly weather-tight dwell ings, whereas the women have had their interest kindled along the line of home ornamentation, etc. This arousal of Interest has come the more readily where the improvement of business or agricultural conditions has made it possible for the heads of the household to obtain remunera tive employment. It has been pretty difficult to nurture ambitions for better home among a peo ple weakened by long poverty and disease and with barely enough money to keep body and soul together. A highly beneficial Influence in this same general direction has been exerted during the past few years by the field agents of the United States department of agriculture and by tho workers of the state agricultural Institutions that have been established in most of the south ern states. These men and women have worked for better conditions through the medium of the children of rural Dixie. Having won the confi dence of the farmer boys through the Corn club competitions and of the girls through the more recently introduced Canning clubs It has been a simple matter to Inspire them with a desire to n,ot only improve the farm but also to Improve the farm home and provide It with greater com forts and conveniences. Indeed, many- of the prizes offered by southern merchants and or ganizations of public-spirited citizens in these contests designed to improve agricultural yields in the south have been objects destined to af ford a hint of home comforts or luxuries hereto fore undreamed of. The direct sequel of the good crops of recent years in its effect upon home In Dixie is even more conspicuous than the Indirect Influences ' above mentioned. All over the south farmers and planters have expended some of the money they have made in these fat years in building new dwellings or in restoring old ones. Many colonial or ante-bellum mansions which were rap idly falling into decay have thus been rescued and restored in the nick of time, and when pro- MAWJiG A S7T fXt A HOrtr J1 RCLA)MED SWAMP vided with modern heating and lighting systems have afforded habitations of which any farmers In the land might well be proud. Some of the landed proprietors have also expended some of the fruits of recent prosperity in providing better dwellings for their tenants. Of course this is without reference to exceptional cases where wealthy northerners have invaded the south, and, as in the case of the Vanderbllt estate in North Carolina, have not only provided ideal dwellings for tenant farmers, but have also established model dairies, etc. And Ju3t here it may be added that an import ant contributory to the era of better homes in rural Dixie is found in the influx of northern farmers. Of late years these farmers who are abandoning the worn-out farm land of the middle west have been wending their way southward in increasing numbers, many of them giving Dixie a preference over western Canada because of its kindly climate and consequent economy in fuel and the cost of heavy clothing. Naturally these energetic, prosperous farmers have been accus tomed to comfortable and convenient farm houses, and, arriving at their new scene of activ ities, almost the first thing they have done has been to provide dwellings that have in many in stances proven a revelation to the natives. Another uew factor has Just appeared in south ern , rural life and the influence which it will exert and which will probably extend to hous ing conditions is awaited with keen interest England has always been one of the largest cus tomers for raw cotton raised in America and the manufacturers in Great Britain have long had the idea that they ought to be able to get their cotton at lower prices if British thrift and sys tem could have play in the cultivation and pick ing of the fluffy white balls. Finally, only a few months ago, they decided to attempt to take cotton cultivation into their own hands, and they have recently spent millions of dollars in the purchase of thousands of acres of cotton land which fthey will cultivate under the direction of their own experts. Presumably southern labor will be largely employed, but some help may be Imported and every person who knows of the In stinctive colonizing instincts of the English be lieves that they will introduce some Innovations in housing the families dependent upon the eai terpriso for a means of livelihood. The Way They Do In Utah! The extent to which army methods of medlcaj propnylaxis may be drawn upon to Instruct thfl civilian population in matters of public health U shown in the decision of the city of Salt Lake, lltah, to' begin the use of typhoid vaccination ia an effort to put an end to the typhoid that has ravaged the city for years, says the Army and Navy Journal. Attempts to trace the cause of the epidemics have been unsuccessful, and the demon stration ,by the army of the success of vaccina tion has spurred Jhe municipal health authorities to action. Attention to the vaccine was drawn by the visit of the troops now at Fort Douglas to. San Antonio. None of the soldiers from Salt Lake was affected with the disease while they were away. One of the Two Remaining Abodes of Those Who Put Their Names to the Declaration of Independence. Easton, Pa. One by one tho nation hss permitted the homes of the sign era of the Declaration of Independ ence to be sold into uncaring hands, or altered or torn down. Today, it is said, there remain only two of these homes as they appeared In 1776. These are the former homo of George Taylor in this place, and Charles Carrollton of Baltimore. The Carrollton man sion, rich as it is in memories, has been a tenement house, inhabited principally by foreigners. The lower floor of the Taylor house was last used as a butcher shop. It is quite probable that there Is more interest4 attached to this Taylor house than to the home of any other signer of the famous document It Is for this reason that the Easton chap ter of the Daughters of the American Revolution are making such efforts to preserve this once famous building. This society has purchased the home and will convert it Into a museum. As a nucleus for the proposed collection, they already have some relics of Tay lor and Revolutionary days. These consist principally of suits of clothes, the sword, books and the Inkstand used by tho signer, as well as a num ber of shot cast at Taylor's furnace ut Durham. This house was built in 1757 as a home for William Parsons, tho found er of the city of Easton. Shortly be fore Parsons died, George Taylor came to America with a man named Savage, who established a furnace at Durham, near Easton. Savago paid for Taylor's passage to America, and the latter then worked seven j'ears for Savage, to reimburse him. Then Savago died, and Taylor married his widow, and came into possession of the furnace. Taylor now found him self on the road to fame and fortune. The Taylor House. The Durham furnace was kept busy making shot for the Revolutionary cannon. Taylor moved to Easton and bought the Parsons home, at the north east corner of Fourth and Ferry streets. Here Gsneral Washington visited Taylor when the former came to this city to visit the sick soldiers that had been housed in the First Re formed church, which was temporar ily used as a hospital. In 1764, Taylor was a member of the Provincial assembly, and one of tho committee which thanked King George for repealing the stamp act. The Taylor house is a two and a half story structure, built of sand stone. The mortar is so hard that it can hardly be chipped off with a chisel. The floors are of one and one half inch oak planks, and fastened with wrought iron nails. Large oaken shelves adorn the room used by Tay lor as his library, and the second floor has a spacious fireplace where hang the colonial fire tongs. The chimney is yet straight and solid, and the window sashes and panes are al most Invariably the same as they were in Taylor's time. A short time ago, a small marble slab, giving the time of erection, and tho date of death of the owner, George Taylor, was placed on the Jmildlng by the new owners, the Easton chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution. CLEVER WITH HIS FINGERS Negro Mail Distributor Could Tell What Letters Contained Money, and Took Over 1,0C0. Cleveland, O. Postofflce Inspectors say over 1,000 letters, containing small sums of money, have been taken from the mails by Franklin B. Scott, ne gro, a night distributor at the postof flce here. Scott had six unopened let ters In his pockets when arrested, the officials say. Scott was able to pick out letters containing currency with astonishing accuracy. His finger tips were ab normally sensitive and he had trim med his nails so that the nerves were nearly exposed. It was his slender, ta pering fingers that led inspectors to tuspect him. Dig Crane the Fish Thief. Bethlehem, Pa. Local fishermen have wondered what has become of all the trout distributed In Mcnocacy Creek last year, and discovered the cause when a big erase was found F tiding on 'the fis I II ! I II BAKING POWDER SEE tow muclDvHr It snakes the baking SEE llovr znaelt more un! form in quality SEE hovr pure how good SEE how economical and SEE that you get Calamei) At your Qrooor'o f t made by the tbsS m TT rrvn rTTTNIl 111 NATURAL HISTORY. "Do giraffes catch cold when the, wot their feet, papa?" "Of course, my son but not until the next month!" Heltero Welt. HANDS BURNED LIKE FIRE "I can truthfully say Cutlcura Rem edies have cured mo of four long years of eczema. About four yeara ago I noticed some little pimples coming on my little finger, and not giving it any attention, it soon became worse and spread all over my hands. If I would have them in water for a long time, they would burn like fire and large cracks would come. I could lay a pin in them. After using all the salyes I could think of, I went tq. threo different doctors, but all did me no good. The only relief I got was scratching. " l "So- after hearing so much about the wonderful Cutlcura Remedies, I pur chased one complete set, and after using them three days my hands were much better. Today my hands are entirely well; one set being all I used." (Signed) Miss Etta Narber, R. F. D. 2, Spring Lake. Mich., Sept. 26, 1910. , Although Cutlcura Soap and Oint ment are sold everywhere, a sample of each, with 32-page book, wIU J bew mailed free on application to'Cutl-" cura," Dept 2 L, Boston. Roman Gossip. Munny (the village banker) What do you suppose the young fellows in ancient Rome did to pass the time?" I'nuuny tine village pnnosopner) Oh. I don't know. I sunnosa they used to hang around and talk about what a punk town Rome was. Puck. any Ready for It. "Young man, have you made preparations for the rainy day?" "Oh, yes," replied the son of the prominent millionaire. "In addition to my roadster, I have a corking good limousine that will easily hold six girls." Perhaps Both. MUly I put away my last year'a bathing suit in camphor, but it evap orated. Dilly The bathing suit? Y The Pure Food Law 8topred the m! of hundred of fraudunt medicine. They could not stand investigation. Hamlini Wizard Oil haa stood the teat of investi gation for nearly sixty years. Few of us van do more than on thing well. I..ny a man who has na difficulty In making money is a dis mal failure as a spender.